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PUBLISHED Every Wednesday Morning, AT SG.IMJ PER AXKVil. Moiled to Foreign Snrncrlbera at $7.00. Office On Merchant street, west of he I'ost Office, Honolulu, II. L BOOK AND JOB PRINTING lUSHKNTl THE "GAZETTE" OTFICE Is. now impend to execute all orders for FLU! . ID F4ICY F11I1IIS, or every DEacairncv, Printed and pnMlehed by J. Jlorr Smith, at the Government PrintlD Office, to whom all bu.lntM VOL. 17 NO. 18. HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, M AY 20, 1868. $6.00 PER YEAR. COTimunlcatiun mutt addreiiscd. WITH, ITEATNESa AND DISPATCH n A 7 jjiTTU1 unUuSh 1 1 rji BUSINESS NOTICES. SIcCOI.GAIV A: .lOIKVSCKV, MERCHANT TAILORS TORT STEEET, HONOLULU, 10 Opposite T. C. Hcnclc's. ly IRA RICHARDSON, IJIPOItXER AI II2AI.,KK IK BOOTS, SHOES & GENTLEMEN'S FUR NISHING GOODS, Corner of Fort and Merchant Streets, S I10X0LUI.U, II. I. fly LANGLEY, CROWELL & CO Wholesale Druggists,- Cor. Ilnttcry anil Clay Streets" SAJV FIUSCISCO, CAL. f-3;n EDWIN JONES, i GROCER AND SHIP CHANDLER, I.nli:ilnn, .Haul. Money and Recruits furnished to ships on 6-lyJ favorable terms. tiiko. ii. ihavies, (Late Janion, Green A Co., IMPORTER A COMMISSION MEECHANT aqext ron Lloyds' and the Liverpool Underwriters, Northern Assurance Company, and British and Foreign .Marino Insurance Co. 3-ly R. OT. AOTKEWS, MACHINIST, ""Tort Street, opposite Odd Fellows' Hall. Gives particular attention to the repair of Fire Arms, Sewing Machines, a Locks. Dratcingt of Machinery, ttrc, maize to Order, 40-11 C. II- LEVERS. J. G. DICKSON. Lewers & Dickson, TMPORTERS, WHOLESALE AND I Retail Dealers in Lumber and Buildin Materials. Fort, King and Merchant streets, Honolulu. ..'a-iy 1. t. WALKER. S. C. ALLEX WALKER & ALLEN, Shipping and Commission MERCHANTS. 19-tf HONOLULU, II. I. L. L. TORBERT, DEALER. IN LUMBER AND EVERY KIND OF BUILDING MATERIAL. Office Corner Queen and Fort Streets. 13-ly Bollcs & Co., SHIP CHANDLERS & COMMISSION MER CHANTS, Queen Street, particular attention paid to the purchase ana calo or Hawaiian i'roduce. Reruns sr permission to C. A. 'Williams A Co., I C. Brewer A Co., Castle A Cooke, II. Hackfeld A Co., D. C. Waterman, I C. L. Richards A Co 2-ly George G. Howe, Dealer in Redwood and Northwest Lumber, Shingles, Doors, Sash, Blinds, Nails, Faints, etc At his Old Stand on the Esplanade. 36-ly 3IKS. JT. II. BLACK, 'i?uicy Milliner, FORT ST., BETWEEN KING & HOTEL. Bonnets made up and trimmed in the latest styles. Stamping, Braiding and Em broidering, executed to order. S. SuvitlgCj IMPORTER & DEALER IN PROVISIONS AND COMMISSION MERCHAT. AGEKT FOR THE Haiku Sugar Company, Sale of Kawaihae Potatoes. Fort Street, Honolulu. 5-ly V. A. SCIIAKIT.It &, CO., COMMISSION MERCHANTS, HONOLULU, II. I. (K-lj) Ed. Hpffschlaeger,& Co., IMPORTERS & COMMISSIONMERCHANTS Honolulu, Oahu, H. I. 4-ly A. S. Clcghorn, WHOLESALE & RETAIL DEALER IN GEN ERAL MERCHANDISE, ; Fire-proofStore, corner of Queen and Kaahu- zminu Streets. 'Retail Bstahliabment on Nuuanu Street. 4-ly Theodore C. Heuck, 'IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT. Honolulu, Oahu, S. I. 1-ly 11. Hackfeld & Co., GENERAL COMMISSION AGENTS. ' Honolulu, Oahu, S. I. 8-ly 'n, J. D. WICKE, Asfcnt for the Ilrcmcn Hoard 1 HndcrnTtti-r. -All'af erage claims against said Underwriters, occurring in or about this Kingdom, will havo to be certified before me. 7-ly , Chun? Ilooii, 70MHISSI0N MERCHANT AND GENERAL AGENT, , AGE3TT FOR THE ''paukaaand Amauulu Sugar Plantations. Importer of Teas and other Chinese and For - eign Goods, and Wholesale Dealer in Ha waiian Produce, at the Fire-proof Store, Nuuanu Street, below King. 21-ly Afoii? & Acliuclc, Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in General Merchandise and China Goods, Firs-prool Store In Nuuanu Street, under the ;-.,,,FabUcHalL 43-tf W3I. KYAJV. ,VARIBSY STOSlil Wo. 2, Slauuakea Street, . All kinds of Merchandise and Groceries. 39-1 JEWELER AND ENCRAVER .MK. J. COSTA . Isinow prepared to execute with promptness ' all-work in his line of business, such as Watch and Clock Repairing, , Manufacturing Jewelry,. And Engraving. Shop on Fort Street, opposite Odd Fellows' nail. "61-3m BUSINESS NOTICES. HYSIAX IHtOTIIEISS, Importers and Wholesale Dealers In Fashionable Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, and every variety of Gentle, men's Superior Furnishing Goods. Store known as Capt. Snovr'fc Building MsanuieT Stuzt, Hoooluln, Oahu. E. IY?. VAN REED, COMMISSION MERCHANT, KAKAGAWA. Ilarins the htfl facilities tbroogh an intimate connection 'with the Japanese iraae lor too past eight vcatt, is prepared to transact any 1 .... Jionalati UUMUCSS VUUUclCU alia tttlC) mill uifjs,u 17-tf E. IT. ADAMS, AUCTIONEER & COMMISSION MERCHANT Fire-Proof .Store, Robinson's Building, Queen Street, Honolulu. 1-ly JOHN S. McCREW, M. D. 1'HYSICIAJV A; SUICGIZOrV ifil'FlCE-Ovtr Dr. . IIofTmann'i LP Drug Store, corner of Kaahumanu and Merchant sts., opposite the Tost Office. Residence on Chaplain Street, between Fort and .Tiuuanu Streets. Office Hocks from 8 to 10 A. M-; from 3 to 5 P. . (13-ly George Miller, CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER, Honolulu, II. I. Shop on the Esplanade, opposite Court House. 