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Every Wednesday Moaning', AT SO-OOTEtt ANWTJJI.l Jlallrtl to ForflRii Subscriber sit S7MO. Ofpict On Merchant street, (rest of ho Po3t Office, Tlonoluln, II. I. Printed and published by J. JIOTT Sxna, at tbe GovernmeDt Printing- Office to whom all bisinwi communications must le addressed. BUSINESS NOTICES. W. JC- CREK.-V, GENERAL COMMISSION AGEHT & BBOXZB Office In Fire-proof Handing on Queen Street, 28) Honolulu. II. I. ly G. X. BPESCZB. D. XaCrAKLlXE. CIIAS. JY. MPEACEIt & CO., GENERAL COMMISSIOH KEECHAKTS, St Qneen Street, Honolnln. H. I. ' ly MERCHANT TAILORS, 10 Fort st., llonololn, oioslte T. C. Heuck's. lja C. n. LEWEKS. J. C. DICKS05. LEWKRS ItlCKSOX, Importers, "Wholesale and Hete.il Dealers In Lumber and Bulbllac Materials. Fort, Kin? and ZJJ ilercbaut Slreeti. Honolulu, 11. 1. lyl c. v.. wiiiamm, MAHTTFACTUEEE, IMPORTER & DEALER In Furniture of every description. Furniture Win Boom on Fort Street, opposite Chase's Photograph Gallery. Workshop at the oM stand on Hotel Street, near Fort. Orders from the other 41) Islands promptly attended to. Tly W liE."V.ETT, BOOT AND SHOE MAKER, 41 King Street, neat to the Bolhel. Honolulu. Py 31. x. i)s.i;li CABINET JIAKEE AND DPHOLSTEBEE, King Street, Honolulu, oppwite Levis' Cooierbop. 41 Will bay and tell second-bend Furniture, ly JODX TIBBETS. THOS. KOREXSO!!. TIBBETS &. SOIti:SO, SHIP CARPENTERS & CATJLKERS jZj At D. Foster &Co'a Old Stand, jS" 7j Near tbe Honolnln Iron Works. (3ni XJIEO. II. OAVIKS, Lite Jinoff, Gkzix 4 Co. IMPORTER & COMMISSION MEECHANT, AND AQEXT f0& Lloyd's and tbe Liverpool Underwriters, llrltish and Foreign MarlDC Insurance Co., and Northern Assurance ComjAny. 3-lyt HVMAIV imOTIIEKS, IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS In Fashionable Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, and every variety of Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods. Snow's Uailding. Merchant Street, Honolulu. 60-Ivl J. 8. WALKER. S. C. ALLZX. WALKER fc AI.I.E.-V, SHIPPINO & COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 1 Queen Street, Honolnln, H. I. tly la. jU XOKIIEItX. DEALER IN LUMBER AND EVERY KIND OF BUILDING MATERIAL. 13 -Owes Corner Queen and Fort streets. lvl ItOLLES &. CO., SHIP CHANDLERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Queen Street, Honolulu. Particular attention paid to toe pure nave ana sals ol Hawaiian l'roauce. airCES ET KRMMS105 TO OLltlchardnCo, III Hackfelda Co, C Jlrewer a Oo. C L Kichards a Co. D.C Waterman Esq, CaatIe a Cooke. My M. UAPL.EE, SHIPPINO AND COMMISSION AGENT, Office with Asuts a Wiides, Queen Street. sxrtu av raauissiox to r r. r T. : . i i . . 1 1 . , .. Messrs C Brewer a Co, Adams a Wilder. I J 1-3 IKA RICHARDSON', IMPORTER tc DEALER IN BOOTS, SHOES, And Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, corner of Fort and Merchant Streets, Honolulu. V-lyt Emvirv jrorvEs, GROCER AND SHIP CHANDLER, a.alialnn, Maul Money and Recruits furnished to Ships on the most 10 favorable terms. Jlyl CIIUitG HO OX, Commission Merchant and General Agent, Importer of Teas and other Chinese and Foreign Goods, Wholesale Dealer in Hawaiian Produce, and Agent for the Paukaa and Amauulu Sugar Planta tions. Fire-proof Store on Nuuanu Street, below King. 21-lyt AI'O.XS &. AClIUCXf. Importers) Wholesale and Retail Dealers In General Merchandise and China Goods, in the Flrc-proof Store on Xuuauu Street, under the PubUc Hall. 43-lyt GEORGE G. HOWE, Dealer in Redwood and Northwest lumber, Shingles, Doors, Sashes, Blinds, Nails, Paints, etc., 36 at his old stand on the Esplanade. lyi E. S. FLAGG, CIVIL ENGINEER AND SURVEYOR, AEWms Post-Ogke Box No. 2, Honolulu. 2&4in I A. SCHAEFEIC fc CO., COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Honolulu, Oahu, II. I. . ED. HOFFSCHLAEQEE & CO., IMPORTERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS 41 Honolulu, Oahu, II. I. fty4 A. S. CIaEGHOR.IV, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE, Fire-Proof Store, comer of Queen and-Ivaahnmann Streets, Honolulu. Ketall stabllshment on Nuuanu Street. 4-ly4 THEODORE C. HEUCH, IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT. I llonoluln, Oahn. II. I. ' Py H. HACKrEIaU tc CO., GENERAL COMMISSION AGENTS. ' '8 Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I. Py THE TOM MOOEE TAVEEN, I1V J. O'aVIElX,, - to Corner of King and Fort Streets. Iy4 . CHAU1CEY C. BESSETT, ; DEALER IN NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES, And Periodicals, rort Street, Honolulu. P9-lj4 B. T. EDLERS. A. JAEGER. J- - B. F. EDXERS & CO., DEALERS IN DRY GOODS AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE, lira-proof Star on Fart Street, above Odd Fellows' Hail. 37-ljf E-T. ADAXS. 