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iVOL. XXXL NO. 87 HONOLULU, H. L: FRIDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1896. SEMI-WEEKLY. WHOLE NO. 1S0T.J
ISSDED TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS
W. R. FARRINGTON. EDITOR.
Per month .....
Per month, Foreign....... it
Per year-.... .. .,...... ... 5.00
Per year, Forclirn .......... COO
Payable Invariably In Advance.
C. G. BALLENTYKB,
M. S. GRIKBAUM & CO., Ltd.
Importers and Commission
San Francisco . asu Ho2OLnLtr.
215 Front St. Queen St.
HAWAIIAN WINE CO.,
Frank Brown, Manager. 28 and
30 MerchantSt.. Honolulu. H.I.
W. A. KINNEY.
Attorney at Law. Safe Deposit
Building, upstairs, Fort Street,
Honolulu. H. I.
LYLE A. DICKEY,
, ttorney at Law. P. O, Box
L 196. Honolulu. H.I.
WILLIAM C. PARKE,
Attorney at Law and Agent to
take Acknowledgments. No. 13
Kaahumanu Street, Honolulu, H. I.
W. R. CASTLE,
Attorney at Law and Notary
Attends ail Courts of the
Republic. Honolulu, H. I.
A. J. DERBY, D. D. S.
Alakea Street, Between Hotel and
Hours, 9 to 4. Telephone 615.
J. M. WHITNEY, AI.D., D.D.S.
Dental Rooms on Fort Street.
In Brewer's BIock, cor. Fort
and Hotel Sts; entrance, Hotel St.
W. F. ALLEN,
Will be pleased to transaot any
business entrusted to his oare.
Office over Bishop's Bank.
H. E. AIcINTYRE & BRO.,
Jrocery and Feed Store. Corner
King- and Fort Sts., Honolulu.
THE WESTERN & HAWAIIAN
Investment Company, L'd. Money
Loaned for long: or short periods
on approved seevr'ty.
W. W. HALL, Manager.
WILDER & CO.,
lumber, Paints. Oils, Nal!s, Salt,
- and Building Materials, all kinds.
H. W. SCHMIDT it SONS,
Importers and Commission
Honolulu, H. I.
JOHN T. WA'IERHOUSE,
importer and Dealer In Genera)
i ferchandise. Queen St., Hono-
B. Lewers. F. J. Lowrey. C.K.Cooke.
LEWERS & COOKE,
Successors to Lowers it Dickson.
Importers and Dealers In Lumber
and Building Materials. Fort St.
HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO.,
Machinery of every description
made to order.
D. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO.,
Importers and Commission
King and Bethel Streets,
Honolulu, H. I.
F. A. SCHAEFER & CO.,
Importers and Commission
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
H. HACKFELD St CO.,
General Commission Agents.
Queen street, Honolulu, H. I.
E. O. HALL & SON, L'D.
and Dealers In Hardware.
Corner Fort and King Sts.
Wm. "V. Ilall : President and Manacer
K. O. 'White : Secretary and Treasurer
""in. r. Allen : : : Auditor
Xhos. May and T,- "W.Hobrnii, Directors
SODA WATER WORKS CO., L'D.
esplanade, Cor. Port and Alien Sts.
HOLLISTER & CO.,
Wholesale aid Retail Grocer
LTNCOLX BLOCK, KDJG ST.
Family, Plantation Si Ships' Stores
Supplied on Short Notice.
"Vow Goods by every Steamer. Orders
the otben Irian ite faithfully executed.
I V THROUGH
H. SI. Whitney, Publisher.
Only Complete Guide Published
Price, 75 Cents.
For sale in Honolulu by all book and
AND H OF JtfAR
Visiting Among People Almost of
SEAECHL'(x FOR OLD RELICS.
An Odd Race That Has Not Kept Pace With Japan's
Proiress Primitive Tools Used In
Farmlnj Difficulty In Securing Specimens.
Women Formerly Tattood Their Faces.
