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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, July 22, 1868, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1868-07-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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Every Wednesday Horning,
Mailed to 'Foreign Subscriber at $7.00
la now prepared to execata aH orders tt
OrricK On Merchant street, west of
he Post Office, Honolulu, II. L
Printed and rmliUibeit by J. Mon Exitb, mt the
Government Printing Cfflce, to whom all busineas
VOL. IV NO. 27.1
cesunuoicauena Inuit m addressed.
c. x. sraxcza. n. xAcrinnsc.
Stj Uuttn Street, Ilonolnlu. ly
hiccolgav & .joiitvsoiy.
10 Opposite T. C. Ilenclt'a. pT
Oorner-of Fort and Merclmnt Streets,
UOXOL.VL.V, 11. I. pj
. Wholesale Druggists,
Cor. "Battery and Cliiy Streets,
laliaiua, rtlnui.
Money and Recruits famished to ships on
C-ly favorable terms.
(tate Canton, Green I Co.,
Lloyds' and the Liverpool Underwriters,
Northern Assurance Company, and
British and Foreign Marino Insurance Co.
Importers and Wholesale Dealers
In Fashionable Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots
and Shoes," and every variety of Gentle
men's Superior Famishing Goods.
Store known ai Capt. Snow's Building
Meschjxt firoxrr, llonoluln, Oahu. SO
. machinist;
Fort Street, apposite Odd Follows' Hall.
Gives particular attention to the repair of
Fire Anns, Sewing Machines, a Locks.
Drawing of Jlachineryt Cc, made (o Order.
J. 0. D1CES05T.
Lewers & Dickson,
Retail Dealers in Lumber and Building
Materials. Fort, King and Merchant streets,
Honolulu. .25-ly
Shipping and Commission
qa-tf HOXOLPLC, It. I.
OrriCE Comer Queen and Fort Streets.
Holies &. Co.,
CHANTS, Queen Street, particular attention paid to the
purchase and sale of Hawaiian Produce.
C. A. Williams A Co.,
Castle A Cooke,
D. C. Waterman,
C. Brewer & Co.,
H. Hackfeld & Co.,
C. L. .Richards & Co.,
George G. Howe,
Sealer in Redwood and Northwest Lnmber,
Shingles, Doors, Sash, Blinds, Nails,
6 Paints, etc
At his Old Stand on tho Esplanade. 36-ly
Fancy .Mmi-nor,
Bonnets made up and trimmed In the latest
styles. Stamping, Braiding and Em
broidering, exeouted to order.
II0S0LTJLU, II. I. ps-iy)
Ed. Hoffschlaeger & Co.,
nonoluln, Oahu, H. I. 4-ly
"A. S. Clegliorn,
Fire-proof Store, comer of Queen and Kaahu-
mann Streets.
Retail Establishment on Nuuanu S trout,
Theodore C. Hcuck,
Honolulu, Oahu, S. I. 1-ly
H. Hackfeltl At Co.,
Honolu'ln, Oahu, S. I. 8-ly
Agent for the Bremen Board
oC Underwriters.
All average claims against said Underwriters,
oecurrine in or about this Kingdom, will
have to be certified before me. 7-ly
Chung- Hoon,
Paukaa and Amauula Sugar Plantation!.
Importer of Teas and other Chinese and For
eign Goods, and Wholesale Dealer in Ha
waiian Produce, at the Fire-proof Store,
Nuuanu Street, below King. 21-ly
Afong & A chuck,
Importers, Wholesale anS lRetail Sealers in
General Merchandise and China Goods,
Fire-prool Store in Nuuanu Street, under the
Public Hall.
Jm bow prepared to executeywith promptness
all -work in bis line of business, such as
Watch and Clock Repairing;,'
JetanttfactBrlnt: Jewelry,
And Kngra-rtng.
Shop on Fort Street, opposite Odd Fellows'
Hall. - - 61-3m
Having the best facilities through an intimate
connection with the Japanese trade for tp.e
past eight years, is prepared to transact any
business entrusted to bis care, with dispatch.
lMf . .
Fire-Proof Store, Robinson's Building, Queen
btreet, Honolulu. 1-ly
Sales-Room, Queen Street, one door from
Kaahumanu btreet. 17-ly
And Commissioner of Seeds
Office at the Bask or Bisnor A Co.
Jtlannalcca Street,
All kinds of Merchandise and Groceries.
Solicitor, Attorney, and Proctor in the
Supreme Court, in Law, Equity, Admiralty,
Probate and Divorce. 3-3
Office "at the Interior Department.
u. a. p. CASTra.
Ilonolnlu. Ualiw, 11. 1.
AGENTS Or the Uo.ton and Ilonolnlu
Pjirkct Line.
AGENTS For the Maltee, AVallultu and
liana Plantations.
IGENTS For tlie Fnrcnaae and Sale of
Island Produce.
Inrrs M. Hood. Ega j.-.New York.
