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3tta ftimte Hh MrKr tbe Kc t afpetlst t
lag ii till i -nan tlMasuaaarrmnrate taelalaad
r b. Klyt, licnifj.
3vAt K Onw ku nn (v v rprt .ll"l
uri ka.m t Cmiiuh far Labor is ta.
laasTsadUi. Hit k, witU
30at!r af tb Iatse.
ev sret s7. rr. ::
V. lst at u rircSaa cy taBst. St tit
II ' ii aes iiiitilmf she itaM . ea tnrataat
.taMitUuO&r af Hi Beard ef
taaa as Unltij. tt Her. 8m Ket.
ataMekwjr t lipases' TsuaB MEibr af th
InlMMIaMtrf Marks af n Mamie. !lu4 af
r. jih. mjith.
tcaoat Acta efHsaelalr.
ITalniinssi ajlMi. lull. X. MW. 7 at
Ciaai hi 'Taaaa aiasl deface tstecB
iliaiiiinntt. ftaaaf, wk Iste M
a,MiH Swwuali af aay laiargtaeat at
. ipitiMi wfa Secawa S af rjsapter
srg. . V1UEK. Wan: af the Iaterler.
.Xut ,). :!
'stts at ksrwi rsaatoj: a th
sasacsLuaai a Mbutt, aetice h
, aH nil ill
MM tier c the laterier.
. HEK X IHv PRESENTS, that I,
XMamar eke lateviar ef th. Hint
aa It esertss af Eh pawer
tanaartiiM eala let af rae LtgiaUnre. approved
sryafssite. . An Act la sa-
rafaMIatRiar tetake af
m f i it waste i be related for the use ef
' "aatar Wart," af ameedes av twa
I HHl'eyaa taelSta Bar ef Jary.
X,iala)i MT(jnn. jsrf, asd ef every other
i aalaji sa aa?wtM eaaaaar m la this behsf.
esse .. al iiaam aadsaatSaiOants J. Lva5s.Eso.airt.
CJsaett B. Btsaop sad ta Heaarasie
Oestasra. w aetas CkMatatssleaen to av
waat aaaa kr irnnrinnrtOB to 6 mjt
i ar panaa ia7si4 far
tar iafactaoatr laetlat aaek laa. lr or
raa ay a i aau 1 1 apaw aaa latte po0sv
C iar aW ax af la aaht Wr Wtj. awtrr
a axuMiaiHUKM& ef tbcas.
tai aaj aaaa aa nVt Baal ef taelatnior Ce-
i A. D. liT.
iiiiCt, G. WILDER,
asiabser af &t latcrtor.
' VauasaK aaa tats car ae;apaatated
raT raaon ar (a otetneof trUu, lsiiw!
tc.tr. null i, aM if.
afkfeur ef tt laMar.
Zx t LiceaKK Ilxplriu in April,
JL I ,
. aUttSaaav Maaskaatst, -
. IWau.Ktart. -
Dae aa XOBac into, HiaulJu.
L aBwafc Watoa. lav.
. aaiaiiiHa. 2tCaaaa ataxc.
a, tKat aaiaa, .
aa aCaTMBMa. avrt avraaL
ta. Mad. raaiaaanwc
Sa. Mi mi fan Till -rat.
aflat Sflalafe PaaBaVB Cajtj "ttlpua
3d a a. faaadaVT.
. raaOatm. Th tilaa IL Ataai, Ktmalr.
12. OnCaaec A-.Haa!!.
aaaa$Ru. JauaM. JL 'Xeti,lluil.
tEEBrta k Qarw , Heaateta.
J Wons, Hawaii.
K. rVmmmK. Ttmt im.laiaHilB.
?ha i ar itfM, Hasalafa.
a. Tjaaaai.Ti at, Baaaaac .
m. Slaaaaaa. K. C. -
. ai arait. - -U
A BvKtc Sa It.
' a Notto Cmiitix. Amec; tbe
kaae takes place is tbls city
store iaterest than
isazwdAkoca, who at tbe
4eati i vs te proprietor of tbe Inter-
Sactatoast te tMs city. Akooa came to
Ma mttre cocalrr CWna aboct
rlSK or liSS. He landed os these chores
e vac told vith otfeers of his countrymen
aoocT. and was pcrchased bj the
Br- Latfcrop wfck whoas be lived ttefnll period
Alter the ezpintiOD of his con-l
4a Br. Lalfcroji, Atooa went into business
sad aajrk was sfe rtfwUtioc for
ttau a caaMed
C mmmSat oc ha ward, whKh be sever faiied
. I. -' few Tears 1 realized
a fortune laocae eirht or ten
s Witt which ae letlbe Island
ariere he taade some' of Ms
tssassfortable and retsnted dead broke to
- Bu was saeti for hoaestr
naaeia capacity, that he was very soon
in fca reac 1 1 irmu and as csaal made mosey
main be accumulated abed
He totst a tease oe tbe iDteraitiooa! Hon-l
be ran as a resuaraot very sec-
xa t tbe uok of h death. Akosa was
t cossUitHed net, who
ar ta see a feUow creatsre In distress.
Se vats bessevroJesjt ta a tacit and bo mac ever
asm bat xsd made knows to Atona that he
sra can I of fssasU aad is dtstress, that tbe soble
CtesMSttaa dMoot shirt wit u bis fellow
sesasarese. whether the reci Dies t of his
rvu a OaSBtaia ara He wis
i.okafcriy pa-gal 1st Americans, asd many a poor
ku cooi reasao to remember with cratefal
2a&S.lfee tasjsteess and Bberalit r of the lite pro-
i use merr.nmrii itesfisrist. if a fellow
la Atasi siuf ttA T m nnr nf
(ssTtiBte r and en. aad came everv die
mat K tares get, work. It roa do not cet work, instead of for his eoosia J. BulL The airs from the
sat Save aw taoaey cone asd cat aay how. If you i operetta are becoming quite popular, and people are
J-Sf-Jae wisyweU. bat if ya no pay me ' repeating to each other the often recurring bit of
a. lE." Ob the Chinese new year' i legne" What, sever?" ".No sever I"
af rsfti st ef JaJy. Akosa would set oat sueo " Well, hardly ever." In epite oi many differences
sail! as o-o other nun did in this city. On the i there must fce still some itrocr bond of nnlon in
Sat sf Jalc be wosld Save his rooms literally
last " 3esteaB eaes " as he called them.
be treated fes princely style. Akosa is cose
suae vt te misses' is this comnsaity mare this
te tjrtat ffcsik. s the coomssity are aware of. The
Sdm af fact a sua as Akosa is a pab&c loss, for he
te every teste of the term. It be
be a bean tbit overflowed
wvsjh - calls, of tiaaa kiadcess, asd be paiifitd
sus coote nil a re witttost osten
SaasK, lor tie pieuare it anarded aim to
Trn.6r a tteserotesee that knew so bosBds.asd
rasrr aasrses use ca;y orratBitenn to the wants , - - iyi me sueeu
13. If God lores a csecrfal giver, ei cat aft, whether the wind be ahead orfree, Is
ma w beSsaTw its oesL then exs temretl &
axst 1 the cspexeosrta, where ciirity U the
eroriaiiji glssry of raea and the delisht of icjels.
