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EST MODUS IN REBUS.
JANUARY 1, 1889.
WHERE IS. HENRY M. STANLEY ?
News from the heroic explorer is still
waited for. Now that his lot is so closely
linked with that of the brave and
faithful Emin Pasha, Germany and England,
as well as America, wait for intelligence
with an anxious interest, unequalled
since Gordon's fate hung on
belated expedition to Khartoum.
Stanley left Yambuya, his last camp on
the Congo navigation, on the 28th of
June, 1S87. He had to traverse an unknown
region to Wadelai on lake Albert
Nyanza. This was five hundred miles
distant in a straight line. The last word
from him was dated Jnly 19th, three
weeks later. For seventeen months the
outer world has had no word from him.
But neither las any intelligence come
from Emin since November 2d; 1887.
The depths of the Dark Continent are
not given to transmitting intelligence.
Sir Samuel Baker was not heard from
for twenty-nine months, and he had
four steamers with him on the Nile
Two uncertain reports had transpired,
however. The latest and most definite
was by Arab traders who are said to
have encountered Stanley's rearguard
in November, 1887, some two hundred
and twenty miles west of Wadelai. He
"was said to have two hundred and fifty
men remaining out of the four hundred
with which he, started from Yambuya,
and to be confident of getting through
in a short time. The other report came
by way of Khartoum on the Nile. A
" White Pasha " was known by general
report throughout the NJle basin, to be
fighting his way down the Bahr-el-Gazal.
Nearly all the best authorities agree in
the belief that such a report could arise
from nothing else than the progress of
Stanley's powerful force through the interior.
The name "White Pasha" would
the more naturally be given to the commander
of fifty white men.
In the December number of the North
American- Review, is a symposium of
four articles upon Stanley's whereabouts,
written by Lord Wolseley and three
other specialists upon African matters.
They show a remarkable coincidence of
opinion. Thoy all agree that Stanley is
the "White Pasha"; all think that he
probably joined hands with Emin early
in the present year, and all consider his
return and communications to be
impeded. He must lack force and
means for returning over the" difficult
Congo route. The Dervish power on the
Nile route must be too formidable for
anyattack in which Emin and Stanley
can unite. The remaining route to the
Eastern coast has for a year been
blocked by hostile tribes, and lately the
whole interior of that coast has broken
into violent hostilities in consequence of
There appears therefore to be cause for
almost as much anxiety as to how Stanley
is to emerge from the interior, as
even to -learn how ho fared in reaching
Emin. The latter, resolute chief of the
Soudan that he is, repels all thought of
forsaking his post. Stanley is rich in
experience and resource. Unless his
rare skill and courage now fail to bring
. his wonted good fortune, we shall in due
time hail his reappearance with a fresh
chapter of great adventures hardly surpassed
by his immortal transit down the
Since the above was written, the Ma
riposa brings an apparently reliable report
that Emiu has been defeated and
made captive by the Mahdi, and with
him a traveler who is probably Stanley.
The latter would, of course, have stood
by Emin, and have shared his fate. The
calamitous condition of those two heroes,
appeals loudly to the Christian nations
for succor. What can be done for them,
and what will be done, are questions for
whose answer we must anxiously wait.
HOME RULE HERE AND ELSEWHERE.
Home rule has of late years been a
familiar term to all readers of tbe public
prints wherever the English language is
known. The "home rule" movement
inaugurated by Mr. Gladstone and others
has made the politics of the British
Islands almost revolutionary. With the
merits of the question we have nothing
now to do. The big heads of the empire
on which the sun never sets will doubtless
arrive at a satisfactory solution of
the problem in the course of time. The
question is interesting to us only in so
far as it shows some of the results of free
popular discussion. "Whatever comes
out of the movement, good or bad, must
be credited to the full and exhaustive
and often acrimonious discussion to
which its every detail has been subjected.
Another feature of the contest, worth
noting, is the terrible ordeal of vituperation
and abuse to which the leaders on
both sides have had to submit. Public
men have certainly been handled with
more merciless abuse than thev have
experienced in the discussion of any
other public question for many years. It
is really matter of wonder that English
statesmen, honored and admired by the
people heretofore,, have not become disgusted
with the wranglings of the political
arena and left home rule and every
other kind of rule to adjust themselves
as best- they can. The epidermis of an
English parliamentarian is evidently
composed of very tough fibre. The compensation
of members of Parliament in
England is nil as regards the dross after
which other men are usually in eager
pursuit. They are supposed to take their
pay xut in honor, a currency in which
the dear public often rewards them after
a curious fashion.
