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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, April 28, 1875, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1875-04-28/ed-1/seq-2/

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at a XI TIIORIT1 .
Mr H n i Willi aaa Wn eh dr a?pc,ritr,1 ars-nt to
mat aaarraar. Uenatea tur tbe lwarrtct cf Wallutu. Uaual
of . Ir. piece at an. E. MM; aaaasaawd.
tatnrtar OMm. Aprs IT, I5T. afmaavr of Interior.
I.irrr aSirsirinc in April. It.7.
O.wi 1 Ah laai Kaaakl. Kn.
3 S F nan a cu Von au laaM.
I at Mrtnerny. cor Pan Merrtavit ssta. nor
from the plantation, intended for shipment o
for sle.
These boiMinp are eonnecteil with the
Steamboat wharf by conveniently arranged
tramways, with cars to move the prdoco to
and from the vessels. In this way a larvrc
IT H Vena. Rmkk'a Law. I
la Ik an, rah Market. Baaakna.
at atetaarnr. Merchant St. Hoao
Ststeaaraari d Son. cor Cine ANco
Bl Ouaia He. llaknbra. Honolulu.
mJ ift. VaBrv Boa.!. Honolulu.
; M. do.
Ulnar II t lap MoOaSjaU;. Kamatao.
an A W SeesShaai.
U Ala. Makaaaac Ban.
aa rau 11. Mk an.
in I Ino Cran . Watt.. Bamako.
U- oa Walnaum. Kaa.
r-Cbaa KaUrr. Watnaca.
n Ipaaa at CO.. Wateoaa.
H BackaaU d Co.. Qaiiri 8c. Banololo.
V ,, i
Lam Lai. Canaati Haas. Boaaaan.
E Ak Ta.. Nnotuiti St. H II data.
H Lcwac Sam. rtakuueu, HoaaMa.
t-gatitaaan. XV T. Honolulu.
a E r Adam. Qami Honolulu.
11 Manor ik. Maaaa. Son. Oahu.
Tl Maid WBDams. Ilurrum's HaU. Oaiu.
Tar namipfi Special Commissioners appointed
ft Hit Majesty to collect, receive and forward ob
ject illustrative of the artf . maanfacturea and pro
dacti of the llatraiiar Kiajruom. destined fur the In
ternational Kxhiaiuou at Philadelphia, on the occa-
z ' '.cr.trt.E:a A:r ir-rv ir. i'c uir i
lrc urrear.t t. ptve notice that tbey are prepared to
receive fram contributor all artiek or objtrts to
detuned, at the oface cf the Hon. S. G. wilder. Bv
Tjolniu. Af all article to be exhibited mast be in
rtuadelphia before March 4th. 1S7, tbe coatriba
t. Z' ft nr. ticsc It'.izif u.u: If c 2: '.c. nr. : rtair
for being f- raarded at or before the end of the Tear
We beg herewith to append a lift of tone object,
the natwral nralatt, and of the manufactures, art,
industries had reaourcer of tbeee Islands, that it it
aaiatal bit be aent to the Exhibition :
t-l-ac.mtu! of af oodt plain, po'.isbei, and in sec-t..:.-
.. ir.-..
rurniturt. made from Island wood.
Prepared specimens of bird and fiibe. Ac.
Saeries of verrtaKes and Irnttt : dried, pretcrred,
aad gracx or proaing.
Ferns. Cereals. C.comnntt.
Salt frum natsra; depoaiu, or ann-eraporatcd.
ftheUt . eotalt of ali qaaliuet and thad.
Geolopiea! rpecimenf.
Fibntu plant, of all kind. catBial or prepared.
Aquatic plant.
OoOae is baff.
Palm in bale.
Sufar from each large plaaUtioi : tample of dif-icm-
lualittC! tr.
tan le from each Island, is the fleece or
Heard, will admitted to probate, and letters testamen
tarr lasted f H. W. Dan tali and Charka) Copp.
Eftatr of Kaihl . 1 and Palaolio (w, of MaVawao
Petition r administrator for approral of aecrnstf .
diaeharre and dtatribution. Heard, aeeonnt passed,
heirs decTced. and adntalatraxor discharrs-d.
E-tata of Nohian nVa. ofMakawao. decease.! Peti
tion br administrator for ar-prrra! of accounts, dia- qnantity of freight can be moved very rapidly
Of stijrar, rice and pitlti. foor or five hundred
can bo loaded or lischrped from a steam
er in twenty-fonr hours.
The erection of these lanre fireproof ware
h has teen in response to a want often ex
pressed in the local papers, and their comple
tion is an earnest of the determination of the
government to provide every faoilitv to attract
shipping to this port. We question whether
any port in this ocean possesses better or more
convenient storage accommodations than those
which Honolulu now has. These warehouses
were planned by Mr. Rol-crt Sterling, and have
been erec:e-l under the superintendence of Mr.
Bobert Lischman. They are cnlitable, not
only to the i-eiitlemen named, but also to the
p'vcnimer.l which has provided the nietins for
their erection.
and distribati tn. Heard, accounts
heirs decreed and administrator discharged.
March I j Estate of Kauhaa (h) of Hamakualoa.
deceased Petition by Thomas Em! J for probate of
will. Board and eontinaed till nut aestion.
March . Estate of Wm. J. O.raj. of Makawao.
deeeafcd Petition br Charles (Iraj f or ptvbate of will.
Continned till next session.
Estate of Ealaeloa 1 j. of llaroaknaioa. deceaaed
Petition b; administrator for approral of account,
discharge aad distribution. Heard, account pa-sed,
propertT distributed and administrator diteharged.
March Sfl. K-tate of Kdm. SaferT. of riapalakuu,
deceased Petition bj tl"m. Saffcrj for probate of
will. Heard and will admitted to probate, and letter
te:amcntarr issued to James Smith and Wm. Saf
farj. Estate of Mann (k). of Waikapu, deceased
Petition cf Ka!io, exeeator. for aj poinnncnt of
administrator and decree of heir. Heard. Ko ad
axinietrator appi.-ioted. Propertr decreed to the next
of kin of Mann and of his widow Hookano.
