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The Hawaiian gazette. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, March 17, 1891, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1891-03-17/ed-1/seq-2/

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10 TAGE ftITiO
TUESDAY
MARCH 17 1891
EXTRAORDINARY COLD WEATHER
HERE AND IN AMERICA
AND EUROPE
From the valuable table of aver
ago temperatures for each -week of
1890 prepared by Mr Y K Castlo
and printed in tbo Advertiser of
the 10th we find that the average
for the month of February in that
year was at C a ai GS1 at 1 P
72 and at 9 i OS J Compare
this with the observations recorded
by Mr Curtis J Lyons aud pub
lished in these columns on the Gth
inst At G a 3i on that day his
thermometer indicated 54 or
14 25 below the average at the
same hour for the same month last
3ear Mr T R Walker reading at
030 the day after Mr Lyons ob
servation was 47 other observers
have noted readings varying be
tween theso two while at Jjihue
Kauai three independent observers
though not exactly at the same
height above sea level give 44
15 and 40 as a minimum
These are undoubtedly the low
est temperatures ever registered at
so little elevation on these islands
and looking abroad wc find that
throughout the Northern Hemi
sphere the weather lias been ex
ceptionally severe
One singular feature in the
European winter is the great sev
erity throughout the South and the
comparative mildness in the North
Tue northwest part of Norway has
been positively warmer than Lon
don aud during the long frost
Biarritz in the south of France was
colder than Norwiry and for near
two months the thermometer stood
higher than in the north of Scot
land than in the south of England
Spain Italy and Greece have
been visited with winter weather
of unprecedented severity with
heavy snowstorms even Algiers
and Tunis on the south of the
Mediterranean have suffered
At Oxford a four in hand was
driven on the frozen Thames a
feat that has not been practicable
for thirty eight years
All across the Northern states
we hear of Hoods snowstorms
blizzards from New York to San
Francisco and on the 2lst of Feb
ruary the Signal Service officials
announced a cold wavo approach
ing and the thermometer it is ex
pected will fall to zero in Illinois
Wisconsin Iowa and Michigan At
8 A 31 on the 22d ult there were
recorded in Chicago 20 St Louis
2 Now York 10 and Winnipeg 8
degs minus
On the 18th of January New
York was visited by a blizzard
which wrecked all telegraph tele
phono and electric light wires above
ground and broke down the posts
leaving the city almost in darkness
aud without telegraphic commu
nication except by a fow surviving
wires indeed the condition of the
city was nearly as bad as during
the great storm of 18S0
It will not be until meteorologists
have summed up their observations
and curried out a
thorough com
parison that the natural causes of
this departure from the usual or
avorago weather conditions can be
sought and found but in tho pres
ent stage of systematic co operative
observations throughout the world
with tho constant comparisons and
exchange of scientific intelligence
rendered possiblo by the electric
telegraph no doubt in time the key
to this atmospheric disturbance
will bo discovered and another
step in advance towards the solu
tion of 6omo of tho great mysteries
of nature
Wo are indebted to the courtesy
of Mr C J Lyons of the Govern
ment Survey Department for a
i opy of his Report as Assistant in
Charge of Meteorology addressed
to tho Chief of tho Department tho
Hon W D Alexander on tho 24th
April 1890
In bis accompanying letter to tho
Surveyor General Mr Lyons mon
tions this Beport as prepared by
the especial direction of tho thon
iv ir
X
Minister of the Interior and tho
first of its kind and states that
Government Survey observations
extend back for a period of only
seven years for rainfall and about
ten for barometer etc neverthe
less Mr Ljons has tabulated the
observations of several gentlemen
dating back to Dr Uookc in 1837
aud S for rainfall and thermometer
and to 1S21 and 2 for thermometer
registered by the first American
Missionaries
Observations for rainfall Table
I are now registered at eight sta
tions in Oahu four in Maui six in
Hawaii and two in Kauai theso