8. O WILDER ADAMS fc WILDER, AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANTS ' 87 Queen Street, Honolnln, H. I. Pyt C. S. BARTOW, AU CTIONEER, Salesroem on Queen Street, one door from Kaahu maan Street. ll-ly4 jonrv H. PATT, Notary Public and Commissioner of Deeds ' For the Etata of California. Omca at the Bank of Bishop a Co., Kaahnmann Street, Honolulu. IS-lyt - M. A. WIDEXA5, NOTARY PUBLIC, Office at tb Interior Department. Pj HAWAIIAN VOL. IY NO. 47. .BUSINESS NOTICES. Hxutax rzcE. h. a. r. caetee. C. KREWER at CO., SHIPPING AND COMMISSION' MERCHANTS, HONOLULU, II. I. AGE.VTS Of tlie O os toil and Honolnln Packet IVlnc. AGENTS For the llal.ee, "tVaUuEu and liana Plantations. ACKXTS For- tlie Pnrenaae and Sale of Island Produce. REFER TO Jwta- M. Hoop, Esq ...New York Cms. Bctwu Co 1 Tb.,nn Jas. HcsnrwEU, Esq j. v. uniiutco. II. S. SWA1 a- Co. San Francisco Chi. W. Baoois, e-o. J 31. S. GKirVBAXTltl & CO., IHFOETERS AND WHOLESALE DEALEES In Ftuhionatile Cloth log. UaU, Cap, Boti, Shoes and every TarJetj of Gentlemtn'r inperlor xurnlsb Jafr Goods. More in 31akeei Block, Qaeen tret. Honolulu II. L 10-lj4 T. P. HUGHES, IMPOETEE AND MANUFACTUEEE Of all ltiodf of Saddlerr. Carriage trimming done wltb neathees and dLopatch. All orden proinpt- ly attended to. Corner of Fort and Hotel 10 Streets, llonololn. jlji I EI. A: G. HEGULKEIV, TIU, ZINC AND COPPEE SMITHS, AND SHEET IE ON WOEKEES. Kuuann Street, between Merchant & Queen. HaTeconstantlyonliand, Etores, Pipe, Oal ftgv Tanlzed Iron Pfpc, I'laln and II Me BibU, P!'' top-cocki, India Kobber Hose LeetS-ply, Qr-tt, 'n Ingthj of 25 and 0 feet, with coupling and pipe Complete, Butb-Tuha, and alw a yery Urge stock of Tinware cf erery description. l'articular attention given toSltlp-AVotk. Orders from tlie other Xslandf will be carefolly attended to. Tbaukfnl to the Ci Ureal of Honolnln and tbe Jslandi generally for their liberal patronage In tbe patt, we hope by strict attention to buslne to merit tbe Mnie for the future. 37-ly a. ir. xiio3iiso, GENERAL BLACKSMITH, Queen Street, Honolnln, Has constantly on band and for sale at tbe Lowest Market Prices, a gnod a8ortmentf)f the Best Itefined liar Iron, and the Best Blacksmith's Coal. SS-ly R. RYCROJPX, HOUSE AND SHIP PIUMBEE, Xing; St, two doors west of Castle & Cooke's. Has on hand, Bath-Tubs, Water-Closete. Wash-Basins, Force and Lift Pumps,' Lead and Galvanized Iron Pipes, and Plumber's Brass-works. Being the onlj Plumber In tbedtr, he will execute all orders en trusted to him In a workmanlike manner. f3S-3m JSO. M0TT. SAM'L HOTT. JOII--V IVOTX afc CO., COPPER AND TIN SMITHS, Kaahnmann St, one door above Flitner's, Beg leave to Inform the public that they are pre pared to famish all kinds of Copper Work, such as fc tills, Strike Pans, Sorghum Pans, Worms, Pnmps, etc Also on haod. a fall asiKirtmentor Tin Ware, which we offer for sale at the Lowest Marktt Prices. All kinds of Kepairlng done with Neat neii and Dispatch. Orders from .the other Islands will meet with prompt attention. 3S-3m ja:ui;s t,. LEWIS, COOPEB AND GAUGES, At the Old Stan4, corner King & Bethel Sts. A Large Stock of Oil ShooVs and all kinds of Coop ering Materials constantly on hand. He hopes by attention to business to merit a continuance of the patronage which he has heretofore enjoyed, and fur which he now returns his thanks. 3Stm 3IR. JT. COSTA, JEWELER AND ENGEA.VEH, Fort Street, opposite Odd Fellows' Hall, Is prepared toexecnte with promptness, all work. in his line of business, such as Watch and Clock-repairing, 3Iaoufacturing Jewelry and Engraving. 3S-Cra GsCOICf.E lVII,I,IAJXg, LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT, Office on Jamei Eobinson & Co'a "Wharf, Continues the business on his old plan of settling with officers and seamen Immediately on their ship ping at his office. Having no direct or Indirect con nection with any outfitting establishment, and allow lag no debts to be collected In bis office, he hopes to give A4 good satistactloa In the future as he has in tbe post. &-3m c w ivonTorv & CO., COOPEBS AND GAUGEES, At the ITew Stand on the Esplanade. We are prepared to attend to all work In our line at the Shop next to the Custom House, where we can be found at all work in tr boars. We bare on band and for sale. Oil Casks and Barrels of different sizes.H new and old, which we will sell at the very Lowest Market Rates. AU work done In a thorough manner and warranted to give satisfaction. All kinds of Coopering Materials and Tools fur sale. 2S-3m PIANOS TUNED. PIANOS and other Musical icafi Instruments Tuned and Repaired, by yyjCHARLES DERBY, at the Hawaiian Lessons given on the Piano &, Guitar. The best of references given. 5l-ly 1 VOLCANO HOUSE, CEATEE OF K1XAPEA, HAWAII. ffij THIS ESTABLISHMENT IS M2 ts now ojien for the reception of visitors to 2jf the Volcano House, who tuav xely on finding- com fortable rooms, a guod table, and prompt attendance. Experienced guides for the Crater always on hand. STEAM AND SULPHITE BATHS ! Horses Grained and Stabled if Desired. CHARGES REASONABLE, rarties TisitlnB the Volcano- via Ililo, can procure animals warranted to make the journey by D. II. Hitchcock. Esq. 37-ly NEVILLE & BARRETT, Planters & General Store Keepers EJEOPUKA, SOUTH KONA, HAWAII. (Kexr Keslakekna Bay.) Island produce bought. Ships supplied with Wood, Beef aod other ncessaries. Agent at Honolulu.. ........A. S. CixGnoiui. 11- ly It. "V. AIVimiTiVS, Tort Street, opposite Odd Fellows' Hall. Gives particular attention to the repair of Fire Arms, Sewing Machines, A Locks. Drammgt of Maclincry, -c, made to Order. 