Every Wednesday Homing,
AT SM FElt AXXC3I.
Malted to Foreign Sabwrtbrxa at S7.0U.
Orncz Oa Merchant street, vest of
he Post Office, Honolala, II. L
BOOK AND JOB
Plums mmsxMm l
the "OAzarns" omci
Is bow prepared to xaevt u owm tar
m in filer run.
OF EVERY BsWCSOTIO.
WITH NEATNBSa A3TB DIBPATOX
Pristxl and psMbluil bj J. Sim Skits, at th Vi", f TYJ OQ '
nmarat rrinUne OOc. to whom all tmiiaeM ' J Li, 1 "" O.J
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, JULY 29, 1868. 6.00 PER YEAE.
comun&katioot noil b addrv!.
i- - '
C X. f NCXK. B. XACrAKLAXE.
CIIAS. SPESCKU Jt CO.,
nvvvwiT. COSUOSSIOS MERCHANTS,
;! Queen'S trert, llonolulu. It
McCOLG.l.'V fc jOiJc-isorv,
FORT STBEET, HONOLULU.
1 Opposite T. C. Iltucll's. p.r
DIPOXTEK AA1 DK.W.KR
IS BOOTS, SHOES fc GENTLESCEX'S nJB-
Comer of Fort and Jlereh.nt Street,
HOXOLCLC, II. I. 1;
LANGLEY, CBOWELL & CO.,
Cor. liattex-jr and Clay Streets),
SA-TV FRANCISCO, CAJL.
GEOCER AND SHIP CHANDLER,
Money and Recruits farsisbed to ships on
6-lyJ favorable terms.
XIIEO. II. DAVIES,
(l.U Janiee, Green t Cos
LatPOETER d C0K2HSSI0N MERCHANT
Lief dt' and the Liverpool Underwriters,
Northern Assurance Company, and
Brituh and Foreign Maria Insurance Co.
Importers and Wholesale Dealers
In FashiosaM Clothing, Bab, Caps, Boot
and Shoes, and eiery variety of Gentle
men's Superior Furnishing Goods.
Store knewu uCapt.SnawBnUdlne
)iuauT Siuxt. UoBeiaia, Oahs. (M
SL W. SLEWS,
Tort Street, opposite Odd Fellows' Hall.
Gives particular attention to the repair of
Fire Amu, Sewing MaeMnes, Locks.
Drxz wi9 of JaraiMry, d-e., mad to Order.
C. B. LEWEHS.
j. c. sicssox.
Lewers & Dickson,
IMPORTERS, WHOLESALE AND
Retail Dealers in Lurcher and Bonding
Materials. Fort, King and Merchant streets,
1. I. V1LXIB. S. C. ALLXS.
WALKER & ALLEN,
Shipping and Commission
19-tf noXOLCLC. H. L
L. L. TOR BERT,
DEALER CT LTTXBEE AND EVERY KIND
OF BUILDING HATERIAL.
Orricx Corner Queen and Fort Streets.
Bolles & Co.,
SHIP CHANDLERS & COMMISSION 2EEB
CHASTS, Queen Street, particular attention paid to tie
purchase and sale of Hawaiian Produce.
cirrus xr riaxtsstos to
C A. WB&mi A Co f C. Brewer A Co.,
Caitl. i Cooke, H. Haekfeld A Co.,
D. C. Waterman, C. L. Richards A Co.,
George G. Howe,
Sealer is Bjdwood and Scrthweit Laaber,
6hiEgles, Boon, Suit. Blinds, Sails,
At his OW Stand on the Esplanade. 36-It
MRS. JT. II. BLACK,
FOBT ST., 'BETWEES EUTG & HOTEL.
Bonnets made np and tricuced in the latest
steles. Ctampicr, Braidint; and Em
broidirint;, eiecntcl to order.
F. A. SCIIAEFJSR Jt CO.,
uosoixlc, n. l ps-ij)
Ed. HoffscHaeger & Co
ntPOETEES & C0HMISS10XMEECHA5TS
Hsnolula, Oahn, H. I. 4-ly
A. S. Clegliorn,
WHOLESALE & yTTTT. DEALE3 Iff GE2S"
Fire-proof Store, corner of Queen and Eaaha-
BetaQ Establishiuent on Nutans Street.
Theodore C. Heuck,
QrtFOSTES C01CEISS10N MERCHANT.
Honolulu, Oaha, S. I. 1-ly
H. Haclileia ac Co.,
GEHXEAL COMXISSION AGENTS.
Honolulu. Oahu. S. L. S-lj
J. D. WICKE,
AgeBt far tli: BremeB Board
All arerage claims against said Underwriters,
occamnr in or abeot this Eindoc, will
hare to be eertiied beCue me. 7-lj
-70XXI5SIOH 3CEECHA5T AND UOiKKAT.
Aczxr roK the
Pankaa and Amauula Sugar Plantations.
Importer of Teas and other Chinese and For
rign Goods, atd Wholesale Dealer in Ha
waiian Produce, at the Fire-f roof Store,
Nnuanu Street, bjow King. SI-lj
T-mttrs, VTlwIesale tcl Betjil Dealeri la
GSieral Xercixisc-vsi Chisa. Gcois,
Tire-croot Store in Nanan. Street, under the
JEWELER AND ENGRAVER
3CR. J- C)SiA
'A Is now prepared to execute with rmnptness
if aH work Tin his line .f business, sacli
yfM.Ub and CIoclc Kplrta&
fffinirf '" -fT Jwlrr.
