Newspaper Page Text
ISSUED TUESDAYS AND FEIDAYS
W. R. FARRINGTON, EDITOR.
Per month---... t .so
Per month, .75
year-.. .. fi.OO
Per year, Foreliiii G.00
Payable Invariably In Advance.
C. G. BALLESTYXE,
M. S. GRINBAUM & CO., Ltd.
Importers and Commission
Sax Fbascisco .. and Honolulu.
215 Front St. Qneen fit
HAWAIIAN WINE CO.,
Frank Brown, Manager. 28 and
30 Merchant St.. Honolulu. H.I.
W. A. KINNEY,
Attorney at Law. Safe Deposit
Building, upstairs, Fort Street.
Honolulu. H. I.
LYLE A. DICKEY,
at Law. p. O. Box
196. Honolulu H I.
WILLIAM C. PARKE,
Attorney at Law and Agent to
take Acknowledgments. No. 13
Kaahumanu Street. Honolulu, H. I.
W. R. CASTLE,
Attorney at Law and Notary
Attends all Courts of the
Republic. Honolulu, H. I.
A. J. DERBY, D. D. S.
Alakea Street, Between Hotel and
Hours, 9 to 4. Telephone 616.
J. M. WHITNEY, M.D., D.D.S.
Dental Rooms on Fort Street.
In Brewer's BIock, cor. Fort
and Hotel Sts; entrance, Hotel St.
W. F. ALLEN,
Will be Dteased to transaot any
business entrusted tohlsoare.
Office over Bishop's Bank.
t H. E. McINTYRE & BRO.,
Grocery and Feed Store. Corner
King and Fort Sts., Honolulu.
THE WESTERN & HAWAIIAN
Investment Company, L'd. Money
Loaned for long or short periods
on approved security.
W. W. HALL, Manager.
WILDER & CO.,
vumber, Paints. Oils, Nalld, Salt,
- and Building Materials, all kinds.
H. W. SCHMIDT & SONS,
rmporters and Commissi Mer-
chants. Honolulu, H. I.
JOIIN T. WA'IERHOUSE,
f moorter and Dealer In General
1 Merchandise uueen at.,
Q. Lewers. F. J. Lowrcy. C. SI. Cooke.
LEWERS & COOKE,
Successors to JJewors fc Dickson.
Importers and Dealers In Lumber
and Building Materials. Fort St.
HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO.,
Machinery of every description
made to order.
ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO.,
Importers and Commission
King and Bethel Streets,
Honolulu, H. I.
F. A. SCHAEFER & CO.,
Importers and Commission Mer
chants Honolulu. Hawaiian
II. IIACKFELD & CO.,
General Comm'sston Agents.
Queen Street, Honolulu, H.
E. O. HALL & SON, L'D.
and OelTs in Hardware.
Importers Fort and King Sts.
Win. W. Hall : President ami Manajror
K. O. "White : Secretary and Treasurer
Win. r. Allen : : : Auditor
Thos. I Aay anc T W. Hobron, Directors
Wholesale and Retail Grocer
IJXCOUT BLOCK, KING ST.
Family, Plantation & Ships' Stores
Supplied on Short Nollco.
ew Goods by erery Steamer. Orders
from the other Mauds faithfully executed.
IB' GUIDE THROUGH HAWAII.
II. ir. Whitney, Publisher.
Only Complete Guide Published
Price, 75 Cents.
For sale in Honolulu by all book and
AT THE GAZETTE OFFICE.
Life History of Oldest Person in
KEPOOLELEAPAU, 124 YEARS OLD
Familiar "With Earliest
Events in History.
Visited Kilauea Volcano With Ka-
plolanl I Trained by the
After passing Smith street, walking
on the mauka side of King, one notices
a 'number of dingy, muddy alleys.
In the second one from the bridge
there is a relic of the early days of
the Hawaiian Islands. Walk through
the alley, and when you get to the rear
of the store facing King street, there
is another passage way, narrower than
the one which leads from King street,
to a collection of old tumble down cottages
occupied by Hawaiians.
If you want to find and converse
with the oldest inhabitant of the Islands,
turn into this narrow way and
stop at the two-story house on the
left. It is an old place, so old that
the date of the erection of it is almost
forgotten by the people who live in it
or in the cottages around. On the upper
veranda an old koa bedstead stands
exposed to the Kona winds and rains
of the winter months. A bit of bedding
and a bunk, at some time used
by the younger generation of Hawaiians,
has been cast aside for the Hawaiian
of the old school, is not a believer
in soft beds; a mat on the floor
has greater attractions than the most
modern spring mattress.