YOKOHAMA HARBOR, Aug. 3L
The little town of Esashi, in northern
Hokkaido, temporarily raised into prominence
by the total eclipse track having
seen fit to traverse Its domain, has now
returned to Its normal quiet, echoes of
the great world growing fainter in the
distance as the -various scientific expeditions
retreat further from the Sea of
Okhotsk toward more frequented regions.
Our own expedition and that from the
Paris Observatory under Prof. Deslandres
as well as Prof. Terao's party from the
Imperial (Tokyo) University, used about
a week after the eclipse in taking down
instruments, packing apparatus and dismantling
the stations generally. "We had
the sad satisfaction (I use the expression
advisedly, for if the circumstances had
been different I should have had to say
"the happy exasperation") of hearing
from the Astronomer Royal of England
In AkkeshI that at his station the sky
was heavily clouded and nothing was
done. Even yet we have not heard how
the European parties fared; but that this
corona was one of unusual brilliancy was
evident from its brightness through the
thinly drifting clouds which obscured its
The Ainu, however, were obscured by
no clouds of any sort during the sojourn
In their vicinity, and very fine opportunities
for studying this Interesting race
were afforded. There are no roads in
Northern Yezo, no jinrikishas, no kagoa,
no carriages, but plenty of horses and no
side saddles. So the country had to be
explored In a rather primitive but perfectly
effectual manner, on horseback
through the narrow and often bewildering
footpaths through the thickly growing
scrub bamboo or along the hard sand
beaches at low tide. In these rides I was
fortunate in having the company of a
Japanese gentleman, formerly Governor
of one of the Hokkaido provinces, who
knows the Ainu thoroughly, and their
language as well, and who, still better, Is
well known to them for many miles In all
directions. In a way they are a shy race,
almost hermit-like so far as foreigners
are concerned, and any casual traveler
visiting the villages alone, or with a Japanese
guide who is strange to them, sees
but little of their life or customs, and can
rarely purchase any of their Implements
or articles of dress. The fact that foreigners
-were in the region had Interested
them greatly, and that for the first time
a foreign lady was near by had aroused
much curiosity, and at all the villages
they seemed as glad to see me as I was
to see them. So, mutually In exceedingly
good humor, and able to communicate
easily by my helpful acquaintance, our
study of each other progressed finely.
The elder women have elaborate ornamentation
around the mouth In tattooing
of a blue-black color, which gives them
a peculiarly barbarous appearance; but
the young girls are attractive and often
pretty, for the tattooing was forbidden
by the Japanese Government several
years ago, and while not entirely suppressed,
is far less frequent than formerly.
These young girls have generally
a clear brown skin, showing a warm
russet red In the cheeks, with beautiful
brown eyes shaded by long and thick
eyelashes. In the younger generation,
too, the luxuriant black hair is often
simply coiled at the back of the head,
instead of being cut in the strangely
aw kward native way, to stand out thickly
on each side of the head, like an overgrown
hearth brush, and perfectly short
at the back of the head, nearly half way
to the top. Their teeth are even and
white, and altogether they look little
like the cruel heathen race they were
formerly supposed to be. But the Ainus
have no literature, no written language
even, -and their arts are of the rudesL
Contact with the cultivated Japanese for
a thousand years has apparently taught
them little or nothing, and even now
they would be scarcely beyond the stone
age except for the easily obtained implements
of Japanese make.
The native Ainu utensils are primitive
and very Interesting. The bows with
their poisoned arrows, the knife handles,
the tobacco pouches, the apparatus for
weaving elm fibre Into cloth all of wood,
often very well carved have sometimes
been handed down from parent to child
through several generations. Frequently
a family has but one of each article, and
that one highly prized, which accounts
largely for their dislike of selling their
possessions. My Japanese friend, however,
prevailed upon some of the Aalnu
to sell their dearly loved heirlooms, by
the promise of unlimited sake as well as
the purchase money. I was fortunate
enough to find a garment of salmon skin,
quite elaborately decorated, made In the
same shape as the more ordinary elm
fibre kimono, and the only one of its
kind encountered during the summer.