Public life in Great Britain is not a
bed ot roses. Nor does it seem to be a
place of very sweet repose in the Hawaiian
Islands. We, too, have had our
home rule agitation. Man for 'man it
has been to us a struggle as intensely interesting
as it is to the subjects of the sea
girt realm of the other hemisphere. We
are smaller in dimensions and numbers
than they, but we think great thoughts.
Our home rule was keenly debated in
the legislature and'out of it years before
the "grand old man" of English politics
launched his scheme. The question
with us is settled. We have secured, at
least on paper, what we proposed to ourselves
as a panacea for all our political
ills a free, independent and representative
legislative body and a Ministry responsible
to the representatives of the
people, and not to the King. As in
England, our public men have been and
are still subjected to the fiery ordeal of
merciless criticism and reckless abuse.
If certain well known aspirants have
their way a terrible fate awaits our
Nobles and Representatives in 1890.
Whether they are to be beheaded, flayed
alive or denuded and consigned to the
mosquitos does not seem to have been
definitely settled as 3'et. It is to be
hopeU that the gentlemen in charge of
the arrangements will give their victims
some intimation of the fate in store for
them. This is a privilege not denied
even the criminal when he is turned
over to the executioner. If there is to be
a slaughter, it would be no more than
the impulses of humanity call for, that
our public men be apprised of the particular
form of immolation by which their
career shall come to a close. But these
worthies whose dreams are full of
scalps hanging about their wigwams
in 1890 may wake up and find themselves
famous but disappointed on discovering
that electoral axes are sometimes forged
to cut both ways.
THAT ROAD UP PUNCHBOWL.
A good many of our citizens are disposed
to regard any expenditure for the
improvement of Punchbowl as an extravagance.
We regret to see that our
evening contemporary seems to join in
this view. We should like to unite with
him in what seems to us a measure of
enlightened public spirit, and to push for
an early expenditure of the $S,000 appropriated
by the Legislature for a driveway
to the summit. We know of no city
so peculiarly favored as Honolulu in the
possession of an elevated tract of some
three hundred acres right in its center,
which is impossible to utilize for business
or lor resiliences. iNature Jias consecrated
Punchbowl hill inviolably, to im
provement and adornment as a park for
the recreation and lefreshment of the
growing population whose streets and
dwellings are clustering far around its
base. The groves already climbing its
rugged buttresses foretell the forest
wealth which is to adorn the network of.
paths yet to be cut over the whole of the
now naked rock slopes.
What both literally and metaphorically
lifts this high above all other city
parks, is the elevation of a large part of
its area from four to five hundred feet
above the city. People are so used to
seeing this wonderful hill in their midst
that they entirely overlook its capabilities.
No doubt a good many of our citizens
regard Punchbowl as a deformity
and a nuisance. They seem to think
that Nature committed a very troublesome
blunder some thousands of years
ago in ejecting such an unsightly pile of
brown cinders to render useless so large
a share of the valuable plains of Honolulu,
otherwise worth half a million, more
or less, for town lots. But this great elevation
of this area which forbids most of
us to frequent it as we would delight to
do, is also its chiefest attraction. One
there gets quite above this lower sphere
of strife and care. The atmosphere is a
new one, fresh, invigorating. The world
lies glorious at one's feet nay a veritable
new world of plain, glen, mountain,
green meau, blue ocean, bay and silver
strand a wide panorama of beauty and
magniticence, stretching into the dim
distance. By the ascent of Punchbowl,
one gains in a large measure that precious
boon of change of scene and clim
ate, which is the best medicine for worn
bodies and tired nerves. It certainly is
a gr?at thing that the possibility of making
so radical a change of air and scene
and one so invigorating, can easily be
put within the reach of the people of
Honolulu in a few minutes' drive. It is
now, to most persons, practically inaccessible.
Only those who least need it
are likely to face the rugged climb of five
hundred feet. The weary and feeble
who would be most benefited by the
cnange are ueoarrea. lo such especially,
the drive to that grand outlook will
be an inestimable benefit.
As a matter of financial economy, we
hold that the proper and efficient improvement
of Punchbowl should take rank
above that of any other park or similar
public improvement for the comfort of
the city. Such improvements add verv
largely to the value of real estate in their
vicinity. Good administration of the
public finances demands a reasonable
expenditure for such purposes, as well as
lor those of mere utilitv so-called.
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, TUbSDAY, JANUARY 1, 1889.
