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Every Wednesday Morning, AT S0.00 PER AXXVSt. Msilletl to Foreign Snbxcrllwr nt S7.UO. Office On Merchant street, west of ho Tost Office, Honolulu, II. I. Printed and published by J. JIott Smith, t tbe Government Printing Office, to whom all Lusiness communications mu,t be addressed. BUSINESS NOTICES. IV. I,. GRIXX, GENERAL COMMISSION AGENT BROKER CHRP In Fire-M-oof Balldlnn on Qaeen Street. SX JlonoUln, II. I. Or C. X. SFESCEIt. n. UACFARLAKZ CIIAS. IV. SPKACEIl fc CO., GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 24) Qneen Street. Honolulu, II. I. fly JIcCOLG-UV A; JOIISOA, MERCHANT TAILORS, 10 Fort it.. Honolulu, opposite T. C. lleuck's. Iy4 c. n. LKWERS. J. o. DICKSOX. IsEWKIES Si lICGSO, Importers, Wholesale and Retail Sealers In Lnmber aod llaildias; Material. Fort, King and 25 Merdiaut Streets, Honolulu. II. I. (Ijr4 C. K. WIMMAMS, MANUFACTURER, IMFOETEE & DEALER In Forniture of erery description. Furniture Ware- lUMHnonForttret,oproifteChase,sriJOtiaph Gallery. Wurkshopatlheoldatandon Hotel Street, rnw Fort Order from the other 41 islands promptly attended to. fly BOOT AND SHOE HAKEH, 41 King Street, nett to the lletliel. Honolulu, fly 711. T. UOXKEIaIs, CABINET MAKER AND TJPHOLSTEEEE, King Street, Honolulu, opjxvite Lesli' Cooper Hiep. 4.1) Will buy and nell sreond-liaod Fnrnltnre. fly JOHN TIBBETS. TUOS. sorexsok. 'rutitirrs & sorexso:, SHIP CABPEHTEB.S & CAULKERS At D. Foster & Co's Old Stand, jSS 7J Xe&r the Uonolnlu Iron Works. (5ni TIIEO. II. JUA.VIE.S, ILati Jasiox, GHEES 4 Ce. IMPORTER & COMMISSION MEECHANT, AXD AQEWT FOR Lloyd's and the Llrerpool Underwriters, ItrltUh and J-oreiffn Marine Insurance Co., and Northern Assurance Company. 3-ly-t ilYJIAXV MKOTIIEKS, IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS In Fashionable Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots, Show, and every variety of Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods. Snow's Building, Merchant Street, Honolnln. SMyl J. S. WALKER. S. C. ALLE.V. WAUCEIt fc AX.JL.EX, SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 19 Queen Street. Honolulu, II. I. Ily4 JU Is. TOKKE2ET. DEALER IN LUMBER AND EVERY KIND OF BUILDING MATERIAL. 13 Ornca Corner Qceen and Fcrt streets. Iy4 IIOLI.ES .V: CO., SHIP CHANDLERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Qneen Street, Honolulu. Particular attention paid to the purchase and aale of Hawaiian Produce. EETEAS XT rE&UISSJOX TO 0 L Richards a Oo, III Ilacltfeld a Co, C Brewer a Co, C L Richards a Co, D C Waterman 1, jCastle a Cooke. 2-ljJ M. BtAVlsEE, SHIPPING AND COMMISSION AGENT, Office with ArAKS a Wrtnxn, Queen Street. utrcaa sy fermissiox to Mesirs 0 L IUchards a Co, pleura Walker a Allen, Messrs C Brewer a Oo, Adams a Wilder. f41-3 IRA IIICUAKWSOIV, IMFOETEE & DEALER IN BOOTS, SHOES, And Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, curnor of Fort and Merchant Streets, Honolulu. 9-Iy4 ED1VKV JTOrVES, GROCEE AND SHIP CHANDLER, Lnlialua, 9Inui. Money and Recruits furnished to Ships on the most 10) favorable terras. fly4 ciiuims iiooiy. Commission Merchant and General Agent, Importer of Teas and other Chinese and Foreign Goods, Wholesale Dealer rn Hawaiian Produce, and Agent for the Paukaa and Amaunlu Sugar Planta tions. Fire-proof Store on Xuuanu Street, Wlow King. Sl-ly-t AFOXG &. AC1IUCK. Importers, Wholesale and Betail Dealers In General Mcrchand.be and China Goods, In the Flre-nrouf Store on Xuuanu Street, under the Public HalL 4My4 GEORGE a. HOWE, Dealer in Rodwood and Northwest Lnmber, Shingles, Boors, Sashes, Blinds, Kails, Paints, etc, 36 at his old stand on the Esplanade. fly 4 E. S. FJLAGG, CIVIL ENGINEER AND SUEVEYOE, Annaiss IW-Ofllce Box No. 22, Honolnln. 2S-Cm l A. SCIIAEl'EIt Sz CO., COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 38) Honolnln, Oahn, II. I. fijj ED. HOFFSCELAEGER & CO., IMPORTERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS 4 Honolnln, Oahn, It .L lyl A. S. CLEGUOI', WHOLESALE AND BETAIL DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE, Fire-Proof Store, corner of Qneen and Kaahnmann Streets, Honolulu. Retail Establishment on Nunann Street 4-lyl THEODORE C. IIEECU, IMPORTER & COMMISSION MEECHANT. 1 Honolnln. Oahn. II. t fly II. IIACKEEE1 & CO., GENEEAL COMMISSION AGENTS. S Queen Street, Honolulu, U. I. fly THE TOM MOORE TAVERN, BV J. O'iMELL, 25 Corner of King and Fort Streets. lyj CIIAUIVCEV C. BEIVIVETT, DEALER IK NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES, And Periodicals, Fort Street, Uonolnlu. 19-lj4 B. r. XnLEKS. A. JAEGEC. U. I EHXERS & CO., DEALERS IN SBY GOODS AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE, Fire-proof Store on Tort Street, above Odd Fellows' HalL 37-ly4 r. P. ADAMS. S. 0. WILDER. ADAMS & WIIsDER, AUCTION & COMMISSION MEE CHANTS 27 Qneen Street, Honolnln, n. J. (lyl C. S. BARTOW," AUCTIONEER, Salesroom on Qneen Street, one door from Kaahu mann Street. 