Estate of Kaakolc k). of 11 oa man la. deceased Pe
tition bx administrator for approval of accounts, dis
charge and distribution. Heard, accounts passed,
heirs decreed and administrator discharged.
CntaiTxt aki Civil Cases.
March IS. Cbas. Luseombcvt. Kealoha(k) Tres-
I as. Appeal lrom LiiStnct Lourt. aiiuau. lieard.
Jndgtaeut in favor of PlaintitTwith costs.
March la .anal Tt. Mahot (k) and K . . (w)
Adolterr. Appeal from District Court, Makaaao.
Heard and case dismissed.
Akanaliilii A Co., vs. Eaoaiki (k) Desertion from
labor. Appeal from District Court, Makawao. Case
settled out of Curt.
K. E. Morrisson vs. T. Grnnett Atsamptit. Ap
peal from District Court. Makawao. Heard and judg
ment in favor of defendant with coats. Plaintiff ap
peals to the Circuit Court in Banco at the next June
Scnalor J one- of rvaila.
: : in bolls and rinned.
Kiet in bags : cicaaed and unclear rd.
Awa is roou.
Tallow in casks.
MaaafaetaTas : feather cloaks : mats : tapas : eala-
twine from natircTbrons materials : ancient
nth hooks : models of canoes : house
model of boose, of firmer and protect
of all kinds : needlework : fboet,
Tnrm Majkstiks the Kinp and Queen
took passage in the steamer Kilauea on Mon
day last for Hilo. The royal couple were ac
companied on this trip with the Princess Like
like Cleghorn. His Excellency the Minister of
the Interior and his wife, and others. As the
royal party left the palace, a salute was fired
from Punchbowl battery. On passing the resi
dence of Hon. C. B. Bishop, His Majesty stop
ped to I i 1 him and Mrs. Bishop adieu, as ther
leave for Europe in the June steamer to be
absent a year. On arriving at the wharf, the
King was received with loud cheers from the
spectators, the band playing "God Save the
King." As the steamer swung round into the
stream, the yards of the U. S. Ship Pensacola
were manned, and she fired a royal salute.
The latter vessel will leave for Hilo, some time
next week, probably after the arrival of the
American mail.
l'i...t.irra!ht of Hawaiian rt ieets and sccnerr.
Largt map of the Archipelago, at a specimen of
native knowledge aad tkill.
Model of the Itlands. made to a scale showing the
physical geography and topography of the tame : the
mountain, valleys, roads, forest, deacru. arable
and grating lands, villages, rivers, volcanoes, har
bors, and population of each Island.
Book in the Hawaiian language.
Newspaper in English and Hawaiian.
rWaatanal allt fiiai of the educations! and re
ligions condition cf the Hawaiian people, of what
ever religious faith, creed or tact.
His Ex. n.c Misisttk or Istieiob,
Pikra-L G. Wilms.
J. r. EAWAisri, Commissioners.
The (i.urt..
April Trraa. ITS.
April U J. R. Williams v. H. Haekfeid A Co.
On a motion that this case go tc trial the Court ruled
that it b heard at the July Term.
April lv. Xank w. et ai vs. Xamea al Me
ttaa ka arms, of judgment overruled. Exception
C. E. Bishop vt. E. Everett, B. I. Bollee Motion
that the amunt gam is heed be paid into Court. Or
dered that it be paid intc Court subject to further
Ox Wednesday the 2lst inst.. His Majesty
gave a dinner to Admiral Almy and the offi
cers of the r. S. Ship Pensacola. There were
seated, besides His Majesty, His Boyal High
ness the Crown Prince, the Crown Ministers,
His Ex. Gov. Dominis, Bear Admiral J. J.
Almy. Capr- Gherardi. Hr. Scott, t S. Consul,
C. S. Xaval Pay Inspector Doran, Fleet Medi
cal Inspector Brown, Chief Engineer Lambdin,
Paymasier Caswell. Col. Forney. Lieuts.
Brown and Mason, Mr. Dora, Hon. A. S. Cleg
horn, Cols. Hoffmann and Judd. and Majors
Boyd and Geo. H. Macfarlane. There were
twenty-three persons seated. His. Ex. the
American Minister Resident lieing absent at
the time in Koolau.
Hawaiians are greatly imlelitdl to the active
efoirts of this gentleman in Ivhalf of the Reci
procity Treaty. His arguments were some
what novel, but still put in such a way as to
carry much weight with those who looked at
the matter only in the light of dollars and
cents. " After arguing, (says the report, ) that
the political considerations involved were of
-::is.ilves sr.:?.. i :.: ; divide the question in
favor of ratification, he further contended that
the commercial importance of this treaty had
lee:i generally overlooked, or under-estimated
by its friends in the Senate. He called atten
tion to the fact that the aggregate amount of
oar commerce with the Sandwich Islands does
not really indicate its real lnelit to this
country for the reason that they purchase from
the Cnited States a class of articles the value
of which is made up in an uncommonly large
decree by the cost of labor employed, and not
by the cost of the raw material. Thus, for
example, these Islands import from the United
States annually more than f 100.000 worth of
wooden ware, which represents an expenditure
of over SyO.000 for wages of labor in this
country, and $10,000 worth of clothing, of
which only one-third of the value is to be
credited to raw material. As another ex
ample, of minor importance, he mentioned the
pinchback jewelry that we export to these
Islands amounting to six thousand or eight
thousand dollars per annum, of which eleven
twelfths represent wages of labor employed
in its manufacture. By these and similar il
lustrations he claimed to show that the ratifi
cation of this treaty would afford great and
beneficial stimulus to various industries of the
country, and especially to many on the Pacific
Coast. Beplying also to the argument ad
vanced by Booth, that wages paid to the Sand
wich Islanders are only twelve dollars per
month, and that the native inhabitants are of
low grade, and not worth any special cultiva
tion of commercial relations with them,
Senator Jones argued that in a political point
of view, this was a weighty reason why we
should endeavor to enlarge our trade with
such people, because in exchanging products
with them we get the value of a month's labor
of one of their producers for the cost of four
dav's labor of one American."
markets, where the red kernels among the
white give the iaapression that it is damaged.
