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The new age. [volume] (Portland, Or.) 1896-1905, December 08, 1906, Image 1

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VYOII Xl,
. KALISPELL, MONTANA
D. R. PEELER, Pres., F. J. LEBERT, V. Pres.. R. E. WEBSTER, Cash., W. D. LAWSON, A. Cash.
Trensacts a general vanking business. Drafts issued, available in all cities of the United
States snd Europe, Hong Kong and Manila. Collections made on favorable terms.
B T L ie e e St o e
LADD & TILTON, Bankers Portland, Oregon
Established in 1859. Transact a General Banking Business. Interest allowed on time de-
Eouma. Collections made at all points on favorable terms. Letters of Credit issued available in
urope and the Eastern States. Sight Exchange and Telegraphic Transfers sold on New York,
Washington, Chicago, 8t Louis, Denver, Omaha, San Francisco and various Xginu in Oregon,
Washington, Idaho, Montana and British Columbia. Exchange sold on London, Paris, Bexqu,
Frankfort and Hong Kong.
LU T o L e el it iar e
" OF PORTLAND, OREGON.
J. C. AINSWORTH, President. W. B. AYER, Vice-President. R. W. SCHMEER, Cashier
A. M. WRIGHT, Assistant Cashier.
Trapsacts a general banking business. Draits issued, available in all cities of the United
States aud Europe, Hong Kong and Manila. Collections made on favorable terms.
NORTHWEST CORNER THIRD AND OAK STREETS.
L R R R eel = i e
THE PENINSULA BANK ST JOHNS ORE
Capital, fully paid up, $25,000.00. Surplus and undivided profits, $3,000.00.
Commenced Business June 5, 1905.
OFFICERS: J. W. FORDNEY, President; R.T. PLATT, Vice President; C. A. WOOD, Cashier.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS: J. W. Fordney, R. T. Platt, F.C. Knapp, W. A. Brewer, H. L. Powers,
Thos. Cochran, M. L. Holbrook, C. A. Wood. ‘
e e e et et Sl e
“oOldest Bank in the State of Washington.” 1
|
DEXTER, HORTON & CO. |
- Capital $200,000 Surplus and undivided |
P Deposits $7,530,000 BANKERS ’ profits, $425,000
Accounts of Northwest Pacific Banks solicited upon terms which will grant to them the
.most liberal accommodaiions con-istent with their talances and responsibilities. Wm. M.
Ladd, President; N. H. Latimer, Manager; M. W. Pe erson, Cashier. Seattle, Washington.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF PORT TOWNSEND
Kstablished 1882. Collections promptly made and remitted.
B e by e e
FIRST NATIONAL BANK “'GRBSsN™
OREGON
Capital, $500,000
Surplus, $1,000,000 Deposits, $13,000,000
FIRST NATIONAL BANK of North Yakima, Wash: |
Caplital and Surplus $130,000 00 :
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY a
W.M LADD CHAS. CARPENTER W. L, STEINWEG, A. B.CLINE
President Vice President Cashier Assistant Cashier | °
SR RIS et T ]
FIRST NATIONAL BANK|
Walla Walla, Washington. (First National Bank in the State.) :
Transacts a General Banking Business. |
CAPITAL $lOO,OOO. SURPLUS $lOO,OOO. ’
LEV} ANKENY, President. A. H. REYNOLDS. Vice President. A. R. BURFORD, Cashier :
_______________________________——————————-—————"__“—'—— |
4
THE NATIONAL BANK OF COMMERCE |
TACOMA, WASH.
UNITED STATES DEPOGSITARY
i Capital $200,000 Surplus $200,000
bt i e, ST e _\
AFrederick A. Rice, z':l:un?g:-’hhr; Delbér‘c“At. \“l;n:g?.mm‘?guglw e “‘*:3s9@“;'
JNO. C. AINSWORTH, Pres. JNO. 8. BAKER, Vice Pres. P. C. KAUFFMAN, 2d Vice Pres.