17-ly4 JOHS II. PATY, Notary Public and Conmissloner of Deeds .For the State or California. O&ce at the Bank of Bishop a Cos Kaahnmann Street, Honolulu. (2-ly4 H.'A. WIDEM AiVIV, NOTARY PUBLIC, 8 Office at the Interior Department.- Iy4 AWAIIAN VOL. IV NO. 46.1 UUSINESS NOTICES. SIlJtXl! TICE. II. A. r. CASTES. C. BREWER & CO., SHIPPING AND COMMISSION' MERCHANTS, II0N01.TJI.U, II. I. AGE.YTS Or the II os toll mid' Honolulu Pnckct Line. AGKXTS For the ainkee, IVnllnku and liana Plantations. AGENTS I'or the Parcnaae and bale of lalaml Produce REFER TO Jonsr M. Hood, Esq Sew York CflAS. Barwut i Co Jae. HnrxtWElL, Eso J. C. Miami 4 Co. "I ..Boston IL 8. Swaix t Co. I. San Francisco Coas. W. Beooes, Esa ) 6-ly 711. S. WUirVIIAIJ.il Ac CO., IMPOETEBS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS In Fashionable Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, and every variety of Gentlemen's superior Furnish ing Goods. Ptore in Makce'a Block, Queen Street, Honolulu, II. I. l-ly4 jr. v. ieiu;kbi:s, IMPOP.TEK AND JlIANUFACTTJEEB. Of all klnJa of Saddlery. Carriage trimming done v Ith uatne9 and dipatcn. AH orders prompt ly attended to. Corner of Furt and Hotel 10 Street, Honolulu. lj4 r. ir. A: G. tSEGKLKIlaV, TIK, ZINC AND COPPER SMITHS, AND SHEET IEON WORKEES, Nuuanu. Street, between Merchant & Qneen. Hare constantly on hand, Stores, ripe, Oal tajlzed Iron Pipe, Plain nud Hose Bibta, Stort-cocka. India Kot4er Hose bet 3-tIr. ?l!wand Dine complete. Batb-Tulrt. and alto a rerj large aujes oi iinware or erery description, jpartienUr i4 tention giren tohfp-Vo:k. Orders from the other Iflandi will bo carefally at tended to. Thankful to the Citizeog of Honolnln and the Islands generally for their liberal patronage in the past, we hope by strict attention to buelnefs to merit the dame fur the future. 37-ly a. m. tiiOaIIpsox, GENERAL BLACKSMITH, Queen Street, Honolulu, Has constantly on hand and for sale at the Lowest Market Prices, a good assortment of the Best Kenned Bar Iron, aud the Best Blacksmith' Coal. SS-ly ' IS. RVCBOPf, HOUSE AND SHIP PITJMBEK, King St, two doors west of Castle & Cooke's. Has on hand, Bath-Tnhs, Water-Closets, Yladi-Ba-slns, Force aod Lift Tumps, Lead and Galvanized Iron Pijes, and Plumber's Brass-works. Being the only Plumber in the clty.he will execute all orders en trusted to him in a workmanlike manner. 3S-3m JXO. 50TT. SAU'L XOTT. JOII KOTT V CO., COPPEE AND TIN SMITHS, Zaahnmanu St, one door above Flitner'Sj Beg leave to Inform the pnbllc that they are pre pared to furnish all kinds of Copper Work, snch as Stills, Strike PanR, Sorghum Pans, Worms, Pump, etc Also on hand, n full assortment of Tin Ware, which we offer for tale at the Lowest Market Prices, All kind of Ilep.il ring dono with Neatness and Dispatch. Orders from the other Islands will meet with prompt attention. SS-3nt COOPER AND GAT7GEE, At the Old Stand, corner King & Bethel Sts. A Large Stock of Oil Shooks and all kind of Coop ering Materials constantly on hand. He hopes by attention to business to init a continuance of the patronAge which he has heretofore erjoyed, and for which he now returns his thanks. CS-3m HIC. J. COSTA, JEWELER AND ENGRAVER, Tort Street opposite Odd Fellows Hall, Is frcparwltodccutewith promptness, all work In his line of business, such as Watch and Clock repair ing. Manufacturing Jewelry and Engraving. S3-Cm LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT, Office on James Eobinson & Co's Wharf, Continues the business on hli old plan of settling with officers nnd seamen immediately on their ship ping at his office. Having no direct or indirect con nection with any outfitting establishment, and allow ing no debts to be collected in his office, he hopes to give as good satisiactlon In the future as he has In the past S8-5m G. IV. IVORTOX &. CO., COOPERS AND GAUGERS, At the New Stand on the Esplanade. We are prepared to attend to all work In onr line at the Shop next to the Custom House, where wo can be found at all working hours. We hare On hand and for sale. Oil Casks and Uarrels of different sizes, new and old, which we will sell at the very LoweBt Market Rate. All work done in a thorough manner and warranted to give Fatistictlon. All kinds of Coopering Materials and Tools for sale. CS-Cm PIANOS TUNED. PIAXOS and other Musical k Instruments Tuned and Renaired. bv A t fi'UAiiajLd ufciiiii, at me uanauan IS X 1 Tlieatre. Iaessons given on the Piano & Gnltar. The best of references given. 