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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, December 26, 1883, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1883-12-26/ed-1/seq-2/

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Wrtfill i&frr to theorinkra expressed
fait nvk tint the nJ anaroa for oar
baton Mar a war entirdv with all the
hnoofi ?wr we are uwn. and rPaf
tJien with United States coinage, Ae
U. wt mm tlirtatiHiwe toot assailed.
aatd w law it is tin opinion of oce of
xntMt fiwnaer.
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4aaaaa 1W ffM JaV BMir aaWv taaaat aa-
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r- liwmaai aaaaa fcc iw pml aa) Mflll a bmlthv
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ataiaaiiMi aaii mm Wm hr Jaaiaiaa fcajuli. is
Ol'll I lllllln I tmHliaJ r
I I lB illlaV aaflbfM Baarr. ato Mtaanla
aiaa1 wiaiil' aataa - -T 1 maw lifrm
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aarfr.ji.tl J II ML WI aaanalaa
71 riTfiUI !!" 'lU lalrfaaaaCaB
Iiiwi!b3bShiT aTirif awt 'lalZiiafT
a taart.l naTn, M( ulfB
4 -wl IM aaaaafVC. taaaaaltn MNarrt at
W war a hi lata aa. Mrw. arrawlf. Aiialll
. i a ab I I ill, aau adUM
ar a btta-i aaaac f OWBaML lttalo
llil am.1. mm aiai tmmtf C ncaro-
aj antaara aav mmi CMtatMrtaUaa to
na-tiaar i HantnOW lihgilioa
rt tad fcaa . Utnmmh mm.-
' taHi-aiiaC i llil oa Hi ul kjr tb
Tmm itamt m time aMSb an. mmmmOj pn-
: attr br 8m Xae tlat
r as 2
Tat 'liiaii r4u4i hare 1-t'Il Car
tW oilvam the PrMnk- and Jlinis
ur Pui p i if hTc cotw to nothing, so at
imml tlM- vrB intonwd mi Tbe United
5mb GowrnMrtjUj-j IdDdly diqioscd
to Httl Hnui lit tmdnQUUollj Jl ont
h. rnnrjL and tbr nun man vrbo
noir nd tb k4ini-i o: ustnui lias
as aa&mMdIv rela?t ue proioca
rt amitv. Thr imt time that the
XMt -Stav tisti a Special Commissioner
iravkaM of faamf; IB Ute peMeliu manner
Mr iiWiaaw. be bmt arrive with aens
iaxat at in beels and may t-lieal: in a verr
nt tone of race It is plain uiai
iniitiitinnr bare liees eminenllj
fwm-x had tbev lieen othenviso
rhm wjnM ban- een no neoeitT (or
iitmilil tfae mmtUx ImcL to 'Waebington.
lUs tbee - tbe tiosition. at the very
ttaor Hawaii i- addnf; for special privileges
fJVJ W t Ultai wn. uiv vown v
rwtUiT tbe llvouer. for W is tbe Cabinet.
hM Mrberatelv Sontl tbe Cnited States.
I tb bkeJj to iocreai-e tbe amicable feel
img l4ra-xi tbe two conn trie?' IsitliVely
to an iet Hawaii in oUaininc what i-Le
ie fact i the l'renuer lias uoen
Irll'imr; vritb ftre, and be will bum not
tbr aiiwTr of all in Ute community It is
tme innteetl Utat lie lie remoTeu irom
dmixur bi tro rears leasee of liower
r bat; 4mie nothinf; Imt injure tbe pros
tarn. Jaunt' the credit andactnallv uiate
taw time ot liawaii
kindly deeds, theds a ray of light nponj
the darkness of constant and ccaseles ac
tivitv. The hardest of ns lite to jiansc a
moment, to rest on the Tray and giTO free
Sir to feelings wnicn lie aormini jut
ik, all tho rest of the rear. Thephonhl
not lie dormant though: wc thonld try and
ret an inspiration from the season -which
will last longer than a day, 'which should
color our character for the rear. Christ
mas shonld teach ns to bo moro charitable
end kindly than we often are; charitable
in our estimate of others, kindly and len
ient towards their faults.