A. G. PRICHARD, Cashier. F. P. HASKELL, JR., Assistant Cashier.
THE FIDELITY TRUST COMPANY BANK
General Banking CAPITAL AND SURPLUS, $390,000 Safe Deposit Vaults
“SAVINGS DEPARTMENT: Interest at the Rate of 8 per cent per Annum, Credited Semi-Annually
TACOMA. WASHINGTON
e —
ALFRED COOLIDGE, Pres. A.F. McCLAINE Vice Pres AARON KUHN, Vice Pres.
CHAS. E. SCRIBER, Cashier. D. C. WOODWARD, Asst. Cashicr.
THE COLFAX NATIONAL BANK of Colfax Wash.
Caplital, $120,000.00
Transacts a general banking business. Special facilities for handling Eastern
Washington and Idaho items.
e e eey
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK =™&™
1881
Moorehead, Minnesota
JOHN LAMB, DAVID ASKEGAARD, LEW A. HUNTOON, ARTHUR H.COSTAIN,
President Vice President Cashier Asst. Cashier
Interest Paid on Time Deposits
FIRST NATIONAL BANK of East Grand Forks, Minn.
Farm Loans Negotiated. Fire and Cyclone Inmsuranee Written. Does a
General Banking Busidess.
‘Q.pltal, $50,000 E. ARNESON, Pre«. G. R.JACOBI Cashier
4 Per Cent Interest Paid on Time Deposits
THE FIRST NATIONAL, BANK
OF DULUTH, MINNESOTA. ‘
CAPITAL, 88500,000 SURPLUS 728,000
U. S. : _ggremment Depositary.
GEORGE PALMER F. L. MEYERS EO.
President Cashier P CLMXE-%. Cuhivevi a BRKNF::?.‘TC::;M“
&
La Grande National Bank "3iioß"
Capital and Surplus, $120,000
q“glel:f!g(?%f{mg}_u. Berry, A. B. Conley, F. J. Holmes, F.M. Byrkit, F.L. Meyers, Geo. L
THE W. G. M'PHERSON COMPANY
Heating, Ventilating and Drying Engineers
WARM AIR FURNACES
«NOTHING BUT THE BEST” 47 First Street PORTLAND, OREGON
PORTLAND FUEL. COMPANY
Successors to PIONEER, C. R. DAVIS and PHOENIX FUEL CO.
PHONE EAST 26 287 E. MORRISON ST.
COAL—Rock Springs, Diamond, Richmond, Roslyn, New Cas
tle, New Castle Nut, Franklin, Carbon Hill, Coke.
WOOD—4-Foot Fir, 4-Foot Oak, 4-Foot Ash, Sawed Oak,
Sawed Fir, Sawed Ask, Sawed Knots.
-
The Merchants National Bank
Of St. Paul, Minnesota
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY
Capital, $1,000,000.00 rSurplus, $5§00,000.00
Transacts a general banking busineas. Correspondence invited
OFFICERS—KENNETH CLARK, President; GEO. H. PRINCE, Vice President; H. W,
PARKER, Cashier; H. VAN VLECK, Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS—Crawford Uflnvton, Kenneth Clark, J. H. Skinner, Louis W. Hill, Geo. H,
Prince, C. H. Bigelow, R.D. Noyes, V. M. Watkins, L. P. Ordway, F. B. Kellogg, E. N. Saunders.
Thomas A.Marlow, W. B, Pargons, J .M. Hannaford, Charles P. Noyes.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1906.