IAS. AlUi2IiI.iJ
R R. Rwaix & Co.
San Francisco.
Cuas. Walcot Brooks
Importer and Manufacturer
Carriare Trimmintr doneith neatness and
dispatch. All orders promptlyattcnded to.
Comer of rort ana uotei streets, jionomiu.
Poit-Office address, "Wilder Piantation,"
tf) Knaloa, Oahu.
Planters & General Store Keepers
(Near Kealakekna Bay.)
Island produce bought, Ships supplied with
Wood, xleei ara otber nceseanes.
Agent at Honolulu A. S. Clegiiorx.
Sealer in Newspapers, Magazines, Period
icals, etc.
Fort Street, near King,
Hdnoluln. 19-tf
Dealers in Fashionable Clothing
Hats, Caps, Boots and Shces.and every variety
of Gentlemen's superior lurnishing goods.
Queen Street, Honolulu, Oahu.
Importer and Maker of all Kinds of
Carriages trimmed with neatness and dis
patch. AU repairs done With care ana
Next doorto J. M. Smith & Co's Drag Store.
N. B. A choice lot of Ladies Superior
Saddles on hand. 43
on hand and for sale, a good
assortment of
Best Blacksmith's Coal,
At the Lo-iveet Market Prices 38-ly
Offico with E. P. Adams, Esq.,
urxas sr fixkusion to
Gen. Morpui L-Smith, U.Sresn. C Itrewer t Co.
S. Consul. Mestra. Walker t Allen.
Heura. EJcharda i Co. IE. P. Adaau, Esq. 41
RTJINAK.T, pcrc & Ills Champagne,
Carte Blanche, in pints and quarts.
For Sale by
Agents for
15-tf Messrs. Ruinart, pere & fits Rhelms.
STRUMENTS Tuned and Repaired, by
CHAS. DERBY, at tie Theatre.
Lessons given on the Piano and Guitar.
Best of reference given. 51
The political status' of Japan has ever
been an enigma to foreigners, whether
statesmen or tradesmen. Latelv, "the
rest of mankind," outside the "land of the
rising sun," have been more puzzled than
crer to know how the revolution in pro
gress is to end. Perhaps a better nnder-
standing of the matter can bo had by a
glanco at the past history of that Govern
From time immemorial, the few gleams
of light npon the. internal condition of
Japan that havo reached other nations, all
went to show the Oovernment thereof to
be that of tho Feudal system, in all its
bearings.. Foreign intercourse, opened up
some fifteen years since, has proved the
conclusion correct. The Daimioo rp. and
hare been, the feudal lords. In their own
provinces, tbey have supreme authority
over the lives and landed property of their
fiefs, tenants, soldiers and serfs. History
has always told ns, too, of an Emperor of
Japan. Such there seems to have been,
from what we can learn, for a thousand
years. In fact, it has been a well organ
ized government for as long a period as
the present era.
Some three hundred years ago, the Ty
coon, who was Generalissimo to the reign
ing Micado, or Emperor, by the aid of
family alliances among the Daimios, and
through disaffection towards his master,
the Micado, usurped equal dictatorial pow
ers with that potentate; and nearly all
the executive power being already in his
hands, he seems to have become the equal
arid co-ruler of Japan without much more
of a revolution than has overthrown his
last successor. He made his office hered
itary in his own family, and kept the Dai
mios in subjection to himself by strength
ening the strong and suppressing the weak
ones among them. Whether Jte gave them
the right of representation, by a Council
called the Gorojios, in the affairs of gov
ernment, we can not learn, but as the
Council seems not to be a part of the
newly restored Micado's scheme of gov
ernment, we rather incline to believo that
it was a creation of the Tycoonate, seeing
it has probably perished with it.
The first Tycoon, or as it is called in
Japanese, Shoguun, was of the Tokugawa
family, which, in the course of time, be
came divided into three branches, the
head of each becoming a Daimio in his
own right tho Prince of Jlito generally
taking precedence in the vacancies occur
ring in tho Tycoonate. By statesmanship ;
by overpowering numbers; and by the
subtlety of which that race ia capable, the
Tycoon so controlled the legislative acts
of the Gorojios, that they made the Mi
cado to be a mere creature of their power
and purposes. Leaving lrim his title of
rimperor, and giving him the supreme spir
itual authority, they managed through him,
as a check npon the Tycoon, to keep up a
Dual government, which, as 1 have said,
has ever been a puzzle and annoyance to
all foreign nations seeking intercourse.
The Micado's office has ever been heredi
tary, with a Regency attached in case of
minority or vacancy. This Regency ha3
also been hereditary in a Daimio's family
attached to the interests of the Micado.
