7b the Senate and House of Representatives
In -addressing my third annnal Message to the
law-making branch oftbe Government, it is grat
ifying to be able to state that daring tbo past
year success has generally attended tbe effort to
execute all tbe laws found upon the EUtnte
books. Tbo policy has been not to inquire into
tbe wisdom of laws already enacted, bat to learn
their special interest, and to enforce them ac
DISASTEES lir FIEE AXD STOIUI.
Tlio past year has, wider a wise Providence,
been one of rencral prosperity to tbe nation. It
has, however, been attended with more than
usual chastisements in loss of life and property
by storm and fire. These disasters have served
to call forth tbe best elements of human nature
in ocr country, and to develop a friendship for ns
on the part of foreign nations, which rocs far
towards alleviating tbe distress occasioned by tbo
calamities. Tbo benevolent, who have so gen-
-eronsly shared their means with tbe victims of
these misfortunes', will reap their reward in tbo
consciousness of having performed a noblo act,
and in receiving the grateful thanks of men,
women and children, whoso sufferings they havo
FRIBKDLV r.ttATIOXS WITH FOKEIO.V rOTVEES
The relations of tbo United States with foreign
powers continno to be friendly. The year has
becnan cvcntM one, in witnessing two great
natione, speaking one language and having one
lineage, settling by peaceful arbitration disputes
of long standing, and liable at any time to bring
these nations into hostile conflict. An example
has thns been set wbicb, if successful in its Coal
issue, may be followed by other civilized nations,
and be tbe final means of retaining to productive
industry millions of men maintained to settle the
disputes of nations by the bayonet and broad
sword. I transmit herewith a copy of tho treaty
alluded to, which has been concluded since the
adjournment of Congress with Her Britannic
.Majesty, and a copy of tho protocols of the con'
ferenccs of the Commissioners by whom it was
negotiated. This treaty provides methods for
adjusting tbe questions pending between the two
nations. Tbe various questions are to bead
jasted by arbitration. I recommend Congress,
at on early day, to make tbe necessary provision
for the Tribunal of Geneva, and for tbe several
Commissioners on the part of tbe United States
called for by tho treaty. Ilis Majesty tho Ring
of Italy, tbe President of the Swiss Confederal
tion, and llis Majesty tbe Emperor of Brazil,
have each consented, on the joint request of the
two powers, to name an arbitrator for the Tribunal
of Geneva! I have caused my tbanks to be snitably
expressed for the readiness with which tho joint
request has been complied with, by tho appoint
ment of gentlemen of eminence and learning to
the high positions.
His Majesty tho Emperor of Germany, has
been pleased to comply with tho joint wish of
the two Governments, and has consented to act
as the arbitrator of tbe disputed water-boundary
between tho United States and Great Britain,
Tho contracting parties in tbe treaty have under
taken to regard, as between themselves, certain
principles of public law, for which tho United
States havo contended from tbe commencement
of their history. They have also agreed to bring
these principles to the knowledge of tbo other
maritime powers, and to invite tbcm to accede
to tbcm. Ifcsotjations aro going on as to the
form of tho note by which the invitation is to bo
extended to tho other Powers. I recommend tbo
legislation necessary on tbo part of the United
States to bring into operation the articles of tho
treaty relating to tbo Fisheries and to other
matters touching tho relations of tho United
States towards tho British North American
possessions, to become operative as soon as the
proper legislation shall bo had on the part of
Great Britain and its possessions. It is much to
be desired that this legislation may become op
erative before tho fishermen of tho United States
begirUa mako arrangements for tbe coming sea
son. I have addressed a communication, of which
a copy is transmitted herewith, to tho Governors
of JCew York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana,
Michigan, Illinois, and Wisconsin, urging npon
tho Governments of these States, respectively,
tbo necessary action on their part to carry into
effect the object of the article of the treaty
which contemplates tho uso of tho canals on
cither side connected with tbo navigation of tbo
lakes and river, forming the boundary, in terms
of equity, by tbo inhabitants of both countries.
It is hoped that tho importance of the object
and the benefits to flow therefrom, will secure
tbe speedy approval and legislative sanction of
tbe Stales concerned.
I renew tho recommendation for an appropria
tion for determining the true position of tho
forty-ninth parallel of latitude, where it forms
tho boundary between tbo United States and
the British North American possessions, between
tho Lake of the Woods and the summit of the
Rocky Mountains. Tho early action of Congress
in tho recommendation named would put it in
tho power of tho War Department to placo a
forco in tho field uanng tho noxt Summer.
CLAIMS AGAINST SPAIN.
The Forty-first Congress, at its third session,
made an appropriation for the organization of a
Mixed Commission for adjudicating upon the
claims of tbe citizens of the United States
against Spain, growing oat of the insurrection in
Cuba. That Commission has since been organ
ized. I transmit herewith tho correspondence
relating to its formation and its jurisdiction.
It is to be hoped that this Commission will afford
the claimants a complete remedy for their injuries.
It bos been made tho agreeable duty of the
United States to preside over a conference at
Washington between tbo Plenipotentiaries of
Spain and tho allied South American Republics,
which has resulted in an armistice, with a reason
able assurance of a permanent peace.
THE UNITED STATUS AND ECSSIA.
Tho intimate friendly relations which have so
long existed between the United States .and
Russia continue undisturbed. Tbe visit of the
third eon of the Emperor is a proof that there is
o desire on tbe part of his Government to di
minish tho cordiality ol these relations. The
hospitable reception which has been given to the
Grand Duke is a proof that on our side we share
tbe wishes of that Government. The inexcusable
course of tbe Russian Minister at Washington
rendered it necessary to ask his recall, and to
decline to longer receive that functionary as a
diplomatic representative. It was impossible,
with self-respect or with a just regard to the dig
nity of the country, to permit Mr. Catacazy to
continue to hold interviews with this Govern
ment, after bis abase of Government officials,
and daring his persistent interference through
various means with the relations between the
United States and other Powers. In accordance
with my wishes be has been relieved of further
intercourse with our Government, and the man-
agement of tbe affairs of tbe Imperial Nation
has passed into tho bands of a gentleman entirely
OUR RELATIONS WITH JAFAN AND CTIINA.