Six,p on Fort Street, opposite Odd Jf 'n'
CM1UI. S.6. wiLDra.
AXA3I!!i A, IVILIsEU,
ATJCTIOS & C0JDOSSI0K JCERCHAKTS
!Mj) Honolala. II. I.
E. M. VAN REED,
Hariss the.best facHitiea through an. Intimate
connection with the Japanese trade for the
business entrusted to his care, with dispatch.
C. S. BARTOW,
E ales-Boom, Queen Street, one
J OH Iff S. PA IY,
' NOTARY PUBLIC
And Commissioner of Seeds
TOE THE STAIX OT CiUTOESIA.
Office at the Bass or BtSBOr A Co.
VAKISTY STOSE Zfo. i
All kialsuf Merchandise and Groceries.
COSTIACES TO PRACTICE AS A
SoliciUr, Attorner, and Proctor in the
Supreme Court, in .Law, xqaitj, Aamiraltj,
Probate ana itirore. wt
H. A. WIDEMANN,
OrriCE AT TBI I5TEBI0S DsraKTXIST.
e. x. t. cixrrx.
c biiet:!! Jc CO.
COMMISSION AND SHIPPIN6
llonolnla. UsLhu, II. I.
AGEXTS or trie Boston and Honolala
AGETTS For the 2Iakee, "VVaUnVa and
AGE.TTS For the Purchase and Sale or
Island Prod nee.
Jons JL Hood, Ehj. New York.
Cms. Bhtwxk & Co. R.wnn
JtS. IIOSEWTXL, Esq. f
J f!. Vtbptt t. a- Co. I
K. S. S want & Co. Saa Francisco.
Cuas. Wixcot Beooks, Esq. ) 5-ly
J. P. HUGHES,
ImDorter and Manufacturer
OF ALL KIXDS OF SADDLEIIT.
Carriage Trimming done with neatness and
dispatch. All orders promptljattended to.
Corner of Fort and Hotel streets, Honolala.
SAMUEL C. WILDER,
Post-0ee address, "Wilder Pljjtatioi,'
7-tf) Kualoa, Oabu.
NEVILLE & BARRETT,
Planters & General Store Keepers
XF.0PUX&, S. KONA, HAWA1L
(Xear Eealalekna Baj.)
Island produce booght. Ships supplied with
Wood, Beef and other ncessaries.
Agent at Honolulu.. A. S. CciCHOtj.
CHAUNCEY C. BENNETT,
Dealer in newspapers, Ksgaxtaes, Period
Fort Street, near King,
M. S. CRINBAUM & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE
Dealers in Fashionable Clothing
Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoe, and eTerjrariety
of Gentlemen's superior furnishing goods.
STORE IN MAKEE'S BLOCK,
Qaeen Street. llonolnla, Oahn.
E. C. ADDERLEY,
Importer and Maker of all Kinds of
SADDLERY, HARNESS, &c.
Carriages trimmed with neatness and dis
patch. An repairs done with care and
Next doorto J. JL Smith A Co's Drag Store.
N. B. A choice lot of Ladies Superior
Saddle on hand. 43
J. H. THOMPSON,
IIOSOLCLU, II. I.
on band and for gale, a good
REFINED BAR IRON !
Best Blacksmith's Coal,
At the Lowest Market Prices SS-lj
M. RAP LEE,
SHIPPING ASS C0JDO5SI0N AGENT,
Ofiee with E, P. Adams, Esq.,
QUEES STREET, UOSOLrXU.
unu IT nxxtssros' to
Geo. Xcrraa L. Smita,C;(Xrs. C Brewer A Co.
S-CoaraL lMeota. WaTkera ACn-
M rv. icto.-ii A Cr -' IE. P. AJujs, Ztq. fa
RUINAKTTpere & tils Champagne,
Carte Blanche, in pints and quarts.
For Sale by
H. HACEFELD A CO.,
15-tf) Messrs. Buinart, per. A fill Bheims.
PIANOS AND OTHER MUSICAL IN
STRUMENTS Tuned ami Repaired, by
CHAS. DERBY, at the Theatre.
Lessons given, on the Piano a&dGcitar.
Best of reference jfren. 51
Fsyn-iiiiT to tue Hawaiian GAzrrrr.
Sax Fbasosco, July 4th, 1S6S.
An immense rariUon is In process of con
struction coTering nearly the entire extent
of Union Sqnart for the accommodation of
articles to be exhibited at the forthcomln.
Angnst Fair. As I bare already informed
yon, the opening of the "Exposition" is
fixed for the Cth of the month named, bnt
exhibitors will hardly be prepared with their
articles by that time; probably not before
the 25th, or the first of September. The va
rious woolen mills (and we now hare three).
Intend making each a grand display of their
fabrics. There are few persons who baTe
not Tlslted the mills, who could form any
coneptlon ot the fineness, Tariety, and -excellence
of the cloths, blankets, carpets, etc,
they torn out. They hare ininaged to se
cure, and will always hereafter command, a
monopoly in this department of maufactures.
When labor is cheaper, there will be little
occasion- to import made-up woolens, as is
now the case to a great extent. All the tex
tures and colors of cloths generally used
can be found here, and at prices that will
compare Tery favorably with those charged
at the East. There will be an extensive dis
play of machinery in the Fair one entire
win; of the capacious building having been
set aside for He erection and accommodation.
