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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, September 10, 1895, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1895-09-10/ed-1/seq-2/

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?f. HAWAnAN gAZBTQEB; TUESDAY. S.BPTEALBER 10,
I ;:
t (
E6 .
SEVEN CASESWITH FIVE DEATHS.
"The Cholera Record Up to a Late
Hour Last Night
HAWAIIAN CHILUKKN ATTACKED.
Cholrra Victim Will Be Burled t
Cltjr to Be Dllded lato
Quarantine Dlitrlet Radical
Deemed
(From SatcrdaT's Daiiv.)
Cases reported yesterday .
Previously reported.- 41
Total 45
Deaths previously reported 32
Deaths to midnight ........ 5
Tot&l 3"
Seven new cases were reported yesterday
cp to 6 o'clock. There were
five deaths during the day. No new
eases were reported between, 6 o'clock
and midnight.
situation at sundown.
The situation up to sundown yesterday
was not very encouraging.
Following is the list of cases :
Kalaha, resident of Xanmakapili,
taken sick at 1 a. m. Dead when reported
at 5:10 a. m.
Kalamau(w), resident of
taken sick September 4th and reported
6 M a. rn., September 6th.
X.uukia, girl nv6 years oia, resiaent
of Kapalama, taken sick and reported
fc30a.ro.
IiIKabeka, girl four years old, taken
sick at 6 and reported at 6:30 a. m.
FT.rvt, girl fire years old, taken
sick at 6 and reported at 6:30 a. m.
IiAHApa (w), inmate of lunalilo
Home, taken sick at 6, reported at S
a. m., and died at 3:4-5 p. m.
Haoka w), inmate of Lunalilo
Home, taken sick at 6 .'preliminary
diarrhoea since September 4th) and
reported at S a. m.
Kalama was taken from a nest of
dirtv hones on the Ewa side of Kau-
znakapili church. Persons who were
called to the vicinity for the man
were forced to go through a network
of alleys and dark places.
Kalama, a native woman and
three children, Luukia, Ukapeka
and Elena were taken from the same
house at Kapalama, just makai of the
tramway terminus, ffhere have been
eight cases from that vicinity.
Eahapa and Haoka from
Home developed cholera without
doubt. The other case was somewhat
uncertain.
DEATHS AT HOSPITAL.
Keluia (w), resident of Kapuukolo,
died at 53 a, m., Sept. 6th. Was
taken to the hospital 9 a. m., Sept.
5th.
Poxo iw), resident of Kapalama,
died in great Agony at 4:30 a. m.,
Sept. 6th. Was taken to the hospital
at 8:15 a. m., Sept, oth.
Kalua-KINI (w), resident of vicin
ity of .Mormon Church, died 1:45 p.
m., Sept. 6th. Was reported at-S:45
a. m., Sept. 5th.
THE B0AKD OF HEALTH.
A public meeting of tbe Board of
Health was held yesterday afternoon
at 3 o'clock, with President Smith in
tbe chair.
There were present the following:
Ministers King, Hatch and Damon,
Drs. Day, Wood, JEmerson, Howard,
Cooper," McGrew, Grossman and
Nicuols, Messrs. D. L. Xaone, A. W.
Carter, J. H. Soper, W. M. Graham,
Oscar White, J. B. Atherton, George
H. Smithie?, W. M. Giflard, Clarence
Macfarlane, Fred Macfarlane, Mc-Candless,
Camara, Bufus Spalding, J.
iowrey, Swanzy, Ripley, J.
Henry Waterhouse, Keliipio,
G. H. Fairchild, Lansing, Reynolds,
Kna, Wight, Hackfeld, Gonsalves,
Sehaefer, Thurston, J. F. Blown,
J. A. Low, A. St M. Mackintosh,
Hosmer, A. M. Brown, W. C.
Achi, Kinney, J. Boyd, Wilcox and
others.
President Smith said that J. T.