ORIENTAL EDCCATIOS OF AMERICAN T0UTI1S.
To give importance and to add to the efficiency
of our diplomatic relations with Japan and
China, and to farther in obtaining the good
opinions of these people, and to secure to tho
United States its share of the commerce destined
to flow between these nations and the balance of
the commercial world, I earnestly recommend
that an appropriation bo made to support at least
four American youths in each of those countries,
to serve as part of the official family of our Mm
isters there. Oar representatives wonld not even
then be placed on an equality with tho repre
sentatives of Great Britain and some other
powers. As situated, onr representatives in
Japan and China have to depend for interpreters
and translators, npon the natives of those coun
tries, who know our language imperfectly, or
procure for tho occasion the services of tho em
ployces in foreign basinesa booses, or tho inter
preters to otlier foreign Ministers.
SCBSIDIES TO STEAUSnir LINES.
I would also recommend liberal mcasnre3 for
the purpose of supporting the American line's of
steamers now plying between San Francisco and
Japan and China, and the Australian line, almost
our only remaining lines of ocean steamers, and
of increasing their service.
PROTECTION TO GERMANS IN FRANCE.
Tho resumption of diplomatic relations be
tween Franco and Germany has enabled mo to
give directions for tho withdrawal of tho proteo
tion extended to Germans in Franco by the
Diplomatic and Consular representatives of the
United States in that country. It is just to add
that tbo delicate duty of this protection ha3
been performed by the Minister and Consul at
Paris, and tho various Consuls in France, under
the supervision of the latter, with great kindness
as well as with prudence and tact. Their course
has received the commendation of the German
Government, and has wounded no susceptibilities
of tho French.
OCR RELATIONS WITH OEIUIANT.
The Government of tbo Emperor or Germany
continues to manifest a friendly feeling towards
the United States, and a desire to harmonize
with the moderate and just policy which this
Government maintains in its relations with Asia
atic Powers as well as with the South American
Republics. I have given assurance that tho
friondly feelings of that Government aro fully
-shored by the United States. The ratifications of
the consular and naturalization connections with
Austria and Hungary have been exchanged.
OCR DELATIONS WITH ITALY.
I have been officially informed of tbe annexa
tion of the States of the Church to tho Kingdom
of Italy, and the removal of the Capital of that
Kingdom to Rome. In conformity with the
eslabb'sbed policy of the United States, I bare
recognized this change. The ratification of the
new treaty of commerce between the United
Stales and Italy has been exchanged. The two
powers havo agreed in their treaty that properly
at sea shall bo exempt from capturo in case of
war between the two powers. Tho United
States have spared no opportunity of incorporat
ing this rule into tho obligations of cations.
With Japan we continue to maintain intimate
relations. Tho Cabinet of the Mikado lias, sinco
the close of the last session of Congress, selected
citizens of the United States to serve in offices
of importance in several departments of the Gov,
cramont. I have reason to think that this selac-
tion is due to an appreciation of the disinterest-
ness of the policy which the United States have
pursued towards Japan. It is our desire to con
tinue to maintain this disinterested and just
policy with China, as well as Japan.
TUX COREAN EXT EDITION.
The correspondence transmitted herewith shows
that there is no disposition on the part of this
Government to swerve from its established coarse.
Prompted by a desire to put an end to the bar
barous treatment of our shipwrecked sailors on
tbo Corean coast, I instructed onr Minister at
Pekin to endeavor to conclude a convention with
Corea for securing the safety and humane treat
ment of such matinees. Admiral Rogers was
instructed to accompany him with a sufficient
force to protect him in caso of need. A small
surveying party was seat out, and on reaching
tho coast was treacherously attacked at a disad
vantage. Ample opportunity was given for ex
planation and apology for tbe insult, but neither
came. A force was then landed, and after an
arduous march over a ragged and difficult country,
tbe forts from which tho outrages bad been com
mitted were gallantly assaulted, and wero de
stroyed. Having thu3 punished the criminals,
and having vindicated the honor of tho flag,
tbe expedition returned, finding it impracticable,
nndcr tho circumstances, to couclude the desired
convention. I respectfully refer to the cor
respondence relating thereto, herewith submitted,
and leave the subject for such action as Congress
may see fit to take.
MEXICO, CENTRAL AND E0CTII AMERICA.
The Republic of Mexico has not yet repealed
the very objectionable laws establishing what is
known as a free zono on tbe frontier of tbe
United States. It is hoped that this may yet be
done, and also that stringent measures may be
taken by the Republic restraining lawless persons
on the frontier. I hope that Mexico, by its -own
action, will soon relieve this Government of the
difficulties experienced from these causes. Our
relations with the various Republics of tho Con
tinent and South America continue, with one
exception, to be cordial and friendly. I recom
mend somo action by Congress regarding tbe
overdue instalments, under tho award of tho
Venezuela Claims Commission of 1S6C. The
internal dissensions of this Government present
no justification for the absence of efforts to meet
their solemn treaty obligations. The ratification
of an extradition treaty with Nicaragua has been
exchanged. It is a subject for congratulation
that tbo great Empire of Brazil has taken tbo
initiatory steps toward tbo abolition of slavery.
Our relations with that Empire, always cordial,
will naturally be made more so by this act. It
is not too much to hope that the Government of
Brazil may hereafter find it for its interest, as
well 03 intrinsically right, to advance toward
cntiro emancipation more rapidly than the
present act contemplates. Tho true prosperity
and greatness of a nation is to bo found in the
elevation and education of its laborers.