'The same sort of arrangement pertained
to the Tycoonate, so that in times of con
flicting opinions .or interests, there was
always a way to get rid of the Micado or
Tycoon without abolishing the office. This
has frequently happened when there has
been no immediate heir to either throne,
iu which case, the House of Gorojios filled
the vacancy by an election, confined, how
ever, to one of the linear families. That
this system should become complicated,
and work its own downfall, seemed inev
itable. In fact, it was so thoroughly in
tricate, that had it not been supported by
immense standing armies, kept by each of
the Daimios-at Yedo, it would long since
havo fallen to pieces. One year ago, or
more, the Daimios were permitted to re
side in their own provinces without re
straint. Previous to that, they were com
pelled to remain with their quota cf
soldiers and all their families, for six
months of the year at Yedo, near the Ty
coon, and when absent their families wcre
hcld as hostages for their return. Abolish
ing this restraint was simply-removing the
foundation of the wholo Tycoonate, with
all its privileges and authority.
Such was the General Government,
which, in its rule, little affected the com
mon people. Their direct welfare, or op
pression, was, and is yet, in the hands of
tho several Daimios. These Princes of
ihcland were its absolute owners. Xo
man owns a foot of land in Japan, except
the Daimios. They place a ground rent
upon every six feet square of it, and if
regularly paid, any family or individual"
may become the occupant of a certain
portion, and his descendants after him,
without the prospect of being removed by
the landlord "raising the rent." Thi3
usage established the permanent class of
agriculturists the primitive and most use
ful class of all society. From father to
son, the old homestead, with its ground
rent to be paid in rice or other produce in
specified quantity, has descended from
earilest recollection : hence the attachment
Japanese have to their own lovely land
Merchants, or, rather, shop-keepers, be
came a necessary outgrowth of increasing
population, gathered as it is in innumera
ble towns, cities and villages all over
Japan. This class are lower in the social
scale, or, rather, are so regarded by the
ruling powers, who derive no direct income
from them, but who make them the vic
tims of extortion ad libitum, so that while
they pay no taxes, they do pay an immense
of tribute. This class are very numerous,
so much so that you get the impression
that it is Japan instead of England that
is the "nation of shop-keepers."
The necessity each Daimio was under
to furnish his quota of soldiers -for the
support of the Tycoonate, resulted in the
establishment of an immense army of
Yncniiins or two sworded gentry 5 000,000
of these were furnished the Tycoon, by
the Diamios formerly resident in Yedo,
the late Tycoon's capital. Beside litis
immense army, there were at Rast three
times -a3 many kept in reserve by the
Daimios themselves for their own protec
tion against the aggressions of their neigh
bors. This privilege of being Yaconin is
also hereditary, and has entailed npon
Japan an unmitigated burden of oppres
sion, idleness and outlawry. Add to theso
the swarming troops of begging priests of
their many religions; and the troops of
professional beggars ; with the millions of
laborers from day to day, the' blind by tho
thousand, and the vast hordes of daughters
these lower classes who afford revenue to
the government, and misery and crime to
themselves and patrons, take all these
with a limited number of literati, teachers,'
&c, and my readers can hare a fair esti
mate of the population of Japan. The
lower classes are all serfs, and at, the abso
lute disposal of their Princes. Their gov
ernment, however, is not directly oppres
sive. There is no slavery in Japan, and
as it teems with millions who must eat by
their labor, and labor scarce, while food is
never very scarce nor high, they manage
to live ; but when sickness comes, though
kindly treated by their friends, they court
death rather than suffering, and many die
as grass that is cut down.
It will be seen that the political status
of that Empire directly but little affects
the common people, and as the Yaconins,
Samouri and higher classes of government
officials have each and all enough to do,
to watch each other and take care of
themselves, there is but little knowledgo
of governmental affairs, among them and
but little care who is Micado or Tycoon.
Whether or not STOTSBAsm, the last
Tycoon, purposely shaped events so a3
to end in the utter abolition of his office,
we cannot tell ; but that his schemes tend
ed so to overturn his authority no one
doubted. He may have brought about
the downfall of the Tycoonate, that he
might eventually reign solo Micado or
Emperor ! This much we do know, that
from the hour that foreign nations made
treaties with the Tycoon as Emfekor and
called him His Majestv, to the complete
overthrow of the Tycoonate and the es
tablishment of a sole Emperor, was but
a few short years. It came too as a legi
timate resnlt of foreign intercourse. In
October last. Stotsbashi attempted to sup
press a rebellion at Osaca, of several of the
southern Daimios, headed by Satsuma. Tho
Tycoon was deserted on the battle field by
one of his principal Daimios, and after
four hours fighting fled with all bis forces.
Satsuma had in the mean time, without
the Tycoon's knowledge, taken possession
of the boy Micado. brought his banner on
to the field : at which the Tycoon quailed,
fled to Yedo, resigned his Tycoonate,
yeilded everything, and retired to a tem
ple: there as a shorn penitent to seek
absolution of the spiritual head of the
Empire, the Micado. All tbt3 sounds like-
a tale of Jack the Giant Killer's land ;
but in detail quite surpasses that fiction.
