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. iffo4Hnnnr ;uui n imir . tt 11 try KYOTO'S PALACES of tie FINE ARCHITECTURAL .SPECIMEN Kindness of H. I. J. M's "Minister Shimamura. Interior Has Cheerless Appearance. Shogun's Castle More Habitable. Special Correspondence. Kyoto, Oct. G, 1897. EDITOR P. C. A.: We have been visiting today the Imperial Palace (the Mikado's residence when in Kyoto), and also the Castle, -the residence of the Shogun in the days of the dual sovereignty. The palace is a fine specimen .of Japanese architecture. Through the kindness of H. T. J. M. Minister H. Shimamura, permits were sent us, and some official from the Governor's office sent with us when we made our visit An earthen wall encloses about 20 acres. The "yagishi," or the residence of the "daimios," around this enclosure have nearly all been removed, and the area thus obtained is utilized as a public park. The Theological School of the A. B. C. F. M., which has since grown into the Doshisha University, originally occupied one of the vacated "yagishis;" by permission of the Governor, who was a student of Christianity at the time, though never a professed believer. We.toak off our-shoes and. put on woolen slippers furnished by the custodian. We entered the corridors, open to the roof, and floored with "keyaki," a grey wood that takes a fine polish, unpainted. The flooring is laid as In the Shinto temples, so as to give a musical (?) squeak resembling the tones of the Japanese nightingale. Really this was to make it impossible for atty one to come in unheard, very niuck as the "kolokolo," or crawling on the ground before Hawaiian chiefs was to avert the danger of assassination. The pillars and partitions are of "hinoki," a reddish wood, and the thotch is of the bark of the same tree, two or three feet thick. The outside sliding screens of the various apartments were the usual rice paper "shoji," giving a mellow gray light They were ornamented with engraved brasses as braces, some of which were quite iridescent The partitions of the different rooms were ornamented by various distinguished artists, but I cannot say that I admire the ordinary Japanese painting. The bed room was the innermost of all, so that the Mikado's sacred person was pretty effectually protected. The throne under a silk canopy reminded me of the old Egyptian palaces, and the glided and painted carved figures on either side of the dais, called lions by courtesy, brought to mind the Bible description of King Solomon's throne. In fact, as we have travelled about Japan, I am impressed with the thought that what we are witnessing is the civilization of ancient Babylon and Egypt. The wild geese pictured on some of the "fusumas," or opaque screens, were more of a success than the tigers or deers. By the way, the venison we had for dinner on our re turn home was excellent quality. It Is a pity that the Forestry Department of Japan does not take more pains to multiply the deed, and furnish venison enough to add a little variety to the menu provided for tourists. We were shown the audience room where Commodore Perry had the first interview with the Mikado, and the large Assembly Hall, and a suite of apartments called the Study, where the Mikado's tutors delivered lectures, and gatherings held for the cultivation of poetry and music The outer courts. as in the Shinto temples, were covered with fine sand, and there was the usual garden in the usual Japanese conventional style. In fact, everything in old feudal days was a matter of rule and regulation, and the formalities observed were killing. The wealthy class made a business of killing time, and they killed also all that pleasure in life which comes from individual initiative and free enjoyment The Castle, as it Is called, the Sho gun's Palace, was more satisfactory to me than the Mikado's. There was more ornamentation, eggshell white lacquer In the panelled ceiling of the corridors, crests of daimios in harmoni ous coloring on the ceiling of the apartments. The general effect of the Mikado's Palace was desolateness, the stillness and the changelessness asso elated with lonesomeness. In visiting the Shogun's apartments, I should not ' " "-, i &rFj& """ L: TUESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1897. SEMI-WEEKLY. WHOLE NO. 1910. VUU XXXLL NO. 86. HONOLULU, H i?iAUftAVAV4.A A vw SEMI -WEEKLY. ISSUED TUESDAYS A.T) FRIDAYS. W. N. ARMSTRONG. EDITOR. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Per Month $ .50 Pee iloMir. Foreigj. . . 