Newspaper Page Text
7b the Senate and House of Representatives In -addressing my third annnal Message to the law-making branch oftbe Government, it is grat ifying to be able to state that daring tbo past year success has generally attended tbe effort to execute all tbe laws found upon the EUtnte books. Tbo policy has been not to inquire into tbe wisdom of laws already enacted, bat to learn their special interest, and to enforce them ac corfingly. DISASTEES lir FIEE AXD STOIUI. Tlio past year has, wider a wise Providence, been one of rencral prosperity to tbe nation. It has, however, been attended with more than usual chastisements in loss of life and property by storm and fire. These disasters have served to call forth tbe best elements of human nature in ocr country, and to develop a friendship for ns on the part of foreign nations, which rocs far towards alleviating tbe distress occasioned by tbo calamities. Tbo benevolent, who have so gen- -eronsly shared their means with tbe victims of these misfortunes', will reap their reward in tbo consciousness of having performed a noblo act, and in receiving the grateful thanks of men, women and children, whoso sufferings they havo .relieved. FRIBKDLV r.ttATIOXS WITH FOKEIO.V rOTVEES CHEAT BHITAI.V. The relations of tbo United States with foreign powers continno to be friendly. The year has becnan cvcntM one, in witnessing two great natione, speaking one language and having one lineage, settling by peaceful arbitration disputes of long standing, and liable at any time to bring these nations into hostile conflict. An example has thns been set wbicb, if successful in its Coal issue, may be followed by other civilized nations, and be tbe final means of retaining to productive industry millions of men maintained to settle the disputes of nations by the bayonet and broad sword. I transmit herewith a copy of tho treaty alluded to, which has been concluded since the adjournment of Congress with Her Britannic .Majesty, and a copy of tho protocols of the con' ferenccs of the Commissioners by whom it was negotiated. This treaty provides methods for adjusting tbe questions pending between the two nations. Tbe various questions are to bead jasted by arbitration. I recommend Congress, at on early day, to make tbe necessary provision for the Tribunal of Geneva, and for tbe several Commissioners on the part of tbe United States called for by tho treaty. Ilis Majesty tho Ring of Italy, tbe President of the Swiss Confederal tion, and llis Majesty tbe Emperor of Brazil, have each consented, on the joint request of the two powers, to name an arbitrator for the Tribunal of Geneva! I have caused my tbanks to be snitably expressed for the readiness with which tho joint request has been complied with, by tho appoint ment of gentlemen of eminence and learning to the high positions. His Majesty tho Emperor of Germany, has been pleased to comply with tho joint wish of the two Governments, and has consented to act as the arbitrator of tbe disputed water-boundary between tho United States and Great Britain, Tho contracting parties in tbe treaty have under taken to regard, as between themselves, certain principles of public law, for which tho United States havo contended from tbe commencement of their history. They have also agreed to bring these principles to the knowledge of tbo other maritime powers, and to invite tbcm to accede to tbcm. Ifcsotjations aro going on as to the form of tho note by which the invitation is to bo extended to tho other Powers. I recommend tbo legislation necessary on tbo part of the United States to bring into operation the articles of tho treaty relating to tbo Fisheries and to other matters touching tho relations of tho United States towards tho British North American possessions, to become operative as soon as the proper legislation shall bo had on the part of Great Britain and its possessions. It is much to be desired that this legislation may become op erative before tho fishermen of tho United States begirUa mako arrangements for tbe coming sea son. I have addressed a communication, of which a copy is transmitted herewith, to tho Governors of JCew York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, and Wisconsin, urging npon tho Governments of these States, respectively, tbo necessary action on their part to carry into effect the object of the article of the treaty which contemplates tho uso of tho canals on cither side connected with tbo navigation of tbo lakes and river, forming the boundary, in terms of equity, by tbo inhabitants of both countries. It is hoped that tho importance of the object and the benefits to flow therefrom, will secure tbe speedy approval and legislative sanction of tbe Stales concerned. I renew tho recommendation for an appropria tion for determining the true position of tho forty-ninth parallel of latitude, where it forms tho boundary between tbo United States and the British North American possessions, between tho Lake of the Woods and the summit of the Rocky Mountains. Tho early action of Congress in tho recommendation named would put it in tho power of tho War Department to placo a forco in tho field uanng tho noxt Summer. CLAIMS AGAINST SPAIN. The Forty-first Congress, at its third session, made an appropriation for the organization of a Mixed Commission for adjudicating upon the claims of tbe citizens of the United States against Spain, growing oat of the insurrection in Cuba. That Commission has since been organ ized. I transmit herewith tho correspondence relating to its formation and its jurisdiction. It is to be hoped that this Commission will afford the claimants a complete remedy for their injuries. It bos been made tho agreeable duty of the United States to preside over a conference at Washington between tbo Plenipotentiaries of Spain and tho allied South American Republics, which has resulted in an armistice, with a reason able assurance of a permanent peace. THE UNITED STATUS AND ECSSIA. Tho intimate