MESSAGE IN BRIEF
Important Polnts of President’s
Communication to Congress
The main points brought out by the presi
dent in his annual message to cOngress, deliv
ered December 4, follow: 2
1 again recommend a law prohibiting all
corporations from contributing to the campaign
expenses of any party. Such a bill has ak
re.at.i! passed one house of congress. Let in
dividuals contribute as they desire; but let us
prohibit in effective fashion all corporations
from making contributions for any political
purpose, directly or indirectly. 3
Another bill which has just passed one
of congress and which it is urgently necm
should be enacted into law is that conferring
upon the government the right of agpeal. in
criminal cases on questions of law. This nfi
exists in many of the states; it exists in
District of Columbia by act of the congress.
[t is of course not proposed that in any case
a verdict for the defendant on the merits
should be set aside. A failure to pass it will
result in seriously hampering the guvernment
in its effort to obtain justice, especially against
wealthy individuals er corporations who do
wrong; and may also prevent the government
from obtaining justice for wage-workers who
are not themselves able effectively to contest
a case where the judgment of an inferior court
has been against them. %
In connection with this matter 1 would like
to call attention to the very unsatisfactory
state of our criminal law, resulting in large
part from the habit of setting aside the )ucgg:
ments of inferier courts on technicalities
solutely unconnected with the merits of the
case, and where there is mo attempt to show
that there has been any failure of substantial
justice.
In my last message I suggested the enact
ment o{y a law in cennection with the issuance
of injunctions, attention having been sharply
drawn to the matter by the demand that the
right of applying injunctions in labor cases
should be wholly abolished. Tt is at least
doubtful whether a law abolishing altogether
the use of the injunctions in such cases would
stand the test of the courts; 1n which case
of course the legislation would be ineffective.
Morecover, I believe it would be wrong alto
gether to prohibit the use of injunctions. But
so far as possible the abuse of the cfiover
should be provided against by some su law
as I advocated last year. :
Lawlessness grows by what it feeds upon;
and when mobs begin to lynch for rape they
speedily extend the sphere of their ?enponl
and lynch for many other kinds of crimes,
so that two-thirds of the lynchings are not
for raFe at all; while a considerable propor:
tion of the individuals lynched are innocent of
all crime, In my judgment, the crime of rape
should always be %:nisbed with death, as in
the case with murder; assault with intent to
commit rape should be made a capital crime,
at least in the discretion of the court; and pro
vision should be made by which the punish:
ment may follow immediately upon the heels
of the offense; while the trial should be sa
conducted that the victim need not be wan
tonl{ shamed while iiving testimeny, and that
tjhe 7ast possible publicity shall be given to the
details. :
I call {our attention to the need of passing
the bill limiting the number of hours of em
rloyment of railroad empl?e:. The measure
s a very moderate one and I can conceive of
no serious objection to it. Indeed, so f 5
it is in ou;-rom. it should be our aim
steadily to reduce the number of hours o
| ) b i 1 ral lin -
young children in factories ef at
where are a blot on our civilization. It 1S
true that each state must ult »hfi%"f"’“, e “th
question 1n its own EEEy e
cial invesigation of the matter, with the re
sults published brmdafixemfi greatly help
towar aroum‘g the pu conscience and se:
curing wnity of state action in the matter.
-Among the excellent laws which the con
gress passed at the last session was an em
ployers’ lability law. It was a marked step
in advance to get the recognition of em
ployers’ liability on the statute ‘.%
the law did not go far enough. In spite o
all precautions exercised by employers there
are ]undavp:dablel lccident: lll(!f even death:
involved in nearly every line of business con:
nected with the mechanic arts, If the entire
trade risk is placed upon the employer he will
promptly and properly add it to the legitimate
cost of production and assess it proportion
ately upon the consumers of his commodity.
It is therefore clear to my mind that the law
should place this entire “risk of a trade’” mpon
the employer. Neither the federal law nor. as
far as I am informed, the state laws dealing
with the question of employers’ lhbilit( are
sufficiently thoroughgoing. The federa law
should of course include employes in navy
yards, arsenals and the like. .