Crawley had made examination of tbe
water at the new pumping plant at
tbe corner of Beretanla and Alapai
streets, and bad come to tbe conclusion
that "on treating tbe clear water
with sugar and exposing to light there
was a perceptible fangoid growth and
milky appearance with twenty hours.
"There is nothing notable in the
mineral constitution, with the exception
of the rather high content of iron,
alumina and chlorine.
"Tbe amount of free and albuminoid
ammonia, considering the high content
of chlorine, would make this a
suspicious water If it were from a surface
well, but being from a deep artesian
source It leads to the conclusion
that the organic matter may be from
a vegetable source aud therefore not
injurious. In view of the present
epidemic threatening the city I cannot
too strongly impress the necessity
of boiling this water and filtering,
when possible, before use. Dr. Lyons
has already pointed out the fact in a
previous report on some of the city
waters, that water containing organic
matter contains the food upon which
the germs of pathogenic bacteria feed,
and would furnish a proper culture
medium for these germs. Dorintr
contagious or infections diseases this
water should be boiled, and never
used after long standing. Even in
ordinary times filtration through a
porous filter would be an advantage,
inasmuch as much of tbe organic
matter would become oxydized into
Harmless products during tbe process."
President bmlth called lor a report "
of the committee appointed to search j
for a suitable cholera burying ground, j
Minister Damon said that George '
w. amuo, j. a. Jictanaiesa ana
himself bad gone down on the railroad
during the morning in search of
a spot suitable for burying purposes.
Went to various places along the line
of tbe railroad and took men along
with them to dig in what might appear
to be suitable places. Several
localities were picked out, but in all of
of these it was found that tbe earth
was not of sufficient depth. Just this
side of the bill overlooking Halawa '
was found a good spot. It was decided
to recommend this to the Board as a
cholera burial place. Mr. Smith had
given It as his opinion that the makai
side of the road be chosen. The spot
was free from drainage into any
stream and was perfectly isolated.
President Smith asked if this place
could be used as a permanent burying
ground. Was there enough room?
Minister Damon answered that
there was probably not enough room
for that purpose, but certainly there
was enough for present emergencies.
Choice of the spot had been decided
on from Mr. Smith's recommendation.
He had handled the subject
gentlv and well.
George Smith said he had chosen
the spot on account of the great depth
of soil and the fact that It was not
anywhere near any source of water
supply.
For the benefit of those not present
on the previous day, President Smith
detailed the mode of burial carried out
in the cases of the cholera patients.
Dr. McGrew wanted to know how
near the public road was the spot
picked out by the committee.
Geo. Smith said it was near the top
of the hill overlooking Halawa. It
remained with the Board of Health
how near the road the burying ground
should be placed. Perhaps from 25 to
150 yards would do.
President Smith said there had been
great difficulty in choosing a spot
near town on account of unfavorable
conditions of rock such as limestone
and coral together with the additional
dmeerons substance, water.
Thought Makiki cemetery was the
safest'place.
Geo. Smith "Xo sir, it is not
safe."
President Smith said there had been
a difference of opinion on that point.
It was thought best to adopt the report
of the committee and proceed
with the digging of the trenches at
the place named for burial of the dead.
It would be necessary to exhume the
bodies alreadv buried on the slope of
Punchbowl. Mr. Smith thought it
would be a long distance to travel to
the burying ground.
Geo. Smith said there was a good
road all the way.
Dr. Emerson moved for the adoption
of the committee's recommenda
tion. Carried unanimously.
President Smith had a few words
to say on tbe subject of the cholera.
The Board of Health and doctors had
done all in their power to fight the
disease. It was a fact worthy of notice
that in all the districts that had
been quarantined, with the exception
of two or three places, no cases had
appeared within three days after commencement
nf quarantine. In tbe
case of tbe exceptions mentioned it
was probable that tbe cases developed
within the three days belonged
to the first batch of cases which had
appeared in tbose districts. The
quarantined district was
mentioned as very dangerous. At
Kapuukolo &3 people had been quarantined
on account of tbe cases which
developed In their midst. ISo cases
had been developed since that time.