3U-tf C. S. BARTOW, ATJCTIOTTEER. Sales-Room, Queen Street, one Kaahumanu Street. door from 17-ly JOHK H. PATY, NOTARY PUBLIC And Commissioner of Deeds FOR THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA. Oliicc at the Bank or Bisnop A Co 2-ly J. MONTCOMERY COXTIXUES TO PKACTICE AS A Solicitor, Attorney, and Proctor in the Supreme Court, in Law, Equity, Admiralty, rrobate and Divorce. J-ot H. A. WIDEMANN, XOTAKY IMJM1.IC. Office at tiie Interior Department. My HUGHES, Importer and Manufacturer OF ALL KISDS OF SABDLEIIT. Carriage Trimming done with neatness and dispatch. All orders promptlyattended to. Corner or ir on and Hotel streets, jionoiuiu. 10-ly SAMUEL C. WILDER, rost-Officc address, "Wilper Plamtatios," 7-tf) Kualoa, Oahu. NEVILLE & BARRETT, Planters & General Store Keepers KEOPUKA, S. KONA, HAWAII. (Near Kcalakckua Bay.) Island produce bought, Ships supplied lfith Wood, Jieelaud other ncessaries. Agent at Honolulu. A. S. Clegiiorx. u-iy CHAUNCEY C. BENNETT, Dealer in Newspapers, Magazines, Period icals, etc. Fort Street, near King, Honolulu. 19-tf M. S. CRINBAUM & CO., IMPORTEUS AND WHOLESALE Dealers in Fashionable Clothing Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, and every variety of Gentlemen's superior furnishing goods. STORE IN MAKEE'S BLOCK, Queen Street, Honolulu, Oaliu. 10-tf BECK If AST PECX. H- A. r. CAETEE. & CO. SHIPPING C BREWER COMMISSION AND TCBB.C HANTS, llonolnlu. Oahu, II. I. ACEVTS Or the lloiton and Honolulu Packet Line. AGENTS Kor Hie Makre, IVaUuku and liana I'lnntatlons. AGENTS Kor the Purchase and Sale of Island Produce. REFER rejoin.- M. Hood, Esq New Tort Cuab. Brewer & Co. ) t), J as. HunnewEix. Esq. f -"O""1- J. C. Merrill & Co. ) K. S. Swain & Co. J-San Francisco. Ciias. Walcot Brooks, Esq. ) 5-ly E. C. ADDER LEY, Importer and Maker of all Kinds of SADDLERY, HARNESS, &c. Carriages trimmed with neatness and dis patch. All repairs done with care and promptness. SHOP OX FORT STREET, Next doorto J. M. Smith & Co's Drugstore. IS. B. A choice lot of Ladies Superior I Saddles on band. ,. 1 1 3 43 J. H. THOMPSON, GENERAL-. BLACKSMITH HONOLULU, II. I. A HAS COJfSTASTLY on hand and for sale, a good assortment of BEST BEFINED BAE IRON ! ALSO Best Blacksmith's Coal, At the Lowest Market Prices SS-ly m. itAjpjr.r:E, SHIPPING AND COMMISSION AGENT, Office with E. P.Adams, Esq., Q.UEEX STREET, n0X01Vri.C. Unas st riunssiox to Oen. Morgan X. Smith, C.IMenn. a Brewer Co. 8. Consul. Moot. Walker t Allen. Messrs. Richards Co. IE. P. Adams, Esq. p. SUGAR & MOLASSES. 1808 CER- IIII.O, II. I. Sugar anil ITIolnes. ROl' COMING IN AND FOR SALE IN V quauillies w uifc purcuaecrs, WALKER A ALLEN, 6-6m Agents. 0N0MEA PLANTATION. Siifjar an1.3f olaeH Crop ZOOMING IN, FOR SALE IX QUAXTI- J ties to suit purchasers, by WALKER ALLEN, 3-Cm . Agents. PRINCEVILLE PLANTATION. Sugar and Molac Crop 1808 ZOOMING IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTI- V tics to suit purchasers, by WALKER t ALLEN, 3-Bm ' Agents'. WAILUEJ; PLANTATION. 1YEW CROP L For sale bv 51-om C UKEWER & Co., Ajr'ts. 31AKUE PLAMATIOiV. li'Eff CROP OF SUGAR A1YD RIOLASSES VT01V C03IIG 1ST. iy For sale bv' 51-3m C. BREWER & Co., Agents. II. W. SEVE&AXCE. SEVERANCE, CLARK & CO., Commission Merchants AND SHIPPING AGENTS, San lVancico, Cala, Vc will attend to the rale of Sugar, and all kinds of Island Produce, also to the purchas ing and forwarding of .Merchandise Cash Advances mndc on Conslfrn- 12 meiits. Cm BELLE VUE LODGE, 1028 Stockton Street, San Francisco. Apartments Furnished and Unfurnished. miUS Splendid House, favorably X Lnown, two blocks from the Plain, is particularly patronized by families. Tho ap artments nave alt toe latest improvements. and command a beauulul view of toe Bay. A magnificent garden adorns the centre of the es tablishment and is for the use of the guests, gymnasium tor the children. The eating department is conducted by one oi tne best cooks on ttac Coast. Price 3Xodcrateaud Careful Attendance 35-3m G. W. IVORTON & CO. COOPERS AND GAUGERS. AT TIIE NEW STAND OX XIIK KSPI.ArAIE. g WE ARE gffi attend to PREPARED TO All. WOIUr JXJ OUR LlItfE At the Shop next to the Custom House, where we can bo found at all working hours. WE HAVE ON' HAND AND FOJt SALE OIL CASKS AND BARRELS, Of different sizes, new and old, which we will sell at the very LOWEST MARKET RATES. All work done in a thorough manner, and warranted to giro satisfaction. All kinds of Coopering Materials and Coopers' Tools for Sale. lMm JKO. SOTT. SAH'L SOTT. John Nott & Co., COPPER & TIN SMITHS, fTlAKE VLEASURE IN ANNOUNC- JL ing to the public that they are prepared to furnish all kinds of CorPCR Work, consist ing in part, of STILLS, STJtlKE PANS, SORGliAil PAXS, WOJUIS, PUMPS, c. Also on hand, a full assortment of Tin Ware, which we offer for sale at the lowest market prices. ALL KJSDS OF REPA1RIXG JDOXE WITIT XEATXESS ASI) DISPATCH. Orders from the other Islands will meet with prompt attention. Kaahumanu Street, one door above Flit- ner s. 51-3m EUREKA