A countless host of articles in the hardware
line, of inventions, of cabinet ware, of agri
cultural implements, of machines, fire-arms
etc, etc, will be on exhibition. A spacious
gallery has also been devoted to photo
graphy, paintings, sculpture, embroidery,
wax, etc ; and taken all in all, ii the expecta
tions of the managers are no more than half
realized, the exhibition must prove one of
interest, and it is hoped, of profit. .
Oar Public Libraries.
The Alta bad an article on this subject a
few days ago, in which it places the number
of volumes in the Mercantile, Mechanics'
and Odd Fellows' Libraries at 52,000 volumes.
The two first named ire open to all sub
scribers ; the latter only to the members of
the order and their families. These three
libraries are the principal almost only pub
lic libraries in the city, exclusive of those
belonging to religions denominations, and
attached to the Sunday Schools of the
churches. Pursuing the subject, the paper
alluded says: "The total number of those
who read books from the public libraries is
not less than 0,000 the wives and children
of members having the privilege of getting
books and it may be as high as 00,000. The
proportion of library subscribers to voters
Is larger in this city than any other, and we
presume that the reading is relatively great
er." San Franciscans are decidedly a read
The city fathers are discussing the propri
ety of devoting a thousand acres of land or
so belonging to the city, and situated just
"ayant" its limits, to the nses of a public
park. A committee appointed to select the
site, disagreed in opinion, and returned ma
jority and minority reports. This disagree
ment consists in whether the location shall
be on that portion of the peninsula extend
ing on the one side towards the bay, and on
the other towards the ocean. The separate
reports are now under discussion, and it is
hard as yet to conjecture which will be
adopted. In any event, it would be at least
five or six years before the grounds could
be so far laid out, planted and otherwise
beautified as to make the spot desirable
as a place of summer resort.
People arc never so happy as when genteely
humbugged. Wc have bad in this city, for
several past years, an excellent opera troupe,
which was, in the end, literally starved out,
and took vessel for Australia. While this
troupe failed to draw remunerative bouses,
there has scarcely been a time when the
community were not prepared to run wild
after any celebrity, or rather, notorious per
son, with a high sounding name, who took
the precaution to fin the show-windows of
the stationery stores with photographic like
nesses, and the street-comers and bulletin
boards with immense posters, in red, black
asd blue ink, announcing their expected
arrival and transcendent, historic; instru
mental or vocal abilities. The latest " sen
sation" is a "fat and forty" Italian lady,
with the compound patronymic of "Parepa
Rosa." Why the hyphen should be used to
make her name a conjunction, is a matter on
which I have not been informed. This lady
came into our midst when the fashionables
were positively suffering with raasi, not
bavinghad any place to go for a long while,
asd her success is therefore assured. A
line of carriages occupying the entire block,
were paraded on Montgomery street, the
night of her delut at Piatt's HaU; and al
though we have bad at least half a dozen
prima donnas here who were her superiors,
she wUl serve.
And now that I have commenced to speak
oi amssements, I shall go through the list.
I snppose your isolated position in the great
ocean prevents yen from enjoying the oppor
tunities for theatrical, equestrian and such
kinds of exhibition. I regret this, for we
have here a circus troupe known as "Cbari-
nfs Royal Italian Hippodrome;" which, for
brilliant performance; in every department
riding-, vaulting, tumbling, on the trapez,
balancing, dancing, gorgeousness of vest
ment and perfectness of training in its horses,
excels anything ever before produced on this
coast, and I think I might truly say, on this
continent. A couple of Ethiopians, swboy
aged about eleven years and a giri twelve,
broOer and sister, and black as "the ace of
spades," are prominent as equestrians among
its splendid conrpany. There is a dash about
both which exdtes invariable admiration; the
boy rides is a three horse act and a four horse
hurdle act, bare-backed, in top-boots, in ruch
a bold, graceful and successful manner as to
provoke the wildest applause, and the gMesa
leap higher on hone back and clear " the ban
ners" with a more aitenfrtnTi spring' than I
era before wttaessed ia any of her sex, old
or young. WUl people still maintain that
the "darkles" have no genius!
Slarlc Twain on the llampage.
Your readers need not to bo told who Mark
Twain Is; they have had a "touch of his
quality." Well, you are all aware that Mark
visited the Holy Land, writes letters of cot
respondence to the Atta, and after bis return
from the Orient, tarried a 6hort time in New"
York, Washington and other places, and then
returned to California, lie has been in this
city for several weeks, engaged, It Is said, In
writing a book. This book he Intends to
publish in New York city; but being some
thing of a prodigal, it is extremely doubtful
if he has the means to encompass the pro
ject without making another " raise" He is
announced to sail on the 16th instant, but
previous to his departure advertised a fare
well lecture on "Venice, the oldest of the
Republics," which, accordhfjlo announce
ment, came off on the evening of the 3d insL,
in the new hall of the Mercantile Library
building. The audience was respectably
large. Mark is not an entertaining speaker,
and the satisfaction rendered was, as I might
express it, " so, so." But I wish to call your
attention to his manner of getting himself
before the public His printed slip, circu
lated through the city on Thursday, is too
lengthy to give in detail, but here Is a speci
men of its contents:
Sax Francisco, JuneSOth.
Mr. Jlark T rain : Learning with profound
regret that you have concluded to postpone
your departure until the Cth oi July, and
leamlc?. also, with unspeakable grief, that
vou propose to read from your forthcoming
nook, or lecture again before you go, nt the
new Mercantile Library, we hasten to beg of
yon that you wui not do it. uuro tms spirit
of lawless violence, and emigrate at once
Have the vessel's bill for your passage sent
to us. We will pay It
Pacific Board of Brokers,
Wells, Fargo & Co.,
The Merchants' Exchange,
Pacific Union Express Co.,
The Bank of California,
Ladles' Co-operative Union,
S. F. Olympic Club,
CaL Typographical Union.