This was certainly due to the strict
measures which had been taken. The
matter of quarantining tbe whole
city had been under consideration for
some time. In case this should result
every house from Makiki to Kalihi
should underco rigid inspection twice
every day. The removal of sick, supplying
of food to the needy,
of premises and burning
of houses in necessary cases
should be arranged for immedi
ately. It was thought in this manner
cholera could be stamped out in a
very few days. An early date should
be taken for the organization of a
movement in this direction. The
city should be divided into districts
and subdlstricts. No harshness should,
be used, but Instead gentleness should
be employed on all occasions. Every
house, hamlet and hut should be examined.
The disease may be dormant
for a short space of time. It
might be thought altogether stamped
out wnen suoaeniy iwo or tnree cases
might turn up. The disease may become
epidemic Business interests
would suffer materially. There
should be no delay of action. Measures
taken should be speedy and
effective. Now was tbe time to act.
Mr. Smith spoke of the concealment
of cases as an old matter and referred
to the smallpox epidemic of
twelve or thirteen years ago during
which times cases were
hidden frequently. If a sentiment
of politics entered into the mat
ter at all It was to a very slight degree
It was thought that quarantine
would be a very great economy
in tbe end. The people in need
should be fully supplied with necessary
food. Tne matter of quarantining
the whole city would require
the time aud strength of several
hundred men lor the space of from
two to five days.
Dr. Day thought tbe matter of
quarantining the city to be the most
effective for stamping out the disease.
Tbe cases that were allowed to
run for soma time were most dangerous.
The history of the epidemic
could be traced to that cause. Assuming
that tbe man on the Belgic
was sincKeu wun cuoiera. nis
charges may have been and verv j
probably were, thrown into the
bor. Wben he was seen no cholera .
symptoms seemed to be present He I
was taken to the quarantine station ,
and again his discharges were i
tainlv communicated to the harbor.
There was a direct cause of contamination.
Lono who was taken sick
with cholera and fled up Nuuanu
Valley, was ill for Eome time. Tbe
water supply of Nuuanu Valley may
have been contaminated . It was absolutely
necessary to take the disease
in its earliest stages IX it was to be
effectually stopped.
President Smith asked Dr. Wood
about tbe cases at Lunalilo Home.
Hod heard fish had been eaten.
Dr. Wood said the direct cause of
cholera at tbe Home could not be
determined. The twrsnns taben sirt
had been within the limits of thf
place since the beginning of the
demlc The first suspect was taken
sick Friday night Excessive
rncea was developed. This was very
common with old people. In fact
deaths occurred often among the aged
from that very cause. No traces of on
cholera seemed evident Next day to
another man was taken with what
appeared to be the came disease. Not
until toward the end did the character
the discharge show anything like
cholera. Even then it was not a typi
cal case. This man died before the
first A woman was taken ill j
day. At first there was no vomiting
orpurging. Tbe symptoms changed
and appearances were those of
cholera, but not so decided as in tbe
case ol another woman, who was
stricken about the same time. It was
found upon examination that raw fish
had been eaten last Friday morning
before the fact that it had been prohibited
was generally known. Three
packages of dried fish were found in a
closet of the room occupied by one of
the old women. Every precaution
with respect to the thorough
of Lunalilo Home had been taken.
Most everything suspicious had been
burned. All the cases spoken of had
been treated as cholera. It was
thought by Dr. Wood that all those
who were taken sick had contracted
the disease at the same time.
Dr. Wood thought if all cases could
be found and discharges prevented
from getting into water, the disease
could be stamped out In a very short
time. The quarantine scheme was
thought to be anexcellent one. The
only question in the way was whether
it could be carried out effectually.