friendly relations which have so long existed between the United States .and Russia continue undisturbed. Tbe visit of the third eon of the Emperor is a proof that there is o desire on tbe part of his Government to di minish tho cordiality ol these relations. The hospitable reception which has been given to the Grand Duke is a proof that on our side we share tbe wishes of that Government. The inexcusable course of tbe Russian Minister at Washington rendered it necessary to ask his recall, and to decline to longer receive that functionary as a diplomatic representative. It was impossible, with self-respect or with a just regard to the dig nity of the country, to permit Mr. Catacazy to continue to hold interviews with this Govern ment, after bis abase of Government officials, and daring his persistent interference through various means with the relations between the United States and other Powers. In accordance with my wishes be has been relieved of further intercourse with our Government, and the man- agement of tbe affairs of tbe Imperial Nation has passed into tho bands of a gentleman entirely unobjectionable. OUR RELATIONS WITH JAFAN AND CTIINA. ORIENTAL EDCCATIOS OF AMERICAN T0UTI1S. To give importance and to add to the efficiency of our diplomatic relations with Japan and China, and to farther in obtaining the good opinions of these people, and to secure to tho United States its share of the commerce destined to flow between these nations and the balance of the commercial world, I earnestly recommend that an appropriation bo made to support at least four American youths in each of those countries, to serve as part of the official family of our Mm isters there. Oar representatives wonld not even then be placed on an equality with tho repre sentatives of Great Britain and some other powers. As situated, onr representatives in Japan and China have to depend for interpreters and translators, npon the natives of those coun tries, who know our language imperfectly, or procure for tho occasion the services of tho em ployces in foreign basinesa booses, or tho inter preters to otlier foreign Ministers. SCBSIDIES TO STEAUSnir LINES. I would also recommend liberal mcasnre3 for the purpose of supporting the American line's of steamers now plying between San Francisco and Japan and China, and the Australian line, almost our only remaining lines of ocean steamers, and of increasing their service. PROTECTION TO GERMANS IN FRANCE. Tho resumption of diplomatic relations be tween Franco and Germany has enabled mo to give directions for tho withdrawal of tho proteo tion extended to Germans in Franco by the Diplomatic and Consular representatives of the United States in that country. It is just to add that tbo delicate duty of this protection ha3 been performed by the Minister and Consul at Paris, and tho various Consuls in France, under the supervision of the latter, with great kindness as well as with prudence and tact. Their course has received the commendation of the German Government, and has wounded no susceptibilities of tho French. OCR RELATIONS WITH OEIUIANT. The Government of tbo Emperor or Germany continues to manifest a friendly feeling towards the United States, and a desire to harmonize with the moderate and just policy which this Government maintains in its relations with Asia atic Powers as well as with the South American Republics. I have given assurance that tho friondly feelings of that Government aro fully -shored by the United States. The ratifications of the consular and naturalization connections with Austria and Hungary have been exchanged. OCR DELATIONS WITH ITALY. I have been officially informed of tbe annexa tion of the States of the Church to tho Kingdom of Italy, and the removal of the Capital of that Kingdom to Rome. In conformity with the eslabb'sbed policy of the United States, I bare recognized this change. The ratification of the new treaty of commerce between the United Stales and Italy has been exchanged. The two powers havo agreed in their treaty that properly at sea shall bo exempt from capturo in case of war between the two powers. Tho United States have spared no opportunity of incorporat ing this rule into tho obligations of cations. With Japan we continue to maintain intimate relations. Tho Cabinet of the Mikado lias, sinco the close of the last session of Congress, selected citizens of the United States to serve in offices of importance in several departments of the Gov, cramont. I have reason to think that this selac- tion is due to an appreciation of the disinterest- ness of the policy which the United States have pursued towards Japan. It is our desire to con tinue to maintain this disinterested and just policy with China, as well as Japan. TUX COREAN EXT EDITION. The correspondence transmitted herewith shows that there is no disposition on the part of this Government to swerve from its established coarse. Prompted by a desire to put an end to the bar barous treatment of our shipwrecked sailors on tbo Corean coast, I instructed onr Minister at Pekin to endeavor to conclude a convention with Corea for securing the safety and humane treat ment of such matinees. Admiral Rogers was instructed to accompany him with a sufficient force to protect him in caso of need. A small surveying party was seat out, and on reaching tho coast was treacherously attacked at a disad vantage. Ample opportunity was given for ex planation and apology for tbe insult, but neither came. A force was then landed, and after an arduous march over a ragged and difficult country, tbe forts from which tho outrages bad been com mitted were gallantly assaulted, and wero de stroyed. Having thu3 punished the criminals, and having vindicated the honor of tho flag, tbe expedition returned, finding it impracticable, nndcr tho circumstances, to couclude the desired convention. I respectfully refer to the cor respondence relating thereto, herewith submitted, and leave the subject for such action as Congress