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The Hawaiian gazette. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, May 07, 1897, Image 1

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-" Pjii ',j?wnyiHyMj'iB
1"- iupwiir,rri
VOL. WHOLE NO. 1861.
linister Sbiraamnra on Inflemnity
Cases of Japanese Emigrants
Government Against Government.
Officials Not Considered-Wilt
Sit Next Week.
The big cruiser Naniwa, of H. I. J.
M.'s navy, was signaled early yesterday
morning, and arrived In the harbor
about 10 o'clock. Directly her anchors
dropped there was a booming of
cannon. The Hawaiian flag was first
saluted with 21 guns, which was answered
by the shore battery, then followed
a salute of 13 guns to the American
Admiral, which was answered by
the guns of the Philadelphia, and then
there was a stir along the water front.
Some old and young men , who have
"gone down to the sea In ships," figuring
out that the saluting was not
properly balanced; only 13 guns to the
American flag and 21 to the Hawaiian
was too great a difference for these
wiseacres, and from the amount of
speculation indulged in one would suppose
the Admiral woulddemand an
apology at once. As the Naniwa had
not been blown out of the water up to
the time the Australia sailed, the men
-who knew it all wondered all the harder,
and told their friends about it, and
the report of the supposed insult was
carried to the Coast to be published in
the 'Frisco papers. But there was no
insult, reports to the contrary notwithstanding.
According to an officer of
the Philadelphia, all the salute necessary
was given. In naval etiquette,
the port is first saluted with 21 guns.
following this comes the salute to the
warships, according to the rank of the
coffiEiander, regardless of the flag of
to which it belongs.
ThelNaniwa Is by no means the larg
est warship in the Japanese navy, but
it is one in which that Government
takes particular pride, owing to her
work in the China-Japan war. She
came here in 1SS3. making the trip in
something like 11 days. Her armament
consists of eight heavy guns, six of
which are quick-firing: six quick-firing
guns of smaller caliber: 10 machine
guns, and four torpedo tubes. The officers
T. captain; R. Kajikawa,
commander; R. Tonehara, gun lieutenant;
Y. Fujimoto, torpedo lieutenant:
IC Isobe, navigating lieutenant: K.
Koyano. chief surgeon; XT. Suigimoto.
assistant surgeon: T. Akiyama, chief
paymaster; T. Tamasaki, second lieutenant:
S. Horiuchi, third lieutenant;
M. Fukuda, fourth lieutenant: J.
chief engineer; M. Tamasaki,
first engineer; F. TJeno. second engineer;
G. Shigemura, R. Snyetsugu, assistant
engineers; J. Arima, 1L
Iida, K. Nagashima, sub-lieutenants;
S. Saito, S. Kushima, assistant
paymasters: T. Matsushita, K.
in addition to the officers, there is a
crew of 350 men. The mission of the
Kanlwa was to bring to Honolulu the
following gentlemen, who will investigate
the matter of rejecting the 63S
Japanese laborers, who came here
nearly a month ago:
M. Akiyama, a counsellor from the
Japanese Office of Foreign Affairs: C.
Saito, director of the Tokio Emigration
Company, Limited, of Yokohama; S.
Segawa, manager of the Morloka Emigration
In order that the progress and
the investigation may be
recorded, the following representatives
of the Japan vernacular press,
aecoipiianied the commissioner:
T. Jshikawa, 1L Mshl, Fnrnya. Sekl
and Suzuki.
In the afternoon Commissioner Akiyama
and Captain called on
- Minister Shimamura, and later, the
MinHer returned the captain's visit.
A representative of the Advertiser
called on Minister Shimamura for the
purpose of securing such information
regarding the commissioner's visit as
he was at liberty to give to the press.
"Commissioner Akiyama comes here
merely to work In conjunction with
me in securing a settlement of the
claims of my Government for what we
consider the unjust treatment, of our
people in refusing to allow a number
of Japanese emigrants to land here.
Our claims will be presented to this
Government through the Minister of
Foreign Affairs. "We do not treat with
individuals, but with Governments.