Tt is not wise that the nation should
alienate its remaining coal lands. I have tem
porarily withdrawn from settlement all the
lands which the geological mr:coga has indi
cated as containing, or in all p bility con
taining coal. The question, however, can be
properly settled onl{ by legislation, which in
my judgment should provide for the with
drawal of these lands from sale or from
entry, save in certain especial circumstances.
The ownership would then remain in the
United States, which should not, however,
attempt to work them, but rermit them to be
worked bfl private individuals under a royalty
system, the government keeping such control
as to permit it to see that no excessive price
was charged consumers. It would, of course,
be as necessary to supervise the rates charged
by the common carriers to transport the pro
duct as the rates charged by those who mine
it; and the supervision must extend to the
conduct of the common carriers, S 0 that they
shall in no way favor one competitor at the
expense of amother. The withdrawal of these
coal lands would constitute a policy analogous
to that which has been followed in withdraw
ing the forest lands from otdimxo“lcttle
ment. The coal, like the forests, Id be
treated as the property of the public, and its
disposal should be under conditions which
would inure to the benefit of the public as a
whole.
The passage of the railway rate.bill, and
only to a‘less degree the passage of the pure
food bill, and the flprovision for increasing and
rendering more effective the national contrel
over the beef-packing industry, mark an im
portant advance in_the proper direction. In
my judgment it will in the end be advisable
in connection with the packing-house inspec
tion law to provide for putting a date on the
label and for charging the cost of inspection
to the packers.
The question of taxation is difficult in any
country, but it is especially difficult in ours,
with its Federal system of government. Some
taxes should on every ground be levied in a
small district for use in that district. Thus
the taxation of real estate is peculiarly one
for the immediate locality in which the real
estate is found. But there are mnickinds of
taxes which can only be levied by the general
zovernment so as to produce the best results,
because. among other reasons, the attempt io
impose them in one particular state too oft'n
results mereky in driving the corporation or
individual affected to some other locality or
other state. The national -government has long
dertved its chief revenue?r.;nl a tariff on im
ports and from an internal or excise tax. In
addition to these there is reason why,
when next our system of ;'x:goo is revised,
the national government should impose a grad
uated inheritance tax, and, if possible, a grad
vated income tax,
The industrial and agricultural classes must
work together, capitalists and wageworkers
must work together, if the best work of which
the country is capable is to be done. It is
probable that a thoroughly efficient system of
education comes next to the influence of pat
riotism in bringing about national success of
this kind. Our federal form of government,
so fruitful of advantage to our people in cer
i=in wavs, in other ways undoubtedly limits
our national efieciivensss. It is not possible,
for instance, for the national government to
take the lead in technical industrial education,
to see that the public_scheol s of this
country develops on all m indus-
"Bty - o ~
%;, it pri y to the several states.
e -+ e v the governmental assistance
n the most effective wm that is, thnough as- |
SR s fa: rather than to or through
ndividual fa; It is also strividg to co
) m with the agriculeral de-|
partmengs of the several states, andise far as
#s-own iwork is educational, to co-osdinate it
)
K the wo ~of other educational awthorities.
. Great progress has already been made among
‘armers by the creation of farmersl” institutes,.
of dairy associations, of breeders’ associations,
torticultural associations and thae Mke. The.
?’ *nt can mddv{ill co-operate villhdl
such ciations, and it must haye their
_.12’,.’3 work is to be done-im. the mtlp
“%fi now being done for the states of
e Racky tains and the great plains
through the d nt of the natienal policy
f irrigation and forest preservation; ne gov
ernment ‘policy for the bettermemt of our in
termal Conditions has been more fruitful of
‘t‘h‘xls.s‘;'l'tl;e fomA ts: of the White
uthern Ap n regions
hould ‘2lso be g‘merved; andf they. can, not be
unless the people of the staies in which they.