W'e must not forget, too, tho poor and
those in trouble. Honolulu however, has
always leen land in this direction, the
purses of her citizens have been opened
generously for such purposes, anditseems
to us. on this, more generously than on
any previous Christmas Tide. Whoso
heart can remain hard and callous when
the Christmas Hymns are ringing in the
ears and the merry prattle and childish
laughter is haunting the memory: At
such times the purest founts of feeling arc
touched, well up and bubble over.
lint enougn 01 moraiiziu. im
ness of the editor is not to moralize, but to
wish his readers, on behalf of his ttaff
and himself tho compliments of tho season.
This is heartily done. The Gizettt wishes
a Merry Christmas and n Happy New Year
to all its friends, and trusts that they have
followed tho good advice of old Thomas
Tusscr, who sang:
At Chnamai play, ana make cooa unti,
For Chr1'""" ccraes bat once a veor.
A Meret Cmetsthas to All!
It wa ratber amusing to hear the line
of assronvpst taken np by tbe new Altar
mwm RMirnL tbe other day in the trovem-
MM bowl cane. He tried to twist the
wauls of tbe loan Art into an entirely new
tight. He ttrovf to irrove that fwrwasnot
to l"- f1r- tajii Mime uuciuauii
id tbe will of tbe covernment. and
ruMrl States sob! or its equivalent"
I our to tbe j laying ani not to me
of tbetawds.
Of conr-tbe Attorney Oeneral is but a
new comer amonirt us. a nmr Aen.
ta Uje old Itotnan acceptauon 01 uie eaten
word, and be cannot lie expected to know
all tbe i&s and outs of tbe measures jased
bait IHlatiLre. Had lie been here, how
aaar. be wottki never have followed 11
twaneof argument, which caused a very
iaroad hlnile to paea oer the faces of all
ifcoae wbn know anyiUog ftlout the loan
Tir anlTb of tbe oiHMtion were
yny particular about that phniM- -m far.
mmi dpv tanired a tery grim smile when
tbe llw&e which was in a large measure
ta tbe lVetmerV train slied over the
wvtras It was well known that in that
1 laiH nbrae tbetv would be a iiowerful
kti- It was always a matter of surprise
to tfeo-e. who gave tbe matter thought,
that a man who arrogated to himself so
ach amraiai as oar jiment ex Mormon
Vnaaici, JaSowlil have left such a stumbling
bioek ia bis way.
Now bad tie new Attorney-General
known tkk. of course he would not have
argued as be did. It may be perhaps a
Mtisfactiofi to him to know that that writ
of linn it am 11 whioh be characterised as a
nxme miatly Fprtug. was a mine two
nan old : ft was a weapon that had been
torjeed long before be landexl in the
Tur rt-untrv has been anxiously await
iv tbe tncsin of war to lie sounded. It is
a ifcarftd thing to write, nevertheless it is
a facttLat Hawaii has been slighted Those
JiratiaTrr colonial fellows in siite of the
.Vernier's rmurcer. ami in face of the fact
that His Hawaiian Majesty's. Commission
t arc disporting tbenMlv in gorgeous
toettaae lefore tbe eye, of the w simple
ami ignorant twofJe" of tbe South Pacific
In qute of this we say. the colonials
batv decided un tbe annexation of New
(rvunea and other islands, ami have Inr
tbrr tannnlateil tbe doctrine that it is the
diLiar of Aatraba to rule the South I'a
cifcr This land of thine cannot le lxrne.
X war la-uclauw!. Jet us have out the
MTaiar army of 51 full privates : let those
grntt strategisui Iirs. lloapui lister ami
Kmhaaka at once lav out a plan of cam
latani- let tbe J'fU be at once cleared for
action: M tbe celeiiratnl "broom stick'
brigad It pat on a war footing, call for
mrnru from all the imniary schools from
Hawaai to Xiihau; let tbe sound of war
be avfratot: 1 beard in the land, let
oar many Cokmels and Majors lie at once
raised to the rank of Marshals anil lien
end and there is little doubt but that the
Australian l'olunit4s will beat their breasts
and cry Vrnvriraf, we have sinned griev
oadv. Mre ns! si tare us' oh. creat 11a
waii; uisaant ex-Slormon lremier! we
win never aaninsttght your winged words:
wbat cimMisation can we make Great
and (rood Kan come and sbajm our desti
nies as you wish " Was it a whisper in
tlie air as know not what it was. but a
faint iaugb seemed to diffuse itself over
the sanrlnm as tbe aihove was penned, and
in vary aawiartaVable Colonial accent was
irouoaBcel tbe one word AValker! now
what imm w afker meant
aarnaii, a tiaa mi mmma euaaa.ai
aatKaWBaia. kaa taaai nmil mm liiml la
am In .imp mt a- Vmsmmm -vtaak faaa an
i aid ill W uuiiaa tmia 1 mmi mi mm timme
mim aaitii niaallii 1 1 111 alii Tatllii alrt lal
aH.uoaui at ta laMsaw. aaal knu- aaas
aaal uaV at MUti1r mc
aksacflaiaaw aaataaalaa XlvllBtf
ataaaatanakatlaimnt aaaL alum, a t
fti'H aa mm aiaiiaii ta awm atar AitWa.