5l-ly4 VOLCANO HOUSE. CRATER OF KILAUEA, HAWAH. cT THIS ESTABL.ISIIMEXT IS Pv? now open for the reception of visitors to ZTz the Volcano House, who may rely on finding com fortable rooms, a good table, and prompt attendance. Experienced guides for the Crater always on hand. STEAM AND SULPHUR BATHS ! Horses Grained and Stabled if Desired. CHARGES It E AS OX ABLE. Parties visiting the Volcano via Hilo, can procure animals warranted to make the Journey, by D. H. HiTcncocx, Esq. 37ly NEVILLE & BARRETT, Planters & General Store Keepers KEOPDKA, SOUTH EONA, HAWAII. (Near Kcal&kekua Bnj.) Island produco bought. Ships supplied it ith Wood, Beef aod other ncessaries. Agent at Honolnln A. S. CLEcnoR.1. 11- ljr It. IV. A1IKEWS, Tort Street, opposite Odd Fellows' Hall. Gives particular attention to the repair of Fire Anns, Sewing Machines, A Locks. Drairingt of Machinery, t-c, made to Order. SO- lj4 HAWAIIAN LEATHER. Sole & Saddle Leather & Tanned Goat-Skins. A REGULAR. SOPPI.Y, FUOSI the Celebrated Wniinca Tanner-, and for sale at the Lowest Market Kates bj A. S. CLEOIIORN", 8Mm . Agent. KOSACOFFEE. I HAVE OJff IIXXD A SUPERIOR lot of Konn. Co Hoc, Selected hy Messrs. JIEV1I.LT! & BABEETT, whose fkcUities are second to none. The attention of Dealers Is requested before purchasing elsewhere. For sale in quantities to suit by 3Mm A. S. CLEOHOKN. HONOLULU, FOREIGN NOTICES- n. W. EETtXAXCX. C. E.CIAKX. SEVERANCE, CLAKK & CO., COMHISSION HEECHANTS AUS SHIPPING AGENTS. 405 Front St, corner of Clay, San Francisco, We will attend to the sale of Suar and all kind of Island Produce, alra to the purchasing and tar wardiog of 3Ifrcbandie. Cub Adrancea made on uonsignmenif. 39-cm JOBVX'CBAUy. Portland. J. C. HSKKILL, M'CRAKEIT, MEREELL & CO., FORWARDING AND COMmSSION MERCHANTS, Portland, Oregon. HTlng been engaged in our present bnalneitf for upwards of twelre years, and being located in a Fire- prooi urif k xiaiiaing, we are preparea to receive ana difixwef Island Staidec tnchan hntrar. Srrnns. Hire Pulu, Coffee, etc to adrantage. Consignments es pecially aoucueo: nr me uregon aiarKet, in wnicn pertonai anenuon wia ie paid, ana upon wtucu casn aa ranees iu ie maae wnen requirea. EErcnxscEs . Charles TV Brooks San Francisco J C jlerrill a Co Fred Iken Badger a IJndenberger. James Patrick Co. VTm X Coleman a Co " fiterens, Baker a Co ' Allen t Lewis Portland Ladda Til too Leonard a Greed l-ly4 COMMISSION MERCHANT, Kanngawa. Japan, Hatinc the bent fadlUies through an Intimate con nection with the Japanese trade for the past eipht tyears. Is prepare! to transact any businesa entrusted o iiiB care, wim oupaicn. B. B. ftlLUjUfS, H. P. BLASCQAfiD, & B. 3I0SGXX. WILLIAMS. BLANCHAKD & CO., SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS, -l 305 Front Street, San Erancisco. Cm LANGLEY, CKOWELL & CO., WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS, 32 Cor. Battery & Clay Sts, San Francisco. 6m INSURANCE NOTICES. SAX FRANCISCO BOD OF UNDERWRITERS. THE UXDERS1GXED harln been appointed Agents for the San Francisco Board ox u naerwriiers, comprising me Caliroritla Insurance Company, DIcrclLniita JIutual Marine Ins. Co., Pacific Insurance Company, California LMoyil's, and Home JUutual Insurance Company. Beg leave to Inform Mssters of Vessels and the Pub lic generally, that all Vessels and Cargoes, injured by either of the above Companies against perils of lueeeas anu oiaer nsKS, at or near tne aanawicn Islands, will hare to be verified by them. 3$-3m H. UACKFZLD k CO. CALH'ORiMA INSURANCE COMPANY, THE UJVDEIISIG1YK.O, AGKXTS of the above Company, hare been authorized to incur 6 rUU on Cargo, Kreiglit and Treas ure, by Coasters, lrom llonutula to all port of the Hawaiian Group, and vice versa, 8-ly4 U. HACKFELD 4 CO. JIERCILUVTS' MTTTlTAXai MARINE INSURANCE COLTPANY Of San Francisco. TUB UNDEUSICNED having been appointed Agents for the above Company ,are prepared toluene Policies on Cartzoes. Krclirlitst "and Treasure- WALKER A ALLEN, 3S-3m Agents, Honolulu. H.vjtaUJiEGir-itatiiiKiv FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. TUG UXDEUSIGXED having been appointed Agents of the above Company, are Ercpared to insure risks agalust Fire, on Stone and trick Buildings, and on Merchandise stored therein, on the most favorable terms. For particulars apply at the office of My4 F. A. SCHAEFEJt & CC. .T. I. lVICKE, AGENT TOR THE BREMEN BOAED OF UNDERWRITERS . All average claims against said Underwriters, oc curring In or about this Kingdom, will have to be certified before me. 7ly4 Insurance Notice. THE AGEXT FOR THE BRITISH Foreign Marine Insurance Company, (Limit ed), has received instructions to reduce the rates of Insurance between Honolulu and Torts in the Pacific, and Is now prepared to issue Policies at the Lowst Jtalut with aspeeial reduction on Freight per Steam ers. TUEO. II. DAVIFS, -tf Agent BHU Far. Mar. Int. Oo. (Limited). SUGAR & MOLASSES. 