Every Wednesday Morning,
AT $0.00 PER AXNTJ3I.
Mailed to Foreign Subscriber at 37.0U.
Office On Merchant street, west of
he Tost Office, ITonoluln, IT. T.
Printed and published by J. Mott Sxitii, at the
Government I-rtntin; Office, to whom all business
communications must be addressed.
I. ST. CABTXL J. B. ATniXTOX. A. H. COOKE.
CASTLK A: COOKS,
IMPORTERS, GENERAL MERCHANTS,
AHD GENERAL AGENTS,
No. SO King Street, oppite tlie Seamen's Chapel
The Kohala Snpir Company, Hawaii,
The IIaIknFu?ar Company, Maul,
Tlie Hawaiian Snjar Mills. Mini.
The Tfaialua Snzar Plantation. CUbn.-vid other
Fujrw TUnteri nf Watoli and KhIim. Kauai,
Tlie Luniahal Kiee Hantatfcm, Kanal,
Ir. Jayue's Celebrate,! Family Medicines,
VTOieeler t Wlline peering Machines,
The Olant Powder Cmnpanv.
The New Kngland Mntnal Ufe Insurance Co..
82 The American Steam Kire-proof Safe Co. fly5
IKA. StlCU VKBS.
IMPORTER & DEALER IN BOOTS, SHOES,
Fine Clothing. Fnrolslilnj tio-K Perfumery, 1c,
corner or Fori and Merchant Streets. Honolulu.
Alai, Acent f.tr tlie Hawaiian Soap Co. Orders re-
erlTfl. and promptly eiecnted.
Particular attention paid to the Shipment of floods
to the other l.lnnds -ItS
A. C. BUFFI'JI. at. x.,
POET PHYSICIAN, AHD SURGEON.
Office and Residence N'o. Si Fort Street, llonolnlu,
first honse makal of the Catholic Chnreh.
At home day and nlfht, when not professionally
nilsLIXAIIAM X. CO.,
IMPORTERS It DEALERS IN HARDWARE,
Cntlerjr. Dry Goods. Paints and Oils, and General
Merchandise, Xo. 85, Kinjt Street, Honolnln. lS-Ivt
rHAltlv BROWX. GODFREY BnOWN.
IMPORTERS & 'WHOLESALE DEALEBS
In Wines, Spirits, Ale, Porter, lc., Merchant St.,
r. r. ADAMS. S. 0. WILDER.
xnxats & wii.okk,
AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
27 (Joeen Street. Honolnln. n. I. Ijr4
HI. 1IACKFI?I1 A: CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENTS.
8-G Oueen Street, llonolnlu, 11. 1. ly
ED. HOFFSCHL AEGER & CO.,
IMPOETEES & COMMISSIOK MERCHANTS
41 Honolnln, Oaho, II. I. fl5
TIIEOWOUE C. HZUTCK.
IMPOETEE & COMMISSION MEECHANT.
l-JJ Honolnln. Palm. II. I. fly
T. A. SCIIAEFKIE A; CO.,
38 llonolnlu. Oahn, II. I.
C. n. LETTERS. , J. C. DICK80X.
LGM'EItS &. IUCKSOX,
IMPOETEES AND DEALERS IN LUMBER,
And Ml kinds of Building Materials, Fort Street,
JOIIA S.McGREIV, at. !.,
PHYSICIAN AND SUEGEON,
Office In II. L. Chase's rtuildlnc. Fort Strwt. Office
hours, from Elrbt to Ten A M and from Three to
lire P. M. Residence on Chaplain Street, between
Ntinanu aud Fort Streets. S-3m
ALLEN & CHILLTNGWOB.TH,
Vnil contlune the General Merchandise and Shipping
business at the abore port, where they are prepar
ed to furnish the Jnstlr celebrated Kawathno Pota
toes, and such other r.ecrult as are required by
whaleshlps. at the shortest notice and on the most
reasonable terms. Firewood always on hand. 8-IyS
""jOIIIV X. M-ATURHOIJSE.
IMPOETEE AND DEALEE IN GENERAL
2 Queen Street, Honolulu, II. I. ly?
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENT &BROKER
Office In Fire-pniof Buildings on Queen Street,
18 Honolnln, II. I. ly4
C. !t. SPENCER. n. KACFARLAXE.
CIIAS. IV. SPESCER & CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
24 Queen Street. Honolulu, H. I. fly
McCOEG XX fc JOIIXSOX,
10 Fort St., Honolnln. opposite T. C. Hcuck's. lyi
C. K. 1VII.EIAMS,
MANUFACTURER, IMPOETEE & DEALER
In Furniture of every description. Furniture Ware
Kwwu on Fort Street, opposite Chase's Photograph
Oalicry. Workshop at the old stand on Hotel
Street, near Fort. Ordersfronitheother
41 Islands promptly attended to. lyS
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
41 King Street, next to the Bethel. Honolnln. Iy5
at. X. DO.VVELL,
CABINET MAKER AND UPHOLSTERER,
King Street, Honolulu, opposite Lewis' Cooper Shop.
41 Will bny and sell second-hand Furniture. Iy5
XIIIUEXS & fSOKESSOS,
SHIP CAEPENTEES & CAULKERS
At D. Foster & Co'a Old Stand,
Kear the Honolulu Iron Works.
TIIEO. II. BATIES,
I Air Jaitros, Grim Co.
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT,
A!CD AGCXT rOS.
