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sV if 1 HAWAIIAN GAZETTE. J. MOTT SMITH." Director of the Government Press. UUXOLVU" : WKDXBSHAY, M.ft: 6. 1SSS. BY AUTHORITY. Notice is hereby given, that Hen. A. M. Ka nalcwai has placed bos resigaatwa ia the hands cr llts Msjesty the Km;, which Ha Msje.ty has t-rn picMjl; pleased t mcecp. I". W. HrrcHisov. ll.OOr. .IfrUS". I1. MtoLWr.fUl.rwr Is it wise aad prudent. all points cuasid - ered, for cs to do anything towards secnr - ing frequent steam communication with Saa Francfcco T Fast experience has de - mnnetraieil. that neither the rood wishes t(wBtt.(rriUl?( "Prfftfc. greatest good ofj arguinenl vet brougat to near upon iwi - gress. U toficient to caare the estabbsh- meat et a steam Hue to ear tskutds.sach as ousht to be bid on, in order to be of any nateral aid to our business, or enhance ment of our commercial prosperity. The business of San Fraseisco with these islands wiH not be quickened or de pressed by the mode of carrying; it makes no difference with her merchants whether our produce is tea days or twenty days on the passage ever the loss of time, inter est, insurance, and risk beirtg wholly with Ker will tkev derive any advantage from ottjekeaed cotaraanicaUoa. br iu tenden-! 'stand U stlU moved by slistt ribntioas. . , . .,riThre was a smart shock felt U Kohala on ct to draw capitaL popobtwa, vr any oil .... . .... ' . , i ThursdsT, also the same dar a slight vibra- the aids to material prosperity from our u uenolulu. isktads to their own shores, tlesce we Heace we may safely coscrade that d&foroei, sure ' of beig the natural market for our pro- dects. is quite indifferent whether they j rwieh her br steam or br sal i The erAuea kg prevalent m the Urn- " r -r ted Mates, that nehborbood makes these lUb-U ufnimswral imiwrtaace to them iskunis ol cooHHercal tmportaace to teem, aad otter coosidemtieos of a general na- ture.&I Wiuce Coress to order tlut the great TrxiS-PactSc line to China should toh at Ueeotdk. StiK titer, these rea-, , L-i . l .1, sobs nosed a satewr to be granted to- ... r . w-ards-estabfebag a terminal hse. Both . m ' ' u ot taesttws,as engwiay pu.-eu. contain-, ed rvgautMMM as te the uequeacy of trips, which, taoozh net all that could be deir- a .uument of what I obeerred there, ed ns. were seScieat U be the proause f m here at once that I started from r UUo, with a few fnends, for Kllauea April ard gueniea f better thiecs in the future ; in a; deceruied the crater on the l$th; ex it vel Beeat of a steam-eoaawnid- 'f JSt1 nf"th Puna r .. road o the 20th : the so called mod flowou tion which should aderd ss aM the help : the 2tst, and the lava stream in Kakukn on and becefit te be derived &sts snch a coc aectioo. Bat hardly had these two laws passed degress ere they began to be changed; the provbiea in one was repeal ed altogether, the other so modified, that hower it mar meet the seeds of Cafifor- ninas. is c-et at aM eqsal t oar Becessities. , ... , , Oa4y ee dedsctwa caa be drawn from this bit of atenm-coaacKcitioB-history. it ' is. that the interest of the American peo- rl ia ns i not tirw pnac-h to Hduce pletaos fc not urge enaagn to cuce either Cosgtess or the CaSfcrnsans te pay al the bdfs foe keeptsj up request trips , of steamers oa this roate, rser do titer pro- , , . , , , pose te saddle themselves with the nader- tjjg ' , , ! e may deduce a Ettle more, that bar-1 et granted a subtly for two rears and - e - fooad an American company wMSsg to try it should the rocte prove fimineiaHy dis astroas it wilt require on great persua sion, for Congress to annul the contract aiteeether. There ts no .substantial rea- son. at present, why American capital or American pabfc funds shookl be lost on this steam route. 1 u 1 -. "'"i r meat war oar neignoors sneaia nesp us aay more, it is to prepW the res-1 ties, can we help oarselves, and is it pru dent td so! Steam commnnication with iraa Fras cisco is a desirable thing. Its estabSsh ment may interfere at first with ether pri vate interests, but in the leng- run its ben efits will accrue to aM, and its stimulus be felt in aE kinds ef business. Trips once in six weeks, aK that is now required by Congress, are rather a disadvantage than otherwise to as. Trips once in twentr days voual enable as te derive the practi- , . . .... cu.rciieuM mi we ueixe- There can be no expectation that Con- . , . ... . gress wul raise- their subsidy la increase the frequency of trips, nor can anr caJca- , . , 1 Iaiioc shear that onr trade wm warrant ,1 .,- . . the putting- of another steamer 80 the route by the company at- their own, risk. ' r, ,. . . -r . f. r- Careful analysis of the Collector eneraTs titles for 1S6T Shows that the ireijflt rat-. transformed into a vast pit, more than SCO . . . ; feet deep, tile soEd eastern wail projecting ue at iS-OO per too oa oar principal: do- far over the holfow befow, wbifc the iwsain mestar prod arts, hence to San Francisco. ' faffing off with a sharp facjina ' turn, and eeostst eta confused mass of sharp amonnt to...... toiJii lad goods thence here, say .27.G00 Passenger transportation both ways wiii CaHn (, ST0 and Steer age SW, say 45.000 Total If all this carryiar couH be concentrated . . ji steamer Ene, (which wiH never hap- pen) the ressel making tweaty-omr day trips, or etghteen per year, coald only earn The cast of each, trip may be arerazed ia whole cambers at $14,000. TWiKn, in.fcn.mMt thtfor oni- . I Here fit m indceemeat men tor opt tiHsts to pet oa Etesmers for the profits, nor are the prospects so flattering- that tiey will risk heavy tosses with tna eipeo , , . , tation that the fetore wilt recuperate tnem. either the snbsiclr by the Hinted States, nor thatsoacht rem ns,wul toianeethe j ac-oont so as to insure from fcsa. There i rnarrin'eaorigjk to be set off to that risk; witnieTBryes.mnstetxonnUr. jsssj be saa taWt. witixot poltis" our own 1 sboekWrs te the wheel we shall But have two steamers on the route, and wo may truly hartor the sofpiriou. that as one ' steamer does not par as ran at jirejent, wo ' may lose that too. at no distant date. ' The subsidy tnenlianid in the Appro i priation Kilt is quite- within oar power to grant, without either increasing taxation now or proepectitely. It carries with it the right of imposing condition; which mar provide for all the points deemed essential to free and cheap . . communication necessary to the protec- j tion of commerce and agriculctre, and the 1 general welfare of the public j The whole matter is one of grave im ' portasce. beiny so closely connected with sH cur bcsisess relations, and interwoven ' with our future development and prosperi- tr. AVe notice, that on Monday, by reso- , lation, it was referred to the Committee on 1 