The fact that Mr. Castle was called
away from the country at this time is
of no consequence in the course of the
investigation. This matter Is one to be
settled by the Government, through
their representatives, not by the heads
of departments. So far as we are concerned,
the Custom House is unknown.
The Investigation was made by Minister
Cooper and Collector General Castle,
or by his deputy, and their report
submitted. The result of that
was kindly furnished me by
Minister Cooper, at my request, and
forwarded by me to my Government
The men examined hero and refused a
landing were examined by the Japanese
Government on their return, and I
have in my possession all of the papers
connected with the case at both
ends of the line.
"I have received instructions from
my Government, through the office of
he Minister of Foreign Affairs, and on
the lines laid down the investigation
will be made. While the instructions
are in a measure simple and explicit,
they cannot be acted upon hastily
thev require careful reading to be perfectly
understood. Of course, I cannot
show them to you. nor can I tell
vou what thpy are. for publication. I
will say. however, that I confidentlv
believe the Hawaiian Government will
very promptly acquiesce in our demands
when they are presented.
"It is not for Minister Cooper or
any individual to say whether or not
the Hawaiian Government will yield to
the demands of Japan it is for the
Government the President and his
Cabinet to decide.
"No. I do not think the matter will
be left to arbitration, even if this Government
should decline to settle. The
monetary claim Is a mere pittance, and
I have cot the slightest doubt that it
will be promptly met.
"Any one who knows anything about
international law would not suggest
arbitration in an affair of this kind.
It is of too little moment, but. of
course, we intend that our people will
be given justice, and they will receive
it through peaceful negotiations. There
will be no war, no abrogation of the
treaty.. Snch stuff may do to fill up
the newspapers with, but to men who
are familiar with the customs adopted
in such cases as this it is laushable.
Japan has no intention of abrogating
he treaty, while it has the. power to
iraend It or make a new one. You understand
that a new one can be made
t any time either Government deems
it advisable. It the Hawaiian Government
expresses a wish to take such
Lan extraordinary step, I presume it
nay do so without seriously affecting
Tapan. There are so many other countries
than Hawaii, and Japan is such a
large territory, that I doubt if we
would be affected by the abrogation.
though it would certainly be, very unpleasant
The two Governments have
been on such friendly terms that
it is hard to contemplate such a condition
of affairs.
"As to the position occupied by Commissioner
Akiyama in the negotiation",
I will say that he has no paramount
opwers, nor Is he credited as Japan's
'enresentatlve above me; I am the
"Minister and -will conduct yie negotiations,
assisted, of course, by him. As
we wish to consult before opening
it is probable nothing will
bo done in the matter until next week.
Tiy that time the commissioner will
have learned whatever he wishes to
Vnow, and will rest in the meantime.
One thing I would like to Imcress upon
he people here, and that is that Japan
Is for peace. Some of the Japanese
newspapers seem to have worked them
selves into a turmoil over the affair,
and. to read them, one would suppose
the entire Japanese navy would center
"t Honolulu. Such is not the cas
Tapan is not anxious for war with a na-
5nn as friendlv as Han-ail has been.
The Government fully understands ha
"wAi a course would strain its relations
with another and greater power that
is alo friendlv the United States.
"My Government understands that
Hawaii is a ward of the United States,
and as such is a part of it. except as
to form. It believes, too, that if it is
necessary for the United States to be
consulted as to the justice of our
claims, the decision would be in our
favor. But It will not come to that
point Hawaii will pay the debt and
will be willing, if requested, to amend
the existing treaty so that a recurrence
of this affair is not probable."
Wh of Snjiar Trnst
anil a
NEW YORK, April 26. Theodore
A. Havemeyer died at 3 o'clock this
Mr. Havemeyer was vice president
of the sugar trust and was born in
New York city In 1S39. His brother,
Henry Havemeyer, is the president of
the company. Theodore, at an early
age, began work in his father's refinery,
and learned all the details of the
sugar-refining Industry. He was ad
mitted into partnership in 1S61, and
soon afterward opened a refinery of
his own. To his millions made in sugar
he added hundreds of thousands,
made in the banking business and by
wie dealings in real estate.