President Smith spoke of the
cases and said that the matter of
quarantining the valleys eenerally
had been taken In hand. Bona fide
residents were glad to co-operate with
agents of the Board of Health to keep
people from Honolulu gaining acoass.
People in the valleys were dependent
on surface water." Tbe matter of
quarantining the whole city should be
carefully considered and carried out
effectively with as little hardship 83
possible to people. It was believed
by some people that if tbe quarantine
were placed on the city Sunday morning,
the city would be free from cholera
by the following Saturday night,
T. F. Lansing wished to know If the
intention was to close up business
houses.
President Smith answered that the
quarantining process would certainly
take away a great many employees
from business houses, which would be
a serious hindrance. Was there not a
great hindrance already? Would it
not be better to introduce measures
for tbe total suppression of cholera
than to have it linger on?
Dr. Emerson thought the plan of
quarantining the city an excellent
one. It was none too early to start
He preferred to have the word "inspection"
used instead of "quarantine."
While the same thing was
meant still the latter might be a misnomer.
Ii. A. Thurston was of the opinion
that such a quarantine as had been
suggested could be carried out Undoubtedly
a great many people would
volunteer for the work. He then
spoke of tbe quarantine which had
just been established on Nuuanu
valley. Tbe whole had been
divid'ed into seven districts and
inspector with assistants placed
over each. A census of the valley had
been taKen and every man, woman
and child recorded. People entered
heartily into co-operation with the
inspectors and wished to give every
aid they could. A very heavy ex
pense and a great deal ol nardsnlp
would be incurred by holding people
in their houses. A house to house inspection
could be carried out very
easily.
C.'L. Wight thought the quarantining
measure was necessary, but
jailed to fee bow the thing could be
carried out People with telephones
were usually intelligent, and an inspection
of their premises would be
hardly necessary. Those without
should be inspected. The
Citizens' Guard could be assigned that
duty along with others.
T. F. Lansing said the Citizens'
Guard would have very little effect
upon Hawaiian.?.
President Smith thought tbe quarantine
plan not only feasible, but absolutely
necessary. House to house
visitation should be tbe plan. Discrimination
would not do. Every
house should be inspected without
respect to race or color. Discrimination
would have a bad effect upon tbe
natives.
A. W. Carter advised taking a large
map and subdividing tbe city. A
bead for each district should be appointed,
and tbe responsibility of
making examinations entrusted to
him. The organization should be
complete before making the least
start.
President Smith said that in tbe
case of a person becoming ill on the
street he would have to go to some
house and would be found by tbe inspector
upon his rounds. No case
could be concealed. The plan of quar
antine suggested could be carried out
without noise or fuss. It had been
done in the valleys and there was no
reason it should not be done in the
city. Mr. Smith did not believe in
detailing the Citizens' Guard for duty.
A political significance might be attributed
to such action and that above
all other things should be avoided.
Again, there were men in the organization
who would not be suited for the
purpose aimed at
S. Decker said he had seen dried
fish sold near the fish market Had
understood that such sale had been
forbidden.
President Smith said it had been
forbicden but it was not possible to
reach every case. Tbe plan of quar
antining the city would do away with
any danger from such sources since
tbe during the day would
develope what ouebt and what oucht
not to be.
J. N. Wright said that all food to be
eaten should be examined by the inspectors.
Told of bow natives had
been fishing along by the new beach
road Thursday. Should be punished
for disobeying the laws.
Tbe word "punish" Introduced by
Mr. Wright was heartily disliked by
many present at the meeting. "They
should not be punished," said a prominent
doctor.
G. W. Smith thought every citizen
should be given the authority to con
fiscate suspicious food such as raw fish.
President Smith was of the opinion
that the work should be done by citi
zens. Some of tne men wno bad already
been hired by the Board and
placed in important places were found
absent wben their posts of duty were
visited. Such action was discouraging. a
Dependence could not be placed
all hired men. It would be better
have volunteers from the citizens.