Commerce for thorough consideration. It j lies whoSy within the province of the As- 1 setablr, and we are sure they will acquit j , themselves of tha'responsibility with an i our u ivauu.i. jmriiu I ments are popular. The Assembly look npjn them as steps in the right I tion towards faciBtatiiKr trade and opening up our resources in this light, what in ternal improvement more satisfactory, and sure of profitable, returns, than steam comnunication with Son Francisco every , twenty days THE EEUPTION! Cp to Wednesday, 29th nit., there has been no farther accounts of volcanic action on Ha wafi. The earthquakes have ceased In vio lence and frequency, although the whole There are reports that the lava has araln broktn out in Kapapala, but we do not credit it. We are happy to give our readers a dear ineSnt account of the late volcanic icUBa " vl "uu" TVm. HBlebrand.M. D-. who has just return- examination of the dUturbed VT . dutricts . The account of the lava fissure at Kabukn, is entirely new to the public H. L iL's Comraisslener and Cousul.M. Beranger.who mltte tB toor wlm "r- "taeorano, nas mane a number of sketches of the moat Interesting voleajuc appearances, Tf ikt xiiun GaCU. Sut: Uaving Jest returned from ajourner serves the eese of the Lite volcanic convuf- the 23d. Oa the 24th we crossed the kva stream oa the road to Kona, and reached Keatakekaa Bay on April tk j Of Uik I have little to say, as your cor- 1 respondents have communicated to you the most remarkable events from that place. I , sac sevcnl ti-sares ia tbe earth near Wahl ' iwa River, of from eicbt Inches to one foot in "; . were'caitoed by the earth quake or Apru md. and run in tne direction of Mauna Loa. The earthquake waves all moved from southwest to northeast, aad oTerturned moveable objects standing at rigat.nngfcts wlth - that line A heavy book- ca in the Rev. T. Coan s library, holding that relation to the wave, was overturned, "hffle another heavy case, filled with shells whictt stood parallel to It, re- niained standing. gnHmd .njS'cnter, paHfcnUrly on the eastern and western sides, is rent by a great number of fissures, one near the Puna m9n tfcaa twelve teet wide and very deep ; ethers oriesser size run parallel to and crass the Kan road, so as to render travel on It very dangerous. Tbe look-out house detaehed from the main land bravery deep crmusf, and stands now on an isolated, everhaBiring rock, which, at the next severe concussion, must tnmcie into tne pit neiow. Jfaay smaller fissures are .hidden by grass and bushes, forming so many traps for the unwary. The Volcano House, however, has . not stuTered. nor is the zroncd surrouBdinir it broken in tbe least. From the wails of t :r . 1 . . - . .. t T- ,.. 1 ... ucixd and thrown. dow3. On the west and . north-west side, where the fire had teen most active before the great earthquake of April 2nd, the faffing masses probaMy have tmn at once melted br the Lira and carried otr ta to 5treaIn for ie waHs there, remain , as perpendicular as tner were before, but , " fUfK tE& W?t ' entvrees aseag me western eaire just sposen of, aad the partial detachment In many places largv prisms uc roc. Bat it is on the east and northneast wall particularly tfet the character et tne crater nas undergone a ch.mge. Along the descent on the second tedie larze masses of reek, many, more than XOO tons in weight, obstruct tbe path and form abutmots to the stoce pillars small buttress bills similar to those observed in frant of the high bosaltie wall in Koolau, Oufcc So also in the deep crater itself, the eastern waB has lost much of its perpendic ular dip, and has become sbafrtsg in part. The crater itself was entirely devoid of liquid Iara; no incandescence anywhere; prrciir darkness hovered over the abyss the first oiiht. I sar the first nizht, because durinrrthe seeond night of oorstar, between Kand I a. detouattous were heard asaiu. and ttrht reappeared for a short tjne la the 1 South Laxe. White vapors of steam issued from the floor In a hundred places, but of those stifling, sulphurous and aeid cases , formerly so- orerpowenmr, ia the neurbbor-1 hood of the lakes and ovens, only the faintest trace was pereeived here and there. The heat jras nowhere so great that we could not keep ocr footing foe a minute or more, although ) in many places it would forbid the touch of 5 5, rte is ' aa. More than two-thiids of the old floor of KHanea baa eased la. and sunt from ICO to i 300 feet below the level of the remaininzj fleor. The depression ezibraces the whole ! western half, and infringes in a semicircular ' I Eneoaa considerable portion of the other! ; half It is greatest in the northern, and 1 i nr!i.rmilisil irrrctX m 1 14 wurthom nnr. ' Boa. Entering upon this depressed floor from the southern lake, it was some time be- i fore we became fully aware of its existence: It wasonlroa ear return from the n-orth-1 wegt con,,', where It is deepest, that there i presented Uselx tnronzn the mist in which we were enveloped, a huA wall of 3CO feet of z-rotesque aad fitntasric outlines. At first we were quite bewildered, fincying that we be beld the creat outer will tit the crater. On nearer approach we soon sarisfled oarseires that this stnsalarwall represented thelineof eemiAt;2oj oC x dtpres.iou in the f floorof the crater a. fitct that surprised ni the more, as a bird-eye view from abore had ! altogether foiled to apprise us ct its existence. . . . . t . k . . V ; r . . we - - Been uuutuicu UM uc iuo- T ral actrritr of the crater before the great lvViVai& had been in the north west cor- ner, nt proceeded to that direction: on- Ieav bar the ioatB. lake. Hartex arrived at about 1 the middle of the depression, a considerable ' fije te the grocad presented tesrff t onr left to the west. Hartcr ascended this, we found oarselves at the brink: of a fearfat TS 'get, and rrrJJ aboct half amUe from nortfa to south. Very hot air rose from It lent action of atorrent which shot out ef the Around it. towards Us northern extremity, utud after It wo dclKWllcd, and nblcb. has the lava U throw n up Into an Indescribable since pcrprluaed Uself In a stream or some confusion; pile upon pile of a, gorge and six, milt muldy, and emitting the above rider bv turns. ! mentioned pot.ery odor when we saw It first The wins In of the floor seemed to be still : on April 20, K wfeetly elearand Inodorous In rrwcresslvn, for twice during our explore-. when e passed U three days later. A little Hon of the crater, our nene. were disturbed higher up a oa grove elves still stronger brarroloused heavv rumbUns and rattling evidence to tie strength of the propelling nol-e, us from a distant platoon fire of mus- lore. The tries first seixed are snapped off ketrv, coming from the northwest corner. j