His wife was a daughter of the Chevalier
de Looser, the Austrian Consul
General to New York. He leaves nine
lecture at I'unalioti.
Rev. . J. M. Monroe, pastor of the
Christian Church of this city, delivered
an interesting and eloquent lecture before
the students of Oahn College yesterday
afternoon on "The Civil War
in America." Mr. Monroe speaks from
an intimate knowledge of the subject
having served under the command of
his friend, General Garfield, and having
been dangerously wounded at the battle
of Vicksburg.
According to the newspapers an Ohio
husband became the happy father of
seven children not long ago. Of the
seven all lived but one. It is to be
hoped that he laid In a supply of Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy, the only sure
nire for croup, whooping cough, colds
and coughs, and so insured his children
against these diseases. For sale
by all druggists and dealers. Benson,
Smith Co., agents for H. L
Senator Pertins Says Treaty is
Hot EeciproeaL
Like Spreckels, He Will
Work for His State.
He Believes Hawaii Has Best End of
the Bargain He Quotes
WASHINGTN, April 21. The light
for and against the abrogation of the
Hawaiian reciprocity treaty is getting
hot Senator Perkins today presented
to the Senate two huge petitions from
California, one favoring and the other
opposing the treaty's abrogation. The
petitions were referred to the Foreign
Relations and the Finance
A lively debate is sure to be
over the abrogation of the treaty,
whether the proposition comes from
-he Finance Committee or as an
amendment proposed by Senator MillSt
To offset this, Senator Chandler will
ioubtless repeat his former argument
hat the United States ought not to'
jeopardize its ascendancy in the
c, while Senator Morgan will insist
hat the existence of the treaty gives
his country a command, of the
situation not to be wilfully
'hrown away.
The news of the possible action of
he Finance Committee has grea'tly
excited the Pacific Slope. Senator
Perkins has already filed the petition
of the California State Grange in favor
of abrogating the treaty, and yesterday
he received the petitiqn of a
large number of representative merchants,
manufacturers and capitalists
in San Francisco, taking the opposite
iew. This petition denies that the
United States have been the losers by
the operations of the treaty.
Senator Aldrich Is said to be strongly
opposed to the treaty's continuance,
and it is considered probable that the
tariff bill to be reported from the Finance
Committee will provide for its
abrogation. Mr. Mills of Texas will
make a speech in support of this proposition.
The possible abrogation of the treaty
brings' up the important question of
whether the right granted to the United
States in that treaty to exclusively
use Pearl River harbor and establish
i coaling station there would also fall
to the ground at the same time.
Senator Frye, who has given the
question considerable thought, said
that morally the United States would
have to abandon the harbor, but legally
It could keep possession.
"At the time of the negotiation of
the treaty," said Mr. Frye, "the Foreign
Relations Committee was unanimously
of the opinion that the cession
of the harbor was. for all time, but
Minister Carter asking an opinion of
the State Department, was Informed
by Secretary Bayard that the right to
the harbor expired with the treaty.
Personally, I don't think we could hold
the harbor and look any other nation
in the face. I don't believe though,
that the treaty will be abrogated."
Senator Mills, who has been fighting
for the repeal of the treaty for 20 years
said that the Pearl Harbor question
did not enter into the question at all.
"We will keep the harbor, If need be,"
said he. "We have already given the
Hawaiians some $70,000,000 In remit
ted duties and that ought to pay for
any harbor on earth. The treaty was
illegally negotiated in the first place.
"The House of Representatives is
empowered to raise revenue and it
should have been consulted when there
was a proposition to release millions
and millions of revenue. The ratification
of the treaty by the Senate was an
act of usurpation. I shall certainly
do all I can to secure its repeal."
