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MQIFi' . -i rflA T-" 'VY
VOL. XXXL NO. 78. HONOLULU, H. L: TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1896. SEMI-WEEKLY. WHOLE NO. 1798.
W . i -J
X 4 H,"'
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Mil -' "'
ISSUED TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS
W. R. FARRINGTON, EDITOR.
Per month..... . .$ .50
Per month, . .75
Per year. .. 5.00
ler year, Foreign . 0.00
Payable Invariably In Advance.
C. G. BALLENTYNE,
H. S. GRIHBAUM & CO., Ltd.
Importers and Commission
San Francisco, and Honolulu,
215 Front St. Queen tit.
HAWAIIAN WINE CO.,
"rank Brown, Manager. 28 and
30 Merchant St.. Honolulu. H.I.
W. A. KINNEY.
Attorney at Law. Safe Deposit
Building, upstairs, Fort Street,
Honolulu. H. I.
LYLE A. DICKEY,
Attorney at Law. P. O. Box
196. Honolulu. H.I.
WILLIAM C. PARKE,
Attorney at Law and Agent to
take Acknowledgments. No. 13
Kaahumanu Street, Honolulu, H. I.
W. R. CASTLE,
Attorney at Law and Notary
Attends all Courts of the
Republic. Honolulu, H. I.
A. J. DERBY, D. D. S.
Alakea Street, Between Hotel and
Hours, 9 to 4. Telephone 615.
J. M. WHITNEY, M.D., D.D.S.
Dental Rooms on Fort Street.
In Brewer's BIock, cor. Fort
and Hotel Sts; entrance, Hotel St.
W. F. ALLEN,
Will be pleased to transaot any
businsss entrusted tohlsoaro.
Office over Bishop's Bank.
H. E. MdNTYRE & BRO.,
Grocery and Feed Store. Corner
King and Fort Sts., Honolulu.
THE WESTERN & HAWAIIAN
Investment Company, L'd. Money
Loaned for long or short periods
on approved security.
W. W. HALL, Manager.
WILDER & CO.,
v umber, Paints. Oils, Nalld, Salt,
- and Building Materials, all kinds.
H. W. SCHMIDT & SONS,
rmporters and Commission Mer-1
chants. Honolulu, H. I.
JOHN T. WATERHOUSE,
Importer and Dealer In General
Merchandise. Queen St., Honolulu.
B. Levrers. F. J. Tjowrey. C. M. Cooke.
LEWERS & COOKE,
Successors to 'Lewers fc IMckson.
Importers and Dealers In Lumber
, l and Building Materials. Fort St.
HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO.,
Machinery of every description
made to order.
ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO.,
Importers and Commission
King and Bethel Streets,
Honolulu, H. I.
F. A. SCHAEFER & CO.,
Importers and Commission
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
H. HACKFELD & CO.,
eneral Commission Agents.
uueen street, Honolulu, m. i.
E. O. HALL & SON, L'D.
and Dealers In Hardware.
Importers Fort and King Sts.
Win. W. Unll : President and Manager
E. O. "White : Secretary and
Wm. F. Allen : : : Auditor
Tlios. IavandT,"W.IIobron, Directors
SODA WATER WORKS CO., L'D.
Esplanade, Cor. Fort and Allen Sts.
HOLLISTER & CO.,
H. M. Whitney, Publisher.
Only Complete Guide Published
Price 75 Cents.
For sale in Honolulu by all book and
Some veterans of the civil war have
entered suit against the city of Hartford
on the ground that the town
promised them $300 bounty in 1862
which has never been paid them.
Exhaustive Report Given by U. S.
LN'TERESTLNG HISTORICAL SKETCH
When the Bean Was First Convene! Into
Beverage-Mexico Attracting Investors
and Settlers From the United States-Part
One of Valuable Paper on Coffee, Etc.
