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The new age. [volume] (Portland, Or.) 1896-1905, December 22, 1906, Image 1

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yer.. XI.
D. R. PEELER, Pres,, F. J. LEBERT, V. Pres., R. E. WEBSTER, Cash., W. D. LAWSON, A. Cash.
Trensacts a general vanking business. Drafts issued, available in all cities of the United
“Etates snd Europe, Hong Kong and Manila. Collections made on favorable terms.
LADD & TILTON, Bankers Portland, Oregon
Established in 1859. Transact a General Banking Business. Interest allowed on time de
i»osits. Collections made at all points on favorable terms. Letters of Credit issued available in
furope and the Eastern States. Sight Exchange and Telegraphic Transfers sold on New York,
“Washington, Chicago, St Louis, Denver, Omaha, San Francisco and various Xoints in Oregon,
"Washington, Idaho, Montana and British Columbia. Exchange sold on London, Paris, Berlin,
Frankfort and Hong Kong.
*J. €. AINSWORTH, President. W. B. AYER, Vice-President. R. W. SCHMEER, Cashier
A. M. WRIGHT, Assistant Cashier.
Transacts a general banking business. Drafts issued, available in all cities of the United
States and Europe, Hong Kong and Manila. Collections made on favorable terms.
Capital, fully paid up, $25,000.00. Surplus and undivided profits, $3,000.00.
Commenced Business June 5, 1905.
OFFICERS: J. W. FORDNEY, President; R.T.PLATT, Vice President: C. A. WOOD. Cashier.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS: J. W. Fordney, R. T. Platt, F. C. Knapp, W. A. Brewer, H. L. Powers,
Thos. Cochran, M. L. Holbrook, C. A. Wood.
“Oldest Bank in the State of Waskington.”
Capital $200,000 Surplus and undivided
Deposits $7,530,000 BAN KERS profits, $425,000
Accounts of Northwest Pacific Banks solicited upon terms which will grant to them the
most liberal accommodaiions ccn-istent with their talances and responsibilities. Wm. M.
Ladd, President; N. H. Latimer, Manager; M. W. Pe erson, Cashier. Seaitle, Waskington.
kstablished 1882. Collections promptly made and remitted.
Capital, $500,000
Surplus, $1,000,000 Deposits, $13,000,000
FIRST NATIONAL BANK of North Yakima, Wash.
Capital and Surplus $130,000 00
President Vice President Cashier Assistant Cashier
Walla Walla, Washington. (First National Bank in the State.)
Transacts a General Banking Business.
LEV]IANKENY, President. A. H., REYNOLDS. Vice President. A. R. BURFORD, Cashier
Capltal $200,000 Surplus $200,000 '.
OFFICERSB—Chester Thorne, President: Arthur Albertson, Vice President and Cashier;
Frederick A. Rice, Assistant cashier: Delbert A. Younyg. Assistant Cashier
JNO, C. AINSWORTH, Pres. JNO. 8. BAKER, Vice Pres. P.C. KAUFFMAN, 2d Vice Pres.
A. G. PRICHARD, Cashier. F. P, HASKELL, JR., Assistant Cashier.
General Banking CAPITAL AND SURPLUS, $390,000 Safe Deposit Vaults
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT: Interest at the Rate of 3 per cent per Annum, Credited Semi-Annually
CHAS. E. SCRIBER, Cashier. D. C. WOODWARD, Asst. Cashicr.
Capital, £120,000.00
Traneacts a general banking business.
Washington and ldaho items.
Moorehead, Minnesota
President Vice President Cashier Asst. Cashier
Interest Paid on Time Deposits
FIRST NATIONAL BANK of East Grand Forks, Minn,
Farm Loans Negotiated. Fire and Cyclone Insuranez Writien. Does a
General Banking Busidess.
Capital, £O,OOO E. ARNESON, Pre:. G. R. JACOBI Cashier
4 Per Cent Interest Paid on Time Deposits
CAPITAL, 500,000 SURPLUS 725,000
U. S. Government Depositary.
President Cashier Agrst. Cashier Asst, Cashier
La Grande National Bank "5855%
Capital and Surplus, $120,000
DIRECTORS: J. M. Berry, A. B. Conley. F. J. Holmes, F. M. Byrxit, F. L. Meyers, Geo. L
Cleaver, Geo. Palmer.