SLA VERT IN THE WEST INDIES AND ELSEWITKRK.
It is a subject for regret that tbo reforms in
this direction, which wero voluntarily promised
by Spain, have not been carried out in the West
India Colonies. Tho laws and regulations for
tho apparent abolition of slavery in Cuba and
Porto Rico leave most of tho laborers in bondage,
with no hope of release until their lives become
a burden to their employers. I desire to direct
your attention to the fact that citizens of the
United States are largo holders in foreign lands,
of this species of property, forbidden by tho
fundamental law of their own country. I recom
mend to Congress to provide by stringent legisla
tion a suitable remedy against the holding, own
ing, or dealing in. slave property in foreign lands,
cither as owners, hirers, or mortgagees, by citi
zens of this Government.
CCBA AND SrAIN.
It is to be regretted that the disturbed condi
tion of the Island of Cuba continues to be a
source of annoyance and of anxiety. The ex
istence of a protracted straggle in snch closo
proximity to our own territory, without apparent
prospect of an early termination, cannot be other
than an object of concern to a people who, while
abstaining from interference in the affairs of other
Powers, naturally desire to see every country .in
the undisturbed enjoyment of peace, liberty, and
the blessings of free institutions. Our naval
commanders in Cuban waters havo been in-
strnctcd, in case it should become necessary, to
pare no eflort to protect the lives and properly
of bonajide American "citizens, and to maintain
the dignity of the flag. It is hoped that all
pending questions with Spain, growing out of the
affairs in Cuba, may bo adjusted in the spirit of
peace and conciliation, which has hitherto guided
tho two Powers ia their treatment of such questions.
THE NATIONAL DEBT.
Tho National Debt has been reduced to the
extent of eighty-six millions fifty-seven thousand
one hundred and twenty-six dollars and eighty
cents daring tbe year j and by negotiation of tfco
national bonds at a lower rate of interest, tho
interest on tho public debt has been so far di
minished that now tbo sum to be raised for in
terest account is nearly seventeen millions ol
dollars less than on the 1st of March, 18G9. It
wa3 highly desirable that this rapid diminution
should take place, both to strengthen the credit
of tho country and to convince its citizens of
their entire ability to meet overy dollar of liability
without bankrupting them. But in view of the
accomplishment of these desirable ends, of the
rapid development of the resources of tho coun
try, its increasing ability to meet tho large de
mands, and the amount already paid, it is not
desirable tbat the present resources of tho coun
try should continue to bo taxed in order to con
tinue this rapid payment.
MODIFICATION OF TAX AND TARIFF LAWS.
I therefore recommend n modification of both
the tariff and interest tax laws. I recommend
tbat nil taxes from internal sources bo abolished,
except those on spirituous, vinous and malt
liquors, tobacco in its various forms, and from
stamps. In readjusting tho tarifT, I suggest that
a carelul estimate be made of tho amount of sur
plus revenno collected under tho present laws,
after providing for the current expenses of tho
Government, tbo interest account and a sinking
fund, and that this surplus bo reduced in such
manner ns to afford the greatest relief to tho
greatest number. There aro many articles not
produced at homo, such as medicines compound
ed, from which littlo revenue is derived, bat
which enter into general use. All such articles
I recommend to be placed on the frco list.
Should a further reduction provo cdvisable, I
would then recommend that it be mado apo:
those articles wbicb can bear it without disturb
ing home production, or reducing tho wages of
unencan labor. I havo not entered into figures,
because to do so would bo to repeat all that will
be laid before you in tho Report of tho Secretary
of tho Treasury. The present laws for collecting
revenues pay collectors of customs small salaries,
but provido for shares in all seizures, which, at
the principal ports of entry particularly, raise tho
compensation of those officials to a large sum
It has always seemed to me as if this system
must at times work perniciously. It holds out
inducements to dishonest men, should such get
possession of these offices, to be lax in thci
scrutiny of goods entered, to enable them finally
to mako large seizures. Your attention is re
spectfully invited to this subject.
The continued fluctuations in the value of gold
compared with tho" national currincy has a most
damaging effect upon the increase and develop
ment of the country, in keeping up pnce3 of all
articles necessary in every-day life. It fosters a
spirit of gambling prejudicial alike to national
morals and national finances. If the question
can be met ns to how to got o fixed value to our
currency, tbat value constantly and uniformly
approaching par with specie, a very desirable
object will be gained.
For tho operations of the array in tho past
year, the expenses of maintaining it, the esti
mates for tbo ensuing year, and for continuing
sea-coast and other improvements conducted un
der tho supervision of the War Department, I re
fer you to tho accompanying report of tho Secre
tary of War. I call your attention to the pro
visions of the Act of Congress, approved March
3d, 1SG9, which discontinues promotion in the
staff corps of the army until provided for by law,
I recommend that tho number of officera in each
grade of staff corps bo fixed, and that whenever
the number in any one grado falls below tbe num
ber so fixed, that the vacancy may bo filled by
promotion from tho grade below. I also recom
mend that when tbe office of Chief of Corps be
comes vacant the placo may bo filled by selection
from tho corp3 in which tho vacancy exists.
The report of the Secretary of the Navy shows
an improvement in the number and efficiencv of
the naval force, without material increase in tho
expense of supporting it. This is due to tbe
policy which has been adopted and is being ex
tended as far as our material will admit, of U3imr
smaller vessels as cruisera on the several stations,
by these means wo havo bean enabled to occupy
at onco a larger extent of cruising ground, and
to visit moro frequently the ports where the pres
ence of our flag is desirable, and generally to dis
charge more efficiently tho appropriate duties of
the rvavy m times of peace, without exceeding
the number of men or the expenditures author
ized by law. Daring the past year the Navy ha3
in addition to it3 regular service, supplied the men
and officers for tho vessels of tho Coast Survey,
and has completed the surveys authorized by Con
gress, of tbe Isthmus of Darien and Tehnante
pec, and under like authority has sent out an ex
pedition completely famished and equipped, to
explore the unknown ocean of the North. The
suggestion of the report as to tho necessity for
increasing and improving tbe material of the Na
vy and tbe plan recommended for reducing the
personnel of the service to a peace standard by
the gradual abolition of certain grades of officers,
the reduction of others and the employment of
somo in the service of the commercial marine,
aro all considered and deserve tbe thoughtful at
tention of Congress. I also recommend that all
promotions in the Navy above the rank of Cap
tain bo made by selection instead of by seniority.