1 am persuaded to prepare this report
on Mexican coffee by the large
numeber of letters I am receiving from
every State in the Union upon that
subject, from persons seeking commercial
information, from persons
seeking personal or community information,
contemplating removal to Mexico,
and from persons engaged in the
historical investigation of the bean,
and Mexico in connection with the
I will attempt, in the first place, to
give a history of the bean from its discovery
to the present time, for which
I am largely indebted to a work styled
Cultivation and Preparation of Coffee,
by Gabriel Gomez, agricultural engineer
of Mexico, who, at the time of its
composition, possibly had as comprehensive
knowledge of the berry as any
one who ever wrote on the subject. It
is due to the readers to say I never saw
coffee growing until I came to Mexico
in 1893, that I know little of it now,
that lam more of a collector of facts
about it than an originator of ideas.
No one, without practical experience
in growing, cultivating and curing the
bean for market can have reliable information
about it. I have sought this
information from the best sources,
from those engaged in its production,
and present it as it is imparted to me;
second. I shall show how it is cultivated
in Mexico, in what parts of the
Republic, the kinds of coffee, and the
profits and sales of the same; third,
how it is prepared for market; fourth,
how it is prepared for table use, giving
receipts from those who have had
large experience and can extract the
beverage from the bean so skillfully
as to make it most palatable. The
question with all classes of our people
is, how to obtain the best grades of
coffee at the least price. I shall attempt
to answer these points in a
plain, simple way, so that even the
unlearned can thoroughly understand
what is said.
Heretofore, Mexico has not been considered
by our merchants as an enlarge
or promising field for coffee
production, because producers have
not shown much activity in presenting
the crop to the market. It is strange
to those of us viewing it from the present
standpoint and acquaintanceship
with the bean that the Mexican coffee
should have remained so long unknown
to and unsold in our market.
Since the government of this country
has passed to capable hands; since
the country has opened its gates to
all home-seeking people; since the
world has become assured that financial
investments, as well as life and
property, are as safe here as elsewhere,
that a large part of the country
is accessible by rail and water, a
new life, a greater stimulus, has been
given to the production of all kinds of
tropical fruits, as well by those "native
and to the manner born" as by
thousands of foreigners who have removed
to Mexico for agricultural purposes.
Mexico has shown its capacity
to produce the higher as well as the
lower grades of the berry from the
most delicate Uruapan to the rougher
and less tasteful on the higher elevations
and she become a greater producer
for the markets of the world,
shrinking from no comparison with
the coffee of Brazil and elsewhere.
There are already many agents from
New Orleans, New York, San Francis
co, and Baltimore located in the coffee-producing
regions of Mexico, buying
larger or smaller lots for their employ
ers in the United States. I am of the
opinion that Mexico has the capacity
to produce every pound of coffee re
quired in the United States, and as
it is a part of the North American
continent with our own country, its
proximity has much lessened the cost
of transportation over that from the
more distant South American and
The history of coffee is interesting,
and as it may not be generally known,
I will present some of the most important
points pertaining to the beverage.
Its original home is supposed
to have been Upper Ethiopia, and it
was transplanted from there to Arabia
Felix. It is still a controverted
point with certain classes whether the
beverage was known to the Greeks and
Romans. The Persians adopted the
berry after the Ethiopians, and the
Arabs are entitled to the credit for
its more general introduction Into Eu- (
rope. From Arabia, the use of coffee
passed to Egypt, reaching Cairo at the J
beginning of the sixteenth century
From Egypt, it passed to Syria; from
thence, to Greece and Constantinople,
A. D. 1554.
Coffee was introduced into England
in 1652 by a Greek named Pasquarosse,
who was familiar with its preparation.
Soon Pasquarosse opened a hand'ome
cafe in London, and there was reat
activity in presenting the new urink.
and giving the virtues of coffee to that'
city. France adopted the use of the
berry ten years after EnglaDd : Italy.
claims the honor of having discovered
its merits prior to France, and it Is
said that an Italian brought coffee io
Marseilles in 1644.
The first coffeehouse,, was opened in
Paris twenty-five years later, during,
the reign of Louip &TV.
