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TEE OOYERBIEXT PRESS.
WEDOsEDAY, MAY 4, 1870.
A. fnTS has been Appointed Eh cliff of
TiTiiih, jshc f Jared E. Emilh, temporarily
Stxmies H. Fsiixirs.
Tin iiij tujuift 6See, I
Qiueiabl3Bfwray abrnm ef the Sheriffof Muni,
ainnXawai, s of WaBcku, Deputy Eber-
aC,niWMni aS the tunics of the office.
ETrrarz n. Pnimrs
OperEng- of the Legislative
"atom IrsitJtUtve Assembly was open-
el TUB Jluestv at tLe Court Kouse
3ffnjura left tlio Palace tinder a
"sJUKmlmmTaach Bowl and.from H. I
A. 2d- ifcift Dmhiu and 17. S. Sloop-
mTi JestWB. He was attended
Iff !Sk Obciasberkan and staff, and the
&e Omander-In-CLief, and
ay tie On rain- under the
C Major C. H. Judd. At
aim Ctoft Basse, the HonseLold troops
M title vwwiluur military organiza
mum drawn ap in dress parade.
Ke iMo.TUr -was Tecoived at the en
MMt af -fbe Coert Eonse by tbe
C3 w 35itii A otb and escorted bv them
Hm i i miiiMj room. On tbe Judge's
placed the tbrone chair,
nith BMntieand supnort-
tAmm lirtun side by the Boyal Kahilis.
Mm 3fayB0tr, Dowager Qneen Ka
kaMfaai her Majesty, Dowager Queen
wdi tfce Afiifi of tbe Kingdom
Ac If co of Xoblos were seated
erqgbt, tbe Hoese of Bepresenta
i m Croat, mmd tbe Minister Itesi
. T Ac United States, H. I. M's
sad Coosnl, tbe Captain
. I-It. mmd A. M. sbip Donau. and of
iC S.2kMp-of-war Jamestown, tbe
Corps aad officers of tbe
war m port, on tbe left.
"JBetfer feriBc: been offered up by
lie, the Bishop of Honolulu,
addressed tbe Xoblcs and
ves, f peaking as follows :
2fcum -&x Hum esext a ttves :
J5jio Ae prorogation of tbe last Leg
it kw pleated Almighty God
Me tie best of fathers,
bis lifetime, the wisest
oaost discreet of Councilors, and
I as tow President, was always
hf ym. Ibis has been a be-
: for tbe Xation as well as for
A Jong and varied lifo has
peace and honor. Let
tas bt ilmoftM for bis example. You
i bis memory ever fresh ;
i fee?t -wish I can have for you
I mmx ever preserve tbe re-
; ef bis precepts, and follow
i of bis pure patriotism.
; Ae Jest two years, My people
IB xaatcrial prosperit
'ObojK Bve seen abundant, and markets
3i ets as if, by Ocean lines of
sr situation in mid ocean is
urn fee taraed to our advantage.
lit fneition of aid to Oceanic and
SBBBT-Irfcuid Steamers bag occupied tbe
'uttumuiipf My Govemment, and again
BaMnwix yoar careful consideration. I
!tfieau&r osmmend to your fostering
care, rt a coamnnication between the
3tiiAtBieviBg that liberality, in this
TOypt,is tbe wisest economy.
tkr reUliotis with all Foreign Gov
euimeats are most satisfa ctory. I ha ve
BBaA3ed a Commercial Treaty with
Hbo Treaty of Reciprocity, which
TasTseg4iated -with tbe Executive Gov
nmnitK. m tbe United States, is still
fefftre'ibe Senate of that country.
Uke Board of Immigration has endea
imei'fB oxecste tbe will of tbe Legis
SaBBra, as expressed in its last session,
-sA wtgard to immigrants from tbe
IVijiBesaa Islands. But after two cx
pediuoas, it Las become evident that
a iseasHsrable or permanent increase
43C pepslation can be expected from
3ibe Bopext of My Minister of tbe
Iaeiir 'wiM show you that an extraor
;3BArv expenditure bas been deemed
seaeessrr by tbe Board of Health.
The bealtb of tbe people is nn object
lie greatest solicitude to Me, and I
-CEEszaend to your careful consideration
tie la ease res adopted by tbe Board,
sad request that you will give this mat-
Nobles and Repuesestatives :
In summoning you-agannto the.per-
formance of your responsible duties,!
rely- with implicit confidence uponiyour
wisdom and patriotism, and pray"most
earnestly that He, in whose hand ure
all the nations of the earth, may guide
your councils, and preserve Our King
dom for a bnghftutunfy.
We' do now dedans the iLpgiBlature
of thcKingdom opened. -
At the" conclusion of the address,'His
Majesty retired to tbe Chambers of
the Chancellor, and shortly- afterwards
returned to the Palace with His escort.
A large number of lSdies and gentle
men were present to witness the cere
monies nt the opening, and the streets
were filled with people.
The Assembly was called to order by
the Clerk of the former Assembly, R.
H. Stanley, Esq. Onjnotion of His Ex
cellency tbe Attorney General, the As
sembly adjourned without organizing
until Monday at 11 a.m.
The following gentlemen are members
of the Legislative Assembly of 1870:
IL IL, W. C. Lunalilo; their Excellen
cies P. Kahaolelua, P. Kanoa, J. O. Dom
inis; Hons. Messrs. C. R. Bishop, C.