18G8 1808 aOV i o a o r ffy j. o j o HILO, II. I. Snjrar nnd Zllolasscs. CROP COMING IS AND FOU SALE IN quantities to suit purchasers, by VTALKER & ALLEN, 3S-3m Agents. ONOMEA PgAHTATIOK Sngir and MoIatii.es Crop 1808 COMING IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTI ties to suit purchasers, by WALKER & ALLEN, 3S-3m Agents PBIHCEYIILE PIAUTATIOIT. Sugar and Molasses Crop 1808 COMING IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTI ties to suit purchasers, by WALKER A ALLEN, 3S-3m Agents. WMLUKU PLANTATION. VfEW CROP NOW COMING IN. FOR X Sale in quantities to suit purchasers, by C. BREWER A CO., 38-3m Agents. MAKEE PLANTATION. IVcir Crop of Snjjar Ac Jlolassex TOW COMING IN, AND FOR SALE IN .LN quantities to suit purchasers by C. BREWER 4 CO., 3S-3m Agents. WEDNESDAY, DEOEM Gcrmnny since the lVar oflSOO, From la Berne des Deax Alondes.J Vo have seen the circumstances which, from 18C3 to 18GC, prepared the triumph of the movement towards Unity. Insur mountable obstacles seemed to render it impossible, or nt least very distant, and they have all vanished away. " Fata riant intenienlf said 3Ir. von Radowitz, in one of thosceloquent speeches in which ho attempted to sketch a plan of the 'means by which Germany might be re-constitutcd. He would havo been much astonished could ho have known the means employed by his successor to arrive at the end that he wanted to reach. But would the result have been different? Sagacious observers believe that Austria was doomed to suc cumb under the fatal understanding that was to take place between Italy and Ger many on account of their common Aspira tions towards Unity. If it had not been for the scruples expressed by the Prince Regent, the events that took place in 1866 would havo occurred in 1859. It is not, therefore, to Fate, alone, that we must at tribute what happened in Germany in 186C. It was impossible that the Germany of Luther, Kant, Lessing, and Gcethe should accept the lead of that Empire which had, nnder the crushing authority of Metternicb, stifled, for more than half a century, alt liberal attempts in Europe sacrificing everything to ultramontane pressure. It is remarkable to observe how irresistibly the institutions of tho old re gime are falling everywhere, and how ev ery exertion made to support them fails. He who follows the course of a river is certain to arrive at the seashore, despite any delay caused by his inexperience, but he who tries to go against the current, if he gets tired, or does not know how to steer straight, is pushed back or wrecked upon the rocks. Let -as condense in a few words the two preccdinsr chapters, The movement of Germany towards Unity has its source in the remembrances of the old German Em pire, and in the common tics of language manners, and aspirations. It has been prepared by literature, poetry, and the Universities. That movement has been supported by Italy on tho battle field ; fa vored by France in tho mystery of diplo matic combinations ; tolerated by Russia, and welcomed by England after its success, and has at last caused the establishment of the North German Confederation, the constitution and probable future of which will bo reviewed in tho next chapter. III. The North German Confederation was established by virtue of the treaty of Prague. In February, 1867, an assembly, named by direct universal suffrage, met in Berlin, and framed a Constitution, the principles of which are very important to bo known. It wa3 finished with wonderful rapidity, for Mr. von Bismarck had said, in his peculiar, figurative style : " Germany must be on horseback on the 18th of Au gust.'' Sho was in the desired position much before that date, although the Art icles were all voted only in the beginning of April. The German States north of the Main now form a federation whose bond is as strong as that of the Cantons of Switzer land, or of the United States of America. As in thoso Federal Republics, each coun try preserves and modifies at its will its political and civil laws, and is not subject to the central authority except in matters of common interest, justifying one supreme control, namely, the army, customs and in direct imposts, coinage, banks, weights and measures, patents and rights of authorship, commerce, the navy, mails, railways and telegraphs, penal and commercial rights, and sanitary measures. Every citizen of the Confederation enjoys in each and every State where he goes, all the rights of the natives of such State. As in the United States, tho legislative power h exercised by two Assemblies the Federal Council, (Bundesrath), representing tho different States,' and the Parliament, Reichsraih), representing the whole country. The vote of these two branches is sufficient for the creation