The consequence is that retailers in foreign
markets shun rice with red kernels, and it sells
for a lower price, generally at a loss to the
shipper. If it were possible to keep the two
varieties separate, it might be well to culti
vate both, as the red variety is said to be very
prolific in its yield. But we all know how
careless native cultivators are. anil that the
two varieties can not be kept separate, at
least by them.
The Chinese living near nilo cultivate an
upland rice, dejendant only on rain for its
trrowth. About one hundred thousand pounds
of it were produced last year, ami its cultiva
tion will doubtless steadily increase under the
Ivmnty which the treaty offers for rice. But
as we said before, the main thing now is to
provide the lest of seed rioo. so that all who
desire t. engage in its cultivation can have an
opportunity to reap the full Kniefita under the
new treaty. There can lo no doubt that rice
growing is destined to do more, if properly
encouraged, for the improvement of the com
mon eople and to render them comparatively
independent, than sugar or anything else.
There are many natives i:i every valley who
can produce ten thousand vunds of rice annu
ally, which will be worth to them at least five
et.ts pound, or five hundred dollars a sum
that will enable them t. provide comfortable
!. uses and give their children letter advan
tages than they now (losses. Then let the
government assist, in even- possible way, to
stan rice growers on the right track at the out
set, by providiug good imported seed.
The Ameriraa Centennial.
Rice Cultivation.
April SI. Thot. H. Hobron vt. Charles Lake
: nntil ,Vv Ierc.
Hawkins vt. Kamalae Appellant called,
April . There being to further
the Court, it adjourned nW dir.
Scoand Jndactal Olatrtet. XaaU.
Cases beard before the Honorable AaaAEAk Fos
aaamxa. Circuit Judge of Maui, at Chambers.
IX moaiTx.
Fell. 16 Estate of Kaolalo (k, of Lahaiaa. de
ceased. Petition by administrator for approral of
account, discharge and dartribution. Care beard,
aeemnt pasted. property distributed and adminiitra-
Qtite a number of sugar planters being in
town, a meeting was held on Monday morning,
at which the subject of contracting for crops
was discussed. The conclusion arrived at was
that it was not wise to make the contracts
as proposed. This leaves the planters free
to dispose of their crops as they choose, and
Col. Spalding announced his desire to purchase
of any one upon fair terms, such grade of re
finery sugar as was before proposed by him.
ecod Meeting; nt the .Tlicrostcopical
ten :ei
of rcaana k cf Kahaksloa. deceased Pe-
by administrator for approval of accounU, dis-
diatributiou. Cate heard, account pats-
: :--v ;-:r.:;u;. it; tiiii.-trat.-r cL-
I of Eaaxtahi r' of Lahalna, deceased Ae-
: t. etructkes fr.m the Supreme Curt, let
ntary were issued to Keawc.
March 10. Estate of Eekaaaka k. ofiahaina.
deceaaed Petiti on by Ealehaa ( w for decree of bears.
Heard, and property decreed to the widow Kalehua,
aad to the next of kin of deceased.
March K. Estatt of Knamn (k.; of Waikapn,
deceased Petition of Alios (w. for decree of heirs.
creed to the four eons of de-
I rrr rcser. tativet.
Estate of l iana , w.) of Waikapn. deceased Peti
tion by Eauihoaiai (k) and Xoholaa (k) for decree of
Hoard, and property decreed to petitioners .
; of Alapa (k.) of Wniluku, deceased Peti-
I by Eekaaa (k.) for appointment of adminittra
and decree of heir. Heard, aad continued H
I of KadawaiasBi (k.) of Wailuku
Kew affidavit filed in upt-ort of motion for
tat in order to prrseure will of
IS. Eute of Kipaa (k.) of Waikapa, da-
by H. Cornwall to divide real estate
March S. Estate of B. F. Sniftn of Kula, de-
d Petition br Lee Sot U cite tie guardian. G.
nt. Aecouxt rendered and
iaUsraat tadxaned.
Mary Lee Scy't
Ettate of Saiih Halleek of Makawac.
Petition by admiaiitrator for approral of aniinaaU
Aooout pasted, divide: is af credo
I of Hikian (kj of Haaakaaloa Petition by
widow, atimWaa. for
Heard, and Mr. Ja
riiaar to divide the aaaaa.
Macrt St. Ettas af Henry Copp, of Makawao, de
ocaaed Patijoa-ey H. W. Daxnols for probate ci mll
The Sodetv- :net at the Museum Hall, in the
Government Building, on Friday last. His
Majesty and about twenty members were pres
ent. After reading the minutes of the last
meeting, the report of the committee appointed
to prepare a prospectus and constitution for the
Society was presented. The draft of the con
stitution as prepared was, with a few amend
ments, adopted. The name adopted is " The
Xarural History and Microscopical Society."
Regular meetings will be held on the first
Thursday of each quarter, at ".2 P. M.. in the
Museum Hall, which has been tendered for the
purpose. The annual fee for membership will
be six dollars : fifty dollars constifutirtg any
one a life member. On motion the following
officers were chosen :
Perpetual Pres. His Majesty the King
Vice President His Ex. Wm. L. Green.
Treasurer A. J. Cartwright, Esq.
Cor. Secretary G. Trousseau, M. D.
Bee. Secretary C. J. Lyons, Esq.
The Chairman reported that the order for an
instrument and appliances bad been sent to the
Messrs. Beck of London. It is hoped that the
instrument will be one possessing the latest
improvements. The discussion which took
place regarding the details showed considera
ble interest in the organization of the Society :
and if we possess the men and the minds to
take the lead and make this branch of science
a study, the meetings of the Society can be
made exceedingly interesting and instructive,
as well as valuable to agriculturists.
Tate fit cane boat Waihoautes.