Heating, Ventilating and Drying Engineers
PHONE EAST 26 i : 287 E. MORR S(.)N 1.
COAL—Rock Springs, Diamond, Richmond, Roslyn, New Cas
tle, New Castle Nut, Franklin, Carbon Hill, Coke.
WOOD—4-Foot Fir, 4-Foot Oak, 4-Foot Ash, Sawed Oak,
Sawed Fir, Sawed Ask, Sawed Knots.
The Merchants National Bank
Capital, $1,000,000.00 ' Surplus, $500,000.00
Transacts a general banking business. Correspondence invited
OFFICERS—-KENNETH CLARK, President; GEO. H. PRINCE, Vice President; H. W.
PARKER, Cashier; H. VAN VLECK, Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS—Crawford Li\'lngs(on, Kenneth Clark, J. H. Skinner, Louis W. Hill, Geo. H,
Prince, C. d. Bigelow, R.D. Noyes, V. M. Watkins, L. P. Ordway, F. B. Kellogg, E. N. Saunders.
Thomas A.Marlow, W. B. Parsons, J .M. Hannaford, Charles P. Noyes.
Special facilities for handling Eastern
Of St. Paul, Minnesota
President Sends Communication
to Congress on Jap (Question.
The following communication has
been transmitted to both houses of Con
gress by the President:
“I inclose herewith for your informa
tion the final report made to me per
sonally by Secretary Metcalf on the sit
uation affecting the Japanese in San
Francisco. The report deals with three
matters of controversy—first, the ex
clusion of the Japanese children from
the San Francisco schools; second, the
boycotting of Japanese restaurants, and,
third, acts of \violence committed
against the Japanese
““As to the first matter, I call your
:special attention to the very small
aumber of Japanese c¢hildren who at
tend school, to the testimony as to
the brightness, cleanliness and good be
navior of these Japanese children in the
schools, and to the fact that, owing to
their being scattered throughout the
city, the requirement for them all to
20 to one special school is impossible
)f fulfillment and means that they can
not have school facilities. Let me point
out further that there would *be no ob
jection whatever to excluding from the
schools any Japanese on the score of
age. It is obviously not desirable that
young men should go to school with
children. The only point is the exclu
sion of the children themselves. The
number of Japanese children attending
the public schools in San Francisco was
very small. The government has al
ready directed that suit be brought to
test the constitutionality of the act in
question; but my very earnest hope is
that such suit will not be necessary,
ind that as a matter of comity the citi
zens of San Francisco will refuse to de
prive these young Japanese children of
education and will permit them to go to
the schools. i e
“The question as to the violence
against the Japanese iS most admirably
put by Secretary Metcalf, and 1 have
nothing to add to his statement. 1 am
entirely confident that, as Secretary
Metcalf says, the overwhelming senul
ment of the state of California is for
law and order and for the protection of
the Japanese in their persons and prop
erty. Both the chief of police and the
acting mayor of San Francisco assured
Secretary Metcalf that everything pos
sible would be done to protect the Jap
anese in the city. 1 authorized and di
rected Secretary Metcalf to state that
if there was failure to protect persons
ind property, then the entire power of
the Federal government within the lim
its of the constitution would be used
promptly and vigorously to enforce the
observance of our treaty, the supreme
law of the land, which treaty guaran
teed to Japanese residents everywhere in
the Union full and perfect protection
for their persons and property; and to
this end everything in my power would
be done, and all the forces of the United
States, both civil and military, which
[lcouéd llawful.lllly emlp;laoy :v;:fid bf em
ployed. call especial attention to %
concluding sentence’ of -éefl-etary Met
calf's report of November 26, 1906.”
- » Secretary M%calfs report is ad
dressed to the President under date of
November 26 last, and in part is as fol
“In my previous report I said noth
ing as to the causes leading up to the
action of the school board in passing
the resolution of October 11, and the
affect of such action upon Japanese
children, residents of the city of San
Francisco, desiring to attend the public
schools of that city. A report on this
matter will now be made.
