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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, March 04, 1874, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1874-03-04/ed-1/seq-4/

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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE
SKETCH OF KLN'G LCAALILO,
tatcKin? or ttic Hawaiian Islands.
Wmmx Or&sucs Lpxaijlo, whoso
Infill Wiefiy announced in our issue
f mt''ws'booi in Homdnhi, January
mjOBtaai nra$ JeHmJaa from life
ML 4T -Uk Royal Hue SfTTawarian
Hk mother was Keradiajohi,
i aim as Aabes and also as Kaa.hu-
i IIL, Ktstritts. Xui or Premier under
OT and was married to
qfcwta "Eaiwun, from which marriage
tiwo iwir "were Wit, David and William,
liw imer tWeel Tviten quite young. Wil
1 Smb. !h ailocJkis mother's death, when
Am fight years of age, was placed in
Ac Rja) SAW injUiis city, kept by Mr.
jmi vHrs. OHHie, wlfcfe he received a lib
mi flfeeatMB, aai as he possessed riatn
nBf a ejatnL raind, he became one of the
flkha in Uie school. For English
sJtiMeaTlitastsjre be had great fondness,
atttlfciiiwiliiiiTty with Uw English poets
DWMMriaWs. It was tbis taste that
SM Mm t wdnlge ia writing poetry,
lino ofwtHti ws well jomjKsed.
We Smi aawttg or old papers a
jfmo, uMah be composed in 1652, when
W wm, W. 17 years of sge. lie brought
it soon after it -was -written, and
nt&ti it printed, but as it did not rhyme
i mi nil - CAinn finiclimrr ctrnlrp it.
mU(, ad -forgotten by us till
luejwitlf. As a ouriosit wc insert
Isaa, ukiifc is apftareotlr a translation
. 2 J .'TTaw.UneCT.oflttic.lPaciric.
ahal JMtaM thjr.wnfUjcnewnM,
s iiiihWiie rearm
e wMi ttoatws tMft to do.
Man, Hoeting,
Jim llasavsr read aeja-rtc,
, Hdmi tbeOcSo'Qseea!" 1
, wSJ Hawaii eta.,
mA, ai Ulo fafcb,
fTlsjssJsass, jai ij n ii in ii ultlliliii '
' .AMjk ae wMk mHK wMCt " -T,
iahi of the nation,
Jtat eseJHiniii one sad alt,
tjMapMd akateat
'9M0fcC Hawaii the Oena Ceca!"
tf-tfck bmtop bright,
i. to former Units
$'1fi0hsMe Un teetse oWd,
al r aartenM heart bs freed;
rand aart.
Wm. C. Lcnalxlo.
Tears sco, : be called
a)asa
erMtorisrf sanctum and sat
- taMe. Ia ibe coarse of the
we staggeeted that he bc
(xtor for the prise which had
for tite beet Hawaiian vcr-
CW frc tlte King." He took
aatl ia Iftewi or twenty minutes
varsae, which wo enclosed
aed passed together with
others to the judges, who
l" die jwiee, and this is now
taavwatifts Use Hawaiian National Hymn
sppt tbc AVe insert below
. ana atso ue r.ngnsii iransia-
i Mr. Lvoas. Tlie -Hawaiian
: of tbe grand eel productions
OI km ?Io I kt Aloia; "
MBU I'Ek ME1 XXEEIT w. & UJSAIJLO.
I. Be Jm am au,
,.4C f l fc'M"1 ' J J
Kaa Kaw awtBM,
K Bukac Mi Mi, ,o J
1- -
X. Kafcaa kaic
Safe el
m Tm mm
b ke ea e
li Mai.
God SaiT Ibe Ivlnp.
TtJ?StIrBf Tir'arr. 1 l.Ltoss?
tH iKfal-aWM,
Man. iM J MsU iWr,
OarSawaiea Kia;
V Twerfiiliann -
Wm Abb asr Sre all bars),
cSeloio
atwe oar ftafta Meesd,
5 DMcRrcMirKfagt
m.iiliL-Aof. lOagaf Ktagf,
0( aham al satare Msfi,
Oar arajM-Vrfug ;
.Tit fKi?ifi? 3 s
ISbf jwaee sad ssia give,
lal iX far can iwelre :
i private papers tbcre exists
mwmmmnm volume wiui some twenty
ajr tWr tngs, possessing more or less
Bwm'" mriiill Wc reprint the above to
fBaliratc Ifes taJent, which was of more
tlaM pS&ry quality, and for a Hawaiian
fc wrtaiDiyToitrardinary. -r
"Whoa Jvataabamoha V. suddenly djed
ia DeesrAxsr, IS 72, wilbont appointing a
raatftrrtr, It was apparent to all that the
nafn. why he iailod to do so,
ssas fl vry-&ne why "Prince Tlliam
JiudU 1 the successor, because he out
XM&rd'aMtbe Nobles. Had he been a
3mnte of the King, he would unijues-rhMTTljftTTC'receiTcdjIie-appointment.