It is said, the r invention of newspapers,
or gazettes, is due to the introduction
of coffee into France. From
the gossip of individuals gathered in
the cafes over the cups ofcoftee, there
was but a short step to ' p'rude printing
press, with its snef of enlarged
gossip, and the idea of sach a sheet is
said to have entered the brain of some
genius as he was imbibing the coffee
at that time.
Coffee was introduced in the early
years of the seventeenth century into
the islands of the sea, the "West Indies,
Martinique, Santo Domingo, Guadeloupe,
the island of Reunion, into
almost all of those par'' of America
fn which it could be pr 'rtced, and in
1748Don Juan Antoni&GcIabert introduced
it into Cuba. It 'was' -introduced
into Mexico from the West
Indies toward the end of the seven
teenth century,, cultivated first at or
near Cordoba, on the Mexican and
Veracruz Railroad, 200 miles from the
City of Mexico and GO miles from
Veracruz, at an elevation of 2,500 feet
above sea level, and situated -in the
midst of the most productive tropical
region of this wondrous country, now
commanding the attention 'of tlife
world to a greater extent than it has
ever done before. It is of this special
section of Mexico that Prescott '' hus
sneaks in his Connuest of Mexi ":
"During the first day, Cortes's ?oad
lay through the "Tierra caliente," the
beautiful land where they had been
so long lingering; the land of the
vanilla, cochineal, cacao, then afterwards
of the orange, the sugar cane,
and coffee products which', indigenous
to Mexico, have now become the
luxuries of Europe, the land where
the fruits and the flowers chase one
another in unbroken circle through
the year; where the gales are loaded
with-perfume till the'-senses ache at
their sweetness, and the groves are
filled with many colored birds and insects,
whose enameled wings glisten
like diamonds in the bright sun of the
tropics. Such are the magical splendors
of this paradise of the senses."
Here is one of the spots in this yet
undeveloped Republic where some of
the finest coffee known to the human
appetite is grown and prepared for the
markets of the world.
As this part of Mexico is the birthplace
of coffee in Mexico, and, I might
almost say, any other part of the North
American continent or its contiguous
islands, I have taken the liberty of
giving it a more special notice and description.
It is today the richest and
most beautiful spot in Mexico, with
Jalapa, Orizaba, and Cordoba rising
from their emerald hills in all their
beauty and freshness. No one has seen
Mexico in all of its splendor until he
has visited this enchanting spot.
Roughly speaking, there are about
twenty-five names in general circula
tion, and as 14 per cent of female baby-
dom answers to the name of Mary, and
13 per cent of the male progeny is call
ed William, the chances of
ian naming the ordinary Sunday school
child are reduced to a minima. The
preponderance of Marys and the over
whelming number of Williams is due
in the first place to the fact that the
former was the great saint-name of the
Middle Ages, which neither the Refor
mation nor time could dislodge from
The Williams owe the popularity of
their praenomen originally to the Con
queror and to no other, though both the
Marys and the Williams are indebted
greatly to the strong conservative feeling
that exists in baptismal family
names. Statistics prove, as it their
habit, that 33 per cent of child life is
loaded with two names at baptism; 14
per cent is content with one and one
thirty-five millionth has twenty-four.
William and its derivatives, according
to Lower s "Patronymica Britannica,"
forms the root of more surnames than
any other British praenomen, and Wil
Hams is, with the exception of Smith
and Jones, the most popular cogno
men of the United Kingdom, easily
beating Brown and Robinson, who are
usually bracketed with the only Jone3,
Besides Williams, Williamson and
other direct derivatives, we have from
the French diminutive Guillemot, Gil-let,
Gillott, and kindred names; the
-bill or uia England supplies us with
Billson, and Wilcox, Willy, Wilkins,
and the like are all traceable to the
Norman influence. Undoubtedly fashion
influences names as well as gar
ments, as witness the run on certain
names at certain times; a few years
ago istnei, Mabel and Maud were all
the rage, today Dorothy and Doris are
reigning favorites, to be replaced in a
few short months by some more fash
ionable appellation Boris, perhaps.
