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b VOL. XXIX.. XO. 29. HOOLUIiU, H. I.. TUESDAY, APEIL 10. 1894. SEMI-WEEKLY. WHOLE 2TO. 1540.
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IS56 TSLKPHOSE So. 119
THE ROYALIST MUSS MEETING,
Resolutions Adopted Protesting
Against the Government's Action.
THEY DO NOT LIKE THE CONVENTION.
SprecheM by Kaulultou, Aslifortl, ltosa,
rhllllp anil Others They I'lead to
be Alluuetl a Voice iu the ComiDCT
Election Without Tnkinc; the Oath.
Palace Square was crowded last
evening at the royalist
there being about 2000 people
present, about one-third of the
number that turned out at the last
meeting that was held there. A
large number of these were
and supporter? of the Provisional
Government who had come
from curiosity. A stand had been
erected for the evening, and it was
gaily decorated with Hawaiian
flags. The National Band was in
attendance and played several
nuuioers before and during the
On the platform were C. W. Ash-ford,
J. L. iCaulukou, J. F. Bowler,
L. J. Levej, John Phillips, F. H.
Kedward, Antone Rosa, C. B. Wilson,
T. x. Lloyd and J. K.
C. W. Ashford opened the
meeting by paying that
had been appointed chairman,
and L. J. Levey, secretary for the
evening. He then introduced Mr.
Kaulukou as the first speaker, who
To all of you, natives of Hawaii as
well as foreigners, I wish a very good
evening. We have been called together
in this great meeting to consider
our rights, personal and otherwise,
as you know, at the present
time everything is not satisfactory.
Tbis party that is now iu power proposes
to hold a constitutional convention,
and we are here to talk over this
situation calmly, without arms aud
in a ijuiet manner to Und out what
our rights are. It is the custom in
other countries to call these mass
meetings, and I earnestly ask you to
meet here without any violence, aud
when tho meeting is over to go to
your homes quietly, and let there be
no breach of the law lest we be accused
of not being fit to rule. I want
you to listen to something that I
think you should hear, aud that
greatly concerns us. This is this
coming constitutional convention.
The Provisional Government proposes
to otabliHli a republic and that that
may be carried out in a proper manner
they intend to have a new constitution.
In order to carry out this
idea an Act has been passed, providing
for an election of eighteen members
to a constitutional convention.
Nineteen members of this convention
are already declared elected in
the members of the Advisory Council,
and this is a majority of the whole
convention. The election of these
eighteen members is to take place ou
May 2d. This convention is apposed
to represent the people. These delegates
are to meet and make a new
constitution, as I said before the Government
already has nineteen members
in tliis convention, and this gives
them a majority. Is this fair? Is this
right or juit? These eighteen delegates
cannot act freely or as they
wish to act, as the law provides that
they must take an oath against restoring
any monarchical form of government.
I want to ask you if you
have ever heard of auythiug like
this ? II this method is carried out,
we will never have any peace in this
country. Who appointed these nineteen
men ? They were not elected
by the people nor do they voice the
sentiments of the people at large, and
if they form a constitution it will not
voice the public sentiment. If this
action is not just, what are we to do ?
Let our rights slip, aud go for good?
If we sit dumb and enter no protest
this will be the grave of our rights It
has been fourteen months since the
Provisional Government came into
power and we have waited with patience.
Mr. Kaulukou then rambkd on
for a few minutes, but only repeated
himself over .and over He
claimed that, as the United Stales
had not yet settled the matter, the
Government had no right to take
J. K. Kahookano was the next
speaker. He said, in part:
The annexationists propose to call a
Cou&titutionnal Convention, aud to
that end they are calling upon ail to
register, and above all, they want the
Hawaiiaus to register. But we all
know that this Constitutional Convention
is only a blind, as their ultimate
aim is annexation. Why is all
this eagerness for us to register? But
for me, I know their purpose. The I
Provisional Government supporters
are railroading this scheme in order
to hurt our raue at Washington. We
all know the treatment of the blacks
iu America by the Amerieaus, and I
lio not propose to be treated the same.
