OCR Interpretation

The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, May 27, 1868, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1868-05-27/ed-1/seq-2/

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Director of the Government Press.
The Annual Examination of the Gov't Eng
lish Day Schools in this district will take place
at the Mililani Girls' School, King Street, and
at the Royal School, Kahehuna, on Monday
and Tuesday, the 15th and 16th prox. respec
tively, commencing at 9 o'clock a. K. The
public are invited to attend.
By order of the Board.
W. Jab. Sunn,
. Education Office, May 2S.IS68. Sec'y.
Pdbuc Notice. The attention of the
public of Honolulu is directed to the fol
lowing sections of the Civil Code, which
will" be Btrictly enforced from and after
this date:
Sec. 338. It shall be tho duty of the Fire
Wardens, twice in every year, and as much
ofteaer ai they may think proper, to examine
the dwelling-houses and other buildings in
their respective districts, for thepurpojo of as
certaining any violations of this law, and also
to examine the fire-places, hearths, chimneys,
stores and stove-pipes in their respective dis
tricts, and upon finding any of them defective
they, or either of them, shall direct the owner
or occupant, by written notice, to alter, re-
lect or refmal so to do, the party offending
shall forfeit and pay twenty-five dollars, for
the benefit of tho Fire Department, and frr
erery day of the time allotted for snch altr l-
tion. ramnvAl nr mr.pnftment. the Tiartv of fl
ing shalMbrfeit and pay the further sum' of
ten dollars, and the Fire Warden may make
such alteration, removal or amendment at the
expense of the said owner or occupant.
Sec' 339. It shall be the duty of each and
every Fire Warden to prosecute all persons
guilty of a violation of any of the provisions
of this law, before the Police Court of Hono
Inln, and they shall pay over all fines collected
to the Treasurer of the Fire Department, de
ducting twenty per cent of such fines for their
respective services.
Sec. 317. No person shall, nnless by per
mission of the Chief Engineer, kindle any
fire, or furnish the materials for any fire, nor
in any way authorize any fire to be made in any
street, road, lane, market-place or other high
way, or on any pier or wharf in the city, (ex
cept for the purpose or boiling tar, which fire
shall not be more than ten feet from the end of
the pier or wharf.) under the penalty of five
dollars for each offence.
Sec. 348. Every building occupied as a
dwelling-house in Honolulu, or as a store
house, or regular place of business, shall be
furnished with at least two fire-buckets, which
shall be kept in a conspicuous place, and upon
which the name of the owner shall be painted ;
and all occupants of buildings not so furnished
shall be liable to a fine not exceeding ten dol
lars. C. K. Williams,
Chief Engineer II. F. Dep't.
Honolulu, April 15th, ISG8.
We regret that the use of a vituperative
term hoopilimeani by the Advertiser
and "tKvoJcoa, applied to the members of
tho 'Legislative Assembly, is persisted in,
.notwithstanding the experiences of the
,It, is riot, worth while, in extenuation, to
argue upon the precise definition of the
word, or explain, as the Advertiser has
done on several occasions when using the
word, that it will bear a modified and less
offensive meauing:. it is enough to know
that, to the Hawaiian mind, it conveys an
offensive insult, and does not fail to excite
anger, and appeal to personal proness Tor
redress as some lyiglish words which
are universally conceded to call for action,
and not argument, from the person to
whom they are applied.
The term can not be applied inoffen
sively, and the journals in questioo intend
it offensively, as applied to the Assembly,
and therefore openly court personal re
sponsibility by its continued reiteration.
Ant excitement has already commenced
over itj use again last Saturday, which we
are sure will result in no good to the public
welfare, and may lead the Assembly, as tt
the session of 1666, to a decided assertion
of its personal dignity, and away from that
legislative work which, so far, they have
prosecuted with commendable diligence.
It was no pleasant thing in that session
-tepee a reverend gentleman placo himself
in a "false position, and measure himself
needlessly with the highest tribunal in the
Kingdom, on a point of privilege, and we
believe that that excitement was the in
stigating cause of other unpleasant and
needless disturbances in the Assembly,
culminating in a hubbub which only those
who wish to break down representative
legislation in Hawaii nei, can wish to sec
occur again.
It is a weakness, both of argument and
character, to abandon reasonable discus
sion, and toss abusive epithets at an op
ponent. Better, far, to lower the standard
and accept defeat, either real or feigned,
than use personal abus;, or insist upon the
last word, or be provoked to retaliation in
kind, to on adversary who stoops to snch
modes of attack.
Tho members of the Assembly may not
be called venal, without offense ; neither
will it advance the aims of parties either
in or out of that body, to depreciate or
malign the personal honor of any or all its
"members.' It is the misfortune of all who
servo the Government to catch flings of
this kindj and it may, or nay not, be mer
itorious for them to bear it patiently, and
avoid open infraction of the laws, bat the
.. man who sacrifices his time aud means to
do the legislative work, may be excused if
he grows intemperate in his efforts to repel
attacks on his honor. Xottbey who
break the laws, but the instigators on such
occasions, axe the parties who are morally
In' 1866, members were Tioopilirxtaai
who opposed the .reduction of the horse
taj, momentous issue, truly, pp. which
to accuse men of selling' their honor; this
session, apparently, it is those who believe
in granticg a subsidy to tire ocean steamers.