Tho Micado, or rather Satsuma, Chazshu
and Toza in his name, quietly took pos
session of the " open ports" and Yedo,
and demanded the war vessels, and am
munition of the forts, none of which had
been delivered over at latest accounts by
those of Stotsbashi's friend who still held
them, and their troops were marching to
the northern provinces, to subdue the
allies of Stotsbashi, the late Tycoon, who
had not yet submitted to the new regime.
The latest accounts we have are that a
battle between Satsuma's soldiers and
those of Sendai and Idznl had taken place,
north of Yedo, in which 200 of the for
mer's troops were captured and slain.
Whether the northern Daimios will, after
this " thunder shower"' (as the Japanese
term it) submit or continue their warfare,
remains to be seen.
Yedo is in possession of the Micado's
troops and government. Their i3 no
longer an army of the Tycoon, nor snch
an office. The last incumbent counsels
submission to the Micado, and he is now
the only potentate with whom foreign rep
resentative can hold relations. The Eng
lish Minister has already presented his
credentials, and others will follow. There
is and has been peace at Yokohama and
Nagasaki. Yedo has been said to be
unsafe for foreigners, and Osaca known to
be so. We shall next note the relations
of this kingdom to Japan, and how tho
revolution may affect them. D. J. L.
Sir IV. Tlionipson.
The discoveries of Sir Wm. Thompson In
physical science have all been of a high or-
aer, as no nas cmpioyea a proiouna Knowl
edge of mathematics to bring to llirht manv
of the laws which govern the universe. Of
late .years, since more oi me laws oi neat
uavc oecomc Known to rue scicniinc worm,
strong reasons have accumulated tending to
show that the light and heat of the sun are
not caused by common combustion. "When
a cannon ball strikes a target its motion is
arrested, but heat is generated, and It has
been mathematically proved, principally by
rroiessor inompaon, mat ii a snower oi
rocks and stones was constantly falling into
the sun, the velocity of impact would be
such that the heat generated from a sufficient
quantity of snch missiles would fully equal
the amount of beat and light known by ex
periment to be thrown out by tbe sun. He
has calculated the quantity of beat which
would dc generated oy eacn one oi tne pian-'
ets should it fall into tbe sun. and proved
that the Impact of tbe whole of them would
cause sufficient heat to cover tbe solar emis
sion for hundreds of thousands' or years.
The zodiacal light, that puzzle to philoso-
phura, la believed to consist of a vast number
or cosmicaisodlcs, revolving round the sun
at a comnarttivclv short distance.- and con
stantly falling upon its surface. One proof
oi tnis is, mat tuc Planet venus, wnen in a
certain position with respect to the sun and
ilie earth, reflects more light than at other
limes, ji aiso oocys lue laws oi planetary
motion. Meteorites and rocks are known to
be nlentlful In snace. csDceiallv in the orbits
ef comets; moreover, Encke's comet, year
Dy year, is drawing nearer to tne sun, ana is,
therefore, expected eventually to fall into it
There Is, therefore, reason to suppose that
tho beat and light of the sun may be caused
bycosmlcal bodies continually striking that
luminary, and Professor Thompson has given
mathematical evidence that the supposed
cause, should It exist, Is competent to pro
duce the effect.
He has published many interesting papers
upon the rigidity and probable interior con
struction of the earth, and he has given a
great impetus lo electrical science by unrav
eling many of the laws which govern the"
passage of electrical currents through long
cables. This led to the invention, by himself
and his colleague in the Atlantic Telegraph
enterprise, Mr. C. F. Varley, of the ''curb
key," a very novel and beautiful Instrument,
for working through long submarine lines.
Instead of sending, as usnal, one or two cur
rents only Into the line to produce a staple
signal at tho otber end, tbe curb key cuts the
lightning into sbrcds, and throws five or
more positive and negative currents into tbe
cable to produce one signal. The advaptagc
of this method Is that the many currents In
different parts of the cable when tho signal
Is made then neutralize each otber, so that
tbe cable is Instantly ready for a fresh signal.
Under the common system, a large electrical
charge hangs In tbe cable for some little
time, and In long cables this charge very se
riously retards the speed of transmission.
Telegraphic messages c;n not be sent so rap
Idly through very long cables as tbrouch
wires of the same length supported In the
air by telegraph posts;
Sir W. Thompson also Invented the reflect
ing galvanometer, an Instrument much used
In scientific research, also to receive mes
sages sent by very weak currents through
long cables. It consists of a little magnetic
needle, usually only a grain or two in weight,
suspended by a tibrc of silk. At a little dis
tance it is surrounded by a coll of Insulated
copper wire, "so that when a very weak elec
trical current is sent through the coil, the
needle is slightly deflected. The needle has
a little silvered mirror of mica attached to
it, and as the needle moves, so docs the mir
ror. Of course, messages could not he read
off by the scarcely perceptible- motions of
the little magnet and mirror, so a ray of
light passing through a hole is allowed to
fall upon the mirror, which reflects a thin
vertical line of light upon a horizontal ivory
scale, about two feet off. Consequently, if
the mirror only move a very little, the line
of light two feet off will "move a great deal.