HOTEL! ASB RESTAWItAKT. DTraHAlFR0BINS0N WOULD respectfully inform, his friends and the public that be is fully prepared to carry on this business on tho most approved style, and respectfully solicits a share oi patronage. JVeallj- Furnished Rooim to Let upon Reasonable Terms, li-Sm Y0LCA1V0 HOUSE. CRATER OF KILATJEA, HAWAII. OTITIS ESTAIH.ISIIIIEVT tj -EHlnow open for the reception of visitorsS& L-a to the Volcano, who may rely on findine com fortable rooms, a good table, and prompt at tendance. Experienced guides for the Crater always in readiness. STEAK AND SULPHUR BATHS ! Horses Grained and Stabled if Desired. CHARGES REASONABLE. Parties i isiting the Volcano via Hiio, can procure animals, warranted to make the jour ney, by D. U. Hitchcock, Esq., Hilo. 35-ly GEORGE WJ.LLrAMS, LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT. tij. A Aittji ine iJUMticNS on his old plan of settling with officers and seamen immediately on their shipping at his office. Having no connection, either direct or indirect, with any outfitting establishment, and allowing no debts to be collected at his office he hopes to give as good satisfaction in the future as he has in the past. "TisOffieo on Jas. Robinson A Co.'s Wharf, sear the U. S.. Consulate. Hosvlulu, March 27, 1867. 51-3m Sterne Court-In Admlraltr. I Joe Suva vs. George W. Jenke Before Hod. Justice Davis in Chambers, March 1SC8. This was a libel in pcrtonam, brought to recover wages claimed to be due for ser vices rendered as mariner and cooper on board of the, American whaling bark Arthur Pickering, of Boston, Mass., whereof res pondent is Master. In the month of May or Jane, A. D. 1SC0, the said bark was at the Island of Bravo, Cape de Vcrdes, and the' libellant, a Portn. guese, was shipped or hired to 6erve on board atHrstas cook as well as seaman, under no Shipping Articles ; but three days after leav ing the island, on the high seas, the master caused tbo libellant to sign a certain paper .or agreement, the master explaining to bim that it was something necessary to be shown in case the said bark should meet with a ves sel of war, wbich.said writing Is as follows: "Islaxd or Bravo, June 3, 1SC6. This is to certify that I agree to perform' tne remaining part oi me voyage in mc uarK Arthur Pickering for 1-150 lay. I also a-rree to ship on the above terms before a U. S. Consul, when required to by tbc Captain. JOSEPH SILVA. his y.niark irn.' Warres Maifeld." After Silva had been on board about five months, tho master ordered him to act as cooner. which dutv the libel alleires the libel lant performed iailbfully until the arrival in lias pon, .iiarcn lum, a. i. isoo. The vessel took about 500 barrels of sperm oil during the voyage, CO barrels of which were taken prior to the vessel's touchier at Api. one of the Malaysian Archipelaco. and prior also to tbc time of libellant s. being re quired to do duty as cooper. The libel al leges that the libellant has songhta settle ment with said master, but has failed to ob tain any whatsoever. The answer admits the principal facts as to mode-of shiument and quantity of oil taken, bnt denies that libellant was in any sense a skillfulcoopcr or anything more man cooper s mate or assist ant to tbc master, who was actually the cooper of the ship; and the counsel for res pondent also maintained that- the libellant naving ueeu uiscuurgeu irom me snip; mat- it was not nececsary mat toe seaman's con tract should be in writing, by the general maritimulaw and prior to the tj.'S. Act, 1790, which Act only related to Hie shipment in an American port, and that theActssubseanent' jy passed ao not appiy to cases oi smpment abroad, wncre tncre is no American Consul. That the general maritime law is not super seded by the statutes of 1790, 1803. 1840. That the seaman njis liable to a forfeiture of wages bv desertion without being on the ar ticles, and it was claimed that libellant was a deserter. That it was manifest that the libelant's case did not fall within the pur Tien of the statute cited. The testimony of fered as to the facts in the case by both par lies was not comraaiciory. ana so iar as it is concerned, presents no embarrassment to tbc Court. He acted as cook so short a time, that it is not necessary to consider his qualifi cations, as he ought not to be better paid for that time than an ordinary seaman, that is to say, to time of departure from Api, where the old cooner went on shore, and whpn also it is claimed by the libel that the libel lant was promoted to the rank of cooper. As to his capacities as cooper, I think it is established, that lie was a useful assistant to the master, and for the time he worked with him at coopering his services were more val uable than those of an ordinary seaman or cook; it would seem that the master thought so himself, by calling him from the forecastle to the steerage to live, and permitting him to take his meals in the cabin. I come now to a consideration of the U. S, statutes re garding the shipment of seamen on board American vessels, and the legal points inuMe thereon, comprehending the decision of the American Courts, bearing