and prostrate., et the mud In that place is luthe arteruoon 1 visited Kllauea Us, that 1 only a few feet deep. The mass Itself Is no small crater, hardly half a mile distant, , thing but the Dose red soil or the mountain eastward, from tbe treat one. I saw It In 1 aide, with a grod sprinkling of round bould- hen the bottom and sides were covered with shrub, and small trees. Now tbe bot torn Is covered w lh a shining Hf of black j lava, .ml the dark patebe along Its adcs. 1 rive abundant evidence of fire In grass and bash. 1 take Its depth to be about the "me as that of the larse crater. Thus tar. as to what we nave seen. -o allow me to relate what I learnt from Kalna. w ho has resided near tbe volcano w ithcut Interruption for the last five mouths, and whose strons nerves sustained him during the fearful catastrophe Introduced by the earthquake of April id. lie, and the China man w bo keeps the house, ere tbe only per sons who remained at Kllauea. lie says that for two months preceding the first shock, viz., from Jan. 20 to March 2S, the crater bad been unusually active; eight lakes being in constant ebullition, and frequently overflow ing. During all this time, (the date of Its first appearance could not be ascertunea ex actlv) there was In the northwest corner a "blow -bole," from which, at regular inter- vals.ofainlnnteorless.witharoariocnoise, mhofMarch At the same time tbe aetlvl- Mr. Kornander found the bottom of the cra ter overfiowed with fresh lava and Incandes cent. Thursday, April 2d, at a few minutes past four, r. x., the big earthquake occurred, w bich caused tbe ground around KUaaea to rock lite a. -hip at sea. At that moment, there commenced fearful detonations In the crater, large quantities of lava were thrown up to a treat bcteht ; portions of tbe wall tumbled In. This extraordinary commotion, accom- i panted with unearthly noUe and ceaiele . ... 1 .. . ... swajinr of the rroucd. continued from that day tttt Sunday night, April 5th. but frvm tAt JtnttAe JirttityMH ti rrcrte. On Ibursday otbt. It was already confined to tbe regular lakes; on Saturday night, it only remained in tbe great south lake, and on Sunday night there was none at all; Pele had left Xilauea. The noises now became weaker, and were separated by looser Intervals. By Tuesday, quiet reigned In Kllauea. On that afternoon the lava burst out at a dUtance ot forty miles, southwest, in Kabukn. April 2d, from six to ten, r. x., Kalna ob served fire in the direction of PunaKhlch, at the time, caused him to believe that tbe lava bad found a vent again in that direction, as it did In 110; but he subeequentlv talis fied himself that It was only a rejection from lava In KliaRea in. It was not seen "TJ?"-,, . , .. , . It is needless to comment on the Important btf Bf off 't Ulli analysis of the phenom instituting the fae u, As mv wt .by friend Kalna, the proprietor of the Volcano House, was TxSS&g d desired tnaTo retnrn to the capitaC I should express my opinion that said lady was only on temporary leave of absence, I acquit myself of this debt of gratitude for tbe valcable Information re ceived with so much tbe more pleasure, as I believe, 1 can do it with a good conscience. Kllauea has been drr once before, after the great flow In 1S10. this information I hate Irem that faithful chronicler of tbe Hawaiian Vok-asoes, the Rev. Mr. T. Coan at Illlo, as al-o another very important one, till: that this present eruption has been the first in stance of simultaneous activity in Kllauea and the crater of Mokuaweoweo on the summit of Mauna Loa. That lava issued in three streams from tbe summit of tbe mountain on April 2S, Is corroborated by many eye-witnesses In Kan. the cunt risscxE seas tub roi koad. In Kapapala we were told that fire had been seen several nights In a S. E. direction, and that natives had reported flowing lava there. We rode over in the mornlus of April 20th. At adlstanceofSmilesfromllr. Red's dwelling, where the runa road turns ou from tbe Kllauea road, heavy clouds of wblterapor I were seen to issue from the bush, which sparsely covered the pahoehoe, makal of the road. Half an hour's ride brought us np to the place, but we were obliged to leave our horses some distance before reaching the spot, on account or fissures. After having crossed a number or them, beading for the heaviest cloud of vapor, we at last came to a deep crevasse In the pahoehoe, at least 21 feet in width, no bottom risible. It narrowed aad widened out in places, bnt nowhere was less than Sreet wide Its length we estimated at 40O feet Parallel with this great crevasse constituting a belt about 600 feet in width, were a number or smaller ones on each side, diminishing la size with distance from it, from 6 feet so a few inches. From the larger openings in tbe former heavy white columns ot hot steam Issued, which bad a decidedly alkaline smelL smaller Jets of vapor, to the number ot so, rose irom tne smaller nssures. YWcobLI not diseorer fire In anr Dlace. but I It Is very probable that durinc dark nights and black. In a very short time this subsided the reflex of the underlying lava should be some say In one minute, others in five miu throwa np, for as the steam did not seem to ntes; bnt a black cloud continued to borer contain combustible material it Is unlikely over the scene for some time. A native wbo that the light seen should have been pro- resided less tban half a mile from the scene, dueed by it. Tbe mean direction of all the and who had friends living on tbe hill, found fissures was E. 9 decrees J, S. W. 3 de- I courage enough to run to It half an hour crees or nearly tbe direction Ola line con- 1 necttnir Kllauea with Waiohinu and Kabukn. The distance of these fissures from Kilauea is IS miles. aUFsPtM, As in this district the earthquake of April 2nd culminated to its greatest intensity, so as even to rend in twain the framework of a raoantain side, and hurt down oa the plain a portion of its flank, it is necessary to give a short description of tbe country in order to insure a proper understanding of the dis- iuroance. lite locality in question is tuai comprised between the ranch station of Messrs Reed & Richardson, on tbe east, and Mr. F. Lyman, on the west, a distance of fire miles. The government road connect ing these two places runs through a tine grassy plain, which has a very gentle tali towards the scl, its deration beinz about 2,000 feet Intu this plain project from the slope of Manna Loa three parallel hills or spurs, each a boat one mile in Ienzth, and from SCO to L00O feet io height. They in clude two broad valleys between them. The upper portions of these valleys rise with a sleep iscHoe towards a ridge which rani at 1 rizfct aszles with tbe spurs, and is covered wkh a dense pulu forest, which extends far j up tSe gentle slope of the dome of Manna J Loa. In the second one of these valleys tbatnext to Mr. Lvman's tbe so called mud- flow toofc piaee, but very extensive load- ' slides, confined simply to the loose earth and I conglomerate, also occurred in the other I vallevs. The jrroond around Reed Jt Richardson's I station is tern np into numerous email cracks and fissures, running in every direction. Some are Urge enough to engulf, horse and rider, a fact which actually occurred a few days aSer the eartnqns.r A Urge citcrn. Dalit in suliii masonry and covered ed with an i pieces and ' .