He at ow5cdecyb,a,candi
jae 4br Sag, and was encouraged Hy
she Srm advice of his friends, who saw
thai hk claims could not rightfully be
ignored. When advised by some to issue
a
ap
aaSgs'(fcf
a3fwerve
ilBBIavaCT H1UM, VNIH,
a proclamation declaring himself King,
he answered that he intended to actstnet-
ly according to the Constitution, and had
confidence in the people. It was at this
time that he was 'urged to abandon the
use of intoxicating drinks, and pledged
his word of honor to do so, which he
kept during the interrcgnnm and until
after his election as King, when he was
pressed by some, who, when the "records
of the Eternal Throne are disclosed, may
find the charge written there against their
names. God arid himself onljknew now
manfully he btruggled against.this failing.
Never was there among the Hawaiians a
more genial, loving and confiding spirit
than that possessed by Lunahlo. Inose
who knew him best will testify to his
warm friendship. There was a mysterious
influence about him which made everyone
whom he met love him and feel that he
was a brother. . . . .
In polities his views -wcrc"3emocratic.
too much so. ncrhans. lor a ftimr. no
was invariably on the popular side in
every question that came up, and his
sympathies were with the people. This
was rcallv the secret of the extraordinary
love for him, which showed itself in the
wonderful outburst of popular enthusiasm
at the election which took place January
1. 1873, when he received ncarry. c very-
vole throuchout the uroup. Iscv'cr was
such a scene witnessed in any country,
as when tlie whole Hawaiian people, with
scarcely a dissenting voice, unanimously
called him to be their Kim;.
He was always averse to any show or
parade onjijs aceount, wishing. only to be
known as one of the people. Js-On the day
of his election ,as King, whermasked if he
would have a carriage provided to take
linn to and from the .Legislative Assem
bly, he answered, " No, I am one of the
people. I will walk as they do." -And all
will remember how ho walked from the
Legislative Hall tpithe Palace after his
election, with uncovered head, amid the
wildest shouts of an enthusiastic and ad
miring people. These little incidents
show What he was better than any else.
Of- his short reign we shall have little
to say. It commenced well with the se
lection ol men to be his constitutional ad
visers, who possessed character, and who
gave his government a high reputation at
home and abroad. His creat desire was
to do something for the advancement of
the nation, and he listened eagerly yet
cautiously to what advice was given
But before any measure could be matured
and carried out, the destroying angel
came aud marked him as his own, and tlie
best human skill proved powerless to save.
For six long months he patiently bore the
sickness which had attacked him, gradu
ally wasting in flesh and strength, till his
spirit fled to its Maker on the evening of
1' ebruary 3d. His disease was pulmonary
consumption.
. Durincr his last illness he suffered, but
little pain, "as usual with consumptives.
So mo days before his death, it became
evident that he could not live long, but he
rallied so frequently that the symptoms
were quite deceptive. About half-past
eight o'clock, on the evening of the 3d of
February, he looked up and said to his
attendants, in Hawaiian. "I am now dy
ing," then turned his head on his pillow,
closed his eyes, as if going to sleep, and
calmlv expired. Such was the death of
King Lunalilo. There were around his
bed at the lime, his venerable father
Charles Kanaiua, Queen Emma, Mrs. Bish
op, the Governess of Hawaii, Minister
Stirling, Mrs. Jsaca, and Drs. Irosseau
and Oliver his physicians, with several
attendants.
The 'late King left a will, which was
made June 7, 1ST I. It leaves his person
al property to his father absolutely; his
real estate to his father for life, und failing
heirs of his body, after the decease of his
father, the real estate is devised to three
trustees, to be appointed bv the iudscs of
uie supreme uourt, wnoareio.seii ii, ami
of the avails, the sum of $25,001) is to be
expended in building an "Infirmary for
poor, aged and infirm people of Hawaiian
birth or extraction." A codicil was exe
cuted by His late Majesty on the 31st of
Jauuary, 1874, by which he leaves to
Queen Emma his Marine Residence at
Waikiki, upon his father's decease. It also
directs that the avails of his real estate,
over the sum of $25,000, shall constitute
si ' i " . '.Til :r ' i
La,fuud for, the support of the benevolent
Vlnnf mmttimm1 i i lin v nnn lilrr hnr
that his remains be entombe'd in the Ka
waiahao Church Yard. The estate may
lniouut to $100,000, the bulk of whiclnvjll
"go to fouud what may be called Lunalilo
Hospital, a .monument that would .per
petuate his name as long as Hawaii is
known.