The new warehouses, which have been about
one year in process of erection, are now nearly
completed. They are twin buildings, built of
coral stone, and in size 50 by 100 feet, one be
ing a trifle smaller, or 50 by 87 feet. The
frontage of the two on Fort street is 105 ft.
The walls are 18 inches thick, and 15 feet high,
to be plastered within and without, and the
roofs are covered with heavy English slates.
These dimensions give to each building a stor
age capacity of 1809 tons, or including the j red rice, as a desirable variety.
space above the walls, 3000 tons each. The j rience has been against the cultivation of this,
East building is intended exclusively for which has already been introduced, and unfor-
Among the industries which will receive an
impetus under the reciprocity treaty is rice
culture, the duty on which article in American
ports is two and a half cents a pound. The
treaty exempts it from this tax, and as soon as
it goes into operation, rice cultivation will be
greatly increased. Xearly all our valleys are
adapted to taro cultivation, and from time im
memorial have been devoted to it. Rut with
the decline of population and the consequent
falling off in the demand for food, the land
once devoted to growing it has lain idle. The
same land is admirably adapted to rice, and
precisely the same method of cultivation is
pursued with loth. It follows, that this in
dustry is well suited to the natives, all of
whom men and women are more or less ac
quainted with taro culture. If, as we do not
doubt, the removal of the duty, which will lie
practically a bonus to the cultivator, tends to
develope rice culture and consequently to in
crease industry among the poorer and laboring
classes, special care should be taken now to
provide the best seed for their use. There is
none better than the Carolina or Louisiana
paddy. Government should import, or author
ize the importation, from America of say ten
tons, semi-annually, of the best seed obtaina
ble, to supply at cost to such as wish to buy,
or free of charge to the poor, who wish to
plant, but are unable to pay for it. Whatever
system may be adopted should be under regu
lations, which will apply to all alike, and yet
tend to encourage all who desire to engage in it.
Foreign seed has been several times im
ported, but it soon deteriorates, and produces,
in the course of four or five years, a much
smaller kernel, as may be seen with most of
the rice grown at the present time. The grain
is much smaller now than it was six years ago,
when Hawaiian rice was considered in San
Francisco nearly equal to Carolina rice. At
present there is a difference of at least two
cents a pound in the price of the two qualities,
unless Hawaiian rice has been repolished and
the small broken grains taken out, bv pass
ing through the San Francisco rice mill at a
cost of one cent a pound, and a loss in weight
equal to at least a quarter cent a pound.
In order to produce the finest quality of rice,
we need a first class cleaning and polishing
mill capable of taming out from five to ten tons
a day. That of the Messrs. Chulan is very good
as far as it goes ; but its capacity is limited.
We must soon provide ourselves with facil
ities for cleaning every pound of paddy grown
after the treaty goes into operation be it two
millions or five, or else must export the paddy
and pay tribute to foreign mills and labor in
cleaning it, which we should avoid, if possible.
There never was a finer opening for capita!
and mechanical skill than the establishment
of a first class mill in or near this city. We
say hert, because this is the natural center
to which all the crop must come, and where
the rice should be finally put up in such per
fect order, as to always command the best
price from purchasers who will come here to
buy it.
Our cotemporary, in some very pertinent
remarks on this subject, refers to the China
All our expe-
The Philitlelphia A'lirli American says that
the executive committee of the Centennial Ex
posiiion have decided upon changing the dates
for opening and closing the Exhibition, as we
before stated. "They have leen actuated
by the desire to meet the wishes of the repre
sentatives of 6ome of the foreign countries pro
posing to take part, who have urged some delay
Kvause of the impracticability of delivering
their articles for display so early in the year
as to permit of perfect arrangement before the
middle of April. This a sufficient cause, but
a much better one can lie found in the fact that
the date now settled upon for the ojiening the
tenth day of May is one which will be found
to be far more suitable. In this locality it is
a fact well known to every long resident that
the weather rarely settles into absolute spring
before the 1st of May, and to bring thousands
of visitors here at the risk of an inclement
season would be most unwise. The Park itself
does not take on its full vernal dress so early
:.s the l'.'th of April: yet for the complete success
of the initial ceremonies it is essential that the
surroundings shall be as perfect as possible.
And as lossible lad weather is avoided by the
delay in opening so the enjoyment of one of the
most delightful of our seasons is gained by
postponing the close of tne Exhibition until
the 10th of Xovember. We are greatly pleased
at the good judgment displayed in this change
of dates, and believe that it will prove to be
an acceptable and profitable one. As no altera
tion wjll be'made in the limits of the contracts
for the erection of the buildings, of course they
will be completed at the period originally fixed,
i and this will enable a much more careful and
I thorough system of finish and adornment than
had the time between their completion and the
opening ot the fcxhibttnon remained as brief as
was originally designed."
The same paper has the following : A com
parison with the donations of other countries
makes the recent Congressional appropriations
appear small. The Dominion of Canada and
the Empire of Japan have appropriated S250,
000 and 6200,000 in gold, respectively, for our
Centennial of 1876, while the Cnited States
gives currency equal to about $460,000 in gold,
for the same purpose. Austria spent ?6,000,
000 on tile Vienna Exposition of 1873, and
France spent at least 52,000,000 on the Paris
Exposition of 1867. For the same Exposition
Great Britain gave 8600,000, Egypt $300,000,
Austria $200,000. Prussia $150,000. and the
Cnited States but $140,000. For the Vienna
Exposition the German Empire gave $750,000,
Turkey $500,000, Egypt $500,000, France
$300,000, and the Cnited States but $200,000.
In both cases Egypt gave more than twice as
much as the Cnited States.
of September I tbe moat favorable period of the.
year, and there Is no use In attemptlna; the naviga
tion of Polar water In any quarter Wore the 1st of
Ancnst. I can bnt think the rlk run bv prevlont
expeditions In pnttilng Into Melville Bay so early at
June, at tner nave done, is a great misuse.
In this connection we may maintain that it
is claimed by an officer of one of onr Arctic
whalers, that when Capt. Hall was wintering
at his supposed m.wt northern point then
reached, the whaler was ninetv miles north of
his pwition.