Kanama; D. ITalakaua, W. P. Kamakau,
IL Ivahami, P. Y. Kaeo their Excellen
cies, F. W. Hutchison, C. C. Harris, J.
Mott Smith, S. H Phillips; Hons. Messrs.
JL R. Hitchcock, D. B- "Wahine, C. J.
Lyons, J. W. Knmahoa, G. W. D. Hale-
manu, G. AY. Pilipo, S. K. Kaai, W. T.
Martin, S. M. Kamakau, IL Tliompson, E.
JL J5oyd, S. P. Kalama, J. Komoikehu
ehu, S. M. Xaukana, J. L. Xaili, C. H.
Judd, M. Ivapihe, "Y. II. Kaauwai, N.
Kajwikai, A. Hopu, L. Aholo, Y. Hana-
ike, D. Kahaulelio, D. W. Kaiue, J. Ka
luapihaole, S. K. Kuapnu, W. IL Rice,
and D. Kaukaha.
le:itli or i lie lion, .lohn II.
Serxoar gravest attention.
JnsSce continues to be administered,
sslbe&cve, ably and impartially.
Tie "work of Education has been
jirosecnted with zeal, fidelity, and suc
cess. Tbe Appropriation of tbe last
XTilitcre Las been used with impar
tia$iy, and as far as I have been able
o1esrB.lo tbe satisfaction of all.
Tie Finances of the Kingdom still
xcassin in a prosperous condition.
The Honorable John Ii, a member of
the House of Xobles ever since its first or
ganization, and a member of the Privy
Council, died on Monday last, at his resi
dence in this city, aged G8 years, he hav
ing been born in the year 1802, atVaipio,
Ewa, on this island. 'When about eight
years old, he was brought to Honolulu
and placed under the care of his mother's
brother, Papa, who was a JTahu of Ivame
baineha First and Second.
He was one of a number of bovs ap
pointed by Kamehamcha L to be compan
ions and playmates for his son and heir,
Liholiho or Kamehamcha IL
Upon the arrival of the missionaries in
1 820, or soon after, being about 20 years
old, he was sent by Liholiho, with other
pupils to learn English, at a school under
the tuition of the Rev. Mr. Bingham, where
he was a constant attendant, until educa
tion was commenced in the Hawaiian lan
guage, lie then became a teacher ot his
countrymen, and successively an assistant
translator to Mr. Bingham, an attendant
upon Kamehamcha IH, a Councilor, etc."
In 1830, upon the arrival of La Place,
he was one of the hostages sent on board
to comply with the demands of the Admi
ral, and while there, taking with him his
bible and hymn book, excited the admira
tion on board by his gentlemanly and
christian deportment. At the consulta
tions of the Chiefs, his place was .seldom
vacant during the whole period of Chief
tain rule ; and when the Government was
formed, he was appointed to be a member
of the Treasury Boardj of the-Privy Coun
cil, and at length the Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court. He was appointed
by the House of Nobles one of the Com
missioners, selected by three estates of the
Kingdom, for the purpose of drafting the
Constitution of 1852.
At the birth of the Princess Victoria in
1839, he, with his wife Sarai, was trusted
with the care of the infant, aud exercised
the functions of guardian during her mi
nority. As Judge, his deportment was dignified,
and although not versed in the intricacies
of the law as administered in foreign coun
tries, he well understood the common law
of the Hawaiian Islands, and extended a
happy influence upon litigants, for the
promotion of true justice, in all cases that
came before him.
As a christian, during nearly fifty years,
his example and influence were such as to
secure the love and confidence of his fel
low church members, and when unable to
aid longer in government affairs, he retired
to his land at Ewa, where he exercised
the functions of a minister of the gospel
until a short time before his death.
A European Trarcler'n Account of a
Xrlp over Ilairaii.
Dr. Beratz, the German naturalist, returned to
Honolulu on tbe 17th insU, from a scientific tour
over the Island of Hawaii, where he spent more
than four months in observations and researches
of various kinds, connected with the geology and
archaeology of the .Hawaiian Gronp. Our world
renowned (or what ought to be so.) Crater of
Kilanea was visited several times, and each time
with renewed interest Manna Kea and Mnuuj
Loa were ascended, and the crater of Mokoarcco
weo, on the top of the latter, was examined; and
the Valley of Waimanu, beyond Waipio, in 11a
makua, of whose came very few residents of
these Islands are even aware, and which is never
visited by foreign travelers was visited and ex
plored, and its stupendous waterfalls described.
Leaving aside the purely scientific portion of
the Doctor's observations, we have been permit
ted to make the following extracts from his jour
nal and memoranda, which, we think, will attract
the attention of, and be perused with interest by
" Struck by the grandeur of the scene which
opens before us, when we look. down into the sea
of boiling lava, or approach the. cones discharging
columns of fire, liquid mineral and clouds of
smoke, the scientific observer is loth to part from
There we stand at a vent of the central fire
which burns ia tho interior of our planet ; there
wo see tho formation of rocks from liquid matter
going on before our eyes ; there, wo are allowed
to look into the great work-shop of nature. The
impression is overwhelming. The longer we look
at the action ot tins great craler ine more wo
get spell-bound, as it were, to the spot, and the
longer we want to stay, now Email a man feels,
how insignificant and - helpless, when walking
alone through that vast abyss, destitute pi all
orsanic life, black and earnest,'like an immense
There is only a thin crust which separates us,
nn these Islands, from the red-not lava of the
central fire underneath, nut io'wn on the floor of
the crater of Kilanea there are only a few feet.