A few hours after his death, the corpse
was transferred to the Palace, where it
was laid out in State, dressed in the
clothes which the deceased King wore ouj
tliSflay he took the Oath at Kawaiahao
Cimroh. At 10 o'clock Wednesday, Feb
ruary 4th, the Palace gates were opened
to the public, aud from that hour till
quarter past two r. sr., a continuous pro
ccssion'passcd through the Palace. Not
less than eight to ten thousand persons
vie weH the royal remains, and it was affect
ing to hear the piteous wailing of the old
natives, many of whom spent hours in re
citing kanikaus in memory of their de
ceased Chieftain. After the public had
all passedithrough the Palace, the military
companies, including the Rifles, Artillery,
.Cavalry with the Band, jnarched in and
took a last look at thcir"Commandcr-in-phicf.
There 'w ere present on this occa
sion all of the high Officers of tlicGovern
'ment aud most oflhc Chiefs and Nobles.
On Wednesday, about midnight, the
remains of the King werj placed in a lead
coffin, dressed as they, appeared during
tlie day." His aged father, Kahaina, 'stood
by to superintend the proceedings, and
when the body of his darling and only
child was raised from the Royal feather
robe on which it had rested while in state,
he ordered that the body should be wrap
ped in Uie precious robe before being de
posited in the coflin, saying, "He is the
List of our family, it belongs to him."
!Thc natives who stood by were startled
. j i . . i . , j
ana lurnea paic at uus sirane commauu,
for it was the large feather robe of Kekan
luohi, which descended from her Royal
ancestors, the Chieftains of Hawaii Only
onc like it now remains, that which is
spread over the throne on the opening- of
Parliament, and which is valued at over
twenty-five thousand dollars. It is no ex
aggeration, to state that one hundred
thousand dollars could not reproduce a
feather robe one fathom square, like that
wrapped around the body of Lunalilo," for
a million of birds possessed of rare red and
yello-iy feathers, were caught to furnish
the material of which it is made. There
let it lie with this noble and beloved Chief
tain' who was the last of ja Rbyal ifamily.
'The Jrwle of heraldr, the pomp of power,
AH dut beauty, all that wealth e'er give,
Await alike the ineritable hoar
The path of glory leads bat to the grave."
The Riot of February 12th,
Immediately after the announcement of
th'6 election of Prince KaUkaua as King"
by th6 legislative Assembly, which took
place about three o'clock on the afternoon
nf thn 12th. it became apparent that the
natives who stood around the build-.
ing were not pleased with the result. No
outbreak occurred, till the Committee
which had becnfappoinlcd to notify the
lung of his election attempted to leave
the building and enter the carriage wait
inf to convev them to the Palace. This
Committee consisted of five renrcscnta'
tives. The crowd surrounded the carriage
and laid hands on them, and they attempt
ed to defend themselves, as best they could
without weapons, iwo ot them were
badly -wounded before they effected "en
trance into the building to which they rc-
treaied. The carriage was almost instant
ly demolished, the spokes and other pieces
Knrvint? as weapons to arm the rioters, who
now becan to be warmed up for further
destruction. A foreigner by the name of
Foley, a British subject, who attempted
to assist the Represetatives, was knocked
down and beaten by the rabble, until the
British Commissioner camejto his relief
mul rscorted him from the sceue.
The crowd now rapidly increased, and
became more noisy till about four o'clock,
when a rush was made at the front door
of the building, through which they burst.
The government officers and others inside
succeeded for a while to, prevent the en
trance of the rioters, whonhen broke open
the side and rear doors, and commenced
demolishing the furniture, while a volley
of .stones Irom the crowd oroh'c nearly
every pane of glass and sash in the lower
part 01 tnc ounuing, anu soinu in uie sec
ond story. An extra Police force had
been enrolled the day previous, but except
from those stationed inside, little or no
assistance was obtained from the Police,
who simply stood by and looked on, ap
narently sympathizing with the mob. It
may be added that . none of them were
armed even with batons.
The entire building was now at the
mercy of the mob, and the destruction of
chairs, tables, lurniture, papers and books
was executed so rapidly that injess than
half an hour the furniture and 'contents
were thrown out from nearly every room
on the first and Eccond floors. The office
of the Clerks of the Court and thcLibrary
alone were respected. Marshal Parke,
iMr. Barnard, assistant Clerk, blienit JJay
ton aud two Policemen, guarded these
records of the Court, and pursuaded the
rioters to leave the'm untouched, as" they
were the property ot the people. Had the
wills and records on deposit hcrebcen de
stroyed, the loss could never Jhavc been
repaired, and the confusion to which it
would have given rise must have auectcd
every interest in the Kingdom.
In this room where ttic records were
preserved, were four Representatives, who
remained unharmed during the riot. ' The
crowd broke into the library room, and
found one Representative, whom they
robbed of his money and then beat very
severely. The books of'thc Court library
were left untouched.
It now became apparent that unless an
armed force could bo' brought in to check
the rioters, the building would be-fired,
and the destruction of this and other pro
perty might follow. An order had been
issued, immediately after the riot com
menced, for the Rifles and Artillery Com
panies to appear on duty, but a sufficient
number ?oT members not having been
found, to be of any service in quelling the
mob, all hope of aid from this quarter was
abandoned.