Lloyd's and the Liverpool Underwriters
British and Foreign Marine Insurance Co., and
Tiorthern Assurance Company. 3-lyS
IMPOETEES AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fashionable Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes,
and every variety of Gentlenieu'a Furnishing Goods.
Snow'a Building. Merchant Street, Honolulu. tO-lyi
3. 8. WALKER. S. C. ALLES.
WALKER Sc ALLES,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
19 Queen Street. Houolnln. II. I. Py5
r.. Tj. torbert.
DEALEE IN LUMBER AND EVERY KIND
OF BUILDING MATERIAL.
13 Orrtci Corner Queen and Fort streets. Iy5
nOLLES fc CO.,
SHIP CHANDLERS AND COMMISSION
Queen Street, Honolulu. Particular attention paid
tothepurcoaseand sale ol Hawaiian rrouuee.
axrus si rxuiisAtoa vo
C L Mchards a Co, ill Hackfeld A Co,
n ftr.w.r (Vi In T. Richards A Co.
D C Waterman Esq, Castle A Cooke. 3-lyS
GROCER AND SHIP CHANDLER,
Mont j ftnd Rocratta famUbed to Ship on the moet
10 favorable ttrm. Py&
Conmussion Merchant and General Agent,
Importer of Taas and other Chinese and Foreign
hAn.ls wholeeale Dealer In nawalian Produce, and
Agent for the Pankaa and Araauulu Sugar Planta-
. . " . . . ... c..-. t..l..nr
lions. f ire-prwi cioto uu .iuuiu '.i - - -
TURNPIKE STORE CHOICE GROCERIES
1W Corner of Nnnanu t Prince Streets. fl2-ly
VOL. Y NO. 46.1
M. C. CHALLASEL. BLEBE.
CIIAK.IU.19IEIj t CO.,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES,
Spirits, Ales, 4c, Ko. S, Xuuanu Street, opposite
Merchant Street, Honolnln. rs-l)i
D. H. HITCHCOCK,
IS HIlo, HawaJL lyo
A. S. CI.EG1IORA,
WHOLESALE AND- RETAIL DEALEE
In Merchandise. Fire-proof Store, corner of Queen
and Kaahuiuann Streets, ltetail EntsMMinw nt. on
Xnnann Street, and on the corner of Foi t and Hotel
sntiutAX rtcr. n. a. r. cabtck.
C. ItKEWER at CO.,
IIONOICl.TJ, II. I.
AGENTS Of the Boston and Honolulu
AGEXTS For tlie Mnkre, Vnllnku nnrt
AGK.VTS For tlie Purchase n"l Sale of
Islnnil Prortnrr. Wy5
b. r. rnt.ERs. . A. jaeger.
It. p. EI5I.EKS & CO.,
DEALERS IN DEY GOODS AND GENEEAL
Fire-proof Store on Tort Street, above Odd Fellows
P. A. SCIIAKFEIE,
AGENT Tor the 11REMEX DOAItD
Ajrent for the Dresden Board of Underwriters,
Agent for the Vienna Board of Underwriters.
C. S. IJAKTO.V,
Salesroom on Queen Street, one door from Kaahu
mann Street. 1Mj5
at. S. GISIAKAIOT & CO.,
IMPOETEES AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fashionable Ciothins. Uats.Csp", Boots, Shoes,
and evenr variety of Gentlemen's superior Fnrnish
Inc Good's. Stoic in MaVce's Block, Queen Street,
Honolulu, H. I. PW
AI'OSC & ACJIIICEi,
Importers! Wholesale and Retail Dealers
In General Merchandise and China Goods. In the
Fire-proof Store on Xuuanu Street, under the Public
.iou:v II. PATY,
Notary Public and Commissioner of Deeds
For the State of California. Office at the Bank of
Bishop a Co., Kaahumanu Street, Honolnln. S-lyS
II. A. lVWEJSAuV,
6J -lace at the Interior Department, lyii
. iv. ivoaxorv,
COOPEE AND GATJGER,
- At the New Stand on the Esplanade.
He Is jrepsred to attend' to all work In his line
at the Shop licit to the Custom House, where he can
be found at all working hours. He has on hand
and for sale. Oil Casks and Barrels of different sizes,
new and old, which he will sell at the very Lowest
Market Bates All work dons In a thorouch manner
and warranted to give satisfaction. AH kinds of
Coopering Materials and Tools for sale. l-3m
P. II. & G. SEGEEECEIV,
TIN, ZINC AND COPPER SMITHS,
AND SHEET IRON WORKERS,
Nnnanu Street, betsroen Merchant & Queen.
Hare constantlv on hand. Stoves. Pipe. Gsl-
vanired Iron Pipe, Plain aud Hose Bibbs,
Stopcocks, India llubber Hose bcstS-ply,
,ln lengths of 25 and 50 feet, with couplings
and oine complete. Batn-Tnbs. and also a
very large stock of Tinware of every description.
Particulsr attention given to Ship-Wo-k. Orders
from the other Islands will be carefully attended to.
Thankful to the Citizens of Honolnln and the
Islands (reneraily for their liberal patronage In the
liast, we hope by strict attention to business to merit
the same fir the future. 37-l 5
.IAJII1S I. I. i:vbs,
COOPER AND GATJGER,
At the Old Stand, corner King & Bethel Sts.
A huTft Stock of Oil SlifxAfl and all kind of Coop
rriajf Materials constantly hand, lie hope by
attention to bo i nets to merit a continuance of the
patronage which he has heretofore erjojred. and for
which he now returns his thanks. l-3m
v. iff. Tiiojii'sorv,
Queen Street, Honolnln,
Has constantly on hand and for sale at the Lowest
Market I'rices, a good assortment of the Best Refined
Bar Iron, and the Best Blacksmith's Coal. 3S-1; 5
JSO. SOTT. SAM'L XOTT.