"ZSjt iryntri w est off ia tie midst of hjj cie.
TiHwes. sj tic tamenoas fiat of tbe Invisible. Hi
2c aSsx a lev basis siekcese, bst of what
fjitntr S3 oae ksowa. He was abosi LQ
ijrtss mC Bc and left a wile asd several children.
m was sw xssale asd cospetest baslsess mas
SHr1 Vests istE&ceacs far beyond that caaally
,-. Jiote ia his brabe sphere of life, fill
3sx were followed to their last restlcg plsce
xs littzsoos, March 29, by a large
XSBErrste fif - n3 VM memb&?. rtt lis.. Tlnnn.
Ists fsr pepartraeat. cf wbich be was aa honored
aser 01 Ms it may be teellarJT Mid Be-
rsfflscxJ bZ rrr
DEVOTED TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
PUBLISHED A'D EDITED BY
WEDSESDAr. APRIL 2. 1579.
His Majesty Queen Kapiolani returned on
Sawhy taornirig last in the steamervUkelike
from a short -visit to the Island oi Hawaii.
It will be seen br notice in our "By
colnan, that Her Eoyal Higbness
Princess Litelike has been ajipainted Governess
of the Island of Hawaii, vice Governor
S. Kipi deceased. .
Tne above appointment is in accord -with
the wishes and traditions of the native race,
because it shows a desire on the part of His
Majesty the King, to create a line of Chiefs and
Chiefesses, and thus preserve the succession
of raters and chief persons for the native Hawaiian
to look to for advice, counsel and s
TVe have completed our arrangement with a
corps of correspondents, namely from Xew
York, Washington. San Francisco and San
Jose, California, who will contribute to the
columns af the Gazette in future regularly.
This feature of our paper will possess considerable
interest to our readers. We will
also have an occasional letter from a friend
Mir traveling in Southern Africa. We shall
spare no reasonable expense to render the
Gazbtte a most valuable family and business
1'lie Labor Quctlon.
Our readers will fiijd two very interesting
articles in this weeks Gazette from the pen
of Hou. Walter Murray Gibson, of Lahaina;
and Hon. Godfrey Rhodes, of this city, which
will well repay perusal, and to which we invite
attention. We have already written and
published our opinions on the labor question,
with a view to elicit a discussion of the subject,
and we are right glad that two such able
gentlemen as Messrs. Gibson, and Bhodes,
have taken up the question, because it is evident
that they understand what they arc wri
ting about ; and therefore, it is hoped that
good may come of the discussion. It will not
do for the people of these Islands to fold their
arms and trust to luck for a supply of laborers,
for as sure as grass jrrows, and water seeks
its level ; the future destiny of this .Kingdom
is inevitably sealed, unless labor can bo
brought here and employed at a profit. The
labor question therefore involves all that is
vital in the future wellfare of the Hawaiian
Islacds, and must be met fairly and squarely.
LETXEE JSOJI BEW YOEK.
3ctu Comtpondeitee of tit Gaxette.
SevToes. Feb. 15. 1S79.
The valce of tbe teitimonj of' experts " ia crim
iea.1 cafes Is f smewhat doobtful. Some time ago
there was tbe trial ct Jesse BiMogs for tbe shooting
of tis wife, in which mcch "expert" testimony was
taken as to tbe behavior of a btjlet in passing
through a pace of glass, and as to cany other mat 1
ters connected with ballets and powder. 2o sooner
did one expert swear one thing than tbe ' other
side " went oat and soon found another expert who
was wilting to swear to the exact opposite. Ifo
waader the jury disagreed. Then cxme the trill of
Nathan F. Hart in Maine for the murder of a neighbor,
who was a woman and a relation of bis. J The
proafef his gnilt depended largely upon whether he
did, or did not, write certain anonymous letters.
Soeae experts in penmanship (wore that he did,
white others swore that he didn't. Later still we
have had tbe trial of Mrs. Kate Cobb for the msrder
of her husband. Professor Boremos, the well known
chemttt, performed various experiments in the court
room and took particular pains to make clear to the
jury his reasons for believing that Mr. Cobb came to
his death by arsenic. The defence placed on the
stand a professor from Ya'e College who swore that
he did not agree with Professor Ooremos, that he
did not approve his methods, sor did he admit the
justice of Ms canclnsion.
Ta be a juryman on such occasions is to be a very
mceh perplexed person, and it is no wonder that the
eaitridietory evidence of the so-called "experts " is
often ignored, and the verdict fonnd in accordance
with tbe evidecce outside of their testimony .
Duelling, except perhaps among Gennan'students,
or the eccers of some of the European armies, is
geaerally supposed to be obsolete, or nearly so ; but
the list of duels for the last year published br the
Onttnaati Oesutrrrtai shows that such encounters
are by n means rare. The list includes twelve
daels, ten having been fought in America, and two
in Europe. In seven cases one of the combatants
was either hilled or wounded, in one case both were
killed, while in four cases there was nobody hurt.
Probably more duels might be added to the lilt, but
is it sot long enough as it Is to prove that the
of the nineteenth century can still produce an
occasional pair of fools?
There is a mania just sow for publia challenges !
it began with pedestriasism, but now everybody
i real s to be anxious to challenge anybody to do anything.
We have had challenges from champion lager
beer drinkers, champion apple pie eaters, champion
onion eaters, and champion doughnut, eaters. Can-not
vsa send as a champion raw Ssh eater to cap tbe
crtmax? Speaking of eating reminds one of drinking
and drinking reminds me that Mrs. President Hayes,
who is a strict temperance advocate, has been giving
oEeoce to the temperance iatemperates of Boston by
wearing in public a wine colored dress. At Jeast so
says the Boston Herald, but there is a possibility
that the HerjU inteads this far a joke.