75 Per Yeap. 5 00 Per Year, b ontics 6.00 Payable Invariably In Advance. C. G. BALLENTYNE, HuIJESS ilANAGEE. BUSINESS CARDS. LYLE A. DICKEY, Attorney at Law. P. O. Box f 196. Honolulu. H.I. WILLIAM C. fARKE, Attorney at Law and Agent to take Acknowledgments. No. 13 Kaahumanu Street, Honolulu, H. 1. W. R. CASTLE, Attorney at Law and Notary Attends all Courts of tha Republic. Honolulu, H. 1. W. F. ALLEN, Will be pleased to transact any business entrusted to his oare. Office over Bishop's Bank. WHITNEY & NICHOLS. Dental Rooms on Fort Street. In Brewer's BIock, cor. Port and Hotel Sts; entrance, Hotel St. DR. A. J. DERBY. Dentist. CORNER FORT AND HOTEL STS. MOTT-SMITH BLOCK. Telephones: Office, G15; Residence, 789. Hours: 9 to 4. W. C. ACHI & CO. Brokers and Dealers id Real Estate. We -will buy or sell Real Estate In all parts of the Group. "We will sell properties on reasonable commissions. Office: No. 10 West King Street M. S. GRIHBAUM & CO., Ltd. Importers and Commission Merchants. So- FEocieco....AM ...Honolulu. 215 Front St. Queen bt ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO., rmporters and-Commission Kins and Bethel Streets, Honolulu, H. I. H. IIACKFELD CO., general Commission Agents. Queen Street. Honolulu, H. I. F. A. SCHAEFER & CO., Importers and Commission Honolulu, Hawaiian Inlands. JOHN T. WATERHOUSE, and Dealer In General Merchandise. Queen St.. Honolulu R. Lowers. F.J.Lowrey. C.M.Cooke. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lowers fc Dickson. Importers and Dealers In Lumber and Building Materials. Fort St. WILDER & CO., vumber. Paints, Oils, Nalld, Salt, and Building Materials, all kinds. THE WESTERN & HAWAIIAN Investment Company, L'd. Money Loaned for long or short periods en approved security. W. W. HALL, Manager. HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO., Machinery of every description made to order. H. E. McINTYRE & BRO., "rocery and Feed Store. Comi -' King and Fort Sts., Honolulu. HAWAIIAN WINE CO., ank Brown, Manager. 28' and 30 Merchant St., Honolulu, H.I. - IIeney St. Goar. Edward Poixitz. Members Stock and Bond Exchange EDWARD POLLITZ & COMPANY COMMISSION BROKERS AND DEALERS IN INVESTMENT SECURITIES. Particular attention given to purchase and sale of Hawaiian Sugar Stock. Bullion and Exchange. Loans Negotiated. Eastern and Foreign Stocks and Bonds. 403 California St, : San Francisco, Cat iguraQE.). gTAMRs) iUUCOHIL EREOTYPES) AT THE GAZETTE 0F7IGK. Read the Hawaiian Gazette have been astonished, if the servitors had drawn back by the long silken cords the richly gilden fusuma, and the Shogun himself had entered as in days of yore. In the first rebound from the tyrannical seclusiveness of feudal despotism, these rooms were used as an Exhibition Hall. But now these relics of the past are securely kept under the custody of the Household Department of the Government Now that Japan takes the gold basis, the postage to foreign countries is doubled. The single rate for foreign letters has hitherto been 5 sen, two and a half cents in U. S. currency: now it is 10 sen, just double, but even then (he postage is only what we pay in Hawaii to countries in the Postal Union 5 cents. Japan has the Parcel Post for the domestic service only. It is to be hoped that arrangements will soon be made so that the Parcel Post system can be extended as it is in Hawaii to fareign countries. In every city we have visited some stores are devoted to tie sale of foreign goods. It is as tonishing also how many imitations of foreign wares are made "here in Japan. H. IB.I .MANSLAUGHTER. Kanui, a Native, Has Been Arrested on That Charge An inquest over the death of the, 3-year-old native child, mentioned in yesterday morning's Ad vertiser, as having died under rather peculiar circumstances, was held in the Deputy Marshal's office yesterday morning. There were three witnesses, one of whom was Dr. Emerson. The testimony brought in by the two na tives and Dr. Emerson was very much to the point and the verdict was to the effect that the child had come to Its death by inflammation of the lungs and hastened by the administration of concoctions tered by Kanui, a native. Kanui has been charged with manslaughter, and the case will come up for a preliminary trial In the District Court this morning. Of late the Police Department has been watching particularly those peo ple who practice medicine without a license men and women who, through their iery ignorance, endanger the lives and perhaps cause the death of people who are foolish enough to believe in their dangerous nostrums. There is a large field for the work that has been started. The Hawaiian Affair. The points of the dispute and a draft treaty for its arbitration