two latter however are unfortun
ately too near to one another to
give any idea of the rainfall of tho
island except at Koloa Lihue
Table II gives 10 years observ
ed by Mr W W Hall and Table
III 13 years by Dr McKibbin
with average maximum and mini
mum Tables IY to X contain
valuable series of observations
tbcrmometrical days of Trade
wind cloudiness barometrical etc
Mr Ljons suggests and we
heartily endorse his suggestion
that permanent observers be sta
tioned one at the Crater House and
one at Hilo to record both meteor
ological and volcanic phenomena
for Hawaii so also one at Olinda
and one at Spreckelsville for Maui
A moderate outfit of instruments
would be probably all the outldy
required
CABLE TALK
Views of American Senators and
Others on the PaciGc Cable -
Senator Stanford of California said
I am emphatically in favor of the
cable We did the correct tiling when
we decided to have a cable from Cali
fornia to Uanaii for the iblands are go
ing to be especially important geogra
phical particles some of these days We
will realize that when our navy giows
Senator Allen of Washington uassat
ibfied wiih the cable legislation It is a
good thing said he Movements of
this kind are eminently proper and
should be encouraged Our Government
is on bolid ground as to the action it has
taken We are bound to prevent any
and all foreign powers from assuming
control of the islands near our coasts
The laying of this cable will be a good
thing for the Pacific Coast but in a
broader sense it will be a good thing for
the nation Commercial advancement
must soon follow
No one could be more strongly in fa
vor of cable communication between San
Francisco and Honolulu than I am
said ltepretentative Clunie It is a
matter of much importance in a local
and general sense It will help the in
dustries of San Francisco very mater
ially and opens up interestingly profit
able prospects for our merchants and
investors This cable will bind Hawaii
and the United States very closely to
gether and mutual interests will spring
up and bear pleasing fruit Many Ameri
cans will now I feel sure migrate to the
islands and it will be but a little while
before we practically control the king
dom
That Hawaiian cable said Senator
Mitchell of Oregon is going to be of
much advantage to us in a broad politi
cal sense although its commercial im
portance is no small affair By our
legislative action we have politically
established a protectorate over the
islands and those islands are going to be
valuable when our navy grows The
American population in Hawaii will
very naturally increase as a direct result
of cable communication because people
will no longer feel as though they were
cutting themselves off from the world
when they take up their residence in the
Hawaiian group
Senator Squire expressed himself on
the subject in a most enthusiastic manner
I believe in the cable said lie Ve
are growing very rapidly on the Pacific
Coast and we need new facilities Com
rnei daily we are now strong but our
growth unuer the new era will be wonder
ful The sugar interests of Hawaii and
the United States are closely intertwined
but this telegraphic communication will
bring us so near each other that no in
truder can bring about even a momentary
separation i am giau to see our
eminent exercise a liglitful and watchful
care over a weak brother
The commercial advantages of cable
connection with the Sandwich Islands is
very great said Senator Dolpli Pacific
Coast member of the Foreign Kelations
Commitlea Lookinjr at a map of the
Pacific ocean you will see that Honolulu
lies directly on the shortest line trom
San Francisco to Sydney Australia and
alto on the shortest line from Valparaiso
to Yokohama The importance of this
cable to the United States will be more
apparent before the Congressional pe
riod of fifteen years has expired than it
now is There is a great and constantly
increasing commerce between Pacific
Coast ports and the ports of China and
Japan With the completion of the
Nicaragua canal which seems probable
within seven or eight years there will
be an enormous increase of traffic and
then the advantages of the cable will be
more evident than now But the com
mercial advantage is not tho onlv thing
to be considered The Sandwich Islands
are the key to the naval supremacy of