On the lower floor the house is divided
into three rooms: a large one in
the center and flanked on either side
by two small ones. Here the family
eat and sleep? 'the'"cooking is done on
a keronsene tin in the yard.
On a mat in the largest of the three
rooms a reporter for the Advertiser
found the old woman. She piped an
"Aloha" to her visitors and took their
hands with the grasp of a girl of 20.
She is not a beautiful woman, though
the traditions of her family aver that
she was noted for her charms in her
youth. The hand of Time, however,
has seared her face and left many
wrinkles as evidence of the years' she
has passed through. Being to an extent
deprived of her hearing it was
with difficulty that one in the party
who spoke Hawaiian, could make himself
understood. She was willing to
talk, and she was able, but she must
be allowed to go on in her own way
without being bored with questions.
Sir. Atkinson, General Inspector of
Census, made several visits subsequently,
and investigated the case of
the woman, who is supposed to be anywhere
from 120 to 124 years of age. He
tells his story in his own inimitable
"Among the census returns received
in my office were many which gave
ages of natives varying from 100 to 110
or so. These cases I had investigated
by the district superintendents, but
when I came across an old lady in
Honolulu who claimed to be 124 years
of age, I thought it was time to make
investigations on my own account.
"To carry out this investigation I
asked Prof. Alexander and Mrs.
to accompany me. Prof. Alexan
der has a wide-world reputation as an
historian of the Islands, as a man of
exact thought and of the highest culture.
Mrs. Nakuina is an Hawaiian
lady of high cultivation, both in English
and her own language, and has
also a very thorough knowledge of the
history of the country. For myself,
my training as a newspaper editor has
made me ready to watch facts, and a
long period of work as Inspector General
of Schools has forced me to value
evidence and weigh it carefully.
"I give the above statement, because
I wish the deductions we have made
to bear the stamp of exactitude. The
case being a peculiar one and likely to
"On entering the house we found the
old lady sitting up on the floor. She
was attended by two women, one of
whom was the wife of a grandson.
She was very deaf and though not
blind, could not see very clearly, though
when I held a dollar in my hand she
saw it, put out her hand for it, and
placed it in her pocket. This was at
the close of the interview, but I mention
it here to show what the old lady's
"Prof. Alexander, after some preliminary
remarks, in order not to alarm
the old lady, suggested a number of
historical questions, which were put by
Mrs. Nakuina. From those we learned
that she remembered the abolition of
idolatry, that she remembered the war
in that connection. She stated that
she was a married woman and an attendant
of Kapiolani I, when the latter
descended into the crater of Kilauea
and broke the tabu, and that her
name was changed from Kepoolele to
VOL. XXXL NO. 9S. HONOLULU, H. L: TUESDAY.. DECEMBER S, 1S9H. SEMI-WEEKLY. WHOLE NO. 1S18.
Apau in consequence of the event. She
then (her ideas coming more quickly
as she continued talking) told us that
she remembered Keoua being killed at
Kawaihae. This occurred in 1791. The
event is thus described in Alexander's
History of the Hawaiian People, on
page 132, which says:
"'Toward the end of the year 1791
two of Kamehameha's chief counselors,
Kamanawa and Keaweaheulu, were
sent on an embassy to Keoua at
in Kau. Keoua's chief warrior
urged him to put them to death, which
he indignantly refused to do.
" 'By smooth speeches and fair
promises they persuaded him to go to
Kawaihae and have an interview with
Kamehameha, in order to put an end
lo the war, which had lasted nine years.
Accordingly he set out with his own
double canoe, accompanied by
in another canoe, and followed
by friends and retainers in other canoes.
"'As they approached the landing
at Kawaihae, Keeaumoku surrounded
Keoua's canoe with a number of armed
men. As Kamakau relates: "Seeing
Kamehameha on the beach, Keoua
called out to him: 'Here I am,' to
which he replied: 'Rise up and come
here, that we may know each other.' "
" 'As Keoua was in the act of leaping
ashore, Keeaumoku killed him with a
spear. All the men in Keoua's canoe
and in the canoes of his immediate
company were slaughtered but one.
