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The Hawaiian gazette. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, August 27, 1901, Image 1

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VOL. XXXVI, No. 69. HONOLULU, H. T., TUESDAY AUGUST 27, 1001. SEMI-WEEKLY. VHOLE No. 2310.
PRESERVE , PICTORIAL "HISTORiY OF THE WEEK.!
A -
TfTREES
JAIL 1 A I
Gov. Dole Will Be
Active to Save
Forests.
(Prom Monday's, dally.)
la one of the uppermost
FORESTATION In the mind of Governor
Dole. Since his return from
his vacation on the Island of Hawaii
the Chief Executive is more than ever
impressed with the necessity of hard
and consistent work for the preservation
of the forests, and those whom he
has met have found him enthusiastic
In his belief that all must be done that
is possible for the keeping and building
up of the vast One.- of
the first' nots of OovernorDole wilt "be
tile, "setting aside' 'of a forest reserve
which will have for Its purpose the
protection of the young trees from animals.
Governor and Mrs. Dole returned
from their two months' outing on Hawaii
by the Kinau Saturday morning.
Both are much Improved In health.
Governor Dole has taken on flesh, Is
browned and nuldy, and looks better
than he has before in several years.
He said last evening that he felt better
than for some time and was In shape
for work again. He will not take up
the duties of his ofllcu at once, however.
Acting Governor Cooper has been
at work for severul weeks upon the report
bf the Territory for the past year.
This document will be an Important
one and it must be In Washington by
the middle of September. Governor
Dole feels that he could not take hold
of it now and make the work what it
should be, and his plans are to postpone
taking up the duties of office until
Mr. Cooper has finished the report.
This will be about tbe end of the week.
"I was most thoroughly Impressed
with the necessity of forest protection,"
said Governor Dole last evening, "by
what I saw while In the mountains between
Mauna Kea and Hualalai. There
are sheep ranges about the slopes and
the sheep have completely" wiped out
any young growth In the sections over
which they feed. Many sheep have
wandered away from the flocks and
have become wild. Wherever they go
there is npthlng left but the standing
timber which is too.blg for them to .eat.
I was Impressed by the number of
great trees which are about to fall In
those forests. Giant koa trees, which
seem to have lived to a ripe old age,
and which have taken their share of
nutriment out of the soil, are ready to
fall before any wind, and there Is no
young growth In that section of the
mountains to take the place of the old
trees. Within a year or two there
will be a great reduction In the forests,
simply by the falling of this timber.
The region Is so Inaccessible that much
of this timber cannot be saved for use.
"It is my intention to set aside for a
forest reserve a tract of land between
the two mountains, probably between
40,000 and 60,000 acres, which, If nothing
Is done to save it, will become denuded
of trees In a few years. There might
be a few fences necessary to keep the
sheep off part of it, and it would be
my plan to give permits to persons who
are reliable and who would not set fires
in the timber, to go In there and hunt
the wild animals. This would result
In the clearing out of the. sheep and
would preserve the trees and permit
the young growths to come up to replace
them In a few years. This Is not
the only forest reserve which I contemplate,
as there are many other
places where rthe timber should be kept
from the possibility of being wiped out,
and as soon as the leases come in the
plan will be to set aside the forests as
reservations. I believe that this Is in
my power.
"Of the public works which I consider
most necessary, the road around the
Island of Hawaii Is very Important.
There remains a few miles In Kona uncompleted
and this should be finished
as soon as possible. Nothing will be
decided perhaps until the return of
Superintendent Hoyd from his trip
about the Islands, and then the most-needed
works will be tnken up and given
Immediate attention. Another thing
which Is very important is the water
supply of Hllo. The spring from which
the supply is now taken is in the middle
of a settlement. The houses have
been built up all about It and there is
danger of contamination. Higher up
there Is a spring which would supply
the city for many years, and I hope
to be able to make a reservation which
will keep that from the danger. The
plan will be to take In the spring and
the lands about It on both sides of the
valley In which It ilea, so that there
will be no danger from the residences
which are springing up or from the cane
lands, for the fertilizer which Is used
may poison the water.