may see fit to take. MEXICO, CENTRAL AND E0CTII AMERICA. The Republic of Mexico has not yet repealed the very objectionable laws establishing what is known as a free zono on tbe frontier of tbe United States. It is hoped that this may yet be done, and also that stringent measures may be taken by the Republic restraining lawless persons on the frontier. I hope that Mexico, by its -own action, will soon relieve this Government of the difficulties experienced from these causes. Our relations with the various Republics of tho Con tinent and South America continue, with one exception, to be cordial and friendly. I recom mend somo action by Congress regarding tbe overdue instalments, under tho award of tho Venezuela Claims Commission of 1S6C. The internal dissensions of this Government present no justification for the absence of efforts to meet their solemn treaty obligations. The ratification of an extradition treaty with Nicaragua has been exchanged. It is a subject for congratulation that tbo great Empire of Brazil has taken tbo initiatory steps toward tbo abolition of slavery. Our relations with that Empire, always cordial, will naturally be made more so by this act. It is not too much to hope that the Government of Brazil may hereafter find it for its interest, as well 03 intrinsically right, to advance toward cntiro emancipation more rapidly than the present act contemplates. Tho true prosperity and greatness of a nation is to bo found in the elevation and education of its laborers. SLA VERT IN THE WEST INDIES AND ELSEWITKRK. It is a subject for regret that tbo reforms in this direction, which wero voluntarily promised by Spain, have not been carried out in the West India Colonies. Tho laws and regulations for tho apparent abolition of slavery in Cuba and Porto Rico leave most of tho laborers in bondage, with no hope of release until their lives become a burden to their employers. I desire to direct your attention to the fact that citizens of the United States are largo holders in foreign lands, of this species of property, forbidden by tho fundamental law of their own country. I recom mend to Congress to provide by stringent legisla tion a suitable remedy against the holding, own ing, or dealing in. slave property in foreign lands, cither as owners, hirers, or mortgagees, by citi zens of this Government. CCBA AND SrAIN. It is to be regretted that the disturbed condi tion of the Island of Cuba continues to be a source of annoyance and of anxiety. The ex istence of a protracted straggle in snch closo proximity to our own territory, without apparent prospect of an early termination, cannot be other than an object of concern to a people who, while abstaining from interference in the affairs of other Powers, naturally desire to see every country .in the undisturbed enjoyment of peace, liberty, and the blessings of free institutions. Our naval commanders in Cuban waters havo been in- strnctcd, in case it should become necessary, to pare no eflort to protect the lives and properly of bonajide American "citizens, and to maintain the dignity of the flag. It is hoped that all pending questions with Spain, growing out of the affairs in Cuba, may bo adjusted in the spirit of peace and conciliation, which has hitherto guided tho two Powers ia their treatment of such questions. THE NATIONAL DEBT. Tho National Debt has been reduced to the extent of eighty-six millions fifty-seven thousand one hundred and twenty-six dollars and eighty cents daring tbe year j and by negotiation of tfco national bonds at a lower rate of interest, tho interest on tho public debt has been so far di minished that now tbo sum to be raised for in terest account is nearly seventeen millions ol dollars less than on the 1st of March, 18G9. It wa3 highly desirable that this rapid diminution should take place, both to strengthen the credit of tho country and to convince its citizens of their entire ability to meet overy dollar of liability without bankrupting them. But in view of the accomplishment of these desirable ends, of the rapid development of the resources of tho coun try, its increasing ability to meet tho large de mands, and the amount already paid, it is not desirable tbat the present resources of tho coun try should continue to bo taxed in order to con tinue this rapid payment. MODIFICATION OF TAX AND TARIFF LAWS. I therefore recommend n modification of both the tariff and interest tax laws. I recommend tbat nil taxes from internal sources bo abolished, except those on spirituous, vinous and malt liquors, tobacco in its various forms, and from stamps. In readjusting tho tarifT, I suggest that a carelul estimate be made of tho amount of sur plus revenno collected under tho present laws, after providing for the current expenses of tho Government, tbo interest account and a sinking fund, and that this surplus bo reduced in such manner ns to afford the greatest relief to tho greatest number. There aro many articles not produced at homo, such as medicines compound ed, from which littlo revenue is derived, bat which enter into general use. All such articles I recommend to be placed on the frco list. Should a further reduction provo cdvisable, I would then recommend that it be mado apo: those articles wbicb can bear it without disturb ing home production, or reducing tho wages of unencan labor. I havo not entered into figures, because to do so would bo to repeat all that will be laid before you in tho Report of tho Secretary of tho Treasury. The present laws for collecting revenues pay collectors of customs small salaries, but provido for shares in all seizures, which, at the principal ports of entry particularly, raise tho compensation of those officials to a large sum It has always seemed to me as if this system must at times work perniciously. It holds out inducements to dishonest men, should such get possession of these offices, to be lax in thci scrutiny of goods entered, to enable them finally to mako large seizures. Your