of a law. The members of the Federal Council, 43 in number, are ap pointed by the Governments of the dif ferent States. Prussia is far from being represented in proportion to her popula tion, for she has but 17 for 25,000,000 of inhabitants, while the other States, with their population of 5,000,000, dispose of an overwhelming majority of 26 rotes. The conditions of election of members to the Lower Assembly are well calculated to frighten all but the most intrepid Dem ocrat : they are chosen by direct universal suffragej and by secret ballot. The Par liament enjoy3 the rights which the tradi tion of free countries seems to warrant a3 necesscry to the exercise of its functions. It votes the budget annually; can not bo adjourned for more than thirty days, nor dissolvedwithout new elections taking place "within two months, and every three years it is integrally renovated. No ob stacle exists to its liberty of action. It possesses an unlimited right of address, interpellation, amendment, and even initi ative, In regard to legislation. And, lastly, as an essential condition of a truly Consti GAZETTE, BER 2, 18G8. tutional system of Government, thero is at its head a responsible Minister the Federal Chancellor, (Dundeskamler). Tho executive branch belongs to tho Federal Presidency, (Bundesprcesidium), which is granted to tho Crown of Prussia. It is by this characteristic feature that tho North German Constitution differs from the Federative Republics with which it ha3 so many points of resemblance, and has a similarity to an nnited Kingdom Not that the powers of the Presidency arc exorbitant : they are, perhaps, less ex tended than thoso of the President of the American Union, but it was inevitable that they Bhould bo attributed to the hereditary Sovereign of one of tho States of the Confederation, who thus becomes 'the suzerain of all the other princc3,, reduced to the condition of high vassal. It could not be otherwise, if a Federative State was to be established, a3 Prussia insisted upon having iho predominancy. It was for this reason that the Parliament of Frankfort offered her the Imperial Crown. The President, that is to say, tho King of Prussia, represents the Confederation in its international relations : declares war, makes peace, signs the treaties, con vokes the Diet. publishes tho Federal laws, and appoints special functionaries to see that they ore everywhere executed. He also selects the Federal Chancellor; is Commander of the army nnd navy ; de termines tho composition of the corps of tho army : appoints the Conimanders-in Chief, those of tho fortresses, and the high officials of tho mail and telegraphic services. Tho army, above all, has received a strong organization. Every citizen of tho Confederation is obliged to serve as a sol dier, and can not put a substitute in his place. The duration of servico is seven years in the permanent army, of which three are to be spent in the active service and four in lhe reserve Landicehr). Un til 1871, the number of soldiers in timo of peaco is fixed at one per cent, of the pop ulation, and the different States aro bound to pay to the Federal treasury 225 thalcrs per head. After that time, tho Federal budget and the number of soldiers will bo fixed and determined by Federal legisla tion. The wholo army wears tho Prussian uniform, and is subjected to all the Prus sian regulations. Tho budget of receipts is composed of the net products of the custom-houses ; of imposts on articles of consumption, and mails; and of moneys paid by each State in proportion to its population, until some other Federal taxes have been introduced. The Constitution is, besides, open to modification, and can be altered by ordinary legislation, if the changes are ratified by two-thirds of the members of "the Federal Council. The last article is a very importaut one. It refers to the relations between the North ern Confederation and the Southern States: "They will be regulated by treaties that will be submitted to the Par liament." Tho next paragraph reads as follows: " Tho admission of the Southern States, or of one of them, into tho Con federationj can take place by a Federal decision on the proposal of the Federal President" This final stipulation is in opposition to tho general sense given to the 4th Article of the Treaty of Prague.J but ?t is to be remarked, as we shall hereafter see, that this is not at all tho interpretation admit ted in Germany. Tho importance given to the regulation of material interests is one of the particu lar and distinctive featnres of the North German Constitution, and is entirely adapted to the spirit of the times. One might be led to believe that be is reading ths statutes of an industrial company, rather than the fundamental pact of a po litical