Thirty years ago there were only two
dozen explosive compounds known rto
chemists; now there are over 1000.
Julien D. Hayne Leaves His Wife
in a Sad Plight.
DISAPPOINTED IX NOTES ON HAND
The Woman Found Demented at a Railway
Station in Sent a Telegram
and Then Dropped Out of Sight-His
r about at Present Unknown-Is Wanted,
Julien D. Hayne seems to have come
quite up to the expectations of a great
many people who had not the slightest
jConfldence in him from the first .day of
his second visit to the Islands. The
prophecy that he would get his wife's
JULIEN D. HAYNE.
money and then cast her adrift seems
to have been fulfilled to the letter.
t The letter published below, written
by a man once in the employ of Hayne,
will be of interest to the butcher, the
baker and candle stick maker, as well
as others in Honolulu who hold
Hayne's bogus drafts, and who are
anxiously waiting his return, with the
belief that he will pay up. The writer
of the letter was employed by Hayne
to look after the publication of the
last numbers of the Hawaiian. After
preparing copy in Hayne's office on
Fort street, he was taken to San Francisco
to read proof on the book and
see that it was gotten out promptly.
This was after the Gazette Company
refused to publish the book. Hayne remained
with him in San Francisco for
some time, and then suddenly discovered
that he must return to the Islands,
but was short of funds. A little matter
of $250 was all that was needed, and
the clerk furnished it with the understanding
that it would be returned on
the next steamer after Hayne's. safe
arrival here. In the mean time the
clerk was to continue in his employ
and receive copy which would be sent
to him in San Francisco.
Several steamers arrived at the Bay
City, but "the letter that he longed for
never came," and he visited Honolulu
in search of it, but before leaving he
took the time and trouble to inquire
into Hayne's actions on the coast. With
a report in his pocket he arrived in
Honolulu and made a demand for his
money and expenses, including fare to
and from Honolulu. The bill was then
promptly paid and the young man
again went to work, but left for the
coast in a few weeks.
While pursuing his investigations in
San Francisco the man found it necessary
to communicate with Mrs. Hayne's
son, a resident of Osage, Iowa, and the
cashier of a bank in which his father
held large interests during his lifetime.
This correspondence has continued
since then, and whenever Mrs.
Hayne's relatives wished information
concerning her or Hayne, the son communicated
the fact to the writer of
this letter. This is mentioned here so
as to explain the fact of the son writing
to the man at this late day.
One of Hayne's creditors to the extent
of $70 for groceries, and the onetime
holder of a bogus draft for $400,
said yesterday that when Hayne tried
to negotiate the draft for $ 400 with him
he presented a typewritten letter on the
letterhead of the Osage bank, in which
it was stated that Mrs. Hayne might
draw on the hank to the amount of
$3,000, and it was on the strength of
this letter that the various drafts were
cashed. Whether the letter was a forgery
or not, written on a letterhead of
the bank, has never been ascertained.
The statement regarding the bank
stock is rather at variance -with letters
received while Hayne was here. At
that time It was rumored that the stock
had been sent to Osage and sold, and
that Mrs. Hayne had made a demand
for payment of her portion in her husband's
estate. Under the terms of the
will, however, the estate could not be
divided until the youngest son reached
his majority. Sq the request was denied.
In view of this, Mrs. Hayne's
son was of the opRilon that whatever
money his mojther had drawn was
gone into Hayne's speculations. It Is
possible the stock was not sold at that
time, though letters received here after
the request was made stated this to
be the case. The following letter contains
Information which must win for
Mrs. Hayne the sympathy of her friends
here, who knew the way Hayne kept
her from people who were apt to give
I would like to hear something about
Hayne, and how he got away from
Honolulu. The only news I have had
from Honolulu since leaving was your
letter, telling me of his escape from
the charge of a common nuisance.
Hayne kept out of my way while he
was in San Francisco. I did not know
he was there for a week after his arrival,
and though I called four times
he was always out. They would not
do any more of his work at the Hicks-Judd
office, .and he owes them a pretty
big, bill as it is.