But I do not know how you may feel
about the matter. The blacks are a
much abused aud scorned people
Dear friends, I know the times are
hard, but I advise you to remaiu
steadfast. Those who wish to register
can do so according to the dictates
of his conscience, but there is no law
compelling you to register. But remember
this is an iron chain intended
to bind us. It is not a wise movement
for us to take away now from
the hands of the Senate our appeal
before them, for that is virtually the
result of your registering. And all
those who are loyal, who are not
office-seekers, and who are in no way
in fear of starvation can weigh the
matter carefully and choose as he
pleases. But as for me, I am not
going to register, for I know the present
Government is acting only as
our trustees or agents, for the real
government is yet to be established.
John Phillips said :
I did not know that I was to speak
until two hours ago, and have had no
time to prepare a speech? The subject
matter 01 mis meeting is a limited
one, and what one speaker says must
necessarily be repeated, in another
form, by others. We are here to protest
against the coming constitutional
convention. The Government proposes
to have eighteen members elected,
and by the cumulative vote which
has been adopted, it can control everything.
The President might as well
stand on the steps of the Executive
Building, and read out, clause by
clause, this new Constitution, and
have it adopted. The result would
be the same. We do not consider
this fair. We see no reason why
these thirty-six men should not be
elected by the people. It would not
harm the Government, although they
might not get exactly what they
want. We want popular representative
government. We do not like to
see armed guards parading our streets
day and night, when there is no necessity
for it. I do not want to say
much more. Those speakers who are
to come have had time to prepare their
speeches, and are in no danger of being
arrested for sedition, while I might
say something that would lay me liable
to that law. All I can say is, Gentlemen
of the Provisional Government,
give us a full and Iree vote and
we are with you.
C. W. Asiifohd To use a homely
expression, the Provisional Government
has bitten off more thau it can
C. W. ASHFORD.
chew, and is very liable to get the
lockjaw. I have always lived in a
free country until the 17th of January,
1893. I believe in free government,
a free press, and free speech
and I am going to work for them to
the best of my ability. American
doctrine is this no government can
exist without consent of the govern
ed. No matter what it might have
been 100 years ago, British doctrine
is the same now and there is no reason
why it should not be Hawaiian
doctrine. These gentlemen who constitute
the Provisional Government
claim that they want to give us free
American Government, hut have they
shown that we can have a government,
by the people, of the people,
and tor the people? (A voice uo,
they have not;. You bet they have
not. In regard to this convention, it
is more like a Mexican Congress than
auythiug else. Nineteen of them
have declared themselves elected.
Let me not detract from
their qualities. There are men
there who are well qualified for the
position. If they could only get the
people to say so, all right; but they
can't, aud they are afraid to ask the
people to do it. Ou what possible pretext
do they act this way ? If tins is
to be a representative Convention,
why are not all the members elected ?
And if it is not, why are any elected ?
I defy anyone to show me a precedent
for such a proceeding. Is this a sample
of the Americanism we are to get?
If so, God knows the less we get of it
the better. I do not want to abuse
anyone; but the Provisional Government,
great as it is, is not above criti
cism, although it would like to place
itself there. We may not, under the
pains and penalties of the sedition
law, express our full opinion, but we
can act them if we do it peacefully.
No oue more than myself would deprecate
violence until this question is
settled. But we can do notuing. By
an oversight tin the part of my friend
the Attorney General, it hasnotyet
been made criminal to do nothing,
though it probanly will be soon, aud
for the present we are at liberty to do it.
The method we will take of doing
nothing is to let this election oath
severely alone, and them settle
their own little squabble in their own
little way. Onedetii nent to this oath
is that it will strip the taker of his
allegiance to nis own country. My
friend, llis iixcellency the Attorney-General,
great lawyer as he i-!, has
declared the opposite, buf we should
not taKe me cuances oi it tn tins one- ;
sided aliair. Another thing is, that it
is not proposed to submit the new constitution
to a vote of the people. Let
ma ask if there is a. man whn ran
point to any portion of the
tioti of the United States, either State '
or Federal, that has not been submitted
to the approval of the public?
You may remember a revolution that
took place in January, 1893 The
reason given for that revolution was
that the queen proposed to promulgate
a new constitution. Where is
the action of the Provisional Government
any better ? If it was a crowning
sin ou the part of the queen, why
is ita crowning virtueon the partof the
Provisional Government to do it now?
I trust that some of their orators or
some of their journals will explain it.