attention is re spectfully invited to this subject. TITB CURRENCT. The continued fluctuations in the value of gold compared with tho" national currincy has a most damaging effect upon the increase and develop ment of the country, in keeping up pnce3 of all articles necessary in every-day life. It fosters a spirit of gambling prejudicial alike to national morals and national finances. If the question can be met ns to how to got o fixed value to our currency, tbat value constantly and uniformly approaching par with specie, a very desirable object will be gained. THE ARMr. For tho operations of the array in tho past year, the expenses of maintaining it, the esti mates for tbo ensuing year, and for continuing sea-coast and other improvements conducted un der tho supervision of the War Department, I re fer you to tho accompanying report of tho Secre tary of War. I call your attention to the pro visions of the Act of Congress, approved March 3d, 1SG9, which discontinues promotion in the staff corps of the army until provided for by law, I recommend that tho number of officera in each grade of staff corps bo fixed, and that whenever the number in any one grado falls below tbe num ber so fixed, that the vacancy may bo filled by promotion from tho grade below. I also recom mend that when tbe office of Chief of Corps be comes vacant the placo may bo filled by selection from tho corp3 in which tho vacancy exists. TOE NAVY. The report of the Secretary of the Navy shows an improvement in the number and efficiencv of the naval force, without material increase in tho expense of supporting it. This is due to tbe policy which has been adopted and is being ex tended as far as our material will admit, of U3imr smaller vessels as cruisera on the several stations, by these means wo havo bean enabled to occupy at onco a larger extent of cruising ground, and to visit moro frequently the ports where the pres ence of our flag is desirable, and generally to dis charge more efficiently tho appropriate duties of the rvavy m times of peace, without exceeding the number of men or the expenditures author ized by law. Daring the past year the Navy ha3 in addition to it3 regular service, supplied the men and officers for tho vessels of tho Coast Survey, and has completed the surveys authorized by Con gress, of tbe Isthmus of Darien and Tehnante pec, and under like authority has sent out an ex pedition completely famished and equipped, to explore the unknown ocean of the North. The suggestion of the report as to tho necessity for increasing and improving tbe material of the Na vy and tbe plan recommended for reducing the personnel of the service to a peace standard by the gradual abolition of certain grades of officers, the reduction of others and the employment of somo in the service of the commercial marine, aro all considered and deserve tbe thoughtful at tention of Congress. I also recommend that all promotions in the Navy above the rank of Cap tain bo made by selection instead of by seniority. This will secure in the higher grades greater efficiency and hold out an incentivo to young offi cers to improve themselves in tbo knowledge of their profession. The present cost of maintain ing tho Navy, and its cost compared with that of I tho preceding year, and the estimates for the en suing year are contained in tho accompanying re port of the Secretary of the Navy. rOST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. The enlarged receipts of tho Po3t OfBco De partment, as shown by tho accompanying report of the Postmaster General, exhibit a gratifying increase in that branch of tbo public service. It is the index of the growth of education and of the prosperity of the people, two elements highly conducive to the vigor and stability of republics. With a vast territory like ours, much of it sparse ly populated nut all requiring tbo services ot me man, u is not at present to be ex pected tbat this Department can bo mado self-sra- taining; but its gradual approach to this end from year to year is conGdently relied on, and tho day is not far distant when the Post Offico of tliia Government will provo a much greater bless ing to tbo whole people than it now is. PROPOSITION TO UNITE TUB TELEGRArH WITH THE POSTAL S7STHM. The suggestion of the Postmaster General for improvements in the Department presided over by him aro earnestly recommended to your spe cial attcntiop, especially the document for your favorable consideration of tbe plan for uniting tho telegraph system of the United States with .the postal system. It i3 believed tbat by such a course the cost of telegraphing could bo much re duced and the service be a3 well, if not bettor rendered. It would secure further advantage by extending the telegraph through portions of the country where private enterprise will not con struct it. Commerce, trade, and abovo all, the efforts to bring a people widely separated into a community of interests aro always benefitted by rapid intercommunication. Education, the ground work of republican institutions, is encouraged by increasing tho facilities for gathering together with speed tho news from all parts of tbo coun try. Tbo desire to reap tho benefit of such im provemcnt wil stftnulate education. 