I had a letter from Mrs. Hayne's
son last week, telling me that Hayne
had deserted bis wife. After their arrival
in the East, Hayne induced her
to sell some bank stock, the last of her
fortune. For this he got about $5000
cash and non-negotiable notes for
$13,000. Hayne did not notice that
the notes were not negotiable, and
the next day he tried to sell them in
Chicago, and failed. He made an awful
fuss with Mrs. Hayne's attorneys
and bankers, but the latter were firm,
and he had to go off without the money.
He had left Mrs. Hayne near New
York while he went to Chicago about
the notes, and sent her a telegram
from some place in Indiana that he
had been sick and could not go any
further that day. He professed to
be on his way back to her. Mrs. Hayne
went to the place where he had
from that he had to stop off,
but could not find her husband, and
that night was found there by her attorney
walking about the depot waiting
room in a partially demented condition.
She is now at her son's -house
at Osage, but does not seem to understand
how things go. Her son says that
when affairs are settled he does not
think she will have a cent left, Hayne
has not been heard from since his
telegram to hlB wife. He has had
time to get out of the country. If
there was anything, about Hayne in
the Honolulu papers prior to or subsequent
to his departure, I wish you
would send me a copy.
HER REMARKABLE WILL.
How Kate Field Divided Her Earthly
Stock, Books and Portraits to Cover Loans
Made Mr. Beatty Has Disposition
of the Estate.
The will of Kate Field has been
filed In the Court of Probate at Washington,
D.. C. It was dated July 17,
1895, and witnessed by Katherlne and
Jefferson Chandler and Francis E.
Leupp. The following bequests are
made: To the executors the sum of
$500, to be invested and devoted to
the care of the testatrix's lot in Mount
Auburn cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.;
to the state of New York, to form the
nueleus of the proposed Adirondack
Park, two shares in John Brown's
farm at North Elba, Miss Field expressing
the hope that other stockholders
will follow her example; to
Standard Beatty, all property not otherwise
disposed of, including lot 6,
square 194, Washington; 127 shares of
instantaneous fire alarm stock and a
loan of $6500 to William H. Reynolds,
for the payment of which are held 100
shares in the Idaho Mining &. Irrigation
Company; to S. V. White of
Brooklyn, the Walter Savage Landor
album, as payment of a loan of $500;
to the Art Museum of SL Louis, portraits
of Miss Field (by Frank D. Millet)'
and of her mother and father; to
the Newberry Library of Chicago, copies
of the St. Louis Reveille; to John
E. Searles of New York, a drawing by
Gainsborough, in payment of $1000
invested in Kate Field's Washington
just before she was forced by ill
health to suspend its publication; to
H. H. Kohlsaat of Chicago, certain
pictures left with him; to Mary Sedley
Smith, clothing; to George Riddle, all
books left with Miss Jane Smith, 66
Mt. Vernpn street, Boston; to Lilian
Whiting, a crayon head, left with Mrs.
William P. Kellogg, and to T. Sanford
Beatty, all furniture, trunks, pictures
and boxes at the Fifth Avenue Hotel,
New York, at the Shoreham and Corcoran
building, this city, and at Newport,
R. I. To Mr. Beatty, all the
residue of the estate is left, he being
requested to remember substantially
her cousin, Kate Wilcox of New Orleans.
He is also requested to divide
the jewelry between Mrs. Wilcox, Mrs.
Sedley Smith, Lilian Whiting. Mr.
Riddle, Mrs. Chandler and himself, and
to give Miss Jane Smith some useful
souvenir. As to the disposition of her
body. Miss Field directs that it be cremated
and that her ashes, together
with the plain gold ring worn by her,
be placed in an urn, and the urn be
deposited above the coffins of her father
and mother, half way between.
The brig Lurline has cleared San
Francisco for Kahului with 800 bbls
flour, 6,500 lbs sugar, 1,100 lbs butter,
2,000 sks bran, 3,302 lbs bread, 1,500
lbs lard. 478 lbs sal soda, 1,000 lbs codfish,
1,204 ft lumber, 2,577 ctls barley
64 cs canned goods, 727 lbs hams and
bacon, 12 tons salt, 800 cs coal oil, 1,225
lbs driel fruit, 183 lbs cheese, 126 tons
fish, guano, etc, valued at $18,560.