This will secure in the higher grades greater
efficiency and hold out an incentivo to young offi
cers to improve themselves in tbo knowledge of
their profession. The present cost of maintain
ing tho Navy, and its cost compared with that of I
tho preceding year, and the estimates for the en
suing year are contained in tho accompanying re
port of the Secretary of the Navy.
rOST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
The enlarged receipts of tho Po3t OfBco De
partment, as shown by tho accompanying report
of the Postmaster General, exhibit a gratifying
increase in that branch of tbo public service. It
is the index of the growth of education and of
the prosperity of the people, two elements highly
conducive to the vigor and stability of republics.
With a vast territory like ours, much of it sparse
ly populated nut all requiring tbo services
ot me man, u is not at present to be ex
pected tbat this Department can bo mado self-sra-
taining; but its gradual approach to this end
from year to year is conGdently relied on, and
tho day is not far distant when the Post Offico of
tliia Government will provo a much greater bless
ing to tbo whole people than it now is.
PROPOSITION TO UNITE TUB TELEGRArH WITH THE
The suggestion of the Postmaster General for
improvements in the Department presided over
by him aro earnestly recommended to your spe
cial attcntiop, especially the document for your
favorable consideration of tbe plan for uniting tho
telegraph system of the United States with .the
postal system. It i3 believed tbat by such a
course the cost of telegraphing could bo much re
duced and the service be a3 well, if not bettor
rendered. It would secure further advantage by
extending the telegraph through portions of the
country where private enterprise will not con
struct it. Commerce, trade, and abovo all, the
efforts to bring a people widely separated into a
community of interests aro always benefitted by
rapid intercommunication. Education, the ground
work of republican institutions, is encouraged by
increasing tho facilities for gathering together
with speed tho news from all parts of tbo coun
try. Tbo desire to reap tho benefit of such im
provemcnt wil stftnulate education. 1 refer you
to the report of tho Postmaster General for fall
details of tho operations of last year, and for
comparative statements of the rcsnlt3 with for
KC-KLUX IN SOUTH CAROLINA,
There has been imposed upon tho Executive
branch of the Government tbo execution of tho
Act of Congress approved April 20th, 1871, and
commonly known ns tho Ku-Klux law, in a por
tion of tho State of South Carolina. The neces
sity of tho course pursued will bo demonstrated
by tho report of tho Committee to investigate
Southern Outrages under tbo provisions of tho
above Act. I issued a Proclamation calling tho
attention of tbe people of tbo United StatC3 to
tho same, and declaring my reluctance to exerciso
any of tho extraordinary powers thereby con
ferred npon mo except in caso of imperative ne-
ce3sity ; but making known my purpose to exer
cise snch powers whenovcr it should becomo ne
cessary to do so for the purposo of securing to
nil eitizoii3 of tbe United States the peaceful en
joyment of tbo rights guaranteed to them by tho
Constitution and tbe laws. After tho passage of
this law, information was received from time to
time that a combination of characters referred to
in this law existed and wero powerful in many
parts of tho Southern States, particularly in cer
tain counties of South Carolina. Careful inves
tigation was made, and it was ascertained that in
nino Counties of tho Stato such combinations
wero active and powerful, embracing a sufficient
portion of the citizens to control tbo local author
ity, and having among other "things tho object of
depriving the emancipated class of tho substan
tial benefits of freedom and of tho privilego
of tho free, political action3 of tboso citizens who
did not sympathize with their own views ; and
among their operations wero frequent scourgings
nnd occasional assassinations, generally perpetrat
ed at night by disguised persons, their victims in
almost all cases being citizens of different politi
cal sentiment from their own, or free persons who
havo shown a disposition to claim equal rights
with other citizens. Thousands of inoffensive
and well-disposed citizens wero sufferers by this
lawless violence. Thereupon, on tho 13th of Oc
tober, 1871, a proclamation wn3 issued in terms
of tho law, calling upon tho members of tho said
combinations to disperse within five days and to
deliver to the Marshal or military officers of tho
United States all arms, ammunition, uniforms,
disguises and other implements used by them for
carrying ont their unlawful purposes. This warn
ing not having been heeded, on tbo 17th of Octo
ber another proclamation was issued, suspending
the writ of habeas corpus in nino counties in
that State, and directions wero given that within
tho counties so designated, persons supposed on
credible information to bo members of such unlaw
ful combinations should be arrested by tho milita
ry force of the United States and delivered to
tbe Marshal to be dealt with according to law,
In two of tbe said counties many arrest3 have
been made, and at last accounts tbo number of
persons thus arrested was 269. Several hundred
whoso criminality was ascertained to bo of an in
ferior degreo wero released for tho present,
Theso havo generally mado confessions of their
guilt Great caution ha3 been exercised in mak
ing these arrests, and notwithstanding their large
number, it is believed that no innocent person is
now in custody. Tho prisoners will bo held for
regular trial before a judicial tribunal of tho Uni
ted State3. As soon as it appeared that the
authorities of the United State3 wero about to
take vigorous measures to enforco tbe law, many
persons, absconded, and there is good reasons for
supposing that all such persons havo been guilty
of violation of the law. A full report of what
has been done under this law will be submitted
to Congres3 by tho Attorney General.
Tnn MORMON QCESTIO.Y.