.lOIIIV 2VOXX & CO.,
COPPER AND TIN SMITHS,
Kaahumanu St, one door above Flitner's,
Ber leare to Inform the public that they are pre
pared to fnrniah all kinds of Copper Work, such as
Stills, Strike Tans Sorphum Pan, Worms, r.im,
etc Also ou hind, a full aiwlment of Tin Ware
which we offer for wile at the Lowest Market Trices
All kinds of Repairing done with Jieatnoas and
Phi-ftch. Orderii from the other Inlands will meet
ith prompt attention. l-3m
JEWELER AND ENGRAVER,
Fort Street opposite Odd Fellows' Hall,
Is prepared to execute with promptness, all work lu
his line f husines, such as Watch and Clock repair
ing Manufacturing Jewelry and KnyrraTlnc l-3m
LICENSED , SHIPPING AGENT,
Office on James Eobinson & Co's Wharf,
Continues the business on hi old plan of settling
with officers and seamen Immediately cn their ship
plogat hia office. Having no director indirect uo
nectlon with any outfitting establUhment, and allow
ing no debts to t collected In his office, he hopes to
give as good satisfaction In the future as he has in
the past. l3ra
HOUSE AND SHIP PLUMBEE,
King Street, next to the Seamen's Bethel.
llaaon hand, Bath-Tnbi, Water-CloieU, Wash-Ba-ains,
Force and Lift Pumps, Lead and Gal ran 12 ed
Iron Tipes, and I'l amber's Bnus-works. Being the
only IMumber in tbecity,he will execute all orders en
trosted to Ulni In a workmanlike manner. l-Cm
I)ICKSO. A: BOLSTER,
House, Sign & Ship Painters,
XClng Street, near Xnnanu.
11 I, Graining, Marbling, Gilding, Calsomfnlog,
Kilh rape r hanging. ic-t i.c, executed on the
CilBr shortest notice, and on the most reasonable
PIAAOS and other Musical
Instruments Tuned and He paired, by
f CHARLES DERBY, at the Hawaiian
Lessons given on the Piano & Guitar
he best of references given. 51-ly5
"WAGON AND CARSIAGE BUILDEE,
70 IClng Street. Honolulu.
sBn n.Mi-t- w(tt.
and neatness. Also, partlcn-
rtX&G lar attention ciren to Black
t mi thing and Horse-shoeing. Orders from the other
Islands promptly executed. 40-1 y
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1869.
LCOX E. VtTtU. JAUI3 S. ELOCI,
LEOS IS. 3IKVEKS &. CO.,
IHPOHTEHS AND MAKDPACIUBEES OF
ITALIAN & AMERICAN MAH3LES,
Manttls, Crates, Monuments. IleaJtones. Tombs,
Wa.hstand, Itareaa and Counter Toiit nilliard lieds,
Firf liricks, 1'Iastf r. ic. Ac. B30 Jliulet Strret. op
posite Catholic Clinrcb, San.Francisco, Csi 33-ly.
n. IT. SITIEAXCC C. I. CUII
SEVEEAIJCE, CLARK & CO.,
AND SHIPPING AGENTS,
405 Front St, corner of Clay, San Francisco.
"tt will attend to the sale of Scpir and all kinds
of Island Trodnce, also to the pnrehasinp and for
warding of Merchandise. Cosh Adrances made on
J01IX SItCKAKi:5, J. C. UEKBIIX
Portland. S. F. Cal.
M' CRAKE If, MERRILL & CO.,
Ilarlng been engaged in our present business fnr
upwards of twtlro years, and being located in a Fire
proof Brlrfc HoiMIng, we are prepared to receire and
din) f Island Staples, sncha Susnr, Fjrnps, Rice,
lulu. Cofiee. etc., to advantage. Cu!iignments es
pecislly solicited for the Oregon Market, to which
jtersonal attention will be paid, and npon which ca;h
advances will be made when reqnlred.
HETEEXX C ES ,
Qisrlen WUroolii.... .......San Francisco
J C Merrill a Co
Fred Ifcen "
James Pfltrtfk a Co ,
Wm T Colemsn a Co
MfTtns. H.-er t Co. "
Allen k Lewis Tortland
Leonard a Green l-ly5
Having the beet facilities through nn Intimate con
nection, with the Jnpanese trade fcr the pait eight
years, is prepared to transact any bueinces entrnsted
to his care, with dispatch. 1T-Iy5
H. B. WILLI A M3, n. P. BLASCnAtD, C B. M0EO4X.
WILLIAMS, BLANCHARD & CO..
SHIPPING & COMHISSION MEECHANTS,
Ic 305 Front Street, San Francisco. Cm
L-ANGLEY, CROWELL & CO.,
22 Cor. Battery & Clay Sts, San Francisco. Cm
Samome Streetf San Frnnclsco,
Extending from Sacrainento St. to llalleck Street.
HAVING HE EX 11ECEXTLY RE.
ovnted and newly FurnUbeiL, unices it the
moit nlet, economical and comfortable FA3JILV
HOTEL In the State. B-ing centrally Incatetl, It-offers
every Inducement fur lluslness Men and the Pub
Tlie Tables will be constantly supplied with every
luxury the matlcet affords. The American Exchange
Conch, with Red Lights. IU 1 at the Wharves and
Depots, toconvey pnsenjrers to the Hotel free.