upon tbc subject. uy me wici oi congress, miu July, lwu, section 8, it Is made the dnty of the master when shipping a mariner in a foreign port to take the lift of his crew and the d u nil- cat e of the Shipping Articles to tbc Consul, or person who discharges the duties of the office at that port, who shall make the pro per entries thereon, setting forth the con tract, and describing the person of the mari ner: and all shipments of seamen made con-1 trary to tbc provisions of this and other Acts of Congress shall be null aud void, and any seamen so snipped may leave uic service at anytime, and demand the highest rate of wages paid to any seaman snipped lor the voyage, or the sum Birrccd to be riven him at his shipment. Aimougu mere was a vice consul. at Bra vo, no appearance was made before him with the libellant. Bnt It is asserted by the res pondent that be bad no authority to certify to the shipment. Of this I am in doubt, as it appeared that he exercised on board the same ship, in my opinion, a much higher authority, that of taking two men out of the ship and confining them on shore to be sent for trial to the United States on a cbargc uf attempting to set fire to the ship. What could be the functions of such an officer, un-1 less tbey were such as arc set forth in tbc language of the statute itself, to discbarge tbc duties of the office of CodeuI nt that port? of which certifying to the shipments of mariners in a foreign port is undoubtedly one. But had the Captain desired to have complied with the laws of his country, there was a consul oi mc united stales at rorto Praya. a neighboring port, ailowinir for the argument's sake, the disability to exist for me oiucer at uravo, wuicn is very qnestlon- auie. itui nnaer any view oi me case, Rd mittinc tbat the Tesuondent was at a place aevoid oi an u. o. omciais, ana nis snip sen ousir in want oi men. it is ruv decided opin ion tbat he should have made bis contracts with tbe parties before proceeding to sea, wiiuc iney were irec agents and not yet un dcr tbe supreme control of tbe mastcr. It Is for this reason that I regard the con tract as of no value. The admiralty looks with jealousy at such informal contracts made with seamen under such circumstan ces. This Is to sav notlilnir of tbe vncue ncss of the contract itselC There Is no lim itation of the time or place for which the en gagement was made, mid uniestt we are bound to infer it from the expression 1-150 lay, there is no description whether the voyage is to be n general trading and Ircigming voyage, scat ing, Tjearl-diving or whaling voyage. The contract is uncaual: be Is to shin before a U. 8. Consnl vhen rebutted by the Captain not at me nrst L. B. consular port as order ed by statntc, thus leaving It optional with the master to ever ship him at all. In point ot lact the libellant remained on board this ship nearly two years without the security and mutual obligations of shipment on the articles, and not until some ten dajsaftcrthe ship bad arrived in Honolulu, and after tbe libellant had consulted counsel, did the Cap tain request him to ship. I have doubts also, whether the libellant even understood the alleged contract. The seaman not under articles is sublect to all tbe forfeitures imposed and rules fixed by tbe maritime law, which is part of the common law, yet he may not .be bound by the regulations for tbc government'of mar iners, exactly as prescribed bv tbc statute Jameson vs. ship Jirgulut, 1 Peters Adm., p. 212. He Is not outlawed and left without any control, bnt U required to perform his duties, and entitled to receive the benefits as If tbe act had never been made. Tbc policy of the law will not admit of such a contract, and-as is said by the learned Judge in the case of the Cruxcder, Ware's Rep., p. 448 in its nature it Is liable to be dissolved at the pleas ure of cither party, subject only to tbe eanit- able restriction, that this shall not be done under circumstances or at a time particular ly inconvenient or injurious to the otherpar ty Droit Civile Franeait, continuation of TvuU tier, by Durergier, Tot. 19, Ao. 2S4, 2S8. it tuese principles are correct, based upon the maritime laws of the United States, there was men noaescnion. iicmigntocguiliyoi no desertion underan'nnobjectionable agree- mentto ship, made at a place where there was ....., ..., """" Hon done during the transit to the first Con .u.a, .v. uum.ug iuC cuuiraci iur tue m" " .m" 'r-T,Vi J10 !?e rt!!.nnlvnerp!.rrinrprrrtnfl,nn,Mi.fl br the respondent's counsel himselfTame son vs ship lleqvlui,, 1, Peters' Admiralty dc - cisions. page Sl2 as to the rule for flxinir the amonnt ot waces for a seaman shipned without signing articles. He most be paid at thefaighest rate of wages, given at the port of shipment within three months next pre cedent. The Court say it was fixed at the highest rate, tbat masters might be more on their guard, etc. What tbat woges should ' be, cannot be determined by tbc rates at Bravo, for we are not informed of them. We mnst be guided by the rates shewn by wit nesses, both for respondent and libellant, customary at Honolulu, the port