Newspaper Page Text
Survev Department in August, 1S92, o'clock an island of this character was
and Alarcb, ISM. .He has recorded in . J"8 (?J?'g WrtS?, !k
,, ,. , . , .. . . , 1 long, 2o feet wide, and rising 10 to 15
the olcano Souse book the result of feet above the surface of the lake,
his observations, as follows: j Shortly after, another great fall took
"In August, 1S92, the outer rim of place, the rock plunging out of sight
the pit surrounding the lake was 2S2!beneath the . fleF waves- Within a
feet below the level of the Volcano
"The surface of the lake was 240 feet
below this line.-
"In ATarch, 1SS4, the surface of the
lake was 207 feet above this line, mak -
ins- a rise of 447 feet in nineteen
The profile view of the lake at the
two periods is shown bv Figure 1 .
.O'a 2 j
The area of the lake was somewhat
larger in 1S94 than in 1S92, being 1200
feet long by S00 wide."
Upon "arriving at the volcano on
July 5, 1S94, the principal change
since ilr. Dodge was there was found
to be the sudden rising of the north
bank of the lake, covering an area of
about SO) feet long by 400 wide, which,
on the 21st of March last was suddenly
and without warning elevated to a
heicht of SO feet above the other
banks and the surface of the lava, the
lake being then full.
The raised area was much shattered,
and two blowholes shortly afterward
made their appearance on the outer
line of fracture.
On the ISth of April the hill thus
formed begjn to sink, and on July 5tn
was only about 30 feet above the other
wails of the lake.
On the evening of the 6th of July a
party of tourists found the lake in a
state of moderate activity, the surface
of the lava being about 12 feet below
On Saturday, the 7th, the surface
of the lake raised so that the
entire surface was visible from
the Volcano House. That night
it overflowed into the main
crater, and a blow-hole was thrown
up some 2C0 yards outside and to the
north of the'lake, from which a flew
.'''' Xs 7? Fig 3
HILL C &
I LAKE, j ' N
issued. were two other hot
cone in tb immediate vicinity
which were thrown up about three
weeks before. On Sunday, Monday
acd Tuesday, July Sth, 9th and 10th the
surface of the lase roe and fell several
times, varying from full to the
brim to 15 fet below the edge of the
The profile view of the lake on Tuesday
night, July 10tl, was approximately
as ehowu in Figure 2.
On the morning of Ue lltn the bill
was found to have sunk down to the
level of tLe other banks, and frequent
columns of rising dust indicated that
the banks were tailing in. At a.'io
at which honr a reached
amt uibu uvua. a pa a w.i.uvm
?x . .
i & ? zszazzmsssssi 5
space recently occupied hy the hill;
the hill was nearly level; the lake
had fallen some 50 feet, and the wall
of the lake formed by the hill was falling
in at frequent Intervals. The outline
of ths lake at this time was as iu
The lava In the lake coutiuued to
fall steadily, at the rate or about d)
feet an hour from 10 o'clock iu the
morning uutil S in the evening. At
11 a. m. the area formerly occupied
by the hill, marked A.A.A. in
the diagram, began to sink bodily,
leaving a clean line of fracture; the
line of this area, maked B.B.B , was
continuously leaning over and falling
into the lake. From about 12 until S
in the evening there was scarcely a
moment when the crash of the falling
banks was not going on. As the level
of the lake sank, the greater and
greater height of the banks caused a
constantly increasing commotion In
the lake as the banks struck
the surface of the molten lava
in their fall. A number of times a
section of the bank from 200 to 500
feet long, 150 to 200 feet high, and 20
to 30 feet thick would split off from the
adjoining rocks, and with a
ous roar, amid a blinding cloud of
steam, smoke and dust, fall with an
appalling down plunge into the boiling
lake, causing great waves and
breakers of lire to dash into the air,
and a mighty "ground swell" to sweep
tht ke : dashing against the
VULfUClkV line alUllU uuuu
a lee shore. Jlost ol the tailing rocus
were immediately swallowea up by
the lake, but when one of the great
downfalls referred to occurred, it
would not immediately sink, but
would float oil" across the lake, a great
floating island of rocK. At about 3
itj approximately 30 feet in diameter,
rose up to an elevation of from 5 to 10
' feet above the surface of the lake, the
' molten lava streaming otTof its sur-
' face, quickly cooling and looking like
' a sreat rose colored robe, changing to
! black. These two islands, in the course
i of an hour, Moated out to the center
and tben to the opposite bank. At S
I in the evening they had changed their
eloAf. 'JLe, iDZer,
appearance but slightly. They had
disappeared the next morning.