7-ly5 TIM(TIIY S AUG EXT, Pmp'r.
BOAED OF UNDEltWRITERS.
rilllE UA'DERiIGXED having been
JL appointed Agents fr the San Fransioco lUjard
of Underwriters, comprising the
California Insurance Company,
Merchants Mutual Jlarlne Ins. Co.,
Pacific Insurance Company,
California Lloyd, and
Home Mutual Insurance Company.
Beg leave to inform Masters of Vessels and the pub
lic generally, that all losses of Vessels and Carges,
injured by either of the above Cuinptnit;s, against
jerils of the teas and other riskB, at nr near the
Sandwich islands will hare to be verified bv them.
l-3m II. IIACKFELD 4 CO.
THE U.VDEUSIGXED, AGEXTS of
the above Company, hare been authorized to
insure risks on Cargo, freight and Treas
ure, by Coasters, from Honolulu to all ports of
the Hawaiian Group, and vice versa.
S-ly5 II. IIACKFELD k CO.
MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY
Of San Francisco.
THE UNDERSIGNED having been
appointed Agents for the above Company .are
prepared toisuo Policies on Cargoes, Krelgltts
WALKER i ALLEX,
3-3m Agents. Honolulu.
riTIHE USUERSIGXED, AGENTS OP
JL tt e above Company, hare been authorized to
insure rl" on Cargo, Freight nod Treas
ure, from Honolulu toalljiorts of the world, and
18-ly H. IIACKFELD k CO.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY.
rWMIE UXDEUSIONED having been
ML appointed Agents vf the above Company, are
prepared to insure risks against Fire, on IS tone and
Urlck Buildings, and on Merchandise
stored therein, 011 the most fstorabIe terms. For
particulars applv at the office of
6-lyS F. A. cCHAEFER k CC
TUB AGENT FOR THE BRITISH
Foreign Marine Insurance Company, (Limit
ed), has received 1 us tract Urns to reduce the rates ol
Insurance between Honolulnand Ports In thePacific,
and I now prepared to Issue Policies at the Lomtst
JiaUt. with a special reduction on Freight per Steam
er. THEO. H. DAVIFS,
43-tf Jgent JtriL For. Mar. Int. Co. (Limited)
IMPERIAL FIRE 1XSCRAXCE CO.
Of London.-Eatablislied A. D. 1803.
CASH CAPITAL., 88,000,000 In GOLD,
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING bm appointed
aptnts of tlie abore Company for the Uavailan
Islaods, are prepared trt losareapaiost Fire on Brick,
Stonu and W ooden Ltnilding, and on Mercbandi-,
on toe most favorable terms. For particulars, applj
at the oCce of
29-ly WALKEP. I ALLEX.
CRATER OF KILAtJEA, HAWAII.
T THIS ESTABL,ISII5IEKT IS
tjr; now op-o fir the reception of visitors to Ztz
theYolcano Ilonsetbo may rely on Ceding com
fortable rooms, a good table, and prompt attendance.
Experienced gaides for the Crater always on hand.
STEAH AHD SULPHITE BATHS !
Hones Grained and Stalled if Desired
Pardee ilslting the Volcano rla llilo, can procure
animals warranted to make the Journey, hy D. U.
IlrrcHCucr, Esq. SJ-ly5.
OXT'S HANDLED AXES.
Beat quality. For sals by the case or retal
(ldn) B0LLE3 t CO.
Tlie World in Growing Ilctter.
.1 Thanligieinij Sermon delivered inTbrt Street
Church, Honolulu, jtev. IStft, 1809, by Ket.
R. B. Ssowuex. (
Psalx 11S : 10, 20. " Open to me the pates of right
eousness; I will gointotbem and I will praise the
Lord. This gate of the lard Into which the right
eous shall enter." t
The world is growing better. I tbank
God for tliis, and that joa all may fully eliarc
tbe grateful feeling, I mean, in tbc balf-bour
jou lend mc on this day of general praise,
to prove and illustrate tbe proposition.
I know tint many bold and express a con
trary opinion. And it is not at all strange
tbat tbey should, fur so great Is tbe immoral
ity, skepticism, and Irrcllion ol tbe times,
tbat one quite readily runs to tbc conclusion
tbat tbc world is becoming worse and worse.
or, as a friand of mine once expressed it:
"Tbe race is devil-ridden and bell-bent."
If wc look only in one direction, we see
frigbtfnl depths of suffering and want in our
large cities, fierce animal excitements, gross
tastes, unnatural vices. and crimes, tbe cast
ing off nf sacred restraints, treason against
law and order, adulteries and sbamcful di
vorces, forgeries and robbery, murder, drunk
enness, blasphemy, and vileucss unspeakable.
Wean; startled by sbocklng iniquities, wbicb
uncover deptbs of depravity far lower than
wc have tbougbt could possibly be reacbed.
Tbe very fountains of life seem to be poison
ed; wbole races dying ont; civilization
running to lojticlde, 6ulclde, impurity, phys
ical and moral decay. Standing agbast at
sneb awful borrors, wc say, Surely, tbc times
bave brousbt us to the very carnival of
crime. Nothing in tbc world was ever so
bad as tills.
But we are mistaken. This dreadful wick
edness, repulsive as it seems, is loveliness
compared wltb what prevailed in the ancient
world. Tbe classic writers of Greece and
Borne bave framed for us windows through
which wc may look iu and see the festering
rottenness of those teamed, civilized nations.