“It seems that for several vears the
board of education of San Francisco had
been considering the advisability of es
tablishing separate schools for Chinese,
Japanese and Corean children, and on
f\i:;\.y 6, 1905, passed the following reso
* ‘Resolved, That the board of educa
tion is determined in its efforts to ef
fect the establishment of separate
schools for Chinese and Japanese pupils,
not only for the purpose of relieving the
ongestion at present prevailing in our
schools, but also for the higher end
that our children should not be placed
in any position where their youthful im
oressions may be affected byf gsociation
with pupils of the Mongoli Jace.’
“And on October 11 the ¥ d&rd passed
the’ following resolution:
‘ ‘Resolved, That in accordance with
irticle X, section 1662, of the school
'aw of California, principals are hereby
lirected to send all Chinese, Japanese
)r Corean children to the Oriental pub
lic school, situated on the south. side
of Clay street, between Powell and Ma
son streets, on and after Monday, Oc
tober 15, 1906.
“The action of the board in the pass
-Ige of the resolutions of May 6, 1905,
ind October 11, 1906, was undoubtedly
‘argely influenced by the activity of
the Japanese and Corean Exclusion
league, an organization formed for the
purpose of securing enactment by the
congress of the United States of a law
2xtending the provisions of the exist
ing Chinese exclusion act so as to ex
clude Jananese and Coreans.
“The number of schools in San Fran
*isco prior to Anril 18 was 76. Of this
number 28 primary or grammar schools
ind two high schools were destroyed by
fire, and one high school was destroyed
by earthquake, leaving 45 schools. Since
April 18, 27 temporary structures have
been erected, making theé total number
_}f: school buildings at the present time
“The Oriental school, the school set
apart for the Chinese, Japanese and Co
rean children, is in the burned section.
There is only one Japanese student at
tending this school at the present time,
ind there are no Japanese children at
tending any of the other public schools.
[ visited the Oriental school in com
nany with the Japanese consul and
found it to compare favorably with
many of the new temporary structures
2rected in the city. The course of in
struction is exactly the same as at the
yther wbpublic schools, and competent
teachers are assigned for duty in this
school, Nearly all of the pupils at
tending this school have to be taught
the English language.
‘ “I found the sentiment in the state
very strong against Japanese young
' nen attending the primary grades. Many
'f the people were outspoken in their
ondemnation of this course, saying
hat they would take exactly the same
stand against American young men of
similar ages attending " the primary
rrades. 1 am frank to say that this
ohjection seems to me a most reasonable
me. All of the political parties in the
~tate have inserted in their platforms
planks in favor of Japanese and Co
rean exclusion, and on March 7, 1905, the
state legislature passed a joint resolu
tiop urging that action be taken by
treary or otherwise to limit and dimin
ish the further immigntlon of Japan
ese laborers into the United States.
“The press of San Francisco pretty
generally upholds the action of the
board of education. Of the attitude of
the more violent and radical newspapers
it is unnecessary to speak further than
to say that their tone 11! the usual tone
of hostility to ‘Mongol hordes,’ and the
burden of their claim is that Japanese
are no better than Chinese, and that
the same reasons which dictated the ex
clusion of the Chinese call for the ex
clusion of the Japanese as well. |
“The temper and tone of the more
conservative newspapers may better be
illystrateq by an e
pitome of their ar
gument wupon the public school ques
:“”‘u That urgumnent practicaliy is as
ollows: ‘The public schols of California
?‘n a state and not a Federal institu-
On.. The state has the power to abol
ish those schools entirely, and the Fed
eral government would have no right
to lift its voice in protest, Upon the
other hand, the state may extend the
privileges of its schools to aliens upon
such terms as it, the state, may elect,
and the Federal government has no
right to question its action in this re
gard. Primarily and essentially the
public schools are designed for the edu
cation of the citizens of the state. The
state is interested in the education of
its own citizens alone. It would not
for a moment maintain this expensive
institution to educate foreigners and
aliens who would carry to their coun
tries the fruits of such education. There
fore, if it should be held that there was
a_discrimination operating in violation
of the treaty with Japan in the state's
treatment of Japanese children, or even
if a new treaty with Japan should be
framed which ‘would contain on behalf
of Jaganese subjects the ‘most-favored
nation’ clause, this could and would be
met by the state, which would then ex
clude from the use of its public schools
all alien children of every nationality
and limit the rights of free education to
children of its own citizens, for whom
the system is primarily designed and
maintained, and if the state should do
this the Federal government could not
:omplain, since no treaty right could be
violated when the children of Japanese
were treated precisely as the children
of gll foreign nations.