Sax Francisco, June 30th.
Jr. Jfari rimJn Dear Sir: trHIyou start,
now, without unnecessary" delay?
Pbofbietoks or the Alto, Stdlttin, Timtt,
Call, Examiner, lujaro, Spirit of Ox
Timet, Ditpatch, Goidtn Era, Dramatic
Chronicle, Son Letter, Golden dly, lUict
Gazette, The Califomian, The Ortrland
Sax Francisco, June SOth.
Ju. Jarit Tirafn Dear Sir: Do not delay
vour departure. You can come back and
lecture another time .In the language of
the worldly, you can "cut anil come again."
Your friends, The Cixbot.
Sax Fbaxcisco, June SOth.
Mr. Mori Tieaiit Dear Sir: You had better
go. Yours, Cntzr or Police.
Gentlemen: Restrain your emotions; you
see that they can not avail.
DrrrE&Exci rx Time eetweex Old and
New Style. Editor Bulletin: In the late
case of the ship Cataroxich, in the Fourth
District Court, one of the witnesses is re
ported to have stated that there were eleven
days difference in time between the Old and
New Style Calendar. This is an error, the
difference being twelve days; -and in view of
the extensive commercial relations which i
wUl probably soon spring jp between this
port and Russian ones on the Pacific, (where
the Old Style is used,) It is desirable that so
important a matter as corresponding dates
should be perfectly understood by our busi
ness men. And since no one else has called
attention to It, I win do so myself, and en
deavor to folly explain it by generally re
viewing the subject of the calendar. The
exact period of a year, or the revolution of
the earth around the sun, I&S63 days, 5 hours,
43 minutes and 51 seconds. The ancient
Egyptians used 365 days for their year, and
TtiiiT.. Tj:-rV i
ZV?J.b' nrest,coTc3t-! T6.8 5f 5aifr0m I
wbom our calendar is derived, used 13 lunar
months, or 3 days, this threw the sea
sons into great confusion, but was rectified
by Julius Csesar in the year 45 B. C , which
he ordered to commence on the 1st of Janu
ary, being the day of the new moon immedi
ately lollowin? the winter solstice, of the
year before lie also enacted that the suc
ceeding year, 44 B. C, should consist of 445
days, and thereafter that oae bissextile or
leap year, should be Inserted after every
three common years, by making February to
consist of 23 instead of 2b days. This period, I
however, was too great by 11 minutes and 9 I
seconds in each year, amounting to more I
than ten days In 1562, when Pope Gregory I
Alll decreed that the yearsnouia oe Drought
forward 10 days by reckoning the 5th of Oc
tober the 15th, and to insure accuracy there
after prescribed the rule-that: Every year
whose number is not divisible by four, with
out a remainder, to consUt of SG5 days:
every year which is so diveible, but is not
divisible by 100, of 386; every year divisible
oyiuu, Dct not Dy -mu, a gun, oisto; and
every year divisible by 400, of.SGS.
This calendar was adopted immediately in
all the Catholic States of Europe, but was
not introduced into England until the year
no;, wnen, cy Act oi rannment, u days
were suppressed, (the error laving Increased
one day), and the 3d of September was
caned the 11th. By the tame Act, the be
ginning of the year was charged from March
25th to January 1st.
in.n that rumnJ (Vn h. . (,-..,
untii,Fiir infl 'nnnortiT th rfiffpr.no. I
in dates between ourselves aid the Russians
is now 12 days, and aTler February 23, 1S00,
win be 13 days. Teoxas Texsext.
A Fitxst Case; A very an using case was
brought before a justice of New Albany,
Ind., recently. The Ledger reports it in the
following happy styles Aiam Reinhardt,
an old German, over whose bead the
frosts of about 70 winters hive passed, was
arrested by officer Sandfori, charged with
stealing a hen from Mary Bowery The offi
cer found the chicken in a basket in bis
house sad it being proof positive that a
petit larceny had been committed he was
placed in jaiL The prisoner, with the
chicken confined in a basket, was taken be
fore Justice Baxter, and the charge of petit
larceny was drawn up by Prosecutor Jackson,
setting forth that a hen bad been feloniously
taken by the prisoner. Wben tne charge
was read the hen cackled, and npea an
examination of the basket by Eeinbardt's
counsel it was discovered that she bad laid an
egg. The counsel moved to quash the indict
ment on the ground that it did not set forth
in fun the articles taken. The prosecutor
looked dumbfounded at the turn things had
taken, and asked leave of the court to amend
so as to incorporate the egg. While the
Justice was deliberating the Colonel con
cluded he would examine the basket, and in
doing so the hen floundered around, break
ing tne esg. litis arrumsranee made tne
affidavit correct, provided the trial was
proceeded with before another egg was laid.
The prosecutor took in the situation at a
gluecand hurried on the trial, which re
sulted in the triumphant acquittal of Rein
hardt, notwithstanding circumstances appear
ed so greatly against hira.
