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Egg3 sire quoted at five cents
More volunteer inspectors are
There are no limes or lemons in
Disinfect the water used by the
The infant child of Madame
Verleye died yesterday.
Consul Charle3 T. Wilder is act
ing as a volunteer inspector.
Kew blanks for the official cholera
reports were issued yesterday.
Native carpenters can secure
work by applying to the Board of
The work of mapping out the
city and numbering every house is
The Leilani and Myrtle boat
clubs have brought their boats back
from Pearl City training quarters.
Horsford's acid phosphate is a
good thing to use these times ; it i3
sold by the Hollister Drug Company.
The extensive tract of land back
of Oahu College has been suggested
as an admirable place for golf
The Government offices are
pretty well emptied at present.
Employees are doing duty for the
Board of Health.
Claims against the Government
for the month of May, if filed prior
to June 5tb, will be payable on
"Wednesday, September ISth.
Frank Godfrey was released from
the cholera hospital yesterday. He
was kept busy all day relating what
he saw, heard and felt while there.
Quite a number of persons are
fearing that they will not be able
to get away on the Alameda, due
here on the 19th from the Colonies.
The Citizens Sanitary Committee
earnestly requests reports of neglect
of duty by sub-inspectors, giving
name andlocality. All such will
be treatad confidentially.
The Salvation Army tent has
been placed in position on the old
Dudoit premises, corner Beretama
and Alakea streets. Services will
not be held for some time.
Parties desiring to spend a few
days at the beach should go to Sans
Souci. Excellent rooms and board.
A number of people are now domi
ciled at that popular resort.
The Roberts ozonotor is a germ
destroyer and is highly recom
mended as such; they are both
cheap and effective. For sale by
the Hawaiian Hardware Company.
George Houghtaling was arrested
again yesterday on the charge of
selling spirituous liquors without
license. This is the second time
he has been held to answer that
The band boys are making use
of their time by getting in a lot of
practice among themselves. They
will be fully prepared for serie3 of
excellent concerts when the cholera
epidemic is over.
The ambulance men have named
their cluster of tents on the Gov
ernment building grounds "Camp
Wayson," in recognition of the
kindness which Dr. D. W. VTayson
has shown them since their employment
in the present work.
The Salvation Army ha3 ceased
holding meetings in the hall over
John Nott'a store. They purchased
the large tent used by the
Rev. Garvin and will Epread it on
the vacant lot corner of Beretania
and Alakea. A number of the
Army members were engaged yesterday
in placing the frame work.
The tent will seat several hundred
people, and was used by Mr. Garvin
before he secured Harmony
The Japanese inspectors were out
in force yesterday. A wheelbarrow
containing three tubs of diluted
carbolic acid was carted through
the streets. Behind this followed
a train of inspectors carrying Email
watering pots. Japanese houses in
the city were visited and a supply
of disinfectant furnished the inmates.
Many questions regarding
the queer-looking outfit as it paraded
through the streets were asked
by various persons. '
Another meeting of the citizens
of Pearl City was held in Ewa
court houEe yesterday morning for
the purpose of modifying the stand
taken on the previous day with
respect to allowing trains from
Honolulu to go through Pearl City.
It had been decided to allow only
one more train to go through on
Tuesday morning until further
notice. This precaution. was taken
to assure the people of the place of
perfect freedom from the contamination
existing in certain parts of
the city of Honolulu.
The greatest size to which a horse
has been known to grow is 20 hands
high. This is the record of a Clydesdale
which was on' exhibition in England
COURSE OrHUUMU STREAM.
(Continued from pvye 1 1
10. Said superintendent, with the
aid ot his clerks, will sort out and
warehouse such goods and deliver a
receipt therefore to the master of tha
vessel discharging at the dock.
11. Steamers, whose crews have undergone
the quarantine required by
the Health authorities, will be allowed
access to said wharf for th9 purpose
of receiving freight and plantation
12. The consignee or owner of goods
stored upon said quarantined premises
will supply the superintendent with a
memorandum of sucb merchandise as
he may have disposed for the shipment
to plantation;, and shall further
supply said superintendent with the
name of the purchaser, mark and address,
as is customary.