1 refer you to the report of tho Postmaster General for fall details of tho operations of last year, and for comparative statements of the rcsnlt3 with for mer years. KC-KLUX IN SOUTH CAROLINA, There has been imposed upon tho Executive branch of the Government tbo execution of tho Act of Congress approved April 20th, 1871, and commonly known ns tho Ku-Klux law, in a por tion of tho State of South Carolina. The neces sity of tho course pursued will bo demonstrated by tho report of tho Committee to investigate Southern Outrages under tbo provisions of tho above Act. I issued a Proclamation calling tho attention of tbe people of tbo United StatC3 to tho same, and declaring my reluctance to exerciso any of tho extraordinary powers thereby con ferred npon mo except in caso of imperative ne- ce3sity ; but making known my purpose to exer cise snch powers whenovcr it should becomo ne cessary to do so for the purposo of securing to nil eitizoii3 of tbe United States the peaceful en joyment of tbo rights guaranteed to them by tho Constitution and tbe laws. After tho passage of this law, information was received from time to time that a combination of characters referred to in this law existed and wero powerful in many parts of tho Southern States, particularly in cer tain counties of South Carolina. Careful inves tigation was made, and it was ascertained that in nino Counties of tho Stato such combinations wero active and powerful, embracing a sufficient portion of the citizens to control tbo local author ity, and having among other "things tho object of depriving the emancipated class of tho substan tial benefits of freedom and of tho privilego of tho free, political action3 of tboso citizens who did not sympathize with their own views ; and among their operations wero frequent scourgings nnd occasional assassinations, generally perpetrat ed at night by disguised persons, their victims in almost all cases being citizens of different politi cal sentiment from their own, or free persons who havo shown a disposition to claim equal rights with other citizens. Thousands of inoffensive and well-disposed citizens wero sufferers by this lawless violence. Thereupon, on tho 13th of Oc tober, 1871, a proclamation wn3 issued in terms of tho law, calling upon tho members of tho said combinations to disperse within five days and to deliver to the Marshal or military officers of tho United States all arms, ammunition, uniforms, disguises and other implements used by them for carrying ont their unlawful purposes. This warn ing not having been heeded, on tbo 17th of Octo ber another proclamation was issued, suspending the writ of habeas corpus in nino counties in that State, and directions wero given that within tho counties so designated, persons supposed on credible information to bo members of such unlaw ful combinations should be arrested by tho milita ry force of the United States and delivered to tbe Marshal to be dealt with according to law, In two of tbe said counties many arrest3 have been made, and at last accounts tbo number of persons thus arrested was 269. Several hundred whoso criminality was ascertained to bo of an in ferior degreo wero released for tho present, Theso havo generally mado confessions of their guilt Great caution ha3 been exercised in mak ing these arrests, and notwithstanding their large number, it is believed that no innocent person is now in custody. Tho prisoners will bo held for regular trial before a judicial tribunal of tho Uni ted State3. As soon as it appeared that the authorities of the United State3 wero about to take vigorous measures to enforco tbe law, many persons, absconded, and there is good reasons for supposing that all such persons havo been guilty of violation of the law. A full report of what has been done under this law will be submitted to Congres3 by tho Attorney General. Tnn MORMON QCESTIO.Y. In Utah tbero still remains a remnant of bar barism repugnant to civilization, decency, and to tho law3 of tho United States. Territorial officers howover, havo been found who aro willing to perform their duty in a spirit of equity and with a duo sense of sustaining the majesty of the law. Neither polygamy nor other violation of existing statutes will bo permitted within the ter ritory of the United States. It is not with tho religion of the self-styled Saints that wo aro now dealing, but their practices. They will bo protcct- cdln the worship of God according to tho dic tates of their own consciences, but they will not be permitted to violate the laws under tbe cloak of religion. It may be advisable for Congress to consider what, in tho execution of tbo laws against polygamy, is to be the status of tho plu ral wives and their offspring, and tbe propriety of Congress passingan enabling act, authorizing the Territorial Legislature to legitimize all born prior to a time fixed in the act, might be justified by s humanity to tboso innocent children. This 13 suggestion only, and not a recommendation. THE ADMINISTRATION INDIAN POLICT AND ITS EE5TXT3. The policy pursued towards tbe Indians has resulted favorably, so far as can be judged from the limited time during which it ha3 been in oper ation. Through the efforts of the variaus socie ties of Christians, to whom has been entrusted Commissioners authorized by the law of April 10th, 1869, many tribes of Indians have been in duced to settle npon reservations to cultivate the soil and perform productive labor of various kinds and tojiartially accept civilization. Those are being cared for in such a way tbat it 13 hoped to induce those still pursuing their old habits of lifo to embrace the only opportunity which is left them to avoid extermination. I recommend lib eral appropriations to carry out tho Indian peace policy, not only because it is humane, Christian like and economical, but becauso it i3 tight. '. recommend to your favorable consideration also, tho policy of granting a territorial government to tho Indians in tbo Indian Territory west of Ar kansas and Missouri and south of Kansas ; and in doing Sot every right guaranteed to tho Indians by treaty should bo secured. Such a course might in time be tho means of collecting most of tho Indians now between the Missouri and Pa cific and south of tho British Possessions, into one Territory or State. Tho Secretary of tho Interior has treated npon this subject at length, and I recommend to you his suggestions. TCBLIO LANDS SUOCLD BE RESERVED FOR ACTUAL SETTLERS. I renew my recommendation that the public lands be regarded as a heritage to our children, to bo disposed of only as required for occupation and to actual settlers. Those already granted have been in great part disposed of in such a way as to secure acces3 to' the