Powers Gathering Forces and
DONGOLA CAPTURED BY- BRITISH.
First Success of Egyptian Campion-Spanish
Troubles ia Philippines Venezuela Matters
Mot Give up Tynan Foreign Mews.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Sept. 20. The
following articles were among the explosives
discovered yesterday at Pera:
Five monster bombs of the diameter of
thirty-eight centimetres (about eleven
inches), and weighing thirteen kilo
grams (about twenty-eight pounds one
and a half ounces), twenty-one of a
smaller size, four boxes of dynamite,
twenty-eight bottles of
forty yards of tarred cotton In fuse3.
and three suspicious tin boxes.
I am authorized to contradict the
rumors that the powers are asking permission
for the entry of a fleet Into the
Bosphorus. It is entirely unfounded.
The Turkish authorieties have put a
stop to the deportation of Armenians,
which has been going on since the recent
fatal riots at Constantinople.
LONDONv Sept. 21. Lady Henry
Somerset writes from Marseilles an appeal
to the Dally News to collect funds
to send the refugee Armenians to America.
The Daily News this morning
also prints an appeal from Miss Frances
Willard to her sisters in America
on the same subject, and in an editorial
the same journal rejoices to be able to
assist in such a project
The Dally News announces that
Pasha, the well known Egyptian
statesman and formerly president of
the Egyptian Council of Ministers, has
donated 400 to the Armenian relief
A Constantinople dispatch to the
Dally News says: The United States
Legation has received news from one
of Its consuls of a serious massacre at
Ehln, In the district of Kharpoot.
MANCHESTER, Sept 20. Eight
thousand persons attended a meeting
here today to protest against the Turkish
treatment of the Armenians. . The
Bishop of Manchester preslled at the
PARIS, Sept 20. The Admiralty Office
is making inquiries as to the time
that would be requlrel in fitting out
three Ironclads In view of the menacing
situation In Turkey.
TIOVGOLA. HAS FALCKX.
Objective Point or
KERMA-ON-THE-NILE, Sept 20.
Dongola has fallen and the normal objective
point of the British-Egyptian
expedition has been reachea. The river
forces of the expedition, pushing up
the Nile from EI Haflr, landed a force
at Dongola and occupied that place before
the Dervishe forces, retreating
fiom El Haflr, reached that point El
Haflr and Dongola are therefore both
in the hands of the expedition, while
the Dervish forces are somewhere between,
seeking a refugee.
London Views of th Fall.
LONDON, Sept 21. An editorial In
the Times .with reference to the taking
of Dongola says: "We may reasonably
hope that the work of liberation wa3
speedily carried further south."
A dispatch from Kerman to the Chronicle
says that the treasure chest belonging
to the Mahdist leaders was on
board the steamer which was sunk in
The correspondent of the Daily News
from the Nile expedition, in a dispatch
from El Haflr, says: "It Is possible that
being desperate, the Dervishes will
make a hot fight for Dongola, though
I learn that there Is great dissension
among their leaders, and the disabling
of Wad Bishara materially affected the
A Kerma dispatch to the Standard
praises the clever tactics of Wad Bishara
and adds: "The Dervishes are
certainly well led and they retain much
of their old spirit"
INSURGENTS IN riin.II'l'IJJE.
Monks Masncred and WnrSlilp Render
MADRID, Sept 20. A dispatch to
the Imparclal from Hong Kong; says
that the insurgents at Cavite, Philippine
Islands, captured the monastery
there and massacred the monks, putting
them to death with knives. Spanish
war ships afterward started a bombardment
of the Insurgent position, but
the shots fell short and no harm was
The dispatch adds that over a hun
dred insurgents who had been captured
by the Spaniards were flung into a
small dungeon at Manila. The next
morning fifty-four of the prisoners