About noon the falling lava disclosed
the fact that the small extension
at the right of the lake was only
about 0 feet deep, and it was soon
left high and diy, simply a great shelf
in the bank, high up above the surface
of the lake. As the lava fell,
most of the surrrounding banks were
seen to be slightlj overhanging, and
as the lateral support of the molten
lava was withdrawn, great slices of
the overhanging banks on all sides of
the lake would suddenly split off and
fall into the lake beneath.
As these falls took place the exposed
surface, sometimes 100 feet across
and upwards, would be left redhot,
the break, evidently having taken
place on the line of a beat-crack which
had extended down into the lake.
About C o'clock the falling bank adjacent
to the hill worked back into a
territory which, below 50 feet from
the surface, was ail hot and in a semi-molten
condition. From G to S o'clock
the entire face of this bluff, some 00
feet in length and over 200 feet in
height, was a shifting mass of color,
varying from the intense light of molten
lava to all the varying shades of
rose and red to black, as the different
portions were successively exposed by
a fall ot rocic ana then cooled by
exposure to the air. During this
period the crash of the fall
ing banks was incessant Sometimes
a great mass would fall forward
like a wall ; at others It would
simply collapse and slide down making
red hot fiery land slides; and again
enormous boulders, as big as a house,
singly and in groups, would leap from
their fastenings and, all aglow, cbase
each other down and leap far out into
The awful grandeur and terrible
magnificence of the scene at this
stage are indescribable. As night
came on, and yet hotter recesses were
uncovered, the molten lava which remained
in the many caverns leading
off through the banks to other portions
of the crater, began to run back
and fall down into the lake beneath,
making fiery cascades down the sides
of the bluff. There were five such lava
streams at one time.
The light from the surface of the
lake, the redhot walls and the molten
streams lighted up the entire area,
bringing out every detail with the utmost
distinctness, and lighted up a
tall column ol dust and smoke wnicn
oFca tin Tlnrinf tTin antlfu
uiuv otiuinUi up. tuiiuk bat bUhiiG
U. I the, lake, a red-hot crack from 3 to 6 1 period of the subsidence the lava
feet' wide was found surrounding the I tains upon the surface of the lake con-
WSi ; "I ' "3"T
, -C- - f
VOL. XXIX.. XO. 59. soxoLmr. h. i., tuesdax, jtjlv 24. iso4. TIOLE 20. 1570.
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE CO.. (Liiaiied,)
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PA XX LE IX xorsxcs.
farficn In Jkdi aw
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H. M. WKITKEY, Business Manager
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OSce. No- Xorefeasl Sceef
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
J" lwj IE i 1 IT
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use no k xt scet. :
WTLTT A M C. PARKE.
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-K-. R. CASTXE,
ixi X.---T Aawfc intfce t
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Attorney and Counselor At Law.
UFFICS SUit Sl.
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C. U. II.40.L..V SOA.
Ijcrttrj ird Etaljn is Hiriwir.
W W HiU ?rwtiil d Xi
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Tit ii T W JHrect
1W Oerser Ton isii Kisc S: t
T.j.to'rxrr. ex. cvmxi.
LEWEKS Jt COO UK.
SicceiwT to Litiu ifcajos.
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Pirca'r x.nstie ;:d u Ship.' Bclt
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UiJO&TEa A39 3EALZ2 IK GS5ZEAI
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J. H. WiilTJiY, S. D., 3. D. S
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JSceis 3twi",Ejci,erser Hostlid Fcri
1 y irt icuw. Hotel et-
WILLIAM 0. SMITH,
vi Fi Street, EcsoJilx.
E. G. HITCHCOCK,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
OSee i EILO, HAWAII.
a E. Wn.I.IAMS,
us 3ti;t rs -
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iT. S. GKXJfBA'ElI CO-
Greal STerc'haTidtte &sd Cosiiniraloa
36 Sfercliaats.HogcInl'a.H.I. T
si. s. grinraum; & co
Ha. 2U Frist Street. Sts Fnsciito, Cal.
Poet 02cc Bc iO.
HAWAIIAN WINE CO.
rSAXK BKOWX, Haaaser.
S iad Xereiiat Street - E. I.
XS. W. F. ALLElt,
xs orricx oveb kesebs. biseof
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irrtti.izJ. ievtU be ylue4 te irttdtv:j
If. E. JleWTYKE A: HBO.