were by the Foreign Office to Minister Shimamura on 23rd Inst The documents will reach Hawaii about the 7th October. But whether the Hawaiian Government will accept the points indicated and sign the treaty is not clear. No fresh information has been brought by the Naniwa just returned from Hawaii but from what some of her officers have said it seems that it is not difficult to foretell the future of the affair. We are told that Hawaii is endeavoring to postpone the settlement of the trouble as long as possible and it wiil take some time before the arbitration treaty is signed. The Hawaiian Government seeing that the session of the U. S. Senate will be in December next to discuss the ratification of the Annexation Treaty intends to put off the emigrant affairs until that treaty is ratified by the U. S. Senate. Because in that case the negotiations of the trouble at issue may be transferred to the United States. This appears to' be her only policy for she loses nothing by postponing the settlement of the trouble. Japan can not appeal to force though Hawaii acts in that way and therefore procrastination is the natural outcome. This is why it is difficult to deal with a weak country. Mainichi. Sharpshooters' Election. A meeting of the Sharpshooters Company was held in headquarters last night for the purpose of electing officers. W. E. Wall declined to again run as Captain and F. S. Dodge was chosen to fill that position during the ensuing year. J. L. McLean and John Cassiday were elected first and second lieutenants respectively. 3lore Japs Coming The Japan Mail of October 11 says that out of 430 emigrants raised by the Hiroshima Kaigai Tokyo Kaisha (Hiroshima Emigration Company), 217 left Yokohama for Hawaii by the steamer Belgic on the 3d inst The remaining 212 will leave for Hawaii at the end of this month, together with another company of 500 emigrants. A few weeks ago the editor was taken with a very severe cold that caused him to be in a most miserable condition. It was undoubtedly a bad case of la grippe, and recognizing it as dangerous, he took immediate steps to bring about a speedy cure. From the advertisement of Chamberlain's Cough Remedy and the many good included therein, we concluded to make a first trial of the medicine. To say that it was satisfactory In its results, is putting it very mildly, indeed. It acted like magic, and the result was a speedy and permanent cure. We have no hesitancy in recommending this excellent Cough Remedy to anyone afflicted with a cough or cold in any form. The Banner of Liberty, Llbertytown, Maryland. For sale by all druggists and dealers, Benson, Smith & Co., agents for Hawaiian Islands. , HAWAIIAN' FRUITS Soil of tie Mart Snitalle for All Kirt of Vegetates. EVEN ASPARAGUS AND, CELERY So Department of Agriculture Suggests. Many yarietles Now Imported May j ivB8 Grown Here'WIth Little Difficulty. Following are the points furnished by the Agricultural Bureau for this week: Professor Kahele, the entomologist, has done morefor these Islands by Introducing the lady-bug than his sal ary would amount to for the balance of his natural existence, even though he should live to be a hundred. The prevailing mistakes made by large and small coffee planters na and Hilo, Hawaii, arises from causes which are more or less within our own control. Had our Government established an experiment station on Hawaii with a competent scientific chemist at its head, those mistakes, as described in "Four Days in the Sad die" would not have been made. We would have had more coffee planta tions, more taxable property and more happy planters today. The writer has urged on the Government the necessity of one or two stations. The time cannot be far remote when planters, through their representatives in the Legislature, will demand such oxperimenLstations. Bysuch laws and the undoubted capacity of our soil to raise coffee and other tropical products, the prospects of our small coffee planters will be rendered brighter. Dairying is one of the most profitable, and yet one of the most neglected, industries in the Islands. It is difficult to treat so wide a subject as agriculture, horticulture, viniculture and floriculture in so short a space, but as to the similarity of our soil and climate for diversified agriculture, Were cannot be a doubt Citrus fruits grow to perfection on all these Islands when proper conditions are complied with. Oranges, lemons, limes, grape-fruit, or pomolo, will all prove very profitable for export, as well as for supplying the home demand, mail steamers, men-of-war and sailing vessels. They ripen here in the