According to one pnblic journal, it is those
members who believe in the Government
atoll, or that it can or will advance a single I
proposition beneficial to the pnblic wel
fare, or who dare to vote for any of its
We could not hare much confidence in
legislative bodies if we believed that either
here or elsewhere, members wern bound to
follow my leader," in the style claimed
by our independent journals, that their Tree
judgment should not bo open to the legiti
mate influences of sound argument and
logical discussion. Certainly, in this King
dom, the member so tied, even to tic so
called people's party, would be a worse
enemy to the public welfare'vhan any man
yet who has fumed under the abusive term
of hoopilimcaai.
The present Assembly equals in personal
honor, integrity and intellect, any that
have preceded it, and we nay rightfully
expect'that they will truly and faithfully
discharge the high trust imposed on them
by the electors, and we are sure that they
will not allow, among themselves, insultiug
epithets, nor suTer heated politicians out
side, to insult the dignity or the Assembly
in the person or any of their number.
The Assembly were occupied yesterday,
in debating the reconsideration of the
resolution, of Hon. C. Kalu, on the P.
C. Advertiser. The reconsideration was
carried, ayes 22. nays 18 ; andllebate upon
the resolution will come up, to-day.
The Assembly decided last session that
the word Jioopilimeaai, was abusive and
li .jji;.LltM, it, ihewseltea punlSUaDle,
they do not stem in the debate of yester
day to have receded from that opinion
and we hope hereafter it may be discarded
j from journalism.
The Attorney General, in commenting
upon the remarks in the Advertiser of
last Saturday, on the decoration of Ad
miral Thatcher, declared that in his opin
ion they were grossly libelous, and would
so be held by every court of law. His
strictures upon the article were very se
vere. In the debate, as reported, we are made
to assume the responsibility of the argu
ments and assertions of certain broadsides
which have been printed as jobs in this
office, on the subsidy question. We have
issued no extras of our papers on this
question, except the translation of the
letter of A. Z., which appeared in the
The opening of Hiogo and Osaca on the
inland sea, on the first of January last, lias
brought to open war the two great parties
In Japan. The treaties of 185S were made
with the Shogoon, or Military' head of the
Empire, whose capital, Yeddo, was the place
sought by the foreign diplomatists as the
centre of authority, and until the murder of
Mr. Richardson In 1S62, It was not discover
ed that the Mikado, or Spiritual Emperor, is
regarded by the Japanese as the Supreme
Ruler. It was for the purpose of getting,ac-
cess to this personage, and having communi
cation with his capital, Kioto, that the trea
ty powers sought to have Osaca made an open
So long as the Mikado remained secluded
and the foreign relations of the Empire were
managed by the Sbogoon, hi authority Could
not be gainsayed or withstood by the other
Daimios. But this foreign policy having
been shaped to benefit the Shogoonate and
exclude princes who naturally desired to
share in the trade, and the divisions of opinion
naturally arising In such a moraentuons
change, as the opening of the Empire to for
eign intercourse after centuries ol isolation,
caused a confederation of those Daimios who
differed from the Sbogoon and his party, and
a contest commenced, as to which should gain
possession of the Mikado, or in other words,
appropriate the insignia and power of this
Spiritual Emperor. From being a cypher in
the Empire, tliU Emperor now becomes the
real, as he always has been, the hereditary
Lead of the nation.
Stotsbashi, the Sbogoon, has been consld- j
cred the head of the party favoring the open
ing of the country to foreign intercourse the.
party of progress but some believe that
while openly professing the utmost friend
ship to foreigners and desire for trade, he is
jealous of their too rapid progress, and in
clined to be unfriendly at hear, and unfavor
able to all those concessions for trade and
commerce-desired by the foreign powers.
Naturally be might be jealous of their too
near approach to, and influence upou the Mi
kado and bis court, to whom as Daitnio, he
owes fealty and allegiance in common with
the other princes, and desired that the whole
foreign policy might be conducted through
himself. With the Mikado on Iris side, the
Shogoon is omnipotent, against him, he is
shorn of bis strength, and only able by force
of arms and civil war to retain his own office
and authority.
When therefore, the Foreign Ministers re
moved to Osaca, a council of the great Dai
mios was called to meet at Kioto, to deter
mine upon the future foreign policy, and
thither the Shogoon went, bnt the Southern
Daimios refused, asserting that they would
not meet in council under the guns of, the
large foreign fleet which bad assembled in
the waters of the inland sea. Satsuma, Cho
isu, Tosa and others of those southern chiefs
hostile to the foreign policy of the Shogoon,
and jealous of bis authority, entered into a
confederation and determined to seize the
person of the Mikado and assume the sover
eignty through him.
Instead therefore of coming peacably to
the grand council at Kioto, they came sur
rounded by their armed retainers, and the
Sbogoon was forced for safety, to retire to his
rustle at Osaca and await reinforcements.
The confederate Daimios in possession of
Kioto, while nominally obedient to the Mi
kado (a boy of nine or ten years) virtually
held him a prisoner and assumed the direc
tion of affairs.
On the 27th of January, theShogoon, with
out wal'ing for all his forces to come up, aud
without usual military precaution, marched
from Osaca to Kioto, and after four days fight
ing, was defeated and fled. Ills army was
scattered without any line of retreat being
open, and with his officers only, be escaped by
flight to a foreign vessel of war lying at nio
go, and thence by his own vessel to Teddo.