The committee charged with the duty of investigating
the cypher despatches, which passed between
the Democratic leaders daring the lite presidential
't contest, his been at work in this city. Much testimony
was takes, and the fact that certain Demc
crits were wHlin? to purchase the votes of members
J ,h K'turningBoards bis been mid. evident. Tbe
' ,kPoWk "iim thtt the plan was sot consummated
"cause me men of me .Returning Boards were too
benest to be bribed, and tbe Democrats assert that
tn"? cwH easily enough, have bought up these
' alleged honest men had not Tilien interfered and
?ot ceP u 'be negotiations. It is amusing to read
the head lines of th party organ ; for instance the
Sax: " Ji clean, tlear and fM denial, Jy SamuclJ.
Tilde." " He had so Knowledge or Suspicion that
Proposals for the Sale or Purchase of Electoral Votes
I were Made." Th.n ih. TV-,.. T.M... D.-..-.J.;.
I ttc." When the evidence can be looked at so
I pliceatiy from two sta.dpoiht, differing as widely as
those of the ? aLd Timei, the finding of tbe com -
t sittee, whatever it may fce, can readily be hailed is a
j victory by both sides.
The conic open. Pin-ion. is all the rage here H.
31. 5. just now. Is fact there is a small
saforei" under sail, the piece being performed at
j no less than four theatres in New York and one in
j Brooklyn. As this is a thoroughly English " Pi-
i nafore" it is somewhat remarkable that Brother
I Jooithan tikes theeatof it to well; but it seems to
! at him as well as if it were made expressly for him.
I twees the English sceakinp n.. on km!, .M.. f
the Atlantic when a play so intensely British cis
oeceme to popular wits American audiences.
The ice on tbe Undsoa is is splendid condition for
ice-yacht sailing, a fact of which tbe owners of ice-yachts
are not slow is availing themselves. The
ice-yacht is a remarkable affair. It is a frame-work
set upon runners asd carrying usually a large
and jib. The speed attained by these " boaU "
i " IOO"'BE wonaertul. In some instances being
! tni "" of " P"" train. One peculiarity of
fact with the wind dead asters they are obliged to
"" uiafiei coarse, taas asjraing to me eye
cfthe seafaring man the singular spectacle of a
craft aetoally teatjsg to leeward. 3. 1. F.
Moosught CoiCKBT. Tbe basd will play
fvreather permittisp) at Emma Sqnire to-morrow
evesicg; at 7.30 o'clock. The folio wIde Is the
i Mirth, Qaeea Kaplolisi, Cercer
- Overtnre; IA;tt Cavalry, Snppe
3 Waltz. Cigliostro,..,, Slrans
4 Selection, Scotch ong Maanen
5 ScieetioD. Travuta Verdi
, 6 Qcadrille, A Chain of Roaren. new Fanst
i f Q.?.i rtr 1 i-' -a .. I
j 7 Selection, Offeabachiana,....
The sLabor QunllOB.
Ml. Editor In any diseosiioa respecting rtropo..
lation of these islands, or supply of labor, I cannot
remain IndiSereat. and wish to aid the present agitation
of cur great question with a few observations.
The Hon. Q. Rhodes in a recent letter on this
subject kindly referred to my action in connection
with the Hawaiian Immigration Society, and J beg;
to present to your readers a few particulars ia relation
to that organisation, and the Immigration movement
I sought in 1STI through the intermediary of tbe
Honolulu Chamber of Commerce to form an Immigration
Stock Company, and in an addrejs belore
that honorable body I endeavored to induce planters
and others reprtsenticg the industries of the country
to Invest their means as an association and co-operate
with the Government for the supply of labor and
consequently to some extent of population; but no
one was willing at that lima to employ any private
means in such enterprise; all parties looking to the
public treasury as the only source for the aid of immigration,
whether for popalation. or for labor alone.
But there grew out of the discussion tbe Hawaiian
Immigration Society, as organiaation formed for the
sake of information only. Altera time a report br
the Secretary of this Society was issued respecting
the resources and labor requirements of the King,
dom, and since then the Society has bees dormant
for years ; and as it is not likely to take in hand any
farther action, I would recommend that the Hawaiian
Immigration Soeiety donate its small fund of about
$176. sow deposited with Bishop i Co., to some active
and beneficent institution ; say, to the "Work
isgmen's Library Association."
Again in 1ST6 I agitated my scheme of an Immigration
Stock Company. I had some assurance of
co operation from men of means before I took the
matter in hand ; and I had reason to hope from the
high expectations awakened by the treaty of reciprocity
just ratified that then private capital might
be induced to co-operate with the public revenue In
meeting tbe great need of both "hands" and souls m
these islands. However, in a formal discussion on
the subject with a company of induential business
men, mj stock company idea was opposed with the
assurance, that we should look solely to the Uoicrn
ment and taxation for the solution of our industrial
needs, as well as our question of repopulation. So,
again my company scheme was defeated, but there
grew out of this discussion of it, a Mexoiuil, which
aoakeued some public interest; but still left our
great question of repopulation, and its dependent issue,
a suCcient supply of labor. practically so
further advanced than it is now that is in the stage
of talk and yrtar.
It was suspected bv many, I was given to under-stand,
at the times mentioned, that the chief promoter
of tbe immigration agitation was desirous of an
oce, or a mission abroad. This is a usual suspicion
ia such cases. Jiow, whatever my have been the
motire in this case, I can ij this however, that hid
he gone at the time to the recruitintr fields of dodu.
latlun pointed out, he would have devoted himself to
immigration alone, and would have exhassted tbe
subject in a volume of facts that would now be before
Tbe country needs information to guide its action,
and I beg to furnish a few statements of fact in refer
ence to one of the recruiting Gelds recently discussed
in your journal, the Southern States of America.
I was ia South Carolina and other Southers States
about four months ago, and I spoke by invitation on
several public occasions about Ihese islands ; their
resources and requirements, and I received at tbe
time a multitude of propositions, from parties, ehiedy
colored, proposing to emigrate to the "Kingdom of
Kalakaua." I enquired into the condition of labor
South, especially in South Carolina ; and I learned
that euitomaryplantation and farm wages were $5
and $0 per mocth without food or lodging in some
cases, or with an allowance of a peck, or say 15 lbs.
corn meal, or rice, and 7 lbs bacon perxenk. Bacon
at Co per lb, and corn 40c per bushel, or say less
than one cent a pound for tneil. I spoke to many,
white as well as colored, who worked for such wages.