federation. Nothing is said of the rights of man, but everything relating to the consulates, custom-houses; telegraphs and railways, is analyzed to the minutest detail. It is tho customs union that has prepared the political nnion,and the North German Confederation ha3 sprung out of the Zollverein. One would think, in see ing Germany taking such a lively interest in material cares, that, tired of her long and brilliant metaphysical speculations, she descends to earth to win a high position by devoting her energies to commerce and industry. Bat she may feel at rest, for the time spent in scientific pursuits has been useful and beneficial 1 Will the new Constitution give to Ger many the internal and external security that sho has been seeking with such fever ish impatience? The defense of the ter ritory has been provided for by placing nnder the command of one individual all the forces of the States, and by yielding to the hard obligation of military service, imposed upon everyone. The internal dissensions and wars have become impos sible in the bosom of tho Confederation. All the sovereigns have been disarmed, and are, therefore, deprived of all power for eviL The people have no more fear of civil wars, caused by dynastic rivalries, for the Confederation would soon put a stop to themi But a danger is threatening from another quarter. The Constitution places in presence of each other the Fed eral President, an hereditary King imbued S6.00 PER TEAR. with idea3 of absolutism, and a Parliament elected by the most democratic system that can be conceived. If we have seen a struggle between the President of tho United States and Congress both elected by the nation is there not a conflict to be apprehended between two forces evidently belonging to two different worlds? As long as Germany believes that this situa tion of Europe is perilous, and may lead to war, she will be willing and ready to make all the sacrifices of men and money necessary for her defense; but when, through some celestial favor, peace is in sured, sho will wish to apply her resources to the pursuits or industry, and the "ques tion is whether the sovereign, who, with a single word, can send aiillion oi soldiers into the field, will consent to lessen the military expenses and bend bis will to the wishes of an assembly of Civilians armed with nothing but their rights and their eloquence. " I do not know," says the chronicler of the Temps, "n more perfidious nnd wicked devil than the dinble-coquillc (misprint). It is ho who in the printing-house slips the wrong letter into tho compositor's fingers, and makes him commit the most ridiculous, sometimes the most indecorous blunders. Not satisfied with that, he glides through the door ajar, or, if needs be, through the keyhole, into tho correcting room, and, at the right moment, puts a mist between tho proof and tho corrector's eyes, and tho disfigured word passes not to bo recalled. Never, I believe, did that horriblo diable coquiUe play wilder pranks than yesterday in a scientific paragraph in tho Temps. Four times, speaking of an astronomical phenomenon, the writer of the articlo nsed tho word nutation ; four times did tho de mon change the word nutation into nata tion. His malice was not -yet satisfied. One phraso ended thus: "These changes ought to havo more intensity, according as tho crust shall bo supposed thinner." Do you know what Domon Coquille imagined? Of tho ' solid crust ' he mado a ' celestial crust,' nnd of 'supposed' ho made 'sup ported.' Since the30 awful transformations wo havo heard nothing of our scientific contributor. AVo trust ho has not yet drowned himself, and that these liues may dissuade him from tho fatal determination which, for my part, I should perfectly un derstand." General Fun. In Wisconsin thero is a town called Oshkosh. It is regarded by the peopla of that section as a "great place for fun." And if wo admit that tho local definition of "fun" be correct, its re pute is not undeserved. It chance'd re cently that a minister fro"i another part of iho State started to go to Oshkosh. lie lad gone a few miles on his journey whe"n he was shocked by meeting a man limping along, with the blood streaming down one bidfo of hisfoco. On being ques tioned, the man said ho had been to Osh kosh " having a little fun with the boys." Two miles further on, anotlrer man wo3 met, with an arm in a sling, n bunged eye, and torn clothing. He told tho distance to Oshkosh, Baid it was a live town and that ho had been up there "having a little fun with the boys. Pondering on these facts, tho minister proceeded pensively un til he came to a man seated by the side of the road with a sprained arm and only one ear. He was washing the locality whence the other had been bitten off. The minister stopped