-f 9 .;.t. ! arched stone root, was rent to the roof entirely broken away. ctxsin:rle stone fesee is standing; their places arc ln- d kited by Cat belts tif stone on the ground. The deffin?-bense t good wooden framed one exhibits a wrench across its roof, so that the gutters empty themselves in the sitting mom- th-AkrCiie 1 tferawix offits funrnit. arjoa ; ether out buildings are completely overturned ; and of the grass houses some are smashed down, others, crealiy iceiined. But all these sizes of destruction re throws is the shade by the grandeur of the force which shouk oaT the side of the paB, burying l ia a mtnute thirty-one hiTnin beings, man hundred held of cattle, and entire nocks of , the dislocation seems to oe owing to a ioia Toats, -n.r enhji four miles fxum its bcaia- foa or kinking of the laud on one side, for ninsr in a mighty river nf mud. Before reach-I the flu ore does sot extend reiy tar ia cither hie this mnd-flow tram Reed's- house, we i direction. passed two cousiderabie streams of muddy : water, of a reddish ytHaw color, emitting a I strong odor of day, such aa may lie pereeived j to mytttrv. Bote -rmra hire thef r rrW a t In the Iaod-sBde of the first vaBey. When ' we passed them again, tvo days later, they had nearly disappeared: they evidently owed their orsrin to the drainage of the Sdlea ' mass. The mad-flow fa met with three crfles , botaSeafi. It projects itself from tie spurs cf the hiUs two miles down oa tint plain; 1 bejrfns at once with: a thfekneaa cf six; feet, whlclL, towards the mWT where it forms a small haj, rises to thirty ft ; avenges xtavt three-faurtha of a mile fa width, aad eon- tracts towards its end. From this end c long onese of boulders bear wfteeu to the rhv era, wim cert ana mere nunrs oi jrvv. icrus, uapuu su amsawau, auu vumc ivuua trunks. Neat the lower end a vigorous, healthr taro phnt stood erect In the mud, as if It had been slanted there. From it sides protruded portions or the bodies of many cattle and goats overwhelmed in their Sight a gain ot out second In time might have saved them, the surtare of the mud in this lower course vas rather smooth, as If it had been forced dew n by the agency of water, and It was still so soft that the feet sank deep Into It. After we had fiankrd It for some distance alone the shit of the hill, the mud became solid enough to bear our weight, and we walked upon it to the head of the palL The surface gradually became more rough; the bonldcrs Increased, and detached portions of earth and stone were scattered beyond Its borders, which also flattened out gradually. Tbe ascent soon brcaine steep, and here, on I a snort spur, just In tne middle oi ine rami, I fds a native house on an U-land or grass i and taro, flunked bytwo trees. Apoorwo- . uoouimmereaiaioingiueiuueiyui unuuiuj, As we went on. the mass became more rough and bard, tree trunks and boulders increased, even angular rocks appeared, until at li.-t the mud ceased entirely and gave place to a sea of huge rocks, all angular and exhibiting fresh fracture, large trunks of trees crushed between and under tbem, and streamlets of frh clear water meandering between them. This continued for the last SIX) feet of rise, and ended In a perpendicular wall or soua rocs, some -V tett nigu, auer j T1"? climbed nbich .we reposed .under the avfa.Mni r.t rtdil fwrti fro fir W tftil refreshing shade of tall fern trees, for we had entered at once tbe snout pulu forest, seated on tbe trunk of a prostrate tree, we could survey the whole eld of devastation we bad just traversed, Immediately at our feet tbe rocky framework of tbe pall was torn up, and Its contents turned topsy turvy In dire coofnsion. Tbe nxkr wall we bad Just climbed, continued itself nntll it reached the sides of the two Sinking hills. A perpen dicular cut In tbe sides of tbe latter bid open some W feet or red earth and conglomerate. On looking behind us we saw that the rock we were resting on was separated from the mountain by a deep rnrusar, parallel to the wall, and oily partly visible as it extended under the dense trees. To our left, a clear, sparkling mountain stream leaped In a bounc ing cascade ver the crag, and after losing Its course amU the mare of rocks, gathered itself again Cow ing over t he solid bed-rock in a deep gorgecut In the mud. This stream had existed herd before, but ere it reached half down the pall, became lost In the soil. It can easily be imagined what an amount of subsoil water must have been deposited here. Bearing this In mind, and the great depth or soil and conrlomerate on this slope, as indi cated by the cuts In tbe hill sides, there seems to be no grvtt difficulty-to explain how stch enormous masses or earth, at first propelled horizontally through the air. hurled down the Talley by tbt tremendous force which tore off tbe side or the mountain, should then have been seized by the propelling force or the now liberated subsoil water, and carried In a mighty stream far beyond tbe place where at first they were deposited On returning, we concluded to reach and follow the itdge of the bill flanking the stream on our left. Havinsr arrived there, we could survey tbe extent of the land-slides on the opposite side or tbe hill, which were considerable. From this place, onr guide pointed out to us a human figure in tbe dis tance, moving siowiy over tne ureary neia. It was a husband searching for the body or his wirt our guide, biraseli, poor lellow, mourned the Iocs of a wife, two little boys. and both streets. All slent their Ion sleeo under that field of desolation. Following tbe crest of tbe hill still covered with grass and wood, we were startled by tbe number or fissures and crevices intersecting it in every direction. In some places, one was templed to say icat more space was occupied by them than by the solid crust. The direction or the solid rock wall and the crrruue in tbe forest, is northeast by north to southwest by south, nearly parallel to a line connecting Kllauea with the lava outbreak in Kabukn. The stream running from the mnd-flow is likely to remain per manent, as it is a contiunance or the mount