Newspaper Page Text
J. II. KAl'AHU. T.s., has tbis day been
appointed ac Aeeni ;o ChuI Siamese
Lioenpe for the Island Niihao.
J. A. KING.
Minister of the Interior,
tntpr nr llthec. XI iv -T. 1S33. 1481-3
IUESDAY. MAY 30 1S93.
The sad news of the death of
General Samuel Chapman Armstrong
is printed in another column.
He was born in the Hawaiian Islands
and first made his mark here
as an organizer and leader of public
movements. Perhaps no man
has been better and more favorably
known in Hawaii than he.
After his removal to the United
States, many years ago, he became
prominent as a business man. At
the breaking out of the war of the
rebellion he arose rapidly, from the
ranks until at the close of the great
conflict he was brevetted general
in recognition of his services to his
country in the field.
But the greater part of his life
work was performed in the establishment
and successful carrying
out of the great industrial school
at Hampton, Virginia, whose
original aim was to ameliorate the
conditions of the newly- freed
negroes, through the education of
their children. In this great and
good work he labored unceasingly
for years. Before the closing of his
life, the educational scope of the
school had been greatly extended,
and the field of usefulness consequently
He waB at the time of his death
considered one of the forement men
of the United States. He was loved
and honored wherever known, and
his death will be as deeply regretted
here as it is by his
countrymen in the Great Republic.
Lieutenant -commander W. H.
Reeder has been appointed executive
officer of the Charleston.
Admiral Gherardi is said to be
anxious to have command of the
Brooklyn navy yard, if his request
to remain in charge of the North
Atlantic station cannot be complied
Admiral Irwin, who was formerly
commandant at Mare Island
navy yard, has gone to the Asiatic
station to relieve Admiral Harmony,
who is on the flagship Lancaster.
The party bound for the
Orient on the Peru consists of Admiral
and Mrs. John Irwin, Flag
Lieutenant and Mrs. Charles
Adams, Ensign and Mrs. Henry E.
Parmenter, Miss Lulu Irwin and
Master John Irwin, Jr. S. F.
The New Substitute for Sugar.
At a meeting of German companies
engaged in the manufacture
of beet-root sugar some remarks
were made on a new substance
known as Valzin, which it is expected
will entirely supplant saccharin,
and cause some "derangement"
of the sugar trade generally.
The new substance is, it is stated,
being manufactured in Berlin under
a patent, and, like saccharin,
ie about 200 times sweeter than
sugar, without some unpleasant
qualities which are said to exist in
saccharin. Am. Ex.
A Bit of News.
The following bit of news is taken
from the San Francisco Chronicle
of the ISth inst.: "While the
steamer Oceanic was in Honolulu,
the officers learned that a few days
before, the third mate and several
of the crew of the whaler Mermaid
went out for a row and were not
Runs with the Machine.
George Sandeman, now a resident
of Hilo, has been elected foreman
of the Hilo volunteer fire department.
Mr. Sandeman is an
old member of No 1 Engine Com
Another Rise in Sugar.
There has been another rise in
the price of sugar. A dispatch
from New York, dated the 17th instant,
quotes centrifugals, 9G test,
WILL PEOBABLY BE INSTRUCT-ED
TO MAKE A NEW
Tlin Tenor of tlie Coiuinliniuiicr'ii
Mill a Secret.
Washington, May 10. The president
has appointed James H.
Blount of Georgia envoy extraordinary
and minister plenipotentiary
to the Hawaiian islands to succeed
John L. Stevens. Blount's commission
bears the date of yesterday
and it will be sent to him by the
next mail for Honolulu. It is understood
that the changevas decided
on at the cabinet meeting
The report from Blount, mailed
in Honolulu during the last week
in April, came to Secretary Gresh-ham
yesterday morning, and was
taken by him to the cabinet meet
ing, uwing to its connaentiai
character the contents were kept
secret, but it is presumed that it
contains such information that the
president is determined to lose no
time in commissioning the hew
minister to succeed Mr. Stevens.