late summer and fall at a time when the markets that are supplied by California fruit are bare and the price, as a rule, high at this season, covering the holidays, as it does. At the same time, these products would not come into competition with the California product The pomolo or grape-fruit this wonderful citrus fruit grows here to perfection. A number of the trees are now growing in Mr. Kraft's garden at Makiki, and are bearing great quantities of fruit, from which he has quite an income. There is nothing in the fruit line that has the medicinal qualities of the pomolo, and the demand is increasing from year to year. The doctors recommend it for in digestion and as a tonic. Mr. Kraft has sold his crop of pomolo to a Chi nese physician. It is said that he uses it to alleviate the opium appetite and as a cure for drunkenness. Plant a few trees. They will increase the value of your property. Plant an acre or more in one of our valleys and you will have an inheritance that will be enjoyed more than money. Oranges grow beautifully. Mr. Dillingham has a tree in his garden at Punahou that has hundreds of oranges on it Mr. Gomes, at the same place, has a number of orange trees that will average 300 fine fruit each. Limes Senator Horner, on Hawaii, received 540 for the product of one lime tree marketed in Honolulu. Mr. Ca- marinos of the California Fruit Mar ket says he pays the same party $100 to $150 per month for limes. We want more Homers on these Islands. We do not raise citrus fruits enough to supply the local demands. One grocery firm (Lewis & Co.) Import 20,000 limes from California and Samoa an nually. Camarinos imports 50,000. Oranges and lemons are also imported in great quantities. You can grow all the limes, lemons, oranges and dates imported 'to Hono lulu on five acres of land anywhere here, were there enough water to irrigate with, and also a little shelter from the strong winds. Cocoanuts are destined to become a vaiuame proauct on tnese isianus. There are hundreds of acres of what are now waste land along the coast of these Islands that could be made very profitable by the planting of this tree. There are thousands of acres covered with guavas in a wild state, and the fruit are simply falling to the ground ungathered. This fruit produces a very choice jelly. If there were factories established here for the manufacture of the jelly and jam, it would surely prove a profitable Industry when the jelly was properly introduced in the markets of the world. Guava jelly is considered a great delicacy everywhere, and one only needs to establish a reputation for putting up a first-class article to find ready sale for all that can be produced. The Mango A number of these trees have been distributed from the Government Nursery, and hundreds of them are growing luxuriously about Honolulu, It fruits profusely here, and is capable of producing many tempting delicacies. The canning of pineapples has been commenced, like coffee planting, in a THE MAN WHO WOULD BE GOVERNOR. -" S-v M . Washlngtondlspatches haye 1C that Mark S. Brewer of Michigan would like to be appointed the first Territorial Governor of Hawaii, in the event of annexation of the Islands. It is said that Senator Burrows of Michigan is strongly urging his appointment by the President. He is well known to President McKinley, however, as they were in Congress together for eight years. Mr. Brewer worked on his father's OOO0O0OOiOOO0iO0iOOiOOOOO small way, and were it not for the prohibitive "tariff encountered in the United States, would have been a flourishing industry. In the event of annexation, this and many other industries will receive an impetus to warrant greater development Hawaiian pines cannot be excelled In any part of the world, and our local cannery has an enviable reputation for the delicious quality of its goods. Vegetables Vegetables can be grown here to the greatest perfection, the most tender varieties growing the year round. Many of them could be profitably exported, as well as used for supplying our large and Increasing shipping. Vegetables grown here in November, December and January could be shipped away when the markets are bare east and north of us. Canneries Vegetables and fruit could be profitably canned here, and canneries could be operated all the year round. They would not have to lie idle for a long part of the year, as in other countries, for the supply of products would be perpetual here. Asparagus This can be grown here the year through, and is as simple to plant and care fcr as sugar-cane or sweet corn, for we need no hot-beds for it in this climate. A