In Utah tbero still remains a remnant of bar
barism repugnant to civilization, decency, and
to tho law3 of tho United States. Territorial
officers howover, havo been found who aro willing
to perform their duty in a spirit of equity and
with a duo sense of sustaining the majesty of the
law. Neither polygamy nor other violation of
existing statutes will bo permitted within the ter
ritory of the United States. It is not with tho
religion of the self-styled Saints that wo aro now
dealing, but their practices. They will bo protcct-
cdln the worship of God according to tho dic
tates of their own consciences, but they will not
be permitted to violate the laws under tbe cloak
of religion. It may be advisable for Congress to
consider what, in tho execution of tbo laws
against polygamy, is to be the status of tho plu
ral wives and their offspring, and tbe propriety of
Congress passingan enabling act, authorizing the
Territorial Legislature to legitimize all born prior
to a time fixed in the act, might be justified by
s humanity to tboso innocent children. This 13
suggestion only, and not a recommendation.
THE ADMINISTRATION INDIAN POLICT AND ITS
The policy pursued towards tbe Indians has
resulted favorably, so far as can be judged from
the limited time during which it ha3 been in oper
ation. Through the efforts of the variaus socie
ties of Christians, to whom has been entrusted
Commissioners authorized by the law of April
10th, 1869, many tribes of Indians have been in
duced to settle npon reservations to cultivate the
soil and perform productive labor of various kinds
and tojiartially accept civilization. Those are
being cared for in such a way tbat it 13 hoped to
induce those still pursuing their old habits of
lifo to embrace the only opportunity which is left
them to avoid extermination. I recommend lib
eral appropriations to carry out tho Indian peace
policy, not only because it is humane, Christian
like and economical, but becauso it i3 tight. '.
recommend to your favorable consideration also,
tho policy of granting a territorial government to
tho Indians in tbo Indian Territory west of Ar
kansas and Missouri and south of Kansas ; and in
doing Sot every right guaranteed to tho Indians
by treaty should bo secured. Such a course
might in time be tho means of collecting most of
tho Indians now between the Missouri and Pa
cific and south of tho British Possessions, into
one Territory or State. Tho Secretary of tho
Interior has treated npon this subject at length,
and I recommend to you his suggestions.
TCBLIO LANDS SUOCLD BE RESERVED FOR ACTUAL
I renew my recommendation that the public
lands be regarded as a heritage to our children, to
bo disposed of only as required for occupation
and to actual settlers. Those already granted
have been in great part disposed of in such a
way as to secure acces3 to' the balance by tho har
dy settler who may wish to avail himself of them;
but caution should bo exercised even then. In
attaining so desirable an object, tbe educational
interest may well bo assisted by tho grant of the
proceeds of the sals of public lands to settlers.
I do not wish to be understood as recommending.
in the least degreo a curtailment of what is being
dono by tbe general government for, tho encour
agement of education.
THE CENSUS RETURNS AND DEPARTMENT OF XQRI-
Tho report of tho Secretary of tho Interior,
submitted with this, will givo you information
collected and prepared for publication, in regard
to tho census taken during the year 1870, tho
operations of the Bureau of Education for tho
year, tho i'atcnt Umco, tuo i'ension umce, ino
Lind Oflico and tbo Indian Barean. Tbo report
of tho Commissioner of Agriculturo give3 the
operations of his Department for the year. As
agriculturo is the ground work of our prosperity,
too much importanco cannot bo attached to tho
labors of this Department. It is in tho hands of
an nble bead, with ablo assistants, all zealously
devoted to introducing into tho agricultural pro
ductions of tbo nation all useful products adapted
to any of tho various climates and soils of our
vast territory, and to giving all useful information
33 to tho methods of cultivation ot the plants
cereals and other products adapted to our territo
ry. Tbo work is prospering quietly nnd surely,
and tho Agricultural Bureau is working a great
national good, and if liberally supported tho moro
widely its influence will bo extended and the less
dependent wo shall be upon tho products of for
SALARIES OF OFFICIALS.
Tbo subject of compensation to the heads of
Bureaus and officials holding positions of respon
sibility, nnd requiring ability and character to fill
such properly, is ono to which your attention is
invited. But few of tho officials receive a com
pensation equal to tho respectablo support of
family, while their duties aro such as to involvo
millions of dollars and great interests. In pri
vato lifo such services demand compensation
equal to tho services rendered, and a wise econ
omy would dictato tho same, rulo in tbo Gov
EXT ENS ES OF GOVERNMENT.
I havo not given tho estimates for tho support
of tbe Government for tbo ensuing year and a
comparative statement between tha txpenditures
for the year just past and tho one just preceding,
becanso all these figures are contained in the ac
companying reports pr in tboso presented direct
ly to Congress. Theso estimates havo my ap
DISABILITIES IMPOSED BY THE FOURTEENTH AMEND
Jiora man six years Having elapsed since
the last ho3ti!o gnu wa3 fired between tho armies
then arrayed against each other, ono for tho per
petuation tho other for the destruction of the
Union, it may well bo considered whether it i3
not now time that the disabilities 'imposed by
tho Fourteenth Amendment should bo removed.
That instrument doe3 not include tbe ballot, but
only requires tho disability to hold offico of cer
tain classes. When tho purity of the ballot-box
is secure, a majority of one is sure to elect officers
reflecting the views of tho majority. I do not
see the propriety of excluding men from office
merely because they were, beforo tho rebellion,
of a standing and character sufficient to bo elect
ed to positions requiring them to take tho oath
to support tho constitution, and admitting the
eligibility of tho3e ontertaining precisely the same
view3 but of lc33 standing in their communities.
It may bo said that the lormer violated an oath,
while tho latter did not have it in their power to
do so. If they bad taken this oath, it cannot be
doubted they would havo broken it as did tho for
mer class. If there aro any great criminals dis
tinguished abovo all others for the part they took
in opposition to the Government, they might, in
tho jadgment of Cougres3, be excluded from
such amnesty. Tho subject is submitted for your
OSTRACISM IS TOE S0UTOERN STATES.