13. The superintendent, with his
aids, will thereupon make record of
the transaction for account of said
owner or consignee, and will mark
and address such packages of supplies
as he may have been required eo to do.
Steamer receipts for all goods placed
on board will be taken by the superintendent
and banded to the owner.
14. AVben goods are required to be
delivered from the Pacific Mail dock to
the lakelike wharf, the latter wharf
will have guards stationed around
same to prevent shore communication.
15. Goods required for use in the
city may be delivered by the superintendent
on the Iiikelike wharf, and
there received by owner or his representative.
The owner will thereupon
receipt to a special delivery clerk in
attendance on said Iiikelike wharf.
APPROXIMATE COST OF PROPOSITION.
Thirty men at S2 per day S60
Three clerks and superintendent at
$5 per day 15
Provisions, per day, at 50 cents
each - 15
per day, or $2700 per month, to be
divided amongst the various plantation
agents, proportionately, as may
be agreed upon.
President Smith said the work
on the wharf had already begun,
and was nearly ready for the reception
of the men who would be employed
to work on the place. He
thought the proposition of the
Planters' Labor it Supply Company
a most excellent one.
Dr. Day thought the men who
intended to do the work on the
wharf should be quarantined before
allowing them to handle freight
from foreign vessels which would
be lauded there. It would be a
very serious matter if cholera
should break out among them
while freight was on the wharf.
President Smith read the following
petition from Japanese merchants
of the city :
TO THE PRESIDENT AD MEMBERS
OF THE BOARD OF HEALTH.
Gentlemen: We, the undersigned
Japanese merchants of Honolulu, respectfully
ask the Board of Health to
make such reasonable rules for the
landing and disinfecting of freight
from steamers coming to this port
from Japan a3 snail be sufficient to
prevent the Introduction of disease,
but, at the same time, not so stringent
as to be practically prohibitory.
(Signed by twenty-seven of the
most prominent Japanese business
bouses of the city.)
The following letter from A. G.
M. Robertson, as attorney for the
Japanese merchants who sent the
petition, was read by President
Referring to the enclosed petition,
the merchants composing the Japan
ese Commercial Union of Hawaii beg
to represent that the cutting off of
Japanese supplies in which they deal
works a great hardship on them and
their customers, and they beg to enlist
your assistance in their attempt to
secure a modification of the recent
rule adopted by the Board in regard to
Japanese imports They are anxious
to co operate with the Board in endeavoring
to prevent the introduction
of disease, and are willing to submit to
and assist in carrying out all reasonable
regulations as to quarantine, fumigation,
"They hope that the Board may see
its way clear to make such modification
in its regulations as will be satis
factory to an concerned.
The Japanese Com. Union of Hawaii,
by their attorney,
A. G. AT. Robertson.
President Smith said he had
called upon Consul Sbimizu to talk
on this very point. He had learned
that the Japanese did not wish to
convey the idea that they were
acting in hostility to the Board of
Health. They simply wanted to
see if it was not possible to make
some arrangement by which freight
from Japan could be landed, subject
to strict famigation and distributed
to the various consignees
in the city.
President Smith informed tho
Board that the plans for the disinfecting
plant were nearly completed.
A plant for disinfection of
cargoes irom loreign ports was one
of the most urgent needs of the
city. If freight from Japan could
be brought into the city in an absolutely
harmless condition, everything
should be pushed to attain
that result. He thought it a matter
of eTeat difficuty to handle
properly the great amount of
freight which would be brought on
steamers from Japanese ports. It
had been suggested by A. G. M.
Robertson that these steamers
come and remain in port for such a
length of time consistent with the
complete and thorough
of the freight.
President Smith said, in view of
the fact that the water of the city
had been considered infected, the
committee on quarantine had made '
GAZETTE: FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER 13, 1895
. . t
investigation into me matter ana
had a verbal report to present. It
had been suggested to make arrangements
to prevent tho water
from Nuuanu stream flowing into
Dr. Day, as a member of the
quarantine committee, said he had
visited the grounds in the vicinity
of the stream near its mouth yesterday.