I etemiann, tne celcLratnl Herman geo
grapher, has lately aNimloncd his theory that
Smith Sound is a mere enl do sae. and con
dyles that Smith Sonnd leads into the Arctic
ocean, anil the English ami Austrian Arctic
explore unite in saying, after a long period
of imMii f, the Smith Sound is, after all, the
the true highway to the Pole, and the Kuclish
propose to prove their faith by an experiment
We clip the above interesting resume? from
the New Itedford cSiuuiin, which, it will
le soon, calls attention to the fact that onr
whalers sometimes roach points farther north
than any to which the European explorers
have attained. It is the firm conviction of
manv of the Arctic whalemen that the route
through Bhoring's Straits, is the one whi
combines the most elements of success, and is
the most likely to result in accomplishing the
desired object. The chief reason whv it has
not Kvn more often resorted to, is its distance
from the outfitting centers. When this route
is fairly tried, with a well-equipped vessel,
the chances are that the expedition will prove
Peace Policy In I'iJI.
freight tor tbe steamers, that makai or West,
will be reserved for tbe use of any produce
tunately become so mixed with the white
grain, as to damage the sale of it in all foreign
Arctic Explorations.
Dr. Hayes, the Arctic explorer, has written a
letter to the ew York Herald, giving a review
of the approaches to the Xorth Pole, and the
various plans proposed for reaching that goal.
He gives a brief account of his own efforts, and
states the reasons which led him to prefer the
route by Smith Sonnd. He still thinks that route
is practicable, and that through Smith Sound
and the channel beyond there is a practicable
opening leading into the Polar Basin. The
current sets strongly south, as is proven by
the drift of the ice, and it needs only, in his
judgment, patience, care and sufficient means
to accomplish a passage in that direction. He
entertains no doubt of the existence of a com
paratively open sea to the north of Kennedy's
channel. He cannot conceive of an ocean so
large as the Arctic being covered with ice, al
though its borders are girdled by a changing,
land-clinging-belt of ice, as Hudson's bay is,
but which has not been completely penetrated,
unless Scoresby accomplished it in 1817 to the
west of Spitsbergen, or Captain Hall in 1872,
or that, as has been claimed, whale ships have
casually done it. He maintains that the true
scheme of Arctic navigation is in the direction
against the current, and not with it.
The advantages of the Smith Sound route he
claims to be : First, land as a base of opera
tions ; second, the certainty of open water at
least as far up as the entrance to Kennedy
Channel ; third, in any event the opportunity
to colonize a party of hunters and natives on
the Greenland side of Smith Sound, and to
perform sledge journeys beyond that in the
Spring. His plan is as follows :
" Poshing through Baffln't Bay a feat which can
be accomplished any year without difficulty in the
month of Augnt 'provided always that tbe old ex
ploded theory it avoided of bogging the land ice
I would then ateer for my old harbor at Port Foalke,
jaet ineide Cape Alexander, on the Greenland shore.
Here I woald secure tbe auxiliary Teasel, construct
temporary bouses for tbe hunters, land tbe stores
and set people to work collecting came and prepar
ing for a prolonged stay. It would not be in r foal I
to retain the storeghjp. She might be tent home,
and Id this there woald be do more difficulty than in
ending her across, the Atlantic
Raving- secured the colony, as a bate of support
and tuppliea, and of aecority in the event of disas
ter. I would pub on with the steamer, sod, reach
ing tbe west coast, woald enter Kennedy Channel
and Robeson Strait. And once in Robeson Strait, I
believe 1 tbould find a practically navigable aea be
yond. Failing, however, to get through, is Captain
Hall did, I woald have a new point of departure ;
and even in tbe event of the wreck of tbe steamer
I believe tbe Pole could be reached with boats. At
to the time of learine the colony it Port Foalke, I
tbould think iboat tbe 20th of Aagntt the most
favorable, for only from that time to tbe middle of
September are the waters of Smith Sound and tbe
channels and seas beyood niTigi'ole. The early part
There have been fe.trs that the inland savages
of Fiji, who nnmlier abont 20.000, would not
readily endorse the annexation of the group to
the British Empire. By the exercise of rare
discretion and tact on the part of the arbitrator,
eaceable solution of tho difficulty has been
attained, as will be seen from the following,
which we extract from the Fiji dtirespondenco
of the Otago Wiiess:
One of the most important events to record
is, perhajis, the success of Mr. Walter Carew,
I in bringing to the Coast the whole of the Moun
i tain Chiefs to make submission to tho new
j Government. Mr. Carew was the secretary to
' Cakobau's Government for the t"per Kewa
j district. Speaking the language, and in the
j confidence of some of the principal chiefs of the
; interior, he was deputed by the present Gov
I ernment to bring about their submission if pos
sible. They are cannibals and heathens, and
have for centuries leen at war with each other,
and with the tribes on the coast, and the lower
Bewa especially. Inhabiting the high moun
tains of Viti Levu, they were invincible in their
strongholds, and the terror of their lowland
neighbours. They arc the men who ate tho
Kev. Mr. Baker and his native teachers when
trying to travel through their hills on an ex
ploring expedition in I860. They killed poor
Burns and his family and labourers, and Spiers
and Mackintosh on the Ba Hivcr recently, and
are not by any means a sweet lot to know. Mr.
Carew, however, went among them, and by per
suasion and personal influence succeeded in get
ting them to submit to tho new Government.