the Pacific and the peoplo of tiie United
States will never under any adminis
tration be willing to see the Sandwich
Islands pass under tho dominion of any
foreign power The autonomy of the
islands must be preserved With cable
connection one naval vessel at the isl
ands would be able to do the work of
two or three without the aid of a cable
This is a noteworthy consideration but
it is not more so than the fact that this
line will ultimately extend to Australia
China and Japan
a i
A water gate burst on Bere
tania near Emma street Tuesday
t3k
an
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asr wvwie ifW wmrm
-
-Ass
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE TUESDAY MAKCH IT 191 J
CORRESPONDENCE adrrtttsraeats - DficrllSEffifMS l fl
- T - r Issl
Wo do not hold ourselves responsible for the
statements made or opinions expressed by onr
correspondents
South Winds and Trees
Mr Editor Tho recent continu
ous winds from the south and west
showed tho suitability of the Casu
arina eqiiisetifoha or ironwood for
tho beach while all other trees
havo a scorched appearance in
some cases as the algeroba being
killed back a years growth Even
the hau and cocoa palm show signs
of the salty blast from the ocean
Tho casuraina has thrived on it
and improved in appearance For
proof see the trees at the entrance
of Kapiolani Park Respectfully
yours Bar Harbor
Brain workers and all who have to
stand the severe mental strain conse
quent on intellectual employment find
Clements Tonic invaluable Hol
lister Co are the Agents for the
Islands
crn SUtorrtiscmnits
jSTOTIOJE
v
BUSINESS WILL BE ATTENDED
and Kuliuku Plantation drafts
cashed by Castle Cooke during my ab
aetice from the Kingdom
2712 13GG 3t J B CASTLE
IS UT I J K
Hawaiian Boll Telephone Company
AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF
stockholders held Feb 2i 1891 the
following officers of the Company were
elected lor the ensuing j ear
Godfrey Brown President and Treas
Cecil Brown Vice President
J F Brown Secretary
J Uas idy Genl Superintendent
H von Holt Auditor
Directors Jas Campbell W O Smith
JF Brown
Signed J F BBOWN
becretar H B Tel Co
2704 2w 1365 lm
UP TOWN
Book News and Stationery Store
PRANGS
ART STUDIES
In greaat variety
speciajg bajxgkain
Orders solicited for-
ENCYCLOPEDIA v BRITTAICA
With American Supplement
Comprising 30 quarto volumes a whole
library in itself price 55
tf Pronounced the greatest and best
lot of Books ever offered
THOS G THEUM
133G 131 y Pbopeietok
CHAS BREWER COS
Boston Line of Packets
IMPORTERS WILL PLEASE
take notice that tbe fine
BARK MARTHA DAVIS
Capt
Will be laid on the berth in Bostoa to leave
for this port on June 15 1891 if suffi
cient inducement offers
VFot further particulars apply to
79 1343 q C BREWER OO
iflPf
Pioneer Steam
CAM FACTORY and BAKERY
F HORN Practical Comectioner
Pastry Cook and Baker
No 71 Hotel St -
1343 79q
Telephone 74
W1I G IRWIN t GUI
Limited
WmG Ikwik - President and Manager
Claus Speeckels - - Vice President
Walteb M Giffaed
Secretary and Treasurer
Theo C Pokteb
- - - Auditor
Sugar Factors and Commission Agents
AQESTS OF THE
OCEANIC STEAMSHIP CO
Of San Francisco Cal
Wm G Irwin Co Limited has
assumed the assets and liabilities of the
late firm of Wm G Irwin Co and will
continue the general business formerly
earned on bv that house 13t 4i l3 q
FOR
AT
A p
JSAXjES
POHOIKI SAW AMrT
Puna Hawaii abnnt 9 1 VYinht t n mi
Vi r 57 - a -ilea
Zt liKHMS incse aro the very
things to pat on curves on plantation rati roads
a iba 8unes do not loosen lu ihig tlmbsr Cau
be sold cheap r UYCRiiTT
Poholkl ana Hawaii laeff
THE ADVERTISER IS THE
leading daily paper of the Kingckw
- - -
EEAD THIS
JUST RECEIVED and FORSALE CHEAP l H
g B Mt - flap -- - IB
Galvanized Ridging
Galv Screws and Lead Washers
Plain Galvanized Iron
Sheet Lead -beet Zinc
Boxes of Tin
Galvanized WATER PTPPitt
1 13s and 2 inch
Pipe Fittings
HAIR FELTING and Asbestos Sponge
for covering steam pipe3
Rubber Packing all kinds
BLACK FENCE WIRE
Galvaqized Fence Wire
Galvanized and Copper Telephone Wire
Genuine Bell Telephones
Electric House Bells and
ELECTEICAL SUPPLIES
SFElecthic Light Plutts of any
size and description furnished and in
stalled
SHIP CHANDLERY
Bbls Coal Tar
Bbls Stockholm Tar
Bbls Pitch Asphaltum
Blocks in great variety
Manila Rope to 7 inch