Mud sewage and all kinds
of filth had been emptied into the
harbor. Nuuanu stream was a
source of danger whenever an epidemic
would arise, the contagion of
which is due to water. In regard
to the nature of the present contagion,
Pettenhofer had at one time
signified his contempt of the
cholera by swallowing water
which was infected with the
germs of the disease. He
asserted that certain soil conditions
were necessary to the development
of the germs. Dr. Day thought
Honolulu was a very favorable spot
for the cholera. If the harbor
could be kept clean, it should be
done at any price. It could be
protected by deflecting the present
course of the stream. It had been
proposed to build a retaining wall
along from a position near the old
fishmarket to another near the railroad
wharf, for the purpose of turning
the water of Nuuanu stream
over on to the flats near Iwilei. The
water could in this manner be distributed
over a large area of shallow
water. A lot of valuable land
would thus be left to the eastward.
The committee thought such improvement
should be carried out in
order to better the sanitary condition
of the city.
Dr. Day, in referring to the
of Nuuanu stream. Eaid
that 51 tons of acid sulphate of
soda had been emptied into the
stream at different points. After
sufficient time had been given for
the dissemination of the disinfectant,
tests were made to ascertain
the amount of acid at different
points. At King street bridge not
enough acid was found to turn
litmus paper. Farther up the
stream there was a sufficient
amount to kill the fish and crabs.
L. A. Thurston Eaid he did not
wish to differ from the findings of
the committee as suggested by Dr.
Day. He had given a great deal of
attention to the matter himself, and
was prepared to make a few remarks
on the subject. There were
two distinct branches to the report
of the committee, the sanitary and
the engineering. In regard to the
first, he could not see what the
matter of a few hundred yards difference
in the emptying place of
Nuuanu stream would benefit.
What was there to prevent infection
just as before? There would
be more danger from the stream by
having it deflected in the manner
proposed by the committee than in
allowing it to remain as at present.
A great many persons were in the
habit of fishing in the Iwilei district,
over which it was proposed to
let the water from Nuuanu stream
flow. Formerly quantities of fish
and shrimps were sent to the fish-market
from that place. It would
be the same in the future, and to
allow such water a3 flowed from
Nuuanu stream to go to that place
would be absolutely dangerous. In
regard to the engineering part of
the plan, Mr. Kluegel, a gentleman
well versed in engineering subjects,
was of the opinion that water could
hardly be made to run over the
course proposed on account of the
bottom of the stream being so low.
Dr. Emerson had been with the
committee part of the time, but
was not a member. He felt a great
deal as Mr. Thurston did about the
matter. It would be well before
proceeding to ascertain the relative
salinity of the water. The water
from Nuuanu stream would have
to reach the harbor Eome time, and
the sooner ine better. Uy coming
into the large body of water of the
harbor the water from the stream
would be cleansed. He had no decided
opinion. He merely wished
to offer a fevr suggestions.
Minister Damon, speaking on the
subject of allowing the stream to
flow along it3 regular course, said
the causeway built some time ago
by the Oahu railway had interfered
with the course. The water would
flow naturally if it were not for the
President Smith said that although
the question resolved itself
into two branches, it dealt more
purely with the Eanitary.
L. A. Thurston believed the natural
course of the stream was as at
present run. He could not see any
advantage to be gained by the plan
President Smith : ''Your idea is,
then, to leave it as it is?"
L. A. Thurston : "Yes, sir."
Dr. Day, in speaking of the disease
germs, said there was not
much difference in the density of
the water in the different parts of
the harbor. The danger was along
the water's edge. If the water of
the harbor could be kept clean,
there would not be very much:
question of checking the disease.
This could not be sure with a con
taminated water's edge. He doubt-
ed the feasibility of deflecting the
course of the stream. Tho current
would be toward Iwilei. If the
east side was blocked up, whatever
flowed from the stream would go to
Dr. Emerson thought if the plan
to deflect the stream was carried
out there would be many regrets in
the future. The shoal water at
Iwilei would be infected.