50- ly4 HAWAIIAIY LEATHEB. Sola & Saddle Leather & Tanned Goat-Skins. A REGULAR SCPPLY, FKOH the Celebrated Wtilmea Tannery, and for sale at the Lowest Uarket lutes by A. S. CLEG HORN, 88-3m Agent. KOIYA COFFEE. In AVE Lot of OS HAND A SUPERIOR Konn CotTeo. Selected by Kessrs. JIUVII.T.T: & BAEEETT, whose facilities are second to none. The attention of Bealers is reoutsted before purchaslngTelsewhere. For sal. u quastltiea to salt by a. a. CLianoES. HONOLULU, FOREIGN NOTICES. B. W. SanXASCE. C X. CIA1E. SEVEHANCE, CIAEK & CO., COMMISSION MERCHANTS AND SHIPPING AGENTS, 405 Front St, corner of Clay, San Franclico. We will attend to tbe sale of Eoear and all kinds of Island Produce, also to the purchasing and for warding of Merchandise. Cash Advances made on Consignments. OS-Cm JOBS K'CXAEEX, Portland. J. C. XEEEOI, S.F.Cal- H'CRAKEJT, MEBEHL & CO., TOBWABDING AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Portland, Oregon. Having been engaged In oar present business for upwards of twelve jears, and befDg located In a Fire- pnaf Brick Bniiding. we are prepared to receive and I utnpose x jBiauu tuples, men as ugar, tyrups, nice, Pulu. Coffee, etc. to adrantaze. Conslimments es pecially solicited for tbe Oregon Market, t which personal attention will be paid, and upon which rath ZZTZXZSCZM Charles W Brooks San Francisco j u aiemu uo Fred Iken M ' Badger a Lindenberger James Patrick a Co..... Vm T Coleman t Co Stevens, Baker a Co " Allen Lewis Portland LaddaTJIton b " Leonard a Green l-ly4 E. M. VA1V RKIsD, COMMISSION MERCHANT, Kanagawa. Japan, Having the best facilities tbrouzh an Intimate con. nectlon with the Japanete trade for the past eight trears, is preparer, to transact any business entrusted h. i. winujta, h. r. blaschisd, c. b. jioaoia. WILLIAHS. BIAKCHAED & CO., BHIPPING & COMMISSION MEE CHANTS, si 305 Front Street, San Francisco. 6m IANGLEY, CEOWELL & CO., WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS, 32 Cor. Batter? & Clay Sts, San Francisco. INSURANCE NOTICES. SAW FKAWCISCO BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS, TUG UNDERSIGNED having been appointed Agents fur tbe San Francisco Board ox underwriters, comprising tue California Insurance Company. SXerchantU1 Jtlutnal Slailnc Ini. Co.. Pacific Insurance Company. California Lloyd'a, and Home Slutuol Insurance Company. Beg leave to inform Masters of Vessels and the Pub lic general It. that all Tessels and Canroes. insured by either of the above Companies against perils of iue se ana oiner ri&Ks, at or near me canawicn lsianas, wui care to De venneo ny tnem. SS-Cm IK HACKFELD L CO. CALirOKaMA INSURANCE COMPANY. finilE UNDERSIGNED, AGENTS of ja ine aoove uompany, nave been antnonzed to Insure risks on C-izo. Prclirht tinri Trem. ure, by Coaster, J rum Uonulaln to all ports of iue iiawuitui uroup, ana vice versa. 8-ly4 U. HACKFELD i CO. MEUCIIATVXS' MlITDAIi MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY Of San Francisco. THE UNDERSIGNED having Tjeen appointed Aecnts fur the above Conmanr .are prepared to ii-ue Policies on Cargoes, Freights and Treasure. WALKER k ALLEN". 3S-3m Agents, Honolulu. IIA31BURGII-IIIEEMEIV FIEE INSURANCE COMPANY. prepared to in.ure risks azaii Brick Bnlldtns-a, and on Merchandise stored therein, on the most favorable terms. For particulars apply at the office of S-lyl F. A. SCHAEFEIl t CC. jr. . iticke, AGENT FOB THE BREMEN BOAED OF UNDER WB ITERS. All average claims against said Underwriters, oc curring in or about this Kingdom, will have to be certified before me. 7-ly4 Insurance Notice. THE AGENT FOR THE BRITISH Foreign Marine Insurance Company, (Limit ed), has received instructions to reduce the rates of Insurance between Honolnln and Ports In the Pacific, and is now prepared to issue Policies -at the Ltncest Rata, with .special reduction on Freight perteam ers. THEO. II. DATIFS. 43-tf Jgent Bril. Far. Mar. Int. Co. (Limited). SUGAll & MOLASSES. 1808 1868 IIII.O, II. I. Sngrar and Molasses. CROP COMING IN AND FOR SALE IN quantities to suit purchasers, bv WALKER 4 ALLEN, 3S-3m Agents. ONOMEA PLANTATION. Susrnr anil 3Iolasscs Crop 1S6S COMING IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTI ties to suit purchasers, by WALKER & ALLEN, 3S-3m Agents. PEINCEVIIIE PLANTATION. Sugar and Molasses Crop 1S68 COMING IN, FOR BALE IN QUANTI tles to suit purchasers, by . WALKER & ALLEN, 3S-3m - " Agents. WA1XUKTJ PLANTATION. VTEW- CROP NOW COMING IN. FOR IN Sale in quantities to suit purchasers, by C. BREWER & CO., 3S-3m Agents. MAKEE PLANTATION. lYctr Crop or Sugar & Ulolassen VTOW COMING IN, AND FOB BALE IN LN quantities to suit purchasers by 0. BREWER & CO., 3S-3m Agents. fc us, WEDNESDAY, DECEM Germany since tlie War of 1SCO From la Revue des Deux Maudes. There is one featnre of tbe German Constitution which is worthy, of the at tention of all Governments having demo cratic institutions : tbe Parliament of the North German Confederation has but 297 deputies. In the United States, tbe nam ber of Representatives is still smaller, and legislators have taken great care that that number should not augment in proportion to the increase of population. This meas ure is founded upon a thorough knowledge and experience of the conditions under which an Assembly has the best chance of creditably and effectually