Tbe deciphered hieroglyphs of Assyria and
Eirypt tell the same tale of shame. God
hurled Herculancum and Pompeii for sixteen
centuries iu a deep grave of lava, and then
let men come and uncover those charnel
houses, that they might learn how entirely
right was that terrible vengeance of His
which swept away all tbe glory, the arts,
luxury, and learning of tbe grandest Empire
the world ever saw, with His great tidal
wave of Gothic barbarism.
Then, things were done every day without
a protest which the world would not now
suffer to be done at all. Then, tbc pleasures
of the populace were fearfully crncl and
bloody. Remembering tbat, in our day, we
have not confined ourselves to protecting
human beings from wrong, but have laws
and societies In all parts of Christendom to
prevent cruelty even to animals bearing this
fact in mind, conceive yourself, on a pleasant
afternoon, In old Imperial Rome, hurrring
along with the throng to the Coliseum,
where gather, In gallery npon gallery, the
nobility and populace of the great city the
Emperor and princes, the senators, knights,
tradesmen and rabble a vast assemblage,
eighty thousand Iu number. Soon the trained
gladiators come out iuto tbe arena far below
you, and contend, not in a sbam encounter,
but in savage earnest, for the fearful stake
Imposed upon them is that of life or death.
One falls, faint and wounded: shall he die?
lie is a brother-man; bis heart throbs with
tbc same red blood as yours. He has a wife
and family, perhaps, in some far-off town.
He is guilty of no crime. Shall be die!
Give answer quick, U thou misnamed Father
of thy people, silling ou a throne; say, at
once, y laughing crowds, for his antagonist
waits for your commands. Sown go the
thumbs, and be is dispatched with a thrust
of bis fellow-gladiator's sword, and the hun
gry masses, their appetite for blood quick
ened, clamor for anot hcM ictim t Could such
things be done now?
Do you hear those roarings? They come from
beasts, tigers wild from the jangles of Asia;
Hons that lately roamed the deserts of Xu
midia. Tbey have had no food for days.
Here comes their prey, this old man, a
bated Christian, whose gray hairs and trem
bling limbs give point to many a joke and
jibe among the careless multitude, and, Abl
this daughter, so young and lovely, clinging
to the old man's hand. Will she not excite
compassion In those hearts of stone? It may
possibly be so; but no! Tbe iron barriers
are taken away; the fierce beasts, with a
single bound, are in the arena, aud the great
crowds are eager for the Issue tier above
tier, rising In their scats, and pressing for
ward to see. And while helpless shrieks,
mangled limbs and death-agonies make a
picture that tbc mob study with relish, the
suu shines down aslant through tbe rootless
temple, like tbe eye of God searching the
deptbs of sin. Wonld tbc world now stand
such scenes as those?
I thank God for tbe times we live in, not as
au absolnte good far from it bnt as better
than any period of tbe past, and full of promise
that better days still are drawing on.
1. Tbe present is an era of wide views.
There has been a disenthrall ment of the mind,
along with the march of freedom in other
quarters. Old notions, not founded in reason
and right, arc exploded; institutions which
have served their day, bnt arc worn out and
useless, however much the ages have hallow
ed them, arc swept away out of sight, as so
much rubbish. Tbe signs arc favorable for
liberty tbroughootthe world. The old forms
of government must give way; names maj
be retained, but the power is getting into
tbe bands of tbe people, which is like the
settlement of a suit in chancery, in way
they are reported to be seldom settled by
the actual distribution of tbe property amoDg
the heirs to whom it belongs. Tbe great case
among tbe nations of Jarndice vs. Jarndice,
Is coming to an Issue, and in a satisfactory
manner, too. The more radical a reform is,
now-a-days, tbe more likely It is to succeed.
The proposal to adopt wbman suffrage is
an instance. There is hardly a question but
that it will come. It will be an experiment
qnite likely a great mistake In itself; but tbe
agitation now going on is a good thing, and
means a great deal. It means a common
education for the sexes; a less frivolous and
unworthy life for the sisters ol tbe race; a
reform in dress, which is greatly needed, and
Increased opportunities of helpfulness forthe
self-dependent women. Tbe agitation of this
question means at least as much as this.
What a pleasant sin of independence and
mental elevation is given us in the adoption
of the eight-hour system, whatever may be
thought of the economy of It. Mechanics
arc not serfs any longer, but men of intelli
gence and influence. Tbe drudges must
now be drawn from tbe balf-civilized and
beathen. myriads of Asia and Africa, while
our artizans are to have time for culture
In religion, liberal views prevail; super
stitious have given way; tbe churches are
more free; denominational wars arc pretty
well over. Tbe word heretic will soon be
obsolete, and Christian mean more than
formalist. We are still narrow, I think, in
some of our church ideas. Our churches arc
too restricted; the Interval between, thetu
and the masses seems to be widening every
year. It used to be that all were in some
sort of ecclesiastical connection, and there
fore received some oversight and care from
pastors and others; but now, tbe churches
are too much the fashionable resorts of a
select few, while the multitudes are as sheep
without a shepherd. Tbc Lord help them I
But this evil is somewhat remedied by tbe
increased attention paid to the religious in
struction ;of children. Wc are getting tired
of presenting the Gospel to the hardened
sinners only. Wc are no longer willing to
be put off with the left-ends of hnmanlty,
very few of whom are ever converted. It
shows the good sense of the times tbat min
isters are preaching a good deal to children,
who can give a whole life to the Lord, and
who arc susceptible to Impressions, their
hearts not having been crusted over by long
babits of unbelief, or the beauty and very
llf of their souls burnt out by the fires of
vice. We can offer to our Master no gifts
more precious than bouquets of the sweet
youug flowers of human nature buds o
promise, tender blossoms, still fresh with
tbe dews of morning.