(sometimes only inches,) between us and it.
Numerous caves and temporarily extinct cones
irivo the naturalist a fair chance to collect lava
specimens of the rarest and most exquisite kinds,
and , in any variety of form and color. Hunting
for such specimens, it sometimes happened that
irrespirable gases and extreme heat, breaking
through fissures and blow-holes of those caves,
stopped our mining instantly, and obliged us to
leave the place with the greatest haste. It re
peatedly occurred that the stick which we used
to break off specimens in tbe fissures, caught fire
and burned briskly. On our visits to the crater,
we saw three very active lakes of fire, throwing
up the liquid mineral in immense waves, and with
It is sometimes difficult to approach the cones
on account of the sulphurous gases which they
discharge; but when near them, the aspect, is
grand beyond description. Dense clouds of
smoke rush through the tops of those cones, and,
with tbe noise of a breathing monster, a quantity
of red-hot lava is thiown up in the air every
three to five minutes. There are. generally, one
or two largo holes or fissures on tbe side of tbe
cone, through which the flames break out in sud
den jets. During tbe intervals, we are sometimes
allowed to look through those blow-holes down
into a sea of white-heat fire. Such a phenomenon
as this crater has no equal in Europe or America.
Vesuvius and Etna are small and insignificant
after we have seen the Hawaiian Kilaueo.
Following tbe fissures and cracks which, run
ning rrom tbe volcano in a southwesterly direc
tion, point in a straight line to Keaiwa, near
Kapapah, we come to a mountain-spur of Manna
Loa, whose face and top felt down daring the
stormy days in April, 18G8. It was the time
when the whole Island of Hawaii was trembling
and shaking to its very foundation, from tbe
pressure of volcanic gases aud tbe increased
amonnt of lava in fusion, seeking an outlet to
the surface. This was a land-slide on the largest
scale, combined with n largo body of water stored
up in tbe heart of the mountain, of wbicb tbe
water-marks still remain on its broken surface.
This land slide erroneously called a "mnd-flow"
:broko loose when the immense body of lava,
coming seventeen miles, under ground, from Ki
lanea, passed under tbe mountain. The whole of
Kau District was' at that time in a state of con
stant concussion the ground waving like the
ocean, and the bills sensibly moving and many
of the frightened people experienced a sensation
like that of sea-eickness. During the heaviest of
tbe shocks, the entire side of tbe moutain-spur
broke off; the' larje body or water within it
mingled with soil, climpers, rocks, trees.and fem3
ith the whole mass, as onemixtumcomposilttm
was thrown down more than a thousand feet,
with incredible velocity. Its own weight anu tbe
pressure from behind forced it down three miles
over the plain of Kapapala.
Grand was the sight, but not less sad and
melancholy, when tbe lava-flow of 1868, at Ka-
huku, first appeared to us in the distance. Like
a monstrous black serpent, lay the shining and
glistening flow of new lava, spread out for miles
over an extensive plain. Tbe nearer we cape,
tbe larger the monster grew, until we stood upon
the vast field of destruction, of terror, and death.
Like an immense river of fire, the red-hot mass
came down from tbe bills in tbe rear, with furious
speed and infernal noise, throwing down and
crushing everything before it. lint a moment.
and tbe wood-crowned hills were On fire, valleys
filled up, Julia leveled, houses swept away, and a
large number of cattle perished miserably. It
was tbe work of one night which destroyed the
beautiful pasture, land of Kahuku, and trans
formed it into a silent desert.
We visited the different parts of this scene of
destruction. The lava crackles under the trav
eler's feet like fresh snow. Its glassy, shining
surface breaks into dust wherever we step on it.
Having followed( the main stream, which dis
charged itself into the sea near the south cape ot
IJawaiirand after visiting tbe other three branches
.of which tbe flow consists, we are able to form
an idea of the dimensious, and tbe amount of
liquid .mineral discharged by this, the latest erup
tion o-j Hawaii. For one mile in width, and ten
miles in length, with a varying depth of from
five to one hundred feet, nothing but one con
tinuous, mass of black lava 1
Examining this flow, we come to a most re
markable place. Bushing down the hills, tbe
flowing lava came to a precipice, down which the
liquid mineral fell in a shower of fire about one
hundred feet wide, and eighty to ninety feet
deep. As the lava cooled in falling, the cascade
became formed, and there it stands to the present
day, like a petrified waterfall a strange and n.ag-
nificent sight its hardened wave3 and folds of
every description giving it, in tbe sunshine, tbe
appearance of a gigantic curtain of black, heavy
silk. Tbe basin beneath shows waves and con
centric lines ; and further down, where the lava
found nn outlet, after having filled up the de
pression, its flaw is short and broken, resembling
tbe rapids of a river.
Ascending to the source of this lava-flnw, we
found large cracks twenty to thirty feet wide,
extending down tbe bills for about two miles.
Through these, and a number of chimneys, still
discharging hot vapors, all tbe destructive mate
rial of the last lava-flow was forced out, and not
from any regular crater.