The condition of the Southern States Is unhappily
ot such as all true patriotic citizens would like to
see. Social ostracism for opinion's sake, and per
sonal violence or threats towards persons entertain
ing political Tlcws opposed to those entertained by
the majority of the .citizens, prevents Immigration
and tbe flow of much needed capital into the States
lately in rebellion. It will be a happy condition of
the country when tbe old citlzensoftbeseStates will
take an interest la public affairs, vote for men re
presenting their views, and permit foil freedom of
expression and theballotin those entertaining differ
ent political convictions.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
Under the provisions of the Act of Congress, ap
proved February 21, 1871, a Territorial Government
was organized in the District ol Columbia. Its re
sults have thus far fully realized tbe expectation of
its advocates. Under the direction of tbe Terri
torial officers, a system, of improvements has been
Inaugurated, by means of wbicb Washington Is ra
pidly becoming a city worthy of the nation's capital.
The citizens of the District havlm; Tolnntarilj taxed
themselves for the purpose of contributing to the
advancement of tbeseat of government, I recommend
liberal appropriations on the part ol Congress, in
order tbat tbe Government may bear Its just share
oftbe expense of carrying out the virions system!)
the Chicago nr.n.
By tbe great fire In Chicago tbe most important
of the Government buildings in tbat city were con
sumed. Those burned tad already become Inade
quate to tbe wants of tbe Government in tbat grow
ing city, and, looking to the near future, were to
tally Inadequate. I recommend, therefore, that an
appropriation be made Immediately to purchase the
remainder of tbe Square on wbicb the burned build
ings stood, provided It can be purchased at a fair
valuation, and provided tbe Legislature of Illinois
tbe execution of the policy, and tho Board of will pais a law authorizing its condemnation for
Government purposes, and also an appropriation f
as much ra jney as can be properly expended, toward
the erection of Government bnlWiogs.
protection or ijruiORAjrrs.
During this fiscal year the number of IansferJBts',
ignorant ol onr laws and habits, and eeralat: Into
our country annually has become so great, awl ta
impositions practised upon tbcra so nnmero-a ant
flagrant, tbat I Burrr-est Congressional set loo tor IWr
protection. It seems to me a fair subject of legfela
tion by Congress. I cannot now state as flilty s I
desire the nature of the complaints made by hs mi
grants of the treatment they receive, tmt win en
deavor to do so during the session ofCorr., par
ticularly If tbe sobjeet should receive y oar Mtcathn.
CTTTL SERVICE REFORM.
It has been tbe aim of tbe Admin 1st ratten to force
honesty and efficiency In alt public servants. Krrery
official who has Tiotated the trust placed In HtstH
been proceeded against with all tbe rigor ot taelaw.
If bad men have secured pteces. It has been Ihefieh
of tins system established by law and eastern for
making appointments, or tbe (salt of those whore
commend for Government positions persons not
sufficiently well known to them personally, or wbo
give letters endorsing tie character of office-seekers
without proper sense of the grate responsibility j
which such a course devolves upon tbcm. A cWU j
service reform, wbicb can in a measure correct this
abuse, is much desired. In mereanllle pursuits tbe j
business man wbo gives a letter of recommendation (
to a friend to enable him to obtain credit from a i
stranger, is regarded as morally responsible tbr tbe
integrity of bis friend and his ability to meet bit ok- .
ligations. A reform which would enforce tMa prin
ciple a-alnt all endorsers of persons forpuMie piece
would insure great caution In mafctne; recoinraaada
tlons. A salutary lesson has been taught Use care
less and tbe dishonest servant In the great number
of prosecutions and conviction of tbe last two yean.
It Is gratirylng to notice the favorable c Ha new which
Is taking place throughout the country la hrimrlBrc
to punishment those wbo have proved recreant to
the trusts confided to them. In elevating to poMIe
offico none but those wbo posses the coaMesce of
the honest and virtuous, who, It will al way be fennd,
comprise the majority of tbe community in which
In my Message to Congress one year aco, I anrent
ly recommended a reform In the civil service oftbe
country. In conformity with that recommendation,
Congress, In tbe ninth section of " An Act making
appropriation far sundry civil expense of Govera-
mcnt, and for other purposes," approved March 3d,
1S71, gave the necessarrauthorlty to the Executive
to Inaugurate a civil service reform, aod placed upon
him the responsibility of doim; so. Coder tho au
thority of said Act I convened a Board of gentlemen
eminently qualified for the work, to devise roles and
regulations to effect tbe needed reform. Their labors
are not yet completed; but it is believed that they
will succeed in devising a plan which can be adopt
ed, to the great relief of the Executive, tbe bead of
Departments and members of Congress, and which
will redound to the trnelnterest of toe poblte ser
vice At all events the experiment shall have a 6lr
I have tbus hastily summed up the operatloM of
the Government during the last year, ami made snch
suggestions as occur to me to be proper for yoar
consideration. I snbmlt them with a confidence
that yoar combined actions will be wise, statesman
like, and In tbo best Interest of the whole country.
V. 3. Obast, President
Executive JAjtufou, Dtember 4, 1S71.
THEOB. G. HEUGK
EX HAWAIIAN BAEK
R. C.WYLIE FROM BREMEU
Maml, Germany & Fraif c,
TTTHrrt MAJKIUI.E. BI TU.19.