Xow in reference to the character of ibis libir. especially
of the colored. I will say, that although
I observed many who were performing only irregular
and desultory work on home patches, yet it was
evident that tbe hired colored men did better work
than in the times of slavery. I noticed these labor-I
crs in the field, and in the forests, and I saw that
under good management they were excellent team
sters, expert axemen, stout ditchers, and handled
the hoe with a vigor and liveliness to delight planter
with foul crops. If it were not so, how could
the cottos States get their fire million and more
bales of cotton with about half a million able-bodied
laborers? And furthermore, I stated certain economies
in the working of tbe Southern colored laborer,
that could be advantageously practised on our plantations.
He generally furnishes his own whip ; supplies
new collars for his team, made at night, with
his own hands out of corn shucks or pushes ; helves
his axe or hoe ; and as I noticed on one occasien, in
riding about tbe country, expertly and readily repaired
alone a wagon wheel, that had got broken, by
getting out of the neighboring woods, and patting
into the damage! wheel some false spokes ; and thus
me colored laborer or the bouts affords many facilities,
and practices a multitude of economies in labor
that could notbe expected ol laborers entirely strange
to American or European kind of work. Were it not
for this economical labor, how else can tbe Louisiana
planter mike money oat of linds yielding only half
a ton of sugar to the acre? Without this economy,
it seems hard here to make money out of lands
yielding three, four, five, and even seven tons to
I could have brought with me last November,
hundreds of such laborers referred to, along with
their wives and children. The advance required was
simply the cost of transportation. Xo other was
spoken of, or expected. And tbe following table of
charges for iransportotion of an emigrant from South
Carolina to Honolulu is based upon information obtained
at agencies is 'ew York asd elsewhere ; ani
is estimated for one hundred emigrants.
Steerage fare Charleston or Savannah to Xew
From interior to the coast................ 5.00
Ticket, Sew York to Sas Francisco... 30.00
Steerage to 20.00
Provisions on the way .HH.HH 10.00
The charge for a sisgle overland e migrant ticket
is $50, but I was told that in some cases of special
arrangement lor anumoer toe tare nad been reduced
as above. As overland tickets could not be obtained
from Columbia, Atlanta, or other interior Southern
towns at reduced rates, the emigrant couldbe shipped
more economicilly by way of Sew York. I made no
enquiries about steamer passages by way of Panama,
but I do sot think there would be any reduc'tins on
the above charges , and besides it would be better in
order to keep up the morale of your emigrants, that
they .hould be transported by the most expeditious
route. Sow allow for contingencies, snehas charges
for probable detention in San Francisco, asd put tbe
cost of introduction of Southern laborers on our plantations
at $90 per head and the planter will merely
pay what he is now anxiously proffering as an advance
to any kind of a "hand" he can get hold of.
The colored men I spoke to were willing to engage
for one, two or three years, and expressed themselves
delighted at a prospect of ten dollars a month asd
lodged and fed os rice asd beef. But let the terms
be twelve dollaxs per month and board.
From this Southern field our planters can
procure without much delay, or any
segotiatios a supply of laborers, trained
asd strong, and capable of entering into immediate
and complete communication whilst carryingonwork
with the planting employers of this coantry.
Bat notwithstanding the great value of this recruiting
field for labor, I do sot urge it upon public
attention as a chief source for the repopulation of
this Archipelago. Here in my adopted country, I
look at our great question from a Hawaiian standpoint,
and hope ai I have always striven for the perpetuation
of a Hawaiian race or a Polynesian people,
by an infusion of new blood from kindred, cognate,
asd Atlatic sources; and therefore I heartily welcome
a revival cf the discussion of this subject.
There is as impendisg crisis is Hawaiias affairs
owing to the conditioa of tbe population asd the
seed for actios is haminent.
How sad is the present condition of the Hawaiias
I eassot derive the consolation from our late census
that some express. The great disproportion uf
sex. to which I called attention so earnestly in IS74,
is mneb greater sow than at that time. The disproportion
has been steadily n the increase daring
the last quarter of a century, as shown by several
returns : In IS66 there were 5.S3I excess of males ;
in 1S72 tbere were 6,403 excess of males ; ia 1S7S
tbere were 10,221 excess of males.
Over ten thousand more men than women in a
popalation of 57,985 1 i I
This condition of our population, as stated appears
bad enough, but it is worse when yon examine
Sotice the following statement of facta derived
from oar last census;
We have ia oar popalation 15,5(0 males between
15 and 40 years, to 9,595 females of the same ages.
Asd aa about ose seventh of the latter number are
foreign, we have at this time about eight thousand
native females of aa age for child-bearing, of males
over 40 yean, we have 6.605; asd if we deduct from
this namber of very advanced years, we
will have remaining a nnmber of elderly yet marriageable
men to be added to the estimate for prime
middle age males; asd then making allowance for
the proportion of foreigners married to foreign females,
we stilf have in these islands somewhere
eightecs to tweoty thousand adult males, who
have to seek for female companionship among abont
eight thousand Hawaiias women of suitable age for
child-bearing! I !
This is as sgly statement, asd I will be glad to
bare it shows that I aa mistaken.
But consider that there are la the islands 5,451
Chinese malts in excess of Chinese females. And of
American, British, German, French, Portuguese,
and other foreigners, as excess of males of 1,010 ;
whilst native males exceed native female by !,6SS.
The excess of foreign males, chiefly Chinese, superadded
to tbe surplus saliva males is rapidly destroying
tbe Hawaiian race. A scrutiny of tome of
our labor centres will convince joa ef this. Kotice
the Koolaupoko district near yua, with 1599 males
to SOS females I Its popalation of 2,402 his only
243 children vnder 6 year of age. And how can
there be mech hope of increase in a population where
the males are in excess as two to one female! And
see a worse state of affairs at Puna, Kauai.
It has been pointed out by the able compiler of the
census that tbere has been an increase oT the per
centage of children under 6 years as for instance :
In 1S7S there aere. .. -.. T.80S
Is 1S72 there were... ,....... 6,869
Excess in favor of 1S7S 759
But you must bear ia mind, that there has been
alo a steady increase of foreign women who are
generally prolific in these islands.
In 1566 foreign females in this country . 1.653
InlS72 " " " " " ...... ......2 .333
In 1S78 ' " " " " 3.1S2
And so, while we notice an Increase of 10 per cont
of children under 6 years of the whole population
since 1S72; we must alsos consider an increase of 40
per cent of foreign females daring the Sana period.