Now that Mr. "Blount's official
status has been changed from commissioner
to minister, there is naturally
great anxiety to know what
will be the next move in Hawaiian
matters. The officials of the State
department are as mysterious as
ever. The only statement Secretary
Gresham would make today
on the Hawaiian subject was that
Commissioner Blount had been appointed
minister, and instructions
had cone to ex-Minister Stevens
directing him to turn over the legation
to Mr. Blount.
What the tenor of Blount's letter
is must remain a secret until such a
time as the administration is willing
to make known its position in re
gard to Hawaii. That he is against
annexation there can be no doubt.
As a result of Mr. Blount's report
a new set of instructions is
being prepared and will go out by
the next mail steamer.
It is believed that the instructions
authorize him to negotiate a
treaty of some kind which will insure
American supremacy in the
islands without interference with
internal affairs. Concerning the
report that a new commission is
coming from Hawaii to negotiate a
new treaty with the United States,
it is said at the State department
that it is not at all probable, and
whatever negotiations may be conducted
will be through Minister
It is understood that Mr. Blount's
appointment is not permanent, but
was made expressly for the purpose
of having him conduct negotiations
which will determine the future relations
of this country with Hawaii.
Mr. Blount, his friends say,
would probably not care to accept
this third-class mission under any
other conditions. Having served
as chairman of the House foreign
affairs committee it is not likely
that he would care to take a subordinate
place when there are $17,000
missions floating around unless
there were some special reasons.
A SOCIAL EVENT.
Samuel M. Shortridge and Miss
Emma Spreckels to he
There is at present a matrimonial
union on the tapis of no inconsiderable
interest to social, financial
and political circles, inasmuch as
it promises to unite great wealth
and beauty to eloquence, genius
and political prominence.
This means that Miss Emma
Spreckels, the daughter of Claus
Spreckels, the well-known capitalist
and sugar magnate, will in the
near future be led to the altar b'
Samuel M. Shortridge, the distinguished
young orator, lawyer and
politician. When the wedding will
take place cannot yet be stated,
but when it does take place it will
be one ot the notable events in the
social history of San Francisco.
The bride, besides being a
in her own right, is a
member of a family known all over
the country because of the great
enterprises in which the male
members have achieved wealth and
prominence. The groom has made
a high reputation for himself by
his forensic powers and his rapid
rise at the bar.
"With the freshness of youth yet
upon him Mr. Shortridge has
achieved such prominence in the
field of politics that he is spoken of
.l -&& ,trm,&Z!littini&.& .
in certain quarters as likely to be
one of the candidates for the gubernatorial
nomination on the Republican
ticket two years hence.
Of Miss Spreckels it is unnecessary
to speak, except to say that
she is a young lady who has been
noted for her retiring manners,
when she had every opportunity to
shine in society. She. has never
manifested any desire to make the
social conquests that the wealth
and prominence of her family
easily placed within her reach.
Without being secluded in her
habits she has never shown any
special fondness for gaining social
triumphs. For this reason her name
has not frequently been bandied
about in the society gossip of the
As for Mr. Shortridge, he owes
his enviable position solely to his
own talents and energy. Through
his own unaided exertions he has
risen, in a few years, to an elevation
that few men reach after more
difficult and longer struggles He
is a younger brother of Charlt M.
Shortridge, editor and proprietor
of the San Jose Mercury, and Mrs.
Clara S. Foltz, the well-known
lady lawyer. He gained a Statewide
reputation in 1S84, when very
young, by making an exceptionally
brilliant and effective canvass of
the State for James G. Blaine. Until
then he was utterly unknown.
Since then he has been conspicuous
on the stump in every campaign,
and as a powerful advocate at the
Among the first and strongest
friends he made when he began
the practice of his profession in
this city was John D. Spreckels, of
the Oceanic Steamship Company.