He bronght some, numbering with their head
men over 200, to the Lower Bewa, which many
of them must have seen for the first time, and
dared not have visited there without the confi
dence in the safeguard offered them. There they
were met by His Honour the Administrator, tho
Colonial Secretary, the Colonial Treasurer, and
a small host of minor officials who had come
from Levuka for the purpose. Cakobau's son
Abel and his foster brother Savanca were with
the Government party. Both had lseen defeated
by these mountain chiefs when they went up to
avenge Baker's death seven years ago. Captain
Chapman, of the Dido, was also present and the
interview turned chiefly on two points. What
were the chiefs to do with their numerous wives
if thev embraced Christianity ? and what benefit
were they to have from the expenditure of their
taxes ? Mr. Layard told them that as to the
first they would have no difficulty. He did not
tell them, but they must have well known, how
Cakobau and others before them have overcome
it, by marrying off their surplus wives to young
chiefs a course these hill chiefs would be sure
to follow. As to taxes, the expenditure would
be strictly " localized," for their people would
be employed to make roads through their own
country. The latter is a wise course, and no
opportunity of following it could be better
than the present, while labour is so low. The
roads would open up the country for settle
ment, and it has always been considered some
of the best in Fiji for sugar and coffee. They
would also be able to trade freely with the
coast. The interview ended by Captain Chap
man taking them on board the Dido, and show
ing them rocket practice, &c., with which they
were no doubt much delighted ; but they must
have smiled to themselves as they remembered
how little mischief these rockets and cannon
balls did when fired over their heads at Diuka
in 1 868. Of course, they could not know that
Commodore Lambert had given special orders
for that great feat, and which ended in the re
treat of 70 men-of-warBmen before the old
muskets of these people, and the abandonment
of their plantatations by the settlers at and
above Diuku. The enraged sailors and their
commander were obliged to obey the Commo
dore's ordere, which were peremptory also
against landing men on'the river bank, and they
retreated sullenly, but had no help for it. The
chiefs of the mountains have in their ignorance,
chuckled over this exploit many a time, and
probablv do so still. As one of the collateral
benefits from this submission, tbe planters
driven away in 1868 will find themselves able
to resume possession of their deserted plantations."
from that into the pump, again to bo Med over
by the same process.
M. Charbonnier has noticed that at tho pe
riods of the equinoxes the water of aquariums
becomes greenish and the glass slides grow so
dirty as to require cleaning several times daily.
This is due to a sudden growth of myooderms
nt the time of the full moon and especially of
the equinoxes. These germs are poisonoun to
the fishes, prodming a periodical mortality
among them. Has this phenomenon been ob
served at these Islands?
In the Indian (Voan occur tracts of mnd
snspondod in the sea, the origin of which is
still unexplained. They shelter many kinds of
fish which breed in their depths secure from
their enemies. Though constantly pcrtnrliol
from causes unknown, these hanks are not af
fected by storms, and vessels which run into
them to escape a monsoon are said to Ih as
safe as if behind a breakwater.
or wiu.ts i.vau.
nrHkT- .T Pr UlVui fW
ami Sisal eLaJHaewn a
Hon. A. r. JaaM.
Hi rsaatkaf aad nej I
I. rail,
.. tl
Uaal a
da. ImPmmtmmmmmm
wswaseaf aa avakats! Waaia
arsraa at ar tnjmawT
a i I aad ataM-1
a- a
aaaaa. a, aad at aaaaa
tw kaaakjaaa
I'irtaaa turtiaaad aaaw
kaaja. aa aafaaaaaad a
r "
wnaw aawetaaa a wm
Another Innovation Scheme.
By the following extract from the London
Timer, it will be seen thai the annexation of
Papua or Xcw Guinea will be next in order,
after that of Fiji. This is alout as far west.
;ts the " star of empire" can get :
"It is highly probable that tho results of
tho explorations which Her Majesty's ship
Basilisk has brought to a successful conclusion
in the Papuan Archipelago may give an im-
(H'tils to the schemes concocted in the Austra
lian colonies for the annexation of New Guinea
to the dominions of Great Britain in the South
Seas. Such an agitation would derive en
couragement from the success with which the
incorporation of Fiji as a colony of tho Crown
has been carried through in spite of severe
criticism and powerful opposition. It hast rea
sons in its favor much more solid and striking
than any that could be nddnccd in supiirtfo
the brilliant possibilities with which Mr. Julius
Vogel has lately dazzled the colonists of Xew
Zealand : yet it involves an extension of em
pire so vast that we may well shrink from tho
inevitable discussion. Whatever may lie tho
fate of the proposal when it comes to be se
riously raised, we are justified in saying that
it cannot lie settled as lightly and quickly as
was the annexation of Fiji."
Papua lies South of the equator, and be
tween it and tho continent of Australia, from
which it is separated by Torres Straits. It
contains an area of over 300,000 square miles,
and a population variously estimated at from
500,000 to 1 ,000,000. As its interior has never
been thoroughly explored, little is known of it
except concerning the coast settlements. Its
annexation to the British Empire, must soon
result in establishing a colonial government,
and in opening up the interior to European
trade and commerce, and to tho introduction
of religion among its now savage tribes. Its
annexation will lie simply an advance step in
Mr. Vogel's ideal Polynesian scheme, which
will, if carried out, eventually absorb the
rious islands and groups of this ocean.
at ll.aH.tuia. ii. i.. akat Ilea dar j
nt. m j
Jaaar f tka saaaaaai
. K. aUassaav lasa. list seat, caaara.
il tot at I
rr.fta. r lr aaaaaar at aaa (aaaaa
r . .. . r .,, .. -
aw of aiaaiili. Al Ckaaaakaaa. aaaaaa
teat the pettsksfi asM aaeaa f raj
Itaeewaaea atf aaa Waf f Aaaftvat aaaaa.
asaawad. whaaaaa navy aata a afaaav
v ibeoaarivaa UA f la, aad aaa stan
amliaM aad 1 1,1. at akw . a.
tNaajatawafaawaiiiiaj asaaaaw.
l't"'l ""fToH 'wdaa. aad a.
A. ft.
.r.-n..iis t,. t!i- time llwrrt
IietrU al lluoulola. IL L
Attest l J
J N.-. K. lUnstin, n1
I r it lit
KO II villi Oil
I III It t
mmm awinaiiai an
awd aaaaw aaaaa. aTae
avail awl. aad aaaa
Mad av'wMssaeaaasj
af Aawa, a. a.
kltA.M-m U Dt
' -"SI aaa caaara
"aav Can. aar-ai
rta mAmjkmva
at t, ?
laaclev waaV oaaaw at
nmy then an.
nave, why Um
a. aaaaw 'r'"aa!
a taaav aaaaa aa
ncaaa aaaaa aad
IT aa sarh.