SUN FIRE OFFICE,
Insurance effected upon every description of
property at current rates of premium.
Total Snm Insured in 1S85 .
Claims arranged by tbe Local Agents, and paid
with promptitude and liberality. Tbe jurisdiction
of tbe Local Tribunals recognized.
CI. W. 3Iacfarlane & Co.
Agents for Hawaiian Islands.
ING RECENTLY IMPROVED
strengthened our construction of
2-Boller Mills, as also tbe slat feeding mechan
ism for same with very satisiaclory results, tve
are now prepared to contract for that class of
machinery at short notice. We bare patterns on
band for JOxCEin., 3txCGin., 3ixGiin., SOxCOin.,
SOxHin., SCxSlin. sizes of rollers, steel shafting
and steel gearing tbrougbout with any desired
type of engine, or they can be driven, from
engine in use on Mill, by compounding
tbe same, thereby economizing steam. Results
under equal, conditions guaranteed unsur
passed by any oiiiek construction or system of
J. X. S. WILLIAMS.
Agent Kisdon Iron and Locomotive Worts,
. San Francisco.
Just Received ex "J. C.
from GERMANY, a
Appliances for extracting the Sugar from
the dry cake by means of water.
SIZES OF PRESSES:
30 Chambers and 42 Chambers
These Presses have been in use at the
Kealia Plantation during the past
season, during which all the diffusion
juice was run through them with the
most satisfactory results.
jff"For sale at lowest prices by
J. N. S. WILLIAMS.
Iron and Locomotive Works,
Corner of Beal and Howard Streets,
San Francisco California
W. II. TAYLOR President
B. S.3IOORE Superintendent
Builders of Steam Machinery
In all its branches.
Steamboat, Steamship. Land Engines & Boilers,
High Pressure or Compound.
STEAM VESSELS of all kinds built complete,
with hulls ot wood, iron or composite.
ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when advisable.
STEAJI LAUNCHES, Barges and Steam Tugs constructed
with reference to tbe trade in which
they are to be employed. Speed, tonnage and
draft of water guaranteed.
SUGAR MILLS and Sugar Making Machinery
made after the most approved plans. Also, all
Boiler Iron Work conuected'tberewith.
WATER PIPE, of Boiler or Sheet Iron, of any
size, made in suitable lengths for connecting
together, or Sheets rolled, punched and packed
for shipment, ready to be riveted on the
HYDRAULIC RIVETING, Boiler Work and Water
Pipes made by this establishment, riveted bv
hydraulic riveting machinery, that quality of
work beins far superior to hand work.
SHIP WORK, Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam
Winches, Air and Circulating Pumns. made
after tbe most approved plans.
SOLE Agents and manufacturers for the Pacific
Coast of the Home Safety Boiler.
PUMPS Direct Acting Pumps for irrigation or
city works' purposes, built with the celebrated
Davy Valve Motion, superior to any other
J. S. William: Honolulu
Roam No. 3, upstairs, SpreckO Block.
Agent for the Hawn. Islands.
Of the Hackerbran Brewery Mnuchcn,
Double Extra Stout,
Bottled by M. B. Foster & Sons, London,
Ot Superior Qualities,
Of Benj. & Eng- Perrier, Chalons,
m FOR SALE BY
ED. HOrTSCBLAEGER & CO.
KIXG AND BETHEL STREETS.
HENRY MAY & CO.
HAVE JUST RECEIVED FROM
LONDON, BOSTON AND
A CHOICE ASSORTMENT OF
IN PART AS FOLLOWS :
Hnckin's Parker Home Soaps.
Boston and Clam Chowder,
llOfton Sau:ie Meat and Itakid Beans,
Boston Peeled Tomatoes .t Fine Dairy Salt.
Grosse & Blackwell's
MORTON'S GOODS !
Zante Currants, Sultana KaUin?, Pearl Barley,
Pearl Sago, Italian Maccaroni.and Vermicelli,
all put up iu Mb. tins.
Ground Rice, bemoliua, Medeir Chocolate,
Epps' Cocoa. Table Vinccar,
Extra Fine Buret Oil,
Assorted Jams and Jellies.
Copcland EnclUli Peas,
Fiench. Peas and Mushrooms,
Extra Sardinia, and U tins.
Metwurst and Truffled Liver Sausages,
Saidclls and Russian Sardines,
Epicure aud Bine Point Oysters. 1 and 3-lb. tins.
Humes Salmon. 1 and --lb. tins."
IX BARRELS AND HALF BARRELS.