Hawaii is pre-eminently the place to study
earthqaakes. lava-flows, and volcanic rocks and
action. ' All these phenomena are found in a
cornparativcly small area. Every rock tells 03 a
part of the history of the island ; and every port
of tbe island has its own history. It is quite
certain that, as tbe whole group of tbe Hawaiian
Islands was formed at different periods by vol
canic action, traveling from northwest to south-
.east, so tbe most active part of Hawaii is, at tbe
present day, on the southeast side of that Island.
The Districts of Kohala and Uamakua, includ
ing Manna Kea, show on older age in their
geological formation, than any other part of
Hawaii. Kau and Puna are the most unfinished.
ItwouId not, therefore, be surprising if tbe vol
canic action should still advance on its way, and
a new island rise frbnf the Eeatb'lhe southeast of
Having visited, in our travels, some of the
highest mountains of Europe and America,, we
could not resist the temptation to ascend the J
Hawaiian giants Manna Loa and Manna Kea.
Although we bad heard much from different par
ties about' the long and tcdioes ascent of Manna
Loa, and the difficulties as regards health and
respiration at such a high elevation, we prepared
ourselves, with a good supply of provisions, water,
pack-mules, and everything necessary, and started,
with our guides, from Kapapala, on Tuesday,
January 11th. Judge Hitchcock, of Hilo, was
kind enough to join us.and, being well acquainted
be compared in somo respects to tho valley of
Yaimanu, the glory of Hawaii. Qnly slowly
could we descend the zigzag path, of this lofty
precipice. The scattered native houses in the
valley below looked like ant hills from above.
At' the entrance of the valley, wo noticed the re-'
mains of a big Ileiau. On top of the massive
walls of this ancient heathen temple, a number of
with the country, took the lead of our little ex- native houses have been bnilt.with a little church
pedition. ' I among them. Ine whole ..population of the val
The vegetation on Manna Loa is not yery lev doe3 not ceed forty persons. Ucautiiul
luxuriant, Want of -water is'one of the' pnnci- whl,e KnPa Is manufactured in almost every
pal causes. Traveling all day over rather rough house. We found the natives to be.a finojook.
ground, partly overgrown with Ohia, 3Iamani, ,Do people, kind and intelligent.
nnd Koa, we encamped that night at'' the upper Un onr acent to the top or .Manna Kea, we
line of the forest, nt an elevation of nearly 10.000 VISlte l"B l'1"" lake, called Waiau, situated at
feet. .With wood enough toleep a fire burning nn elevation of .circa 12,000 feet, in a depression
all night at the entrance of onr tent, we found formed between- the-numerous -snow.-, -covered
the night cool but pleasant, with the thermome- peaks of the monntain. Tho lako was covered
ter at 58 Fahrenheit. Next morning bavin? 0Ter with a crest of ice, two to three inches
breakfasted before davbreak. we left Inn pnmn. thick, but not strong enough to skate upon. To
ment when the first licht of dawn struck the
upper mountain regions. It was a glorious morn
ing. The son rose over a sea of silver-clouds
lying below ns, like a belt all round the mountain
Onr mnles carried ns safely higher and higher,
over climpers and hvvflows, over hills and valleys,
passing precipices jaad dangerous passages of
various kinds. About noon, we reached the
edge of the plateau which forms the top of Manna
Loa, where we left our animals, and proceeded
on foot through the desert of rocks which covers
the top of the mountain. We traveled over a
largo flat, many mile?, in extent, with sharp-point
ed climpers of enormous size, scattered about in
the wildest confusion. Our advance was neces
sarily slow and wearisome, but by-persevering.
we reached, about 1 o clock p. h., the edge of
Mokuaweoweo a crater of nearly the size of
Kilanea, and at an elevation of 13,500. feet
The most remarkable spot we ever visited in
our travels, is this mountain top of Mauna Loa.
The stillness of tbe place, the purity of the at
mosphere, tbe brightness of the sunshine, a per
fect ocean of light, the total absence of all vege
table and animal life, and tbe enormons crater
before ns, awakened sensations and thoughts of a
deep nature in all of us. It Was a Sabbath hour
spent in that seldom visited spot.
From the depth of the crater of Moknaweoweb,
vapors were rising at different places, but we
could not see any lava of recent date, at least,
not fresh enough to have been in connection with
the last out-break of Kilauea. It can be said
with certainty,, that this summit crater of Mauna
Loa, did not contain any liquid lava at the time
of tlie' latest eruption. The temperature at the
top of .Mauna Loa was 58 Fahrenheit in the
sunshine, whereas, in the shade, in a large fissure
running down into tbe crater, it wa3 at tte freez
ing point. Standing at the edge of tbe crater,
one seeTnothing of the island or the sea, except
the snow covered peaks of Mauna Kea. The
plateau being so extensive, it gives the too of
Mauna Loa its own- horizon. Returning over the
flat, the writer of this took a different direction
from the rest of the party. Following the edge
of the crater for some distance, he came to a place
where pieces of firewood and coal, and a broken
poi-pounder indicated .the site of an old encamp
ment, thence, crossing tho flat to rejoin the
party and keeping an entirely southern course,
he found a new route by which all the difficulties
of the one by which we bad approached tho cra
ter were avoided ; so easy and free from danger,
mat even laaies wno uave courage enougb to nn
dertake the ascent of the mountain, may do so
with perfect safety, and arrive at the crater with
out alighting from their horses -
Descending the mountain, we were taueht the
lesson" that "going down is not' done an quicker
than going up. Darkness overtook us, ere we
had reached tbe line of vegetation. It became
Very chilly, and night closed in upon a desert of
black lava rocks, fo grass nor shrubnor a par
ticle of wood to kindle a fire with could be found.