Wide views arc taken in all branches of
knowledge Xo part of the past has added
so largely to the domain conquered by the
forces of the human mind. The average of
intelligence is greater than heretofore; edu
cation is more widely diffused, and embraces
matters of more practical worth. At last,
people have come to study things, not words
and abstractions, and to make their school
days steps to trade, the farm, the workshop,
and the home. We arc living In a day, too,
of great intellectual brilliancy. Bright lights
of genins shine in the firmament of litera
ture. We have. Indeed, no Sbakspeare no
sucb universal mind may again be expected.
But be had arcund him no frleuds and com
panions In tbe walks of learning to be com
pared with the goodly array of poets, histo
rians, editors, generals, admirals, divines.
and Jurists, who take ns by the hand and
lead us into tbc beautiful groves of thought,
or upward to the heights of manlycnterprlse.
Science, entering into the infinities of crea
tion, has greatly enlarged the range nf
thought, opening highways Into the won
derful and vast, where, with bushed breath,
awed and adoring, wc seem to stand npon
tbe threshold of the palace-home of God. J
Helped on by inventive genius, science has
smoothed tbe rough ways of life, and put to
our service so many hidden forces of nature
as to make it a common experience with us
not to be surprised at the most marvelous
It Is indeed true that our literary people
and men of science have frightened us some
what by their attacks upon tbe Btble and
Christianity. But it is really not so bad an
assault as that which was made by the infi
dels of the last century. The Bible is not
scorned as a forgery now these men know
too much for that: Christianity is not scoffed
at as a tissue of superstition and weakness.
Its grandeur, its perfect morality, its divinity,
even, are recognized, and Jesus is the love
liest character in history, whose acknowl
edged power over the hearts of men is
thought worth studying into by Strauss, Re
nan, Shcnckel, and the rest. Granted that
some of these thinkers arc bent on evolving
all things from a fire mist, without the cre
ative edict of a Supreme Father, yet they
only retire into a fog which the multitude
are perfectly willing they should stay in, and
are not at all disposed to enter with them.
Granted that they are busy emblaznnlngthcir
heraldic shield with the figure of the pre
historic ape their asserted ancestor, yet
tbc masses bear little about these specula
tions, and care less for them, believing full
well tbat If man originated from the baboon,
then the baboon must bave started with the
seeds of tbe buman soul in him, a greater
wonder tjjan tbe absolute creation taught In
Genesis, and only uselessly moving back the
needed act of God.
2. The present is an age when moral ideas
hold the scepter in society. It is not so ma
terialistic an era as some would have It.
There is a public sentiment before which
wickedness is constrained to bide Its head.
An enlightened public conscience has proved
Itself a mighty force in society. It has abol
ished flogging on tbe blgb seas; it has re
moved tbe decanter from tbe side-board of
our bouses, where it used to stand a con
stant temptation; It has driven into disgrace
Intemperance itself, that used to be thought
no more than tbe pecessary spice in a fine
fellow's character. The moral sentiment of
society killed tbe slave-trade; procured abo
lition In tbe British West Indies, and set free
tbe serfs of Russia. American slavery went
down before it, swept off not so much by
the cohorts of the Republic, as by the Chris
tian conscience of the people who brought on
the conflict, and when It came, wonld not
compromise, though tbe sacrifice was great.
Moral ideas rule widely in this our day. Tbc
world once rang wltb tbe praises of Flowird,
who went into tbe prisons, and reformed
their abuses and cruelties. Wc breathe a
purer atmosphere. Howard would And now
no dungeons, dark and loathsome; no crim
inals, chained in pepetnal midnight, among
the nnbnried bodies of their dead fellows;
be would find in our well-regulated peniten
tiaries and asylums no sucb scenes of horror
is sickened bis mind, while tbey added new
Impulses to bis philanthropic heart. And
tbe well-treated prisoner of the present day
S6.00 PER YEAH.
is oever left unfriended in his loneliness.
The spirit of Howard, or rather that which
Howard bad, tbe spirit of Jesus, lives in a
tnnltitnee of kind hearts, consecrated to the
noble deeds of charity gentle women who
go as angels with relieving bands Into the
presence of suffering, poverty, and death;
strong men, who, amidst the affluence which
God has poured in golden showers upon
them, are soft of heart for the distresses and
the wants of otheis. Stoicism is a virtue no
longer. New springs of sympathy and tender
love have started in more hearts than can be
told, making green tbe meadows of life,
bringing the bloom of floral beauty where
once tbc desert sands of sorrow lay hot and
Cbistian ideas have penetrated into busi
ness, into governments, into the relations of
states and nationalities, into outward affairs,
generally, from which they were formerly
excluded. Religion is no longer set aside as
a Sunday affair, a mummery of prayers and
ceremonies, but is brought down to our
everyday life. It has, indeed, got but little,
as yet, into corporations; but corporations,
proverbially, bave no souls, and therefore
uot much capacity for religion. The day
will come when corporations will bave souls,
and then religion will control them.