Kits Salt Mackerel and Salmon Bellies,
Kci;s, J and K Uarrels Family Tork,
Choice Hams and Bacon,
New York and California Cheese.
Adam and Limlmri,' Cbucsc,
Oxford and Cambridge Sausage, J and --Mb. tins:
vicjiu ouusuut?. x iuiu tins.
Ham Sausage, '--lb. tins;
Corned Beef, Pigs' Feet, English Brawn,
Lunch Tongue. Or Tongues, Deviled Ham,
Potted Meats, Boned Chicken and Turkey,
Succotash, Green Corn, Green Peas,
Lima Beans, String Beans Asparagus,
Barataria Shrimps and Codfish Balls.
KEGS GILT-EDGE BUTTER
AND IN ROLLS.
Tupocan and Whitney's Butter, 2 and 3-lb, tins;
Boneless Codfish aud in Blocks,
French Prunes, in Glass and Boxes;
CallfoJilia Raisins, H boxes, new croi:
Breakfast Germ, Oat Flakes. White Oats,
Gcrmea, Cream Oats, and Cracked Wheat,
Oatmeal. Rye Flour and Meal, in 10-lb. bags;
Graham Flout, Small Hominy,
liuchuliest Flour, in 10-lb. bag";
Arena, Golden Gate, Crown, and Eldorado Flour,
in 50-lb. ba'S.
CONDIMENTS in Great Yariety
CjlUnruU Table Fruits,-
Californla Jams and Jellies,
(this Season's Packing.)
REFINED SUGARS :
CUBE, in 23 and 100-lb. Boxes;
GRANULATED, in 100-lb. Baps;
GRANULATED, in half and whole
Barrels and CO-lb. Boxes.
New Zealand and California Oats
Bran. Corn. Wheat. Cracked Corn,
Ground and Whole Barley, etc.
Blue Peas. White and Red Beans,
Lima and Horse Beans, etc.
"Foes a,n.ca. OaSo
H. J. NC"-TE, Proprietor.
Begs to announce to bis friend and the
public in general
That he has opened the above Sa
loon where first-class Refreshments
will be served from 3 a. m. till 10 p. m.,
under the immediate supervision of a Competent
Chff de Cvisire
THE FINEST GRADES OF
Cigars, Pipes and
lhosen by a personal selection froai Irs
manufactories, has been obtained, and
will be added to from time to time.
Oce of Brunswick Si Balke's .
Celebrated Billiard Tables
vcoonnectod with the establishment, where
erf nlf thecuecan participate. 123SSm
THE BABC0CK& WILCOX
"Water Tube Boiler,
Is superceding all other Steam Boilers
BECAUSE IT IS 3I0JIE
Economical of Fuel,
.Less Iiiablo to Explode,
Easier of Transportation
A2TD COSTS iNO JIORE ! !
03" Full description and prices can be obtained
by application to,
W. E. ROWELL, Honolulu.
90 1 SoleAcentHawaiian Islands
Old Dates of Planters' Monthly
Wanted for Binding.
OISID COPY EACH OF JUNE
and DECEMBER, 1332. One copy of
APRIL, I6S1. FiTe copies or JANUARY. 1883.
25 cents per copy will be paid for each of tbe
above dates at the
CASTLE & COOKE,
HARDWARE AND COMMISSION
LIFE, FIRE AND MARINE
INSURANCE AGENTS !
HONOLULU, H. 1.
MES. THOS. LACK,
SI Fort Street. Honolulu,
UtrOnTER AJTD DEALER S
Shot Guns, Rifles, Revolvers,
AND ALL KINDS OF FIRE ARSIS;
llj. lf.lnll!.nn.t.1f1.uia I1 1-li?a i n t al.A,
Brass and Paper Shot Shells, Powder, bhot aud
Caps, and all kinds of Sporting Goods, Etc.
AND DEALER IX
And Genuine Parts, Attachments, Oils
AGENT FOR THE IMPROVED
White and ,New Home Machine
THE WHITE AUTOMATIC MACHINE,
The New National and Peerless Hand Machine;
Seiviuty JIacliiuo and Hand Xeedies
of all kinds:
Clark's, ChadwicKs and Brook.' Machine Cotton
Barbour's Linen Thread.
IN ALL COLORS.
EST'Ha'vinc secured the services of a first-class
Gun and Locksmith and thoroOgh mechanic, I
am prepared to do all kinds of Repairs. Restocking,
browning and boring Gnus a specialty.