In this connection it Is interesting
to know that Secretary Sherman believes
that the abrogation of the treaty
wonld not carry with it the loss of
Pearl Harbor. When the subject was
last before the Senate he made his
position very plain. "We have an absolute,
undeniable, unqualified grant,"
said he, "which was originally paid
for by $23,000,000, to say nothing, of
an extension of 7 years, which was
eiven. We have paid and doubly paid.
for that harbor; we own It now; It Is
In our possession."
Although a two-thirds vote is required
to ratify a treaty, the abrogation
can be secured by a majority vote.
Whether this majority vote can be obtained
is of course a matter more for
speculation than certain prediction at
this time.
Of these 11, Messrs. Aldrich, Allen,
Cafferry, Cnllom, Hansbrough, Mills
and Pettigrew are still in the Senate.
Circumstances then, however, were
much different from what they are at
the present time. The amendment was
offered in opposition to the Finance
Committee, and the Democrats, with
two exceptions, stood by their party.
If the proposition comes before a session
with the indorsement of the Finance
Committee it will have a- much
better status incourt, so to speak, and
besides this the development of the
beet-sugar. Industry has done much to .
stlmulato opposition. Three years ago
there was no one moro antagonistic to
the abrogation ot the treaty than Senator
Perkins. Mr. Perkins Is now In
clined to think that a majority of tho
Senate favors abrogation and he included
himself in this majority.
While several causes are operating
to bring about the abrogation ot tho
treaty, tho most important Is tho belief
that the United States is getting
considerably the worst of the bargain.
Senntor Perkins says: "Reciprocity
ought to reciprocate, but in this case
it does not seem to do so. Under tho
treaty all the sugar producrtl In Hawaii
comes in free ot duty. Tho
amount has steadily risen until In 1S92
It aggregated $S,000,000, and last year
was nearly $12,000,000.
"This represents the amount of
money we pay the sugar growers In
the Islands. In the new tariff the
duty on sugar Is $30 a ton. As wo remit
that duty in favor ot the Hawaiians.
it means that we present them
with a bounty of $30 a. ton on all the
sugar they produce.
"There Is no reason why we should
make that discrimination in their favor."
"They take goods from us, to be
sure, but only about $3,000,000 or $4.-000,000
a year, so that the balance of
trade Is Immensely in their favor.
While the value of our purchases from
them has Increased at the rate of $1,-000,000
a year our exports last year to
them were only $200,000 larger than
they were in 1S92. This is the nub of
the whole matter, so far as our Imports
and exports are concerned. As
for our own Interests, I know that at
the Watsonville sugar factor', In my
State, during the five months and a
half of the sugar campaign, there was
paid out $4,400 a day to farmers for
their sugar beets, while $1,200 a day
additional was paid out for labor, lime
and fuel. While I am aware that there
Is a very strong protest In San Francisco
against abrogating the treaty I
feel that the people of the State would
rather have the treaty abolished, and
I must also consider their interests."
"It is said that the abrogation of the
treaty and the consequent Imposition
of the sugar tariff on the Hawaiian
product would bankrupt the. planters
of the Islands," remarked the correspondent
"It would do nothing of the kind,"
promptly responded Mr. Perkins.
"These plantations now pay 25 per
cent on the money Invested. With the
duty on sugar they would pay 10 or 12
per cent."
She Ilns Sot Yer Itnlsod n
tlon of Trpc"lencp.
NEW YORK, April 22, Mrs. Do-minis,
formerly Queen Llliuokalani,
has engaged rooms for herself and
party at the Albemarle, and will be
here during the Grant monument ceremonies.
The former Queen is now in
Washington. She will arrive Monday.
It is rumored that her grand chamberlain
has communicated with the
committee In charge of receiving distinguished
guests, but any arrangements
that have been made for the
a manner ann unuer sucn
.. - .. . , , it,Bucn
Hawaiian t.i5. have not been dl- j t'M as to present all phases of the
Islands, questIon and not the single nnancla,
rd-ae which is primarily raised by the
Mrpomlnis will not travel on
either of'the special trains, and there-
The gtatement then dlKU8ies the
fore question of In her
no precedence ,
f u u,d gta(eg
case wll disturb the transportation I
a d .,th , h
committee. Should the commit
ee onlhand8
f h u, th ,
plan and scope, which has the
coa taU from Nlcaragua to
al of the seats at the tomb, recognize
HongkonBi from San FrancIsC0 to Sa-
i """ ,",","'
., to. ia
in the diplomatic corps.