.Xow I point uat this condition of things in order
to show that the great question before this country
is not exactly, however important, tbe supply of
labor, or even repopu'ation ; except as in reference
to tbe equalisation of the sexes. This should occupy
tbe most earnest attention or tbe Christianity, the
pbilanlhrophy, and tbe statesmanship, as well as of
the planting and other industrial interests of the
As we are not part of any political power, and
have no mother country to which we could make
appeal in oar difficulty on tbe ground of our dependency
; we must nuke oar appeal to great and en.
lightened States, on tbe broad ground of humanity
and a common civilixation. We have made one appeal
to the Great Republic to have tbe opportunity
of a better market, and we have had a generous response
; and if for the paramount needs of population
and supply of labor, we should mike appeal to
Gieat Britain, I doubt not we would be met iu tbe
spirit of her enlightened philantbrophy. In the
prosecution of this great matter, it would be welt to
bear in mind the words of the Memorial alluded to,
and "talc as dtuial. but appeal ta every influence
that is calculated to finally inspire a favorablo eon
sideratioa of our national condition in the minds of
the governuentof any enlightened Christian Power."
I have no doubt that tbe Goveroment of the Em.
press of India controls the best recruiting fields, even
including Japan, for the satisfactory repopulation of
this Archipelago and the equalisation of the sexes
among the Hawaiian people.
We should long ago hare investigated the East
Indian, and other Asiatic fields for people ; and our
supiceoes and Deglect in this matter of the chief
needs of the country, will appear almost culpable to
thoughtfjl minds looking into our national condition.
Bat as we still live as a State, and maintain our independence,
and it is not too late yet to go to work,
it is a fortunate circumstance, the visit of a well-in-formed
gentleman, Mr. Home, from the island of
Mauritius, wbioh is such an aJmirublo illustration of
what may be done by intelligent and active
with a Govetnment in bringing
about a favorable repopulation of a country.
The plasters and others engaged is tbe industrial
interests of these islands mutt organize and invest,
u well as wait on tbe Government.
It is true that our business community is in a tight
strain at tbls time ; ro much so, that the Government
has had to assist private enterprise with public
funds : Yet our condition is hopeful, we have a
marvellous soil, fine growing crops, and an open
market, and there is nothing to prevent a commencement
of ACTIOS, for labor and repopslitlnn.
Walter Mcbsat Gissom.
Lasikeha, March 29, 1S79.
TI10 Labor ciivtion.
To the Editor qf the Ilauailan Gaiette.
Sis, I cannot too much admire the candor of
Mr. W, R. Castle's letter In tho advertiser o!
last. He, like many others, seet the necessity
of prompt action if we desire our prosperity to
survive the life of the Reciprocity Treaty. He believes
we should not attempt to Introduce East
Indians, principally for two reasons, first that they
are a feeble race, swept off in myriads in their own
country by cholera and famine, not likely througa
filltt and proneoess to disease to make sood laborers,
and that they mibt " briug here tbu seeds of
"cholera, and will not probably improve the
"national blood as to leprosy and some other
"loathsome diseases." Second that being British
subjects "we shall Hod practically that the behests
"of two goveroments will have to be observed."
Bat "perhaps the first and most practical one is
" the expense." I auswer this as io a former letter.
We do not know what the expeuse will be; Mr.
Carter got bis information in London, not In India.
It may be all wrong. Let us go to the fountain
head, India, and find oat there. If we then find the
expense too great for ns to incur we can abandon
To tbe objection first noted I reply that although
snept off by many thousands in their own country
they can not be a weak or effete race. They multiply
so rapidly that it Is a difficult matter to feed
them. Mr. Home eav6 "they have filled Mauritius
"are cood servants and laborers, and not more
to disease than men of anyother nationality."
We have bad a few of them here in past years,
some of whom I bave known, and as far aa I know alt
have been good citizens. One survives, now servant
to Mr. W. Pfluger ot the firm of Messrs. Hackfeld
& Co., but 1 believe be is a native of Goa. In one
of the priie assays kindly lent me by .Mr. Carter
occurs the following passage : "Tbere can be no
"doubt that if Africans in sufficient numbers are
"unattainable, tbe Bengal and Madras coolies are
"laborers best suited to our climate and
tutlons, and if tbe restrictions which have hitherto
"been thrown in the way of emigration by the
"Indian government be removed it does not
"require a prophet to fortell a glorious future
"for the magnificent province of British Guiana."
Whv cot of tbe Hawaiian Islands as well ?
With respect to Mr. Castle's other objection,
their being British subjects. Do not let us throw
away a possible blessing before we know that we
shall incur danger from the British government.
hhe is a bideons spectre certainly, bat tbe did once
restore the Independence of Hawaii, when It had
been wrongfully taken and she probably still finds
It tn her interest to reSDCCt that independence.
Like tbe American Minister, the British commis
sioner is stationed here to watcn over the interests
of his countrymen. It might be bis duty at any
moment to Intervene for their protection between
tbein and this government. I have sever beard of
bis having done so yet, and that is tho guarantee
we most take for the future; bat even if we do not
employ these people we cannot rid ourbelves of this
formidable person. I have not time at present to
treat this objection as fully as it deserves.
It is certain, we snail never know wh.t dangers
we bave to apprehend if we do not make proper
Mr Castle's hope in Sooth Sea Islanders I fear
will not be realized. A letter from the Minister of
the Interior sent some months ago. accepting tbe
offer made by a firm in Fiji to introduce some of
these people, of whom 1 nas to have bad twenty,
has not been answered, and we now see Fiji, herself
at no great distance from the islauds they are
brought from, is Introducing East India coolies as
A correspondent signing In the last issue, of
vour paper, who evidently was not present during
tbe earlier part of the meeting says "no one cau
"act intelligently without tbe tacts. Let us have
"them." f quite agree with him. Let ns have the
facts by all means. Here are some of them. Id his
report to the Legislature last year the Minister of
Finance, Mr. Kapera said ' wages bave still an
" ward tendency By reason of this demand for
"labor it most be expected that those wbo need
"labor will seek to supply themselves from
whence it can be most conveniently obtained,
"and on the cheapest terms. Xabor as well as
"capital will be sought for abroad by those
ia our agricultural and commercial enter-'
prises, and to abridge unnecessarily their liberty
" in this respect would be suicidal." This statement
applies equally to the present as to the past.