The prime cause of this, route, was the ap
pearance on the field of the banner of the
Mikado, artfully displayed by the confeder
ates at the head of their troops on the third
day of the combat. The sight of this flag
caused the defection of a port crful Prince and
his division on the field, and the development
of the fact, that even the Shogoon would not
contend against the sacred banner of the MI
kado, no matter by what means it came to be
at the head of an army.
It is evident that the position of the Mika
do and his functions In the Japanese polity,
have never been fully appreciated by foreign
ers. He seems to hold the place of a god as
well as that of Sovereign In the eyes of the
Japanese. He is seated on the throne of the
religions sentiment of the Empire, and diso
bedience is not only rebellion, bnt impiety.
Instances in history are not wanting to match
this subjection of the temporal to the spirit
ual power.
Although it Is certain that the. Mikado Is
under restraint, that his decrees are bnt the
decrees of Satsuma and Cbolsu, who issue in
his name whatever suits their own political
purposes, yet this is not argued by any of the
northern Daimios as an excuse for opposing
This reverence Is a wonderful revelation of
Japanese character. The shadow of a name
wields the substance of an Invincible power,
and Stotsbashi the Sbogoon flies from tb
field, gives up his regal power, divests him
self of bis authority, rather than light against
a standard around which clusters the super-
stitlou of ages.
With the Mikado's flag, Satsuma carries
seven-eighths or all the power iu the conn
try, and those who fight against it are deem
ed atheists, and are posted outlaws.
The result of the civil war so far is, that
the confederate Daimios have possession of
Kioto and all the Southern provinces. On
lljo Oil, ur Feb., an Vlltuy rioin Ilia Impcrtnl
Majesty the Mikado was received by the For
eign Ministers at Hlojro, who announced that
a new system of government had been estab
Usbed, by which the office of Shogoon was
abolished; the Mikado himself henceforth
takes direct and entire charge of the Empire.
Satsuma and Choisa have been ordered to
take charge of the foreign settlements, and
the strictest orders have been given to avoid
giving offence to the foreigners. The Cus
torn House officers of the Mikado have re
placed those of the Sbogoon in the southern
ports, and will do so in Yokohama and the
northern ones w ben the civil war is over.
The new government professes the utmost
friendship to foreigners, and will assume all
the treaty obligations entered into by the
Shogoon. But whether the Sbogoon will
yield his office without further effort remains
yet to be seen. '
His troops are being concentrated about
Yeddo, and with the arrival of the Stonewall,
he will have a vessel which may defy the nt
most (lower of bis enemies. It is thought
by the Japanese newspapers that the notili
cations issned oy the Ministers, forbidding
the sale of arms to cither party or to either
government, means that Gen. Van Valkcn-
burgwill not deliver over the Stoneicatt to
Stotsbashi. But as we understand the posi
tion of the vessel, she was delivered over to
the Shogoon's officers in the United States,
and wheushe was In Honolulu she was under
the Japanese flag, and her officers and crew,
except the Captain, were in the Japanese
service. Her delivery, therefore, Is an accom
plished fact, and not dependent on the state
of affairs in Japan.
The intention of the Sbogoon is not yet
clear. His ability to reverse his disasters and
reinstate bis authority, are still within his
power, but Ms disposition is pacific, and his
policy averse to bloodshed. His acceptance
of the Shogoonate, which was forced upon
him, was with the avowed purpose of con
ciliating the opposing riartlce,;vhicli were
rending the Empire with their' dissensions,
and with the hope to adapt the public policy
and soften prejudices of the Japanese to the
new order of things consequent upon open
ing the country to foreign intercourse.
He must keenly feel the desertion of the
foreign powers with which he entered Into
treaty relations, iu this day of his trouble.
These have all gone to Osaca, to court the
rising sun of the Mikado.
Our Consul at Yokohama believes that the
Shogoon, If he choose to fight it out, Vonld
conquer the southern Daimios, bet that he Is
averse to shedding blood, and has already
caused many of bis officers to commit bara
kiri to prove their attachment to hi ni. Should
Stotsbashi yet win the day and procure the
release of the Mikado from the clutches of
the southeni Daimios, there is no doubt but
that his government would become power
ful, and foreign interest be fostered and pro
tected. But Stotsbashi is ahead of his time
be is too much of a statesman for his slow
Mb. Editor: A government should be ad
ministered with strict economy of expendi
ture. Measures of internal Improvement and
general benefit to the people. should be lib
erally sustained, but not one dollar should
be expended where it can not show its value
received in a corresponding benefit, in good
accomplished. Money so expended in the
improvement of harbors, roads, and bridges,
so far as they are needed to meet the wants of
agriculture and commerce, is well expended.
Money expended to promote an enlightened
and efficient system of schools, and to pro
mote intelligence, generally, conld not be
better disposed of.
Salaries of public officers should be fair
but moderate, and full employment should
be provided for every officer. For example:
it is better to have one Circuit Judge on Ha
waii an able and upright man, and pay him
a fair salary than to have thrcif as now.