The Spanish cruiser Infanta Maria
Teresa passed in at Sandy Hook at
7:55 a. m. today. She will represent
Spain at the Grant monumental celebration.
Ilntlor Committed for Trial.
SYDNEY, N. S. W., April 27. Frank
Butler, who was arrested on the ship
Swanhilda February 2, upon the arrival
of that vessel at San Francisco,
on a charge of having murdered sev
eral men In Australia, was arraigned
before a magistrate today and com-
mitted for trial.
I"M fiTO nFinOF"ElT Pll
b HI. I A rKPArW I Til
I flw I W I IIIWil I mm
Mr. Thurston Mmits His Argu
ments to Committee.
Financial Phase Not the
Only One.
Should Treaty be Abrogated Hawaii.
Must Seek for Other
WASHINGTON, April 27. Lorin A.
TSurston, from Hawaii,
and at present a special commissioner
from that country, has submitted to
the Finance Committee of the Senate
a statement of the reasons why the
Hawaiian reciprocity treaty ought not
to be ahrogated by the tariff bill and
why it should not, on Its merits, be
abrogated at all.
Afte pointing out that the treaty
provides that it shall remain In force
for twelve months after notice of abrogation,
the statement says in part:
"It is proposed, however, to practically
abrogate the treaty by putting a tariff
on Hawaiian products Imported into
the United States, which are free by
treaty, regardless of the treaty. It Ib
submitted that this suggestion should
not be followed for four reasons,
First It would be a deliberate violation
of a solemn treaty. There is no
overwhelming necessity shown for Im
mediate action of so grave a character
as to require repudiation of an interna
tional treaty.
"Second, the imposition ot a duty on
Hawaiian products, especially without
the notice required by the treaty, would
disarrange and throw into confusion
all of the mercantile and financial Interests
existing between the Islands
and the United States, and suspend,
curtail and ruin not only many Hawai
ian citizens, but great numbers of Am
ericans both in Hawaii and the United
States, who have made investments to
the amount of approximately $10,000,-000
upon the faith of the treaty.
"Third, the tariff hill is a revenue
measure and should not be complicated
by importing into It far-reaching questions
of foreign policy questions upon
which there is a great diversity of
opinion and Involving far more than
the mere dollars and rents to be derived
from a duty on Hawaiian products.
"Fourth, what the future policy of
the United States concerning Hawaii
Is to be is a question of the first importance
and of broad national policy.
It should be considered by Itself In
' moa, would be closed to American
cruisers and made a center from which
hostile descents could be made upon
the Pacific Coast and its commerce destroyed.
With Hawaii In the control
of the United States the base of supplies
of a hostile naval force Is thrown
back to thp entire width of the Pacific,
a practical prohibitive distance, as
coal enough would have to be carried
to steam across the Pacific and return,
a distance of from 7.000 to 8.000 mllM
to say nothing of coal consumption In
operating on the Pacific Coast, a quan
tity far beyond the capacity of any
war ship in existence. American con-
trol of Hawaii Is therefore a practical
Insurance against naval attack on the
I Pacific Coast and on shipping in that
"The objective point of United States
policy has been political and not financial
advantage. The reciprocity
treaty was not primarily intended as
an experiment In reclprocltv for tho
purposo of evtenillng American trade
The object In view was not dollars,
but that which dollars could not buy
the creation and maintenance ot a
friendly state. The public history of
Hawaii and the United States during
tho past few years has demonstrated
that this policy has been successful.
Is It good policy of the United States
to now about face and abandon the
accrued benefits ot six years of statesmanship?"