The animals stopped of their own accord, unable
to see tbeir way. Finally, the moon rose, and
her-gentje light -guided the:wearied travelers
among the rocks safely back, to their encamp
Having so far only referred to rocks, lava-flows
and the destruction by volcanic action, I feel it
a duty to say a few words about the romance and
beauty of scenery and vegetation, in many paru
of Hawaii. It is a remarkable fact that, with
every thousand feet of elevation, the features of
the country and character of the climate appear
different." In fact." every clima'to on the'facb o"f
the globe may be found on the .Island of Hawaii
Equatorial heat at Kawailne and along tbe sea
beach of Kona, snow and ice at the top of Mauna
Loa and .the peaks of 3Iacna Kea. In the! dis
trict ot Hilo, we find the most luxuriant vegeta
tion. Virgin forests, ferns of every. descrintion.
gigantic in size, beautiful and graceful in appear-
once, delight tbe traveler on every side'. 'Hun
dreds of streams of fresh water coining down
from the high lands and mountains, enliven the
scenery and the roarof cascades resounds through
tbe valleys. There the landscape painter may
find many subjects; for his pencil, and valuable
suggestions for his studio.
Passing through - Puna, along' the shore, we
travel for days through extensive cocoa-nut
groves. Many a tradition of ancient Hawaiian
gods, (all of wit and humor, derives from Puna,
and its shady, groves. Leaning their beads to
gether, as if whispering1 about olden times, tbe
tall trees wave to and fro in tbe evening breeze.
Few travelers visit Puna, ign'oiant of what they
miss by the omission.
The climate of Kobala arid Uamakua is most
pleasant, and that of tbe latter remarkable for its
equability. A sufficiency of soil offers great ad
vantages to cultivation in both districts. There
is hardly a fruit in tbe world which could not be
raised in that part'of Hawaii.
Waipio Valley is highly praised by all travel
ers who have visited it. There is another valley
in tbe north west corner of Uamakua, fairer still,
but very little known, and hardly ever visited by
travelers. It is the valley of Waimanu. Excel
ling in beauty and grandeur of scenery, this valley
surpasses everything that can be seen on Hawaii.
It is out.of.tbe way. A somewhat 'difficult, per
haps even dangerous little monntain path, is the
only communication by land coming from Waipio.
On leaving Waipio, we ascend the steep pali over
a thousand feet high, up which the path to Wai
manu leads in zigzag lines. After four hours
ride, and having passed some twelve gulches with
most luxuriant vegetation every one a picture
by itself we arrive at the brink of an almost per
pendicular precipice, below which lies tbe valley
of Waimanu. at a depth of at least eighteen hun
dred feet. This valley is only half the width of
Waipio valley say a good rifle-shot wide. Look
ing at the opposite side of I be valley, a marvel
ous sight attracted our attention. It was a water
fall with a large body of water precipitating itself
find ice in the tropics strikes the traveler with
surprise, and here we feel inclined to play with
it like children.
Abont a mile below that frozen lake, we found
a large cavo, where the Hawaiians in olden times
manufactured their stone implements for cutting
down trees and excavating canoes. On our sec
ond visit to these mountain regions, we discov
ered a number of caves, all formerly used for sim
ilar purposes. These caves were undoubtedly in
habited in former days. In every one we found
a fire-place near the entrance, showing that the
hands of men bad completed what nature bad left
unfinished. Where the natural entrance to a
cave was ,100 large, we found rocks piled up like
a wall and- the, .fissures and openings between
them filled up with chips and small stones. In
other caves again where the entrance had proved
too steep or too rough to be comfortable, there.
flat stones had been placed liko steps, down
which we descended into these little mountain
habitations. This part of the mountain where
these caves and the quarries from which the ma
terial for the adze manufacture was procured are
situated is destitute of vegetation. On exami
ning the interior of the caves, we found pieces of
Kapa of various texture and color, bones of dogs
and pigs, cocoanut-shells, banana-stems, pieces of
awa-root, and sugar cane, old mats, firewood and
heaps of Opibi shells. Outside of tbe caves, the
ready made stone adzes were put up in large
heaps on both side3 of tbe entrance.
Tbe most striking thing of this whole stone
adze manufactory, and which at the same time
somewhat of an idea of the extent to
which it was carried on, the number of ages
daring which it was continned, and the amonnt
of people working constantly at jt, are the large
mound3 of little chips, thin and -sharply pointed,
in front of every cave, twenty to:thirty feet in
height and thickness. In fact, these wonderful
mounds, visible for some distance, led to the dis
covery of the other caves.
It .is only a short time since tho " stone age "
of these, islands closedjand the first iron tools and
metal instruments were imported by foreigners.
Until then the Hawaiians'worked like'the abori
gines of other parts of the1 world," and like our
own Tndd-German fore-fathers, with stone'imple
ments. Flint arrow-heads and spear-heads, stone
knives and war-clubs are found in Europe and
America, sometimes buried deep in tbe ground,
with human bones and those .of extinct animals.