ain stream above, and now runs upon ex posed solid bed-rock. All this destruction was the work of the great earthquake of April 2d. During the rive days preceding it, ever one thousand shocks bad been counted. On that afternoon Mr. Harboltle, at Reed's, with his men was dririnc cattle across the hill towards Illlo, when suddenly the earth shook violently and a great detonation, was heard behind tbem. Horses and cattle turned round involuntarily. The whole atmosphere before them was red auer tne occurrence, tie inrust ms nana in the mud aad found it cold. From that Thursday to Sunday the earth constantly rocked and swayed, tbe hills seemed to alternately approach and recede. Most people became seasick, strange roar inr and surzing noises were heard under tbe ground. When the ear was applied to tbe earth it would often receive a distinct im pression as if a subterranean wave struck acainst the earth's crust. The prevailing direction ct the earthquake wares was said to have been from K. to S. W. During the twenty-fonr houru of April 21, we experienced twenty shocks at Kapapala. From the upper road from Kapapala to Wai ohinn,(the lower road has been rendered im passable by the encroachments of tbe sea), several minor land slides were observed on the hills ; most booses were injured more or less ; no stoaew all remained anywhere. All the people Irom near tbe beach bad taken refuge on higher lands near the upper road. My professional services were called for by many people who had been injured by the great oceanic earthquake wares. The great wave rose to a height 01 3 Ice!, ana accord- fog to reliable Inlonnation, portions of tbe coast-Ihre bavo subtised considerably. In som places eccoanut trees formerly out of water are now a foot deep In tbe sea. Every village along the coast of Kan and part or rnca tsas Keen swept away, ine wnoiepop- t u la! ion of Waiohinn I found encamped on hlxa bill to the eastamong the ferns. From; two'to three hundred people bad lived there for two weeks under toe scanty shelter 01 huts made or mats, fern and ki-Ieaves, and could not find it in their hearts to return to their houses and fields. Their crops, which before "" already suffered from long con tinned droczfat. were being invaded by tbe ottle, no fences remaining to protect them, It is much to be feared that tbe calamity of a famine will visit tbe smitten district in addi- famine win visit the smitten district in addi tion to the disasters s uttered already. Of the damage done to the village or Wai- I obina other witnesses have given ample in- ' formation. The hill forming the west side ' of the amphitheatre on which- the village is located, bos expenecced a considerable land- slide. Less than five minutes walk from : VVaiohins a crack of eight feet in width has ! dislocated the Kona road to tbe extent of its width. This fissure has a direction nearlr , South to Sorth, tending towards tbe summit of Manna Loa. It is filled np with stones I 4?gnrcd frcca it daring the movement ; Kancix. Here the lara bnrst forth, April 7th, Uirongh aa ecormons Cssnre of nearly three miles fa length, and ran in a few boure overs distance of twelve miles, from I a hefcht of 30 feet, the highest point of i the tsssare, to tne sea, in wruca itcaoseaa projection of Bore thol half a mile. Tbe upper portion of the stream is contisnons ; te it middle course, where it ran over the not ai,aauea wiin tmu nuis, aruuaa asa heto w the site of Capt Brown's former reai- j deuce, it dimes itseu into sererat nrasenes I WBicfa leave a nnmberof islands between f them, aad either unite again te the great IiaAoeAee stream which rat down to the sea, ! or end abruptly mostly as x. On following the old Kona read tbe traveller I obliged. fitst, to pass around the tail end of an a stream, then to cross two oa streams, and at last tbe itiAotAce. From a prominent hill near Capu Brown's booto tho scene can be best surveyed. On the Islands between the several streams, many cattle and hones Toned refuge, most of which were saved after tho cessation of the flow. On tho hill stand a house which contained three poor sick men. When tbey became an are of tpe approach of the lava tbey attempted to escape, bnt not having strength enough left they returned to f lueir uouse expecting ucain. sue urn uow j ereronlysurrouudcd them, and athro were some provision and water in the house, tbey kept themselves alive until It cooled and succor was afforded tbtui. Tbe eruption must I have erased cither on Saturday or Sunday nirhUtbellthorl2thof AnriL The accounts do not agree . About the exact time or luo outbreak also there is some obscurity. The great fissure having been formed, In all pro bability, on April 2nd, the final breaking through or the lava seems to have began almost without noise. Capt. Brown only became aware or It by tbe sight or fire ap proachinc toward his house, alter darkness bad set iu, and tbcu he hardly bad time to sav himself and family, tbo lava rnsblng down tbu last gulch ten minutes alter be and his family bad crossed It. From Mr. Whit ney, who approached tho stream Irom tbe Kona side, I learn that a goatherd assured blm that he bad been prevented from re turning to Waiohinn as early a the morning of April 7th, by the lava flow. As the priaclpil interest was the discovery of the main source of tbt stream, we at once went to that part of It, where, according to cotisuiou report, the lava had Issued. A very light dark brown glistening pumice stone lay scattered about long before the lava was seen. Near tbe flow it Increased so much that the animals feet sank deep Into It at every step. We soon reached the ridge of a hill from which we surveyed the place where, according to onr guide's account, the foun tain or lava had been seen. This upper por tion or the lava stream fills a broad valley or depression, between two parallel low hills or not more tban tM) feet high, both running almost due North and South. 