But when the second division approached
Kamehameha gave orders to
stop the massacre. The bodies of the
slain were then laid upon the altar of
Puukohola as an offering to the bloodthirsty
of Kukailimoku. That
of Kecua had been previously baked in
an oven at the foot of the hill as a last
indignity. This treacherous murder
made Kamehameha master of the
whole Island of Hawaii, and was the
first step toward the consolidation of
the group under one Government. But,
as Fornander says: "We may admire
the edifice whose foundation he (Kamehameha)
laid, but we must note that
one of its corner stones is laid In
"Finally she volunteered the information
that she remembered the digging
of the well in Kau, and that she
was a child at the time, similar to a
child running about the house, a child
of between 6 and 7. This event occurred
in 1781, and is described in
"This would make her 122 years old,
according to exact calculation, but it is
quite permissable to allow her a couple
of years more, as she claims.
"I followed up another method of
investigation and inquired how many
children she had, tracing their descendants.
This I was enabled to do to
the fifth generation. Allowing the ordinary
30 years for a generation, four
generations would give 120 years, and
we can easily allow four years for the
fifth, bringing out her age at what she
claims by an entirely different method
of investigation. We were, therefore,
satisfied that the old lady had spoken
"What a curious link with the past
she is. She must have been a little
toddling child when Capt. Cook came
to the Islands. She has seen the monarchy
of Hawaii consolidated and she
has seen its fall. She remains today a
monument of the past, but one which
must soon glide away and pass to the
We certify that the above statement
rMA M. NAKUINA.
W. D. ALEXANDER.
Mrs. Nakuina, at Mr. Atkinson's
request, visited the old lady on several
occasions, and has elicited the following
THE HISTORY OF KEPOOLELE
"She was born in Keahialaka, in
Puna, Hawaii, and was about 6 years
old when Kamehameha made the attempt
to sink a well at Kalae, in Kau.
"Kapoolele, her first name, was
called after a chief, Kaiakauilani,
brother to Haalou, who was
mother. This Kaiakauilani
was accused of having caused the death
of some high chiefs by sorcery, and a
petition wasmade to the King to have
his head cut off as a dangerous character,
hence the name Kepoolele (the
"Her second name of Apau, by which
she has been known longest,. was given
to her in commemoration of
visit to the crater of Kilauea, and
her defiance to Pele, when it was generally
prophesied that Kapiolani would
be swallowed bodily by Pele for her
temerity. Apau means 'you will be
ate up.' She was a woman grown at
the time she received the name.
"Her father's name was Kapa, afterward
Piena. Kapa was called after the
mother-of-pearl fish-hook of Kaleipuu
(otherwise Kalaniopuu). Kapa was
born during a fishing expedition of the
King of that name, Kapa's father being
a head fisherman of Puna at the
time and thus the name to commemorate
that visit of the King. Her mother's
name was Kanealoha. They were
"During childhood she lived mostly
in Puna, with occasional visits to Hilo,
and more rarely to Kau. She distinctly
remembers seeing Kamehameha
during the attempt to sink the well at
Kalae. Also remembered Keoua's last
visit to Puna to raise recruits to go to
war with Kamehameha, just before he
was induced to go meet the latter at
Kawaihae, where he was treacherously
put to death and offered in sacrifice
for the dedication of the Heiau at
Puukohola. The incident of Keoua's
visit was fixed on her mind by the extra
efforts made by her father to find unusual
hiding places, in which to stow
away his family, so they would not be
discovered by the King's messengers,
and thus be compelled to betray his
own. All the well known caves and
usual places'of resort being useless for
"Apau was a full grown woman when
Kapiolani and Naihe went from Kona
to Kau to cut sandalwood. Naihe remained
in Kau with the workmen, but
Kapiolani extended her trip to Hilo by
way of Puna, where she saw and took
a liking to the subject of this sketch,
and made an aikane of her (a friend
with privileges of an own sister a
sort of second self), and according to
the custom of those days, took her back
with her on her return to Kona. Apau
did not see Puna again for many years.
"Kamike. the daughter-in-law of
Apau, tells of the family tradition of
Apau's great beauty as a young woman
and up to the time she was disfigured
by being poisoned. Her personal beauty
was such that Kapiolani ordered her
hair cut and combed to fall evenly
over her face to her nose (a sort of ancient
forerunner to the modern bangs),
and she was required by her august
friend and mistress to always dress
her hair in that style, that is falling
like a veil before and half way down
"The cautious chiefess, having fears
as to the firmness and stability of her
lord's recent conversion to Christianity
and prudently thought, no doubt,
that the constant and familiar
(Sketched by Harry Roberts fro
ence of unusual beauty was rather distracting
and tended to weaken the
good and virtuous resolutions of a
chief heretofore accustomed to have a
wish gratified as soon as expressed.