accomplish!!) its duties. In a very largo gathering of men, a man of great eminence and talents is under a disadvantage, and will not be listened to with patience if his voice is not powerful; while an orator naturally endowed with a stentorian voice and vig orous lungs, may deliver at full length common-place discourse, thereby establish ing the superiority of physical strength over intellectual power. A numeious as sembly' always has the instincts of a crowded multitude, and is liable, to impul sive and sudden impressions. The language of passion sometimes generous and pure, sometimes disorderly and blind has more effect upon them, and they sooner arrive at extreme conclusions, each impulse be ing enhanced in direct ratio to tbe number of those who share it. -Pathetic and flowery speeches more the soul and prema turely carry conviction with them, while simple, common sense, cold and sedate reason, exercises but a moderate authority. Doubtless there are moments' when enthu siasm is to be awakened, and heroism aroused, because great things are only ac complished by strong passions, but tbis must be done, in proper season, through the press, and mas3 meetings, and not by sovereign assemblies, because, though sometimes obtained through enthusiasm, Liberty is practiced and preserved only through dispassionate wisdom. In France, it has often been thought that the interests of the people would be better promoted by a large Assembly, and those of despotism by a small one. This is an error ; and in the most democratic country we know of, they have always thought the very reverse. At the time of election in America, the people enjoy tbe most unbounded right of voting; but when lhe election is over, the representa tives are under such a restraint as enables them to listen to the voice of reason. This Is one of the causes why the Amer ican Congress although partly composed of passionato men, and notwithstanding tbe violent scenes by which it is sometimes troubled generally adopts wise measures, and arrives, after the most stormy debates, at transactions suggestive of a true spirit of moderation. Hut if, in an assembly of 900 members, a question is raised likely to excite tho passions of parties, the explosion of wrathful interpellations, the thundering noise of discussions, aro sure to prevent mutual understanding, and to stop the whole parliamentary sys tem. Let the people reign in the Comilia, but let the voice of reason be heard in Parliament. It is certainly desirable that all shades of opinion be represented in Parliament, and that they may have a chance of showing themselves in the broad daylight of public discussion, so that all the ideas fermenting in tho country bo known and discussed ; but a party, and the nation itself, will be more benefitted if every opinion can be expressed and advo cated by those who can do it the most ably and efficiently, instead of being sup ported by a crowd of undisciplined, impa tient and boisterous orators. In short the prompt transaction of business, the triumph of the language of common sense over that of passion, the good order and discipline of the Assembly, and the in terests of the nation all these considera tions make it a law that tbe number of Representatives should be very limited, notwithstanding the incrbased number of electors, in" all countries where the parlia mentary system has been established on a democratic basis. rv. What are the parties now contending in the North German Confederation ? Par ties spring from a certain "political situa tion, and last as long as that situation is unaltered, but when it is modified, the parties dissolve themselves to assume new forms, in harmony with new principles. An illustration of this we have witnessed in Germany. As long as the King of Prussia wonld not recognize the constitu tional right of the Assembly to vote the military budget, the opposition party wa3 formidable. At eah dissolution it was constantly growing stronger, and Mr. von Bismarck !s partisans were reduced to a very small minority. But as soon as William I. evinced an intention of becom ing what his brother had vainly promised to be "the German King" then, as everybody wanted IJnity, almost all his ancient adversaries rallied around him. The reconciliation was sealed by the pass age of a bill of indemnity which Ir. von Bismarck condescended to ask from the Assembly after thelmtUe of Sadowa. At GAZETTE, BER 9, 1868. present, the North German Parliament is composed of three parties : the Progres sives, the Conservatives, and the National Liberals. The Progressive party, which had com prehended ell but thirty-five-of the mem bers of the Prussian Chamber, is now the least important of all. Its name does not explain the end sought, because it is de rived from a situation that is entirely changed. It represents the absolute op position, and comprises those who have refused to vote the Federal Constitution, some Republicans, and some who believe that Mr. von Bismarck, the unification be ing accomplished, will suppress all consti tutional guarantees, to establish in their place a military despotism. Tbe Conservatives think that too dan gerous concessions have been made to the democratic party, which