A Taxkxx captain once snog out in a squall
to a raw hand on board bis craft: "Let go
the jib, herel Dura yowr skin, let so that
jib!" "I ain't touching it 7 squared oat
Envelope Maxctactukxrs Envelopes
first came Into use about the year 1SS9, and
for eomo time were rut and folded by hand,
but as the process was too slow to supply
the increasing demand, several ingenious ma
chines were invented to furnish them with
greater rapidity. These machines cut the
paper into shape with chisels, and the envel
opes were then folded by band with the com
mon folder. About three thousand were as
many as one person could fold per day. In
1845 another machine was Invented, by which
from forty-five to sixty envelopes per minute
... A U 1 .,:t.A , , r.M
.lie fJiuuuuvu, J'i iMoi i j T iA r iiuui
twenty-seven thousand to thirty thousand
In 1S31 another machine was constructed
lor loioung ana gumming tne paper lor en
velopes. In the United States, band-mado
envelopes were first furnished to the trade by
Messrs. BeU &. Gonld, and Mr. G. F. Nesbltt,
of New York. Mr. Gerard Sickles Invented
a machine which was used by the former
bouso with roodjuccess. Mr. Nrskltt coon
secured another machine, more simple and
perfect than any then in use He used in his
establishment about elcht machines, the ca
pacity of each of which was thirty thousand
envelopes per dav.
There are now several large establishments
using machines of different capacities. Of
these, " Lockwood s Improved envelope ma
chine" is the only one which makes envelopes
by a continuous operation. It has four times
the capacity of any other machine now In
use, and requires a fewer number of attend
ants. Each machine is capable of making
six sizes of envelopes, and produces an aver.
ae of from eighty to ninety thousand com-
f'lete envelopes per day. The paper passes
Dto this machine from a continuous roll at
one end, and the envelopes come out gummed
and finished at the other end, at the rate of
one hundred and seventy-five to two hundred
These envelopes are as neat In appearance,
aid more evenly gummed than thoso made
partly by hand, and are therefore less Hablo
to open. There being fewer thicknesses of
paper than In the old style, they offer a more
even surfaco for the type-work, and hence
present a neater appearance wben printed
.The Lockwood Manufacturing Company of
Phlhdelplila has one of the largest and most
complete establishments of Its class in the
United States. The buildings have a front
on Third and Levant streets, of forty-seven
feet, a depth of one hundred and eighty-seven
feet, and are five stories In height. In the
different apartments there are about ninety
machines used In the vanops processes, to
which power is communicated, by means of
over six hundred feet of shafting from a forty
horsepower engine The exhaust stam is
nscd not only in warming the building, but
In boiling water and beating glue and paste
Many of the machines are made of wood, and
some of them costly. In connection with
paper collars, envelopes and tags, there are
apartments appropriated to the manufacture
of paper boxes, of which abont three thou
sand are made dally.
All the printing of labels, envelopes, cards,
etc, Is done on the premises, and so exten
sive Is tbelr business, that eleven of Gordon's
improved printing presses, and nearly two
hundred-fonts of new type are employed in
this department. There is also a forge and a
machine-shop, where tbey build all theirown
machinery, and make all necessary repairs.
Eight machinists arc now at work building
envelope machinery, which will produce T0O
000 dally, and which, by running day and
night, can be Increased to 1,400,000 a day
nearly treble that of any other house in the
country. At present, ncsrly 5,000 pounds of
paper arc consumed daily in the establish
ment, abont !,500 of whirhiire used for en
velooes alone The comcanv emrjIoT abont
250 hands, the majority of whom are womeiwJ
Dining ana uresslug rooms are provtdea lor
lueir accommodation, tievaiors are usea as
a means of communication between the dif
ferent stories of the bnlldlusr. and they arc
so arranged, by means of dogs that spring
into racueis id me siaes, inat any serious ac
cident from the breaking of wires is almost
impossible The collar and tag departments
contain 5100,000 worth of machinery.
Legislative Vote Axscsciatob. A num
ber of scientific gentlemen assembled re
cently to examine the working model of a
machine for recording the ayes and nays of
any large ooaies oi representatives, similar
to State Legislature or the United States
Congress. The machine, invented by Mr. A.
W. Hall, and Intended for the Fortieth
Congress, is arranged as follows: A case
about forty Inches in length by twelve in
depth and height, placed on the clerk's desk.
contains a touting case noiaing pnniea sups
of the names, of the members nd two blank
columns beaded "Ayes" and " Nays." When
the shifting case is placed in position for the
purpose of taking a vote of the House the
column of ayes Is fixed under a line of
needles; the needles are connected by wires
to the desk of each member, and when the
vote is requested in the affirmative, the mem
bers voting press a key on the side of their
desks, the wires are pulled, and the needles
in the case on the clerk's desk pierce the
slips opposite the names of snch members.
The slips, are then moved so that the nega
tive votes can be taken, and the same
needles, by a similar operation, record the
Monochromatic Light as a
Detecting Disease. Fboto-
prapuers, BjJiucixwiiwior, aou oiner
ot light, have often alluded to the
cunuu. uruu.riics ui uiuuucjuuuiaui; rate,
t.ravs of one colour. Thns.a smrlt lamil !
I 1 x-- r L, . :
burning alcohol saturted with common salt
fiven a ghastly hue to tbs features of the
ystanders. Wc read In a recent paper by a
Dutch physician, Dr G..SchIegeL, that this
property has been made use of to China for
many years as a means of distinguishing
persons effected with leprosy. The virus
can be thus detected In the blood of a
person who has been infected with this
dreadful disease only one or two days.
By ordinary daylight, it la impossible, at
this early period, to remark any difference
between the tint of his skin and that of a
person in perferthealtb; but when the faces
of both are Ihrhted up by the flame of a spirit
lamp saturated with salt, whilst the face of
tne healthy person appears deadly pale, that
of the individual affected with, leprosy
appears red as fire. It would be interesting
to ascertain whether monochromatic light
could be used In the same manner as a means
of recognising any of our Euro pen diseases.