The more peaceful Hawaiians had only 'stone
adzes. ' - -
The climate round Mauna Kea and on tbe high
lands of Hawaii is most magnificent. TTever too
hot and never too cold, it is exceedingly pleasant
and invigorating, tho fresh mountain air-acting as
a tonic on our system. The nights are cool and
refreshing, the mornings glorious. The tempera
ture of airand water, makes us forget entirely that
we live jn the tropics. We consider the Waimea
plains, Kaleiaha and some other isolated settle
ments round Mauna Kea, as the. most healthy lo-
calities'On Hawaii." There we livo in the tropics
without being' molested with ono inconvenience
of tropical life.
It is a pity that Hawaii is so little known, and
not more visited by foreigners. Many a man .
tired and worn out by the attendance on business
and tbo fatigufng life In cities, could improve bis
health more by a visit to these islands, anda'toof
on Hawaii, than by a long stny-at u fashionable
watering place, and large hotels. The Polynesian
wcrld, perfectly new to the foreigner, has so many
pleasant featnres, that with restoration of health,
people would regain that elasticity of mind nad
spirit which becomes more or Ies3 lost'in tbe mo
notony of business and of a city fife,!"
JOHANN MARIA FARINA
Thr Undersigned, has Just Received
An Invoice of the above Celebrated Article
'"'in IVickcr Cnscd Mottles,
Of qts. pts. and bf. ptf.
Warranted the Best Article ever
ALSO, A FINE LOT OP
Tooth, Nail, Hair and Clothes Brashes,
Florida Water, Murry & Lanman'i,
Easenee of Roses,
, ..- ,-Eneace Bouquet,- Toilet Vine jar, .-
Celebrated Golden Oil !
And I.J1 IVoblcMMC Pomade !
; - .is
In fact Everything in the above. Line,
ALSO, A FINE ASSORTMENT OF
I XL Pocket Cutlery
RAZORS, SCISSORS, AND DIRKS.
The Genuine Emerson Razor Strap
Warranted Good or to bs returned.
Also, on Hand,
And Just the Thing now -wanted
rgpj A FEW VERT CHOICE Jjjjfe
Saratoga Trunks !
loir Prices unl Inrge Sizes.
SOLE LEATHER TRUNKS
VALISES, CARPET BAGS,
PONCHOS, UMBRELLAS and VELVET RUGS,
The Bent Assortment of 'L' '
GENT'S PUENISHTNG GOODS
IN THE TOWN.
Everything from a Lisle Thread Sock to a
Wliltc IVccU Tie.
MY DAVIS, & JONES': SHIRTS,
. Aro the Beit and Cheapest in the Market.
i. : '.
A few more left of those
SrrHEJIE COTJIIT or the lUnmHan lalnntt.
In tbe nutter of the EnUto of LUDTIO II. ANT1I0N
decnuetl.-am! la the nutter of SOPIIC3 ANTHON. CHAR
LES AXTMnr, 3URY ANTIIO.V, and SOPHIA. ANTHOS,
nilaor. Before tbe Hon. Alfred IIrtirtIl AMOciafL.Jos-
l . t !. t:.. ' - ,
uw vi iu. uvfi rui. uvui i.
On renting and filing the petition of, Theodore C tlenck.
I gnarajan or the- ui4
Adratnbtntor nTthe'eatd Estate, ami i
minors, prajtng that a day may be appointed tor the pqrpcee
of enabling petitioner to pan hla aceonnti In both aald
It U ordered that WEDNESDAY, the 2Sth day of May cur
rent at 10 o'clock, A. 3!., be, and the tame la hereby appoint
ed fx- tbe hearing of tho aaid petition, ami that notice thereof
be giTcn by publishing in tbe IUwili Onrrri newspaper
published in Uonolnlu for three consecntlT weeks.
ALTRED S. HAItTWEIX
Justice of Supreme Courts.
Attest: L.McCcur. Clerk.
Dated Honolulu, ilay 2, 1870. lMt
SUPREME COURT of the Hawaiian Islands,
In Trobate. In the matter or the Estate ot ritESTO.V
CUSIMIKOi?, deceased, before the Hon. A. S. IlartveU,
First Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, In Chambers,
On the filing of. the' petition of XT. C June. Administrator
de Umit nan, herein stating that he hd folly administered
Upon said estate, paid all the dehta thereof, cleared the."-
tate of all Incnmberancea and asking for a final settlement of
his aeconnts and a discharge from said Administration. It ia
ordered by tbe Court that Wedceaday, the 6th day of .June
be fixed for the hearing of said petition, at 10 o'clock A. V,
before the Hon. Alfred S. IUrtwelt, Justice as aforesaid, at
the Court Home In Honolulu, and that publication thereof
be made for at least three weeks succeeelfelT In the rtawauis
Gasetti and Ke Au Okoa newspnpejs, notifying all persona
Interested to appear at the time anil place aforesaid and show
cause why the prayer of the petitioner should not be granted.
ALt KED S. 1IAKTH
Jnstice of Supreme Court."
Attest: U. McCniT, Clerk.
Dated Honolulu, II. I. Aprtl27.1S70. 18-tt
. , J J
TOBACCO AND PIPES'!
Has Just Eeceived from Hamburg
r . Jly.the Kn Moi;
DIRECT FR0JI THE MASUFACTURERS,
Finest Assortment of Cigars.
liTcr Imported into
OFFERS AT REASONABLE ' KATES I
Superior Ass't of Tobacco & Pipes
To which he calls specie attention of ah IoTen'!
of tie WEED. . '.'