ie, through their representatives in the con
gress, secure vigorous actiumn by the: national)
" T am well aware of haw difficult it is to
pass & _constitutional amemdment. Neverthe
ess, if my judgment the whole question of:
marriage and divorce shamld be relegated to
the authc a of the natiaal congress. At pres
ent the w differences in the laws of the
i £ ‘;fi on this snbf'.ect result in scanm
dals and abuses; and smrely there is noti
§o vitally essential to tite welfare of the ,
ROTIIBE. - | dth\"htch the na‘tion odko th':
ICIIG N row every safeguard, as
home Tife of the avamage citizen. The. ghange
ould be good froms every standpoint. Im par
icular it would be: good because it would con
congrass the rower ag to
deal fadically and efficiently with .'mmy;
and m& done whether os mot mar-
S S o Egd d“:l: with. Tt l:‘ neitlher
safe nor proper: cave e questien polyg
%‘g” dealt with by the several states.
'owes 0 deal with it should be conferred on
the national government. i
- Let, me omee again call the attention of th?
ongress to. two sublecu coneerning which
nave .‘_»t_ly before cosemunicated with
hem: = Omwe is the question of developing
mericam shipping. I trust that a law embody
ng - . bstance the views, or a major part
o - the - vie expressed im the report on this
übjece laid before the house at jts last session
will be passed. I am well aware that in
former_ years objectionable measures have been
proposed in reference to the encouragement of
Ameriean shipping; but it seems to me that the
,%‘_}fi“ is as nearly unobjeetionable
. 1 espegially call your attention te the scc
ond subject, the condition of our currency
laws, The national bank act has ably served
a great purpose in aiding the enormous busi
g evelopment of the country, and within
ten years th has been an increase in circu
lation: per capita from $21.41 to $33.08. For
several y evidence has been accumulating
that additional legislation is needed. The re-
Surrer e of each crop season emphasizes the
defects of the present laws.
"1 do mot press any especial plan. Various
plans have recent n proposed by expert
committees of buxen. .
...} Mmost earnestly hope that the bill to pro
-vide (a_lower tariff for or else absolute free
trade; jg ne products will become a
law. & No harm will come to any American
industry; and while there will be some small
but eal material benefit to the Filipinos, the
main bepefit will come \!“fie showing made as
0 0 pose to do all in our power for the:r]
wel " So far our action in the Philippines
3 SRS BIVE] !"v-—‘».n; oL b’ !
L isa 5 E SeE. HO%n " o mm )
PR sk‘ "5 M»..,.~":-' S, =
" LML Sap, SSOE
e ¢ ; :
- e o g s e : At
g ~:~: ‘ :F“’;%"" < “‘4":‘ Bty
federal treasury. _The administration of the
-affairs of Porto Rico, together with those of
e Philippines, Hawaii and _our other insular
i ssions, should all be directed under one
xecutive department; by grcference. the de
ipartment of state or the department of war.
~ The needs ef Hawaii are peculiar; every
d should be given the islands; and our efforts
should be unceasing to develop them along
\the lines of a community of small_freeholders,
not of great planters with coglie-t:lled_estates.
ISituated as this territory is, in the middie of
hhe Pacific, there are duties imposed upon this
fsmall community which do not fall in like de
| gree or manner upon any other American com
munity. This warrants our treating it dif
‘ferently from the way in which we treat ter
ritories contiguous to or surrounded bz sister
territories or other states, and justifies the
setting aside of a portion of our revenues to
|be expended for eg:cational and internal im
provements therein.