_ “The feeling in the state is further
intensified, especially in labor circles,
by the report on the conditions in the
Hawaiian islands as contained in Bul
letin 66 of the Bureau of Labor, De
partment of Commerce and Labor. The
claim is made that white labor has been
almost entirely driven from the Ha
waiian islands, and that the Japanese
are Rradualy forcing even the small
white traders out of business.
* “Many of the foremost educators in
the state, on the other hand, are strong
ly opposed to the action of the San
Francisco board of education. Japan
ese are admitted to the University of
California, an institution maintained
and supported by the state. They are
also admitted to, and gladly welcomed
at, Stanford University. San Francisco,
80 lar as known, is the only city which
pas disceriminated against Japanese chil
dren. 1 talked with a number of promi-
Ext labor men, and they all said that
2y had no objection to Japanese chil
%:n attending the primary grades; that
they wanted Japanese children now in
the United States” to have the same
school privileges as children of other
nations, but that they were unalterably
osed to Japanese young men attend
the ogflmary grades,
“The jection te Japanese men at
fidinx the primary grades could very
readily be met by a simple rule limit
| the ages of all children attending
tasc ?ad” All of the teachers with
whom I talked while in San Francisco
spoke in the highest terms of the Jap
anese children, saying that they were
imong the very best of their pupils,
:F:nlvf in their persons, well behaved,
studious, and remarkably bright.
.‘*The board of education of San Fran
isco declined to rescind its resolution
if October 11, claiming that, having es
tablished a sepai rate school for Chinese,
apanese ‘and Corean children, the pro
";; -ofi se jon-16 z"ot the political
20de, HecC: PR W e e
_,,.‘Z‘,m_._?‘;':m of Japar “&\ fttending ?nblzg
schodls 1n San Francisco as mention
n the foregoing communication:
Numhber of pupils ...... .50 L ono 008
Number of schools they attended..... 23
Number of pupils at—
B O Gl oiy
RO Al eil i
B O it it RS e
S VU O . o%sco vsvnvsssrraense §
N . O e sßas sMR S e v el
B S B . . e e v e e o
BVRBL i v e §
8 DI G .. v aiasvssiaidasevnni: Y
S U R ey
B 0 S B . ciads e e s R
B T 2 Sl e Y e e !2
B DN B i e ese e S
I 8 YRPE Ol oivo oo irrarve v s 3
SE YRR O ..o covivioonssaeanerce B
Number of pupils at— 5
IR BYRBR .. s csharrmrdaens S
Second grade lg
RO PR L e s e
TR W Ll s e e el
DT RS .l e eae s B
Bt R BvlE (i ds od
SR Rl i T
BN B iet
Number of pupils born in—
ORI .v i na ey ae e
BN Statell ... - iidieieesvah oA
Number of—
BN e L R
PR e e S e S T
“A boycott was maintained in San
francisco from October 3 to October 24_
oy members of the Cooks and Waiters
['nion against Japanese restaurants do-
Ing business in that city. Nearly all of
the leaders of labor organizations in
San Francisco interviewed on this sub
ject disclaimed any knowledge of any
formal action being taken for the boy
rotting of these restaurants.
“As a matter of fact, a most effect
ive boycott was maintained against
nearly all of the Japanese restaurants
located in San Francisco for at least
three weeks. Pickets were stationed in
front of these restaurants and every ef
fort was made to prevent people from
patronizing them. At times stones were
thrown and windows broken, and in one
pr twe instances the proprietors of the
restaurants were struck by these stones.
“l am satisfied, from inquiries made
by me and from statements made to
me by the Japanese restaurant keepers,
that the throwing of stones and break
ing of windows was not done by the men
picketing the restaurants, but by young
men and boyvs who had gathered in front
of the restaurants as soon as the boycott
was instituted.