baat rtaBtta. iatV dalaKIS. aaai mt tm
mmmm. mt Km aaaianal aadajaahai. TVaul ai.
'a nut mmm mtHm mmmm mmm ha. aad
n . Vtawl hf Hi. HajMr. aanwr
ctktaata 1 ajinaii mt IsK. ! mmm
Matar aal aMi aa bL famine a adm
ml mm iHUtSaa. mt aV 1 1 1111 III
M Hal a Jfaaaauraa' huMr W. mud he
eV w aaahrm t MVic haWaC
&rrrwmlT tWUli S- JUrrt.
I Kan; . anal aa part bar
uaiuau-ar aat iraai aa
Tt taaaialSaaan
htaMn mm mmm
IteHlti iiwaii mt m am
- lraj taalial ai aVt atoac aAuah tbr
At A
r atw K b t KS laid mf tmm
rv sfc h aa araa latL
taa liTlfciaL. anil II it ii I a, awl aa. and aurrBS
tjnr at mm mmm. mm. 1 raw mim namaai
ftwBr jaT5v, aaMHaaT-Wafivtt toBakB'1 atapafaaBTi4fit
Wlmmt ri. r. we a , t4iwc TtkU. tmr
TMowk-x i.t.wk Hat IwtlifT wiiiwi i lit ht okt-
k llWl ftllalll I HI ttm lalll I
IWaajaiiii'lt-liiiiaawiiiMi . TW
Ua. W 111 In. T.XV. Wjymm. mn.
, vaM B VImii.SL X.W. (w
m-C KM.
rmmM4 Him
fa JflUraobwatUftMt4Uit:
"TW Ovax rtxnct the luhdvndh Xland. tk
f Kaztc Kla. W titml tbe Slibiaij
lnnftii; t TcrtM, ItMij. rbm ha w cotac to
tmMtm tm ulacaa.m. Tbe f "Roar it w& to tw a
1 J iKifln-ii t ztxmxtz Buuo. bo iflvt
-VI3wnMa. Ivabaiw rxrtxii ad niUi laa
Uavmc scUrr for xLc lfait of tLa
Hwaaa Itf imU, I trau aay. faovcadlaiBUiat
tte Saaasoaa mwl RuhCt u not sane lck-
mam ebb zamr ajuc woa ttuud
C ta mJar tneSl "tbe na Mam-aBan.
mm m m
If " X UilHnllli yoattaiiala Met, Jicctot
K MV V-1 1iiii;m tMpttUjiEam ead.
E W Txasu.6m not -rile aVrr otrtaBSta
? 5JU laaiaa,lae aar Bap Baten. S m
"It shall lie lawful for tbe Minister of
Finance, ami lie is hereby authorized to
IwcbaM cold and silver bullion with anv
moneys which may from time to time be
in the Trrasary. and to cause to be coined
Uterefrom rold and surer coins, etc."
Tbesr are the words of the Act under
which the rresent Mini-try are authorized
to have Hawaiian xooncv coined Now it
seems very latent to tbe most casual reader
that tbe present Hawaiian Government
hate by no means oommied with the law.