| Alaska’s needs have been partially met, but
there must be a complete reorganization of the
|governmental system, as I have before indi
| cated to you. { ask your especial attention to
[this. Our fellow citizens who dwell on the
|shores of Puget sound with characteristic
|energy are arranging to hold in Seattle the
Alaska Yukon Pacific exposition. Its special
aims include the upbuilding of Alaska and the
development of American commerce on the Pa
cific ocean. This exposition, in its purposes
and scope, should appeal not only to the peo
ple of the Pacific slope, but to the people of the
United States at large, Alaska since 1t was
bought has yielded to the government $11,000,-
000 of revenue, and has produced nearly
£300,000,000 in gold, furs and fish. When
properly developed it will become in large de
gree a land of homes, The countrics border
ing the Pacific ocean have a Kovulatlon more
numerous than that of all the countries of
Europe; their annual foreign commerce
amounts to over $3,000,000,000, of which the
share of the United States is some $700,000,-
000. Tf this trade were thoroughly under
stood and pushed by our manufacturers and
producers, the industries not only of the Pa
cific slope, but of all our country, and partic
ularly of our cotton-growing states, would be
i!rea!{y benefited. Of course, in order to get
these benefits, we must treat fairly the coun
tries with which we trade.
Especially do we need to remember our
duty to the stranger within our gates. It is
the sure mark o?ca low civilization, a low
morality, to abuse or discriminate against or
in any way humiliate such stranger who has
come here lawful% and who is conducting
himself properly. o remember this is incum
bent on every American citizen, and it is of |
course lgeculiar!‘vl incumbent on every govern
ment official, whether of the nation or of the
several states.
I am prompted to say this by the attitude
of hostility here and there assumed toward
the Japanese in this country. This hostility
is sporadic and is limited to a very few places.
Nevertheless, it is most discreditable to us as
a people, and it may be fraught with the
gravest consequences to the nation. To no
other country has there been such an increas
ing number of visitors from this land as to
Japan. In return, _lJ:panesc have come here
in great numbers. ey are *elcome, socially
and intellectually, in afi our colleges and in
stitutions of higher learning, in all our pro
fessional and social bodies. The overwhelm
ing mass of our people cherish a lively regard
and respect for the people of Japan, and in
almost every quarter of the union the stranger
from Japan is treated as he deserves; that is,
he is treated as the stranger from any part
of civilized Europe is and deserves to be
trezted. But here and there a most unworthy
feeling has manifested itself toward the Jap
anese—the feeling that has been shown 1n
shutting them out from the common schools
in San Francisco, and in mutterings against
them in one or two other gl!accs. because of
their efficiency as workers, o shut them out
from the public schools is a wicked absurdity,
when there are no firstclass colleges in the
land. including the universities and colleges
of California, which do not gladly welicome
Japanese students and on which Japanese stu
dents do not reflect credit. I ask fair treat
ment for theGJeapanese as I would ask fair
treatment for Germans or Eng!ishment, French
men, Russians, or Italians. ask it as due to
humanity and civilization. I ask it as due to
ourselves because we must act uprightly toward
all men.
Last A.ug'u_st an insurrection broke out in
Cuba which it speedily grew evident that the
| existing_Cuban government was powerless to
quell. This government was repeatedly asked
If boys and girls are trained merely in literary.
accomplisbments, to the total exclusion of. in
dustrial, manual and tecimical training, the
tendency is- to unfit them for imhnm'ia.lK work
and to make them reluctant to go into it, or
unfitted to do well if they do go into it. Ehfi
is. a tesdémey, which: shomld' be \
combated. Our industrial development: 4
largely. upon_technical edheation, including in
this. terpm: all] industrial: sdpeation, froem that
which fits.a man to be a.good mechanic, a,good
‘carpenter, or blacksmithy to that which fits a
man to.do the greatest menn. . feats. The
skilled; mechanic, the led workman, can
;be:it become such by tachnical industrial edu
'cation.
|__The department of agriculture hass broken.