GrterT, Tttc. Sirre asi 3iJuzj.
Coraer Eisr aai Fort Sceeu.
1 BMOialT. E. I. T
THE WTSTERXAKD HAWAHAIf
3oee7 leased JerJesEO. con period;,
ON APPROVED SECURITY.
Api-Jj te TV. W. EALL,
1 sOSre BeiTer Elttt. Forr St. t
TriLDER fc CO.,
Lsrsier.Jaistj.Oili, 5aHi, Salt 4 Eiildirg
ISM Kateriali cf eTery
(FsierJr it B. F. BoiW i Co.)
Wholesale and Retail Crocer,
III Street, ssdrEircT EiH.
Fvsily, Flismies. aid Far-! Sterw
at jiert rsace. ynr Geod; by eiejj
fteaser. Order :rs the ether liUrci
DB. E. "ft. ASDEBSOS.
DBS. AXDEBSON & LTTXDY
Hotel SL, opp.Dr.J.S.McGreyr'
CROWNED WITH SUCGES3.
Tie Oahn Railroad Will Be Extended
as Far as Kahufai.
A very chet?riog bit of news arrived
this morning by the Warn-moo.
It is to the effect that'B. F.
Dillingham's efforts to raise money
for the extensiou of the Oahu Kail-road
have been crotrned with success.
The money will be forth
coming, ine nrst cargo ot material
will arrive here in October and
then work will be pushed until the
road reaches Kahuku.
W. H. Xelson, who is in the drag
business st Kingville, Ho., has so
ran eh confidence in Chamberlain's
Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea
Bemedy that he warrants every bottle
and offers to refund the money to
stir rnstnrnpr whn iq nnt EsHsfifv?
, af xising it. Mr. kelson takes no
riss in aomg tms oecause tne
remedy is a certain cure for the
diseases for which it is intended and
he knows it. It is for sale by all
Dealers, Brssox, Sioth & Co., Agents
ikiraci aod Title to.
iSi AtEKCVN"r 6X.
VT. E. Casti - Sreaiy
J. f . Broxa. TreiKirtri Hi2a;sr
W. V. Frir Acdiwr
Tais Cos:?2? prepared to sssri:
rtcords asd fcrsiih abstracts ct title to
Ii real property o tie Kiristicsi.
Partisa placag ioassca.or coatsraplst
tsg tir purchase ot real estate irill Cad It
to their adTastage to constat the eorspazy
is regard to title.
JEST" All orders attested
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Tsz Futoci Tocatsr Earn er tsx Waain.
IN CO"ECTIOX WITH THE CAN
SHTP LIN"E, TICKETS ABE
To An. Poryrs et T3r UXTTED STATES
isu CAXADA. rix VicrosiA act
Glacier, ilonzt Stephen ard
kK MII HI. I.l.l
Tieiets to all poisti is Japas, Chiss, Icdis
asd arosd the world.
ST For Tickets asd Geseral Isf orrsaticn
THE0. H. DAVIES & C0V
Arents Casadiac Pacif e Bailvar acd
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BISHOP & COHPAirr.
ESTASIiISTTKP X3T 1D5B
DSAW 2XCBA5GE o:
TficBsterciUFeRxu. sis feiscisco
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Sew Tork, Chieaso, Bctton, ParU
BE5SES. H 8. tCTKCHIUI I SCS. LCtTCGS
The Ceeirial Co. cT Sjsey,
is Lozdss, asd S;daey.
Tie Bast of Xeir ZttiizA ic Khlisd,
CiriiicfcErtk. Dssedfs asd WelBstes.
The EoExtor aod Skas&x! Baotlrr Cr-
jonties is Boodoa: td Shissiui. Cblti;
asd Teiefcmr. Eioco. asd KrrutiJ, Jipia.
cocTer. iaiirj, asd WeitsanisMr. B. C; xod
Asd the Aasm aad JUdein. Iilasdi.
MISS D. LAMB
Ocr of i. A. Hagocc, Merchact street
sear the PostoSce. 1341-y.
&3a Wafer Weife Ctanpanj, Limited
HOLLISTEK & CO.,
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The Daily Ai veetiseb is deliver-
ed by earners for to cents a month,
2in2 up Telephones S3. Ifow
the time to Eubpcrib)
Lava Formations Produced to Order
by Manager Lee.
STILL ACTIVE AXD AGADf RISLN'B.