Thus the messages through the Atlantic ca
ble are read off by watching the silent move
ments of a little tongnc of flame, which
travels to and fro In a darkened rqom; and
In this manner docs the Old World now
speak to the New. It Is owing to Professor
Thompson's reflecting galvanometer that
messages can oe sent turougo lue Atlantic
cable with snch low battery poWcr; and it is
owing to Mr. Varicy's introduction of a thick
copper-conducting wire into tbe cable that
messages are now sent through It with a
speed which is highly profitable to the share
holders. In the face of great ridicule, Mr.
Varley for years Insisted upon the necessity
for thicker conducting wires iu cables, and
Professor Thompson was one of the first, to
come to his support In the hard battle against
the preconceived notions of inferior electri
cians. Liverpool Time.
Mitiliapsi of u Temperance
I bad occasion, not long since, to soend a
few days at a somewhat smaller place in this
State, where tbe temperance movement was
at its height. A lecture on the all-absorbing
subject was announced, the candles lit in tbe
little square school-house, and the audienco
assembled. A man about sir rect tall un
folded himself, like a complicated carpenter's
rule, upon the platform, and looked about
him for some lime, trying to catch the eyes
of bis bearers. These eyes aforesaid, at tbe
time, were lost in the wrinkles of tbe orator's
shoes, which projected from him in such a
startling manner as to render it doubtful
where the orator commenced and where the
leather left off. His pantajoons struck him
somewhere about midships between bis feet
and knees, and his light, thin hair, stnek
straight upon his head. Ho was, on the
whole, the dry est looking orator I ever saw.
His little eyes twinkled with a sudden bright
ness. There was an old woman who, hav
ing made the optical pilgrimage of his long
person, commencing at his shoes, had arrived
at bis face, and be began bis oration at her
with a scalene gesture Of his'rcd'figbt hand.
He had gained the attention of tbo audience,
and went on and on, wanning -with bio
subject. In an eloquent burst he exclaimed :
"Intemperance is an evil-ran evil that cries
out for reform. What has dissolves so many
homes t what has left so many widows and
orphans? I answer whiskey, which"
"Here's to good old whiskey,
Drink 'er down!
Uere's to good old whUker,
For it makes yon feel so fruity.
Drink er down, drink 'er down,
Drink 'erdownl"
This popular melody rose from tbe stal
wart throats of about twenty persons assem
bled under tbe window, just on the outside
of the little school-house. The effect was
startling. The orator's- voice was drowned
out by the multitudinous singers; bat be
floundered on, like a ship in a stormy sea.
Quiet reigned again, withont and within,
and the speaker continued uninterrupted for
about five minutes more. He began again
to warm with his subject, " Intemperance.""
He said, in another impassioned burst: "In
temperance is a whited sepulchre that stalks
about at night, crying and shouting""
Come, landlord, fill the flowing bowl,
Until It does run orer.
For this night wen merry, merry be.
For this night we'll merry, merry be.
And to-morrow we'll get sober."
This was, of a truth, a little too much for
the equanimity of tbe audience. A general
haw, haw went the rounds of the bouse;
even the old lady whose sympathizing eye
was tho orator's first inspiration well, she
laughed first, and then waxed extremely
wroth afterwards. She would like to know
how people would be allowed to interrupt
the good cause In that way. A middle-aged
gentleman, who rather enjoyed the scene,
assured her that people were not interrupt
ing tbe cause, but causing the interruption.
Tbe old woman 'lowed she didn't see the
difference The ralddle-aged gentleman
whom I strongly suspect of being an accom
plice of the- outsiders, from the knowing
Iccr about him, and the significant pimples
on his red nose this middle-aged gentle
men furthermore assured the old lady that It
served the long-legged hypocrite- (meaning
the speaker) right, contending that he had
better pay bis liquors bills before making
"Thatgiftod, cjirinf man, owe for liquor f"
" Yes, ma'iim."
"Impossible! Did yon not bear blm say
no man who drinks can be saved t"
It don't make any difference, ma'am; he
owes me three dollars and seventy-live cents
for whiskey sours, which he has taken over
the counter of my saloon."
"Yon arc a impostor, slrl" and the old
lady turned her elevated back upon the man
of pimples. .
