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& 0 Mf 9 LOCAL BREVITIES. Egg3 sire quoted at five cents each. More volunteer inspectors are wanted. There are no limes or lemons in the city. Disinfect the water used by the street sprinklers. The infant child of Madame Verleye died yesterday. Consul Charle3 T. Wilder is act ing as a volunteer inspector. Kew blanks for the official cholera reports were issued yesterday. Native carpenters can secure work by applying to the Board of Health. The work of mapping out the city and numbering every house is progressing rapidly. The Leilani and Myrtle boat clubs have brought their boats back from Pearl City training quarters. Horsford's acid phosphate is a good thing to use these times ; it i3 sold by the Hollister Drug Company. The extensive tract of land back of Oahu College has been suggested as an admirable place for golf links. The Government offices are pretty well emptied at present. Employees are doing duty for the Board of Health. Claims against the Government for the month of May, if filed prior to June 5tb, will be payable on "Wednesday, September ISth. Frank Godfrey was released from the cholera hospital yesterday. He was kept busy all day relating what he saw, heard and felt while there. Quite a number of persons are fearing that they will not be able to get away on the Alameda, due here on the 19th from the Colonies. The Citizens Sanitary Committee earnestly requests reports of neglect of duty by sub-inspectors, giving name andlocality. All such will be treatad confidentially. The Salvation Army tent has been placed in position on the old Dudoit premises, corner Beretama and Alakea streets. Services will not be held for some time. Parties desiring to spend a few days at the beach should go to Sans Souci. Excellent rooms and board. A number of people are now domi ciled at that popular resort. The Roberts ozonotor is a germ destroyer and is highly recom mended as such; they are both cheap and effective. For sale by the Hawaiian Hardware Company. George Houghtaling was arrested again yesterday on the charge of selling spirituous liquors without license. This is the second time he has been held to answer that charge. The band boys are making use of their time by getting in a lot of practice among themselves. They will be fully prepared for serie3 of excellent concerts when the cholera epidemic is over. The ambulance men have named their cluster of tents on the Gov ernment building grounds "Camp Wayson," in recognition of the kindness which Dr. D. W. VTayson has shown them since their employment in the present work. The Salvation Army ha3 ceased holding meetings in the hall over John Nott'a store. They purchased the large tent used by the Rev. Garvin and will Epread it on the vacant lot corner of Beretania and Alakea. A number of the Army members were engaged yesterday in placing the frame work. The tent will seat several hundred people, and was used by Mr. Garvin before he secured Harmony Hall. The Japanese inspectors were out in force yesterday. A wheelbarrow containing three tubs of diluted carbolic acid was carted through the streets. Behind this followed a train of inspectors carrying Email watering pots. Japanese houses in the city were visited and a supply of disinfectant furnished the inmates. Many questions regarding the queer-looking outfit as it paraded through the streets were asked by various persons. ' Another meeting of the citizens of Pearl City was held in Ewa court houEe yesterday morning for the purpose of modifying the stand taken on the previous day with respect to allowing trains from Honolulu to go through Pearl City. It had been decided to allow only one more train to go through on Tuesday morning until further notice. This precaution. was taken to assure the people of the place of perfect freedom from the contamination existing in certain parts of the city of Honolulu. The greatest size to which a horse has been known to grow is 20 hands high. This is the record of a Clydesdale which was on' exhibition in England in 1SS9. HAWAIIAN ' COURSE OrHUUMU STREAM. (Continued from pvye 1 1 10. Said superintendent, with the aid ot his clerks, will sort out and warehouse such goods and deliver a receipt therefore to the master of tha vessel discharging at the dock. 11. Steamers, whose crews have undergone the quarantine required by the Health authorities, will be allowed access to said wharf for th9 purpose of receiving freight and plantation supplies. 12. The consignee or owner of goods stored upon said quarantined premises will supply the superintendent with a memorandum of sucb merchandise as he may have disposed for the shipment to plantation;, and shall further supply said superintendent with the name of the purchaser, mark and address, as is customary. 13. The superintendent, with his aids, will thereupon make record of the transaction for account of said owner or consignee, and will mark and address such packages of supplies as he may have been required eo to do. Steamer receipts for all goods placed on board will be taken by the superintendent and banded to the owner. 14. AVben goods are required to be delivered from the Pacific Mail dock to the lakelike wharf, the latter wharf will have guards stationed around same to prevent shore communication. 