“Assaults have from time to time
been made upon Japanese subjects resi
dent in the city of San Francisco. I
was informed by the chief of police that
upon receipt of a communication from
the Japanese consul he at once instruct
ed captaing of police to make every ef
fort to stop these assaults, and, if nec
essary, to assign men in citizens' clothes
to accomplish the purpose,
“These attacks, so I am informed,
with but one exception were made when
no policeman was in the immediate
neighborhood. Most of them were made
by boys and young men; many of them
werce vicious in character, and only one
appears to have been made with a view
of robbing the persons attacked. All
these assaults appear to have been made
subsequent to the fire and earthquake
‘n San Francisco, and my attention was
not called to any assaults made prior to
the 18th day of April. 1906 .
I know that these assaults upon the
'apanese are universally condemned by
11l good citizens of California. For
months the citizens of San Francisco
and Oakland have been terrorized by
numerous murders, assaults and rob
beries, both at day and night. The po
lice have been powerless. The assaults
upon the Japanese, however, were not
made, in my judgment, with a view of
robbery, but rather from a feeling of
racial hostility, stirred up possibly by
newspaper accounts of meetings that
have been held at different times rela
tive to the exclusion of Japanese from
the United States.
While the sentiment of the state of
California, as manifested by the public
utterances of the Japanese and Corean
Exclusion league, by articles in many
of the leading newspapers in the state,
by declarations of the political parties
in their platforms, and by the passage
of a joint resolution by the state legis
lature on March 7, 1905, is.in favor of
the exclusion of Japanese coolies, yet
the overwhelming sentiment in the state
is for law and order and for the pro
tection of Japanese in their persons and
their property.
“The chief of police of the city of San
Francisco, as also the acting mayor of
the city, assured me that everything
possible would be done to protect the
Japanese subjects in San Francisco, and
they urgently requested that all cases
of assault and all violations of law af
fecting the Japanese be at once reported
to the chief of police,
“I impressed very strongly upon the
acting mayor of the city, as also upon
the chief of police, the gravity of the
situation, .and told them that, as offi
cers charfed with the enforcement of
the law and the protection of property
and person, yvou looked to them to see
that all Japanese subjects resident in
San Francisco were afforded the full
protection guaranteed to them by our
treaty with Japan. |
“If, therefore, the police power of San
Francisco: is not sufficient to meet the
situation and guard and protect Japan
ese residents in San Francisco, to whom
under our treaty with th;_an we guar
antee ‘full and perfect protection for
their persons and property,’ then, it
seems to me, it is clearly the duty of
the Federal government to afford such
protection. All considerations which
may move a nation, every consideration
of duty in the preservation of our treaty
obligations, every consideration orompt
ed by 50 years or more of close friend
ship with the empire of Japan, would
unite in demanding, it seems to me, of
the United States government and all
its people, the fullest protection and the
highest consideration for the subjects of
Four rich Nebraskans have been con
victed of land frauds.
Oregon miners will ask the next leg
islature for a state mining inspector.
Railroad men and shippers attribute
much of the car shortage to excessive
Creditors of Zion City are making
strenuous efforts to get affairs of the
Dowie city settled.
The pope has sent a protest against
the French church policy to all the
papal representatives abroad.
The San Francisco school board ac
cuses Roosevelt of meddling and mis
representation in the Japanese ques
C. A. Prouty, of Vermont, member
of the Interstate commission, says
freight rates will soon be reduced all
over the country.
Hilary Herbert, ex-secretary of the
Navy, says the president did nothing
more in the discharge of the negro
troops than Grant and Lee both did.
Testimony heard by the Interstate
Commerce commission indicates that
traftic conditions are much worse in the
South than in any other part of the
country. ; N
. In its annual report the Panama
Canal commiission says preliminary
work has been+ completed and actual
construction of the canal will go for
ward rapidly.
The Chinese famine 18 growing
There is a move to put a British
prince on the Servian throne.
All Italian shipping has been tied up
by the general strike of seamen.
At Norflok,N eb., the temperature is
3 below zero with coal at $2O per ton.
Japanese warships will avoid San
Francisco for a time lest the Maine dis
aster recur.
Butter—Fancy creamery, 30@35c¢.
Eggs—Oregon ranch, 35¢ per dozen.
Poultry—Average old hens, 11@12¢
per pound; mixed chickens, 11@12c;
spring, 11@12¢; old roosters, 9@ll¢;
dressed chickens, 14 @ 15¢; turkeys,
live, 17 @ 17%¢; -.turkeys, dressed,
choice, 20@22¢; geese, live, 10c;
ducks, 15@16¢.