Where the duties of one office are not suffi
cient to give full employment, some others,
cot incompatible In the nature of things,
should be added"; aud where this is imprac
ticable, then the officer should be allowed to
combine some private and honorable business
to add to bis means of living, and-bis salary
as an officer should be only proportioned to
its duties and responsibilities. And no offi
cer having the duties of several departments
confided to him should' feel ttart he receives
no compensation for some one of them. If
the Post-master is sheriff or collector, the
duties of the one are jest as obligatory and
imperative as those of the other. So, also,
if the Minister is required to sit as a legis
lator. No one, in such circumstances, can
say, "I do this, or that, without pay," for
he is expressly paid lor doing this very thing,
as well as the other. Competency, efficiency,
and integrity should be songbt in every de
partment. No favoritism, no imposition of
taxes for useless expenses. Something is to
be allowed for tbe dignity of the King, but
co military appropriation should exceed
$20,000 per year. A good police for protec
tion of persons and property; good laws,
and an upright and impartial administration
of them, and good schools are a blessing to
any -land,-and will jove no less so to this
than others. It is altuportant to the true
prosperity of any nabtt that mal-adminls-tratlon
in any departcnt should be followed
by prompt removal ai punishment. Let it
be so here, and & Dicing will be upon the
As respects salarb, the tendency la con
stantly upward, andso with nearly all gov
ernment expenses. '. observe the secretary
and translator of fe Assembly have each
$10 per day; mesmger, $3; and janitor,
tl.SO. Fay is usual' accorded by the dignity
and responsibility f the position and its
duties. Accordingo the usual length of the
session, the errauuboy will cow earn twice
as much as the lefslator, and the one who
sweeps the room asnuchas the law maker.
Ability and labor an both requisite for the
proper discharge of lu duties of clerk and
translator, yet but a'ew years have passed
since the highest oropensatlon for these
services was $5 per ay, ably and faithfully
performed. Minlstfs also commenced with
$1,500 per year; tbn $3,000; then U,XO;
then $5,000. The 8st sum was certainly too
little; perhaps tbelatter is not too much,
but no post should K a sinecure. When full
pay is awarded, all f the time should be de
voted to the scrvici!
Steam ad Telei uru. The annihilation
of time and space by tie modern appliances
of steam and telcg4b, was forcibly illus
trated by the news Irigbt by the Mm. M"B
coz, on the 16th inst n the same day, we
received intelligence t important events
from distant and welj separated portions
of the earth, sbovtjg that only tbo6e nations
my be said to beout of the world whose
country lays offli) great routes of trade and
From Sydnry, via1 London, we heard of the
attemptel murder of Prince Alfred on the
12th of Shrch, news only 64 days old. It
traveled )ver a long route: by Bteamcr to
Port du Gdle, Aden and Alexandria, thence,
on by teltwaph to London aud Sau Fran
cisco, and y sail here. It traveled over
more than lalf tbe circumference of the
globe, yet rcched us In less time than a sail
lug vessel ca come direct from Sydney.
The superir dispatch of the telegraph ap
pears in tba this news was flashed from
Alexandria tt San Francisco, after its long
circuit by sea,and reached us 16 days iu ad
vance of Autralian papers, brought by
steumers, via Vellington and Panama.
By the samemail, we heard of the progress
of events in kbyssinia the closing victory
of the war in Iiat region, distant from us in
another dlreclon. This news was only 37
days old, and tith it hurrying along on the
same great cleitric current, reached us news
of the Cabinet crisis In England, aud tbe
progress of thelmpcacbment in Washington
both items mly 14 days Iu theirjourney
here, or She tine used by the vessel to piake
the passage fiom from San Francisco. So,
too, we had news from Japan and China,
which had mate, via Europe, a circuit of
thrce-fourtlia of the earth, and arrived here
only a few daysbchind that which came on
the direct routcaeross this ocean.
No more can t be said where civilized men
dwell, that there are dark corners of tbe
earth, or that old alid obsolete Ideas can
maintain their supremacy. Rapid communi
cation makes a common brotherhood of man
kind, and inspires all with emulation in the
path of progress.
Fortunately, we are on the lino of the
world's commerce and travel, and we may
yet become really In tbe centre of the. world,
as years since we were deemed tobe qut of
iU ilardlr twenty year ngo, when nwa
from tbe East found lis toilsome wayaronnd
Cape Horn once a year, or made an infre
qnent run across Mexico to reach us with
dispatch in sir months it would have been
an incredible assertion that the most distant
point on the globe would be within SO to CO
days' communication with us. Yet with a
small degree of the spirit of progress, we
can now connect ourselves by steam more
closely and regularly with tbe world. Ha
waii was formerly, to the great centres of
civilization, almost a terra Incognita. It is
so no longer, thanks to steam, and telegraph,
and newspapers.
Mb. Editor: A. Z., in his remarks iu the
Adverthcr of Saturday last, says that the con
Eiimers who ultimately pay the duties will
hence really pa- the subsiy in the end. As a
principle, his remarks is correct, or at least
approximates correctness, but be probably
misunderstood the remarks or meaning of
parties before tbe committee on this point.
I understood that tbe property holders
would ultimately bear tbe chief burden of
tbciayment. As there would be no increase
of ptrvmal tazct, and pone of duties, and
not more than two-fifths of the natives pay
a property tar, the larger portion of the
tax will fair upon planters, wool-growers,
graziers and merchants.
If the steamers should stimulate business
as is claimed,'Men increasing property in tbe
hands of the people would subject them to a
portion of tbe payment, but in sucb case they
would have the means of paying. L.