A coin has been struck by a private party,
who undertake to furnish it to the Ha
waiian Kingdom in exchange for bonds
iieanng six per cent interest, the principal
ami interest being payable in United States
gold or its equivalent We find nothing
m tbe Art which authorized the coinage
of Hawaiian pieces which also authorizes
the pTverttment to give bwti in exchange
f'r the raeceii that are struck. The law is
explicit, - to twrebase sold and silver bul
boo with any moneys which may from
tiroe to time be in tbe Treasury." lias an
of bullion been purchased with
in tbe Treasury ' We think noL
On these matters there can be oulv one
roars, and that is the honest one. Things
which are wrong, are wrong, and tho sooner
wo are done with tbetn the better Jiecause
it is for the moment convenient to bolster
np an illegal act of the government, does
any one (appose that the inevitable retn
taxUuti will not coroe? As a fact Hawaii is
snneruur from mmin . Comnromise in
Try few cases serve its ends; as a rule it
is a lamentable failure. The spirit of
oanprt'tuise with wrong, the spirit of com
raronue with dirbocesty is abroad and the
sooner it is thrust from our councils the
better for ourselves. The law allows us
til have a coinave. but it exiiresslv states
bow that coinage is to be obtained. If
that coin is obtained in any other way it
is nut obtained with the sanction of the
law and if the law is disobeyed by the
(abinet in this instance it can very casilv
Iv so in other instances; a precident for
law iareaking is established. It is far bet
tcr to r-nffer a little under the law than to
gain et .t so great an advantage without it-
As tlx- world turned round yesterday
and as day broke upon the various coun
tries of the globe, a prolonged chorus of
til! from many tailhonsof childish lips
Bast nave uroxen the stillness of the mom-
It was Christmas dav! That dav which
as so dear to the hearts of all of us. That
day when we all do our best to be iovfnl
oarselves and above all to give jov to
others. How many a silly feud has Leon
healed by the genial infinence of the
Christmas season. How many a family.
long separated has neon reunited on Chnst
mas day.
Yes! Christmas Tide is a blessing to the
world. This work a-dav world of the Nine
teenth Century allows very little time for
dreaming, it is all hurry and rush, steam
Iwats. railways and telephones. Tho kind
lines? of a less active civilization it apt to
ue ciio&eu try me uesire xor txur. on.;
Cut Christmas with its memories of child
hood: Christmas, with its present zrcnera
xioa of happy chUdren looking forward to
the great day. tlo-e children in whom we
all renew our yonth: Christmas with its
hallowed services; Christmas, with its
xcirth and merriment; Christmas, with its
To l.se the Kecinrocitv Treaty seems
rather a high figure to pay for having had
an cx Mormon adventurer at tho head of
our affairs for nearly two years, and yet it
seems as if wo are going to pay that very
heavy price for the very inferior article we
have nau.
Tn some resneets tho news from ash-
n4wt i rreissnrinir: the narairraph in tho
President's Message, the remarks of tho
Secretary Folger, and last but not least, is
the news received from reliable soures
that speaker Carlisle will probably not go
back on us- He is said to abjure tho re
duction of the sugar duty except as tho
last item of tariff to comc"under revision
and he has never placed as an enemy 01
onr treatv. A personal friend of Mr. Car
lisle informs us that tho new speaker uas
no antipathies to the treaty and that in
making up the Standing Committees ho
will give us a chance. The administration
is fully committed to tno continuance 01
the treaty, and has publicly expressed its
belief that the terms have been carried
out honestly and in good faith. Perry
Belmont. Blount & Co- will, after this ad
mission, will not have much of a leg to
stand on. So far. so good.
The above fad are certainly hopeful,
and had no untoward accident happened,
had om- Slinistrv shown tho barest com
mon sense, there is little doubt but what
the treaty would have been safe enongh.
but the ei-Mormon must thrust his finger
in and m addition to follies innumerable
he has done pretty effectually by bringm;
down on us tho enmity of the Pacific Mai
Company. The 1'. C. X of Monday showed
how lngnteneu uia auinei wus. iliiu
mo! it f ntal mistake, nav more a criminal
mistake, and its organ was whining about
misunderstanding. There was no misun
derstanding, to prop his own tottering
fiower me ex-jiormon ueuueraiviy mm
blow to our treaty.