Some of the beads and ornaments used
for the -great bear festivals ire brought
from Saghalien, and are quite odd enough
to have originated In a region so remote.
In one of the horseback rides within a
few miles of Esashi I visited an Ainu
house where a very old man lived, with
many children and grandchildren. The
roof was thatched thickly with scrub
bamboo, and the general plan within was
much like the usual type of Japanese
house one end having a floor of earth
trodden hard, and the remainder raised
a foot or more above, covered with the
straw mates. A square hole was filled
with burning fagots, the smoke from
which was supposed to find its own way
out of a small hole In the roof, but seemed
to prefer loitering about the room.
The rafters hung several inches deep with
ftot, and even the fish drying above was
similarly ornamented. Lying on the floor
with one arm thrown over his eyes was
an Ainu man sound asleep, his bushy
hair and beard standing out weirdly
about his face. Two or three shy children
were eating rice near the fire, over which
an iron pot full of an indescribable stew-was
suspended, bubbling vigorously. A
pretty young grl sat sewing dark blue
Japanese cotton upon an elm fibre apron
in fanciful figures, and an older woman,
curled Into a tiny heap, looked up at us
from under her arm, with bright and
rather alarmed eyes. Round the room
were piled the family treasures In a
rather chaotic mass; but conspicuous
among them, as always, were two or
three large round boxes of Japanese
lacquer, in which the choicest things are
kept, and which, if dire poverty or misfortune
come, are parted with the last.
There is a legend to the effect that when
Yoshitsune, in disgrace and obliged to
flee from the main Island during the
of his brother, Yorimoto, many
hundred years ago, took refuge in Hokkaido,
he escaped from his enemies in
one of these boxes, caused miraculously
to contain him. He is in a sense the god
of Hokkaido, and his memory is devoutly
worshiped. Kakimonos representing him
are found. In' many places, always brought
out and reverently hung on feast days.
The old man we had come to see stood
in the low doorway of the house, and the
interior was so dark that his face was
hardly seen In detail. He was an impressive
figure, with a magnificent bush
of white hair and beard. But the soot,
the smoke, the close air, the dim light,
the huddling family, the mental as well
as the physical atmosphere, was oppressive,
and a full breath of outer oxygen
and sunshine was an Intense relief.
The first object I happened to see upon
emerging was the fine French cruiser
Alger lying off in the harbor outside
Esashi, in attendance upon Prof.
Such are the sharp contrasts In
this world that, coming instantly from
an Ainu hut and a near at hand study of
one of the most primitive races in the
world (rapidly dying out from sheet inability
to maintain Itself In the face of
another nation), into the clear air outside.
It shquld be'posslble to see In a single
glance an epitome of that world's'
best civilization one night a dinner party
upon a man-of-war representing one of
the most cultured of countries, the next
morning a call in a house within plain
sight, where books were never heard of,
where furniture Is unknown, where lives,
eats, sleeps and weaves upon the floor
around a boiling pot of dreadful herbs
an entire family, whose one relief from
an intolerable monotony is the annual
bear killing and feast, and to whom no
thought or knowledge ever came of a
possible civilization beyond.
In another village an old woman was
the most picturesque figure. Wrinkled
and brown, she was bent nearly double,
as she hobbled along leaning on a stick.
Her bushy hair was snow white, her
mouth elaborately tattooed. Huge hoops
of German silver weighed down her ears,
and a brass bracelet was conspicuously
worn above a score of bracelets done In
tattoo. Her daughters or granddaughters
stood or crouched around her when she
rested, with babies strapped upon their
backs after the Japanese fashion. Sho
was so interested In her odd caller that
she managed to get into the edge of the
river near the house, In order to watch
my horse step upon the flat-bottomed
ferryboat which a shock-headed Ainu boy
was pulling across by a rope.