Mr. Editor : The last Adcertiter has clas
sified the Legislature attaching the above
term to what'it chooses to call tbe Ministerial
members. It cannot be that tbe Adtertiner
understands the vulgar and opprobrious char
acter of tbe epithet as understood by the na
tives, or It would not be so used. To them
it signifies much more than its literal trans
lation indicates, aud is more like the vulgar
and opprobrious epithet "lick-spittle" in
English. Is it any wonder then that the Ha
waiian?, to whom this terra was applied,
should be very much offended? It is very
offensive to the person to whom it is applied,
and degrading to blm who use it, and believ
ing that tbe editor could cot knowingly osc
such an opprobrious epithet, I hope for his
own sake, be will withdraw it in his next Is
sue. "People do and will differ about meas
ures, but discussed as earnestly as possible,
if done with dignity and courtesy, as tbey
ought tobe, it can be co just cause of offence.
Tbe only measure thus far in tbe session
which has brought out any very earnest dif
ference in tbe Honse, Is the subsidy. question,
and the division upon this is of no partisan
character, but simply as to tbe expediency of
the measure, and both its advocates and op-
nnnntg have aiwared in their dfsrnsAfrm
only io Ece& me puuueguoa, ana inisis as is
should be The Ministry on this question
may count Mr. Whitney, Mr. Austin, Mr.
Green and many other;, among tbe support
ers of tbe measure, and many equally respect
able, as opposed to It, but its advocates or
opponents deserves no offensive epithet for
their honest and openly expressed convic
tions in this matter, sriudeed in any other.
TmnTiETn DAT, Fbidat, May 22.
Assembly met at 10 A. H. H. M. Keku
anaoa in the chair.
After prayer by tbe Chaplain, the minutes
of the preceding day were read and approved.
Panncis. Mr. Wilder presented a petition
from tho Molokai Leper establishment. Re
ferred to Sanitary Committee.
Mr. Mahelona presented a petition from
Ewa and Waianae, praying for $1,000 to build
a scow at Puulca. Tabled.
Rzsolctioss. M. C. II. Jodd offered .a
resolution that $300 be appropriated to build a
bridgo at Waikane, Koolaupoko, Oahu. Ta
bled. Mr. Hitchcock moved to suspend tbe rules
of the House, and defer the consideration of
the Appropriation Bill until after the consider
ation of the Subsidy.
Mr. Bishop gave notice of a bill to extend
the powers of the Bureau of Immigration.
His Ex. F. W. Hutchison gave notice of a
bill to amend Section TS3 of tbe Civil Code.
Mr. Uopu introduced a bill for the taxation
of cattle, sheep and goats. Cattle; 10 cents
per head ; sheep, 2 cents per head, and goats
1 cents per head. Rejected
Mr. Hithcock moved the Order of the Day.
Oroer or toe Dat. An Act to amend Sec
tion 78S of the Civil Code, was read. Re
ferred to Judiciary Committee. .
An Act to amend Section 77 of tbe Civil
Code was read.
Mr. Hitchcock moved, to indefinitely post
pone. Lost.
Mr. Kuihelan: moved to refer the bill to the
Committee of the whole. Carried.
- Mr. Kalu called to the chair. Bill read,
which was to make Kahului, Maui, a port of
Mr. Xahaku opposed the bill. He thought
that the harbor of Kahului was not a safe one,
and that even if it was opened, very few ships
would go there.
Mr. Nakila was of opinion that if that Bay
was made a port of entry, it would augment the
already prosperous condition of the country.
Mr. Upa opposed the measure. It was a
precedent that should not bo established.
Mr. Mahelona supported the bill. He thought
that the opening of Kahului would benefit the
general Government, bring in more taxes, and
make the peoplo richer.
Committee rose, and the report approved.
Mr. Bishop moved to indefinitely postpone
tbe bill. Carried.
A bill to regulate the taking of acknowledg
ments was read, and ordered to engrossment.
A bill to re-open the office of the .Commission
to quiet Land Titles was read and referred to
Judiciary Committee.
A bill to prohibit bathing in the Nuuanu
stream was in order, and report of the Com
mittee to indefinitely postpone approved.
A bill to amend Section 2, Chapter 7, of the
Civil Code, in relation to the sale of awa, was
Mr. Hitchcock moved to indefinitely post
pone. His Ex. the Minister of Interior seconded,
and said that he was aware that there was a
great deal of wrong connected with the sale of
awa, as at present conducted, and If nb
thought that he conld carry a bill to prohibit
its sale altogether, be would introduce it. 'Abe
motion to indefinitely postpone was lost.
The House went into Committee for its con
sidcration, Mr. Koakanu called to the chair.
Mr. Hitchcock described some of the baleful
effects of the use of awa. and the destructive-
ness which'it caused among the people who
made a free use of it.
Mr. Kalu supported the bill on the ground
that the use of awa was not only beneficial to
individuals, but to the nation as a whole
Besides that, the Government derived a large
revenue from the sale of licenses. In ancient
times, when there were 103,000 people on tbe
Islands, awa was freely used; and that fact
did away with the argument, often used, that
it destroyed the people. What carried them
off was the diseases introduced from other
Mr. Naliaku said the object of the bill was
not to increaso the use of awa, but to allow
tbe inhabitants of that district the rights that
others had. Some learned men had said that
awa was beneficial, and he believed that it
was so.
Committee rose, report approved, and the
House adjourned.
TuiniY-FiRST Dat, SAicnnAr.May 23.
Assembly met at 10 a. v., U. 11. M. Keku-
anaoa in the chair.
