Newspaper Page Text
S.e -V -" Pjii ',j?wnyiHyMj'iB 1"- iupwiir,rri w VOL. WHOLE NO. 1861. XXXII 2fO. 37. HONOLULU, n. L: FRIDAY, MAY 7. 1S97. SEMI-WEEKLY. NO ARBITRATION linister Sbiraamnra on Inflemnity WILL BE SETTLED PROMPTLY Cases of Japanese Emigrants Investigated. Government Against Government. Officials Not Considered-Wilt Sit Next Week. The big cruiser Naniwa, of H. I. J. M.'s navy, was signaled early yesterday morning, and arrived In the harbor about 10 o'clock. Directly her anchors dropped there was a booming of cannon. The Hawaiian flag was first saluted with 21 guns, which was answered by the shore battery, then followed a salute of 13 guns to the American Admiral, which was answered by the guns of the Philadelphia, and then there was a stir along the water front. Some old and young men , who have "gone down to the sea In ships," figuring out that the saluting was not properly balanced; only 13 guns to the American flag and 21 to the Hawaiian was too great a difference for these wiseacres, and from the amount of speculation indulged in one would suppose the Admiral woulddemand an apology at once. As the Naniwa had not been blown out of the water up to the time the Australia sailed, the men -who knew it all wondered all the harder, and told their friends about it, and the report of the supposed insult was carried to the Coast to be published in the 'Frisco papers. But there was no insult, reports to the contrary notwithstanding. According to an officer of the Philadelphia, all the salute necessary was given. In naval etiquette, the port is first saluted with 21 guns. following this comes the salute to the warships, according to the rank of the coffiEiander, regardless of the flag of to which it belongs. ThelNaniwa Is by no means the larg est warship in the Japanese navy, but it is one in which that Government takes particular pride, owing to her work in the China-Japan war. She came here in 1SS3. making the trip in something like 11 days. Her armament consists of eight heavy guns, six of which are quick-firing: six quick-firing guns of smaller caliber: 10 machine guns, and four torpedo tubes. The officers are: T. captain; R. Kajikawa, commander; R. Tonehara, gun lieutenant; Y. Fujimoto, torpedo lieutenant: IC Isobe, navigating lieutenant: K. Koyano. chief surgeon; XT. Suigimoto. assistant surgeon: T. Akiyama, chief paymaster; T. Tamasaki, second lieutenant: S. Horiuchi, third lieutenant; M. Fukuda, fourth lieutenant: J. chief engineer; M. Tamasaki, first engineer; F. TJeno. second engineer; G. Shigemura, R. Snyetsugu, assistant engineers; J. Arima, 1L Iida, K. Nagashima, sub-lieutenants; S. Saito, S. Kushima, assistant paymasters: T. Matsushita, K. midshipmen. in addition to the officers, there is a crew of 350 men. The mission of the Kanlwa was to bring to Honolulu the following gentlemen, who will investigate the matter of rejecting the 63S Japanese laborers, who came here nearly a month ago: M. Akiyama, a counsellor from the Japanese Office of Foreign Affairs: C. Saito, director of the Tokio Emigration Company, Limited, of Yokohama; S. Segawa, manager of the Morloka Emigration Company. In order that the progress and the investigation may be recorded, the following representatives of the Japan vernacular press, aecoipiianied the commissioner: T. Jshikawa, 1L Mshl, Fnrnya. Sekl and Suzuki. In the afternoon Commissioner Akiyama and Captain called on - Minister Shimamura, and later, the MinHer returned the captain's visit. A representative of the Advertiser called on Minister Shimamura for the purpose of securing such information regarding the commissioner's visit as he was at liberty to give to the press. "Commissioner Akiyama comes here merely to work In conjunction with me in securing a settlement of the claims of my Government for what we consider the unjust treatment, of our people in refusing to allow a number of Japanese emigrants to land here. Our claims will be presented to this Government through the Minister of Foreign Affairs. "We do not treat with individuals, but with Governments. The fact that Mr. Castle was called away from the country at this time is of no consequence in the course of the investigation. This matter Is one to be settled by the Government, through their representatives, not by the heads of departments. So far as we are concerned, the Custom House is unknown. The Investigation was made by Minister Cooper and Collector General Castle, or by his deputy, and their report submitted. The result of that was kindly furnished me by Minister Cooper, at my request, and forwarded by me to my Government The men examined hero and refused a landing were examined by the Japanese Government on their return, and I have in my possession all of the papers connected with the case at both ends of the line. "I have received instructions from my Government, through the office of he Minister of Foreign Affairs, and on the lines laid down the investigation will be made. While the instructions are in a measure simple and explicit, they cannot be acted upon hastily thev require careful reading to be perfectly understood. Of course, I cannot show them to you. nor can I tell vou what thpy are. for publication. I