Fruits — Apples, common t 6 choice,
50@75¢ per box; choice to fancy, sl@
2.50; pears, $1 @ 1.50; cranberries,
[email protected] per barrel; persimmons,
$1.50 per box.
Vegetables — Turnips, 90c@$1 per
sack; carrots, 90c@$1 per sack; beets,
[email protected] per sack; horseradish, 9@
10¢ per pound; sweet potatoes, 2% @
23 ¢ per pound; cabbage, IY4@l%e¢
per pound; cauliflower. $1.25 per doz
en; celery, [email protected] per crate; lettuce,
head, 30¢ per dozen; onions, 10@12%¢
per dozen; pumpkins, I'3¢ per pound;
spinach, 4@sc¢ per pound; squash 1@
114¢ per pound.
Onions — Oregon, 75¢($1 per hun
dred. |
Potatoes — Oregon Burbanks, fancy, |
$1(21.10; common, 75(x85¢.
Wheat — Club, 656 66¢; bluestem,
67(w68¢; valley, 66(67¢; red, 63c.
Oats — No. 1 white, $25(2 26; gray,
$24 5000 25.
Barley — Feed, $21(a21.50 per ton;
brewing, $22.50; rolled, $22.50(x24.
Rye—sl.4o(al.4s per cwt.
. €orn—Whole, $26; cracked, $27 per
Hay—Valley timothy, No. 1, sll@
12 per ton; Eastern Oregon timothy,
$14(@16; clover, s7@B; cheat, $7.50
(/8.50; grain hay, [email protected]; alfalfa,
$11.50; vetch hay, [email protected].
Veal—Dressed, 5% (@Bc per pound.
Beef — Dressed bulls, I@2c¢ per
pound; cows, 4(@ s¢; country steers,
S@blg. -
Mutton — Dressed, fancy, B@9¢ per
pound: ordinary, 6@ 7c.
Pork—Dressed, 6(« 8¢ per pound.
Hops—ll(zls¢ per pound, according
to quality.
Wool—Eastern Oregon average best,
13(@18¢, according to shrinkage; val
ley, 20@,23e, according to fineness; mo
hair, choice, 26( 28¢.
Bourne Should Not
Be Elected U.
S. Senator
The New Age has said before and it
NoOw says again that it does not be
lieve that the next legislature will
elect J. Bourne, Jr.,, to the United
States senate. It has been said that
our opposition to Mr. Bourne is in
spired by prejudice, and that we can
give no good reason for opposing him
since he'wan regularly named by the
republican voters for the office.
We opposed Mr. Bourne during the
primaries for the reason that we knew
him to be unfit for the high office to
which he aspired.
First—That he is not a loyal and
consistent republican.
Second—That he is a traitor and
political black-leg.
Third—That he could not be depend
ed upon to support Roosevelt. L
If he had been a loyal and consistent
republic,:an he ‘would not havcdf;“fi“
his party in the hour of its dire dis
tress, when.the biight of Bryanism and
populism overshadowed the country in
1906. But as a true and loyal repub
lican would have put self aside and
rendered whatever service he could
for his party and his republican
friends, If Bourne’s will had prevailed
and Bryan had been elected who can
say that there would have been today
a strong, invincible republican party
in Oregon to honor him for his perfidy.
The legislative session of 1895 was
the most spectacular in the history of
Oregon and the King Pin of that ses
sion was J. Bourne Jr., whose mal
odorous record is even yet 3 stench in
the nostrils of decent people. With a
goodly supply of money and o\t’her cor
rupting influences the trick of thwart
ing the will of the people and debauch
ing the honor of the citizenry was the
special mission of this political monte
bank, who, now, ten short years after
ward, has the brazen affrontery to seek
this high and honorable position at
the hands of the party, whose murder
he conspired to bring about.
In the light of the past record of
Mr. Bourne, who is so unsuspecting as
to trust him in the future? Doesg any
one who knows him, save his hired
henchmen, think for a minute that he
can be depended upon to stand up for
republican principles and policies in
the United States senate, and to up
hold the hands of life-long, true and
tried republican leaders in that body,
and to “stand pat” with the party’s
matchless leader, mose profound
stateman, patriot and humanitarian
since the days of Lincoln—Theodore
NO. 35

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