Mr. Spreckels early appreciated
the talents of Mr. Shortridge, and
this appreciation ripened into close
personal friendship. It is not surprising,
therefore, that the friendship
between Mr. Spreckels and
the eloquent young lawyer should
have resulted in a corresponding
family intimacy. In time this
brought about an engagement of
marriage between Mr. Shortridge
and Miss Spreckels. ' Owing to the
wealth and powerful political connections
of the contracting parties
the contemplated wedding will in
all likelihood exert considerable
influence on the trend of political
events. Mr. Shortridge was already
on the high road to political preferment,
and this alliance will
bring to him aid of a most potent
character. S. F. Chronicle.
' m '
The Masons of Hilo Entertain
Mr. Andrew Brown.
On last Wednesda3' evening one
of the most enjoyable social events
which has ever taken place in Hilo
occurred at the Coney House at
that place. The affair was arranged
by several masons, and it was given
in honor of Mr. Andrew Brown of
this city, who visited Hilo on business
connected with the fire department.
Mr. Brown holds a high office
in Hawaiian Lodge, No. 21, F.
and A. M., and the banquet was
given as a token of esteem.
The affair was not confined
stricty to members of .the order and
several prominent citizens of Hilo,
who are not masons were present at
the festive board. The parlors and
dining room of the hotel were most
tastefully decorated, while the ex
terior of the building was brilliantly
illuminated with Japanese lanterns.
The banquet commenced at
8 o'clock and for three hours the
menu, which would have done
credit to a French chef, was discussed.
During the evening toasts
were made and responded to and
when "Auld Lang Syne" was sung
everybody departed for home with
a remembrance of a very pleasant
time. Among those present were
Messrs. Andrew Brown, Dr. R. B.
Williams, John Spear, John Moir,
John Stupplebeen, A. W. Richardson,
George Sandemah, William
Vanetta, P. Seott, L. Turner, W.
Bohm, K. R. G. "Wallace, George
Beckley, J. Sisson, -J. S. Maby, W.
Ray, Colonel G. W. LeRoy and
The Wheelmen's Dance.
The Pacific wheelmen gave their
second excursion and danco at
Remond Grove on Saturday even
ing. A large crowd of people,
principally young folks, were in at
tendance, and everybody enjoyed
themselves. The boys netted a neat
sum of money, which will go towards
a fence around their track
at Pearl City.
To Visit Madame Pele.
Mr. W. Porter Boyd, U. S. vice-consul,
and Mr. George Ashley,
superintendent of the O. R. & L.
Co., expect to leave on Tuesday for
a visit t the volcano. If they decide
to go Purser George Beckley
will accompany them.
TKriDAr MAY 30 laaS,
GEARY EXCLUSION , rrn
Tremendous Financial Crash Iu
i:uroie.iu l'olltlcs Gladstone llooteit
Shipwrecks amlEojsof Life Sens
Xntcii from Hotli Hemispheres.
The Gear Act Staixlk.
Washington, May 15. The Su-
preme uourD oi tne united states,
with fuller. Field and Brewer dissenting,
to-day declared the Act providing
for the registration of Chinese to be
within the letter and spirit of the
Constitution, and, therefore, valid
and effective as a law. Justice Horace
Gray delivered the opinion of the
Court. Proceedings will be delayed
ending decision of a motion for
E and argument befoie a full
bench at next term. The decision has
caused general satisfaction among the
people. It is not likely the Chinese
government will interfere, and
while the Chinese minister at Washington
has spit out a little against
European emigrants, he has intimated
the Chinese will obey the law if it
is enforced. Cleveland is said to be
against the law and it is asserted that
the pro-Chinese sentiment is growing
in the Eastern United States. It is
probable Congress will give the
Chinese another chance to register.
Washington, May 14. The returns
on Chinese registration from
thirty-five out of sixty-three internal
districts in the United States show
that 3169 Chinese have complied with
the law. The districts most densely
populated by Chinese have not
yet made returns. It is estimated
that therere 110,000 Chinese in the
Claims of Britain.