of discbarge and settlement. Allowing then, tbat the libellant was not bound by his contract to remain in the vessel at the pleasure of the master, but might at auy convenient time put an end to It by his own act; It has not been contended that any iDconycnience uas resulted to me master oy his leaving at this port, or that it would be even necessary to supply his place by another nana, or ii so, mat mere could De any dim culty in filling the vacancy at this port. My opinion is. that there has been no de sertion within the meaning of the law, and I decree the libellant entitled to the 1-150 lay as ordinary seaman in the SO barrels of oil lascn prior to arrival at Api, and alter leav ing tbat place be is entitled to a higher lav. the 1-75 of the ship's catchings, less the 30 uarrcis, acaucung an payments winch nave been made in tbc course of tho voyage. rncc oi me sperm on to lie nxca at me uon suiar rate at this port. Henry Thompson Esq., for libellant. J. W. Austin and A. J. Lawrence, Esqs., iur ruspunueuu 1'koci:ei)lgs LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 1868. Twestt-First Dat, TUESDAT-, May 12, Assembly met at 10 A. is., H. II. M. Keku- anaoa in the chair. Prayer by tho Chaplain. Minutes of pro- ceding day wero read and approved. Petitioss. Mr. ood offered a petition from Honolulu, protesting 'against tho taking of the Kunawai Spring. Referred to the Spe cial Committee on tbat bill. Reports of Committees. Military Com mittce reported that the expenses of the De partment were in regular form, and recom mended the passage of tho appropriation as in the Bill, llicy also suggested an appropri ation for each of the military companies of Honolulu, signed by four of tho Committee. Mr. Hitchcock moved to print the expenses as in the report, except the estimato for tho coming period. Mr. Lyons amended, to print the entire ro port. Carried. Mr. Judd presented a minority report, which differed but little from the other, lie had not seen the vouchers for an item of $10,700 that was to have been expended for arms, ammuni. tion, etc. Minority report was, on motion, ordered to be printed with the majority report. Mr. Hitchcock moved to'tablc the reports to bo taken up with the Appropriation Bill Carried. Finance Committee reported on the petition from Haalou, asking for the whole of tbc ap propriation for mail carrying on Oahu, in favor of tabling said petition, as, on examination. they had found tbat the sum paid him was ac cording to his own contract with iho Postmas ter. Mr. Kaukaha moved to bring up tho matter before tne Committee of the wnolo now. Mr. Mahelona supported the motion. Mr. Bishop explained, but he, not being sat isfied, Mr. B. moved to have the member for Ewa and Waianae a special committee to ex amine the matter. Mr. Mahelona approved, and said he could do it. He thought that the Minister of Finance or the Postmaster had the money stowed away for their own use. This man Haalou was get ting but $1 per week, when he should receive $10, then he eould buy himself a spoon, some beef and a loaf of bread. I herefore he wished to baTC this thing examined. Mr. Hopu thought tbat the House should ex- amine the subject. Thero was no proof that a contract had been made between the Postmas ter and Haalou. Let the contract be produced. He did not understand the accounts that were offered to the Honsc. The books themselves should ho produced. Like enough the excess of the appropriation over the expenditure had been returned to tho Finance Department, hut what proof have we. Mr. Kaukaha was of opinion that this was one of the strangest things tbat we havo beard Mr. Keawehunahala said he belonged to the Committee, and a full examination was made. He hoped the House would accept the report of tbe Committee. Mr. Nahaku moved to appoint a Special Committee of Kepresentativcs only, to exam ine the matter. Committee. nons. J. A. Nahaku, S. W. Mahelona, A. Hopu, D. Kaukaha, J. Upa. Mr. Hitchcock moved the order of the day. Passed. Order of inn Dav. Mr. Keawehunahala moved to reconsider the appropriations for the Judiciary. Passed. A bill to amend Sec. 1247 of tho Civil Code, was read second time. The hill was to ' limit the time within which claims of creditors against the estates of deceased persons should be presented, and suits be commenced to en. force rejected claims, and amend Section 1247 or tne Civil uode. Mr. Nahaku moved to refer the bill to a Committee of the House. Passed. Mr. Kalu called to the chair. Bill read. Mr. Nahaku amended to have notice in serted in he Hawaiian Gazette, Au Okoa, or some other paper. His Ex. S. II. Phillips amended to Insert in said papers or any other approved by the Justice Mr. Lyons moved to strike out the words Hawaiian Gazette and An Okoa, and insert any paper or papers approved bv the Justice. Mr. judd amended to insert notice in all the papers pnbhshed in Honolulu His Ex. S. H. Phillips' amendment was put and earned. Committee rose, and report approved. On motion the bill was referred to a select committee. Committee. Hons. H. R. Hitchcock, S. n. Phillips, W. P. Eamakau, C. J. Lyons, II. Kuihelartf. On motion, the House adjourned. Twextt-Secosd Dat, Mat 13. Assembly met at 16 A.M. H. H. M. Ke- kuanaoa m the chair. After-prayer by the Chaplain, the minutes or tne preceding day were read and approved. Pethioxs.