Iron and Meel Wiie Rope
Iron Seizing assorted
Yellow Metal Sheathing 14 ot to 2G oz
Oakum Oars all sizes
Patent Logs
Nautical Almanacs
Bunting assorted colors
American and Hawaiian FLAGS
A great variety of
SHIP HARDWARE of latest designs
NO OLD STOCK
Also constantly on hand a full stock of
SHELF HARDWARE
Tools of all kinds
Agricultural Implements
KEROSENK OIL of goodquality
SPERM and all other
LUBRICATING OILS
Boston Card Matches
Rubber Hose assorted
ALCOHOL of high test for mechani
cal and medicinal purposes ftust
received
Uj OF THE ABOVE FOlt SALE BY
E 0 HALL SON
Cor Fort and King Streets
1362 2684 lm
A New Cooking Stove
Messrs KING BBOS have been appointed
Agents for the
JEWEL GRAND
Which tbey are now offorinfj for sale
The following are
the
It requires no C
smoke to carry off
Xo 1 J Kaahum Jim Street -
v of the merits of
va
jey there being no
It does not blacken tbe cooking utensils
By the simple tnrning of a screw and the
application of n match the Stovo is ready
for use
Water can be boiled in five minutes from
tho time tbe firo is started
Any kind of cooking can be done on this
Stove that can be done on any other
The expense of fuel is rod need to between
ten and fifteen cents per day and in soino
cases to much less
No catting of wood or bother about coal
with this Stove
The feel comes in cases like kerosene oil
and a years supply can be easily stored iu
a very small space
Tbo best refined Gasoline is the fool osed
with which there is no more danger than
with kerosene oil
For people who do their own cooLinj this
Stove can not be beaten and we veniuro to
say that after tbuy have gotten over the
prejndice of the use of Gasoline that they
will not aive the Stove np for a wood and
coal stove under any consideration
There are at present six of these Stoves
in successful opperation on the island of
Kauai aud ono in Honolulu the owners of
which will Rladly furnish information to
those wishing to know more about the
Stove
75 Fortarther particnlnrs npplr to
KING BROS
Hotel Street Honolulu
P O Bos No M l52 3ni
EfflE INSURANCE AGENCY
OF A JAEGER
Honolulu
HAMBURG MAGDEBURG FIRE
INSURANCE CO of Ham
burg Germany
LION EIRE INSURANCE CO of
London England
ORIENT INSURANCE CO of
Hartford Conn
NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE
CO of Hartford Conn
1323 tf
HARROWS FOR SALE
T HAVE JUST RECEIVED FROM
JL ulaida small invoice of latent Jointed
rive bcctloii Harrows theso llsrroKS aro bcin
extensively used wherever they have been intro
duced They are very light and durable and will
do more acres a day w uh less team than the old
styles Any one wishing references may write
to the f oUor ing parties
John nindc Kohala Hawaii
BSBryant
J iUVa
J llaraden rIIoDoka3
A Moore Paanhaa
ALidsate Paaallo
B- Any one wuhlns to purchase will plelse
write to me O NOTIiEYr
lX tei FaanHoHaalra
w ill
II
N II
Tills Spaee Reserved
FOR
M
S N SACHS -- 104 FORT ST
THE POPULAR MILLINERY HOUSE
fi
v
Bargains -- Bargains
THE PACIFIC HARDWARE CO LD
Beg to announce that in consequence of extensive repairs to their building
they are Removing their Stock of Goods to the
gjr During removal m order to save expense of handling
Their Entire Stock is
r
Offeret
nednced
Dimond Block Nos 95 97 King Street
Kates
TO THE TRADE
Persons requiring anything in their line will find ihis a socially favoi
able opportunity
New Goods New G oods
Have lately been received and fresh invoices an on the way
PACIFIC HAEDWAEE CO Lcl
Fort Street
79 q
Honolul
XI
9
TIN COPPER and SHEET IRON WORKER
Plumbing1 in all its branches
Artesian Well Pipe all sizes
STOVES AND RANGES
Uncle Sam Medallion Hichmond Ti
Prize New Kival Oper Derby Wren Do
Magna Charter Back Superior Macnet
Nimble Inwood and Laundry Stoves Galvanized Iron and Copper
UiaUHOllUU MUID illUAOl O lOlCU UU tjain
pTop Palace Flora May Contest Graad
lly Gypsy Qu m Pansey fc Army Knntroo
Osceola Ala iwia TViliruia nii4 rCt
JWW VJ MMoi JPA
Galvanized Iron Water Pipe all sixes
AND LAID ON AT LOWEST
forSasgea
Gast Iron and -Lead Soil Pip
House I iiaELlslilxxsr Goods
ALL KINDS
BUBBEK HOSE ALL SIZES AND GBADES
Lift and Force Pamps Cistern Pumps Galvanized Iroa Seet Cegpw SbtLL
Lead PipeTin Plate Water CIosefe Haible Slabs aad Bawk Jfeuaefecl foMhp4l
Chandeliers Lamps and
I
4
V t

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