will say. however, that I confidentlv believe the Hawaiian Government will very promptly acquiesce in our demands when they are presented. "It is not for Minister Cooper or any individual to say whether or not the Hawaiian Government will yield to the demands of Japan it is for the Government the President and his Cabinet to decide. "No. I do not think the matter will be left to arbitration, even if this Government should decline to settle. The monetary claim Is a mere pittance, and I have cot the slightest doubt that it will be promptly met. "Any one who knows anything about international law would not suggest arbitration in an affair of this kind. It is of too little moment, but. of course, we intend that our people will be given justice, and they will receive it through peaceful negotiations. There will be no war, no abrogation of the treaty.. Snch stuff may do to fill up the newspapers with, but to men who are familiar with the customs adopted in such cases as this it is laushable. Japan has no intention of abrogating he treaty, while it has the. power to iraend It or make a new one. You understand that a new one can be made t any time either Government deems it advisable. It the Hawaiian Government expresses a wish to take such Lan extraordinary step, I presume it nay do so without seriously affecting Tapan. There are so many other countries than Hawaii, and Japan is such a large territory, that I doubt if we would be affected by the abrogation. though it would certainly be, very unpleasant The two Governments have been on such friendly terms that it is hard to contemplate such a condition of affairs. "As to the position occupied by Commissioner Akiyama in the negotiation", I will say that he has no paramount opwers, nor Is he credited as Japan's 'enresentatlve above me; I am the "Minister and -will conduct yie negotiations, assisted, of course, by him. As we wish to consult before opening it is probable nothing will bo done in the matter until next week. Tiy that time the commissioner will have learned whatever he wishes to Vnow, and will rest in the meantime. One thing I would like to Imcress upon he people here, and that is that Japan Is for peace. Some of the Japanese newspapers seem to have worked them selves into a turmoil over the affair, and. to read them, one would suppose the entire Japanese navy would center "t Honolulu. Such is not the cas Tapan is not anxious for war with a na- 5nn as friendlv as Han-ail has been. The Government fully understands ha "wAi a course would strain its relations with another and greater power that is alo friendlv the United States. "My Government understands that Hawaii is a ward of the United States, and as such is a part of it. except as to form. It believes, too, that if it is necessary for the United States to be consulted as to the justice of our claims, the decision would be in our favor. But It will not come to that point Hawaii will pay the debt and will be willing, if requested, to amend the existing treaty so that a recurrence of this affair is not probable." - HAVEMEVFR IS DEAD. Wh of Snjiar Trnst anil a NEW YORK, April 26. Theodore A. Havemeyer died at 3 o'clock this morning. Mr. Havemeyer was vice president of the sugar trust and was born in New York city In 1S39. His brother, Henry Havemeyer, is the president of the company. Theodore, at an early age, began work in his father's refinery, and learned all the details of the sugar-refining Industry. He was ad mitted into partnership in 1S61, and soon afterward opened a refinery of his own. To his millions made in sugar he added hundreds of thousands, made in the banking business and by wie dealings in real estate. His wife was a daughter of the Chevalier de Looser, the Austrian Consul General to New York. He leaves nine children. lecture at I'unalioti. Rev. . J. M. Monroe, pastor of the Christian Church of this city, delivered an interesting and eloquent lecture before the students of Oahn College yesterday afternoon on "The Civil War in America." Mr. Monroe speaks from an intimate knowledge of the subject having served under the command of his friend, General Garfield, and having been dangerously wounded at the battle of Vicksburg. According to the newspapers an Ohio husband became the happy father of seven children not long ago. Of the seven all lived but one. It is to be hoped that he laid In a supply of Chamberlain's Cough Remedy, the only sure nire for croup, whooping cough, colds and coughs, and so insured his children against these diseases. For sale by all druggists and dealers. Benson, Smith Co., agents for H. L FOR ABROGATION Senator Pertins Says Treaty is Hot EeciproeaL HAS PRESENTED TWO PETITIONS Like Spreckels, He Will Work for His State. He Believes Hawaii Has Best End of the Bargain He Quotes Statistics WASHINGTN, April 21. The light for and against the abrogation of the Hawaiian reciprocity treaty is getting hot Senator Perkins today presented to the Senate two huge petitions from California, one favoring and the other opposing the treaty's abrogation. The petitions were referred to the Foreign Relations and the Finance A lively debate is sure to be over the abrogation of the treaty, whether the