and expressed liis sympathy. Tho man said that it was no- tning no had merely been np to Ushkosh bavins? a little fun with tho bovs. "But" said tho minister severly, "what do yoa suppose your wife will say when sho sees yon in this state?'' Tho man smiled a sardonic, and putting his hand in his pock et brought forth a pieco .of nose, a section of Ecalp, with hair attached, and a pieco of cheek bitten from his antagonist's face. and holding them up to the minister said ; " What do you suppose his wife will say wuen suescesiimi" ' l lie minister silent ly went his way, a sadder and a Eager man. JV, Y. C. A. Ge-vtlemas (to boatman! "You must I should think, cet wet. do vounot?" Art less boatman ''Te3, your honor, we docs, wcrry wet indeed ; buI'm werry dry just now, yer honor, and no mistake." Wiceed Wit. One asked a masri3trate how he did so conform himself to the pravo jnstices, hi3 brothers, when they met. wny, in laitli," said Jie, "1 nave no way dui to arinK myseu uown to tno capacity of the bench.'" A French journalist writes the follow ing geographical paragraphs: " Paris chat ters, .Uunicu drinks, Marsaille3 sings, Rome prays, Lvon3 works, Lcinzisr reads. Madrid smokes, Manchester packs. Hanover sleep3, Edinburgh dreamsj Constantinople bathes. A straxgee visiting the navy yard in Brooklyn, conversing with some seamen who had been engaged in the navy during the war, asked one of them if they had re ceived any prize money. "Och, indade, yer honor, yis, a little ; it wa3 sifted thro a ladder, and all that fell through went to the officers all that stuck to the steps wa3 lift to tho men." Lieut. Sturm, of tho Prussian army, who accompanied the English expedition in Abyssinia, has presented to King William the drinking cup nsed by .King Theodore, and which wa3 found on the bed of the Af rican monarch, half filled with rum. It is an enormous buffalo horn, the thick end of which is closed by a metal plate, form ing the bottom ; the pointed extremity is cut off, and the opening thus made is closed by a wooden stopper. This cup i3 covered with buffalo skin, and is suspended fo a leather strap. It ia entirely destitute of ornament. A FnESCH womas will lore her husband If be Is either witty or chivalrous : a German woman, if lie is constant end faithf ul; a Dutch woman. If he does not dlsturbier ease aud comfort too much; a Spanish ,woman. If be wreaks vengeance on those who Incur her dis pleasure; an Italian woman, if ho is dreamy and poetical; a Danish woman, if he thinks that her native country is the brightest and happiest on earth; a Kusslan woman, if ho dlspises all Westerners as miserable barbari ans; an English woman. If he succeeds in in gratiating himself with the Court and the aristocracy; an American woman, if he has plenty or money. , BOOK AND JOB PRINTING EST1BLISHMEKT ! THE "GAZETTE OfTICB la dow prepared to execute all orders fer u 113 vm mm, OF EVERT DESCRIPTION, WITH NEATWESS AITS' DISPATCH The iVevr Road Steamer. The advantages of drawing loads on com mon roads by steam instead of horse pow er arc, nnder certain circumstances so great, that efforts havo been frequently made during tho past few years to produce a good and practical traction engine for tins purpose. All these attempts have been to soma extent frustrated by two dif ficulties which, until recently, appeared al most insuperable. The difficulties con sist in the facts, first, that the jar caused by a rough road h so injurious to the ma chinery and wheels of the engine that they require continual repair and renewal; secondly, that if this evil be counterbalanc ed by making the locomotive of great size and weight the injury to the road be comes proportionally great, and an ob jection of a very formidable nature thus becomes established. Until the beginning of this year it seemed as though the choice must lie between carts and horses on the ooo hand, and the cost of constant repair of engines and roads on tho other. But . Mr. Thompson, a civil engineer of Edin burgh, has at last succeeded in producing an engine which, to judge from tho suc icess which has already attended some j very remarkable trials of it, prdmwes a so j lution of the difficulties. Mr. Thompson had been requested by some friends in tho Island of Java to optain for them a road j locomotive for the conveyance of sugar lrom some ot too large estates to tno port of Tourabaga. Tho result of his inquiries after such an engine was not satisfactory. All thoso which ho inspected appeared to foil in the important respects of durability and non injury to tho roads. The idea then oc curred to him of fitting stout india-rubber tires to the wheels of tho engine, and thus to overcomo the jar and injury aliko to roads aud locomotive. Tho application was but the development of