The King must sec cannot help seeing
into what straits this unscrupulous, evil
counselling, characterless man has brought
this nation. Is it not time he was dis
missed' The country is crying for his
removal; if his removal comes not soon, it
will mean that Hawaii is a lost country, if
she is not that now. Give ns irood men
and we may, by great exertions weather
tuo hurricane, hut with the present nuinin
istrators we will become shortly a total
The loss of tho treaty means ruin to
many people who aro now in fairly afflu
ent circumstances; it means great trouble
with, and probably riots among our lauor
imr classes: it means an enormous shrink
age in the revenue of the country: and we
calmly sit and allow this impostor, this
charlatan, the cx-Bnccaneer of the Javan
Seas to inirdo awav our wealth and pros
penty. hy is not a summary cnupuiioau
When a government organ lays down
6ucu a proposition as uiai in iue
of the 18th inst viz: " that if tho Consti
tution of this country gives tho Judges of
tho Supreme Court any power to call in
question the acts of His Majesty in Cabi
net Council, tho sooner it is amended the
better for everybody," it becomes indeed
a question moro important to the country
than the sale of bonds:
The l"rcmier and his amanuensis of the
Jdrwfiw need some enlightenment onsev
era! subjects. First, what is tho relation
ship between a king and the officers of
JUSUCO 111 UlUUllUUlll, piO-t-UUJJUilLl MiUJ
tho Judges of tho Supremo Court. lJlack-
stone tells us: "As a King cannot misuse
, . i . i v -t
nis power wunoui uie auvicu ui etii coun
sellors, and the assistance of wicked Min
isters, these men may bo examined and
punished. Tho Constitution has therefore,
provided, by means of indictment, and
parliamentary impeachment, that no man
shall dare to assist tho crown in contra
diction to tho laws of tho land." Again.
in reference to tho relationship of a king
to the justice of the country, the same an
thoritysays: "By the fountains of justico
the law does not mean tho author or origi
nal, but only tho distributor. Justico is
not derived from tho kinsr as his frco cif t
Imt bo ?s llm slewnnl nf tho trablie. in dis
pense it to whom it is due. ilo is, not the
spring but the reservoir. the original
power of judicature, by tho fundamental
principles oi society, is luugwiui iub ht
etv at larire."
Having seen how tho letter and spirit of
the law provido for tho respective positions
and powers of the king and judges, it may
bo well to cite a few instances from tho
history of a Constitutional Monarchy, to
show how these have been carried out
In the reisn of Charles I. a country
gentleman, John Hampden, refused to pay
a tax which ho believed to be illegal, tho
King, autocrat as ho was, or strove to be,
had resource to the Courts of law. Of tho
twelve iudires. who then held their posts
during the royal pleasure, five pronounced
in his favor, leaving the scantiest possible
majority in favor of the Crown, and of this
says Clarendon, " tho judgment proved of
moro advantage, and credit to tho gentle
man condemned than to tho king's sevice."
Here, however unrighteously, tho judges
decided between King or Ministers and
When James II. as autocratic m intent.
as his father, endeavored to pnt down tho
Protestant Church of England, and sent
to tho Tower seven bishops who had pre
sented a respectful petition which ho chose
to prosecute as a libel, he was obliged to
act according to law which put tho ques
tion in the hands of a jury- by whom the
prisoners were acquitted and released, and
the cheers which arose on the pronoun
ciation of tho words Not Gciltt, were
first heard by James from the camp which
he had established a few miles out of Lon
don for the express purpose of overawing
public opinion in tho capital city.
In this case a tyrant tried, but failed to
make the law his tool.
In the reiim of Georiro III. a membe
of the House of Commons. John Wilkes
was arrested by general warrant for libel
at the instanco of Georcc Granville then
at the head of the mlministration. Wilkes
was sent to tho Tower, his papers were
seizeu, nau corxieu to mu i-i.w ui
State. Hero then was a private individual
against the law officers of the Crown set
in motion bv tho First Minister of the
Crown. What was the result f Tho arrest
was pronounced unlawful by tho Court of
ixuninon neas ana tne prisoner was tus
charged. Nor was this all, Wilkes instituted
an action for the seizure of his papers.
against the Vndcr Seerrtary tf Sttitr. The
jury gavo him a thousand pounds dam
aires. How does this aerce with tho Min
isterial irroqwnsibility propounded by the
Aittrttttrf Indeed the V ilkes episode bore
fruit more important still. It hastened
the downfall of tho Grenyillo Ministry, and
among the first acts of its successors was
tho passago of a Resolution by tho House
ot uommons condemning tne use ot gen
eral warrants, and the seizure of papers in
cases of libel.