After prayer by the Chaplain, the minutes
ot ine preceding day were read and approved
Petitions. Mr. Martin presented a petition
from South Kona, contesting the election of
Mr. A. F. Jndd. Referred to Judiciary Com
mittee. Mr. C. H. Jndd presented a petition from
lue mercnants or Honolulu, asking for an in
crease of Pilot fees.
Mr. Pilipo presented a petition from Kona,
protesting against their Road Supervisors. To
change the pay of school teachers. To tax
animals according to their Talue. That the
government furnish medicines to the people
free. Referred to Select Committee on peti
Mr. Martin presented a petition from Kan,
asking for an appropriation for a new road.
Referred to Committeemen Petitions.
Also, a petition to free stallions from tax.
Mr. Halemanu presented a petition for two
thousand dollars for the harbor of Kahololele.
That people unable to pay their debts, work
out the same. That Assessors who make mis
takes in their books bo punished. Tabled.
Resolutions. His Ex. S. II. rhillips in
troduced a bill to promote Ocean Steam Navi
gation. Mr. Wilder offered a resolution that tho Min
ister of Foreign Affairs exhibit all the excen.
ses connected with the Reciprocity Treaty, if
it would not tie prejudicial to tits Majesty'a
Government. '
Mr. A. F. Jndd gave notice of a bill to
amend section 27 of the Civil Code.
His Ex. F. W. Hutchison introduced a bill
regarding tbe qualifications of electors. Also,
a bill to amend section 788 of tho Civil Code.
Bill ordered to be printed.
Mr. Koakanu moved that the Ser2eant-at-
Arms furnish to each member 100 postage,
stamps. Carried.
Un motion of Sir. Phillips, the order of the
day was taken up.
Order or the Dat. A bul in recard to the
licences for awa was in order. Mf. C. H. Judd
moved to indefinitely postponeaction. Passed.
A oil! lo provide tor a permanent settlement
on Her Majesty Queen Kalama, was read.
jir. iianaina amenaea to o,iuu a year.
Mr. Kalakaua moved to postpone considera
tion until Monday. Carried. '
A bill respecting the qualifications of elec
tors was read. (Mr. Keawebunahala's b31.)
Mr. Hitchcock moved to table.
Mr. Nahaku amended to table until the bill
introduced by His Ex. V. W. Hutchison came
up for discussion.
Mr. Hitchcock's motion was earned.
House adjourned.
Tbiett-Secoxd Dat, Moxdat, May 25.
Assembly met at 10 A. ., H. H. M. Keku-
anaoa in the ehair.
After prayer by the Chaplain, tbe minutes
of the preceding day were read and approved.
Mr. Kaukaba moved to reconsider the ques
tion on tbe awa bill. Aves, 20 ; noes. 14.
Petitoxs. M. Knmahoa croiented a oeti-
tion from Puna, Hawaii, fraying that trees on
konobiki lands be free to the people ; that tho
dog tax be $2 per head ; that prisoners work
out-their time in the district where arrested.
Mr. Martin presented a petition from Kan.
praying that the road between Waiohinu and
1'caaian be repaired by tbe prisoners.
Mr. Haiemana presented a ritition from
namakua, praying that stallions be exempt
from taxation ; that Government lands be sold
to Mawaiians only ; and asking for appropria
tions tor a jail, conrt-bocse and roads.
Mr. Rhodes presented a petition from the
stockholders of the Kilauea. asking for a iust
consideration of their claims for a subsidy, and
mu lutitaic ui iuc same jjufc iu iuv Appropria
tion Bill to $10,000 ajear. TabletL
Report or Cossittee. Select Committee
to whom was referred the petition of Haaioa.
tbe Oaba Mail Carrier, reported in favor of
paying the rest of the appropriation, $148.
On motion of His Ex. F. W. Hutchison, tba
consideration of tbe report was indefinitely
Resolctioxs. His Highness W.C. Luna
lilo offered a resolution that $20,000 be appro.
priated for'a legislative hall. -Hi.
Ex. S. n. PhilliDS care notice of a bill
in regard to life insurance, and in regard ts.
Mr. Knihelanl gar notice of a bill to aad
section 730 of the Civil Cede.
Mr. KaliTirifered a. resolution :
" irrti Henry M. Whitney, editor of
the newspaper called the P. C. Adrtrtittr, has
for an indefinite time, steadily sought to bring
our Islands, our King, our Government, our
Judiciary and onr People into disrepute and
contempt before the world and ickereat, since
the session of the present Legislature began,
cot a number of this paper has been issued
that does not contain attacks more or less false
and malicious on its honor and integrity, litre
fore, Rttolted, that the Attorney General be In
structed to examine the different papers that
have been issned from the press of tho said U.
M. Whitney, since the beginning of tbe pres
ent year, and to ascertain and report to this
Assembly whether tbe attacks are, in the opin
ion of the Attorney General, sufficient to sns
tain him in criminal prosecution of the said
Henry M. Whitney."
His Highness W. CXunalilo moved to table.
Ayes, 22. Nays. 11.
Orceb. or the Dat. A bili to provide for
permanent settlement for Her Majesty Qoeen
Dowager Katama, was in order, and considered
by the House. Mr. Wilder called to the chair.
Bill read.
Mr. Keawehunahala amended to $4,000 a
II. II. W. C. Lunalilo amended to $0,000 a
Committee rose and report approved.
A bill in regard to sale of wines, liquors,
etc., was read.
Mr. Hitchcock moved to refer to a select
Committee His Ex. S. II. Phillips.
House adjourned.