new Emd in many, ditections, andi year. by
'year it finds how it can improve itss methods
"nd( develop. fresh: usefnlness. Its; constant:
by the then Cuban _m&rnmnt; to ihtemnet
fand fimally was noti by. the president. a
Cuba that he intended t{) resign;- thet: none aff
the other constitutional officers. would con
‘sent to carry on the government, and that he
wag powerless to. maeintain order. It was evi
‘desst: that. chaos, was. impend lnfg. Thanks: te
the prerredueu of our navy. I was able im
| tely. to send! enough: ships te. Cuba. te
t the situation from becau‘nf haopelesss
In accordance with the socalled Plain
ndment, whicth was embodied in the com
itution of Cuba, I proclaimed’ a provisional
vernment; fosr the islanld‘.. e aecretur?. af
‘war acting as provisional gawernor untill he
could be replaced by Mr. Magoon; tr
were sent to, support them and to relievg,-m
navy, the expedition being. #andled with, most
ju_tgsfactoryv speed and é%@ency; The:
'visional gowernment has left the rsonm{ of
the old gowernment and the old ?:ws. go far
as might be, unchanged, and will tims ad
minister, the island for a few montjls until
tmth.{em be restored, a new election
properly; held, and a new governmenf inaugu
rated. Peace has come in the island; and the
harvcstm% of the sugar-cane crop, the great
cro_lp of the island, is about to proaeed.
he United States wishes nothing of Cuba
m that it shel§ prosper qmd? and ma
y, and wishes nothing: of the Cubans save
that mex shall be able to preserve order
jamong themselves and therefore to preserve
‘thenr independenge. If the eleggions become a
\farce, and if the insurrectiemary habit be
|comes confirmed in the islaed, it is abso
lutel{ out of the questiom that the island‘
should continwe independent; and the United
States, whick has assumed the sponsorship he- |
fore the civdlized wosld fior Cuba’s career a&a‘]
nation, would again have to intervene and to|
see that the govermment was managed in h
orderly fashion as to secure the safety ofifie
and praperty. o
In m parts of Seuth America there has
been misunderstanding of the attitude
and purposes of the United States teoward the
other American republics. An idea had be
come prevalent that our assertipn of the
Monroe doctrine implied or casried with it
lan assumption of superiority amd of a right
to exercise some kind of psetectorate oves
'the countries to whose territory that doctrifie
applies, Nothing could be farther from the
truth. Yet that impressioa continued to be a
serious - barrier to goo@ understanding, to
friendly intercourse, te the introd?’nn of
American u{_ital and the extension Ameri
can trade. The impression was so widespread
that apparently it eould not be recached by any
ordinary means. v
It was part ef Secretary Root's mission to
dispel this unfounded impressien, and there
is 10:% cause to believe that he has succeeded.
have just returned from a trip to Panama
and shall report to yeun at length later on
the whole subject of the Panama canal.
The destruction of the Pribilof islands fur
seals by pelagic sealin still continues, The
regulations have rrowg plainly inadequate to
accomplish the objeet of protection and preser
vation of the fur seals, and for a long time
this government has been trying in vain to
secure from Great Britain such revision and
modification ~of the re; alations as were con:
te g i provided for by the award of
X PEAER B e TT s
seen Boawd ;; ety taisat
_7 ibed by the é:i e i’i’;":‘?%.‘"v”
paid no attention either to the close season or
to the sixty-mile limit imposed upon the Cana
dians, and have prosecuted their work up to
the very islands themselves.
We have not relaxed our efforts to secure an
agreement with Great Britain for adequate
protection of the seal herd, and negotiations
with Japan for the same purpose are in
progress,
In case we are compelled to abandon the
hope of making arrangements with other gov
ernments to put an end to the hideous cruelty
now incident to pelagic sealing, it will be a
question for 10“1’ serious consideration hew
far we shou!d continue to protect and main
tain the seal herd on land with the result of
continuing such a practice, and whether it
is mot hetter to end the practice by extermi
nating the herd ourselves in the most humane
way nossible,
The United States navy is the surest guar
antor of peace which this country possesses.