Under the head ot "Hawaii's Course
If the Treaty Is Abrogated." the
says: "If the treaty Is ahrogatetl
Hawaii will be free to mnke such arrangements
with other countries as
circumstances may require. Stront;
and steadfast as is the American feeling
In Hawaii, if the island products
are barred out ot tho American market
by a practically prohibitive duty.
they will be compeled. in order to
avoid ruin to their chief Industries,
to seek a market in Australln, Canada
nnd.Knglnnd. and will be free to offer
In compensation for special trade privileges
accorded to Hawaii the rlgh's
and privileges heretofore aeeerded to
the U.nited States and now exclusively
held by it under the terms of the, existing
Elaborate statistics are given to
show the advantages of the- treaty fo
the Pacific Coast and the country In
Admiral MIMit W Allowwl to Wilt
WASHINGTON, April B The revocation
of the order that V'Tmlral
Beardslee be relieved of tli .ommana
of the Pacific station by Vlmir ti Mil
ter at once, and the issuance i.r a new
one providing that Beardslee tay at
Honolulu until July, was taken tv tho
annexationists todav to mean tha the
policy of the administration as to the
couwe there woukl be then
and the new commandant ! ' t
cpIto instructions lmfore leatir,:; The
fact is. Miller requested tho ch.iice as
he wishes to staj two raoti'h
He has had appoint ol as hi- - .y --
retary Lieut Philip Andrew . r.i
lumbla. The tmns'rr of the offlo t
be made at onee
Representative IHrlow of Tbo cu'h
District has presumed to th House
the largest petition on the H.ihau
reaiproelty treat v yet devHor.i it
to from tho fanrrrs of Sua Luis Obispo
County, asfrinsr the ahmr .f
the convention Ml th nnn' ""s of
the House have ietrer and '
taking sides -n he tre;it 'hosf
against being he-country
tnd thosp 'a oring
from the men 11 lie Saa
Senator Perkins lodsv ha' .i
telegram frc.ni ilie San 'r
Chamber of rnmnieree. ('
that he support 'he treaty It .
ground that eon of th l nls
must not pass to t forpln tw - IX
the interest of the nafetv of
em Coast and that trade of San Fan
Cisco would suffer if there sho tie
a change of relations. Anions? otuer
telegrams taking similar ground was
one from Louis Slosa.
Perkins says his - lea. I
to the belief that the frw -n i of
Hawaiian sugar is practical! v a uut
of $30 a ton, which, as sugar .-
dured by peon and contract 1 il. .- ii
really the amount of the cost i
which gives the product , rio
great an advantage over Call' "aia
beet sugar producers.
While the Senate Finance CW'ji
tee has Informally considered th.- -n-ar
schedule, nothing definite 1 b
done until the latter part of k
AIlMIICVh MM. I. Hit Nor ( OMiVU
AVII1 Go to I!rattaml rom'!oro
Mny c otn
NEW YORK, April 28.-Th an a
Washington special says The Indira
tions are that Miliar, recently
assigned to the command of
the Pacific naval station, will not go to
Honolulu In July to relieve Rear d
mlral Beardslee, as provided in orders
Issued recently by the Navy Department
The decision of the President ff nd
Admiral Miller to London as special
representative of the Tailed States at
the Queen's Jubilee, will art a an abrogation
of bis assignment to th Pacific
station. When the Prae'dm and
Secretary Long return they wi'l take
up the question of seleettair another
successor to Admiral Beardslee.
Great care will be taken In making
the selection. Several names are under
consideration, but It is naderstood that
the Inclination of President MeKIaley
and Secretary Long points to Commodore
Henry L. Howlson. He Is well
acquainted with the people of Hawaii,
and Is popular there. He has the reputation
of being a man of Judgment and
courage. The name of Commodore
George Dewey may also be considered
IInwnllan tklnc Anintlon.
WASHINGTON. April 27. Two Hawaiians
W. N. Armstrong and W. A.
Kinney are here to learn tha prospects
for annexation. They say that
they are In no sense representatives
of the Dole Government, but cam to
Washington on their own hook. They
will see Secretary Sherman and probably
President McKInley. They will
also canvass the Senators on the
chances for ratification of the treaty
of annxeation.
l e
. -
i jSt1

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