'From the western ono or these hills Mr. Whitney had witnessed the eruption. From the east ern hill we In vain looked for a crater or cone. We did not make ont any Indication or the character of the eruption until we bad crossed nearly three-fourths or the stream, w bleb here is not far from a mile wide. Then our attention was attracted by an accumula tion or scoria. Xearlng this w e were struck by a current or bot air, and, a little further on, found ourselves on the brink or a deep gap In the lava about 20 feet wide, but nar rowing and continuing itself Northward. We walked round the Southern end of the gap and followed It np on the West or lee side. Before long wc came to another en largement or the fissure like the former, emitting bot air charged with acid gases which drove us back. StlU continuing onr march on the west sideof the fissure as close as the hot gases would allow, we came in sight or a pretty miulature cone, built up most regularly or loose scoria to the height of 12 feet, and located right over tbe fissure. It encloses a chimney crater or about 12 feet diameter, with perpendicular sides, tbe depth or which could not be ascertained. Hot gases issued in abundance. On account of the exhalation or tbe latter we were obliged to cross the chasm, on the bridge formed by the cone, to the windward side, along which we followed up steadily. This crack or fissure tends South tlx de grees West to North six degrees East, and Is in tbe slope of the hill that forms the West boundary of the lava stream. Its lara cover therefore Is quite thin iu many places, so that yon can see how it sinks In the original rock or the bill. Its depth cannot be ascer tained anywhere. More tban four-fifths of tbe lara Is on its Eastern side, as it followed the declivity of the hill-slope to fill the trough of the valley, w here it assumed a gen era! downward course. It Is from tbe entire lecsth of this fissure that that the lava bas welled np simultaneously. The waves of lava for some distance from It are all parallel to its course, wblle In tbe middle or tl e stream they stand at a right angle to IU Tbe edges are somewhat raised above the remaln- I acroi ine stream, ana scoria covers it in most parts, torniingqulte heavy layers where tbe stream bas blowholes. Isolated flakes or brittle lava, resembling cow dung, probably blown out at tbe end or the eruption with fitful spouting of steam and gas, are seen all alODg its coarse. Nearing tbe upper end of the valler. w here I exDected to find the end or the fissure, I was surprised at the sudden appearance or a Teritable cataract or lava coming down tbe precipitous side or the eastern hill, a height ot at least oUU reeU Havlnir ascended It with considerable toil I found myself agaiq alongside tbe big crevasse wbich in passing across the valley bad de flected from Its former course to a nearly x uireciioo, ueaaing airect tor tne snm mit or Mauna Loa. From here onward, the Incline Increasing cousiucraoiy, tue lava commencea io se very rnggea and broken. As here it bad passed over and destroyed a dense forest, a number or grotesque shapes met tbe eye. Wherever the. lava bad met a tree ot some size. It had surroundedt with a perfect monld wbich either still held the smoulder ing remains of tbe Irnntor exhibited hol low cylinders beurinir on the Inside the markings or tbe bark or the tree. The leaf stalk even or rent trees were almost perfect. A tew of tbe moulds contained still, entire trunks with the nnconsumed branches. In the bifurcations or these heavy masses or uva naa accumniatea banging down in many points like so many stalactites. When ever there was a fern stamp standing upright It bore a cap of lava :i indications prove that the liquid mass bad torn upwards, with the violent pressure of steam and gas. As I said before, this part or tbe flow was lined by a dense forest. From this point it became apparent that tbe gap in the forest bad closed in, and from an eminence along side tbe fissure I could see that the lara stream contracted at some distance beyond to the apex or an Isocoles triangle. This part of tbe crevasse which ran straight np to the aoex was continuous, wider tban below. and emitted In great profusion sulphurous and other acid gases. Its border, wbich was of the color or red brick, cummeuced to be covered with tbe etfioresceute or salts and sutpbur, and In places they assumed al together the appearance- or sulphur banks. The beat or tbe lava increased so as to be unbearable in some places. Ashes and scoria covered every hollow In tbe floor, and tbe edre oi me wooos tor some distance. ilatlnr arrived at tbe apex or tbe trianzle. I found that tbe crevasse, over which tbe trees almost ciosea irom bom sides, still ex tended a few hundred yards bizher np in tbe woods, indicated by a continuous line of wbiteandyellowsmoke. Tbeeboklnr nature of the latter forbade my marching along tbe edge or tbe fissure, while tbe impenetrable thicket, with tbe ground tbickly covered by ashes, proved ac effectual bar to siy farther progress. In fact, while hurrying out of an overpowering cloud of the smoke, I got one leg caught in a lateral fissure hidden under the ashes, where ft received such lively Im pression of be.t that I made quick time to retire from that neighborhood Jnst then I heard a deep .hollow, rumbling, prolonged sound, while the air and earth remained per fectly etllL Subsequently I learned that It had been caused by tbe rolling down of large masses of pumice stone from the hill to tbe lower lava stream, but at tbe thni: being fear fnl of another catastrophe. I hurried back as fast as drenmstance would permit, and felt a great relief In rejoining my friends who had remained behind, at tbe lower part ot tbe stream. From tbe height abore the eats-, net I saw two other lines of smoke rnnning throogii tbe woods, taking their orizin from tbe lara rafler below, indicatini: two other fissures. Thus it appear that at tbe head of ! tbe valiey me main assure aiviaeti intu into three parts: the first, and largest, running northeast ; the middle one almost dne north, and the third about north-northwest. Tbe two latter did not seem to have thrown off ranch lava, if any, for there appeared no gap te tbe woods along their conries. A few general remark and important de ductions from the facta related, want of time prevent me frcst communicating to yon at present. I reserve them for next weekr. Wm. Hnimmm Honolulu, May 4, Ufa. P. S. Mora. Beranger ha taken fine sketches-of all tbe Important localities v li fted by ns, wbich will aid greatly the. proper understanding of the hasty description given by me. All doubts u to the safety of Dr. Living stone are dispelled. Eh-Roderick Murchlson to-day received a letter from tbe distinguish ed traveller, which came via Zanzibar. Dr. Livingstone write that he it te good health. His jonrney of explorations iii been lueceas fuJ, and he wiH soon return to England. i'Kci:i;in.AfiN OT tllS LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY- 198. TnUTttxvii Day, Satcday. May 1. lions met tt 10 A. M. II. II. M. Ksiua naoa In th chair. rrayer by th Chaplain, th minutes of preceding dy nd adopted. rnmios. Ml. Hllensnu presented a pe tition frvm IUntkua praying that M.tMM be appropriMsd for a ro4 from Wkimea to Ho nomslioo, and that $1400 b appropriated for improvement or landing and baoyt. Re ferred to Committee on Commsre. Mr. Keliipio presented petition from the mall carrier of llcnolulu, that he may be paid th rest of his lry. lUfsrrsd to Flnanc Commillto, II. 11. M. Kekasjiaoa presented