Meantime the orator had been passing his
long fingers Insanely through his long, dry
hair, and shortly be launched forth again :
"While some one steps out and requests
those scoundrels to withdraw, I will con
tinue mv remarks." Here.the middle-need
Lgentleman went forth asd-quiet agate reigned
wiinoui. a no spcaxor aweu now some lime
on the horrors, the deep dangers at .tho bot
tom or the flowing "bowL "Look at the
drunkard's death-bed!" exclaimed he; "the
parched lip, for which the bowl no longer
brims with moisture: tbeehukiireve. fumed
for the last time upon haggard wife add1
children; and, while tbe Death Angel is beck
oning from tho Other Side, he bears the
earnest prayer1 of the long-suffering partner
of his bosom and"
Let every young bacnelor nil up hu glass,
Tire la compaenie
And drink to the health of bis favorite lass,
Vlie la compngniel' etc
per. He waited till the tumult within and
without the school-bouse had subsided: then
ho demanded whether there was any law
and order in that community. How long Is
this sort of thing going to last? Whcq will
these villains disperse t"
While tho enraged speaker was pausing
for words with which to brand such proceed
ings, there arose, low at first, but swelling
and gaining force, until It became almost
deafening, this well-known chorus:
e won't go Home tui morning,
VTe won't-go home till morning.
We won't go home till morning,
.Till flarligbt does appear."
It was of no use. Tbe loner, lank Demos-
thenesc of cold water seized his hat and
strode out into the darkness, and tbe meet
ing (inside and outside) was broken up and
TnE Imsn Cncncn Speech op Mil Jons
Bnion-r. On June 3d, Mr. Bright having
accepted an invitation at tho Welsh National
Reform Association to visit Liverpool during
tbe annual catherimr which la held nt Whit
suntide, in that town, addressed a crowded
meeting, composca cnicny or natives of the
Principality, in the Amphitheatre. He said
that the Pconlc of Wales bad. on manv nrm.
slons, shown themselves capable of great
nsumuuu uuu punvra ox organisation ; ana
now. that tbe nation was called unon to de
cide, the greatest question ever submitted to
It, he hoped it would not be settled nithnnt
ilic voice of Wales being heard In its support.
Auia question waa iuo ais-esiaonsnmenl oi
tbe Protestant Church in Ireland, and apart
from the natural sentiment in favor oTjusticc,
the peoplo of Wales were, from clear politi
cal and religions circumstances, most deeply
interested in this question. For centuries,
the Crown and tbo aristocracy bad governed
Ireland, but there had been no real union,
and, until very lately, nofgood government.
For three hundred years, there had been but
tbe principle of political and religious as
cendancy, against which the Irish people had
vainly protested. The result had been threo
hundred years of misery, bloodshed, and in
surrection. It was only under the Influence
of the struggle with the American colonies
that England had relaxed her cruel rule, and
It was not till so recently as 1829 that her
code of pains and disabilities was materially
iciiucu, uuk uveu iu luia aay, tne rroiestant
Establishment was tbo sign and symbol of
that hated rule, and, If possible, of a still
more hateful religious ascendancy. Hepolnt
ed out the results'of.thls nollcv. which was
not only seriously prejudicial to the greatest
Interests or England, but In tho opinion of
many wise persons, to the Btate Church it
self. Whatever might be tbe advantages of
a State Church, they could not be allowed to
interfere with tho highest Imperial Interests,
op tho sacred principles of equality nnd Jus
tice; but there was no one out of Bedlam,
or even in Bedlam, who would not, at the
state of things In Ireland, fail to condemn a
religious establishment so hateful and offen
sive to the great bulk of the Irish people,
whose sole aim and obicct was noil Ileal and
not religious equality. Who was it that sup
ported this state of things? It was the Tory
party a party who had Invariably opposed
every measue of justice and wisdom tflat bad
been proposed for either'England or Ireland.
Now, what was it that Mr. Gladstone, In
his resolution, proposed to tIo? It was to
reduce tbe Episcopal Church in Ireland to
precisely tbo same condition that it was in
Scotland and In the colonics, what the Wes
leyan Cbuch was In Wales and In England,
and the Free Church in Scotland.
Having pointed out tiic results which
would follow from the dls-cstablishmcnt of
tbe Irish Church in promoting the peace and
tranquility of Ireland and adding to tho
strength and stability of the Empire, be
called upon the people of Wales to do their
share in obtaining this great success. Tbey
had shown a remarkable organization in
religious matters, and now they were called
upon to exert the same qualities in a field
hardly less Important. They were frugal,
Industrial and most orderly as citizens. The
arms which their forefathers nscd could not
contend with the power of England, but
tbey could now exert a far more effective
Cower in the cause of justice arid equality
y uniting with every wise and Indulgent
man In the United Kingdom, and by making
a significant addition to the Liberal majority
which had already included tbe question now
before Parliament and the country. The
honorable gentleman sat down amid loud
Frescti Method of Raising Tomatoes.