A little farther on in tbe same report we find " In
" Jaae bit, the Hon. H. A. P. Carter, being abont
" to Droceed to London as Minister Plenipotentiary,
"tbe Board (of Immigration) authorized him to
"loot thoroughly into the feasibility of an Eat
"Indian immigration, and If possible, to make
' practical arrangements for pntting it into opera-"
tion. It was deemed desirable tnat an
mentor understanding should be had with the
" British authorities, by means of which tbe
would be facilitated and placed onona
" paying and permanent basis." Admirable means!
Careful ministry I How thoroughly I agree with
you. Bat let me continue my qnotation.
tbe famine which prevailed in India pre-
"seuted insurmountable obstacles and reports
"from Mr. Carter show that circumstances are
at present to any arrangemesla which
"can be made available ior an immigration from
" the Indie. The Board have therefore forborne to
preta tbe project, and bave taken Mr. Carter's
" advice to await a more favorable opportunity."
Mr. Carter saya that be was received with courtesy
and respect by the government of Great Britain,
and we bave heard that every information was
given, facility promised, and that to help us ont of
our difficulties. Lord Salisbury anggested that if
possible Mr. Wodebouse should go to India. Does
toil agree with tbe declaration of tbe late ministry
that tbe famine which derailed Id India presented
V icsurmorlaUble obstacle-? Yet that declaration
made in a solemn report to tbe Legislative Assembly
Iwas In 1S73. It is flatly contradicted by inform
ation received from other sources. In the mean
time our plantations are languishing for want of
that supply of labor which for year putt their
owner have been dolcjt their utmost o obtain
while many of tbem ud the agents far about three-fourth
of the whole number are met with determined
opposition for which the only hitherto
avowed reason, except those of Mr. Castla on Qatar-day,
and that of the lamina above mentlnned, is
that it would cost too much money. 1 think sir.
every man Is the best Judge of bla own affairs, and
In what direction he should look for assistance.
The late ministry said "to abridge unnecessarily
" the liberty of those engaged Id agricultural
prises In eeeklng for lahor abroad ould be
What wuuld be the proper epithet wbru
those teekiog, should be prevented by other from
obtaining It, a at present?
In his report 10 Mr. Felrcaln June last on his
return from Europe Mr. Carter said "It was hoped
"be would be enabled. ..If It teemed practicable
" to enter luto a scheme of East Inrtlau Immigration
" ....I was Instructed to uccotlatr. If possible, a
"cuuveutlou with Her Majesty's guvernuteut
log tbe condltloua ot such immigration from the
"East Indian potset.loii nf Her Majesty tbe Quccu
"of Great Britain, etc., etc."
That is all the. Information Mr. Carter gave. He
did not allege any reason why be did not make tbe
attempt at negotiation, nor did he again relcr to
the He has tiucu said ho waa recalled by
tbe Ministry. The MluUtry said that owing to the
famine, Ac tbe Board have taken Mr. Carter's advice
to an all a more lavorablo opportunity. Certainly
we have not the labor Mr. Carter at tn have
taken uietwurw to provlda us with, and itappcara
that he consider "the more favorable opportunity"
for obtaining It has not yet arrived.
Mr. Carter was one of the committee of three
who. with Mr. Gibson aud tbe writer. In February,
ISTrJ, addressed the King In favor of tbe measure
which he went to England professedly to carry.
What has induced him to so completely change his
mind that he now opposes tbe enterprise to which
be was then so devoted? Why, If he docs tint
choose to embark In It himself, should he and his
friends strive "to abridge unnecessarily tbellbert)"
of those who do? Do these gentlemeu fear that
the Hindoos whom I and others seek to Introduce
will lead our lnuoceut Chinese laborers astray, contaminate
their morals, ucrvert their gentle natures.
sully their purity, break down their incorruptible
honesty, by heathen "lies and practice ? Do they
fear that the strict. I bad almost said stern, morality
which characterize nur Iaboriug population, will
suffer by contact with those barbarous lliudooa?
It so, 1 cannot share with them cilberthrirleart or
scruples. It was only last week tht sixteen out of
twenty-four of these honest celestials, shipped In
Sin Francisco to work on a platilition on Hawaii,
escaped from the vessel that brought them and
bolted amongst their countrymen, thereby robbing
their strmrgllog employer of means he could 111 al-ford
to lose. A pleasant forelaste of what we may
expect is hen wo haul a few more thousands in our
I now ask. what Is likely to be our lot at nn very
distant day If we are prevented from piovldiug Indispensable
labor? Tbe titles of some plantations
bave become vested in joint stock companies. Ill
reasonable to suppose that more u 111 follow. The
stocks will be throw u oq the market. When the
present owners, during our brief period of prosperity
have made all thu money they can, and tbe future
proprietor are left heavily burdrned with debt;
when the few Portuguse we have succeeded In In.
troduciug, their period ot service having expired,
refuse to rcueiv their contract except at advanced
rates of wages; nhcu the Reciprocity Treaty ha expired
and cannot be renewed; plantations starving
lor the labor that c.iunot bo obtained; vessels lu
consequence rotting in harbor becuuse there
to carry; merchants without business und compelled
to dismiss their clerks; Ironworks withtbelr
large plant uueniplojed; forges silent, and all
classes of mechanics deprived of the means of supporting
themselves and families, with tbe national
revenue so reduced that (.very department of Government
is crippled ; our celestial Immigrants ruling
us in their own tasbion, what then will be done
to restore our lost prosperity ! What plans are being
matured to ward off starvation ?
Mr. Editor, you justly remark " Labor is tbe real
" wealth of any country, aud where the supply of It
" falls the Industries of the country fall, and
clal ruin becomes inevitable. To guard against
" such a catastrophe Is the mission of a statesman."
I trust our present rulers will ahow by their measures
that they approve that doctrine.
On the 'JSth of March I received a note from Mr.
Carter pointlug out to me "that the statement. In
" your (my) communication to the Gazette of tho
"llflth Inst., regarding the firm of C. Brewer & Co.,
"Is entirely incorrect." This being the case, I can
only regret having made, and so withdraw it. Tho
Inference urosc from the fact that, at the meeting on
tbe labor question at Mr. Wilder's office two or
three months ago, nearly all the Information was
given by Mr. Carter, from papers to which he referred,
and that I bate since understood from him
that be was still in communication with a firm, I
believe in London, on the same subject of immigration;
thence Judjiuir, rashly, as It appears, that
his firm had the matter in hand. Hoping that this
explanation will satisfy tbe gentlemen erroneously
referred to, I remain. Mr. Editor,
Your Most Obedient Servant,
Mr. Clnrts Spreckles, of SJullfOrnia, Intends
to coostruct a large Ditch on the Island of Maul, for irrigating
purposes. Any person or persons willing to excavate
or dis; 500 feet or more of this ditch by contract, and
be paid for such work eitner by tbe number of cubic feet
or by tbe number of running feet of the ditch excavated,
are requested to apply to II. Schoisler, llalku, Maui, or to
Wni. G. Irwin Co., ilonolulo, who will give tbem the
necessary Information. CUTJS SPRECKE W,
By II. bCHOSSLEIt.