Several gentlemen had been to Queen
Emma, and requested her to call off her
supporters, but no response came from
that quarter. The only alternative; in
this emergency, was to seek aid from the
war vessels in port. About half-past 4 r.
sr., a written request was sent by the
Minister of Foreign Affairs, on behalf of
the Government, to tlie American Min
ister Resident, for a detachment to bo
landed from the U. S. ships Tuscarora and
Portsmouth, lying in the harbor. And a
similar request was transmitted to the
British Consul General. These notes we
,.iuscrt :
UErAUTMENT OP rOREIGN AFFAIRS, 1
Honolulu, Fob.' 121b, 1874. (
Silt: A riotous mob bavins uoorpcctcdlrmadc a
violent attack upon the Court House and tbu Mem
bers of the Lc-cUDttire, which we have notttic torce
at baud to resist, 1 have to request that you will
cause to be furnished at the earliest moment pos
sible aid from the U. S. ships "Tuscarora" and
. " PortsmoutU" to the Police, in quelling the riot
and temporarily protecting mo ana property.
Your obedient servant,
Ciias. It. Biauor.
Uis Excellency Henry A. Tcircc,
Minister Ucsidcut of the United States.
Department of Foreign Affairs, 1
Honolulu, Feb. 12th, lb74. f
Sir: A riotous mob bavins unexpectedly made a
9 violent attack upon the Court Honscnnd the- Mcm-
UCrs ul lue XjelMltlulc, muuil n uiimnuiiuuiuiLi;
at band to resist, I have to request that you wilt
cause to bo furnUhcd at the earliest moment pos
sible aid Irom 11. B. M.'s ship " Tencdos" to the
Police In quelling the riot and temporarily protect
ing life and property.
Tour obedient servant,
Cuas. K. Bisnor.
Major James May Wodchonse,
11. D. M.'s Commissioner and Consul General.
JJoth these gentlemen immediately res
ponded. By preconcerted signals from
the shore, the troops from the American
vessels to the number of about 150, ac
companied with their Gattling' gun, .were
landed within five minutes after the sig
nal was given, and those from the British
shin Tencdos some ten minutes later. Im-
"moiliatiely on the appearance of the naval
lorces, inc rioters inrew uuwn inuir uiuus
and left the building, most of them going
in a. body to Queen- Emma's residence,
shoutiiig that to-morrow they would see
that she was chosen Queen. Here they
continued to be very demonstrative, hur
rahing and making speeches, until a de
tachment "of marines and ijoHcq entered
the premises, arrested somf: ana dispersed
the rest. '
Among the foreigners who were con
sSilfuous in efforts to cheek the rioters,
were Messrs. 0. 0. Harris, S. B. and G. II.
Dole. When the rush was made for the
Police Court room, Mr. Harris stood -in
the doorway aud, at the peril of his life,
resisted the infuriate mob. ' When the
rioters raised their clubs over his head, he
threw off his hat and dared them to strike
a blow. Then single handed pitched
about a dozen of them off the steps, and
continued to guard the outer door, though
the rioters effected 'entrance-at1 another
door and succeeded in their designs of
destroying the furniture.
The American Minister and the British
and French Consuls were also on the
ground during the disturbance; and active
in endeavors to check the fury .of the mob,
and when they found their efforts-useless,
the two former quickly and cordially co
operated in complying, with theTcqucst of
the Government for the landing of troops
from the war vessels. Nothing but the
prompt appearance bf these forces on the i
scene' pnt a stop t6 the riot, and saved
the further destruction of property.
As no outbreak of this kind had
ever occurred hero before, no trouble was
anticipated and no firearms had been pro
vided. The Marshal had one or two pis
tols in his office, and two of the repre
sentatives were armed with pistols, but
they were not used ; and it is perhaps as
well that they were not discharged, as
this number could have had but little ef
fect in staying the riot, and may have in
creased it Had there been twenty-five
armed persons in the building at the out-
cn tlinrn n-nnld biivn TlPPn no Outbreak.
It was this entire absence of means of de
fence that encouraged the rioters.
The fury of the mob was aimed at the
representatives who had voted lor avai.
.A
katja, and tne Dtiiiamg was Erareutu i
tlinm Wlinnpypr one was found, he W
for
as
coirorl nnd lipatnn without merCV. In all.
tliirlnon i-nnTTWPntnfivpS WOTO WOlindcd.
also one foreigner and one native not con
nected with the Assembly. Messrs. Kipi
and Haupu of Ililo, Ivakani of liana, and
Nahinn of South Kona were-thc most
dangerously injured, and will require sev
eral days or weeks to recover. The others,
Messrs. Birch, Kaukaha, Moehonua, Ka
pule, Kaine, Kupihea, Koakanu, Lonoaca
escaped with slight wounds. It is remark
able that nobody was killed, when sucn
savage attacks were made on tne victims.