JSySewing Machines, Lock, Surgical, Nautical
and Surveying Instruments, cleaned aaf
repaired with quick dispatch.
GOOD WORK GUARANTEED.
Balls' Health Preserving Corsets,
Mme Demorest's Reliable Cut Paper Patterns.
Largest and Best Assortment of
Stamping: Patterns and .Materials
FOR ALL KINDS OF FANCY WORK.
JSLcssous given, and all orders
tiled. Islaud orders solicited
Chas. Gray & Co., & T. W. Rawlins
Engaged in the Manufacture of Soap, havo
consolidated and will hereafter carry
on the business under the
firm name of
Soap , Manufacturing Company
At the premises formerly occupied at Lcleo,
KINO STREET, HONOLULU.
BENSON, SMITH & CO.
JOBBING AND MANUFACTURING
a ruiL line or
AT THE LOWEST PRICES-
fl3 and 113 Fort Street
J. D. LANE'S
130 Fort St., near Hotel St.
Manufacturer of Monuments,
Headstones, Tombs, Tablet. Markle JIantela,
Washetand Tops, and Tlllas In Black
and White Marble
Of Every Description made to order at the
lowest possible rates. Xesnmrata asd Headstones
cleaned and reset.
9 Orders from the other Is lands
HAVE JUST RECEIVED PER
Per Steamers and other late am- !
vals, a large and completer-, I
Prints, Cottons, bleached and
Sheetings, Denims, Ticks, Stripes, &c.
A fine selection ot
Dress Goods in the Latest Styles
Also, Curtains, Mosquito Netting,
Woolen Goods of every description;
A complete line
Clothing, O. & U. Shirts, Shawls,
Blankets, Quilts, Towels, &c.
Handkerchiefs, Hosiery, Kibbons,
Hats, Umbrellas, Carpets, &c
Sealskin Traveling and Carriage
Rugs, &c Fancy Goods, Notions,
Cs. of Best English and Australian
BOOTS AND SHOES,
BAGS ANI) BAGGING
For every purpose;
Sail Twine and Filter-Press Clotb,
Cutlery, Stationery, Jewelry, f
Perfumery, Pipos, &c
LookingGlasses, &c -
Pianos, Herophones, Aristons,
Harmonicas, "&c, f
WRAPPING AND PRINTING
Paints and Oils, &c. -
Asphalt Roofing, Asbestos, v
Barrels and Kegs, Keg Shooks and
2 Baxter Engines, Steam Pumps,
Iron Filter Presses!
Sugar Coolers, Iron Bedsteads,
Galvanized Tubs and Buckets, '
Lanterns, Axes, Hammers, .
Tin Plates, Sheet Lead,
Sheet Zinc, Galv. Iron Sheets,
Galvanized Corrugated Iron & Ridging
Screws and Washors;
GALVANIZED FENCE WIRE,
Barbed Fence Wirp.
Yellow Metal, Comp. Nails, Iron
Fishplates, Bolts, Spikes,
Switches, Portable Rails,
Steel Sleepore, Portland Cement
Fire Bncks, Roof Slates, Boats, '
Baskets, Demijohns, Corks, &c.
Pie Fruits, Sauces, Cond. Milk
Carb. Soda, Vinegar, Biscuits, j.arter,
Candles, Rock Salt
Camphor, Safety Matches,
Castor Oil, Epsom Salts,
Hunyadi Janos, &c.
SGrna,nM ?'eaM Sets, Plates,
? WH' Tet Sets riwer Pots,
GLASSWARE: Tumblers, Wine
Glasses, Sample Bottles, &c.
Champagne, Port Wine, Sherryf
Bitters, Rheinwine, Clarets.
Cognac Brandy Whiskey, Rum,
G,1r3Do,?rkat. Porter, Alo,
Muller's Lagerbier, &c.
Harzer Sauerbrunnen, (Mineral '
.. , , . Water),
Alcohol m bbls. and demijohns, &c.
HAVANA CIGARS, '
American Smoking Tobacco, &c
HAWAIIAN SUGAR AND RICEJ
Golden Gate and Crown Flour,
Bread, Salmon, Cal. Produce; &c.
T For Sale on the most Liberal
lerms and at Lowest Prices by
H. HACKFELD & CO.
BILLIAED AM POOL TABLE
KAffTJFACTTJBIXG !C0. OT S.T.
iMroBTzns axo DrAtrBa is ;
BILIARD MATERIALS,- $ "i
m fost sr., Hojrotiu.
Sole Agent for Hawaiian Island.
1 ll J