"Apau was converted to Christianity
with Kapiolani, and both were taught
letters along with the whole household.
They were first taught from a
haole (English) book and afterwards
from a native one. She has been a
constant reader of the Bible until about
two years ago when her sight failed,
and when in the mood can repeat almost
whole chapters of the Bible.
"Kapiolani would not permit her
protege to have a husband for many
years, but after repeated entreaties
by a member of her own household
added to those of Apau herself, she
"Just before the marriage was to
take place Kawika, who' was a cook
in the family of the missionary who
was Kapiolani's religious teacher, told
his master he had obtained favors
proper for a husband from Apau and
she ought to become his wife, as he
"The master pleaded Kawika's cause
with Kapiolani and Naihe, and although
Apau strenuously denied the
fact of favors given or received from
Kawika, she was ordered by that very
religious and perhaps over-zealous lady
to marry Kawika.
"She had to obey, and was married to
him, but always resented the fact of
having to live with a man she did not
love, who, she maintains to the present
day, told a lie in the matter of her
conduct, just to obtain her.
"Three children were the fruit of
that marriage, the last a girl, Makui,
lived to womanhood and died about 20
years ago. Soon after the birth pf the
girl she had a chance to visit her parents
at Puna, and went there. She did
not return to her husband, who finally
obtained a divorce from her.
"After their divorce they became
quite friendly. He sent her a present
of some raw fish, which she claims
was poisoned, for as soon as she ate
of it her lips and nose began to itch
and then swelled.
"In a little while the swelling extended
all over her face and head, and
was only relieved when running sores
formed. She was sick a very long
time. She finally came to Hilo for medical
treatment. Her husband was living
there, and the missionaries got
after, them both and induced them to
consent to live together again.
"They were remarried by Mr. Coan,
and the child now living, Kalanao, was
the fruit of that union. Apau was by
this time permanently disfigured. The
child was left Vith the grandparents
while the father and mother went to
Waimea, Kohala, in the service of the
"Af ter some time a chief died in Honolulu,
and Apau came to the wailing.
She seized her opportunity and never
returned to her husband.
"In Honolulu she first lived in Kaeo's
lot on Maunakea street, on the
side, between King and Hotel.
She, with others, washed for the shipping
and also sewed for a living, having
been thoroughly taught in those
domestic duties in the household of
Kapiolani, as well as during her service
under the missionaries.
"After some years she moved to
Kaaione's lot on the Ewa side of the
same street, and lived with her sister
"After some years they moved to
Kapuukolo, below King street. Here
a woman, called Paele, who, it is believed,
is still living and at Ewa, was
her friend and co-laborer in the wash
"This Paele was the first native to
be taken with smallpox on the Hawaiian
Islands. Apau claims Paele got
the infection from a bundle of clothes
from the ships for which they washed.
Every one around them was stricken
with the disease, but Apau escaped
entirely, though she continued to live
in the infected quarter, to care for or
to prepare for burial her relatives and
"The old lady made the remark when
telling of her immunity from smallpox
that God did not care to inflict
her with that disease, as she was al-
124 YEARS OLD.
m a photograph by J. J. Williams.)
ready disfigured by the man whom the
chiefs, acting by advice of their religious
teachers, had compelled her to
take, and that he knew she had suffered
enough. Her husband, in the
meantime, had obtained another divorce
from her and remarried.
"When her son, Kalauao, came to
Honolulu to live, she moved up to
about where she is living now. Her
son was born some time before the
volcanic eruption, when the lava flowed
"Apau continued to take in "washing
till very recent years, when the
Chinamen, having absorbed all that
business, she confined herself to such
washing for her son's family and other
work as was needed. Two years
ago she slipped in a bath room, where
some one had been washing clothes,
and the floor was slippery from soap.
A bone was dislocated by the fall, and
she has been a cripple ever since.
"She is getting purblind, but her
general health Is good and her appetite
fair. She is confident that if she
had not had that fall she would have
been still able to be useful
"The writer saw her, on one of the
visits paid, for the purpose of getting
her history, pick a patch to pieces on
the seat of a working man's pants
with the intention of repairing it, and
as the old lady was evidently waiting
for the visitor to leave before going
on with her work, though urged to
go on, the latter had perforce to leave,
though very deslrious to see her at
work. She handled the articles
and as if it was her usual
Population of Japan.