Pools of blood covered tho mattings and
flnnrs. while the plastcnnir in various
fWmmd wne innnrnrl M-itll lllood.
During the night the loreign marine
forces held possession of the Coiirt House,
Prison, Barracks, Palace, and government
offices, and continued in possession
of.part of the premises till the 20th, when
all were withdrawn, oeverai suois wru
fired on the guards stationed around the
Court House orf the first night after the
l.iif nAnr flinf. llinrn nn flo-
fmnnotrfitinn nf nnv kind no-.lilist them
Tlie Artillery company, uiuier oaptain
TTnccStirtiii lino linnn nn rrilfirfl nf. t1lf Tfl
lace day and night, since the death of the
late King, and has rendered good service.
This is the only company that has bcci
i . .1... .1 . . T . 1 nnp .nfXn.1l
on constant uiuy, uuimj; niu jjdu muiim,
and it has iii addition fired all the salutes
which have been called lor.
Tim Ini-rrnr nrii-r. nf the rinfnrs wprfl p.vi-
drnt.lv from Koolau. Ewa and Waialua.
W HO came into town ior iuu ujtpruss (im
pose of influencing the election. They
were no doubt encouraged by persons in
this city, whose complicity, it is hoped,
will be traced out. That they came hero
with the determination to create a dis
turbance, if neccessary to secure the elec
tion of their candidate, there can be no
mtrw.inn Tliiv ncspmlilf'il In i.lm mm-mii
i,u-.jvw... -"vj n
at the residence of Queen Emma, and a
little uelore noon marched in squaus pi a
hundred or more to the Court House,
where they remained till the elegtion was
nvnr lm Inndors pnnsl nnt.Iv liaran!ruin!r
the populace. Although there were sev
eral hundred engaged m the not, it will
probably bo found that the leaders and
prompters do not exceed a dozen. It is
stated that .some of the soldiers who were
concerned in the mutiny at tho barracks
were also in this riot.
Soon after the arrival of the marines,
tlie police' began to mako arrests, and be
fore nightfall secured .some" ten or
twelve. This number has been increased
to about eighty, most of whom have been
recoguized by the Representatives aud
others. Some have acknowledged that
they took part in the riot, and there will
probably bo no trouble in obtaining evi
dence to convict at least-- the most active
among them. Up to this date, about fifty
of those who have been examined have
been committed for trial before the Su
preme Court in April.
Curiosities of tlie Deep Sea.
The London New furnishes the follow
ing hints'with reference to the results of
the Challenger expedition : ,
In the section between Bermudas, the
Azores, and Madeira, the bottom tempera
ture was ascertained nineteen fimes, and
seventeen station series of temperature
soundings were taken at various intervals
and to different depths, but usually at in
tervals of 100 fathoms from the surface to
1,500. The bottom temperature was found
to Co on the whole very uniform. This
section, like tlie first between Tcnerifie
and St. Thomas," is divided into"' two
trouchs. this time by the plateau of
Azores ; but there seems every likelihood
that the'1 Dolphin rise" ot the hrst sec
tion is continuous with that plateau. The
eastern valley is here, however, very much
contracted, and the western, which in
cludes the little pinnacle of Bermudas, is
widened to a corresponding degree.
Twenty-five depth soundings were taken
in this fccction, and on each occasion a suf
ficient, sample of. the bottom was recover
ed. The depths between Bermudas and
Madeira were not so great as in tho
first section, no single sounding having
reached 2.000 fathoms. A number of
soundings in the western valley gave a
calcareous ooze more or less mixed with
red clay, containing many foramenifera,
but not a preponderance of recognizable
globigcrinaj ; to this Professor Wyvillo
Thomson has given the name of "gray
ooze." Near the Azores the ooze first be
camc mixed with small lumps of pumice,
and as the ship got in among the islands,
gave place to a volcanic sand, the product
of the disintegration of beds of volcanic
ash and of traohylic and dolcritic lavas.
The deep-water dredging along tho lino
was not very productive so far as animal
life is concerned, though many new forms
were added, Feve'ral of them of great in
terest. Many of the'snecies were identi
cal with those developed in the Light
ning and Porcupine and in the (Jhallcngcr
in her northern section ; and the entire as
semblage certainly confirms the opinion
that the deep-sea fauna is very unilorm,
and that its constituent species are very
widely distributed.' Many ol tliepjcies
which are found in the seas of the Azores
at-depths beyond 1,000 fathoms have"1 a
remarkable correspondence with northern
tvnes: and Professor Thomson regards
this as simply additional evidence of the
. . -' r i r t:..:
wiue extension oi a ueep-sea munu hvuijj
under conditions similar to those of lesser
depths in higher latitudes.