T or MAT. A.
. w aad aa
1 ' " " ' i" Lil asawaaa aawataaa a
the Urn therein appulukrsl fur aafcj rmarlna
Hated at Uouotala. 11. L, thta 3atA atav at? A art. lata.
ATTaarr: Jianhi at the saaaaaaaw Caaaw,
WaLTaw R. StLtt. Carrfe of step, tweet. Otai
IsLANI. In ITuoata. 1 aaaaa et I aaaaa. Saaaaaaaa
Ialanda, aa In the matter at aaa r aaaa at Just w a
lU-mimf nfllnnnlnlu iknaaa.l - tl 111 nakai
for prut-ate of will and iSree-tBtg rlltrttkia lifa nu Jn.
A tlorameot. porponlnc aba the aaat WB awd aaaaa.
meat of John D. Ketanaoa. ran aanl. haaraac aa aaa isaa
,lay of April. AAK l-7J. hren preareaad m ana St I am
court, ami a peUtan for the probate taaraaf. and tar aa
bauianee of u-iu-n Muinrtiiar; id Baawaeth aaaaaaa Ba.
: ';";
It bi hereby ordered, thai FHII'AY. taw Tak DAY raw
Mv. A !'. Iv-, ..: !e A. M. r wrt .!,-. at -a
i inn l.oom -if aafcl i port, at ABaaaaa ttwaaa. a aaaaaaasaw,
tre iM the aaaaa Is kaaakai appoeaard nay de Bar paawaat
nn.nKR fc co..
Soreessora to Dowsett A Co., Corner Fort and Queen street
Lumber, Paint. Oil, Hails, Salt aad Building
(.v;.-iti material!, of every kind.
.-.I and puMlah
Ami II la tar
rrarnrrtblue; W
Isolator In thta
lut.' ot add wl
Hated at llol
Altesl: Jsia BV tliniat.
A sure ear for the Dlnest sail Khenniatlsim.
Amateur Minstrel Troupe!
Saturday Evening, May 1st, 1875
In whk-b wUl be bitrodaeed
COHIC VMl SIM nil r I. MM.IM..
Ill Ti ll IMIM Itsnv A I IllVS.
tJlPKim: 1 1 1 1 it i' in tin
lain bibb. tu Pro aula, laaaad at
In uie niaitrr r tne BBwaaW
me.!. "Ill I 1 rejakfall
ln puhflratlun f .jUr f Ib
. I - I "I III i Im m
swta. dn iaaad. kanlaai a tns
5. hera prearnl.! to aaal Prat
be Prohau- ! hereof, ar.d hr U
ulrO'trallon wiih will aaarard
J. Cmrtwrutht. bavin; been aied bar Mr. -
It la hereby orders, that rrkhaT. aaa aat akar at Apr.
- 1 " vw, m. m., at ai u .
Il.m r. siu.1 . oari, al AlUulanl BBS
Im-. BBM th.' Wll Is. h.rrhr I
" "-yW pt eUii. n ami her. r
II ta furih. r
puhlh-aUon. f.,r three I
-aa taw - iii.uta
prhnrni asad si I aaa l ta aaaaw.
Ilate.1 at Uonolnlu, IL L, thai Um
1- D- ITTt. A. nuxi'la
Altrat: J-istlr- f the -rpm
Jxo. K. Raaxaan. Dap. I lark skip, caaan,
r apt .
r ;i.
4-it PKi mi: i i n r
Doora open at 7 o'eloek, to commence at 9 thorp.
Dreae Circle tl.00: Reaerved seats U
Pit toe; Prbrate Boxes ts.oo ChUdrei
llielr Kuardlatis half prtre. Meals aecurc
Hotel. ar por uorUculars see tmaii l
r.ir ri. tt.- 75c ;
i-rompanse.1 by
n th Hawaiian
Ex l.nli Arrival's.
For Bale bj
531 3m M. S. ORI.VBAUM & CO.
Scientific oni.
Ice. A correspondent sends us the follow
ing account of the way in which artificial ice
is made : It is a law of matter that com
pression produces heat and expansion cold.
Ammonia is highly expansible and compressi
ble and very suitable for the manufacture of
ice. Water readily absoirss ammonial gas and
forms the aqueous ammonia or water ammonia
of commerce. This being put in an iron re
tort and heated to proper degree, the gas is
driven from it. A powerful pump now forces
it into a series of small iron pipe immersed
in a tank called the condenser filled with cool
running water. Here under a pressure of
155 lbs. to the square inch, tbe heated gas be
comes a cool liquid again. From this tank it
goes into another called the'-eezer (also 611ed
with pipes), containing salt water, in which
are pans of fresh water. The sudden and con
tinuous expansion of the ammonia in these
pipes, where the pressure is low, produces a
cold sufficient to freeze the fresh water. From
this place the gas goes into another tank, and
A. w
TIIC nam ati a
In the iiii ,,r nii,M ii il iimi- .v
ii . mi anaaBKB raninrt.
Node is berettj- riven that a nn nlaa at Um eaaaawafa
who have proved debt acalnal lb aaaaa at Thaaaa at,
llarrlana, voluntary baokiapt. it eaa aaaaatdtMBw
more,, will he held at lb otBee of Um. i m t Sk. aw.
preme Court In Honotara. en aATT RD.i T ta. kat mv-.r
.. is..a . K 1 M . r.,r the I
aaaarniua of lb aaad tavnkrapta an
Hepot r (lark IB a aaat raatrt
Honolulu. 17th April. 17. taaa
II t l ill. Its. 1 II t I IT J I I
k ctal tnaCrlrl. Hawaiian lattaaaa. la
or O. J. HARRIS, of I abakaa. Waal. aaaasaaasL
lroper appilraiion banner bewa aaaaw aad aaad wtth ar.