a principle which Mr. Thompson has already applied to the wheels of tho platform trucks at railway stations with good results. Tho preliminary trials of the traction engine fitted with these tires were eminently suc cessful. It wa3'at onco perceived that the machinery and road became by this simple device exempt from injury, jho steamer, 03 Mr. Thompson calls it, practically runs along on a self-laid tramway of india-rubber. The Java engine wa3 of three-horso power (nominal), but tho bito of the wheels was so excellent and their smoothness and easo of motion wcro so great that it was found possible toitake somo liberties with the engine of n. very curious nature. Among other things it wn3 made to cross n field of soft grass, to run through a field covered with looso eirth to the depth of about two feet, to travel over beds of broken flint, and to. drag a hugo boiler, which weighed with its track nearly thir teen tons, up an ioclino of ono in twelve. These feats were accomplished with the greatest ease, tho locomotivo appearing to float along without any symptom of dis tress. The trials were continued for sev eral weeks with unifurm tnccess, and in tho end somo other road steamers " were in -coarse of construction. Two 'of these have recently been tried in Edinburgh and Lcith, in presence of a largo company of engin eers aud others. One of the engines is in tended for carrying coals in Derbyshire ovjr nine milea ofToad with inclines of one in twelve ; the other is designed for tho transport of coffee in Ceylon. Tho former is of ten-horse power (nominal), weight eight tons, and has india-rubber tires fif teen inches wide and five inches thick. It was built to draw weights of only fifteen tons, but the following arc among its actual performances: It was run out to a colliery twelvo miles from Edinburgh, drawing a train of four wagons, each weighing 2 tons 15 cwt. At the colliery each wagon re ceived n load Of 5i tons of coal, bo that the wholo train (including tho engine) weighed forty ton3. "With this load tho steamer looking Iiko some luggago train which had escaped from a station trav eled with perfect easo along a road having inclines of one in sixteen until it reached tho city. There it threaded its way deftly and surely between the streams of omni buses, cab3, carts, etc., which form the staple of the ordinary traffic, and which wcro more numerous than usual in conse quence of somo games which were going on, and because it was a Saturday after noon. The train sped its way satisfacto rily over long beds of broken flints, through barriers put up for road mending, down steep streets and round sharp corners, the train of ninety feet following tho engino as surelyand implicitlyos the toil of a serpent follows it3 head. In some coses the curves were so sharp and close together that the train assumed the form of a letter S. Pass ing from Junction into Bonnington road, tho angle was so acute that tho train had to double back upon itself. Lcith street has a steep and crooked descent, down which the train passed with easo ; and fi nally, the train had to pass into a Terr narrow lane and enter the gates of the works where it delivered its coab. The whole performance was a very conclusive one as far as the tractive powers of the en gine and the control of the train were concerned, incre only remains to notice the remarkable way in which the india rubber tires pas3 over obstacles without injuring them without even displacing them, and without injury to themselves. Thus a potato and a carrot which were purposely laid in the path of the engine were passed over nncrushed : bed3 of loose flints were undisturbed; nor was an in cision or permanent dent made In the tires by the sharpest stones. Profes3or Archer, in a paper which he read upon the stbject before the British Association, aptly com pares these tire3 to the cushioned feet of an elephant or camel, ani it is probable that the tirc3 would prove scarcely more destructible. The india-rubber tires have been tried over roads slippery with frost and ice and wet with complete success. inese engines promise to present some important applications. Seems; that they not only are not destructive to roads, bet even independent of thea, they may prob ably be usefully applied for agricajtaral purpurea, iiuu ii is scarcely neceesery lu point out that they may have somo impor tant military applications. Afew of these engines working up the " Col de Bala clava" might have eared many lives in the Crimean winter of 1854, and the increased weight of siege ordnance would now give to an engine of this sort an impeftasee winch it could not then have possessed. Pall MaU Gazette. As artesian well, at the County Fan, near St Low, baa reached a dejttfcef 2,700 feet more than half a mile.