1 V ITatraa Tarkb Twwala. Urm Uoe
Te-rett, Whita and any !"- Mock TTle,
Bhwlnta. balvn vf BUakatf a tt Mai ea4 aO tmmm.
hates Brown Cattoa. fcaiae Wit's MadiioilaanaaaVe
of Fancy Knjrhah Pirnca. NaJa White iliaaud FilMTav
bates Printed Brunast. eaaea " e-v k
White Molaaem. W:n Crwa, Brtu. I
An Liaea Unit. I
.aaaaa Whan. laaa.J
! SUk riiaaaillaa for Vaite. I
I nao and Thibas. e Elaah Chars. Has W
! ina. colored Lined OnlU. Wi '-. "! Wr
! lin. Xamseokt. Viewna Lawna. firiae 0a
I 4aO-Maeasear. Blaaa. Whifa a Brw Limm ThaaanU
i Whita Catsan Thraad: "faery ead nnm aiai TWMa.
Hair-sloth -- L D--
I HorrMk's Wait l.t Leac Clath. Craakea C-es-a.
i k-l Dritfiaff Haar-r ?( "arrr. tame-
I kaac Daaian. Italtaa rWUw. Bfeall aad BJa 1
cloth. H-ary wwe i orom a -
d'aaeeae. Catoata and Taeaatrtee. ? raaa.
Cawbnca. SOeeaM, Warra tia.X. Laal
n-tuu maA Triaraiaa Uit tadaf' aar. M
and Whita Liar a H 4tea4a. Blarfe 8W tmt
White Cotton Wsddh (, Zrpa.r Waal. -"add!. t:t.
Black Crane, ate.
Traneh Pea la Water. Fraaeh Paaa hi !Mtar. tmm
Pea and Carrote. AraT. - B'ailty.
Tartla, Jntiea Crab. Kidney. F-rl. Ottml and ra
8aan. tin f Toon. Braeawwk Imr,
ifa. tarrafac. .
A solan and Rarbarrr Jattiae ia jan.
rant. Kaanharry and '"arraat air. a).iiij "-
gar. ae V Uad PWU. PteanHr. Oeaaa ated -kin.
Liasbarg aad Swtat Caaera. haiiala Bra Ptaar.
Sear Cahhace in kegs, kaga 9atad lMaaa. K.at,
Carly Kehl, tin Brenner Xahl or rwr! KM Cm
ke Dateh Herring, tag- ."alia -
Beau, kec aJtad tarkiah raaa. Cm
Seed, demijabna Teltow and Uiaaa
defies and Anehona ia NMI (tea aad tin haxae.
kaga Saltpeter. eaa Sweat OB. WaarybaHn Been,
kacs Raaiia, Sardiaa. find Pinna at cfaee.
na Fig in glaas. Zant Cananta ia tiae. Mnat (tat
ties ia tin. Capers in (hat, ilaaw Pmii id Laanp
rerf . Ra.ta Caviar in patent bsa. 'anillia. "alia a
tar Soap, Preach Chnarlat. raw I iar tar- .
aTaninaa aad other waatowat. V
fohat aad barrel, (iioeery Paper i
24 DIFFERENT SHMftS KST BMtlMi.1 WtRC
GASTLE & GOOKE
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL!
SUPERIOR ASSORTMENT OF GOODS!
Consisting in l'art of
Finest White all Wool 4-4 Flannel,
Finest YVhllo nil Wool A AdcoI WhHcManntlf,
Good Qroy and White all Wool
Flannels, 10x4 Bleached Sheeting,
Thompson's (jlovc-l'itthiR Uorset,
Amoskeag Dtnims, Jeans, Brill and
Bleached and Unbleached Cotton.
A Sup'r Ass't of .Stationery,
Water Lined Note Paper,
White Kuled Not Paper,
ii uue Kmeu i.aici i.eni, Letter ami iiut raaer.
White, Cuff and Amber and Letter and et
Paysen's Indelible, and Carter's Coptiar; Ink,
Artists .c iieeK-Keepers' i'lutkle Itnten,
jSmlth A Wesson's Pistols x Cartridges,
Hair GUths, Stirrups Leathers,
Spanish Trees, Croupers and lirMles,
Oak Belting, Street Brooms,
Wood Faucets, Lamp Illaek,
Italian l,ncJfiii;r "l-nce Leather,
Paints, Oils, &c.
White Zinc & Lead, in 1, 2 1 25 ft container
I'aris and Chroma Green,.
Chrome Yellow, Umber, Slenner,
Patent Dryer, Vermillion, .
Whiting Prussian, Blue, Bladders c-f Patty,
Carriage and Coach Varnish,
Bright, Copal and Furniture Varnish,
Boiled Linseed Oil, Turpentine,
Mason's Blacking, Cofleo Mills,
Aie. Pick, Sledge, Adi, Hoe, Oo,
Hammer .t'Chfiel Handles,
Wool Cards, Saddles, Enameled Trnnki,
Croicrs, Ifowels, and ("hampering Knives,
Fore, Smooth. Jack A Jointers.
Cut Kails, 3, 4, 6, S, 10, 12, 29, 34,48, M ami
ouu, uoatnallj, l, l$,lj 21nh,
Frewed Kails, 22 ineb,
Coopor' Rirets, 4. 7 a 8 lbs, jfe
Copper Rivets a Burs, , ,
i k i ineb, Gimp Taeks,
Iron i Copper Taeks ot all she.
Best Jtabker Hose, i, , 1, 1 2 Ineb,
Centrifugal, Varnith, Paint, WbHe-Waaa
and Scrub Brushes, Cor'd Tin Palls,
. 1, 2, 3. 4, . 8.10 1 12 quarts.
Covered Slop Pails, Dippers,
Dish and Milk Pans,
Jennins'sbits, seldering ironi , "CJlngef, tteeb.
Hammers, Ganges, Squares, Chisels,
Angers. Sieves. Lime Sqneexer,
Yard Sticks, Bang Starters, Axes,
Shove), Spades, Oos, Lanterns,
Eagle Horse, A and 0 Plows and
Points, Paris PIow, citra heavy and strong.