Some of the rivers had no ferry. In
which case we forded them, but on one
occasion in the deepest place our horse
deliberately lay down, to the discomfiture,
temporarily at least, ol his rider.
Could the stay in these curious regions
have been prolonged another month, the
great interest ethnologically (and geologically
and botanically as well) would
have been by no means exhausted. But
each time on returning from these excursions
I found a few more instruments
taken down and carefully packed, a few-more
tents gone, a few more boxes plied
in the old school house ready for transportation,
and a few more long pieces of
silk and satin paper, brought In by our
kindly Japanese friends, upon which we
were asked to paint poems or pictures
MABEL LOOMIS TODD.
Masterpiece in Art by the Talented
Painter, Fred Yates,.
The -portrait of Judge Hartwell, by
Fred Yates, on exhibition at the Pacific
Hardware art rooms. Is unquestionably
the most lifelike picture ever seen in Honolulu,
and it is a question if It has a
superior, from an artistic point of view,
The artist selected for a background
the view from the veranda where Judge
Hartwell sits after dinner. The expression
on the Judge's face is rather
thoughtful, but the pose, the coloring
and the boldness of handling and the
exactness of the likeness marks Mr.
Yates a thorough artist
The portrait was finished by the artist
in eight sittings of one hour each.
The waters of the Atlantic and Pacific
are only 140 miles apart at the
Isthmus of Tehuantepec
Sheriff E. G. Hitchcock Gets the
SHERIFF ANDREWS TO HAWAU
Selecting a Compromise Candidate Little Mot
Long Enough in the Country Satisfactory
Otherwise Appointment Will be Satisfactory
to all Factions Baldwin Goes to Maul.
As a result of a cabinet meeting held
yesterday morning, Edward Griffin Hitchcock
was appointed Judge of the Third
and Fourth Judicial Circuits, vice Hon.
EDWARD GRIFFIN HITCHCOCK.
Appointed Judge of 3rd and 4th Judicial Circuits.
LjAntone Rosa, resign.g(J.Lorrln Andrews.,
Sheriff of Maui, was appointed Sheriff of
Hawaii, to succeed Sheriff Hitchcock, and
L. D. Baldwin, recently made Sheriff of
Kauai, returns to Maul as Sheriff of that
Island. His place on Kauai has not yet
been filled, but It Is rumored that Deputy
Sheriff Edward Olmstead of Walmea will
be recommended for the appointment.
Until within the last few days the fight
for the judgeship has practically been
between Col. G. F. Little and Gardner
Wilder, both of whom are practicing attorneys
in Hilo. The main opposition to
Col. Little was on the score of his short
residence in the Islands. Mr. Wilder was
born here, and great many of the young
supporters of the Government residing in
Honolulu thought he was entitled to the
place by virtue of his longer residence.
A few days ago the name of D. H. Hitch
cock, also a Hilo lawyer, was brought up
with strong endorsements from Hilo, and
so far as the Cabinet was concerned the
appointment was settled, as Mr. Hitchcock
was a man upon whom the factions
With the Kinau on Tuesday came Sheriff
Hitchcock and Mr. Wilder, the former
with his brother's ultimatum. The matter
then rested between Wilder and Little,
LORRIN A. ANDREWS.
New Sheriff of Hawaii.
and as there was no harmony in the
rank and file of Hilo, the appointment
was forced upon Sheriff. Hitchcock, and
there was no opportunity given him to
Judge Hitchcock has been so closely
identified with the politics of Hawaii for
so many years that he could hardly tell
when he first began to take notice. His
record as Sheriff of the big Island was
so satisfactory to the Government that In
1S93 he was called to Honolulu and appointed
Marshal of the Islands, and this
he accepted with reluctance because of
Ill-health In Honolulu. On Hawaii hl3
duties gave him plenty of exercise In the
open air, while as Marshal much of his
time would necessarily be spent in the
office. In 1S93 he was exceedingly active
In suppressing the revolt, and his health
failed to such an extent afterward that
he tendered his resignation as Marshal
and was immediately reappointed Sheriff
of Hawaii, which position he has acceptably
Sheriff Andrews was made senior captain
of police In Honolulu In 1S93, and became
such a terror to opium smokers and
lottery gamblers that the old ring was
broken. When a vacancy occurred In the
shrievalty on Maul, Captain Andrews was
given the place, and his services have
been such as to entitle him to the pro
motion that was given him yesterday.