It is sometimes said that people will not
btand much theology now-a-days. Much of
what used to be dignified with the name of
theology Is happily gone that dry scholas
ticism which bad nothing in common with
the Bible but Bible words. We need shed
no tears tbat such a jargon tbe old meta
physics of the pulpit has become a dead
language; it never bad life. There is better
ground fur lamenting tbat the people seem
to be less hungry for tbe plain bread of a
simple Gospel. Like very children, they are
often most pleased when fed with unwhole
some confectionery rather thau the substan
tial food of saving truth. Perhaps it was
always so, and the only trouble now is, that
they get what they cry for more than former
ly. Discipline is relaxed, resulting in agrow
Ing class of spiritual dyspeptics, unable to
digest a single solid doctrine. But this is a
disease which will work Its own cure.
3. That tbc world Is becoming better is
seen in the concentrated aud united action
of the present day. The repellent forces in
society are weakened. Christianity, teach
ing charity, brotherhood, sympathy, a com
mon Father, Is uniting all the healthy ele
ments of the world Into a resistless host,
bearing on their banners, like the regiments
of Napoleon, tbe sure presage of glorious
victory. Tbe nations which have long held
apart are now joining bands wltb the rest of
us. Tbe distant East and the Christian West
are meeting, not in tbe shock of deadly
strife, but in tbe friendly blending of their
several streams of wealth and civilization.
Great monopolies are a feature of the pres
ent day an evil in themselves, but a natural
result of this tendency to concentration.
They meau something, and for good, ulti
mately, wc have reason to believe. There Is
coming a wonderlul sauctiflcation of wealth.
Already, tbe first drops of tbe needed shower
bave refreshed tbe dry selfishness of life.
When Christ has tbe hearts of those who
bave tbc gold, then tbe hungry shall not go
unfed, nor the Ignorant uutangbt.
The tendency to united action Is seen in
the Increase of lay work in our churches.
The time was and not long ago, cither,
wlieu even assistance in prayer-meetings
from those not in the clerical profession, or
in official station, was scowled upon as im
proper and Intrusive. In Frank, In, Conn.,
old Dr. Nott, brother of President Mott, of
Union College, though a thoroughly good
man, and settled over au intelligent people,
used to resent it as an affront if any one be
sides himself and the deacons proposed to
take any part but that of listeners in tbe
weekly meetings of the congregation. He
would pray and talk, call on the deacons
to pray and talk, and then shut the gates
down and dismiss the assembly, so that when
tbe fire burned in tbe hearts of bis flock,
they bad to use craft, and remain until the
Doctor bad taken bis hat and cane, and then
have a prayer meeting among themselves.
4. Ours is an age of great things. Tele
graphs across all lands, and under all seas;
long steamship lines ; railways spanning con
tiueuts; newspapers, sending ont hundreds
of thousands of copies; immense armaments
In war; iron-clads; monster guns; giant
powder; wonderful bridges; telescopes, pen
etrating to infinity; a thousand such things
show us on bow large a scale man's life Is
now ranged. And these are all things of use,
not great play-things, like the hanging gar
dens of Babylon, the Sphinx of tbe Nile, or
tbe Colossus of Rhodes. The beauty or
utility has as much grace as any other, and
more worth. Tbe world is stronger; tbe
fable of Briarcus. with his hundred arms,
has become a sober fact; only tbe myth Is
too small to meet the reality. It Is a day of
great and sudden changes; violent explo
sions in society shake the world to Its centre,
but when tbe confusion bas calmed, and tbe
air is clear again, It is found tbat only rub
bish and misery have been blown off, and
tblngs bave settled upon a better foundation
than ever. It is but lately that reports came
to us of a monk in coarse robe, and with
sandaled feet, moving voluptuous Paris to
tears and penitence by bis tender, Impressive
sermons. And now, on the ere of an ecu
menical conncil, bis bold protests against
prevailing corruptions In the Roman Church,
excite us to think tbat this eloquent Father
Hyarlntue who under bis austere garb hides
a person full of magnetic power and a heart
warm witb love forbumanity, may soon-stand
forth a second Luther.
5. We arc living in an age of great expec
tations. Before Christ came tbe world waa
astir with tbe idea tbat an Illustrious person
was soon to appear. So now, more than
ever In times past, tbe mind of the world Is
awake to the belief tbat a great aud won
wonderful era is soon to be ushered In. We
anticipate tbe occupation and improvement
of continents like Africa and South America,
of parts of Asia and of fair isles cradled on
the bosom of this vast sea. Lands of won
derful fertility, witb healthful climates, and
untold resources, await tbe entrance of those
energetic races which have already conquered
and civilized 10 large a part of tbe earth.
BOOK AND JOB
THE "GAZETTE" OFFICE
Is cow prepared to execute all onXen for
fill 111 MY nilTIK
OF EVERY DEKirnON,
WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH
We are expecting fresh discoveries In the
domain of all the sciences, and inventions
more Important than any which bavo
already come forward to do tbe drudgery of
our work. We are looking- for a coming
man, which means an advance, of humanity
to a far higher piatrorin of life, a style of
character symmetrical and strong, calling
out iuto full beauty and perfection the sa
cred endowments of the souL Christ, tbe
lovely and divine, the friend whose death
has given new life to the race, bas promised
to appear once more. We believe He will
come In the glory ol His person at the latter
day, but wc are now looking for bis coming
In another sense, in the uplifting of all hearts
and lives into likeness to Him, as be was In
His earthly life.