II. I. NOLTE.
J. NOTT & CO.,
ZEPiraotiorj 1 Brnzlers,
COi'l'EU Ac TIN SMITHS, make every de
scription of work in their line, need on Planta
tions' or eliewbere. Tbey aUo keep on hand a full
Sheet Copper, Sheet Tin, ,
Sheet Lead, Sheet Iron,
Iron Wire, Copper Wire,
Soft A Brass Solder, Fail Ears,
Pressed Socket Corers,
Black and Tinned Rivets,
Copper Rivets, ete.
Also on hand, a few more of
THOSE SPIiESDID COOKIXQ STOVES,
Received, by tbe "6jren,"
" Cotton Plant" and Gray Jackets," together
from that fifindous h'elgnt, abbbtamile higher oseful in the Kitchen, jar Work on Bnildings,
sucb as gutters, spouts, water-pipes, Ac. Ship-work
will meet with prompt attention at No. 9,Kaahumtnn
np Aha ,Ta!lej-, we. perceived another cascsjJe of I
the same 'size anff height. These are the most I
wonderful and grandest falls we ever" raw. The
upper part coming down as one solid bod bf
water, the lower part toucbiBg slightly the moun
tain side spreads over the rocks like a silver Teil.
Only Tosemite valley in the Sierra Nevada can
MB.. GEORGE W. MACFARLANE. U anthoj-.
ixed to sign aj, name by procuration, after this
date. THEO. II. DAVIES.
Honolulu, April 5th; 1S70. 12-lm.
Which every one should have, there being bnt
a few more Pairs left, 70a will dorwell to
come quick or you are sure to
XADIES', MISSES' & CHILDREN'S
BOOTS and SHOES!
PINE CALF DRESS BOOTS.
IVciv Invoice oi" Neck Tien.
:.. . -- ,av
Silk, Cotton, Wool and Linen Undenhirt.
. Socks, Hats and Ties, ,'
SMITH 'AND WESSON'8 REVOLVERS,
IN DRY GOODS!
Will be found
Sheetings, Drillings, , .. , -
Tickings nnd Denirhs; ' )j
. Piece 'Linen, ' '
Lawns anil Muslinsi
.in,,- ' . .. '
Bleached Cotton, 1 .yd. wide.
And a Few
Pieces, very Superior Stylish Prints,
Shaker Flannel Undershirts and
Drawers, both "white and
scarlet all sizes.
All Uic above axe oflerfl at the
Lowest Market Rates
LIBERAL DISCOUNT FOR CASH.
SlTTt till l.,..
Corner of Port and McrchantStreets.
SUPUCMK COURT or the IUvralUu Ulnndu
In th mutter of tbo EiUte of THANK E. C. KRUQEK.
dtcMsnl, before tli Hon. Alfred S. JIixtwelL, AuocUto
Jnatlce of the Supreme Court.
On reading ud nilax too petition oi lArsmrec iirager,
widow of the said deceMed, prayfaff that day may be ap
pofnted for enabling Tbeodorp C lleuck, who la abont to leate
tbe Kingdom, to mm his acconnta a Administrator Of the
said Estate, and that on tbe passing thereof he may be dis
charged rrom tne sam cmce or Administrator and anotoer
person appointed thereto In his sttd aod also praying that a
crjardlan of the property cf Johanna Sarah, Franx Jallna
Wilhelm, Hermann tfiimm, and Margaret Loul. Krnger, In
fant children of the peUUoder' add me said. deceased should
be appelated by this Court.
It is ordered that WEDJf ISDA1 the 25th day of May Inst,
at 10 o'clock, A. M-, be appointed for the hearing of the said
petition, and that the Clerk of tho Supreme Court giro notice
thereof lu the IlaWaXMX GiUTTE, published In tbe city of
Honolulu for three cons-cntlte weeks,
ALTRKD S, UAimVELL,
Jnstice cf Supreme Court.
Attest: TTiLrra U. StiL, Deputy Clerk.
Dated at Honolulu, II. I. May 2, 1S70. 16?t
SUPUBMX2 COTUT.-ln probate In the matter
of the Etftateof Her late Royal Highness VICTORIA
K AM AM ALU KAAIIUMANU of Honolulu, deceased. at
Chambers In the Court House In Honolulu, 23th day of April
A. D. 1S70.
It appearing to the Hon. Alfred S. Uartwell first Associate
Justice of tbe Supreme Court of the Hawaiian Islands, sitting
as a court of probate by tbe petition presented and filled by
John O. DomonEs, the Administrator of the Estate of Her
late Royal Highness Victoria Kamamalu Kaahumanu, deceas
ed, praylug for an order to sell Real Estate; that it is neces
sary to sell some portion of the Real Estate to pay the debts
outstanding against the deceased aud the debts, expenses and
charges cf Administrations.
It is therefore ordered by the lion. A. S. nartwelt, flret
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, sitting in l to bate.
that all persons Interested in the said Estate, appear before
tbe said Probate Court at the Court room of the Snnreme
Court in the Court House In Honolulu on tbe" 13th day of
MAY. A. D 1870. to show cause wby an order should not be
granted to the Administrator of the said estate to sell so
much of the said Real Entate of the deceased aa shall be nec
essary, and that a copy of this order be published at least
two succwlre weeks Id tbe UaTraniH Uiaxrrx and Ke An
Okoa, newspapers published In the city of Honolulu.