balance by tho har dy settler who may wish to avail himself of them; but caution should bo exercised even then. In attaining so desirable an object, tbe educational interest may well bo assisted by tho grant of the proceeds of the sals of public lands to settlers. I do not wish to be understood as recommending. in the least degreo a curtailment of what is being dono by tbe general government for, tho encour agement of education. THE CENSUS RETURNS AND DEPARTMENT OF XQRI- CDI.TURE. Tho report of tho Secretary of tho Interior, submitted with this, will givo you information collected and prepared for publication, in regard to tho census taken during the year 1870, tho operations of the Bureau of Education for tho year, tho i'atcnt Umco, tuo i'ension umce, ino Lind Oflico and tbo Indian Barean. Tbo report of tho Commissioner of Agriculturo give3 the operations of his Department for the year. As agriculturo is the ground work of our prosperity, too much importanco cannot bo attached to tho labors of this Department. It is in tho hands of an nble bead, with ablo assistants, all zealously devoted to introducing into tho agricultural pro ductions of tbo nation all useful products adapted to any of tho various climates and soils of our vast territory, and to giving all useful information 33 to tho methods of cultivation ot the plants cereals and other products adapted to our territo ry. Tbo work is prospering quietly nnd surely, and tho Agricultural Bureau is working a great national good, and if liberally supported tho moro widely its influence will bo extended and the less dependent wo shall be upon tho products of for eign countries. SALARIES OF OFFICIALS. Tbo subject of compensation to the heads of Bureaus and officials holding positions of respon sibility, nnd requiring ability and character to fill such properly, is ono to which your attention is invited. But few of tho officials receive a com pensation equal to tho respectablo support of family, while their duties aro such as to involvo millions of dollars and great interests. In pri vato lifo such services demand compensation equal to tho services rendered, and a wise econ omy would dictato tho same, rulo in tbo Gov ernment service. EXT ENS ES OF GOVERNMENT. I havo not given tho estimates for tho support of tbe Government for tbo ensuing year and a comparative statement between tha txpenditures for the year just past and tho one just preceding, becanso all these figures are contained in the ac companying reports pr in tboso presented direct ly to Congress. Theso estimates havo my ap proval. DISABILITIES IMPOSED BY THE FOURTEENTH AMEND MENT. Jiora man six years Having elapsed since the last ho3ti!o gnu wa3 fired between tho armies then arrayed against each other, ono for tho per petuation tho other for the destruction of the Union, it may well bo considered whether it i3 not now time that the disabilities 'imposed by tho Fourteenth Amendment should bo removed. That instrument doe3 not include tbe ballot, but only requires tho disability to hold offico of cer tain classes. When tho purity of the ballot-box is secure, a majority of one is sure to elect officers reflecting the views of tho majority. I do not see the propriety of excluding men from office merely because they were, beforo tho rebellion, of a standing and character sufficient to bo elect ed to positions requiring them to take tho oath to support tho constitution, and admitting the eligibility of tho3e ontertaining precisely the same view3 but of lc33 standing in their communities. It may bo said that the lormer violated an oath, while tho latter did not have it in their power to do so. If they bad taken this oath, it cannot be doubted they would havo broken it as did tho for mer class. If there aro any great criminals dis tinguished abovo all others for the part they took in opposition to the Government, they might, in tho jadgment of Cougres3, be excluded from such amnesty. Tho subject is submitted for your careful consideration. OSTRACISM IS TOE S0UTOERN STATES. The condition of the Southern States Is unhappily ot such as all true patriotic citizens would like to see. Social ostracism for opinion's sake, and per sonal violence or threats towards persons entertain ing political Tlcws opposed to those entertained by the majority of the .citizens, prevents Immigration and tbe flow of much needed capital into the States lately in rebellion. It will be a happy condition of the country when tbe old citlzensoftbeseStates will take an interest la public affairs, vote for men re presenting their views, and permit foil freedom of expression and theballotin those entertaining differ ent political convictions. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. Under the provisions of the Act of Congress, ap proved February 21, 1871, a Territorial Government was organized in the District ol Columbia. Its re sults have thus far fully realized tbe expectation of its advocates. Under the direction of tbe Terri torial officers, a system, of improvements has been Inaugurated, by means of wbicb Washington Is ra pidly becoming a city worthy of the nation's capital. The citizens of the District havlm; Tolnntarilj taxed themselves for the purpose of contributing to the advancement of tbeseat of government, I recommend liberal appropriations on the part ol Congress, in order tbat tbe Government may bear Its just share oftbe expense of carrying out the virions system!) of improvement the Chicago nr.n. By tbe great fire In Chicago tbe most important of the Government buildings in tbat city were con sumed. Those burned tad already become Inade quate to tbe wants of tbe Government in tbat grow ing city, and, looking to the near future, were to tally Inadequate. I recommend, therefore, that an appropriation be made Immediately to purchase the remainder of tbe Square on wbicb the burned build ings stood, provided It can be purchased at a fair valuation, and provided tbe Legislature of Illinois tbe execution of