-Mt. Upa presented a petition from Hilo, prayingthatcertain fishing grounds be opened to the public. Also, a petition to extend the time of sitting of the jury court. Tabled. Mr. Lyons presented a petition from the soldiers, tbat the pay be $10 per month, with food and clothing, or $15 without or that the Legislator fix the pay, Mr. Hitchcock moved tbat all the petitions from the soldiers be referred to a special eom- smtee, ana mat said committee be instructed to meet with the petitioners and learn their diffi cutties. Mr. Judd objected. He said that there were a large number of natives that would be glad . to enlist aJ& a month and found; that all who enlisted did so or their own Tree will, j Mr. Hitchcock's motion was carried. ; Cohiuttee Hons. Hitehcoek. Pilipo, Kelii- - . pio, ivo-utanuanu uot. xrouunis. - 1 Retort op Committees. Mr, Dominis re- p()rted several bills signed by the King, i Committee to whom was referred tha horso had substituted a new bill,. the jubstanee of - I w.h"-?.wa5 tbit. aJi l"" iMS-than $30 , ,boal1 be !"e(i eent' "d.r.10Ter' I e"cP' sucn " we worth over $100 on them I K.x J lu Per cent- additional on the value. Mr. Lyons moved to approve tho report of lu, wuiuiiiicv, auu uia&e tue uui oruer oi tne day for to-morrow. Pafted.. Resolutions. Mr. Martin introduced a bill in regard to the marriage of Lepers. Passed to 2d reading. Mr. Mahelona offered a resolution that the Minister of Finance he instructed to pay the .1 n Tt, . .. 1 T . . . L . T -II , . .. ueiegates to tne vonTcntion oi IS04, ?IUU each. Tabled. Mr. Boyd gave notice of a bill to amend See. 1074 of the Civil Codo. Mr. Kaiue introduced a bill to provido a Circuit Judge for tho Island of Molokal. Mr. Lyons moved to reject the bill. Passed. U. II. Lunalilo offered a resolution that the thanks of the Assembly be presented to the King for his patronage of tho Concert at Ka waiahao in aid of tho unfortunates atKau. In definitely postponed. Mr. Jones introduced a bill to appoint a Registrar of Conveyances at Lahaina. On motion of Mr. Upa the order of the day was taftn up. Order of the- Dat Appropriation Bill was in order, Mr. Keawehunahala moved to Buspend the rules and reconsider the appropriation for Deputy Clerk of the Supremo Court. Passed. House went into Committee for considera tion of the Appropriation Bill. Mr. Boyd called to the chair. Mr. Keawehunahala amended tho salary of the Deputy Clerk to $3000. Mr. Nakila objected. He thought that the member for Waialua did not bring forward any good reasons. The bead of the Depart ment probably knew what were thq duties of the several clerks, and paid them accordingly. Ho did not like this reduction of income and increase of salaries. Mr. Mahelona compared the salaries of various clerks in government employ, and showed conclusively that the Deputy Clerk of the Supreme Court was under paid. Mr. Hopu said that the duties of the Deputy Clerk at present did not exceed those of tho last period, and he saw no reason to increaso tbe salary. He thought that tho first duty of the house was to study economy, and all the government salaries ought to he reduced. The duty of tbe Representatives was to take care of the public money, and this continual in crease of various salaries was throwing away the revenue. Mr. Mahelona sustained the amendment without reserve. Mr. Koakanu was of opinion that the reason that the members for Ewa and Waianae and Waialua supported tho amendment was that they wished to increase the work of the Dep uty clerk. The Chief Justice did not ask for an increase of pay, nor even had he heard it asked by the gentleman himself. The mem ber for Waialua was raising the'salarics. Per haps he would propose to givo tbe Miuisterof the Foreign Department $12,000. Petitions have tome in for appropriations for light houses, roads, bridges, wharves, and a great many other things, but if we increase tbc sal aries wo shall not have any money to devote to internal improvement, lie supported the item as in the bill. Mr. Hitchcock amended to $2,700. Amendment were put and lost, and the item as in the bill $2,400 was passed. Salary of Minister of War and ioreign Affairs, $10,000. Mr. Koakanu amended to $8,000. Mr. Nakila amended to $7,000. Mr. Lyons said that it was an unfortunate thing that in a small country like this, we had to discuss before those for whom we were leg islating. The expense of the Government of Prussia was Si, for Austria $7, and France, with all her standing army, only $3 a bead. In tho United States the salaries of leading men were not large. Here the old chiefs ought to have a competence, for it is the wish of the entire people. Those foreigners who wero employed to help carry on the Govern ment should not receive proportionate salaries. It was a notorious thing, that those who car ried on tho Government were too well paid to accord with the condition oC the people. It was welt Known that the