proposition comes from -he Finance Committee or as an amendment proposed by Senator MillSt To offset this, Senator Chandler will ioubtless repeat his former argument hat the United States ought not to' jeopardize its ascendancy in the c, while Senator Morgan will insist hat the existence of the treaty gives his country a command, of the situation not to be wilfully 'hrown away. The news of the possible action of he Finance Committee has grea'tly excited the Pacific Slope. Senator Perkins has already filed the petition of the California State Grange in favor of abrogating the treaty, and yesterday he received the petitiqn of a large number of representative merchants, manufacturers and capitalists in San Francisco, taking the opposite iew. This petition denies that the United States have been the losers by the operations of the treaty. Senator Aldrich Is said to be strongly opposed to the treaty's continuance, and it is considered probable that the tariff bill to be reported from the Finance Committee will provide for its abrogation. Mr. Mills of Texas will make a speech in support of this proposition. The possible abrogation of the treaty brings' up the important question of whether the right granted to the United States in that treaty to exclusively use Pearl River harbor and establish i coaling station there would also fall to the ground at the same time. Senator Frye, who has given the question considerable thought, said that morally the United States would have to abandon the harbor, but legally It could keep possession. "At the time of the negotiation of the treaty," said Mr. Frye, "the Foreign Relations Committee was unanimously of the opinion that the cession of the harbor was. for all time, but Minister Carter asking an opinion of the State Department, was Informed by Secretary Bayard that the right to the harbor expired with the treaty. Personally, I don't think we could hold the harbor and look any other nation in the face. I don't believe though, that the treaty will be abrogated." Senator Mills, who has been fighting for the repeal of the treaty for 20 years said that the Pearl Harbor question did not enter into the question at all. "We will keep the harbor, If need be," said he. "We have already given the Hawaiians some $70,000,000 In remit ted duties and that ought to pay for any harbor on earth. The treaty was illegally negotiated in the first place. "The House of Representatives is empowered to raise revenue and it should have been consulted when there was a proposition to release millions and millions of revenue. The ratification of the treaty by the Senate was an act of usurpation. I shall certainly do all I can to secure its repeal." In this connection it Is interesting to know that Secretary Sherman believes that the abrogation of the treaty wonld not carry with it the loss of Pearl Harbor. When the subject was last before the Senate he made his position very plain. "We have an absolute, undeniable, unqualified grant," said he, "which was originally paid for by $23,000,000, to say nothing, of an extension of 7 years, which was eiven. We have paid and doubly paid. for that harbor; we own It now; It Is In our possession." Although a two-thirds vote is required to ratify a treaty, the abrogation can be secured by a majority vote. Whether this majority vote can be obtained is of course a matter more for speculation than certain prediction at this time. Of these 11, Messrs. Aldrich, Allen, Cafferry, Cnllom, Hansbrough, Mills and Pettigrew are still in the Senate. Circumstances then, however, were much different from what they are at the present time. The amendment was offered in opposition to the Finance Committee, and the Democrats, with two exceptions, stood by their party. If the proposition comes before a session with the indorsement of the Finance Committee it will have a- much better status incourt, so to speak, and besides this the development of the beet-sugar. Industry has done much to . stlmulato opposition. Three years ago there was no one moro antagonistic to the abrogation ot the treaty than Senator Perkins. Mr. Perkins Is now In clined to think that a majority of tho Senate favors abrogation and he included himself in this majority. While several causes are operating to bring about the abrogation ot tho treaty, tho most important Is tho belief that the United States is getting considerably the worst of the bargain. Senntor Perkins says: "Reciprocity ought to reciprocate, but in this case it does not seem to do so. Under tho treaty all the sugar producrtl In Hawaii comes in free ot duty. Tho amount has steadily risen until In 1S92 It aggregated $S,000,000, and last year was nearly $12,000,000. "This represents the amount of money we pay the sugar growers In the Islands. In the new tariff the duty on sugar Is $30 a ton. As wo remit that duty in favor ot the Hawaiians. it means that we present them with a bounty of $30 a. ton on all the sugar they produce. "There Is no reason why we should make that discrimination in their favor." "They take goods from us, to be sure, but only about $3,000,000 or $4.