It is earnestly to be wished that we would
orofit by ilie t=achings of history in this mat
ter. A strong and wise peos_"e ‘."!.'! .'f“‘!)'"'!‘..‘,
own failures no less thaii it 3 triumphs, for
there is wisdom to be learned from the study
of both, of the mistake as well as of the suc
cess,
I do not ask that we contlnue to increase
our navy. I ask merely that it be maintained
at its Frescm strength; and this can be done
only if we replace the obsolete and outworn
ships by new and good ones, the equals of
any afloat in any navy. To ston building ships
for one year means that for that year the
navy goes back instead of forward. The old
battleship Texas, for instance, would now be
of little service in a stand-us ftht with a
powerful adverscry. The ol ouble-turret
monitors have ouiworn their usefulness, while
it was a waste of money to build the modern
single-turret monitors. All these ships should
be replaced by others; and this can be done
by a well-settled program of providing for the
building cach year of at least one first-class
battleship equal in size and speed to any that
any nation is at the same time building.
Another small revolution has broken
out in Ecuador.
There will be not tariff revision this
session of congress.
Dr. Lapponi, physician to the pope,
has cancer of the stomach.
The Harriman system has decided to
build its own refrigerator cars. 1
Great Britain will give France and
Spain a free hand to pacify Morocco.
Christmas gifts sent to United States
soldiers in Cuba will not be subject to
duty.
The Wells, Fargo Express company
will advance the wages of its employes
within the next 30 days.
A house committee is considering a
bill which provides for a rate of 2 cents
per mile on ail railways of the United
States.
Russia and Japan are building up
their forces and another war is likely
when one or both recover from the
effects of the recent struggle.
The Interstate Commerce commission
will this month commence an investi
gation of the Harriman lines., the
board believing the laws have been
broken.
Senator Cullom wants an amendment
to the constitution providing for a six
year term for the president and vice
president and that they shall not be
' eligible for re-eletion.
NB: 33..
THE REASON WHY
Bourne Should Not
Be Elected U,
S. Senator
The Naw; Age has: said before and it
now says again that it does not be
lieve that the next legialature will
eleck J; Bourwe, Jr., ta the United
States senate. It has heen said that
\OJ_IT opposivon: to Me. Bourne is ins
, pired. by prejudice, and that we can
give no good reasen for oppesing him
singe ke was regularly named by the
republican voters for the effice,
| We opposed Mr. Boysne during the
primarieg for the reason that we knew
him to be unfit {or the high office to
which he aspired.
First—That he ig not a loyal and
c:?ument republican.
Segond—That he ig a traitor and
political black-leg.
Third—That he could not be depend
ed upon to support Roosevelt.
T, o e
| populism overshadowed ihe cofintry ln
|1906. But ag a true and loyal upub-l
| lican would have put self aside and
|rendered whatever service he could
for his party and his republican
friends, If Bourne’s will had prevailed
|and Bryan had been elected who can
; say that there would have been today
la strong, invincible republican party
flln Oregon to honor him for his perfidy.
l' The jegiclative session of 1895 was
E the most spectacular in the ~.o-2=v of
E Oregon and the King Pin of that ses
| sion was J. Bourne Jr., whose mal-
E odorous record is even yet a stench in
l the nostrils of decent people. With a
| goodly supply of money and other cor
rupting influences the trick of thwart
ing the will of the people and debauch
ing the honor of the citizenry was the
special mission of thig political monte
bank, who, now, ten short years after
ward, has the brazen affrontery to geek
this high and honorable position at
the hands of the party, whose murder
he conspired to bring about.
lr! the light of the past record of
‘Mr. Bourne, who is so unsuspecting as
to trust him in the future? Doeg any
one who knows him, save his hired
henchmen, think for a minute that he
can be depended upon to stand up for
republican principles and policies in
the United States senate, and to up
hold the hands of life-long, true and
tried republican leaders in that body,
and to “stand pat” with the party’s
lmatch!eu leader, mose profound
stateman, patriot and humanitarian
islru:o the days of Lincoln—Theodore
IRoooovelt. . ‘

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