Rev. D. P. Birnie made a motion
that the movement be a "citizen's
movement" and that the sense of tbe
meeting regarding It, be taken.
Professor Hosmer asked if, in case
food were taken away from iiawai
inns by an inspector, could he assure
? ff.4r , ," - ..
il-i-i-
them that something would be substituted
in its place.
President Smith thought food would
be supplied them. The matter would
come up in the organization of the
movement
F. M. Swanzy wished to call attention
to the remarks of Mr. Lansingon
the quarantine movement Thought
they fitted the case. People conversant
with Hawaiian language and
methods should be the ones to go
among the natives. Foreigners, even
though they might be conversant
with the Hawaiian language, could
not accomplish the results which
could be gained by the Hawalians
themselves. Let the latter go among
their people and tell them that It was
not necessary to pick up their food
along the seashore, and that it
was not necessary to wear the
cast-off clothing of those who had
died from cholera. Necessary articles
would be furnished them free of
charge. The foreign citizens were
willing to lend all aid possible. The
natives should be taken care of.
President Smith thought the matter
of advice would not have very
much effect Native papers had
printed instructions from day to day,
anu yet me carelessness continued.
House to house inspection was the
only method.
W. A. Kinney thought the movement
a good one. The city should be
locked up and house to house visitation
inaugurated. The matter of personal
Inconvenience was the only
tmng standing in tne way.
President Smith put the motion to
institute a citizens' volunteer movement
for the purpose of house tohouse
visitation. Unanimously carried.
G. W. Smith moved for the appointment
of a central committee.
Carried.
G. W. Smith, A. W. Carter and L.
A. Thurston were appointed to assist
the Board in appointing a committee.
Requested to report at a meeting in
the evening.
General meeting adjourned.
SECOND MEETING HELD.
Immediately after tbe general meeting
another of the Board of Health
was held to transact routine matters.
The matter of lifting quarantine in
several localities was considered.
It was decided to delay a short time
in lifting tbe quarantine on the house
on Fort street opposite Kukui lane. A
bad case of diarrhoea had developed.
The quarantine on the locality at
the foot of Vineyard street and on
Liliha above School will be lifted
today.
It was suggested and approved of by
the Board that the portion of the
house over the stagnant pool on King
street in the vicinity of the railway
depot, be destroyed. After that the
remainder of the place will be disinfected
and tbe quarantine raised.
The following committees were appointed:
General Committee. Board of
Health.
Hospitals and Burials. Drs. Wood,
Herbert and Myers.
Disinfection. Drs. Day and Cooper,
and J. T. Waterhouse.
Permits. Henry Waterhouse and
L D. Keliipio.
Sanitary Committee. Dr. Emerson,
T. F. Lansing and F. S. Dodge.
BOAED A"D COMMITTEE.
At 7:10 p. m. the Board of Health
met in conference with the committee
appointed at the afternoon session to
make preliminary preparations for
quarantining the city.
There were present President
Smith, Dr. Wood, J. T. Waterhouse,
L. A. Thurston, Dr. Smith, John
Nott, J. McChesney, C. L. Hopkins,
Marshal Brown, John Colburn, S.
Decker, Captain Camara, C. Hustace,
Jr., 0. Conrad, J. H. Fi3ber, A. G. M.
Robertson, Ed Towse, Paul Smith,
Drs. Herbert, Day and Emerson,
George W. Smith. A. W. Carter, Minister
Hatch, W. E. Weedon and T. F.
Lansing.
L. A. Thurston reported for the
committee on subdivision of the city
into districts for house to house visitation.
Following was the report:
W. O. Smith, President Board of
Health.
Sik: Your committee, to whom
was referred the matter of recommending
to the Board a central committee
to take in charge the subdivision
of the city into districts for the
purpose of bouse to house visitation,
and examination of requirements for
relief, have given the matter consideration.
Tbe committee sbonld be large
enough to be representative, and at
the same time not so large as to be
Your committee recommend nine
as a good number.