Sheriff Baldwin Is a young man, formerly
a merchant at Lahaina, and a
nephew of H. P. Baldwin. When he gave
up mercantile pursuits he was made
Deputy Sheriff, and on the retirement of
Sheriff Wilcox of Kauat a few weeks
ago he was transferred and promoted
to the position of Sheriff of Kauai.
He has not had time to get settled on
Kauai, and the promotion made yesterday
Is acceptable to him and to the people
The Kinau from Maui and Hawaii
ports came in alongside her wharf
yesterday just as the 12 o clock whls1
ties were blowing, having made the
trip from Lahaina in 5 hours and 45
Lminutes, the same time made, on the
trip before last. Captain Clarke reports
yery bad weather with heavy
swells along the Hamakua coast, but
beautiful weather on the leeward side.
It might be a matter of interest to
know that the fastest time from Lahaina
made by the Kinau was 5 hours
and 2C minutes while Captain King
was in command.
LOVED A GOOD TIME.
Hawaiian Roy Who Took
From W. E. Howell's Office.
Kamaka Pallkapu, a young Hawaiian
between 17 and IS years of age, was
brought up in the District Court yesterday
on the charge of stealing $281 from
the office of W. E. Rowell, Superintendent
of Public Works, where he had been employed.
He plead not guilty, and his caso
was continued to November 3d.
The story as detailed below will show
the course of events leading up to the
arrest of Kamaka.
Up until October 3d, Mr. Rowell, who
had a few days previous placed $280 In
gold and $4 in silver In the drawer of
his desk, had seen the money in the position
in which he had originally placed it.
On the Sunday following the amount
was found to be missing and a search of
the premises was made for the purpose
of ascertaining how anyone could have
got Into the office.
Near the door was a box which indicated
that the thief had crawled through
the transom, and the open window at
the rear told only too well how the thief
had got out.
In the meantime Kamaka was having
a right royal time, spending money here
and there and setting up the drinks for
everyone who happened to come within
a hundred feet of him. In all this careless
spending It was a noticeable fact
that he kept paying for everything In
The detectives were watching him, and
this circumstantial evidence was all they
wanted, to place him under arrest Immediately,
but to get him to confess was
altogether another thing.
He said that about the time of the disappearance
of the money he had met a
drunken man on a lonely street, and that
he had gone through his pockets and obtained
$S while the unfortunate one was
asleep. He added to this that a brother
who held some kind of a cowboy's Job
somewhere in Waialua had sent him $15
just for a present.
While Kamaka may be telling the
truth, still the detectives are just a little
loath to believe such stories.
Commissioner Marsden and Prof-
were busy at the Oceanic wharf
for a short time yesterday morning, examining
the various plants that arrived
by the Australia Monday, for bugs or
other obnoxious beasts, so many of
which have come Into the country during
recent years. Nothing was .found,
and the plants were allowed to go on
their way to the gardens of town people
unmolested by further scientific search.
IN OPICM DEALER.
ArrestedLrin Victoria for His
LOOKING FOR HUT FOR A YEAR
Raised Money for Bogus Mlnlaz
Plenty of Founds In Possession When
Lived In Fowler's Yard.
Was en Route to Honolulu When Cauzht.