Chicago, May L The Tribitnu't special
says the Georgia Convention Is ratified by
9.000 majority. The Republicans have elect
ed the Governor by T.OOl) majority, and se
cured a working majority in tbe Legislature.
Hew Yore, May 4. The Herald says a
Hongkong letter ot February Stith states that
Prussia is negotiating for the cession of tlie
Island of Cbuchan to Germany and thus place
tbe Interests of the German Confederacy In
command of tbe great highway to China and
Japan. American Interests, commercial and
religious, are advancing rapidly. Tbe coal
mines are worked near Peking. Admiral
Bell's body is to bo shipped to the United
Chicago, April 30th. An Omaha special
says the Indians yesterday killed four men
near Plum Creek station. Another band
killed and scalped two men near the Sidney
Wasuinotoh, April 27. Tho President to
day sent a message to Congress Inclosing
a communication from Secretary Seward,
covering the letter from Minister Bancroft
relative to the treaty recently negotiated
with North Germany, which, on the autho
rity of speeches made In the North German
Federal Council by Mr. Konlg and Count
Bismarck, no unauthorized emigration far-
rest 1 can take place, even if the emigrant
shall have ceased to be an American citizen,
and German American citizens emigrating
to North Germany cannot be held to discharg
ing old military duty.
The President has withdrawn the nomina
tion of Thomas Ewlng, to be Secretary of
War, by sendiug to the Sena'.o tbe name of
General J. M. Schofield to bo Secretary of
War In place or E. M. Stenton, removed.
A special says Gen. Scboflelii has written a
letter to the President declining to accept
the nomination for Secretary of War.
Washington, April 29. riie Reconstruc
tion Committee to-day cousldcred the ques
tion of the restoration of South Carolina and
Arkansas. Both State Constitutions are the
only ones sent In, and were discussed, and it
was finally decided to postpone tbe whole
matter until the Constitutions of the other
Southern States arrived. Tbe Committee in
tend to have them all, as nearly as possible,
uniform on the subjects of suffrage and edu
cation. '
London, May 4 MidnigM. There was a
very full house at the opening session of the
House of Commons to-night.
After some unimportant business, Mr. Dis
raeli arose, and was greeted with cheers from
the Ministerial benches. Ho reviewed the
course of the Tory administration, which at
its outset was without a majority of Its sup
porters In the Hpusr, and spoke of its uni
form success, so entire, indeed, that even bis
opponents acknowledged It; and ou two oc
casions, when Lord Derby expressed a wish
to resign, tbey urged him to remain iu office.
Financially its record was as faultless. In
Foreign affairs Lord Stanley has raised the
prestlgeof tbe nation vastly, preserving peace
with the Continent, with the Great Republic
in tho West, and in Ireland. The Ministry
has triumphed at excry point, and at the
same time has conciliated the people; while
in Abyssinia the great deed ot arms for hu
manity had dune credit not only to tbe offi
cers and soldiers eniruired but alsn tn thn
FMinistry who planued it.
un inursuay last on a vote upon the first
of a series of resolutions, the Ministry en
countered a new question, which threatened
confusion to Ireland and ultimately tbe over
throw of the English Church, the effect of
which would be the absorption of all by the
Church of Rome. To this measure bo conld
not assent, and bad asked the House for
time to advise with the Queen on the new
attitude of affairs. Her Majesty has heard
bis statement, and not only declined his re
signation, but urged bim nut to dissolvo tbe
Parliament under the present anomalous cir
cumstances until an appeal could be made to
the new constituents; tills hi hoped to do
with tbe aid of the House. He ilcnrpmleil
the urgency with which Mr. Gladstone has
pressed his resolves, and hoped that tbe sns-
cnsion oi lue orders ot tne dny would not
e pressed now: he was ready to clve war
to sumo other administration.
Mr. Gladstone said t'10 right to carrr on
discussions of debate there must be upheld.
The Premier's praise of Tories waa not only
in bad taste, b-it untrne. especially that nor.
tion relating tn the finances. Lord Derby,
he remarked, Tias not asked to stay in office
in 1859.
Mr. Gladstone doubted whether the cnlo-
glum passed by the Premier was a challenge
to the opposition or a sop to the Tories io
persuade them to maintain them In office,
lie laughedat the err of dancer to tbo estab
lished church, and at that of tbe Church of
Home absorbing all other sects. It was un
precedented that a Ministry which had been
beaten by C5 majority should talk of dissolv
ing Parliament; It might be right to elect a
new Parliament to settfe the Irish Church
question, but its first duty would be to select
a Ministry itself. The Premier's course was
unconstitutional; the House was hostile to
tbe Ministry, and yet lie wanted to govern
the country until the falL In the meantime
the fate of Ireland and other great onestions
would remain in suspense. The duty of tbe
Liberals waa clearly to follow up the resolves
with a Suspensory Bill, thus clearing tbe way
for the new Parliament. They must go on ;
tbey bad no.bargains to make. Tbe Premier
bail said nothing would change tbe purposes
of the Ministry; he (Mr. Gladstone) would,
therefore, urge tbesnspension order to-night,
or if the Ministry would not allow It, then at
tbe earliest possible day for the consideration
of resolves. If they passed the House, a bill
should follow, suspending appointments hi
tbe Irish Church.