-000,000 a year, so that the balance of ADMIRAL JOSEPH 3f. MILLER. trade Is Immensely in their favor. While the value of our purchases from them has Increased at the rate of $1,-000,000 a year our exports last year to them were only $200,000 larger than they were in 1S92. This is the nub of the whole matter, so far as our Imports and exports are concerned. As for our own Interests, I know that at the Watsonville sugar factor', In my State, during the five months and a half of the sugar campaign, there was paid out $4,400 a day to farmers for their sugar beets, while $1,200 a day additional was paid out for labor, lime and fuel. While I am aware that there Is a very strong protest In San Francisco against abrogating the treaty I feel that the people of the State would rather have the treaty abolished, and I must also consider their interests." "It is said that the abrogation of the treaty and the consequent Imposition of the sugar tariff on the Hawaiian product would bankrupt the. planters of the Islands," remarked the correspondent "It would do nothing of the kind," promptly responded Mr. Perkins. "These plantations now pay 25 per cent on the money Invested. With the duty on sugar they would pay 10 or 12 per cent." MRS. DOMIXIS TO HE THHItE. She Ilns Sot Yer Itnlsod n tlon of Trpc"lencp. NEW YORK, April 22, Mrs. Do-minis, formerly Queen Llliuokalani, has engaged rooms for herself and party at the Albemarle, and will be here during the Grant monument ceremonies. The former Queen is now in Washington. She will arrive Monday. It is rumored that her grand chamberlain has communicated with the committee In charge of receiving distinguished guests, but any arrangements that have been made for the a manner ann unuer sucn .. - .. . , , it,Bucn Hawaiian t.i5. have not been dl- j t'M as to present all phases of the Islands, questIon and not the single nnancla, rd-ae which is primarily raised by the Mrpomlnis will not travel on either of'the special trains, and there- The gtatement then dlKU8ies the fore question of In her no precedence , f u u,d gta(eg case wll disturb the transportation I a d .,th , h committee. Should the commit ee onlhand8 f h u, th , plan and scope, which has the coa taU from Nlcaragua to al of the seats at the tomb, recognize HongkonBi from San FrancIsC0 to Sa- i """ ,",","' ., to. ia in the diplomatic corps. The Spanish cruiser Infanta Maria Teresa passed in at Sandy Hook at 7:55 a. m. today. She will represent Spain at the Grant monumental celebration. Ilntlor Committed for Trial. SYDNEY, N. S. W., April 27. Frank Butler, who was arrested on the ship Swanhilda February 2, upon the arrival of that vessel at San Francisco, on a charge of having murdered sev eral men In Australia, was arraigned before a magistrate today and com- mitted for trial. I"M fiTO nFinOF"ElT Pll b HI. I A rKPArW I Til I flw I W I IIIWil I mm Mr. Thurston Mmits His Argu ments to Committee. DUTY WOULD DERANGE TRADE Financial Phase Not the Only One. Should Treaty be Abrogated Hawaii. Must Seek for Other Markets. WASHINGTON, April 27. Lorin A. TSurston, from Hawaii, and at present a special commissioner from that country, has submitted to the Finance Committee of the Senate a statement of the reasons why the Hawaiian reciprocity treaty ought not to be ahrogated by the tariff bill and why it should not, on Its merits, be abrogated at all. Afte pointing out that the treaty provides that it shall remain In force for twelve months after notice of abrogation, the statement says in part: "It is proposed, however, to practically abrogate the treaty by putting a tariff on Hawaiian products Imported into the United States, which are free by treaty, regardless of the treaty. It Ib submitted that this suggestion should not be followed for four reasons, First It would be a deliberate violation of a solemn treaty. There is no overwhelming necessity shown for Im mediate action of so grave a character as to require repudiation of an interna tional treaty. "Second, the imposition ot a duty on Hawaiian products, especially without the notice required by the treaty, would disarrange and throw into confusion all of the mercantile and financial Interests existing between the Islands and the United States, and suspend, curtail and ruin not only many Hawai ian citizens, but great numbers of Am ericans both in Hawaii and the United States, who have made investments to the amount of approximately $10,000,-000 upon the faith of the treaty. "Third, the tariff hill is a revenue measure and should not be complicated by importing into It far-reaching questions of foreign policy questions upon which there is a great diversity of opinion and Involving far more than the mere dollars and rents to be derived from a duty on Hawaiian products. "Fourth, what the future policy of the United States concerning Hawaii Is to be is a question of the first importance and of broad national policy. It should be considered by Itself In ' moa, would be closed to American cruisers and made a center from which hostile descents could be made upon the Pacific Coast and its commerce destroyed. With Hawaii In the control of the United States the base of supplies of a hostile naval force Is thrown back to thp entire width of the Pacific, a practical prohibitive distance, as coal enough