A bill has lately been introduced Into the
House of Representatives, and referred to
Committee on Commerce, tq provide for the
greater security of life and property by .en
forcing the examination of masters and maies
In the merchant service This bill makes it
obligatory upon every vessel of more than
100 tons burden to have two officers at least,
who may be fully competent to manage her
under any circumstances: under which she
may be placed. The competency and char
acter of these officers are to be certified by a
Board of 'Examiners, which Is to consist of
an officer of the Navy, one person to be
selected by the Board of Trade and one by
the Board of Underwriters, at the port at
which the examination takes place. There
are five ports at which it is proposed to es
tablish these Boards of Registration, viz.:
Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore
and San Francisco, at which schools of in
struction for apprentices are also to be
formed, and suitable vessels famished to ex
ercise young laSort, etc
The little town ofNitici, In Massacbusetta:
probably has a greater amount of musical
talent, In proportion to its population, than
any other community in New England.
There is hardlya family that does not nave
at least one votary of music, and x bouse
without a piano is the exception rather than
the rale. Musical associations have flourish'
ed these for many sseass. The entire ora
torio eftfrc Cmtlas was lately performed
there wf ssraat eyajtk by the children of the
Science is Austbalia. At the last meet
ing oi the Royal Society of Victoria, several
Interertlng discoveries were reported. A
fossil seal has been found In the tertiary sands
of Cspe Otway, which closely resembles that
of the miocene tertiary beds near Bordeaux.
In the same sands occur tho teeth of the ex
tinct species of fish Identical with the lower
mioccuc and upper eocene formations In Eu
rope and North America, such as c hares ro
don tnegalcdon, charcarodon nugusfidens,
oivrhlnac, disori, etc
In this region Professor McCoy has also
found a vast number of new species of ex
tinct voluta, cyplcca, etc He announces a
more important discovery, that of two spe
cies of trigonia. This sets at rest a question
J cics of trigonia.
nuitu uuiuuim geologists, a no discov
ery of a new species of icthyosaurus, and of
two species of plcslosanrus, at the bead of
the Flinders Bar, establishes the fact that
there are mcsozoic formations In Australia.
Near these a new ancylocoms and a belem
ntte closely related to some belemnltcsof
the Eugllsh, French and German lower chalk,
are found. It has been ascertained that the
Buchan limestones contain fossils of the old
red sandstone epoch.
The pbyto-chemleal laboratory Is now test
ing tho value of the five native fibres as ma
terial for paper making. The " Strlogkark "
tree yields a very fair quality of pulp for
writing paper. The examination of the dif
ferent species of "grass tree" has developed
fomc Interesting facts. Many other Indigen
ous trees and plants have received attention.
The cinchona trees In tho botanical gardens
of Victoria are growing finely. The Govern
ment Is very anxious 1o acclimate, this tree,
as well as the cork and coffee trees, in the
fern-gullcys of the Colony.
Several or the gigantic Australian acalyptl,
or myrtle trees have been measured. One In
Western Australia is four hundred feet high,
and one In tho Dandenong ranges Is four hun
dred and eighty feet. The botanical work of
the Llntuen Society has reached a third vol
ume, and Dr. Mullcr has published a fifth
volume of his Fraginenta Thotographia Aut
tralit. This latter work is to bo a complete
exhibition of the Australian flora.
jErransox. A profound peace settled
upon the politics of the country after the in
auguration of Jefferson In 1S01. That great
man knew the importanco of little things.
The stately ceremonies and tedious etiquette
of the White House were Immediately laid
aside, and a republican simplicity charac
terized all the Intercourse between the Pres
ident and bis fellow citizens. A coach and
four no longer conveyed the President
through the mire of Washington. When
Mr. Jefferson bad occasion to attend at the
Capitol, he rode thither on horseback, unat
tended, and tied his horse to a post before
entering tho building. While such trifles as
these enchanted the multltudewlse men
were gratified to see the national affairs con
ducted with a dignity, wisdom and economy
which, wo truly believe, have never been
equaled In the government of any nation.
It can not be tnat Jefferson was a chimera
of the popular imagination. No man's con
duct and character have ever endured so
long and keen a scrutiny as his, and he re
tained to the last the veneration of a great
majority of the American people 8uch an
ascendency as be maintained for thirty years
over the popular mind, was not due to any
splendor of talent, or to the eclat of military
exploits; it was the honest tribute of an in
telligent people to the greatest and best of
their servants. Thomas Jefferson ruled the
United States, by hlmseir and disciples, for
twenty-four years. Indeed, wetnaysaywlth
considerable truth, that the United States
has only had four Presidents, namely: George
Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Andrew
Jackson, and Abraham Lincoln. The rest
have been satcUltes, disciples or accidents.
The London correspondent of the Amer
ican FuUUher and UookuBer, 'writing about
the inordinate multiplication of cheap maga
zines, and speaking apparently the opinions
of Paternoster row, whence he dates, gives
some statements that will unsettle many
preconceived beliefs. Many, he says, it is
certain do not pay directly, but It Is consid
ered the correct thing for publishers of any
Importance to have their own magazine,
which serves as a good advertising medium.