To tho plea of tho Adirrturr that the
King and tho Ministry are the elected of
the people, and that, they are thus the
embodiment of tho will, or tho wishes of
of the people, itTcquires no great effort of
memory to take ns back to the time when
the forces of foreign men-of-war were all
that stood between the electors nnd the
elected. The Mttrtim alone is responsi
ble for reference to this deplorable page
in Hawaiian history .
The new theory seems to be that Minis
ters are to be taken to task, reminded of
lheir dnlies. or in case of noclirxnco v
partiality, commanded to do their dntvfl
or the House oi iiepresentauves nion. -i
and that a Minister wantonly or wilfut
eglecting his duties, or porverting--'
powers to an em eno, may not do uaa
answerable even to tho highest Court of
Justice, or that private individuals reason
ably apprehending injury from tho action
or non-action of Ministers, may not appeal
to the Courts of Justico for protection
from such iniury inflicted, or with good
causo feared. Then What must result?
Simply this, that all evils actual or impend
ing must bo submitted to in silent help
lessness till the next session of tho Legis
lature, nnd then tate tho verdict ol a body
of men, tho vast majority of whom aro
uepenaent on uie jiiuuuy, as iu itiietuu
their wrongs arc to be righted, their fears
allayed, or whether wrongdoing in high
places is to go on unchecked for another
two years, with every probability of a like
result being again reached.
lict us suppose a case- -a not impossi
ble case. The Legislature has met, has
transferred power, say from tho Judiciary
to the Executive, has voted ample sums of
money for all purposes, necessary and tho
reverse, has entrusted to the Crown largo
borrowinir powers, and is then prorojmed.
The Representatives go home and enjoy,
each his salaried post Tho Ministers aro
to fear no check for a year and a half nt
least Suppose tho King to bo advised to
rnlo with three Ministers instead ol four,
or with two, or with ono and a dummy or
two! The Adartittr tolls us that this may
and must continue till the next session and
that then nothing but an impeachment
can touch tho moot iniquitous Ministry
that ever wrought evil in a conntry which
has been tausrht to consider itself as liber
ally and constitutionally governed. This
case here supposed is by no moans beyond
the sphere ot possibilities.
rm i- . l . , r
x uc nitemauvo proviucu lor us, seems
to be on tho ono hancl,present evils checked
by present remedies, to bo lound in our
Courts of Justice; or on tho other hand
accumulated evils terminated if possiulo
by the most unusual, cumbersome, an!
difficult of all forms of justice, an inrpeach
ment, and that too, when tho mischief is
already ureparable.
ihe position ol tho covernmont organ
is untenable, justico to be justico must lie
easily accessible and immediate in its ac
tion. Thcro is very little satisfaction in
impeaching a Minister after ho has rntned
tho conntry.
The Currency Qattion-Sonnd Logic.
The enrrenev ancslion is arain Lroncht nromi-
nentl before thenublic and underTerr remark
able cirecm&Unees, Circntnstanoea vhich impose
upon the whole community the necessity ILat tbey
shooia now if ever, decide what thej axe coidr
to do about it."
The Saturday I'm but ncek had some concise,
well written and cautiously prepared articles oa
the subject, and which eeetned fairly to represent
tbe views of those, who believe that it t practic
able, not only to maintain tbe standard of oar
currency cp t" that of tbe United States, bat who
also belteTe, that we can keep in circulation sof
ficient silver coin for the wants of commerce, ot
tbe same intrinsic valae as that of United States
silver, and that we can keep United States cold
coin tn circolation at tbe same time at its par
If 1 nndsrutand the views of the SatHnU Pmi
aright, and I shall be clad to be corrected if 1 do
not. all that is necessary to effect this as lam
ready to admit very desirable object, is to alter
toe present law so as to reuace me amount ot su
ver coin which shall be legal tender to fire dollars.
and for the merchants to acree anions themsehes
to enforce tne law in tneir par-meats amonc each
other, bnt whieh tbey hare so far found inconven
ient to do, as the law stands, and br mutual con
sent bare cuen up tne attempt.