Is it simply because it-is done by "us
good people?" And I have no doubt
it is already prepared and laid away
waiting for the railroad. The boast of
the Provisional Government is that
they have 7000 of the votes of the islands
in their favor. If this is true
and God knows it is a blasted lie but
if this is true, why are they afraid? If
they have this number, they have a
clear majority, and if they have a
majority, why don't they have a
popular vote ? Cnly this afternoon, a
member of the Advisory Council
was in my office and he promised
to speak at this meeting and
give his reasons why he would
not register. Something has interfered
with his coming, but nevertheless
he is against tbis oligarchical form
of government, and he will fight it,
both in the Councils and in the convention.
His example is good enough
for me. I will not take this oath,
when I know that those nineteen men
across the way will have a majority,
even if we should all vote. Let us,
then, keep our hands oil", and see how
many of the 17,000 voters of these
islands have cast their votes on the
2d of May.
Antone Rosa We are gathered
here to explain to our Hawaiian
friends what their proper course is.
We have the right to assemble and
express ourselves peaceably, and it is
our duty to do so. The Government
has assumed a menacing attitude
police surveillance all over the place.
What is the purpose of this? This is
almost a Hawaiian meeting. Have
not the Hawaiiaus preserved a peaceable
and quiet attitude for a year?
But here are Provisional Government
officers peeping around everywhere.
Should we take the oath? Others
have expressed themselves on this
subject. I say a Hawaiian who does
It, except under extreme necessity,
betrays his country. In the United
States the representative of this Government
said the Hawaiians were unfitted
for self-government. Now they
are asking their help, reaching out
their hands to the lowly man and saying,
"Come to me, brethren." They
have said that the Hawaiian were fit
for nothing but to eat poi and fish and
Upon the conclusion of Mr. Rosa's
remarks, a lantern was placed on a
chair, and by the-light of its chaste
and watery beams Mr. Rosa read in
native, and Mr. Ashford in English,
the following resolutions :
WhereasThe Provisional Government
of the Hawaiian Islands has called
a convention for tho purpose of preparing
and promulgating a Constitution
for these Islands, and has, in the
Act calling such convention, provided
that the same shall consist of 37 members,
to include tho 19 self-appointed
and non-representative members of
the Executive and Advisory Councils
of said Government, and 18 members
to be elected; aud
Whereas Said Act provides that
voters for delegates to sucn convention,
and such delegates, shall first
take an oath to bear true allegiance to
said Provisional Government, and to
oppose the re-establishment of Monarchy
in the Hawaiian Islands, thereby
unreasonably restricting the people,
and such convention, in their choice
of a permanent form of Government,
aud makes no provision for the submission
of the Constitution which
shall be so prepared, to a vote of the
Whereas There is now pending and
unadjusted before the Government of
tho United States of America, the pro
test of the Constitutional Government
of Hawaii against the action of those
by whom said Constitutional Government
of Hawaii wa3 deposed, on the
17th day of January. 1S93;
Now therefore Be it resolved by
us, the loyal people of Honolu
lu, in mass meeting assembled, ou
the evening of this 9th day of April,
1894, that we will aud do decline to
take said o.tth, or to register or vote
for delegates to such convention as
aforesaid; and we further decline to
participate or co-operate in any project
of said Provisional Government
to extinguish the Hawaiian Constitution
of 1887, or to adopt a form of
government other than that sanctioned
by said Constitution, until a definite
and final reply to said protest of the
Constitutional Government of Hawaii
shall have been received from the
Government of said United States;
Resolved That we regard the said
Act passeil by the said Provisional
Government, and especially the pro
vision thereof which makes the members
of said Councils also members of
said Convention, thereby assuring a
majority of non-representative members
therein, as being calculated aud
intended to prevent a full and fair
representation of tiie people in such
Convention ; and we regard the
oath thereby prescribed as a practical
uisirancnisemeut oi tne .Hawaiian
people, and of all who, with them, j
remain loyal to tne iorm oi govern-1
ment here existing from time imme
Resolved That we appeal to j
our compatriots aud .sympathizers
throughout the laud to stand firm in
their refusal to take said oath, or to
register or vote for delegates to such
Resolved That the chairman and
secretary of thia meetiug are hereby t
instructed to forward a copy of these
resolutions to His Excellency the I
Minister Plenipotentiary of the United
States in Hawaii, -with a request that
he will forward the same to his Gov-
Mr. Kaulukou put the resolutions
to vote which were adopted by a mild
cheer, after which the people went
MR. KAULIA OBJECTS.