On Wednesday Juno 18, tne snip was in
about laU 35 deer. N. and long. 60 deg. W.
In this part of the voyage tho absence
of the higher lorms ot animal lite wasj
very striking. The Challenger was now'
in the neighborhood of the Samasso Sea,
with which those on board had now be
come familiar, as they5 had already nearly
circumnavigated it. NoV a sea,-bird wa
to-be seen, with the exception of a little
flock of Mother Carey's chickens, which
kept playing, round the ship, on the TCrtch
for- food, every ridtviSh'd! then cdncpnfrat
ing uppp some peculiarly rich store of
scraps as it passed astern," and staying by
It while the ship went on for a quarter of
a mile, fluttering above the water and
daintily touching it with their feet as they
stopped and picked up the floating
crumbs, and then rising and scattering in
tho air to overtake us and resume their
watch.
Tho sea itself in the bright weather,
usually under a light breeze, was singu
larly beautiful of a splendid indigo blue of
varying shades as it passed from sunlight
into shadow, flecked with curling white
crests ; but those on board felt very sol
itary ; day after day went by without a
single creature (shark, porpoise, dolphin,
or turtle) being visible. Some gulfwced
passed from time to time, and bunches of
a species of facu-t, evidently living and
growing, and participating in the wander
ing aud pelagic habits of tSarffassum. The
floating islands of the gulfwecd are usual
ly from a couple of feet to two or three
yards in diameter, sometimes much lar
ger ; on one or two occaisions fields sev
eral acres in extent were seen, and such
expanses arc probably more frequent
nearer the centre of its area of distribu
tion. They consist of a single layer of
feathery branches of the weed jargas
sum bacciferum, not matted together, but
floating nearly of one another, only suf
ficiently entangled for the "mass to keep
together. The general color of tho mass
of weed is thus olive in all its shades,
but the golden olive of the young and
growing branches greatly predominates.
This color is, however, greatly broken up
by tho delicate branches of the weed,
blotched with vivid white of the encrust
ing polyzoon, and riddled by reflections
from the bright blue water gleamiug
through the spaces in the net-work. The!
general effect of a number of such fields
and patches of weed in abrupt and yet
most harmonious contrast with the leaves
of intense indigo which separate them is
very pleasing.
These floating islands have inhabitants.,
peculiar to them, which exhibit perfect
examples of protective resemblances An
imals driftinglrabout on the surface of tho
sea with such scanty cover asahe single
broken layer of the sea weed must bo ex
posed to exceptional danger from the
sharp sea-birds hovcriiig7 rtbovc them, and
from the hungry fishessearchiiig for prey
beneath ; but one and all of those crea
tures imitate in such an extraordinary
way, both in form and coloring, their
floating habitat, and consequently one
another, that it is easy to imagine their
deceiving bothj. the birds and the fishes.
A Small Lot of Westphalia Hams,
A l'rlmc Article,
Just Eeceived ex R. C. Wylie,
And for hsie In quantities to suit, by
153 tf i II. 1IACKFKLO A CO.
I.V 100 lb. 1CXU.S,
ETioit saw: JIY
If IT. ItACKFEr.D &. CO.
NJEW YEAR, 1874!
THE COMMERCIAL
PERIODICAL AND NEWS AGENCY
AMERICAN, ENGLISH AND AUSTRALIAN
fUHLlCATlONS
Furnlihtil to Stibacrlbeibithiii Ten to TiccHty Dayt
- from tlie date of publication.
Anil At prices that bareljr cover tho coat of subscription and
postages thereon.
Papers Delivered Free nf Poslaye in any part
of the Group.
No Subscriptions taken for Less than One Tear.
43 Flics made up at short notice for Whalemen 1 Trarelers
SUBSCKll'TIONS PAYABLE ALWAYS IS ADVANCE.
AMI3HIOAN KEWSPAI'EItS
Jf. Y. Weekly Herald
The Jt. Y. Nation i.
N. Y. Weekly Times i, ,..
Tbo N. V. Irish American... ......... ..........
NjlY, Lodger, a s.ory paper
NfrtWeeklyTrihuno..,.. .(iunu--t4js
N?Yf Weekly Zeltnng
Courier des Etats Unis t..t.. ....
Boston Commercial Bulletin i i. ...
Boston Weekly Journal ..
Scientific American
' 'illustrated paVeiis"1
Parper'n III. Weekly ..." '..1.1.
" 11 Bazar ............
Leslie's " Weekly.... ,. ... ,..,..
- Zeltnnp.. ...i .w...
'" Chimney Corner
" " Ilnlcttor, Inn.... i. .i...
London Weekly Punch
...f5 00
.. 600
... 100
... 5 00
... S00
... 400
stio
... 800
... 000
... 500
... 400
..Jo 00
. 500
.. 500
.1 &,00
5 00
2 50
h 8 00
Applelon's Journal, mommy pans .......
Every Saturday, monthly parts . ..j.....t..