common people wero comparative misery, while the Ministers were extremely well paid, and all for support ing the state and dignity of the country. Mr. Rhodes said he was not prepared with statistics, but he thought that tho salaries of the Ministers near the CrOwn in other lands should have been given. They were very high, sometimes as high as $50,000. This country was not as rich as England, but it was a kingdom, and its officers should be well paid, for their responsibilities were great. The present sum was according to the desire of tho King. These men were the companions of thT King, and they had a great deal of business. What was a few thousand dollars, could we not afford It to these gentlemen. Tho members should understand that most of the abuse heaped upon the Government Umcers by tne press or Honolulu was Irom foreign lands, lie wished to impress upon the native members that this was not a Re public, and tbat a Monarchy was.su expensive form of Government. If the present holders of the Government offices were to resign, per haps men could be found to d6 the work for $2,000 a year, but what would beeome of the country? Mr. yy ilder wished to support the item as in the bill. He should vote to reduce some of the appropriations for the Department, but he considered the place worth $5,000. And es pecially if the money was spent in tbe coun try, be would not begrudge tbe gentlemen his board and clothes. Mr. Kaukaha supported the amendment to $3,000. He thought tbat was sufficient. The Minister did not work Sundays ami a good many other days, and he thought that was to much. If he was paid $10 per diem it would be about right. Mr. Koakanu supported his amendment. Many years ago this position was not very expensive, hut tho Minister received all that was necessary. Tbe remark of the Honolulu member tbat $10,000 was the wish of the King was .probably true, but it was not tbe wish of the people. They wanted to hare taxation re duced. He agreed with 'the member for Ko to ala. He was not talking for himself, but for tbe people whom be represented. He thought that the Ministers would agree with bim. Mr. Boyd called Mr. Nahaku to tbe chair. and he made a few remarks. He said that he came here to serve the public interests. He was not a partisan of any one. But yet be bad not beard any good reason advanced for redaction of the salaries. Some might say that the pay was too much, but all mnst re member that they devoted their whole time to this business. They hare no time to lay up a compete ncof for their old age. He. did not agree with (he idea advanced that foreigners should not be appointed to any offices, because tbat we natives have not yet learned the science of government,' and must call upon ethers to do it for us. H. H. Lunalilo was much opposed to the remarks of Mr. Boyd. There was no reason why the Ministers should be paid so much. A Reason for so much salary was,-that themnst entertain foreign visitors. Where were they 7 Let tbe Minirf " payout of their own pockets tbe expense ' cir foreign visitors. Mr. Lyons the reason that he referred to other Governments was, that it was a subject of remark tbat the expenses of this Government ware heavy, and some mode of reduction shoald.be, devised. H. H. M. Kekcanaoa asked who here would accept a position under His Majesty. He did not see as any one was ready tody it. He supported the salary as it was, $10,000. Ron. 1 . Iiahaolelna said that the times were changed. The King could sot get native advisers as he used to, but must depend upon foreigners. Mr. Koakanu thought that the Ministers should be paid for their work, not for the number of people depending upon them. Ha had no personal motive in bringing forward this amendment. He thought tbat the Nobles should not use strong language on this ques tion. He supported the amendment for the benefit of tbe people of his district. Mr. Bishop said that a mistake had been made in regard to the- King's request, of a salary for the Ministry. The request Was for $6,000 a .year. It passed at $5,000. He thought chat there was no reason to increase the expenditures, but $5,000 was little enough for the Ministers, and that he should support the item as in the bill. U. II. Lunalilo supported the amendment for $8,000. I Hon. P. Kanoa supported the passage of the item as in the bill. On motion of Mr. Lyons the ayes and nays were called. Question before the House was the item as in the bill. Ayes 22,. nays 14. Committee rose, report approved, and the House adjourrcd. Twestt-third Dat, Tucrsdat, Mat 14. Assembly met at 10 A. M. Vice President in the chair. After prayer by tbe Chaplain, the minutes of the preceding day were read and approved. rETirioxs. Jir. 1'iupo presented a petition from Uaanio, praying for $80 to be returned him that be paid for land, which has re verted to the Government. Referred to Com mittee on Government lands. Mr. Mahelona presented a petition from Ewa praying to reduce uorse tax to nlty cents. Tabled. Resolctioxs. Mr. Uoyu introduced a bilf to exempt parents sending children to select schools from school tax. Mr. Mahelona introduced a bill to