a petition from th oeeupant of tho Leper Asylum t Kallhl. praying that they may not be eon fined, while others with th disease are allowed to go. free. Referred to Sanitary Comraille. Mr.'t'p offered a petition from Fauoa, preying that Fort street may bo xteoded to the Tsllty. Referred to Committee on Inter nal Improvement. Rtroava or Conmrtats. Committee on Finance reported favorably on the petition of Iokeit asking for a return or Hi SO, a fine that he had paid, and th decision of the Court was afterwards reversed. Report ap proved. Committee reported on th petition on pro perty tax, that it should b tabled. Approved. Committee on Commerc reported on th " Act to provide for th Protection of Life and Property," that tbey hl condensed T era section into on. Report approved. RtsoLtmoss. Mr. Up moved that $500 b appropriated for a light hout at llilo. Re ferred to Committee oa Internal Improvement. Mr. Kaliipio moved that the Committee on Accounts be instructed to draw upon tb Treasury for $50 and miletge to each of the Representatives and officers of th Assembly. Carried. Mr. Koskaon moved that th Nobles bo paid the sams as Representatives, for atten dance at the Legislature. On motion of Mr. Kaliipio the motion was Indefinitely postponed. Mr. Wilder cava notice of a bill to amend Art. 15 of tbo Constitution, In relation to the ilttine toeether of the two Houses. Mr. Lyons offered a resolution to the effect that the items or the expense oi in uovern ment Press for tho last two years bo presented to tbe House, as a question had arisen in re gard to the disposition or the 11,000 appro priated t the last session. Passed. Mr. Kumaboa moved that JSOO be appro priated for the erection of a Court Uous at Funs, Hawaii. Tabled. Mr. Martin moved that alist or th recipients of His Majesty's bounty at Hawaii be printed in tho native papers of Honolulu. His Ex. C. de Varigny objected, on the ground that it would bo an unkindness to tho people or Hawaii. Mr. Martin said that his reason for bringing forward the motion was, that some had re ceived aid who were not in need of it, and others who were much distressed had been passed over. His Ex. C. de Yarigny said that inch a ease was impossible, for every where that aid was granted there was a large crowd present, and if any one had tried to defraud Ills M& iestr h would bar been at ones reported from soma one in the crowd. He then moved a Special Committee for examination. Committee W. T. Martin, J. Up, A iloDu, J. W. Kumaboa, C. de Varigey. Un motion or uor. iiominis tna rules were suspended and tha bill to transfer tha juris diction of the Police Officers to th Attorney General was returned from tha Special Com mittee. His Ex. S. H. Fhillips moved to substitute tha word " Governors" for " Marshall," in the 3d Section, which was accepted, and the bill ordered for enrrossmeut. Mr. Jones moved that the sum f $5000 be aopropriated for the roads or Lahaina. Tablet! Also that $500 be used to build a Court House and Jail on Lanal. Tabled. Also that $200 be appropriated for a mail carrier between Lahaina and Lanai. Tabled. Mr. Nakila moved that-$5000 be appropriat ed for a Court House at Makawao. Tabled. Mr. Mahclona gave notice of a bill to amend Sec. 1477 of tha Civil Code ; also, an Aet to enable the Tax Collector to exempt tick persons from taxation ; also to authorise areata of the Crown Lands to sell the same ; also an Aet authorising the Minister of Inte rior to crant land patents to those wbo have them not; an Act authorising the building of Court Houses ; also that one third or tbe pub lie lands be given to the common people; also to provide salaries for the " alii' ' having no Government office. His Ex. F. W. Hutchison introduced a bill to amend See. 999, Civil Code, passed to second reading. Also an Act prohibiting bathing in the Nuoanu stream above tha resorveir. Mr. Judd moved to rejeet the bill, which was lost and the bill passed to seeond reading. Mr. Nahakn gave notice of a bill to amend 53 and 57 of the Civil Code. On motion the order of th day was taken up- Uansa or the Dir. an aci to amend Sees. 122, -123, 423, Civd Code, was read and passed third reading. An Aet to enlarge the jurisdiction of tha Supreme Court, was read and passed third reading. House went into Comraittee or the Whole for the consideration or Appropriation JJiiL b. 11. Uoyd in tb chair. For expenses of the Legislature, $15,000. Passed. For expenses of tha Privy Council, $900. Passed. , On motion of Mr. Keawehanahala the action of the House is rerard to the appropriation for His Majesty was taken up for reeonstdera. tion. Mr. Kalakaua thought that tbe motion was out of order, as tbe report of tha Committee was approved yesterday. Mr. Rhodes thought that the Committee should sk permission of the House for re consideration. The Committee arose and the Hods ap proved tha report. House immediately went ioto Committt of tha Whole.' Mr. fioyd in tha chair. Tha appropriation for Hit Majesty was then discussed. Mr. Keawehanahala morel that tbe appro priation be fixed at $10,000. Ha thought thrt the additional $5,000 woald not b felt by the people, bat woald be of considerable advantage to the King. Mr. Koakanu thought that Mr. Keawebn nahala was a regular "boopilimeaai." Amend ment lost. On motion tba Committee arose and tbe report was adopted. House adjourned. Foceteextb Dat, Moxdat. May 4th. Assembly met at 10 A. M. II. U. 31. Ke kaaaaoa in tbe chair. Prayer by tba Chaplain. Tha minute of tha preceding day were read. Mr. Nakila stated that in regard to th mat ter for an appropriation for a Conn House at Makawao, he said $500 instead of $5,000. As amended tha minutes were approved. Petttioss. Mr. Ualemaaa presented a pe tition from Hamakua, praying for an appro priation of $o00 for buoys, etc., at Honokaa. Kefcrred to Committee -ra Commerce. Mr. Martin presented a petition from Kaa, praying for n trpropriation fr a eoort house and lockup at Waiohinu. Rcroars or Committees. Judiciary Com mittee reported en the eas or tha Honolulu election. ' Tha charges embodied in the peti tion, were not substantiated, and that any wren; proeeediag as Hedged on the day or election did not materially affect tbe resalL Tbey suggested that tbe petition be tabled. Report accepted aad approved. Committee on Commerce reported on th hill concerning Interest on money, favoring tb redaction of the rl to per cefct. Re port approved. Hesoi-CTlosl. Mr. Wood offered a resolu tion that the Sergesnt-at-Arms provide ear. riage for the members for inspecting the dovernmeot buHdings. Mr. Hitebcoek amended to provide only for the Committee oa Internal Improvements. Hi Ex. C, d Varigsy amended to hare earns res for the Committees only. Mr. Hitebcoek accepted th sooendiBest. Mr. Mahclona