few acres of this succulent plant was planted in the bottom lands, near the sea, at Kalihi and produced a white, delicious, juicy grass the second year from planting one-year-old roots. Kamaainas who were fortunate enough to have an opportunity to visit at Kalihi will remember it. As this was an enterprise of a private gentleman, the asparagus was not put on the market However, a box containing 50 pounds was sent to San Francisco in time for New Years and sold by D. G. Camarino3 to the Palace restaurant for ?1 per pound. WC now import it from San Francisco by steamer as ice-house goods, and pay 25 cents per pound, say nothing about the canned stuff that is imported from Europe and America. Asparagus has to be cut every morning after it begins to grow, and it Is surprising the quantity you can cut from a small patch of ground. Celery This should be grown well here by selecting proper soil and climatic conditions. That this succulent and healthful vegetable thrives well in warm climates has been proven in Southern California. Mr. Byron Clark tells the writer that five years ago there was not enough produced there to supply the local demand, and was said not to do well; but with the introduction of skilled methods from the celery districts of Michigan, it has become a. great industry. One locality In Orange County, near Los Angeles, will ship 600 car-loads this winter. Most of this goes East. These Islands are the war-stations for the commerce of the Paj cific, and large quantities of this aA w other vegetables would find a markeC s If only a good quality and regular supply could be obtained. Mushrooms These are easy to grow. There Is no secret connected with their cultivation. The writer raised them in caves or tunnels at Diamond Head with success about a year ago. However, success depends upon general conditions, good materials. Interest in the work and intelligent management All these conditions are just as necessary in the successful raising of cattle, poultry, fruit sugar-cane, coffee, flowers, etc., as they are In raising mushrooms. Canneries As to the establishment of canneries, this will require capital. .Mlch,ir.unUl.13 -years' "of "age, and" after getting an academic education, read law with ex-Governor Moses Wlsner of that State and was admitted to the bar in 1864. He served in the Forty-first, Forty-sixth, Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses. He was Consul-General at Berlin during Arthur's administration, and last year was one of the McKinley to the St Louis Convention. The President is said to have a high opinion of his executive ability. or co-operative companies with Government aid, and the influence of our merchants. NEW TRIAL GRANTED. Tuck Chew Will Fight Makec Sugar Company Again. Tuck Chew was dissatisfied with the judgment of the Circuit Court that the Makee Sugar Company must pay him $29,844.20, decided in the August term of the Court, and filed a motion for a new trial. His motion was based on the ground that one of the jurors was biased and prejudiced and Incompetent to sit; that there was newly-discovered evidence. Judge Carter considers these grounds untenable. The opinion of the Court is based on the ground of excessive damage alone, and the motion for a new trial was granted yesterday. The Court states that the amount of the damages was based on the value of the crop four years ago, and as there are seven and a half years for the lease to run, the price of rice per acre, on the land of which the plaintiff claims he was deprived by the defendant should not be calculated on that basis, as the present worth of these annual profits is very much below the amount allowed for prospective profits by the Jury. Didn't Get Him. Quite a .story is told by the Kauai steamer boys of Deputy Sheriff William Sheldon of Waimea. It seems that ' Sheldon has for a long time been after the illicit liquor dealers, and has been keeping an eye on a Chinaman by the name of Ako. Sheldon went into Ako's store one day last week and said: 1 "Give me a drink of beer, Ako." The Chinaman answered favorably, and went out to get a bottle. Sheldon smiled to himself, and, after drinking the beer, asked: "How much. Ako?" The Chinaman replied: "Oh, that's all right This my treat" Sheldon walked out very much crestfallen. Peru Arrives. The P. M. S. S. Peru, Saunders commander, arrived In port and hauled alongside the Pacific, .all wharf at about 2 a. m. Saturday. She had aboard, six cabin passengers and 54 Chinese for this port The Pern has 300 tons of coal to take on and will not get away for San Francisco until afternoon. j id I 114' te''