An Account of the Kcnt Grat
by L. A. Thnntou Ketl.hot
Cracking VTaUs, Floating
Itlanil of Stonr arrovr Escape.
The great lava lake in Kilauea has
been steadily rising since the last
great breakdown of the floor of the
crater in STarch, 1S91, when an area
- : ?
25CO feet long by 2CC0 feet wide fell iu
one night a distance of over 500 feet.
The rising and overflowing of the
lake filled this pit last fall. Since
that time the activitv of the lake has
overflows of liquid lava having taken
place in a single day, and the walls
surrounding the lake have been rapid-'
ly raised by continued overflows.
Accurate measurements of the lake
were made by Mr. F. E. Dodge of the
tlnued in action, precisely as though
nothing unusual was taklug place.
Although the action upon the face of
the subsiding area was so terrific, that
upon the portion between (he falling
face and the outer lino of fracture was
so gradual that an active man could
have stood on almost any portion of It
without Injury. Enormous cracks 20
a 1 I
to 30 feet deep, and from 5 to 10 feet
wide, opened in all directions unon its
surface, and the subsidence was more
rapid in some spots than in others,
but in almost all cases the progress
of the action was gradual, although
the shattered and chaotic appearance
of the rocks made it look as though
nothing but a tremendous convulsion
could have brought it about
Another noticeable incident was the
almost entire absence of sulphurous
vapors, no difficulty in breathing being
experienced directly to leeward of the
At S o'clock p. m., when the party
left the lake, its profile was approximately
as shown iu figure 4.
At 9 o'clock the next morning the
lake was found to have sunk some 20
feet more ; the banks at tho right and
left of the subsiding area, which had
been the chief poiuts of observation
tho day before had disappeared into
the lake for distances varying from
25 to 100 feet back from the former
edge, and the lower half of the debris
slope had been swallowed up in the
lake, disclosing the original smooth
black wall of the lake beneath at a
considerable overhanging angle,
the profile of the lake approximately
as in figure 5.
At the level of the lake and half-filled
by it was a great cavern extending
in a southeasterly direction from
the lake. The dimensions were ap
parently 75 feet across and 15 feet
from the surface of the lake to the
roof of the cave. It could be seen
into from the opposite bank for about
50 feet This may have been the
duct through which the lava had
FfG 5 fn k
- --- .: k
been drained, although it manifestly
was not at the bottom of the lake, for
up to July 16th, that had continued
to rise and fall from 5 to 10 feet a dav.
and constantly threw up fountains,
somewhat more actively than before
its subsidence. The entire area of
subsidence is estimated to be a little
less thau eight acres, about one-half
of which fell into the lake.
While the break-down was takiug
place there were many slight tremors
of the banks, generally resulting in
the precipitate retreat of the observers
from the edge, but although the
danger was great the spectacle was so
grand and fascinating that the party
returned again and again to watch it.
At the Volcano House two slight
earthquakes were felt on the afternoon
of the 11th and one vigorous one
at 2 a. jr. on the 12th. During the
week several slight shocks were felt
in tne town ot jaiio, thirty miles
away, although none were felt at Olaa
half-way between, nor at Kapapala,
fifteen miles in the opposite direction,
although the latter is a place peculiarly
susceptible to earthquakes.
This is believed to be the first breakdown
taking place in Kilauea in the
presence of ol servers, those prior to
1S6S being before the establishment of
the Volcano House, and those of 1S6S,
1SS6, and 1S91 and several minor ones,
all having taken place at night when
no one was present.
AN INCENDIARY ARRESTED.
H. H. Plemmer Accused of Burning
In the Maui letter.which appears
in another column, is the bare
mention of the arrest of Keliikipi,
a native, for being concerned in the
recent fires at YVailuku. He i3
said to have made a confession, implicating
a "well-known foreigner."
.Marshal Hitchcock, who returned
from Maui on the Claudine
yesterday, waB in Wailuku on this
business. It seems that the foreigner
mentioned is H. II.
who was luna of Wailuku
plantation under R. D. Walbridge.
He was discharged when C. B.
Wells was appointed manager. Keliikipi
is said to have acknowledged
that be set fire to the plantation
office, but claims that it was at the
instigation of Pfemmer, who wanted
to be revenged for his discharge.
Plemmer was arrested at
where he had gone at the
fir3t alarm. His trial will come up
Keep roar friends abroad posted
on Hawaiian affaira by sending
them copies of the HAWAIIAN