These expectations," my friends, .shall not
suffer disappointment. Steadily this Im
provement in moral life goes. on. More and
more the waifs tbat are adrift on lonely and
troubled waters, are gathered and cared for,
every year sees new retreats for the In
sane and the Intemperate, inventive ingenui
ty is busy planning provisions for the com
fort of tbe suffering, homes for tbe poor,
means of co-operation and help for all. In
our large cities, where you must go deep
down into tbc darkness to find tbe lowest
6tratum of want and wretchedness, tbe num
ber continually Increases of those who find
It a joy beyond all other to penetrate the
gloom and bring up into daylight and hope
these children of sin. The horrors or
snch otter ruin are no less fearful than
formerly, but they are not shunned as
once. Dens of crime are turned Into sanc
tuaries for prayer; vile wantons are collect
ed into midnight meetings, where kindly
attentions, and tender words of Christian
love, start tbe long dried fountains of tbelr
penitent tears. Religion now, takes on not
tbe ascetic piety of the recluse, but a prac
tical earnestness that speaks of hearts all
aflame with a lire fallen from above, like tbat
which kindled tbe sacrifices ol ancient saints.
This growing nsefulness gives ground for
our expectations, betokening tbe dawning
radiance of a better day. A new humanity
is rising to view. Homes will be happier,
because hearts will be pnrer. Charity and
sympathy, goodness In varied forms will
flow in streams ail over the wide plains of
life, freighted, like tbe rivers of California,
with gold tbo best wealth of hearts tbat
draw tbelr supplies from the perennial foun
tains of God's grace.
Tbe first Napoleon, drawing up his troops
for battle ou the plains of Egypt, within
sight of tbe Pyramids, pointed to those
monuments or antiquity, and said: "From
the top. of those Pyramids forty centuries
behold you." These suggestive words gave
to tbe romantic minds of bis Frenchmen un
impulse to unusual valor. We are inspired
to action by the thought, not that to many
dead centuries lie behind us, which we
know to be ages of wickedness, bnt rather
that so many inviting prosjiccts, opening
into grander scenes and better days, beckon
ns to push on In the line of duty, and with
closed ranks to hasten, by what we do, the
coming glory. It Is our privilege, to-day, to
thank our Heavenly Father, not fur personal
benefits only, so many, so rich Id blessing,
but for tbe age, its civilization and religion,
and for tbe fuller bounty already ou the way
to us. Let us not lose the enthusiasm of
hope, but rather enlarge our expectations,
for the hand of Him who Is saving the world
is opening wide to pour down unstinted
benefactions. Go up wltb gladness, on this
festive day, into the watch-tower of faith,
for the white winged fleet of a world's full
salvation is even now In the offing, loaded
down witb all tbe treasures, for wbicb tbe
suffering millions ofonr globe bave pined so
AtllHAL SaOACITT AT ME NoBTn PoLI.
According to tbe Esquimaux, the seal con
structs iu habitation beneath the surface of
the ice in such a manner that tt can enter it
from tbe water below ; here the young seal
passes its infancy, and when thereturningheat
of summer bas destroyed its igloo, or dwelling,
the young seal is tjd enough to take care of
itself; but this mode of lodging its young be
neath the ice is well known to tbe bear, whs
with Its keen teent tobn deteets the where
abouts of the seal's nursery, and in order to
gain an entranco tbe bear, retiring a short dis
tance, makes a spricg and conies down with
all his weight on the roof of tbe igloo, crushes
it in, and immediately seizes the young seal
with its paw. Here it might he snppoted the
hungry bear at ones devours its piey : bat no,
it is far to wary to do so, it knows full well
that where a, babe is there must of necessity
be a mother, and tbat she will he in search of
her darling; therefore the bear scrapes away
the snow from tbe test bole, and holding tbs
young teal by the flipper, allows it to flounder
about, and when tbe mother approaches, tbo
bear slyly draws the young teal toward it nn-
till tbe old one ti witnia reacn. wnen oe seuta
her with tbe other paw, and thus captures
both. Tbe mode in which the bear captures
the leal on the iee is very similar to tbat fol
lowed bv tbe Esquimaux. When atadiitance
from the seal, the bear throws itself down and
stealthily crawls or hitches along toward tbs
seal, and if the seal looks up it lies perfectly
still and makes, at the same time, a noise which
lulls the seal; the bear repeats the operation
until it approaches its victim so near that es
cape is impossible, when it falls a prey to
ilruln f appetite. Anotner moao oi ooiaining
food by the bear is to watch from a clhT tbs
movements of the walrus, who are fond of
sunning themselves on the roeks, and when
one of these bas taken upaconrenient position
for the bear's purpose, the latter lifts a large
piece of rock, and, witb astonishing accuracy,
throws it down on tbs animal's head. If th
walrns is only stunned, tbs bear rashes down,
and witb the rock hammers its victim on the
head until it is dead. When attempting to
capture a seal in water, the bear sinks its body
beneath the surface ol ins sea, leaving only
the head above water, which resembles a piece
of filiating ice; when tbe seal raises its bead
above the surface. Brain quietly sinks, and
swimming under tbe seal, seises it. J llvitr ti
Disappeaua5Ce or Tac Coro.ia. The dls-
rappearance of the star Tau Corona has excited
- i i.,. jr. is.-. , t..l. ...
C'JUSlUCiavuio uukuiiivu vu lira jm uu.v
this heavenly body bas been consumed by fire,
or, by increasing its distance from tbs earth,
baa only vanished from the sight of terrrestri
al observers. On the latter point it Is stated
that recent calculations show that tbe sua and
the star Sirins are receding from each otherat
tbe rate of 29 4 miles per second, and it is as
serted tbat this famous star will gradually be
come dimmer and dimmer, and willeventually
entirely vanish from human sight, unless the
power in the lenses of telescope in time will
have been au greatly increased tbat astronomers
will be able to investigate mora minutely lata
the now distant and Invisible stellar sysissai,
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