introduce bill to empower the collectors to exempt iek and infirm people from taxation. Re jected. Mr. iioyd introduced a bin to amend section 1074 of the Civil Code. Mr. Martin gave notice of a billito appoint times for holding Circuit Courts. On motion of Mr. Hitchcock the order of the day was taken up. Urder of tiie vnr.ua motion the House went into Committee for consideration of tbe 11 on horse tax. Mr. Kalu called to the "chair. Report of Select Committee including tbe amended bill was read. His Ex. S. 11. Phillips moved to amend Section 1 by inserting, horses of all ages, so all horses might be taxed. Section as amend ed passed. Section 2d was .read. Mr. Judd moved to reject. Second 2d passed, and the bill as a hole passed. Committee rose, report approved and the bill ordered to engrossment. A bill entitled "an act to amend an act to repeal Chapter 1U of tbe Civil Code, and to regulato the Bureau of Public Instruction, by adding Sections 26 (a), 26(b), 26 (e) was read. House went into Committee for considera tion of the bill. Mr. Nahaku called to the chair. Bill read. The bill was to have parents pay for the books used by their children In Government schools, exceptkin cases of inability. They should then be exempted according to the judgment of the School Agent Mr. Hitchcock, amended Section 2 by insert -ing " Government" before the words " com mon schools." Accepted. Mr. Keawehunahvla moved to indefinitely postpone. Lost. Bill as a whole passed.! Committee rose, report approved, and the bill ordered to engrossment. A bill for a light bouse at Honolulu was read. On motion indefinitely postponed. A bill to admit copper, Ac, free of dnty, was read, and referred to Committee for trans lation. A bill to admit certain articles used in tan ning free of duty, was ordered to engrossment. House went into Committee for considera tion of the bill concerning land boundaries. Mr. Kcakanu called to the chair, Bill read and discussed at some length. - Committee rose and reported progress. Re port approved. Got. Dominis then withdrew from Select Committee on Military. House adjourned. TwEsir-FocRin Dat, Fridat, May 15. Assembly met at 10 A. M. II. U. M. Ke- kuasaoa in tbe chair. After prayer by the Chaplain, the mlnntes of tho preceding diy were read and approved. Petitions. Mr. Upa presented a petition from Hilo, praying that natives making con tracts wmi toreigners do not engage at less than $15 a month. Tabled. . Mr. Martin presented a petition from Kau. asking -tbat contracts may be drawn up in both English and Hawaiian. Referred to Judiciary Committee. Reports of Committees Select Commit- teo reported against taking possession of the spring called Kunawai, and in favor of erecting works for taking water from a spring near the Insane Asylum ; also recommending the open ing of School street to Llliha street, and grading Liliha street, which would raise the value of property in that direction enough to pay in a short time for the expenses connected with, new works. Signed by a majority of tbe Committee. Report approved. Resolctioxs. Mr. Hopu gave notice of a bill to tax cattle, sheep and goats. Mr. Martin introduced a bill appointing a time for holding the various Circuit Courts. His Ex. F. W . Hutchison gave notice of a bill to take possession of portions of Honolulu for laying water pipes. Op motion of Mr. Hitchcock the order of tho day was token up. Order or Tne Dat. Appropriation Bil!. House went Into committee of the whole for its consideration. Mr. Mahelona called to- the chair. Items passed as follows t . 4 Salary of Secretary of Fof ejgn Affairs $4,000. Salary of Minister Uesideot In United States. $10,000. f His Ex. C. de Varigny moved to postpone action for the present. Carried. Charge de AfTaires at London, $1,600. Office expenses Foreign Agents, $2,000. Postage and incidentals, $2,000. Expenses Foreign Missions, $5,000. Mr. Lyons moved to postpone consideration of this item until the salary of the Minister Resident to the United States came up. Mr. Koakanu amended to strike out tbe item. He was in favor of setting aside a sum of $5,050 to. be put ont at Interest for the pur pose of extraordinary expenses. His Ex. C, de Varigny said that it was a necessity to have foreign agents, to keep up the name of the government, and we eouldnottell when an extraordinary mission would be re quired, 'thereforo he advocated this Item. The south sea. islands had no representatives in other lands and were they respected 7 Were they .not traduced 7 Mr. Lyons said that we had been bariair a commissioner or something of that sort in the uuuea ouies, ana Old no Kept up the honor of the nation particularly? If this iteer passed it would in all probability be used, and where, no one knew. Now, all wi4ted to hare it un derstood exactly where this mosey was. to be applied. Mr. Koakanu very strongly argued & ne cessity of setting aside a certain sum to be used for extraerduary foreign saterioas. He thought that if the rum of $5,000 was pat In, the beak to draw interest, it would pay all ex peas e ot these- ul'sioss. But if we now appropriated Continued on eeeond pa$c.