It will bo difficult to recall. They are, however in a most abnormal position the King and Mr. von .Bismarck, their natural leaders, being the authors of those institutions which they condemn, and favoriaz the movement which inspires them with apprehension. The National-Liberals want to enjoy, nt the same time, Unity and Liberty, which they hold as being inseparable, as the one must finally lead to the other. They ac cept the Federal Constitution, not as be ing the best that can be conceived, but as answering to present needs, and, as Mr. von Forckenbeck said to his electors, " because it must lead to German Unity t and because a liberal legislation in social economy will insure the material and intel lectual prosperity of 30,000,000 of Ger mans." This party supports the Govern ment, is the most numerous, and is daily increasing. A fraction of tho Progressives, and a group of tho Liberal-Conservatives, have recently joined it. A frank understanding exists between the Parliament and the Federal Chancel lor, Mr. von Bismarck, because, they feel that they can not do without each other's assistance. The only point in which there seems to be any difference is that concern ing Southern Germany, which the Assem bly is more .readily disposed to receive into the Confederation than tho Minister; but this is a mere shade of opinion. On all other matters the accord is perfect. The Government does not propose any thing that is not voted at once by th Assembly ; and no amendment is presented by the Assembly which is not accepted by the Government. Business is transacted with marvelous rapidity, and every day one vjf those very useful commercial laws announced by the King in his Speech at the opening of the Assembly, is sanc tioned by Parliament. The explanation ofthi3 mutual agreement of views and opinions is very simple: they have tho same fears, the samo ambition, and the same desires. When a ship is in the mid: die of a narrow passage, and surrounded by dangerous breakers, tbe crew aro al ways ready to obey the pilot's orders. But the great peril menacing the free institutions resides in the infatuation of military absolutism on the part of tho sovereign and nobility. The present King of Prussia will probably never con sent to yield, in an important and essen tial point, to the will of an Assembly,nnd he will never understand that the majority of Parliament can be stronger than a royal prerogative. What he wants is what the feudal party wants, that is, personal gov ernment disguised under a constitutional form. He accepts the idea of a Parlia ment, but the parliamentary system is odious to him. He allows Deputies to stand at his side in one of his palace salons, provided that they act a3 polite guests, who do not permit themselves to contradict the magnanimous sovereign who condescends to receive them, and to ask for their opinion. He. feels for his crown a kind of religions awe. He fancies that Prussia has grown under the especial pro tection of Providence, and that God has a great mission for her to accomplish. He claims, in the secular order, the same priv ileges that belong to the Pope in the spir itual sphere. However, it is difficult to believe that the superstitious adoration of absolute power can be long maintained .when we see the Kings themselves uproot ing everywhere the oldest dynastic trees, and scattering on the ground princely and ducal crowns, like the dried leaves of a forest swept along by autumn winds! Per sonal government will certainly cease to exist, because it is not in accordance with the economical conditions of modern so ciety. Tbe agricultural nations of the olden time3 could subsist even nnder the sway of absolute and bellicose sovereigns, because the destructive evils of war were limited to the countries -where it was rag ing, but the industrial nations of the pres ent age want security as an essential con dition, because-, without it, enterprises of industry come to a dead-stop, which leads to the misery and poverty of the working classes. The idea that the caprice of one man is sufficient to precipitate a whole nation into a long and disastrous contest, which they must pay for with their blood and their riches, may have been thought natural in former times, but has bow be come intolerable. The triumph of the Parliamentary regime'Usure and iufelliHe, 6.00 PER YEAR. ; for a wealthy and enlightened nation will not long Bubmit to see her destiny decided 1 without her consent. The attempt to es tablish despotism has always ended fatally for those implicated in it. In England, Charles I. paid for it with his life, and James II.,. with tho loss of his throne ; while in France it has been the cause of tbe ruin of two dynasties. Speech of Secretary Seward. On tbe evening of Oct. 31, Secretary Sew ard addressed one of the largest audiences ever assembled In tbe city ot Auburn, N. T. He was introduced to tlie audience by tbe Rev. Dr. lluwler, and received with unbound ed applause. When order was restored, he delivered an address, of which the following is the most important portion: After a lensrtuy review of the situation down to the assassination of Presldeut Lin coln, he spoke of President Johnson as hav ing adopted bis predecessor's