the policy, and tho Board of will pais a law authorizing its condemnation for Government purposes, and also an appropriation f as much ra jney as can be properly expended, toward the erection of Government bnlWiogs. protection or ijruiORAjrrs. During this fiscal year the number of IansferJBts', ignorant ol onr laws and habits, and eeralat: Into our country annually has become so great, awl ta impositions practised upon tbcra so nnmero-a ant flagrant, tbat I Burrr-est Congressional set loo tor IWr protection. It seems to me a fair subject of legfela tion by Congress. I cannot now state as flilty s I desire the nature of the complaints made by hs mi grants of the treatment they receive, tmt win en deavor to do so during the session ofCorr., par ticularly If tbe sobjeet should receive y oar Mtcathn. CTTTL SERVICE REFORM. It has been tbe aim of tbe Admin 1st ratten to force honesty and efficiency In alt public servants. Krrery official who has Tiotated the trust placed In HtstH been proceeded against with all tbe rigor ot taelaw. If bad men have secured pteces. It has been Ihefieh of tins system established by law and eastern for making appointments, or tbe (salt of those whore commend for Government positions persons not sufficiently well known to them personally, or wbo give letters endorsing tie character of office-seekers without proper sense of the grate responsibility j which such a course devolves upon tbcm. A cWU j service reform, wbicb can in a measure correct this abuse, is much desired. In mereanllle pursuits tbe j business man wbo gives a letter of recommendation ( to a friend to enable him to obtain credit from a i stranger, is regarded as morally responsible tbr tbe integrity of bis friend and his ability to meet bit ok- . ligations. A reform which would enforce tMa prin ciple a-alnt all endorsers of persons forpuMie piece would insure great caution In mafctne; recoinraaada tlons. A salutary lesson has been taught Use care less and tbe dishonest servant In the great number of prosecutions and conviction of tbe last two yean. It Is gratirylng to notice the favorable c Ha new which Is taking place throughout the country la hrimrlBrc to punishment those wbo have proved recreant to the trusts confided to them. In elevating to poMIe offico none but those wbo posses the coaMesce of the honest and virtuous, who, It will al way be fennd, comprise the majority of tbe community in which they live. In my Message to Congress one year aco, I anrent ly recommended a reform In the civil service oftbe country. In conformity with that recommendation, Congress, In tbe ninth section of " An Act making appropriation far sundry civil expense of Govera- mcnt, and for other purposes," approved March 3d, 1S71, gave the necessarrauthorlty to the Executive to Inaugurate a civil service reform, aod placed upon him the responsibility of doim; so. Coder tho au thority of said Act I convened a Board of gentlemen eminently qualified for the work, to devise roles and regulations to effect tbe needed reform. Their labors are not yet completed; but it is believed that they will succeed in devising a plan which can be adopt ed, to the great relief of the Executive, tbe bead of Departments and members of Congress, and which will redound to the trnelnterest of toe poblte ser vice At all events the experiment shall have a 6lr trial. C0SCLU9I0X. I have tbus hastily summed up the operatloM of the Government during the last year, ami made snch suggestions as occur to me to be proper for yoar consideration. I snbmlt them with a confidence that yoar combined actions will be wise, statesman like, and In tbo best Interest of the whole country. V. 3. Obast, President Executive JAjtufou, Dtember 4, 1S71. THEOB. G. HEUGK HAS EX HAWAIIAN BAEK R. C.WYLIE FROM BREMEU Maml, Germany & Fraif c, TTTHrrt MAJKIUI.E. BI TU.19. 1 V ITatraa Tarkb Twwala. Urm Uoe Te-rett, Whita and any !"- Mock TTle, Bhwlnta. balvn vf BUakatf a tt Mai ea4 aO tmmm. hates Brown Cattoa. fcaiae Wit's MadiioilaanaaaVe of Fancy Knjrhah Pirnca. NaJa White iliaaud FilMTav bates Printed Brunast. eaaea " e-v k White Molaaem. W:n Crwa, Brtu. I An Liaea Unit. I .aaaaa Whan. laaa.J ! SUk riiaaaillaa for Vaite. I I nao and Thibas. e Elaah Chars. Has W ! ina. colored Lined OnlU. Wi '-. "! Wr ! lin. Xamseokt. Viewna Lawna. firiae 0a I 4aO-Maeasear. Blaaa. Whifa a Brw Limm ThaaanU i Whita Catsan Thraad: "faery ead nnm aiai TWMa. Hair-sloth -- L D-- I HorrMk's Wait l.t Leac Clath. Craakea C-es-a. i k-l Dritfiaff Haar-r ?( "arrr. tame- I kaac Daaian. Italtaa rWUw. Bfeall aad BJa 1 cloth. H-ary wwe i orom a - d'aaeeae. Catoata and Taeaatrtee. ? raaa. Cawbnca. SOeeaM, Warra tia.X. Laal n-tuu maA Triaraiaa Uit tadaf' aar. M and Whita Liar a H 4tea4a. Blarfe 8W tmt White Cotton Wsddh (, Zrpa.r Waal. -"add!. t:t. Black Crane, ate. &K.O:EIIIJ3S. Traneh Pea la Water. Fraaeh Paaa hi !Mtar. tmm Pea and Carrote. AraT. - B'ailty. Tartla, Jntiea Crab. Kidney. F-rl. Ottml and ra 8aan. tin f Toon. Braeawwk Imr, ifa. tarrafac. . A solan and Rarbarrr Jattiae ia jan. rant. Kaanharry and '"arraat air. a).iiij "- gar. ae V Uad PWU. PteanHr. Oeaaa ated -kin. Liasbarg aad Swtat Caaera. haiiala Bra Ptaar. Sear Cahhace in kegs, kaga 9atad lMaaa. K.at, Carly Kehl, tin Brenner Xahl or rwr! KM Cm ke Dateh Herring, tag- ."alia - Beau, kec aJtad tarkiah raaa. Cm Seed, demijabna Teltow and Uiaaa defies and Anehona ia NMI (tea aad tin haxae. kaga Saltpeter. eaa Sweat OB. WaarybaHn Been, kacs Raaiia, Sardiaa. find Pinna at cfaee. na Fig in glaas. Zant Cananta ia tiae. Mnat (tat ties ia tin. Capers in (hat, ilaaw Pmii id Laanp rerf . Ra.ta Caviar in patent bsa. 