15. Goods required for use in the city may be delivered by the superintendent on the Iiikelike wharf, and there received by owner or his representative. The owner will thereupon receipt to a special delivery clerk in attendance on said Iiikelike wharf. APPROXIMATE COST OF PROPOSITION. Thirty men at S2 per day S60 Three clerks and superintendent at $5 per day 15 Provisions, per day, at 50 cents each - 15 $90 per day, or $2700 per month, to be divided amongst the various plantation agents, proportionately, as may be agreed upon. President Smith said the work on the wharf had already begun, and was nearly ready for the reception of the men who would be employed to work on the place. He thought the proposition of the Planters' Labor it Supply Company a most excellent one. Dr. Day thought the men who intended to do the work on the wharf should be quarantined before allowing them to handle freight from foreign vessels which would be lauded there. It would be a very serious matter if cholera should break out among them while freight was on the wharf. President Smith read the following petition from Japanese merchants of the city : TO THE PRESIDENT AD MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF HEALTH. Gentlemen: We, the undersigned Japanese merchants of Honolulu, respectfully ask the Board of Health to make such reasonable rules for the landing and disinfecting of freight from steamers coming to this port from Japan a3 snail be sufficient to prevent the Introduction of disease, but, at the same time, not so stringent as to be practically prohibitory. (Signed by twenty-seven of the most prominent Japanese business bouses of the city.) The following letter from A. G. M. Robertson, as attorney for the Japanese merchants who sent the petition, was read by President Smith : Referring to the enclosed petition, the merchants composing the Japan ese Commercial Union of Hawaii beg to represent that the cutting off of Japanese supplies in which they deal works a great hardship on them and their customers, and they beg to enlist your assistance in their attempt to secure a modification of the recent rule adopted by the Board in regard to Japanese imports They are anxious to co operate with the Board in endeavoring to prevent the introduction of disease, and are willing to submit to and assist in carrying out all reasonable regulations as to quarantine, fumigation, etc. "They hope that the Board may see its way clear to make such modification in its regulations as will be satis factory to an concerned. Very respectfully, The Japanese Com. Union of Hawaii, by their attorney, A. G. AT. Robertson. President Smith said he had called upon Consul Sbimizu to talk on this very point. He had learned that the Japanese did not wish to convey the idea that they were acting in hostility to the Board of Health. They simply wanted to see if it was not possible to make some arrangement by which freight from Japan could be landed, subject to strict famigation and distributed to the various consignees in the city. President Smith informed tho Board that the plans for the disinfecting plant were nearly completed. A plant for disinfection of cargoes irom loreign ports was one of the most urgent needs of the city. If freight from Japan could be brought into the city in an absolutely harmless condition, everything should be pushed to attain that result. He thought it a matter of eTeat difficuty to handle properly the great amount of freight which would be brought on steamers from Japanese ports. It had been suggested by A. G. M. Robertson that these steamers come and remain in port for such a length of time consistent with the complete and thorough of the freight. President Smith said, in view of the fact that the water of the city had been considered infected, the committee on quarantine had made ' GAZETTE: FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER 13, 1895 1 . . t investigation into me matter ana had a verbal report to present. It had been suggested to make arrangements to prevent tho water from Nuuanu stream flowing into the harbor. Dr. Day, as a member of the quarantine committee, said he had visited the grounds in the vicinity of the stream near its mouth yesterday. Mud sewage and all kinds of filth had been emptied into the harbor. Nuuanu stream was a source of danger whenever an epidemic would arise, the contagion of which is due to water. In regard to the nature of the present contagion, Pettenhofer had at one time signified his contempt of the cholera by swallowing water which was infected with the germs of the disease. He asserted that certain soil conditions were necessary to the development of the germs. Dr. Day thought Honolulu was a very favorable spot for the cholera. If the harbor could be kept clean, it should be done at any price. It could be protected by deflecting the present course of the stream. It had been proposed to build a retaining wall along from a position near the old fishmarket to another near the railroad wharf, for the purpose of turning the water of Nuuanu stream over on to the flats near Iwilei. The water could in this manner be distributed over a large area of shallow water. A lot of valuable land would thus be left to the eastward. The committee thought such improvement should be carried out in order to better the sanitary condition of the city. Dr. Day, in referring to the of Nuuanu stream. Eaid that 51 tons of acid sulphate of soda had been emptied into the stream at different points. After sufficient time had been given for the dissemination of the disinfectant, tests were made to ascertain the amount of acid at different points. At King street bridge not enough acid was found to turn litmus paper. Farther up the stream there was a sufficient amount to kill the fish and crabs. L. A. Thurston Eaid he did not wish to differ from the findings of the committee as suggested by Dr. Day. He had given a great deal of attention to the matter himself, and was prepared to make a few remarks on the subject. There were two distinct branches to the report of the committee, the sanitary and the engineering. In regard to the first, he could not see what the matter of a few hundred yards difference in the emptying place of Nuuanu stream would benefit. What was there to prevent infection just as before? There would be more danger from the stream by having it deflected in the manner proposed by the committee than in allowing it to remain as at present. A great many persons were in the habit of fishing in the Iwilei district, over which it was proposed to let the water from Nuuanu stream flow. Formerly quantities of fish and shrimps were sent to the fish-market from that place. It would be the same in the future, and to allow such water a3 flowed from Nuuanu stream to go to that place would be absolutely dangerous. In regard to the engineering part of the plan, Mr. Kluegel, a gentleman well versed in engineering subjects, was of the opinion that water could hardly be made to run over the course proposed on account of the bottom of the stream