Hearth and Homo
London III. News T
London III. Graphic ...;.
0 00
H'OO
14 00
. JUVENILE PEHIOOICAIiS f
Our YonnR Folks, monthly , WOO
Youth's Coinulon, weekly 2 60
Little Corporal, weekly 250
Nursery, monthly 2 SO
CALIFORNIA PERIODICALS
S. F. Weekly Bulletin
S. F. Weekly Alta
C... H'o.l-1 nntnn
,..,.,M0O
.arm
u uy
Billy Bulletin
Daily Alta California s. i.iiOJOO
Weekly Courier (French) , i 1200
-RELIGIOUS PAPERS
N. Y. Independent, Coneregational orpin..
Christian Union, II. W. Ileecher's paper ...
Chicago Adrance, Congregational
Hn.(nn n.inr.rAntlnnnlljtt. A . i..k. .
. S4 00
.. 4(0
.. 400
.. 400
, 400
400
,. 500
.. 500
H. Y. Olnerrer, Presbyterian ,
N. Y. Krangellst, Presbyterian ,
.1. 1. louict, vacuum. ....
Boston Pilot, Catholic
LONDON PAPERS
London 111. News ... .
' flraphle '
i- Pall Mill Bndret . ...
.114 00
. 15 00
. 12j0O
" EenlngilU(trl-weekly Times).;..-...'.!
V... 12100
faiuruaj iteTiew ...
" Lloyd's Weekly Times .
' Weekly Times
" DeSpateh
' Monthly
Hometfews . --
...-1JOO
....JS no
!: fcoo
... BOO
... 500
..vlOOO
Public Oplulon i.... .i,,...J..
laoo
LONDON MONTHLIES
London Art Journal
.tit 00
. coo
C00'
. 600
. a CO
& on
" Society Magazine.;.
riirnMlMf airazlne-.
Ill .1.. V,i- Ttniinil ...
Blackwood's Monthly
Chamter's Journal
flout Words'.. . f
T'.t .!. f...tn
'. 4 00,1
i ihi.,p., i . . . .
Temple Bar Slagazlne..
. GOO
: 000
. 400
.4 00
.4 00
. 4 0il
Knglun society. .......
Westminster Quarterly
.K.
hulnunrgn unarieny .
llHtltl. OiLirterlT
AMERICAN MONTHLIES ,
Llllell's tltlntr Aire, weekly JlOnO
Boston Waterly Slajailne - SOO
Eclectic Magallne COO
Atlantic Monthly
Harpers Magazine '
500
Scribnere 'Monthly
Leslie's llapizlne
Godey's Lady's Book.. ..
Demoresl's Monthly
fi:I:::fez:ix::3tfc. I
500
, :i soo
....Ul . 6 00
;. tM
, 4 00
400
400
Tlie Galaxy
Overland Monthly
Peterson Macazlne
Arthur's Lady'a Magazine.
Sabbath at Home ........ .
Clnr Vnnn? Folks "ilv '
ii.l-i.;..r.,i.ii 300
American Agricnunrisi , -
' . . V. t r. r. 1 'HTSI
AuAiliiinia.i i-jirxiia
Australasian, weekly tlOOO
Town Country Journal : .... SOO
Melbourne in. isews
Sydney lit. News 400
.Crdner Steamer tlerali 25
3- Any Periodicals, not In this lilt, will be ordered at any
' time, and supplied at cost and charges.
Addreu IL M. IVnTTNEV.
Manila Cigafe!
A SMALL LOT OF TH0SESUPERI0R QUALITY
CIGARS, jnit received.. These cigars, i.re like
those vb had about one year since, and pronounced to
be the licit article offered In this marketduriog the lost
twenty jests. Specially pnt np for os 200 cigirs In
a box. -For sale br .
B0LLES t CO.
SPESM OIL,
WARRANTED I'.URE, AND VERY LIGHT
Color. Forsaluby
C E0LLES & CO.
BLOtWAIEE !
CUTLERY OF EVERY DESCRIPTION!
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.
AnpREAT ASSORTMENT OF HOLLOW-WARE !
Viz: Sanco Pan?, Fry Pans, Tea Kettles, Iron Pots and Furnace Boilers; -"
. "
Galvanized Iron Tubs from II to SO Inches;
Galvanized Iron Backet?, 10, 11, 12, IS Inches,
W
Otins, Rifles, Pistols, Caps, Catrid-W, Powder, Sli8t-and Balls.- '
Seine Twino and Wrapping Twine, Fish Hooks and ish. Lines
KEROSENE LAMPS1 AND CHANDELIERS I
Downer's and Bevoe's best Kerosciia Oil,
DIKEOT FROM THEIR FACTORIES. EXPECTED S00X TO ARRIVE.