As soon as a cluster of flowers Is visible, tbe
stem is topped down to the cluster, so that
flowers terminate tbo stem. The clTcct fe,
that the sap is Immediately Impelled into the
two bnds below tbe cluster, which soon
push strongly and producer another cluster
of flowers each. When these are visible,
tbe branch to which they belong is also
topped down to their level; and this is done
five times successively. By this means the
plants becomcstout, dwarf boshes, not above
eighteen Inches high. In order to prevent
their falling over, sticks or strings are hitched
horizontally along tbe rows, so as to keep
tbe plants erect. In addition to tbis, all
the laterals that hare no flowers, and after
the fifth topping all laterals whatsoever are
nipped off. In this way the ripe sap is di
rected into the fruit, wblch acquires a beauty,
size and excellency unattainable by otber
Crosses, King of Lydla, who felt presump
tiously proud pn account of his power and
riches, had dressed himself one day In bis
utmost splendor of apparel and royal orna
ments, and, seating himself on his throne,
exhibited bis person to Solon, as compre
hending within itself tbe substance and sum
of all wordly glory. " Have yon ever be
held," said he to the Grecian sage, "a spec
tacle more august?" "I have," was the
answer; "there is neither a pheasant In our
fields, nor a peacock in onr court-yard, nor
a cock on our dunghill, that does not surpass
you in glory i"
Miss Airsrz Dicxrssos is now talking
about "Something to do." If she would
look into some of our well-kept homes, and
observe tbe (air young mothers caressing the
smiling cbeni'v. she might gain a suggestion
for her them
A wag says that once on a journey he was
put into a sleigh with a dozen morepassea
gers, not one of whom he .knew, bat ppoti
turning a short corner tbe sleigh trpset, "and
lheo," said be, ."I found fees all oat."
Liarrrrso LAim by Buctokttti Tk
Boston TravtBer says: At the lastrtstte of
Technology there -was exMMted a workhag
model ofa new Invention for Ughtrsr the
street gas from a central point byclectiicrty.
There are now in Boston 5.0SO street sns
lamps, and tbe cost of help to care for thea
1 ia,CX. Between the Usae .vrfcea the
lighting is begun ind when It is. Mtaei,
much gas Is uaneceassrily wed; aad it la
calculated that tbe saving from this and
other sources by tbe appliefrUoa of the ap
paratus wlH be $60,000 a year.
The practical crjeratlon recently bsftm tb
Institute of Technology- called forth hearty
applause. Connected with each' gnsrht
there will be a little box: ,a the bos; there
will be a valve worked by a notched whael;
Each pulsation or the electric Said over the
wire, moves one notch of tbe wheel, aad
eighty pulsations turn the wheel bajf rtmad,
and the valve- Is thus slowly opened; the
moment it Is open a flash of electricity rre
a Bhnmkoff coll. also concealed In tbe hex-.
lights the gas. The gas Is turned or by
eciung mo eiccincjiy ai nwa wm om ISN
notched wheel, aad with M'taMtte. Ifr
SO seconds the' wheel !s turned hahTrcnsnd, -and
the valve closed- The valve la maefr k
sucn a way that it cannot get out M ssjBk
beinir simolv raised or 'decreased la assttat
by the action of the wheel.
Tbe current to work the wheel 14 arrasaed
by a wire, which passes through a, eircsttt ef
60 lamps and returns to tbe instru Brent or
office where It Is started. A second wire
similarly arranged, Is required to- charge the
Bhumkofi colls There Is, of course, a coH
apd wheel to each gaslight.
The batteries, at the office, an not worked
by hand, as the telegraph operator works by
tapping with his. ringer, but by a piece of
clock work called the' automatic "circwH
breaker,1' which makes Its eighty taps, of
Its own accord, when tbo sbrlng is touched.
and then stops, and eighty taps more, when
wo spring is ugain loucncu, anu so est.
It is proposed to divide a tltv into efarfat
districts. In each district there will be a
"circuit breaker," connecting1 with all the
gaslights In that district. At the City Ball
there will beacentral office; here there will
be a central battery; eight wires-vHi go to
the -clpht circuit breakers; a. man at- tbe
central office will touch bis lustruraeat, aad
that will flash a current that will move the
BDrlmrs of the cltrht district circuit brsafcMi
and a 20 seconds more every burner la the
city will be lighted.