Pakis, May 17. Sir Charles Russell
continued his argument before the
Behring sea tribunal today. He presented
additional documents designed
to prove that Behring sea was not a
mare clausum over which Eussia had
exercised sovereign domination. Great
Britain emphatically denied that
had any right to the 100-mile limit
claimed in the ukase of 1821. The
Duke of Wellington refused to negotiate
the treaty of 1825 until Eussia
withdrew her pretension to the 100-mile
limit, and Russia admitted in
1825 that she had not the power to in
terfere with foreign vessels fishing in
Behring sea. Sir Charles quoted from
the American historian, Bancroft,
and the Eussian historian Tikmenief,
in support of his statements, which
were controverted by American Agent
Foster,' a lively altercation taking
Sir Charles next proceeded to discuss
questions 5 and G "Has the
United States any, 'and if so, what
right of protection or property in the
seals frequenting the islands of the
United States in Behring sea when
they are found outside the ordinary
Sir Charles said that the United
States could not excludapther nations
from Behring sea unlessshe possessed
sovereign dominion over the sea, and
such a claim was repugnant to all
principles of international law.
The tribunal adjourned until Tuesday,
Copies of the report of Henrv W.
Elliott, United States treasury agent-
in lsyu, concerning tne seal rookeries
on Pribyloff islands, were distributed
by the British counsel among the
members of the tribunal. Sir Charles
Russell and Sir Richard Webster regard
this report of the greatest importance
iu support of their case.
England and Kussla 'Will AM.
Victokia (B. CO, May 13. Collector
of Customs Milne received the
following telegram from the deputy
minister of marine at Ottawa: "I
have now to advise you that the English
and Russian governments have
agreed to prohibit sealing vessels
from fishing within ten miles of the
Russian coast and within thirty miles
of Ebbbon island and the Commander
islands during tho present year. Warn
sealers to observe this prohibition,
communicating with those who have
already sailed whenever possible. Give
a copy of this to the officers commanding
the ships at Esquimau."
The selection of Thurston as Hawaiian
Minister at Washington to succeed
Mott Smith is a good one. Thurston
is one of the ablest of the young
men of Hawaii. He believes thoroughly
in annexation, and it was
largely due to his ability and energy
that the Provisional government was
established. He was selected as the
chairman of the commission which
laid the annexation proposal before
this government. He will do all In
his power for the cause in Washington,
although it is evident that he can
accomplish little because of Cleveland's
desire to upset everything done
by the Harrison administration.
Gladstone YV'ng Ilooteil.
London, May 17. The reception of
tne jtTince ot wales at tne imperial
Institute today was successful. ' Gladstone
was present, looking tired and
irritated. liefore he appeared, the
fifteen or twenty thousand persons at
the reception were in the best temper,
hut as soon as the Prime- Minister
came into view the temper of the
crowd changed Instantly. At first a
few hisses -were heard ; then suppressed
groaning. As he proceeded,
the hooting and hissing swelled to an
uproar which the Liberals present
could not drown with their counter
cheers. The opinion almost
sally expressed tonight iu London is
that the demonstration was not only
a disgraceful exhibition of partisanship,
but also a direct insult to the
Prince of Wales, with whom the
Prime Minister had just dined at the
Institute in company witli the visitors
Prague, May 17. The Bohemian
Diet scene today was a display oi
the protracted and bitter struggle for
supremacy between the Czech and
German elements. The bill before the
Diet was intended to strengthen the
position of the Germans as against
the Czechs. The young Czechs' filibustering
prevented its passage. The
dispute ended in a general row in
which the Czechs had the better, ink
bottles and other missels were used.
Prince Lobkowitz, the president, was
menaced with personal violence, and
he declared the sitting closed. The
prince has since been occupied in preliminary
arrangements for duels with
several of his antagonists. The scene
in the diet caused great excitement
throughout the city. The students at
the university broke out in riotous
demonstration, wrecking the windows
of club-houses and the mansions of
people obnoxious to them.