Dealers desiring to purchase the GESVISE ARTICLE at a Low I'lRUr?, will forward (heir orders
0 Immediately.
We would also call the attention of Local and Country Dealers to onr fresh stock o
HUBBUCK'S BEST PAINTS AND OILS I
Just Received, the largest and Sest Assortment in the Market:
Brushes of every kind and quality,
Byam's 8 Card Matches, on hand and1 toArrive
PURE MANILA AND NEW ZEALAND CORDAGE.
Bits, Bridles and Spurs, Mole Collars and Harries,
"! ' " Ox Chains. Trace Chains, Topsail Chains,
Bar
Cut and WroogpWsT
Now is the Time to Buy Goods at 30 per cent, below their
Heal Value, at the
Concrete Block, Nos. 95 and 97 King Street, Honolulu.
DILLINGHAM & CO.
FOR THE LADIES!
CASTLE & COOKE
HAVE RECEIVED
BY LATE ARRIVALS !
INE CA.1IKRIC AND IIAiUHUKG EDG
INGS, Finn White Piquets,
Fins Victoria Lawns, Whito linen Cuffs, .
Bleached and Unbleached Hosiery,
Lisle Thread IIosc, Fine Whito Handkerchiefs,
Fine nil Linen Table Datnaik, Linen Napkins,
Java Canvas in white and buff,
A lino assortment of Pearl Buttons,
Pillow Case Cotton and Linen, Lisle- Elastic,
A full assor't of Orr's A Mrffaight's Spool
Cotton.
FOR THE GENTLEMEN !
Fine Black Cloths,
Fine Black Doeskins,
Fine all "Wool Tweeds & Buckskin
' Just the thing for winter wear.
WATER PROOFS, medium and fine qualities.
Fine Brown Mix and Orcy Mix
ALL WOOL WATERPROOF
FINE WHITE VESTING MARSEILLES.
Fine and Medium Linen Duck and Drilling,
Heavy Plain and Striped Brown Linen Drill,
Just tbo thing fur boys' and men's working
" ' clothes.
Ucut'a Lnrgc I.lncu Haiitlkcrchleft, I.lneu
ciiir-t.
A Fine Assortment of RoadyMade Shirt Eaeotrj,
SILK, MERINO and COTTON UNDERSHIRTS,
Enpcrior Cotton Half Hose,
White Merino Half Hose.
ALSO ON HAND,
Amoskeag, l'eatl River and English Denims,
Finest American and t'n-lisb Cottons bleached
and unbleached from 7-8 to 105 in width.
American White all Wool and Silk Wool Flannels
Scarlet, Blue and White Twilled Flannels.
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS!
rarts, Eagle Nc. 20 and 2 Steel XI and XQ Plows,
Cultivators, Horse Hoes, Shovels, Spades, Oos,
Hoes, Rakes, Rind Forks, and Coal Shovels.
A FINE ASSORTMENT OP SHELF HARDWARE
Coopers' and Carpenters' Tools, Ship Augers.
Saddlery.
EXtiMSII AXD AMEKICA.V SAII)LE.S !
Cheap and Best.
Cruppcra, Martingales, Bridles and Hatters, Buckles,
Rings, Ornaments and Girths.
A LARGE VARIETY OF
Brown, White and Taney Soaps".
Downer's and Devoe's Kerosene Oil,
A Fine Asiortment of
Faixits oL Oils!
Best English anil American.
JCST RECEIVED TO-DAT,
Kegs of Extra Fine Kohala Sugars,
0 CHEAP. 3d
HAllDWA'llE
'I!
mm
1. i.1J
Steel and Iron, Wroai'hC'KaHsi'Ji
LUMBER. LUMBER,
LUMBER!
ALL SORTS, SIZES & DESCRIPTIONS
BUILDING MATERIALS !
AT
The Yard and on the Wharf!
COMPItlalKG
ftWWest Scnnflina Timber !
PLANK, BOARDS,
Battens,
Flooring,
Laths,
Pickets, -&c.
REDWOOD SCANTLING, TIMBER,
Plank, Boards,
Battens, Flooring;,
Motdding, Pickets;,
Laths, Posts, -Waihscottihg",-&c
&c, See.
White Cedar and Redwood Shingles
White Pine Boards,
Doors, R. P. lmo.iiio., it Sash
SASH AND BLINDS,
NAILS AND GLASS,
Wall Paper and Border
Id Lara Variety.
PAIHTSrOILS, TUBPENTIHE.-VAnNlSH,
Palsit anl IVIiItewnsIt llrnxlicx,
Locks, Hinges
Butt. Screws
SahWeIshts'&Iine.
AJLPUJJLOA SALT, ETC.; ETC
GOODS DELIVERED IH TOWN FREE" OF, CHARGE,
air At any Port In thH Kingdom as, per
Contract. -Sa- ' r
WILDER & CO;,
C2 3m Corner Fort and Queen Slnett
CRUSHED SUGAR.
TPOR SALK BY
JD 4W
B0LLE3 A CO.

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