Take, for instance, the Comhlll, which bnt
lately had a circulation of overSO.OOO, and Is
now generally supposed to be 85,000, but In
"The Row" it is spoken of as not selling
over 13,000 copies ; Jlaemillan, supposed cir
culation 18,000, wc, In "The Row," say
about 7,500; Eelgraria, edited by Miss Brad
don, began with over 26,000, in "The Row"
we put it down at 13,500; Zorufon Society Is
increasing, anU sells over 20,000; Temple
Bar, supposed circulation 20,000, we, In "The
Row," say not over 13,000; Macirood'i Mag
azine sells about 7,500; Saint ihirf's, edited
by Anthony Trollope, our latest, and most
gromlsing in contents, began with 50,000,
nt does not now sell more than half that
number; TinAoft Magazine, containing a
story byJDr. Russell, of the Timet, does not
sell 10,000 per month, and so on.
Scientific. We (Athenanm) are Informed
that "predictive meteorology" Is likely to
be accepted as a fact by observers or natural
phenomena, and that any intelligent person
may become weatherwise by paying attention
to his thermometer, as is declared by Mr.
Brumham, in a paper read before the Mete
orological Society. Ascertain what Is the
real significance of tables of monthly mean
,,. ,A Tnn m f,.-r.h -
," VM 7. ,'..t" r .'i'.Y.hV"
r i . . -. t tv . , ,
f?r the rst 97 years, drawn upat Green ch
Observatory, brings out certain laws which
any one can test for himself, viz., that wben
the range of mean temperature in the .first
quarter of the year has been less than two
degrees, the succeeding summer has Invari
ably been very hot The period In question,
nearly a century, supplies six instances of
this phenomenon. Again, wben the means
from November to March, inclusive, are all
above the average, (except January), the suc
ceeding summer Is always above the average
Otbor lawa, which am daUllsd in tb p. per,
admit of similar application, and for the
winter as weU as for the summer; and it Is
announced as infallible that wben the mean
temperature of December is more than two
degrees above that of November, the tem
perature of the winter quarter will always
be much above the average After this, may j
nc iiu , un, lu ice a KUVOJ OI wezmcr
Abdicatiox or the EirprRcn or Brazil.
The Argentine journals state that private
letters received in' Buenos Ayres from Rio
Janeiro announce the defended abdication of
of bis Majesty, Don Pedro IL, Emperor of
BrazO. Tbey say that the Emperor recently
caned a conference of the principal per
sonages of the country, to arrange definitely
the terms of his abdication, to whom the
announced the reasons prompting him to
take that step, stating at the same time that
his resolution was irrevocable It appear
that be Is tired of toe fatigues of government,
and wui probably retire to Europe
The epigrammliU bare got to work upon
the Grant-Johnson affair, with the following
result thus far:
Then was aa old fellow aasMd Aadrtw,
Drew a Imvw snc& a. viet ifxw Baaa arVw,
Said , ars, Gnat,"
Eaid Clrwa, "I can't,''
Did ttUcood O. W. to Aadrrw.
M- Nealtox, GaribaldP famous surgeon,
hat taken a man's jaw off and pat It on again.
We suggest another patent for M. Neil ton
to try his experiment upon. HI nosae to
Train. Only, if be once succeeds in getting
the jaw 08, we pray heaven he may never
succeed in getting it on again.
Text are t vaesMet at Hsrtfcrd, with
cossidoFabie .Uiccsa, is tM sew tsetbod of
curing- boopisg eemglt by tchaMng the at
Btossfcere of a gas-fcoate. Upward of three
hundred ehiUses are aU to have beea
whoSy orpsrtiwSy reSeved by this trtatsse&t
Prevalent Covi-laist amotost SasUW.
8e(a)ntm on tho brain.
A touxo man generally gives a leek ef statr
to bis sweetheart before be Mrrst Iter.
After marriage she can help hcrsesf and we
A nmtAi. editor of this State eofttBllsBeta
a brother rural editor thus: "Mr. BrewM to
a clear thinker, a ready and Tlgoraes writer,
and a first-rate fellow ' to boot." "
"A max who'll maliciously set ire . t-s a
shed." said Mr. Slow." and barn o twoBr
cows, ought to bo kicked to death by a 4em.
key and I'd like to do It myself." Slow to
very severe sometimes.
It Is said that an Instructor ia ft schoet fer
young ladles In Berlin has ba atsstmssasl
because bo gave, as a snsjsst for csiajs;
" Sentiments and feeling at the sight of aa
officer of cavalry."
Mrs. axd Miss Srornrn Tail, of te i
aristocratic aboricinal circles, are best
it one of the palatial hotels of Cheyeswe,
and a communicative waiter oi tne estsioMsa
mcct informs the editor of a local paper last
recently they demolished sixteen pistes of
soup between them at dinner.
Ax editor In Illinois bavins: eBoseea a new
reporter, received the following as his first
effort : Wears Informed thai the gcntlcmao
boo stood on bis head under a spile driver
ior the purpose ov having a tight pair of
butrs druv on, shortly after found htaself la
Chlny, perfectly naked and without a cent In
his pocket He writes that It Is bit inten
shun of returning home by way of the Paris
Youxo America. In Boston, is ud to the
times. A chap of six years, after dancing
the German, the callon. and other fashion
able dances at one of tho halls, the other
afternoon, stepped into a crowded horse-car
and wanted to know. In a boisterous tone,
11 tuerc wasn't anyoooy gentleman cnosga
to rive his ladv. Miss Smith, a seal. Some
body was, and tho girl five years old was
lifted to a seat, from which her legs and feet
stuck out like two little pegs.