Fifteen Australian banks, representing
deposits of over S8,000,000 pounds
not dollars are now in liquidation,
and the drafts not only of these banks
but also of other colonial banks have
been refused negotiation by the
hanks of San Francisco The
banks represent the following:
Paid up capital, 9.681, 53S; reserve,
5,147,363; uncalled reserve,
12,620,000; deposits, 8S,504,222. The
banks of Australia, New South Wales,
New Zealand and Union Bank of
Australia, called "the great banks of
the colonies," are still solvent.
The disastrous effects of the smash
have already reached San Francisco.
The steamer Mouawui, which arrived
here from the Colonies, brought up
160 cabin and a large lot of steerage
Eassengers. Many of these were
ound for the World's Fair at Chicago
and intended to extend their trip
to the homes of their youth in the
"What Churchill Thinks.
London, May 17. Lord Randolph
Churchill, speaking at Reading this
evening, said that Gladstone had informed
the leading liberals of Midlothian
that he would not contest that
constituency again. This decision,
said Lord Randolph, proved that
Gladstone realized what a revolution
of feeling had been produced against
him by the home-rule bill.
The Home ltule Bill.
London, May 17. The second
clause in the Irish home-rule bill conferring
authority on the Irish legislature
was amended to the effect that
tho supreme power of the Imperial
Parliament should remain undiminished,
and was passed today in committee
of the House of Commons by
287 to 225.
Earthquakes In Sicily.
Eome, May 12. Earthquakes continue
to occur almost daily in Sicily.
Today Palermo, Trapani and the island
of Ustica, of the Sicilian coast
were shaken violently. Many buildings
were injured and will fall if the
shocks are repeated.
Beats the ltecord.
Queensland, May 12. The steamer
Campania arrived from New York
this morning iu live days, seventeen
hours and forty-two minutes. This
beats the record for the Atlantic trip
by two full hours.
The Mohican at Tort Townseml.
Port Townsend (Wash.), May 1".
The United States steamer .Mohican
arrived today from Honolulu. She
goes on the dry dock before proceeding
to Behring sea.
The Treasurj's Gold.
Washington, May 17. The free
gold on the Treasury books today was
$2,800,000. The export from New
York today was 81,500,000, and $1,000,-000
was engaged for export Thursday.
London, May 14. The ship Countess
Evelyn was run into and sunk by
the steamer City of Hamburg, be
tween .ttanmurg anu Swansea. The
captain and mate jumped aboard the
Hamburg and were saved. The vessel
sunk in- 00 seconds after being
struck, taking -with her a crew of sixteen
men andnine passengers.
The revolutionists may triumph at
Nicaragua. The uprising against President
Sacaza is carrying everything
before it and all departments except
two are now controlled by its leaders.
Perfect order prevails in the revolutionist
camp, and Nicaragua is likely
to pass from its present control.
Trouble is again threatened in Peru
over the coming election for President.
Dissatisfaction with Caceres, official
candidate for that office to succeed Dr.
Bermudez is the cause of the trouble.
The return of the V. S. Pacific
will be hastened in consequence.
Halifax (N. N.), May 12. The
schooner Espcrance, with eleven men
on board, has been lost. Part of the
wreck came ashore at South Beach.
It is supposed she ran into the ice off
the Columbian shore in a snow storm
on Easter Monday.
Paris, May 17. The Siamese Legation
has received a dispatch concerning
the fight at Khong. The dispatch
says that most of the French officers
and many Anamite soldiers were
killed. Only one of the hostile natives
Mrs. Horgan, GO years of age, who
lived at 618 Eddy street, San Francisco,
was struck and almost Instantly
killed by an iron girder which fell
upon her from a one-story brick building
in the course of erection at 13S0
E. A. Vogt, the amateur bicycle
champion of Scotland, has made ten
miles in 24 minutes and 34 secouds.