Robert Low said after tbe Ministers had
nullified the will of the House, tbey bad bet
ter ask for this control, for months to come,
of the Government, Sucb a course was un
constitutional, and was absurd, where tbe
Executive and Legislative Departments dis
trust each other, to maintain a show of am
ity until next year.
John Bright said the Premier's statement
would amaze tbe country; he asked tbe
House to set aside usage and the Constitu
tion that be might keep office by arts not
tbe most worthy, and hold It by adopting
dogmas which be bad bitterly denounced.
Mr. Bright showed tbe inconsistency of the
Tories, and the various differences of opin
ions among tbe members of the Cabinet, aud
said that an adverse suit a no disgrace to
the Ministry, but to bold office after sucb a
vote was. There was no reason why the
Constitutional practice should be dispensed
with in favor or Disraeli, who Knew well
enough that no Irish or Scotch Reform bill,
not or a nature to snlt t hp Ii lih r.r sVntM
Liberals, could pass the House.
Mr. uisraeit axed the 7tn of May for a de
bate on the Irish Church.
The House. In Committee, then fnntr n
the Budget, and considered tbe resolution to
make the income tax aixnence In th nnnni
San Frawciseaaw M&k lm
The Company's Spfeadiet A 1 Steamship
F. CONNOR, Commander,
"Will ran between Honoli arc Sajs
Franclaeo fey- thw follow tMr
Time Tablet
BtruTCU nox , aaarvAi if
iToaotnlu... ..May Sa rrnclo...IJ 3
SailFranclM.....MaylnoiKilBlB Jn
Ilooulnla .JunelSjfan FraucLjco.-Juw 3
San rraachco. July JlHoBolala July 1C
Honolulu July St'Saa rraactoco. . . g 3
Sao Francisco. . . Aug Mjiionohira. .Aug S3
Honolulu Augalsan rraiiico....epsW
Caliln, S0 1 SlccrsHrc, $M
Through, freight to. Portland aail Vie ten
will be taken at reasonable rates, and
Liberal AtlTtMicc IMade o all
ShipraciiW per Ntcawcr.
Insurance guaranteed at lower rates than by
sailing vessels. Particular can taken of ship
ments of Fruit.
All orders frr Goods to be purchased ia San
Francisco, will be received and filled oy return
of Stoamer. II. IL4CKFELD A CO..
11-3 m Agents.
S. I L XT 3E3
Will run daring the next quarter as follows
Monday, March 30 Monday, April 20
Monday, April 6 Monday, April 27
Monday, April 13 Monday, May 4
Laying up the Week commencing Xonday,
Hay llti.
Monday, May 18 Monday, June 8
Monday, May 2 Monday, Jane 1-
Mouday, June 1
At 4 p. m., precisely, touching at
IjaiiMlua, ,
Kavvalhae, and
Kealakekna, Wednesday, about noon,
Kailna, Wednesday evenings,
Kawaihae a Mahukona, Thursday evenings,
Arrivlng.back at Honolulu Saturday mornings.
Passengers wilt be landed at Makee's Landing.
On Thursday, June 25th,
She will leavt for
Kolqa and IValiuca, Kauai,
At i P. M.,
Arriving back on Saturday, tba 27th.
:LVT jQ- 3FL 5T
48 14-95 tons register, copper and copper-fastened,
now running between this Port and Ililo,
having just been put in a thorough state of
repair and furnished with a complete sett of
New Sails, Gear. Gronnd Tackle, etc., is now
offered for sale. For particulars, apply to.
Honolulu, er
17-tf J. H. Coney. HUo. '
the CLirrr.it scnoosac
Carrying tie fmoiiiaii Mail uitiout Sriiidjt
Will Leave Honolulu Every Saturday,
at Four o'clock p. ., Returning, will.I-ave
Nawiliwili every Tuesday afternoon.
For Freight or Passage, apply to
17-tf D. FOSTER A CO.
Regular Packet
For Lahaina and Makee's lmkw.
The due itauncli clipper schooner
CRANE, Master,
Will run regularly and punctually on
above route. For freight or passage apply
to the Master on board, or to
C. BiurwEE d: Co.
March 31,1806. ll-3m
The, schooner
JmLjSL DEL 3ic ,7
HAMLIN, Master.
Will run regularly for the above port. For
freight or passage applv to
L. h. TORBERT. Honolulu,
ll-3m Or J H. COSKT, Hito.
For Hilo Mi Jnomea, Hawaii.
Sch. Annie,
Will run as a regular packet to the above
ports. For freight ot passjge apply to
11-Sm WALKSR 4 ALLEN, Agents.
JL as a packet between Honolnlt; and Hilo.
For freight or passage, apply to
A genu.
uonoiuiu, August 29, IbCO.
For Hilo and Kaupakiea, titwaii.
& Sch. Active,
Will rnn as a regular packet to the afcovo
ports, touching at LAHAINA. For freight or
passage apply to
-3m AgenU.
For Molokai.
The Schooner
Will ran as a regular packet between Hcno
lnlo and Molokai, touching at Kaanakakat
and Pukjo. For freight or passage anplr to
the Capttin on board or " '
ll-3m u. PRENDERQAST, Agent,
WhlteiTRsh Briwhc.
11-31 B0LLE3 A CO.
Polar Oil.
ity, for tila by
11.3 m
E0LLE3 t CO.
TEN THOUSAND GatteM it tfctT
abovft Celebrated Oil. to arrive per sl
Byren, direct frosa Boston. Enquire of
'J'3" BOLLSS t CO.

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