amended that th Committees on Internal Improvements, Military, Printing, Sanitary, Fiaanc, and tbe Judiciary Com Dittee be provided with carriage at 12 M. to-tsorrow. Mr. Kalakaaa moved io table the whole matter. Lost. The resolution as amended passed. Th following .resolution was Introduced by Ills Ex. S.H.l'htlHMt Resolved, That th Committee oa dot mere, te.i ha Instructed to consider th tx pedleney of granting subsidies to any eoatpany now, r hereafter U b laeorpo rated, for Ut purpose of Inter-lslsnJ aavlgation j and also to lb Ha of ocean steaaser plying between Honolulu and San Francisco ) that said Co mitle be (attracted to give a bearing to all parties l&Urested. and to make report npott these several subject, by bill or otherwise-: aad that said Committee be farther Instructed to consider anl report upon tb moat xpedi eat. mod of raising funds to provM for any proposed subsidy. Ill Ex. S. It. rhiilipa thougM that th subject of a subsidy to a lino of steamer be tween this country and foreign port wa imporUbt, and should b earefally considered, and nil the interests of various corporation la the country should b welt considered, therefore he thoorht that th subject should b carefully examined by th Committee on Commerce. It Is conceded by all that steam navigation il always conducive Io th pros perity of a country, now is it best t subsidise a line between Honolulu and Sau FraseiseoT This question could only be answered by a careful examination. After a short discussion, th matter was referred to the Committee on Ccmnwre. Mr. Martin lattodoeod a bill to amend See tion 876, of the Civil Code. Bill pasesd to Seeond reading. Also, a bill to amend Section 527 of th Civil Coda, in reference to port of entry. On motion or .Mr. Judd, th bill we rejected. Ills Ex. F. W. Hutchison presented certain Items oi th printing expense or Interior De partment. Mr. Lyon moved that a 8peetal Committee ba appointed to tnvestigat th Government printing expenditures of th last two year. Carried. Committee. lions. CJ. Lyons. E. Jcs, E. II. Royd, D. Kaukaha, F. r. Hutchison. Mr. Keawehunakala gars nolle of a bill.to regulate the qualifications of elretcr,; also, to empower tha Governor of Oahu to ac knowledge conveyances. Mr. Kaukaha moved a reeoiation that $SC0 ba appropriated for a court house and all at Haaslei, Kauai. Tabled. Mr. Kulbelani moved a resolution that $5000 be appropriated for a Government road on Maul ; also, he gave notice or a hill to ropen tbe office ot the Land Commission ; also, af a bill to amend Section 527 of tbe Civil Code. Mr. Kalu gave notice or a bill to amend the Civil Code. On motion tb order or the day waj taken sp. Okder or Tna Dat. A bill to transfer th supervision or tha police, etc., to th Attorney General, was read, and on motion or Mr. Knudsen wss transferred to a Special Com mittee. Committee Hons. V. Knudsen, 3. 0. Dom Inis. S. II. Phillips, 11. H. Hitchcock. An Aet to amend Section 15 of aa Aet entitled an Act for tha vending of wines, liquors, etc., was lead second time, and on motion of His Ex. S. II. I'hillip was referred to the Judiciary Committee. A bill to admit copper, Ac, duty free, for sheathing vessels nnuer the Hawaiian flag, was read a second time. On motion of His Ex. C. da Yarigny, it wa referred to the Committee of Commerce, A bill for the protection of life and property against explosive substances other than gun powder, was considered by Commlti of th Whole, Mr. Jones In the chair. Tha sections with tbe amendments wire read and passed. Committee rose, !i report was approved, and tba bill ordered to en grossment. An Act to amend Chap. 35, Sees. 14$) aad 1431, of the Civil Code, was ordered to en grossment. Motion reconsidered, and th lions went Into Committee of th Wholo. Mr. Wilder called to tbe chair. Act svi read. In Sec. 1st Mr. Eishcp amended to strike out tbe word 8 and Insert 10, making 10 per cent, tba legal rat of in terest for money in this kingdom. Mr. Lyons thought that 9 per cent, was a fair rata of interest in this country, therefore be moved that amendment, but ho would sup port S per cent. Id preference to 10 per eent. Ue then adverted at considerable length to the agricultural and commercial interests of the country, and In a powerful argument proved that the rata of interest should ! made as small as possible forth best Interest of all the industrial pursuits of tb country. His Ex. S. II. Phillips said that he was sot thoroughly acquainted with the stale of the country, but bis attention was called to this subject by a gentleman Of intelligence is this city, therefor he introduced tha bill. Mr. Bishop's amendment wa lost, Mr. Lyons' amendment was carried, the lection .u amended, mad 9 per cent, th legal rate. Tbe bill aa a whole pasted seeond reading. Committee rose, report approved, and tba bill was ordered to engrossment. A bill to prohibit bathing In tbe Nusana stream was read. On motion of Mr. Jndd, the bill was referred to a Special Committee. Committee. Hons. C. II. Jndd. W. P. Wool, J. W. Makalena, F. W. Hutchison, D. Kalakaua. Hons adjourned. FAMILY DRUG 8T0EE. J. ?I. SMITH ic CO., HATE RECEIVED PER LATE ARRIV als, a New Assortment of Dregs aad Medicine. Sands' Sarsaparilla. Townsend's do.. Ayers' do. , Uristol'is do., EbOktrs da.. Root do., Ayeri' Cherry Pectoral, Balsam for tbe Lungs, Balsam of Wild Cherry, Hy pophospbites of Liue a Soda, Compound Extract of Baehu, Capsules, Thorn's Extract, Crossraaa Specific, Pills and Ointments, of various kiads. Liniments. Plasters. Pectoral Famlgttors, Sponges, Hamburg Tea, Lily White, Fumigating Pastils, Truwes, J. R. Cook's Nipples, Nipple Shields, Lnbin's and Pinaad's Extracts, Toilet Articles, Lip Salle, Indelible Pencils, a. Xvr In-rentlvn. Hair Restorers and Dressing!, Synngei, Leeches, etc. etc., etc Drugs or ull liln&m. Corner af Fort and lltui streets. 1 1-tf BOLiLiES & CO., HAVE RECEIVED PEE LATE AREIYALS. Per Idaho our Esual supply of Flour in half aad Quarter lacks. Also, per D C Murray, California Lame and A larze assortment ef Patau and PsJnt Oil Manila Cnrdage assorted Buesffrom I la in Per Wrihelm, Habbard's Patent Zlae Paint Best Boiled Eng Paint Oil Paint Breshee, ll-Zm Whitewash do.et. If. TK I'.il I'EK, Piano Maker & Tuner, OFFKKS HIS SEKTICKS fIttt! for Repairing and Tanior Pianos, having the best of Strfagi aad Material on hand. ftatIfaciIeH Gaaraatfeett. Orders left at tbe Family Drag Store, Cor ner of Fort and Hotel Street, will meet with lmmediat sttcatitn. J 2-3 in California Lime. WE" KEEP A FULL STOCK OS THIS article, aad arereeeiriaj; fresh supplies hy every pseketfor tal at toe lowest pries at il-in EOLLES A CO. Jl'ST JtKCKlYK, Arrol's CcitbrstMi Pic Mi; In pints, far tale Vy -Il-Zas H. HACKFKLB St Co.