This is 16 seconds better than the
previous record held by F.J. Osmond,
uuw viauiug iub uniieu states.
Frank C. Almy, who murdered
Christie Warden at Hanover nearly
two years ago, was hanged in the
penitentiary at Concord, N. H., May
16. The drop fell at 10 :14, and death
was nearly instantaneous.
Chicago, May 12. It has been decided
to open Jackson park on Sundays
at half price, 25 cents; the fair
buildings will bo closed as usual,
under the conditions of the congressional
The Alliance has been Ordered to
Central America, on account of the
late revolution in Nicaragua and Honduras.
The Atlanta sailed on May 12
for the same destination.
Thirty directors and stockholders of
the Nicaragua canal company have
passed a resolution thanking the United
States for its determination to pro
tect their interests.
United States Minister Denby. by
the retirement of 'the German Minister
to Peking, has become the dean of
the foreign diplomatic corps at the
Chinese capital. t
E. S. Osborn, secretary of state of
Kansas, has been bound over for criminal
libel for charging Cyrus Leland
with stealing and selling coal from the
It is estimated that 12,000 newspapers
from every state and territory
are represented by delegates at tho
editorial association at Chicago.
John D. Eockfeller will attempt to
float the debt of the Northern Pacific
It Is reported Villiard would resign
the presidency on May 18th.
It is believed there will be a deficit
of Sl.000,000 reached in tho California
treasury by the time the Markham
administration is ended.
James Gordon Bennett proposes to
incorporate the New York Herald on
a plan that will give him a controlling
interest in the stock.
Two clever young swindlers stole
and shipped $13,500 worth, of coffee
from a coffee planter in Huatucho,
A plot of Long Island anarchists to
blow up tho police of Middle Village,
has been divulged by one of the number.
Albert W. Nickerson, a well-known
railroad man is dead. His estate is
valued at from five to ten millions.
Dr. Kitasato of Tokio claims to
to have cured hopeless cases of consumption.
The Mikado will establish
a hospital for experiments.
England is experiencing a drought
which is causing great loss to farm
and garden produce in the south.
Great damage has been done in
Ohio by a storm of rain and wind.
Fourteen lives are reported lost.
BERLIN, May 12. George Victor,
sovereign prince of Waldeck, died today
at Marienbad, Bohemia.
An old woman named Mrs. Angelo,
aged 00 years, was eaten by an alligator
in a swamp near Port Eads.
It is said Cleveland will adopt tho
plan of considering merit only in appointments.
The Colonia, one of the yachts to
defend America's cup, has been
Lo Careu, the British spy, is said to
be dying in'London from fear of assassination.
The natives on Hawaii have been
supplied with pamphlets containing
the constitution of the United States
printed in the Hawaiian language.
Moy 2g, i8gj.
Diogenes when a member
from his country to the state
legislature used to go with a
lantern, looking for an honest
man. History does not record
whether he found what he was
looking for. The trouble -was
not in the legislature however
or in the men, the difficulty
was entirely with the lanterns.
By the W. G. Irwin," we
received more of those convenient
crank lift lanterns
which will enable you to find
anything, even a correct solution
of the present political
problem. They are made in
nickel, copper or tin and present
a very fine appearance
besides giving a good light, and
the crank at the side, (not the
one on the handle) makes it impossible
to burn your fingers.Y
It has been a question in
our minds whether any dealers
in Honolulu sell more garden
hose than we do, "We have decided
in the negative. There's
scarcely a vessel coming to
this port, but what has brought
us large quantities of a superior
quality of hose. We believe
our large sales now is the
result of establishing early in
our business career a reputation
for keeping really good
articles, particularly hose.
The demand for the Fischer
Steel Ranee continues, and
we are sending them to the
homes of our customers nearly
every day. This last lot is of
abetter quality,pf steel, and
will last longer pm anystovo
made. A gentleman who got
one a week ago7 reports thai
his cook baked a cake in eigdy,
minutes, the first time he trie!
The Hawaiian Hardware Cc,