The committe should consist of men
who for tbe next few days can give
their entire time to the subject, and
who have had eome experience in district
organizing.
With this object in view, your committee
recommend the following persons
to form euch committee, viz.:
W. A. Kinney, A. W. Carter, G. W.
Smith, J. F. Colburn, S. K. Kane. F.
B. McStocker, John E. Bush, L. A.
Thurston, E. C. Macfarlane. Respectfully
submitted. L. A. Thurston,
chairman committee.
G. W. Smith suggested that each
district .manager nave mteen men
under him to have charge of as many
sub-divisions of his district
Tha (Antral committee will have
Charge of subdividing general districts.
Houses to be inspected once or twice
daily, quality of food examined into,
and wants supplied.
It will be the duty of tbe inspectors
to:
First See who is sick.
Second Examine into tbe sanitary
condition of various homes.
Third See about the matter oKliet.
Fourth See where discharges are
thrown.
Dr. Wood emphasized tbe import
ance ot seeing wnere discharges
were thrown.
A motion to have the committee
of ten members was carried.
aud C. L- Hopkins added to tbe list
presented by tne committee.
Several years ago I was taken with
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H0LLI3TEE DRUG COMPANY
Agents for Hawaiian Islands.,
T. iXEXjLSDEB. h. p. BALrmcr.
2
ALEXANDER BALDWIN,
Commission Merchants
"So. 3 California st., San Francieco. H.
gj Island orders promptly filled.
T I MOD
UNITED,
IMPORTERS,
hardware
GENERAL
Merchandise
We wish to call your attention to a line
of Goods just received from
EneUnd, such as
"WTLIiOW, BTJSH
AND MAJNIIiLA
Picnic and Sclool Baskets
Soiled Clothes Basket?,
Long and Short Handled Feather Dusters,
Hair Floor Brooms,
Whisk Brooms,
Shoe Brushes,
Pope's Head Brushes,
Scrubbing Brushes,
Horce Brushes,
Bird Cages, Bag Twine,
Ball Twine, Etc., Etc , Etc.
CASTLE &CO0E,id
IMPORTKKS.
Hardware "id General ilerchandha
G. WEST,
6IB1 MI
Importer anl Dealer la
Carriage Materials
Of Every Description, laclualnr
OAK, ASH, HICKORY AND
WHITE-WOOD LUMBER,
Spokes, all sizes; Savem Wheels,
Wood Hub Wheels, Sawed Felloes,
Bent Rims from 1 to 2 inches.
Dump-Cart Shafts, Wagon Poles,
Double Trees, Single Trees,
Wagon and Cart Hubs, all sizes,
AnJ a FaU Assortment of
Trimmers' Materials,
Carriage Hardware. Norway iron,
and Steel Tires. i
Having a long experience In the car
riage business I am prepared to supply
carriage builders, plantations, etc., witn
first-class materials, personally selected, at
the very lowest cash prices.
All Island orders will receive prompt
attention.
MASONIC BLOCK,
Cornen Alakea and Hotel Streets,
Telephone Ho. 3S0.
W. H. RICE, !
Stock Raiser and Dealeij
BREEDER OF
I fS Gill
From tbe Tborouthtrel
1
Stallion Nutwood, by.
Nutwood Jr.
Norman Stallion Captain Grant.
Native-Bred Stallion Boswell.
Also a Choice Lot of
I
BOLLS, COWS AND CALYES
From tbe Celecratel Bans j
Sussex, Hereford, Ayrshire & Durban.'
A Lot or I
Fine Saddle and CaniageHorses
FOR SALE.
PuiAii feioiy nils For Sole.;
Tourists and Excursion Parties desiring:
Single, Double or Teams or
Saddi Horses can be accommodated at WJ
Rice's Livery StaNes.
An cossufiicatioas to It aldressei to !
W. H. RICE, Lihue, Kauai!
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