Protoxide of Iron, Pain Killer,
Poland's White Pine Compound,
Pails, Tubs, Brooms, Etc.. Etc.
DOWNER'S KESOSENE OIL,
From the Boston Honse.
And Many Other Articles
33- A TGI, TO BE SOLD LOIV". Sta
To Let or Lease.
Those very Desirable Premise
on the Plains, known as UI.ULANT, at pres
ent occupied by Mr. 8. B. Dole. Tbe DneD
Ing House consists of a laraa Parlor. TTKam
Boom, three Bed Rooms, and Paatrr. two l..
Store Rooms on basement; there Is also en the lasd
a Cottage containing, two rooms, detached Kitehea,
Servants' Uouse, S tables. Ac. Ac. with a wail ol
good water. Also a Cottage in Naaaan Valley, if
applied for immediately. For farther partieekrs an
P'Jto 26 J. 3. LKMOK.
earn. lHl W1.X1
rranesaaUek. delnaaaawir. rTtekaei. Wimm an.
Kadesbeiurr, Deldeklii. Piiekineajtel.
ed reeni. Made 11 aad tMl ia .
aad Haat Pastern. Caaa CLARET.
ech as Ce.it Lrtagaa. Lac'aag. Lvdba. CTaaaaaw,
tin. Cases Port Was, Sherry. Xaraeaiaw. Mart Ex
tract. Sordaaasar Braatwete. aad I mil WW-
kcT. TSordbaeter Kaanaal aad 4aaM Ka
ish Punch and Coefcaail. Fraaak C.
and Boonekamp Bitters, east and rani Bntlaaid ..
imitation Holland His. aks Brandy Sk ai Ban.
TDeetJea A Schroder star brand Al aa4 tt.
Xorwegiaa Beer ia pta aad fta. Marian's Draft i! a
casks. Alcohol ia detagoaa aad kf. anttia Water.
Ladtas' Hals and Boenef. new rr!aa. V--ii
Hats aad ('eats' Felt Hat, new style. Ladw -.1-dran's
and Genf' B!ot, wlrd KM I'nw for f.a
die and Goats. Saspeader. Oejrtera, .fae
Vests, Ina Blaa Sack. Biaea aad Ma data Pa.
Wait Dnek Smtkt, Pant aad Tat. Ortaaa ea .
pace Sacs, Prima Pants, tfnred Bali lia Pa,
Bgared Victoria Pants. -itk riabni'a. I
frames astrn i. Ladiaa' Sdk t'abrUc Vw m
Ben Cot to a Umbrella, a -.,rt f ..-a,
Liaea aad Paper Colar. 5ektw. )tn' ate and
grey baaTT meria half-ho. mea't aad Wt. Sa
raw a eottoa aaeks. ladiaa' aaeenae -rhitm taaaaaaap.
Meria eadetaairta aad drawers. Ttre anion. ai
eattaai aadershiru. ailatrla jareat, ahee jmrk
eit, waterproof eoau. white wttan kimmsil Taaailtn
eUefs. saaaiior whita liaaa aad tawa kaaaskaHir'..
BMnrniag aandkerelua calico aad ladapu' im ar-
aad other aaaseran article.
BLANK BOOKS. aa as ladcen. jweeJ. tr
book, ease, book., tok , a jeans boa, .av
ian; book, no boob. bok Mioe. k .
BUI. cap aad latter paper, tea and pea kaJdm. .at.
eonyiac presses, ete. at.
IeStlTTta c&2 -OH.
rfbise lead aad line.
Mdodoons, Iron Safes,
TOO ROSE-WOOD . COTTAGE PMHQS!
Beet aa de eoog3. pomaran. baar aeU an per
faatary, toilet soap, etc. s.
Caatt aickaacks and hany sillsliit. tare aad Mat.
jam narre. nteaer ham anel pea hi
awaltay, fflt Wiling, rihhaa ia mra i
nth aad plumes. at-OCeanl aa an
jutt pereha roand eeath. drawn; anal taa tauta
heat of Oermaa Hajara,earha. alack hat niha.
polished Mace wise, a feed artaebi. asop t aa. hui
rope, hasp mil twia. walking- stiaa. iHdbs rtrtar.
mom aad ete. aaar nnt. aamrkna .
seatai glean taaiariamp. watte i
A VERY DBSIRABLE XBW
COTTAGE, eontainlns an eleuant
Parlor, six or serea Bedreemi, Ufa.
ing Room, Kitchen and Pantry, Bath
House, Servants' II Bate. Tt,
Hoase Is rnrrounded bv Garden and Pattnm Cmt.
aad is pleasantly located in one of the moit healthy
parts of the city. Apply to
l tr HUGO STASOEXWALD, M. D.
To be Let.
The House Slakai of Dr.
Staajenwald'a residence, Ktraanu Ave
nue. Apply at tbe OSce of this paper.
Expected per German Bark "Me,
Via San Francisco.
GOODS SUITABLE FOR ALL TRADES!
DRY GOODS, HARDWARE,
PEJtrrXERY, Ac. Jfc.-.
EXPECTED via PANAMA
flASES PRDTFS, ULAUR, wfcv au-i
J dark (rawed tnmU.
TWEEDS, OASSIMEEES, CLOTHS
WHITE and BROWX
Boots & Shoes for Ladles,
GENTS -tad CHILDREN.
Denims, Brilliants aad
Numerous Other ArtiI3
SUITABLE FOB THE TEADE I
FROM BOSTON PER CEYLON
Caes DowBcr't Beat Kmeaca 05,
Cues Best Amam Grad 3f-etcfae&.
Bales American Hmyj
Amoskeatj- Denerraf, c Ac
ALL THE ABOVE AEE FOB SALE
REASONABLE TERMS & LIBERAL PrUCES
Country Dealers arePartely km.
Xy Steele Vetera sareeaae; eWaere.
S-3n THEOD. C. BMVCK. ?H ?toet.
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