being so low. Dr. Emerson had been with the committee part of the time, but was not a member. He felt a great deal as Mr. Thurston did about the matter. It would be well before proceeding to ascertain the relative salinity of the water. The water from Nuuanu stream would have to reach the harbor Eome time, and the sooner ine better. Uy coming into the large body of water of the harbor the water from the stream would be cleansed. He had no decided opinion. He merely wished to offer a fevr suggestions. Minister Damon, speaking on the subject of allowing the stream to flow along it3 regular course, said the causeway built some time ago by the Oahu railway had interfered with the course. The water would flow naturally if it were not for the causeway. President Smith said that although the question resolved itself into two branches, it dealt more purely with the Eanitary. L. A. Thurston believed the natural course of the stream was as at present run. He could not see any advantage to be gained by the plan proposed. President Smith : ''Your idea is, then, to leave it as it is?" L. A. Thurston : "Yes, sir." Dr. Day, in speaking of the disease germs, said there was not much difference in the density of the water in the different parts of the harbor. The danger was along the water's edge. If the water of the harbor could be kept clean, there would not be very much: question of checking the disease. This could not be sure with a con taminated water's edge. He doubt- ed the feasibility of deflecting the course of the stream. Tho current would be toward Iwilei. If the east side was blocked up, whatever flowed from the stream would go to the west. Dr. Emerson thought if the plan to deflect the stream was carried out there would be many regrets in the future. The shoal water at Iwilei would be infected. L. A. Thurston suggested that the steam dredge be set to work dredging out the stream as far up as the King street bridge. There would then be salt water all the way up. Dr. Wood thought very much the same as Mr. Thurston. Water from the stream if it was to flow into the harbor at all, should do eo abruptly. Dredging operations could be effected as suggested by Mr. Thurston. This method would do away with the Ashing which is carried on by the natives at low tide. The sanitary condition of the city would be very much improved. J. A. McCandless coincided with Dr. Wood in the matter of having the water of the stream flow immediately into deep salt water. It was dangerous to deflect it towards Iwilei. E. C. Macfarlane was of the opinion that the Board Ehould confine itself to the consideration of the sanitary phase of the subject. Separate the contaminated part and keep the harbor clean. If the water of the bay becomes polluted, the question will be a very serious one. If the water of the stream is polluted, why not confine the pollution to that alone, instead of letting it out into the bay ? Dr. Wood spoke of the danger of the stream near its mouth. There it becomes sluggish, and if there is any contamination it is bound to communicate itself to the water close at hand. The slow flow facilitates mixture with salt water. President Smith suggested that another matter be taken up. The work of the Citizens Committee has been one of great value. Fewer cases were apparent. He thought he voiced the opinion of the Board when he said that the good work must co on for some time. It might be a matter of several weeks. There was liable to bo a reaction at any time. Honolulu was not out of the woods by any means. There was always a reaction after a Eevere strain, such as the cholera epidemic had been. If there were no cases for Eeveral days, it was very probable the community would be lulled into a false security. It should be impressed upon the committee that there should be no relaxation of vigilance. It was necessary to eradicate the disease and guard against the future. Dr. Wood said the conditions for the disease on the islands were very favorable. The cold winters of the States did not exist. It was possible there might be a lull for a while. If there was a relaxation of vigilance a fresh epidemic might Bpring upon the city very suddenly, and all the unpleasant experiences of the past would have to be gone through again. A great many persons had Eaid that the present disease was not cholera, because it had not taken more hold. This idea simply showed ignorance of the conditions. Former history of cholera developed the fact that the water supply is the source of contamination from which the greater part of the disease springs. The Hamburg case was cited as' an example. A number of Russians had camped on a stream and cholera had been developed. Germs were communicated to the stream and carried to the inhabitants lower down. It was a whole week before the decision was reached that the disease was cholera. Eighty cases were found at the start. After that the epidemic spread with astonishing rapidity. It was his opinion that the Citizens Committee should continue the good work it was doing. W. A. Kinney spoke of the cases in the district of Kapalama, known as Waipilopilo. Fifteen cases of cholera had been developed in that locality. There was the first big batch, and afterward cases bad been strung along by one3 and two3. Four houses in a row had developed cholera. He thought the very best thing to do was to remove all the people from the immediate vicinity of the cholera infected districts. J. T. Waterhouse moved that tha people be removed as soon as possible. Carried unanimously. About fifty people from the district will be removed this morning to the new house which has been put up by the Government near the cholera hospital. Here they will be made to undergo the usual quarantine as an extra precaution. President Smith recommended that the quarantine be lifted from several place. It was decided to make the length of quarantine in the future nine days. Dr. Day Eaid he considered five days sufficient If the disease was going to show itself at all it would do so in that time. L - j ; 5- ST Wgg$ Office of Wills & Richardson Co., J ilovrnsAL, Canada, January 9, 1895. 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