plan of recon ciliation, wuicu seemeu iu uiu, as u seenicu then to tbe whole country, to be practicable and easy, because It was simple and natural. Tbe people of tbe South were invited to es tablish such necessary State Governments upon a basis ofloyalty and fidelity, of which practical tests were promised. First, the ac ceptance of the new amendment of the Con stitution which abolished slavery; second, the repudiation of the rebel debt; third, tbe abrogation of all rebel laws; and fourth, tbe acceptance of tbe so-called "iron-clad" oatb. All other questions were passed over for further and future action. Loyal State Gov ernments were promptly formed, and loyal Senators and Representatives appeared at the doors of CoDgress knocking for admission. Then, and not till then, was peace proclaim ed. It was not correct that President John son mado these State Governments, or caused them-to be made by force or Intimidation. The Union arms lingered Indeed in the rebel States, to keep the peace during the transi tion from civil war, bnt tbe popular action there was spontaneous, and the Executives confined themselves to the forms of sugges tion and advice, of which President Lincoln had already set an example. The new con stitutions were, the best obtainable at the time, without a direct application of force. They were adequate to the emergency, and open like all "similar constitutions to further revision and improvement with the lapse of lime, ana increase oi popular itnowieage and virtue In the several States. Cougress hesi tated and debated and postponed. The rebel States were no longer In the rebellion. They were not recalled into tbe Union. Tbe peo- S- le, North as well as South, wero 'excited, ew schemes were proposed. There was po longer me union party, wuicu nan conuue tcd tbe couutry through the fiercest civil war ever known, but that party was seen resolv ing Itself in an untimely hour Into the .divis ions, of tbe Republican aud Democratic par ties. An advanced section of one party de manded new and further guarantees, and en tertained propositions of confiscation, dis franchisement and other penalties of recon struction. A reactionary section of tbe oth er Insisted that all tbe delajs wero not only hazardous, but that all conditions whatever were unnecessary, unreasonable and uncon stitutional. One party insisted that thero could be no safe peace without Immediately extendingsuQrage to tho freedmen, by means no matter bow rash, unconstitutional or vio lent. What did all tbis Indicate but a con troversy about the constitutions to be form ed iu tbe South American States What did imperial Intervention In St. Domingo or "Mexico mean, but a demand for such a con stitution mere as sliould bo acceptable to France. Tbe other insisted that a proceed ing so abrupt, so violent, so Inconsistent with tbe provisions of the Constitution of the United States in regard to "tbe conserva tism of State rights and individual freedom, would inevitably Inaugurate a war of races. It Is not my purpose to review, or even trace, that long and angrv debate. We nil see bo'w it has resulted. Thus far all tbe .Representatives sent to Congress by tlie re- oeiuous oiaics in iooo, nave Deen rejected, without reirard to their annliflrntlnna nr Irw. alty. All the loyal State Governments form ed in 1S63 have been abrogated without re gard to their loyalty. With the exercise of the military force, subaltern, officers have been placed by Congress In charge of the several States. Congress has enfranchised and disfranchised in those States just as seemed best calculated to insure the accept ance of tbe constitutions prescribed by itself. iuc a-resiueni, mill a tenacity mat nas provoked tbe Scrutiny of the nation, and challenged tbe judgment of maukind, has held Tast to two things, viz., the wise and hninane plan of his predecessor, and what Is infinitely more important, tbe Constitntion ...v wua.u JUS, AS U IUU11U UWfcll For this adherence, lie has been brought up for Impeachment In the constitutional form for pretended high crimes and misdemean ors, and duly acqnitted. The nation has thus been called to sustain tbe new shock of a political assassination of Its chosen and beloved bead, and encounter altcrward the wild and reckless proceeding or inconsiderate leaders, such as kept Mexico in a condition of anarchy through a period of forty years, and which has left hardly any stable, or even a peaceful republic remaining in South America. Tbe last of tho States organized in this constitutional manner, sent representatives to Congress, and they have been admitted, while all tbe State Govern ments, through whose machinery those rep resentatives were sent, or nearly all, are in voking the Congress of the United States to suspend the habcat corpus, to establish mar tial law, to assume and to confide to the mil itary agents tbe entire business of tbe Gov ernment growing out of all the alarms and fears of a renewed insurrection and rebellion, and the restoration of slavery. it is not my purpose to vindicate or ex plain the part I myself have had In these transactions and debates, Instructive as they will prove to future ages. I slmnlv bsv. as I stood by tbe wise and magnanimous