The St. Petersburg correspondent of the Lon
don Herald says : On Monday afternoon, at
about half-past five o'clock, the capita was
startled by a salvd of SOI rounds thundering
from tho guns of tbe fortress, to announce
the birth of a Grand Duke at Tarskoe, Selo,
If It had been a daughter, thirty-one rounds
only, would have deemed tulHclenU The
child who, f all goes well, will one day be
Czar of all tbe Russlas, has already received
the name of Nicholas, after his great-graad
father. Tbe town was Illuminated at night,
and In the following' evenlns: a second illu
mination was prepared on a.ruucb gMsder
scale, though In one way It seems almost a
nltr to take so much trouble, as tho nis-bta
are so long and light that a pyrotechmcal
display Is money thrown away.and peine per
due, Tbo shops in, the, leading thoroughfares,
as well as the shipping in tbe river, still hang
out gaudy flags. It was generally rcport
cd yesterday that an amnesty would be grant
ed to political and other offenders, on so
auspicious an occasion, bnt in the Imperial
manifesto that appeared In to-day's (May 30)
Journal, no mention of the kind Is made;
perhaps it may come later. The name of the
young Grand Dnke Nicholas Alexandrovltch
is already inscribed In the' registers of all
too regiments oi tne unsres, iiussars or
Grondo. etc.. In which his father the Herl-
ticris inscribed, and he has been named eWef
or tho Sixty-fifth Regiment of lnfautrylsjf
Moscow, which is henceforth to be called
his Imperial Highness.' Own!" As you may
well believe, all the newspapers this morning
are full of loyal expressions of joy and grat
itude to God for this "new blessing of the
Divine goodness." They boast that the ussWo
between the throne and the country Is so
close and Intimate that all classes are unani
mous in regarding tbe happy event quite as a
fete de fammitte. If possible, It will Increase
tne Einuiy sympatnies ana love oi the nation
for the young Danish girl, who, from the
first momcut of her arrival, knew how to
win herself and enchain all Russian hearts
' in willing bonds and sweet captivity."
Rotaltt and Bed Tape. Red Tane la a
great Institution In the old world, iicro ii
a sample of It In Russia: One day the Em
press Catherine suffered from a severe eeid
In the heed, and her -physicians ordered her
to rub her Imperial nese not against that of
one of her stalwart favorites, as wo her cus
tombut with a lump of tallow." But as
there was no tallow in tbe palace tbey sent to
town ana oougn; a on. ine impress was
cured of her cold and all was over. This
took place In 1799.- In 1850 the Emperor
Nicholas, turning over carelessly tbe book of
domestic accounts kept by his house ts lat
ter, saw the following: "Tallow for cariag
his Majesty of a cold, ten ronbles."
As be knew that be had no cold the. day
before, tbe Emperor suspected a swindle,
and to clear tho matter no. be carefully ex
amined tbe book or accounts from one end
to tbe other. What was bis amazement to
find every day the same Item repeated i "For
curing the cold of Ills 3tajcsty, ten roubles."
Ha of course demanded an explanation of
tbis amazinf? exnense and It waa famnd that
since tbe days of the Empress' Cathertac, or
uuu a century, unaer uireo ainereni emper
ors, the house accounts were charged with
ten roubles daily, tbe Drice of tallow neamt
for imperial noses which bad no need of
A similar story is told of the English Court.
One Queen Somebody possibly Charlotte:
and It may be Victoria was unwell, aad K
Became necessary to ruo ner head with bran
dy. A bottle was 'bought and used, aad her
Majesty's rumsellet In ordinary was wittered
to supply one, daily. Some twenty. yera
after? a bill was brought In for seven its) as
and, three hundred and odd bottles of bis
dy, as many or gin, and about twice M,BMeti
oi uie ana outer varieties oi spiniasseejn
tlouarr. -
How to Salcte a Soveheiox. A Paris
correspondent writes: As appropriate to a
season of royal wanderings, Bea- .ta lrlrg
and kinglets of Etrope are likely to he net
In the street at aay moment, the nt Utrkt
enne, puonsucs some rai oasis, rates Mr de
portment In such emergencies : " when the
sovereign passes oy, me wen-brea s
stop, face about, and gravely IlftiBsr Ms. hat
with bis right band, should, wltooot bo wine,
lower It Just to tbe level cf the ksee. This
Is a salute at once respectful and proad, aad
I should call It citizens.' It is netkxMble
that -gravity and precision are essentad. to
tbe character of this solute. The bet saost
describe exactly tbe semi-circle rreea the
occiput to tbe knee, no more aad ao less;
more wouia oe servility, less wosm be
impertinence and almost sedKtoa." La Tie
luritienne continues, in solemn gooi. Mth:
ai you arc in an open carnage jet your
coachman stop tbe horses, and e aoarseh?
stanaup. inciauy need only rMa nxue on
tbe cushions. In a -word, let yoar sahrte be
always very respectM, bat let roar afinnn
be calm, and without servility; shown oace
proroond defereuceand the cegpieto aSJuuuisj
of all Impertinent curiosity."
Tbs resolution fb trod need int the Mta-
odist General Conference, coadsssatex the
use of tobacco, aad propeeratr to fttitoat
from tbe sslnMry ail pemoae whe aa ia the
naouoi using it in any tons, m act 1
received by the cewstwiiera. 1
Tribune kicks aaUtt it, aad is spirit of
mockery, advise the gsnttrataa who aaarsd
tho" reeolatioo to draw op aa mutate Cna
m&ndment to tbe enact that -" TfcM aaast nat
sHoke," aad to take leisasdfcU assasajai to
cKise the Khtgdoa at xteavaet a amj
who;tahe saaa; drialc tea or aM
WJHK, ClWtfeMlga Of Qt&tftt&i Of Mal I
rafts p0u-p wvwf, or me om i

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