News. The word newt Is not at manv
Imagine, derived from the adjective new. In
former times (between the years 1586 and
17S0) It was a prevalent practice to put over
the periodical publications of the day the
initial letters of the compass, thus:
Importing that these papers contained intel
ligence from the four quarters of the globe:
and from this practice Is derived the tern
The late Bishop of Lichfield was oaee
traveling In a railway carriage In Ensttoasl,
when a blusterin? man exclaimed : "I slsiiht
like to meet that Bishop of LIcbBeM; I
would put a question to him that would psz
zle him I" "Very well." said a voice ot of
another corner, " now is your time, for 1 aa
tne rjisnop." ine man was rainer siaraea,
but presently recovered and sail : " Well, mj
lord, can you tell mo the way- to Heaven tn
Nothlnir easier." answered the Bishop:
" vou have onlv to turn to the right and go
From Sau Juan we passed over an easy
grade to the foot bnii bordering on the Sali
nas plains and made a pleasant camp, with
largo trees for shelter, and found plenty of
food for the horses. We built our camp-fire
and made a hearty meal, mostly of rabbit pot
pie Here let me chronicle an unfortunate
accident, which was nothing less than the
loss of onr comb and brush. We finally gave
np the search for them In despair; but what .
was our joy, alter having eaten our stew, si
last to find the articles all safe In the bottOBs1
of the camp-kettle.
Peru. The yellow fever is maklner rapid
strides In Lima, one hundred and fifty to two
hundred dying dally, and upwards of two
thousand five hundred In the hospital. Com
merce Is completely paralyzed, and tho mer
chants were about to hold a meeting to con
sider the necessity of closing their establish,
ments entirely for tho present All the
schools, public and private, theaters and
other places of resort have been doted by
order of the Government on account of the.
Ax Agricultural Ixvkxtiox. The Lon
don Spectator says that Sir Robert Napier, la
his Abyssinian expedition, compelled a loft;
African desert to yield water by an Americas
device not a twelvemonth old. " A half doz
en mules," it says, "are drawn up, loaded
with thin steel tnbes. Tap. tap. tap. roes
a hammer, rigged up In live minutes, and la
ten the curse of Africa hss been conquered;
as if a new Moses hat smitten the rock, and
pure water for an army it spouting throw!)
the rocks." This American device is the
Avery tube well, which has proved almost
the salvation of the English expedition.
A Cross-eted Observer. The Jf. T. C-
aerrer is unhappy because Mrs. Stowe, In her
JToute and Home Ibpert, recommends, as a
set-off to the attractions of placet of vicious
amusement, the establishment, under the
auspices of Christian organizations, of resorts
wnere cnesa, cnecKert, ana Diiiurds may be
played by young men, without the custom
ary detrimental surroundings. It sncerlnely
asks If "It Is supposed that there will be
checker-boards In heaven I" The secular
readers will be Impelled to the pertinent en
qulry, whether there will be any jfew Tvrje
Obterrm there t And there may be persons
who, In that event would be inclined to con
sider paradise a misnomer.
Ix Frij.ce, the laws are very strict aga4att $
persons In civil life carrying weapon. Aa
Invention has recently been made, however,'
which, while conforming to the law, it a par
tial aid as a means of defense against night
robbers. It consists of a small horn Inserted
In the end of a cane, which contains aa elec
tric balterr and a small lamp with two pow
erful reflectors. The Intensity of this light
It Is said, temporary blinds any person si
which It Is pointed. The lamp is klneHed at
-will Iiv nr.!nir A am.ll lenob at tin,
end of the stick, which communicate with
an electric wire
ARTincAt Ice bt MAcnmar. ProC P.
IL Vanderweyde, of New York, has iaveated.
an apparatus to produce Ice rapidly ami
economically, by the use of the Tcsy vols We
distillates of petroleum. The volitlle ato
terlai Is condensed Into a fluid in proper tm-
teit oy pressure, giving out iu moat Beat Mr
running water. Wben the preasare to rv
mocd it evaporlze rapidly, prodactaa; fa
tense cold, which converts water a rnaV
log the vessel into solid Ice In a few bmv
menis. a aomenic ice macsine bmj i
oe a rut qua non 01 every nouseBoia.
Wnzx the Pacific Railroad to fiatohet1, i
tour 01 tne worm can ne mace ia two 1
and a balf. From New York to t
dsco will take teres days; from 8a Fsass
clsco to Hongkong, by way of Yofcoliaaia,
twenty day; from Hosckong by ttsattsr ia
Suez, thirty-two day; from Saez to Pari,
tlx days ; from Parte to New York, tea ;
in all, seventy-five days. Tbto cut oif h
done, however, by continuous trevestag asstt
inccestful connection everywhere; 1 tse
adventurous voyager wbo soderuks ta m
compllsb the whole distance In the UaM wc
have mentioned will be pretty welt ass! a
wben be gets back to New York sgaltL.
A Good Thixo bt Athot Tsooiw.
While Anthony Trollope was rt Wiiitlawlast,
a gentleman oa horseback passed Mat ua tta
street, and. by accident the hone
ed the Zngaehauui wilt and. 71m
mas reined bp aad apolotdsed. "X
sir." ttld TroHoae : "bat I wo Id like k
quire if yoar horse baa a &. aahd W a, I
would like to name kha." "Certalary," re
sponded the gaatlsita, "yon east aaata
htm." "Thea, tie," uiiTnoff, "I sstaac
bits DmnAi." ft to otir aittttari- Utsl
that the dltitagawhed BereMsi M hwaa
present at a ttesat aoeate ta tat
Jtepns4UeC tot w bleat tws)
otmbet threw bum at
what to pwfwferry tana td a
xml | txt