November 23, 1S73. ,33 3m
To Cane Planters.
cam: LANDS IV Till! nietrlcts
of Kohala. Hatnalcua and IlUo, Hawaii, for lease la
suitable 1'its, with mill ftciUlle. App.j to
,l TIIEO. H. BAVIES.
STEEL WIRE ROPE.
j OsrhtTh feet i.ixrii stf.ei. ttibe
y9Kwy Rope, suitable for Tramways or hoisting
works- For Sale by
712 1m WSf. O. IRWIN A CO.
UNDEIISIUVED HAVE JUST BE
OEIYED per Amy Turner, from Boston, a fall u
iortmeni of tbese celebrated Pumps, which are guaranteed
to he cheaper and better than any other stjle of
pomp Imported. "We call tbe attention of plan ten particularly
ta the Vacuum Pamp, which Is leas com plica led
nd more serviceable ban other pamps.
729 3m C. BREWER & CO.
c MARTHA DAVIS,'
A few more of those
From the old-established firm of WOODWARD A CROWN"
Tbe Pianos of ths mate already sold In thlt market
hare given good saibfacilon, and wear prepared to
rare bargains to parchasers. We cannot be undersold by
an joa e In Honolulu.
Pianos on Exhibition.
7s tr Castle Sc Cooke.
For Sale, Freight or Charter.
Tbe British Baric
For particulars apply to H. (TACKFELD & CO.,
;i3t Or the Captain oaJSoaxd.
Regular Packet forjlo & Kaupakuea.
The Clipper Schooner
For Freight or Fassage, spply ta
712 3n ALLES dt BOBiySOS, Agents.
BOSTON AND HONOLULU PACKET LINE !
cS C. Brewer &. Co. Agents. 22a
pyr favorable arrangement, can atwavs h.anrvy
made for storage and shipment of Oil, Bore, Wool, Hides
and other Merchandise to Sew Bedford. Boston, Xew York
and ttherEMtera Ports.
723-11- C. BBBWER CO.
3V. U &TJIJ ASFC
DISPATCH LINEFORSAN FRANCISCO!
DaAiarnr Jtt " 1 .Afvnnto V
M oianui va ww -& w "
iferebxodlse racelved Storace Free
and liberal cash advances made on shlpmeols by tbls 11ns.
cxDEttsiovr.n seeks empwt.
The Copjlst. Writing op Accounts, or any
wore Legal CopjlasT carefully done.
73 lm O n.HcCOSNF.LL. Garden Lane.
THOSE DESIRABLE PREMISES
In Hilcv Island of Uawali, at present oc.
enofal br T- Severance. Esa. Toe boose Is
two-story OS -rooms), with tsti house sad servant'
bcarters, stable, etc. Terms liberal. Apply to
J. H. COXKT, Hoaolalo,
711 Or a itICilAiao:?, Hllo.
FOR SA1Y FRANCISCO.
Tbe) Favorite) American Bark
B. C. MURRAY
JAS. KKOST, MAsTKlt.
Will have QuickDispatch for the above Fort J,
For tEht or rasaage, apply to
7 W. O. IltWIX CO.. Agents.
Two A 1 American Bark
Will have Quiok Dispatch for above Port
(1 II. ItACKFELD A CO., AftnU.
For San Francisco!
The Fine American Schooner
Will have Quick Dispatch for above Port.
For FreUtht and passage, apply to
Ttt II. IIACKFELt) CO.. Agents
:por sanjfran Cisco.
The American Barkeiitlne
Will have quick dispatch for above port
For Frtiiht or fassage, apply to
743 II. HACKFELD CO., Asreols,
NEW YORK AND HONOLULU
DIRECT LINE OF PACKETS
TO It. CBOVtMAX HltO.. 118 CHAMBER
vessel will Im laid on for Honolulu,
To Sail not Later than the middle of Juno.
Bavins; atrea'y secured a conalderablo freight for this
veset, there will be no ileUy in tailing.
For Freight or Fassage apply to the Agents above
named. 740 3m
FOR SAN FRANCISCO I
The American Burlt
jtfo IleleiiTW". Xxxxy
Will have Quick Dispatch for above port.
For Freight or Passage, apply to
CASTtB A COOKTJ. la
FOE SAN FRANCISCO
THE HAWAIIAN BARK
Will have Quick Dispatch far the above Port
For freight ana pasuge apply to
737 C. RUEWEU A CO.. Agents.
For Portland, Oregon.
The llauallnu Bark
CtfaSlv 'Mattie Macleay,'
Will have QuickDispatch for the above Fort
For Freight ox Passage, apply to
730 n. ItACKFELD CO., Agents.
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
For San Francisco.
WILL LEAVE HONOLULU FOR SAN FRANCISCO
On or about Monday, April 15th.
FOE SYDNEY VIA AUCKLAND !
THE 8PEEXDID STEAMSHIP
CITY OF SYDNEY !
On or about Monday, April 21st.
For Freight anil Fassage, apply to
712 3m H. HACKFELD CO., Agents.
Good lor Shipment per Steamer ears now
be Stored, Free or Charge. In 'te
IVarcUonse on fin ecu Street, known as Dr.
II. W. Wood's Bnlldlns;.
BEYXOLDS. t I I I MASTEU
Tuesday, April i, i p m. .Circuit ot nawall
Tuesday. April IS, S p m . Hllo
Tuesday, April 22, 5 p i ..Circuit of Hawaii
Tuesday, April M,ipm. Hito
Tuesday, May 6, 6 p mMW -Circuit of Hawaii
Tuesday, May 13, S p m Hllo
Tuesday, May 20, i p m -Circuit of Hawaii
Tuesday, May 27, S p m Hllo
Tuesday, June 3, S p m.... -Circuit of Hawaii
Tuesday, June 10, 5 p m.. UDo
Tuesday, June 17. i P Circuit of Hawaii
Tuesday, Jaae 21, S p m HDo
es Xo Credit for I'atsatre Money, -s
We positively refuse to opea accoants tor F&asages,
and we particularly call the attention of the traveling
public to the necessity ol having Baggge and Freight
plainly marked: tbe Steamer wilt not he responsible for
any unmarked baggage or for soy Freight or Parcels antes
Freight Honey Das on Demand.