L. A. Thurston suggested that
the steam dredge be set to work
dredging out the stream as far up
as the King street bridge. There
would then be salt water all the
Dr. Wood thought very much the
same as Mr. Thurston. Water
from the stream if it was to flow
into the harbor at all, should do eo
abruptly. Dredging operations
could be effected as suggested by
Mr. Thurston. This method would
do away with the Ashing which is
carried on by the natives at low
tide. The sanitary condition of the
city would be very much improved.
J. A. McCandless coincided with
Dr. Wood in the matter of having
the water of the stream flow immediately
into deep salt water. It was
dangerous to deflect it towards
E. C. Macfarlane was of the
opinion that the Board Ehould confine
itself to the consideration of
the sanitary phase of the subject.
Separate the contaminated part
and keep the harbor clean. If the
water of the bay becomes polluted,
the question will be a very serious
one. If the water of the stream is
polluted, why not confine the pollution
to that alone, instead of letting
it out into the bay ?
Dr. Wood spoke of the danger of
the stream near its mouth. There
it becomes sluggish, and if there is
any contamination it is bound to
communicate itself to the water
close at hand. The slow flow facilitates
mixture with salt water.
President Smith suggested that
another matter be taken up. The
work of the Citizens Committee
has been one of great value. Fewer
cases were apparent. He thought
he voiced the opinion of the Board
when he said that the good work
must co on for some time. It
might be a matter of several weeks.
There was liable to bo a reaction
at any time. Honolulu was not
out of the woods by any means.
There was always a reaction after
a Eevere strain, such as the cholera
epidemic had been. If there were
no cases for Eeveral days, it was
very probable the community
would be lulled into a false security.
It should be impressed upon
the committee that there should be
no relaxation of vigilance. It was
necessary to eradicate the disease
and guard against the future.
Dr. Wood said the conditions for
the disease on the islands were
very favorable. The cold winters
of the States did not exist. It was
possible there might be a lull for a
while. If there was a relaxation
of vigilance a fresh epidemic might
Bpring upon the city very suddenly,
and all the unpleasant experiences
of the past would have to be
gone through again. A great many
persons had Eaid that the present
disease was not cholera, because it
had not taken more hold. This
idea simply showed ignorance of
the conditions. Former history of
cholera developed the fact that the
water supply is the source of
contamination from which the
greater part of the disease springs.
The Hamburg case was cited as'
an example. A number of Russians
had camped on a stream and
cholera had been developed. Germs
were communicated to the stream
and carried to the inhabitants lower
down. It was a whole week before
the decision was reached that the
disease was cholera. Eighty cases
were found at the start. After that
the epidemic spread with astonishing
rapidity. It was his opinion
that the Citizens Committee should
continue the good work it was
W. A. Kinney spoke of the cases
in the district of Kapalama, known
as Waipilopilo. Fifteen cases of
cholera had been developed in that
locality. There was the first big
batch, and afterward cases bad
been strung along by one3 and
two3. Four houses in a row had
developed cholera. He thought the
very best thing to do was to remove
all the people from the immediate
vicinity of the cholera infected districts.
J. T. Waterhouse moved that tha
people be removed as soon as possible.
About fifty people from the
district will be removed
this morning to the new house
which has been put up by the
Government near the cholera hospital.
Here they will be made to
undergo the usual quarantine as
an extra precaution.
President Smith recommended
that the quarantine be lifted from
It was decided to make the
length of quarantine in the future
Dr. Day Eaid he considered five
days sufficient If the disease was
going to show itself at all it would
do so in that time.
- j ;
Office of Wills & Richardson Co., J
ilovrnsAL, Canada, January 9, 1895. ' )
Tub Williams Typewriter Company,
No. 319 Broadway, New York.
Gkntlemsn: Thinking yon would be pleased to know something about one of
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with Machine No. 1135.
Aa yon will remember, we purchased this machine from you three years ago,
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We are pleased to inform you that notwithstanding oar heavy and voluminous
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We cannot fail to mention one prominent and very pleasing point in favor of
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With your strong, rapid and of order Typewriter, wo are mora
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This letter is written on the "Williams" mentioned above.
Yours very truly,
Wells & Richardson Co.
For further particulars and investigation of the machine
call or address "W. 6," Hawaiian Gazette Company.
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