The Official Gazette contains a statement
of the population of Japan at the
close of last year:
Number of habitations 7,935,909
Total population 42,270.620
Nobles (Kwazoku) 4,162
Former Samurai (Shizoku). 2,050,115
Commoners (Heimln) 40,216,314
Unregistered (in prison).... 1,319
Compared with the preceding year,
these figures show increases of 51.700
persons. Japan Mall.
After hearing some friends continually
praising Chamberlain's Colic,
Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy, Curtis
Fleck, of Anaheim, California, purchased
a bottle of it for his own use
and is now as enthusiastic over its wonderful
wgrk as anyone can be. The 25
and 50 cent sizes for sale by all Druggists
and Dealers; Benson, Smith &
Co., Agents for Hawaiian Islands.
A perfectly proportioned man weighs
twenty-eight pounds for every foot of
Anneiation Qui Oipizes ani
LORRIH A. THURSTON PRESIDENT
Big Attendance at Drill
Shed Last Night.
Constitution Adopted Stirring
Speeches Made by Ardent
Honolulu has seen larger and more
exciting annexation meetings than
that held Friday evening in the Drill
Shed, but at none of the meetings held
in past years has there been a more
healty, business-like, political determination
displayed. When Chairman
Hartwell called the meeting to order.
there were fully 500 people in the hall,
a large proportion of whom were members
of the original Annexation Club,
and also a good number who had come
to add their names to the list, in order
that they might Join In the good work.
The business of the meeting ran
along smoothly. Ample time was given
for discussion, and the general unanimity
of opinion demonstrated that the
majority of those present were not inclined
to split hairs on small points.
The speech-making which interspersed
the business deliberations was sharp,
short and to the point, and the enthusiasm
reached Its highest pitch
when P. C. Jones declared for annexation,
contract labor or no contract
In opening the meeting, Mr. Hart-well
"Gentlemen of the Annexation Club
and Its Friends:
"At a meeting of the Annexation
Club last Friday evening a wish was
expressed that the Club should be so
organized that its membership should
be open to friends of annexation generally,
without regard to any particular
political or party bias, to enable
all who believe In that object to associate
together to accomplish that purpose.
That wish found expression in a
motion to the effect that a special committee
should be appointed to draft a
constitution to incorporate that Idea,
and to propose that draft at a meeting
which that committee was authorized
to call. This meeting is called
pursuant to that motion, and the"report
of that committee is now in order.
The report and the constitution werf
To the Presiding Officer of the Annexation
The committee appointed to draft a
constitution and by-laws of the Club
and submit the same at a meeting of
the Club, to be called by the committee,
now report that they have prepared
and herewith submit a draft of
the constitution, embodying all the essentials
of by-laws which seem to the
committee to be requisite to accomplish
the single purpose of the club,
which is contemplated by Its proposed
constitution. J. H. FISHER,
CONSTITUTION OF THE ANNEXATION
CLUB OF THE REPUBLIC
1. Object: The sqle object of the
Club is and shall be to promote and
advocate the annexation of Hawaii to
the United States of America, and for
this end, to enroll as members all
adult male residents of the Republic
of Hawaii, irrespective of and entirely
apart from any political party or belief,
who consider such annexation desirable,
and who are either of aboriginal
Hawaiian birth or of American.
English or European birth or parentage.
2. Membership: Any such person a
mentioned in Article I may became a
member by signing the constitution.
3. Officers: The officers of the Club
shall be elected upon the adoption of
this constitution, and shall be a president
and four vice presidents, a recording
secretary, a. treasurer, a financial
secretary and an Enrollment Committee,
consisting of seven persona, all
of which officers being members of the
Club shall be chosen annually to hold
office until their successors be chosen
and accept office. Any vacancy may be
filled by the officers at any meeting of
officers. All the officers shall constitute
the Executive Committee oflthe
Club. The officers may
4. Meetings: The Club shall meet In
Honolulu on the first Tuesday of each
month and the first Tuesday of June,
annually, for choice of officers and
such other business as shall properly
come before It, and at such other times
as shall be decided at a meeting of the
Board of Officers, or at the written request
of not less than 20 members.
5. Quorum: A quorum at any meeting
of the Club shall consist of the officers
calling such meeting, and of. not
less than SO members besides. A
at any meeting of the officers, shall
consist of the officers calling the same,
and of other officers, so as to form a
majority of all the officers.
C. Branch Clubs: Branch Clubs In
the several election districts may be