It seems very doubtful whether tbe alteration of
the law would make it any easier to enforce cold
payments amongst each other, or even if the large
merchants did that, whether we should hare a
true United States gold circulation. It is true that
the merchants and bankers would go to the ex
pense ot importing more pom lor their own pur
poses, but baring gone to that eipense, woold thei
let it go out freely amongst tbe community anc
without charging n premiom on it, knowing, as
they do. that it would he picked np and sent to
China just about as fast as in tbe ordinary course
of business it would come into circulation r
It is known that daring the last eighteen months
about one million dollars werth of KnelsJi sov
ereigns have been brought into this Kingdom and
put into circulation ; an amooat not far under tho
whole of our estimated surer circulation. Where
are those sorereigns now r It is Uhcved that at
least three-fourths ot them bare cone to China.
where they are worth considerably more than $.1
Ol any oiunr cnnrci uitii couh.
It has been estimated that the Chinese send
crery year from this to China about one million
diillars in gold coin, and, if we co-isider that this
would only be about a dollar a week saved from
tbe earnings of :,(M0 Chinese, it seems a reasona
ble estimate. This would readily account for tho
disappearance from circulation of the million dol
lars worth of sovereigns, as well as of all the stray
U. S. gold coins which they could pickup at par,
and what they could buy at a premium. Bat U. S.
gold coins are worth two and one-half tier cent.
!: ... it.. i vnni:i. :
so that there can be no manner of doubt that the
Chinese would collect and send away in each rear
an amount of U. tj. gold ooln equal to tbe whole
amount which would be necessary for the goU
circulation ol the country, 11 it would stay here.
This means that, with gold coin in ceberal cir
culation, in order to keep up the protcr amount,
somcbodr would hare to keen continuallr imnort.
ing gold coin at a considerable expense in order
that somebody else should send it away at par.
I hare looked caret ally orer the article in tbe
Kirni-ifee YW. on "The Gold Standard" to find
oat who is to keep constantly bringing this gc,d.
It says: "flat where is there a planter's agent
wno under tne smuts 70 is wining to rore
go bis profit on tho exchange he sells to tbe bank,
or to pnraU, buyers? n In other words, it is not
a benent to merchants and planter's agents 10 im
port gold at an expense to themselves and let it go
out amongst the community who wdl immediately
use it to beat down their profits on exchange by
sending the coin to San Francisco, or threatening
to do so.
Tbe SaiKnlaif rm sees nil this as clear as the
day. And now, wbat remedy does he proso&e?
ThiJ is the proposed remedy for he immediately
goes on to ay: "Fortunately for this community
there are several interested persons willing to fore
go this profit for tho common good honing to
prosper more by tbe general prosperity than by the
existing methods in which their proms are at the
expense of tbe plantaUons they represent and of
lue L-cocnu uuuuc
It is hardly worth bringing forward arguments
to show tnat a commercial or unanaai system,
whieh relies for its success upon any class of mer-
in an important transactions, the Hawaiian surer
will onlr rose for what It mar d worm in
gold, just as the greenbacks did in California.
tail ti aadrrtlnra hare enterM lute ptrtntr
Jo a Graeru Batlnm Astnit ta noaolBla, II. i
id that their bntnr fafmrtrr will be rcmdaclnl
aadft the firm name of WISEMAN ASnLET.
j. k. n isk-ia.-t,
Tin: xi:w vi km takk rai
JL rieaBre la rutins to the r.oln ConmunUy
and Ihe rnblie (ieneralir. tail iney bare nura up
ono of tbe Elfjant Oronnd i'loor' Id the
On Merchant Street Honolnl,
Wbetc Ihej -.lit eondtict their Caloe hfrfar.fr, and
be moft happy to -re their patrona and frifndi. feeliK
asturrd ttuttftll bnlne transaction will be conducted
fcy them In every particular to tbe bett of their ability.
a&u 011 iae moi rraunauie un.
caiitile men whaterer. honJnc to prosper more br
tbe peunl prosperity" than by nal Ing a large
uireci una iAiac.u.e proni, is ensoana. ine irutn
is, the article reasoned alone very nioely to the
point where we all stick, that lit, who is toco to
tne expense oi coaunaany bringing poij 10 put it
into renerai circulation at icss man it costs tncm.
to bo immediately picked tip and ent out of the
country. Is it not unreasonable to rely for th