He Advises Natives Not to Attend
the Mass Meeting.
The following circular was distributed
yesterday. It was signed,
as will be seen, by J. K. Kaulia, a
prominent royalist. It speaks for
At a meeting of the Executive
Board of tho Hui Aloha Aina tho
following resolution was adopted:
Be it resolved, That posters be Issued
and notices made in the newspapers
uuvisiug me uiemuers oi mis association
not to attend the mass-meeting
to be held at Palace Square at 7
o'clock this (Monday) evening, because
tbis meeting was not summoned
by the Hui Aloha Aina.
James K. Kaulia,
Secretary Hui Aloha Aina.
Honolulu, April 9, 1894.
Mr. Joseph Emerson has declared
that they will go there supplied with
arms, that is, with clubs, etc., to hurt
The above was uttered after the
service last Sunday (held at the missionary
children's fortress) to one of
the members of the Central Union
Church. Now it is clear that the supporters
of the Government will disturb
tho meeting so they can boast to
foreign nations that we are easily set
aside, and this will be tho final action
of the Provisional Government to
nullify our appeal to the American
Ashford has said that this is not the
queen's meeting, forshe opposes mass-meetings.
It is true that the queen,
has not a hand in this meetiug, and it
is held agiinst her will. Ashford says
"we are doing this." Who are "we?"
He is an attorney for the firm of
Bishop & Co. Is that "we?" Some
will attend the meeting with clubs
and pistols to raise a disturbance.
Are they tho "we?" There is something
rotten in tbis mass-meeting, but
let us be thankful that one of tho missionaries
has announced beforehand
their purpose to make a disturbance
and the Advertiser is hypocritically
telling its supporters to attend the
meeting, but has prudently suppressed
what one of the Emersons bad
publicly stated (as reported by an eyewitness)
that they will go there armed.
What is left of this is a fraudulent
meeting called by the Black
League and other wealthy but irresponsible
whites to drag the natives
Here are the leaders of the meeting:
Antone Rosa, "
Kaulia, Enoch Johnson and
names are included by mistake,
but the majority have joined fully
aware that the intent is to mislead
the natives because they believed that
the natives could be easily flattered,
and more especially to do the same as
Damon had done to the Editor of the
Holomua to feel the natives. This is
a conspiracy to endanger us Hawaiians.
Why did not Macfarlane and
affix their names, because they
were tho ones who have been going
around among merchants requesting
the latter to attend the meeting.
Those who are not blind nor dumb
should take this advice and remain
quietly at home. Don't move forth
this evening Stay at your homes.
This meeting iu intended us an irau
to take you in.
The white leaders who have called
this evening's meeting have hid
themselves; they have given up, leaving
the natives :ilone to be overthrown
with spears. Let us Hawaiians try not
to fall into the snares laid for us by
Refused a Crowu.
Dr. Pease relates the following incident.
When he wont down to enter
upon missionary labors in the
Marshall Islands in 1877, they called
at the island of Bntaritari the
most of the Gilbert Islands. The king
of that island was lying sick, and tho
Doctor was sent to visit him. The
messenger, however, first conducted
him into a council of the old men.
They told him that their king was
evidently dying, and that they wanted
Dr. Pease to become tbeir king.
The Doctor is a man of large size
and corresponding to their
ideas of rojulty. Tbey would first
mako him a chief, and after the
king's decease, they would elect bim
their sovereign. Dr. I'ease explained
to tbem that he was engflged and
nnrlor nhlirriilinn tn frn tn Tlnnn nnr?
labor there. They thought he dis
trusted their ability to support him.
and made many promises of food
and other udvaLtagES All these
failing to move the Doctor from bis
purpone, they drew him a picture of
u woman, aud promised bim many
wives, eliciting from him more peremptory
declaration of his duty aud
intention to carry tho light to the
Mareball Islands. This was ten
years after Mr. Bingham had begun
pioneer work on Apaiang, one hundred
miles south. Bntaritari is now
the most enlightened of the ("roup,
and the eeat of tho British authority.