Through the vigilance and clever detective
work of ex-Sergeant Haywood
of the Vancouver police, an Important
capture was made Thursday on board
the Canadian-Australian liner Warrlmoo
when she tied up at the outer wharf
on her way to Australia. The prisoner
Is James Talllard, alias J. E. Knight.
alias J. W. Blake, alias Janes, who has
been wanted for a long time on the
charge of obtaining money under false
pretenses. In March, 1S35, Talllard or
ganized In Victoria a company to work
the Anderson lake hydraulic claim, that
he represented to have located, and obtained
over $5,000 advance in varying
sums from men whom he had induced
to go in with him In the venturer Among
these was Mr. J. A. Coates of this city,
who had decided to invest a thousand
dollars, but when Talllard wanted the
advance, he gave him $700, keeping back
$300 as a matter of precaution. Mr.
Coates said that Talllard represented
the hydraulic claim to be rich, and that
he had a good title to the claim. When
Talllard got the money he suddenly disappeared,
-and though a warrant was taken
out for him, he could not bo found.
The other victims decided to let the
matter go, but Mr. Coates spent a good
deal of money In trying to hunt up
even sending back to Philadelphia.
Talllard's native place, and employing
Plnkerton detectives to make a search,
but without effect. Mr. Coates, some six
weeks after Talllard's disappearance,
went up to Lillodet to look up tha Anderson
lake claim, and found that although
It had been staked it had never
been recorded, the mining recorder did
not know anything about it. The claim
also turned out to be not at all as represented,
though there was a little gold .
Talllard for quite a number of years
had lived in British Columbia, and he
claimed to be a mining engineer by profession.
Several years back he was engaged
In a mining venture near Hope, on
the mainland, and had been at Texada
Island for a time.
His reputation on the mainland was
not very enviable, as he seems to bae
had a fashion of neglecting to pay his
hotel bills at Lillooet, Vancouver and
The day before yesterday he suddenly
appeared In Vancouver, coming from
the American side, and registered at the
Leland Hotel as J. E. Knight
Ex-Sergeant Haywood.who from his
extensive police and detective work. Is
alive to his business and has a kea
memory, spotted Talllard at one, and
wired over here to the provincial police
and to Mr. Coates. The latter on Wednesday
night took the boat for Vancouver,
Intending to have Talllard arrested
there. At 4 o'clock yesterday morning,
however, Talllard, under tho name of
Blake, boarded the Warrlmeo for Honolulu,
and Mr. Haywood quietly followed
suit, after wiring to the provincial
police. On the way across
became very uneasy when he saw
his fellow passenger, but Mr. Hajwood
did not give him nny hint that be wa
on the chase. Nearlng Victoria, Tallianl
sought his berth. When the steamer
tied up Mr. Haywood quietly arrested
his man, who was In a perfect fright
and rolled up tight in his blankets, striving
to avoid notice. Sergeant Langloy
of tho provincial police force was on the
wharf to assist in the capture, and
was locked up prpraptijr In t!
provincial police station on a charge of
obtaining money under false pretenses.
When the prisoner was searched $13
in gold was found in his pockets, and be
protested that was all the money he had.
Sergeant Langley, however, discovered
tied tightly by a silk handkerchief round
his body, some $1,300 In bills spread
Talllard's back. In all the prisoner had
$1,496.25 on his person, besides a six-shooter
in his hip pocket.
Last night Mr. Coates returned from
Vancouver on the Charmer, and very-much
pleased he was to And that the
man he had sought for so long was at
last under arrest. Mr. Coates was high
In hi praise of Mr. Haywood's clever
work, as without him the prisoner would
by this time have been safe from pursuit
on. the Pacific.
Talllard, or Blake, as he was sometimes
called. Is fairly well known here.
When In Honolulu a year ago he -was
on the list of opium suspects. He had
plenty of money and expressed a wish to
Invest In enterprises here. He was recognized
by a former Victorian now in
Honolulu, and steered clear of him.
When he left Honolulu It wag supposed
that he went to Victoria for the purpose
of bringing down a schooner load
of opium, and the authorities have been
on the watch for him. From the account
published above It la probable that
Mr. will remain
away for some time to come.