J nstice of Supreme Court.
Attest! TV. R. Sxxl, Deputy Clerk.
Dated Honolulu, April 25th, 1$70, lMt
COURT, In Hankmptey. In the
matter of the Bankruptcy of JOHN U. 11ROWN. a Vol
rtouce h nereoy giren co me creditors or ttus Estate wno
ire proved their claims and who are entitled to rote that
the election for assignees in Bankruptcr will be held In the
Clerk's office bf the1 Supreme Court at ten o'clock on Thursday
morning, the fifth day of May next.
Clerk ol Supreme Court.
April 23d, 1S70. U-2t
CIRCUIT COURT, Tblnl Judicial Clrrnlt.
Notice Is herebr siren that the MAT TERM. A. D.
1870, of the said COart, to be holden at Hilo, In the Island of
Hawaii, has been duly ordered to be adjourned from Tuesday
tbe third, tn Tuesday, the tenth day of May.
..I i sUciubi'. iters pap,vonru
Court Hon-e. Honolnla, April 19th, 1870 IWt
CIRCUIT COURT, Mnu!Tnt Chamber.
KJ na. 31auT. Dec. 24th. 1869. Hon. A. & HART WELL.
Justice of the Supreme Court
un reading snd niing tbe petition or Kmunoo Hipp, pray
ing for a divorce from her bnaband, James KIpp, on the
ground of bis wilful and continued desertion vt beffor three
successive years : --;
It was ordered by the said Justice that tbe said petition
will come on to be heard on the first dar of next Jnne term
of the Circuit Court at Lahaliia, before the esldlng Justice
at CLambers, notice thereof being given by previous publica
tion in me HAWAIIAN UAZKTXK, luf iiirtre iuccwtsiv mourns.
iCiii THOMAS OlIIKL. Clerk.
For -Victoria, B. C.
THE .BRITISH. BRIG
K. CALUOUN, Master,
Will have quick dispatch for tba abovo Port.. For
Freight Or passage), arplj to i .
W-tr ' "Agents.
HAWAIIAK, PACKET LIKE.
For San Francisco.
Tho Favorite Packet Bark
D. C. MURRAY. &
. T. HENSIETT, . . i Commanders
Will be dne abont tho FOURTH OF MAT. anil
will have IMMEDIATE DISPATCH for tho abovs
port. For freight of passage,- haviie superior ac
commodation for c,blo and steerage passengers, ap-
l WAIsKBU ALLEN, Agents.
STEAM TO AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND
The California), Xeiv Zealand
and Australian 31 all Line of
Tho Splendid Steamships
....TVS. Bealr, Cora'r.
CITY of MELBOURNE,
1800 tona... ...T.. Grainger. Corn'rl
Will run regularly between Honolnla and tha abor.
ports, connectiog at Honolplu with" tbe North Paeilo
Transportation Co's Steamers.
IIoxoLnnr. II. HAtJKFELD i CO.
cck"d ...CKUICKSHANK's SMART t (Jo.
SrDMEr........ ..n. II. HALL. U. S. Consuli
The. Xortii Pacific .Traitsnortatleia
SAN FRANCISCO & HONOLULU LINE
Tho Company's Splendid A. I Steamship
S. VLOTV, . . Commander,
WILL RUtf REGULARLY
Bet-treca Honolulu Ac Han I'rauclaco
tiAvts assivis uavsa
sa raaacsoix it wotolcic. 'hoaoic'iu. -
Tom'j May 10 SuniTy May 22 flU.r May V
Weif j June IS Msod. June 27 Sat'dar Jolv 2
Thnc'jr July 21 Tncsd'y Anil ?onday Aug 7
JrlOay Aoi. 18 Wedn'y Sept J Uood'y 80:12
Salurihy Oct 1 Tliurs'y Oct 13 Taesd'y Oct 18
Son.Uy Not. I FrMiy Jfov.H WeJ'y JJov. 23
Monday J)ecl2 Satnr'y Pee 24 Tlinrs'y Dec 23
rriday July, IS
itl'txj Aug 20
Monday Oct 31
Toeadsy Dm. S
Liberal Atlrancett arte on all ghlja.
Freight for Sanl Francisco' will htirtfrWA .t Ik
Steamer's Warehcase, and receipts for tbo same,
given by the undersigned. No charge for storago
or cartage. Fire.RUki in Warehouse, not Uln"by
tb? Company. -
Insurance guarantied atXewerRtes.than b Sail
ing Vessels. Particular care taken of Shipments of
All orders for Goads to be enrebased I. t?'
C'lTi!-Ll D"1 mt by "tern of Steamer.
jaa umyaiMiis iron sturop and. tee UsKed States
tended for" these' Island. Vil! T? .1''
Company fa, Eaa Franciaco, j ( consWd to thwi.ajtd
bo forwarded "by their Steamers to Hoaoluln. Fb'm.
or Charge, except aetaal ostlav.
v TE"??8? "ted to take tblr licked
before 1 11 o'cloek on (he day of .sailing, aixl to pro.
euro their Passports. ''it
w-au. jturt .agaiart tie StMtm muti U wo
nted before two o'eloak na ia. rL .
tssr. r!U ku.u- t.. uu .i . . J"' .
Steamer for settlement.
H. lXACKFKLS A C0.,AgU.