policy of President Lincoln, I have adhered to tbe same policy since his mortal remains were committed to an untimely grave; and I have adhered with equal fidelity to bis Constitu tional successor. So" much, my friends, for the past. What now to tbe present situa tion t We have heard for three years alarms of premature reconciliation, tbe advantages of procrastination, tbo dangers of reaction and armed rebellion. At last tbe cry is fran tically uttered by all parties, "Peace I peace I let us have peace," (loud applause) when there Is no peace In tbe sense implied, bnt only forebodings of renewed war. Whit does tbe country need In view of the nalcful situation I I answer my own question. It needs just what it needed In 1865, tbe ad mission of loval representatives from tbe late rebel Slates Into the Congress of the United stales, and it needs at this time, aod at our hands, no more. When yon have given to tbe Southern States tbe placet in Congress, where they will iave a Constitutional bear ing, tbe people then will acquiesce In what Congress may require, and tbelr mouths will be closed on all constitutional topics that have produced agitation and excitement. Tbe States which send these representatives must hare loyal representative Governments to determine who and wbat party, what In terest or what faction shall enjoy tbe power or discharge tbe responsibilities of the Got-, eminent. There we must Indeed, keep peace for them, if they cannot keep It We must therefore, support and maintain existing gov ernmenta to that end. But it belongs to the people of those States, just as much as it be longs to tbe people of tbis State," to say whether they shall live nnder one form of IOyal Republican Government or another; nnder one administration of loyal Republi can Government or nnder, another. I do obt ask or require that the Representatives here, or the- Governors there, shall be white, or black, or mixed. I Insist only that they shall be representative men. freely chosen In these State by the people thessel vest, ted ."sot by ! BOOK AJND JOB PRINTING ESTABUSHQEKT ! inE "GAZETTE OITICK la novr prepared to execute all orders fur Ml ill NICY F11ITDK. of evert DseeiuiTie", WITH JTEATITBOU AND DISFATCH outside .compulsion or dictation. I do. In deed, know that the best form of Republi can Government existing In Any of the States is capable of amendment. I am sure It will hereafter be greatly amended. Being no Conservative, In the narrow meaning of that word, I not only do not op pose, but I favor all such amendments, and accept bnt one limitation for my efforts In that direction that Is, tbe Constitution of the United States, which, enjoins non-intervention upon me so long as those States are loyal to tbe Union, and keep the public peace, tbelr own peace and tbe peace of the Union. I shall not, therefore, take the sword Into my hand, nor put It Into the hand of an other person ta etfect a reform bv force In those States, which I am sure will be effected much sooner and much more permanently through the exercise of persuasion and rea son. As little do I think It my duty to use the sword to undo and remove what has al ready been done in those States applause whether It was necessarily done or unneces sarily and unwisely done. As I thought the situation, which existed In 1S65, ought to be accepted by a reasonable, patriotic and humane administration, so do I think now the situation which exists In 1SB9, after the best efforts, which have been made to secure a better, ought to be accepted. I am not without hope, my friends, that this painful national dilemma may be solved before the end of tbe present administration. The am bitions of Dartlet and chiefs must come to a rest with the close of this election; and calmness and tranquility must sooner oriater resume their sway over the public mind. In that case I shall have little desire to speak concerning the future administration of tbe Government, content to have performed with singleness of purpose, and with all my abili ties, my amies, unaer tue aaministrauon, with which I am nersonallT connected- Itis on tho other baud possible that the dilemma of reconciliation may continue unsolved, and require tbe attention of the new administra tion. It Is In this respect that I deem tbe choice of a future Chief Magistate, not mere ly Important, but critically so, as the last two choices were so. One consideration alone is sufficient to determine my Judgment In tbis emergency. I caunot forget that tbe civil war has closed with two great political achievmenta the one, the saving the Integ rity ot me union; ine otucr, tne aooiiucn oi African slavery. Personally, I see no cause to fear, in any case, a reaction in wnicu coin or either of these great attainments can be lost Tbey are in harmony with tbe spirit of the age and the established progress of man kind. New confidence, however, in this re spect, is not Indulged in ; nor do I expect to be entertained by all, or even tbe majority of my patriotic fellow-citizens, who were en gaged with me In making and aiding those grand achievments. Their wounds, unlike my own, are yet unueaiea; meir sacrifices, like some, arc yet unrewarded. Tbey hare been, thev are and they will