Court by Thn. W. Cverett. of 1 1 Baa. Bar taw aaas
men! of adniuitatralor no ta Kaaaaa af o. J. taaawtt t ta.
lialna. Maul. II. I., dees ased : Nortre ki 1 mill mrmm a
all wh. m It may rooerm, thai VTBRIaA Y. Ba BBBh BAY
OF MAY. 179. at io ovioek A. X. . at ta caaan n i n
IjIuUiui. b. th- (tor aad plttr vt tur Malta M
u.io isoo any uoj.-euona was aaay a etttred 1
rahalna. A pro 1th. urra.
TUAL wUl be reflponsibJe
Crew of aald veaet.
debta contracted by th
Dry Corn,
&K-U A. HV1
Warranted to keep on the Longest Voyage
In S, I, and S gallon Detnlobna,
Prepared by George Morris
For Sale by O. Brewer tV Co.
aS ly
For Sale.
. w. . :.j:.-:-r '.r tiitrteesl lii' lit-s
Fare Plate, chuck, ate.
ilt 1-n -
with MJIde
For tale cheap. Inquire of
Sugar Mill and Gear for Sale !
THE WAIPA sn; tit faTAU (OaPLCTt
la offered for tale al a low furore. To be dellvers-u At
tbe beach In IlaxuUel. Kauai. Manuracturad at in liono
luln PouDdrr. Bolleni -ft - -in. lonxilt In. dauneler.
w apply to p. a. sk'Hakfeu co.
Assignees' Notice.
eona m-l-hu-l to tbo Istsl. f Aaaaw, a Bawa
uateiy onin r.osn..-. un.ler the arm of A
niedlate payment to l pan a. who Is aaaaa
aiihuta j
at Lot rsawist
lI oiMnm. Apatl Id, 17. (tat at) taaaktBaa
Assignees' Sale.
By oatisr.R in rut: i
StUt COS WAY, th I
lie Auction, on the sth day ot May t-tl i
b,wn of II Ho. Hawaii, the Hut siK and Lirr i
... w. i noway ; toaetber wtth oeraala faro
to ani.-. Tbe whole wUl b aaM -J I l
Tentta i . . I. I), a lltHK'"
II Uo. Hawafl. March list. IfCI. Us Aaaaaaaaaat
Executors' Notice.
p.rtnte.1 by Uo- Hun. A. Fortiautar. CinaUlt wttk
will amieied of the Fjtate at lata ritastaiS Btaatwr aa' SI
ettate to pay I
turn to preawti
and all peraaaa aavlnsr e
wiujAM urrUT
CTupaatkaa, Uonnaola. Maul. March aa. 17.
Administrator's Notice.
Whereas tbe VadersiCBetJ has this day
been appointed by Hob. A. FornDdr. faWawdl
Judge 2d Judicial District, H. I., Admiaiitrator pro
leu oi tue ettate ot u j. iiarris, lata or laaaioa,
Haoi, deeeased. Notice it hereby riven to all pertont
having claims against th said Est. I. to present th
am. properiv autoentieated. whether secured by
mortgage or otherwit, within liz monthi from data,
or he forever barred. And all oertoni indabte.1 io
said Estate are requeaud ta make immadiale payment
w iu. ru oueTtirncu, at at omea in tbe i.oort ll-,n.n
in Lahaina, Maui, and ail penoni hatiot tnr oro-
I ertjr or aiyfhing of ralaa belonging to th Estate of
atati ss. j. nam in their ear or ktepint; are
hereby requeued to deliver np the aaaaa to the L'ndar.
igned at hi ofica aforesaid.
Temporary AdminUtrator of Ettate of 0. J. ftarrls.
tsaaaina, aonl 7, 17. ,:, ,
bi ia . -
Baa staw. a Hirama e.
aa Ktiiatkiai at aaa aWtaaa at
mi tattaa t a aaaawaLat
Eastern Codfish.
THE (ILXtHE ARTIt'LE For Hale by
Canned MeaU, Frriitj and Vegetables.
above, direct from th packers, for Sal by
Star Copper Paint,
For Hale by (Ml, ran t km a ou
Executors' Notice.
rap he l scm usii.n, r Httl.tv
at nrme.1 undwr the WUl by
nrcull ju.lite of Maul.
puaooa lnlehted to th
payment, and all who have aay
hi praaet l then, wtth voucher, i
an month from date, or they win I
Makawao, March nth, Wl, -akl
Notice to Creditors.
IX lite matter wf lh- CMatw at JttH
FHAWZ ' -- 1
Prolan of th kaat will and leelasawai af tkaaaarl M
rnuit nrewe naruat " (raatad at Ba l
on ta las of Apru. H7.. and laltara until I
to- the annenand Kxeewtor. ba mm at aa
lourt, notice u hereby ito to an intlaui at ah tw-
reaaesl to prea. nl their r talma a th ltllBa I wtatBt
tu monxha from data, at tay wai h Bans aaawaa.
., I. C StAPC
Honolulu, a pro w. itn ut-ti teatat; taaraaaKa Oawaat-
Notice to Creditors.
IV tlta aaatBsraftlw Eatata at A Lara A J
1 ""- r i nam mn r
I'rotab- of laat will and Issuavil af ta aaal
tiaviii -r, t-rwb-d in the UapiaaaB Cart at aha Bawa.
Oaa Klnaduna oa the 3rd day of Aa, laws, aaal tstasa.
rsatamintary laanirj to SB i a InataBU aw - -
Estate '1 that ritajdiati.
In purwiaoc- of order of Cawtrt. aafaaa Itkwiak aTraa ta
JJ5J5JS Jj J" fiJ5!j "''-M u'i" aoaswsc.
If any eik. ma af eh
(tare, at the ooVe ol the Harbor
lo tU month from data or tkay wfl b
Honolulu, April lib, 1171.
utkiau. amyra
At-'- fKBtttostsi mini, i 1. 1 iwjh
Uw Eauie of the lata A LIU. V V. Jt W.
prwatot uattn wttkoat delay to either ot Ba
3, IJTJ.

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