would have to be carried to steam across the Pacific and return, a distance of from 7.000 to 8.000 mllM to say nothing of coal consumption In operating on the Pacific Coast, a quan tity far beyond the capacity of any war ship in existence. American con- trol of Hawaii Is therefore a practical Insurance against naval attack on the I Pacific Coast and on shipping in that vicinity. "The objective point of United States policy has been political and not financial advantage. The reciprocity treaty was not primarily intended as an experiment In reclprocltv for tho purposo of evtenillng American trade The object In view was not dollars, but that which dollars could not buy the creation and maintenance ot a friendly state. The public history of Hawaii and the United States during tho past few years has demonstrated that this policy has been successful. Is It good policy of the United States to now about face and abandon the accrued benefits ot six years of statesmanship?" Under the head ot "Hawaii's Course If the Treaty Is Abrogated." the says: "If the treaty Is ahrogatetl Hawaii will be free to mnke such arrangements with other countries as circumstances may require. Stront; and steadfast as is the American feeling In Hawaii, if the island products are barred out ot tho American market by a practically prohibitive duty. they will be compeled. in order to avoid ruin to their chief Industries, to seek a market in Australln, Canada nnd.Knglnnd. and will be free to offer In compensation for special trade privileges accorded to Hawaii the rlgh's and privileges heretofore aeeerded to the U.nited States and now exclusively held by it under the terms of the, existing treaty." Elaborate statistics are given to show the advantages of the- treaty fo the Pacific Coast and the country In general. NOT YKT 1I8.VHY. Admiral MIMit W Allowwl to Wilt Wlillt. WASHINGTON, April B The revocation of the order that V'Tmlral Beardslee be relieved of tli .ommana of the Pacific station by Vlmir ti Mil ter at once, and the issuance i.r a new one providing that Beardslee tay at Honolulu until July, was taken tv tho annexationists todav to mean tha the policy of the administration as to the couwe there woukl be then and the new commandant ! ' t cpIto instructions lmfore leatir,:; The fact is. Miller requested tho ch.iice as he wishes to staj two raoti'h He has had appoint ol as hi- - .y -- retary Lieut Philip Andrew . r.i lumbla. The tmns'rr of the offlo t be made at onee Representative IHrlow of Tbo cu'h District has presumed to th House the largest petition on the H.ihau reaiproelty treat v yet devHor.i it to from tho fanrrrs of Sua Luis Obispo County, asfrinsr the ahmr .f the convention Ml th nnn' ""s of the House have ietrer and ' taking sides -n he tre;it 'hosf against being he-country tnd thosp 'a oring from the men 11 lie Saa Francisco. Senator Perkins lodsv ha' .i telegram frc.ni ilie San 'r Chamber of rnmnieree. (' that he support 'he treaty It . ground that eon of th l nls must not pass to t forpln tw - IX the interest of the nafetv of em Coast and that trade of San Fan Cisco would suffer if there sho tie a change of relations. Anions? otuer telegrams taking similar ground was one from Louis Slosa. Perkins says his - lea. I to the belief that the frw -n i of Hawaiian sugar is practical! v a uut of $30 a ton, which, as sugar .- dured by peon and contract 1 il. .- ii really the amount of the cost i which gives the product , rio great an advantage over Call' "aia beet sugar producers. While the Senate Finance CW'ji tee has Informally considered th.- -n-ar schedule, nothing definite 1 b done until the latter part of k AIlMIICVh MM. I. Hit Nor ( OMiVU AVII1 Go to I!rattaml rom'!oro Mny c otn NEW YORK, April 28.-Th an a Washington special says The Indira tions are that Miliar, recently assigned to the command of the Pacific naval station, will not go to Honolulu In July to relieve Rear d mlral Beardslee, as provided in orders Issued recently by the Navy Department The decision of the President ff nd Admiral Miller to London as special representative of the Tailed States at the Queen's Jubilee, will art a an abrogation of bis assignment to th Pacific station. When the Prae'dm and Secretary Long return they wi'l take up the question of seleettair another successor to Admiral Beardslee. Great care will be taken In making the selection. Several names are under consideration, but It is naderstood that the Inclination of President MeKIaley and Secretary Long points to Commodore Henry L. Howlson. He Is well acquainted with the people of Hawaii, and Is popular there. He has the reputation of being a man of Judgment and courage. The name of Commodore George Dewey may also be considered 1 IInwnllan tklnc Anintlon. WASHINGTON. April 27. Two Hawaiians W. N. Armstrong and W. A. Kinney are here to learn tha prospects for annexation. They say that they are In no sense representatives of the Dole Government, but cam to Washington on their own hook. They will see Secretary Sherman and probably President McKInley. They will also canvass the Senators on the chances for ratification of the treaty of annxeation. RS.; F l e Kr'' . - Oui n fcl Q. Ji i jSt1 - c h fc j? "! s" -.