continue to be apprehensive In that regard, and these appre hensions will increase with every Indiscreet proceeding, or even utterance Of any person or parties who ever were compromised, or who ever sympathised with tbe rebellion, or with African Slavery. Confidence Is, In the case of most men, though not in mine, a plant of slow growth. Not only Is It true that such apprehensions, however unreason able tbey may be, cannot be safely disregard ed, bnt it is equally true tbey are to be re spected aud Indulged, because of the moral Influence they will exert In favor of union, freedom and progress in all future time, and throughout the world. Tbe magistrates who are to preside, then, In the work of reconstruction hereafter, o.ugbt, like those who have "preceded In for mer stages, of tbat work, to be men drawn from and representing that class of citizens, who maintained tbe Government in the pros ecution of tho civil war and the abolition of slavery. Great applause. In no other bands could the work of reconciliation,. be expected to be successful, because a differ ent sort of Magistrate would be urofonndlr and generally suspected of a 'willingness to oeiruy me. transcenaant pnouc interests which were guided and secured bv tbo war. Tbe attitude of each of the political parties In this canvass, is In some respects different from wbat I myself could have desired or would have advised. Very great crimes have been committed in the name of liberty by the Republicans of tbe United Slates. As great crimes Were committed In tbe same' boly name oy me t rencn repuoiic in tue revolution of 1TS9, nevertheless, the Republican party neither rests under any suspicion of Its loyal ty, or devotion to human freedom, nor can it fall under any such suspicion. The Demo cratic party, I do not propose now to say with bow much justice, has not so conducted as to secure the entire confidence of a loya! and confiding people In its unconditional and uncompromising adherence to the Union, or in its acceptance and approval of the effective abolition of slavery. I entertain no jealousy of the Democratic party or Its lead ers, and no nninendiy or uncnaniatiie feel ings towards that great constituent On the other band, I cherish a grateful appreciation ot me patriotism, me magnanimity, me nero ism of many of my fellow-citizens wltb whom I have cheerfully labored and co-operated, while they still retain their adhesion to tbe Democratic party. How could I distrust tbelovaltvor thevlr- tne of Andrew Johnson, of Gen. Hancock, uen. jicuienan,j3enaiar oncaicw. oi renn sylvaula ; of Senator Heridricks, of Indiana ; or of his associate, Mr. Nlblaek, or of Mr. Cox, of Ohio, to whom personally more than any other member, Is due tho passage of the Constitutional Amendment In Congress, abolishing African slavery. I bare, therefore, regarded with sincere, and I trust, patriotic solicitude, the efforts of Democratic leaders, as well those made In 1864 at Chicago, as the greater ones made In New York In 1866, to lift ffcj. n.nifuMtIn rr4v nr. f. ,K. til... 11. . u V. w.iuuu.llb j . , . J Mf . V MV UUUt, upon attaining which all tbe errors and short comings oi its memoers, curing me civil war conld at once drop off from tbe Demo cratic party's back, as the burden of Christ fell from his back when be came up to tbe Cross. If the Democratic party had only reached that point I should have felt that the further concern on my part about the work of reconstruction and restoration might be dismissed. In tbat case, we should have had tbo two great parties of the country sub stantially agreed in tbe right, as the two great parties of tbe country, in ray judgment, in 1856, agreed in the wrong. In 186S, both parties agreed In tbe compromise of I860, which accepted tbe Fugitive Slave Law, al lowed tbe extension of African slaverr. and prohibited discussion upon It In tbe national uongress lorever. it me Democratic party In 1SCS bad lifted themselves to tbe position I have supposed, we should have had both parties of tbe country practically agreeing la tbo Justice, wisdom and humanity ot tbe Government in tbo civil war. and of the abo lition of slavery ; and at the same time asree- mg upon tue ripeness oi tue tune and tne nccessitr of peace and fraternal sffeetloil. The Democratic party having failed to do so, tbelr preparation to assume the responsibili ties of a rescued and regenerated attic, must be delayed four years. To cosSde these responsibilities to tbat party in It present condition, would be to centrese. perbxpa Increase, tbe lamentable poilUcsl excitement which alone has delayed the eosa plete restoration of the Union to the pretest time. History proves that there is a eerteia fatality attached to the occopation of tite Papal chair by a Piss. Lotus XVL wm beheaded nnder Piss VI. Napoleon L was exiled to St Helena under Ptas TIL Charles X. lost A crswn nntW FSw VIII. Tbe oeeaoatiea bv Pkw IX. Ism been cnrions-ly prolific in political diw- ters. jxaM rmiippe, irancis u. ox Naples, King Otto of Greece, the Kbg of Hanover and JsabeK&of S peers'. bswe been overthrown, asd the pages f IstS tory are darkeeed by the vvotect dot Wag of President Baeorsi, KsxiffirKafi ef Wut iee, aad Prinze Miektael of Sems.