In an cases at Freurbt for turtles notrespomlble or sin-
known, the Freight Money will be required In advsnee.
And we decline all responsibility as regards the lending of
live stock. We will use all care, bat will not guarantee
the lives of Horses, Cattle sod Mules.
PACKAGES orLKlCOUS and tVIXES MUST
BE PI.AIXEY MARKED
For the party whom they are for, or plainly stated In the
receipt to whom they are consigned.
AU demands for Damage or Lou, must be made with-n
1 In no wsy liable for Loss or Accident to Live Stock.
eer Hack Drivers. Boys, sad such like, win not be allowed
oo board tbe Steamer upon arrival, until after the
passengers have been landed.
712 WILDER 4 CO.
FOR EUROPE VIA NEW YORK
Two Sailings Every Week,
From 2Tew York every Wednezday,
From Boston every Saturday, I
RATES OF PASSAGE:
Cabin -80, and 9100 Gold,
According to Accommodation.
BETUBS TICKETS OW FAVOEABLE TZEMS.
Steerage.. .. ...838 Currency
Good accommodations can always be secured oo application
tntXIAMS, BLAXCBAED t Co.,
99 Stalest.. Boston.
a O. FBAJJCKLTH,
4 Bowline Green, Sew York.
Notice to Passenxers from AustraUs. Tfew Zealand and
Honolnlo. The Canard Line affords mora than usual nw
cEItles to throuzh passengers from sorts, the
frequency of Iu saUInz precluding all pfwiwaty t dilay
In Xew York.
Cood accommodations always reserved.
C. O. TRASCStXTK,
S3 ly Bowltararsea,HrwYork.
nil P WHliJ" fflfcim IHMUllWiJW'MlWWI
1MB 'WJWilllffW!'iiiWW Will
H. BRUNS. JR.,
ML mu OF FDlMTUll,
AT THE LOWEST PRICES!
Jb" U XJ?TJJEt.&2
ALWAYS OS BANS, AXB
ORDERS FILLED AT SHORTEST KOTICE
THE. rURTlTTTJBS is
in 3VX.clo Toy 1-n fiTy
AMD OF THK
BEST SEASONED STUFF,
No Pains will be Spared
SATISFACTION TO HIS CUSTOMERS.
Upholstering Boat) to Order.
Coffins Always On Hand.
7331 AND SEE.-K; p7
California One Price Bazar I
Invite attention to their very large and complete stock,
STAPLE AND FANCY GOODS
Comprising every article known m the trade. Their
nnsurp.tsed facilities enable them to offer a stock, which,
for size, variety and completeoess baa few if any equals
this city. munition Is called to th. following
AU JiEW, and now being
OFFERED AT VERY LOW PRICES I
Real Valenciennes Laces,
Real Russian Laces,
Real Black French Thread Laees,
Real Linen Lace, Pillow-case Lace,
Real Terchan Laces,
Real Eiceliior Laces. American Laoe,
Real Maltese Lace. Hamilton Lac.
Real Lion, Brabant, Prussian Lace,
Real Blana Lace.
Latest Styles, all shades.
A LARGE ASSORTMENT 07
lL7J7"OOl Sl3La.757"l I
AN IMMENSE LOT OF
SILK AND LINEN HANDKERCHIEFS !
A big line of Chenille Ties, the litest styles.
330 dox. Ladles' Misses snd Children's Hose,
(the Finest and Cheapest In this City.)
OenU' Plain and Fancy striped Hose
(lenta Uosa 12 11 ets, worth double.
PERFUMERY, HAIR OIL, POMADES!
A COMPLETE A8S0RTMKST OF
Lace Neckties, Box Quillings,
Among the many Bargains which were consigned to us
by the last Hteamer. we would call your attention to our
Ladies' and Cents' Underwear.
The Latest Styles of Jet Trimming,
Velvet Ribbon, Silk Fringes.
Colored Zephyr, Plata Chenille,
Lace Bibs, Paper Cambric,
Calico Shirts, Cb. Overshlrts,
Canton Flannel Undershirts and Drawers,
Sti j Blue Overshlrts,
Brown track snd Deolm Pants,
Linen Checked Shirts, '
SELECIA. WIOAV, AND
Everthingin the LINEN LINE!
2,3,4, and JB Button Kid Gloves,
Warranted to Wear.
THE BEST EASTEHX CORNETS.
LADIES WHILE SHOPPING
The California One Price Bazar I
Save Time and Money I
TbejwIIi flad tbere, without exception, the L&rxeU
..od most Complete Assortment of
FANCY AND STAPLE GOODS
Evsr exhibited In tbe KINOIXUt OF HA WAIL The
C. O. P. B. Is determined to lead. Oar visitors of the
n.i .m thnronrhlr convinced that we have the power
aud tbe will to bay aaU sell si the lowest possible price.
The motto of the & O. P. B. U, to Keep nice Goods
aud bell Cheap.
MELLIS & FISCHEL,
-13 C. O. P. BAZAR.
Coffee and Cream
Soda and Mineral Water Fountain '.
The Finest Fountain on the Watent Co art '
IS Ticket Tor Ose Dollar,
PAPER RULING AND BOOK BINDING
jr axx rra varied betaim. executed
i. with all the promptness that work to be done property
will warrant. Having secsred the services of a tbor.
oughiy competent workman lrom elan Francisco, I am
now prepared to attad to all orders for
Binding 2feietpapers, Magazines, Music,
Law Books, Beceipt, Checker Order Books,
Certificates cf Stock, Dispatches, :., o,
And all kinds
Taper ruled to any desired pattern, and Blsnk Books of
speclsl ruling, elz. or SdIjo, made op to order. "
Cbecks or Coruscates, perforated and numbered, or
paging, executed to order when desired.
Wiu ample machinery snd a full stock of B toiling Material
and competent bauds, superintended by aa experienced
rubber, the public has the guarantee that I will
laave oo'Aiog undone to Insure satoaictSea to an concerned.
All orers for Printing, la connection with tbe sieve,
wIU have attention. .
THOS. C. THRUM,
Stationer, Sews Dealer sad Book MEder. Merchant St.,
tii Honolulu. Jai