'anillia. "alia a tar Soap, Preach Chnarlat. raw I iar tar- . aTaninaa aad other waatowat. V fohat aad barrel, (iioeery Paper i liiQU its: Xo-trtoxr 24 DIFFERENT SHMftS KST BMtlMi.1 WtRC GASTLE & GOOKE OVPEIl AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL! THE FOLLOTVIXO SUPERIOR ASSORTMENT OF GOODS! Consisting in l'art of Finest White all Wool 4-4 Flannel, Finest YVhllo nil Wool A AdcoI WhHcManntlf, Good Qroy and White all Wool Flannels, 10x4 Bleached Sheeting, Thompson's (jlovc-l'itthiR Uorset, Amoskeag Dtnims, Jeans, Brill and Bleached and Unbleached Cotton. A Sup'r Ass't of .Stationery, Water Lined Note Paper, White Kuled Not Paper, ii uue Kmeu i.aici i.eni, Letter ami iiut raaer. White, Cuff and Amber and Letter and et Envelopes, Paysen's Indelible, and Carter's Coptiar; Ink, Artists .c iieeK-Keepers' i'lutkle Itnten, jSmlth A Wesson's Pistols x Cartridges, Hair GUths, Stirrups Leathers, Spanish Trees, Croupers and lirMles, Oak Belting, Street Brooms, Wood Faucets, Lamp Illaek, Italian l,ncJfiii;r "l-nce Leather, Paints, Oils, &c. White Zinc & Lead, in 1, 2 1 25 ft container I'aris and Chroma Green,. Chrome Yellow, Umber, Slenner, Patent Dryer, Vermillion, . Whiting Prussian, Blue, Bladders c-f Patty, Carriage and Coach Varnish, Bright, Copal and Furniture Varnish, Boiled Linseed Oil, Turpentine, Mason's Blacking, Cofleo Mills, Aie. Pick, Sledge, Adi, Hoe, Oo, Hammer .t'Chfiel Handles, Wool Cards, Saddles, Enameled Trnnki, Coopers' Tools, Croicrs, Ifowels, and ("hampering Knives, Carpenters Planes, Fore, Smooth. Jack A Jointers. Cut Kails, 3, 4, 6, S, 10, 12, 29, 34,48, M ami ouu, uoatnallj, l, l$,lj 21nh, Frewed Kails, 22 ineb, Coopor' Rirets, 4. 7 a 8 lbs, jfe Copper Rivets a Burs, , , i k i ineb, Gimp Taeks, Iron i Copper Taeks ot all she. Best Jtabker Hose, i, , 1, 1 2 Ineb, Centrifugal, Varnith, Paint, WbHe-Waaa and Scrub Brushes, Cor'd Tin Palls, . 1, 2, 3. 4, . 8.10 1 12 quarts. Covered Slop Pails, Dippers, Dish and Milk Pans, Jennins'sbits, seldering ironi , "CJlngef, tteeb. Hammers, Ganges, Squares, Chisels, Angers. Sieves. Lime Sqneexer, Yard Sticks, Bang Starters, Axes, Shove), Spades, Oos, Lanterns, Eagle Horse, A and 0 Plows and Points, Paris PIow, citra heavy and strong. Protoxide of Iron, Pain Killer, Poland's White Pine Compound, Pails, Tubs, Brooms, Etc.. Etc. DOWNER'S KESOSENE OIL, From the Boston Honse. And Many Other Articles 33- A TGI, TO BE SOLD LOIV". Sta To Let or Lease. Those very Desirable Premise on the Plains, known as UI.ULANT, at pres ent occupied by Mr. 8. B. Dole. Tbe DneD Ing House consists of a laraa Parlor. TTKam Boom, three Bed Rooms, and Paatrr. two l.. Store Rooms on basement; there Is also en the lasd a Cottage containing, two rooms, detached Kitehea, Servants' Uouse, S tables. Ac. Ac. with a wail ol good water. Also a Cottage in Naaaan Valley, if applied for immediately. For farther partieekrs an P'Jto 26 J. 3. LKMOK. earn. lHl W1.X1 rranesaaUek. delnaaaawir. rTtekaei. Wimm an. Kadesbeiurr, Deldeklii. Piiekineajtel. ed reeni. Made 11 aad tMl ia . aad Haat Pastern. Caaa CLARET. ech as Ce.it Lrtagaa. Lac'aag. Lvdba. CTaaaaaw, tin. Cases Port Was, Sherry. Xaraeaiaw. Mart Ex tract. Sordaaasar Braatwete. aad I mil WW- kcT. TSordbaeter Kaanaal aad 4aaM Ka ish Punch and Coefcaail. Fraaak C. and Boonekamp Bitters, east and rani Bntlaaid .. imitation Holland His. aks Brandy Sk ai Ban. TDeetJea A Schroder star brand Al aa4 tt. Xorwegiaa Beer ia pta aad fta. Marian's Draft i! a casks. Alcohol ia detagoaa aad kf. anttia Water. HATS, cfco. Ladtas' Hals and Boenef. new rr!aa. V--ii Hats aad ('eats' Felt Hat, new style. Ladw -.1-dran's and Genf' B!ot, wlrd KM I'nw for f.a die and Goats. Saspeader. Oejrtera, .fae Vests, Ina Blaa Sack. Biaea aad Ma data Pa. Wait Dnek Smtkt, Pant aad Tat. Ortaaa ea . pace Sacs, Prima Pants, tfnred Bali lia Pa, Bgared Victoria Pants. -itk riabni'a. I frames astrn i. Ladiaa' Sdk t'abrUc Vw m Ben Cot to a Umbrella, a -.,rt f ..-a, Liaea aad Paper Colar. 5ektw. )tn' ate and grey baaTT meria half-ho. mea't aad Wt. Sa raw a eottoa aaeks. ladiaa' aaeenae -rhitm taaaaaaap. Meria eadetaairta aad drawers. Ttre anion. ai eattaai aadershiru. ailatrla jareat, ahee jmrk eit, waterproof eoau. white wttan kimmsil Taaailtn eUefs. saaaiior whita liaaa aad tawa kaaaskaHir'.. BMnrniag aandkerelua calico aad ladapu' im ar- aad other aaaseran article. STATIOXEliT BLANK BOOKS. aa as ladcen. jweeJ. tr book, ease, book., tok , a jeans boa, .av ian; book, no boob. bok Mioe. k . BUI. cap aad latter paper, tea and pea kaJdm. .at. eonyiac presses, ete. at. IeStlTTta c&2 -OH. rfbise lead aad line. seed oil. Mdodoons, Iron Safes, TOO ROSE-WOOD . COTTAGE PMHQS! Beet aa de eoog3. pomaran. baar aeU an per faatary, toilet soap, etc. s. MISCELLANEOUS. Caatt aickaacks and hany sillsliit. tare aad Mat. jam narre. nteaer ham anel pea hi awaltay, fflt Wiling, rihhaa ia mra i nth aad plumes. at-OCeanl aa an jutt pereha roand eeath. drawn; anal taa tauta heat of Oermaa Hajara,earha. alack hat niha. polished Mace wise, a feed artaebi. asop t aa. hui rope, hasp mil twia. walking- stiaa. iHdbs rtrtar. mom aad ete. aaar nnt. aamrkna . seatai glean taaiariamp. watte i .4UO To Let, A VERY DBSIRABLE XBW COTTAGE, eontainlns an eleuant Parlor, six or serea Bedreemi, Ufa. ing Room, Kitchen and Pantry, Bath House, Servants' II Bate. Tt, Hoase Is rnrrounded bv Garden and Pattnm Cmt. aad is pleasantly located in one of the moit healthy parts of the city. Apply to l tr HUGO STASOEXWALD, M. D. To be Let. The House Slakai of Dr. Staajenwald'a residence, Ktraanu Ave nue. Apply at tbe OSce of this paper. ii tf Expected per German Bark "Me, Via San Francisco. GOODS SUITABLE FOR ALL TRADES! DRY GOODS, HARDWARE, CROCKERY, CTTLKUY, HOSIERY, SADDLERY, PEJtrrXERY, Ac. Jfc.-. also EXPECTED via PANAMA flASES PRDTFS, ULAUR, wfcv au-i J dark (rawed tnmU. TWEEDS, OASSIMEEES, CLOTHS WHITE and BROWX LONG CLOTHS, Boots & Shoes for Ladles, GENTS -tad CHILDREN. Denims, Brilliants aad Numerous Other ArtiI3 SUITABLE FOB THE TEADE I -AUO- FROM BOSTON PER CEYLON Caes DowBcr't Beat Kmeaca 05, Cues Best Amam Grad 3f-etcfae&. Bales American Hmyj Amoskeatj- Denerraf, c Ac o ALL THE ABOVE AEE FOB SALE eartam xT REASONABLE TERMS & LIBERAL PrUCES Country Dealers arePartely km. -370 ESAairiIvr-B Xy Steele Vetera sareeaae; eWaere. S-3n THEOD. C. BMVCK. ?H ?toet.