"I was very much pleased to find
that there Is more interest in small
farming on the Island. I saw in Hilo
an American farmer maklngL arrangements
for the disposition of his crops.
This is one thing which la having the
attention of the Government, and which
will be prosecuted as much as possible.
(Continued on Fagv l)
I '
s.ttr' rr PUKrvr' s. uu r
HAWAIIAN MAILS
GROW HEAVIER
Immense Increase in Island Postal
Business Since the
Annexation.
WASHINGTON, August 14. G. W.
Curr, assistant superintendent In
charge of the railway mall service In
Hawaii, was In conference with Acting
Postmaster General Shallenberger today.
He says the volume of the malls
In Hawaii has Increased fully 100 pr
cent since the American regime began.
Save for hlrrisolrr two Inspectors and
three clerks from San Francisco, the
entire Hawaiian postal system Is administered
by resident officials and
The postmasters throughout the Islands,
besides the native Huwnllnns and
the Americans who were there before
the American regime was Installed,
Include English, German, Portuguese
and other nationalities. None of the
ninety or one hundred postofflces on the
Islands has had to call on the United
States for employes of any kind.
Carr will return to Honolulu by the
15th proximo, when he will arrange
transportation service for four years
beginning next year. He will go from
here to New York to look Into the sea
port mall service on the American line,
preliminary to Instituting a similar service
on the Oceanic line between San
Francisco nnd Honolulu, under which
a postal clerk will be aboard each
steamer.
-
TRANSFORMED BTJ3SIA.
Gen. Frederick D. Grant Notes Groat
Improvements There.
NEW YORK, Aug. of his'
experiences In Russia where he made a
tour, Odieral Frederick Dent Grant, who
has just arrived from Europe, said tho
general feeling of the people- of tho mid-ill
and upper classes was favorable to
the United States. The Russians regard
tho United States more as a country to
buy from than to sell to.
"I found the greatest Improvement
Blnce my last visit to Russia In 1872,'.'
said the General. "Even the houses are
better built and show that Russia Is advancing
with tho times and Is prosperous.
Tho Improvement In the conditions
of the serfs Is really remarkable.
They were liberated about tho same time
that our negroes were, but they have
advanced Infinitely further In the same
space of time. Army service has helped
In their development physically and mentally
In a way that goes far to make up
for the burden on the nation at large."
Belling Medical Degrees.
NEW YORK, August 16. Governor
Voorhees of New Jersey, Investigating
the complaint of D. M. J. Mitchell, secretary
of the State Board of Health, expects
to locate a manufacturer of bogus
diplomas In Jersey City. The complaint
is In the shape of a circular tetter to
Dr. Mitchell offering to confer a degree
and diploma of a "university" In Jersey
City concerning which the 'educational
department has no record. In the clr
cular the degree of M. D. Is offered at
the bargain price of J10, or, coupled
with Ph. D., for 115. The Governor
says the authorities will at once take
action against the promoters of the al
leged university. He says hehas received
complaints from cltlzensn Texas,
Minnesota and other Western States
enclosing copies of the circular.
o& S3 YWt
'"at &" T9a
" "" M
i T)
352
B,.
CAPT. BCROER 6tT5 A "eW
BAND smHD
A TERRIFIC STORM VISITS
WAVE EFFECTS
.
Ga August 15. The tiiii storm. The five rescued men clung
ATLANTA, storm which has been ' a until rescued. They reported
, .i i.. Mexico for that two of the crew of the tug were
raging In the GulTof
iMn
two days culminated In a tidal wave ( , Captnjn gtevenson also reported that
which swept the coast from Tensacola,, nt 8aw a ship's mast, possibly a
Fla., to the mouth of the Mississippi.
All communication is cut off. and It Is
. . . ,., ..." I
believed that the villages which were
destroyed In the storm of 1S93, when 2,- l
000 people were drowned, have again I
been overwhelmed.
NEW ORLEANS. August 16. The big
storm has practically subsided here and fr;H nnil pilBSed Bafe,y tnroUBh Ul0
both the river and the lake mo falling,
8lorm. captain Stevenson said n
The water has rapidly receded from the ou,.uont nnd some small craft had
section of the city which Was over-1 ,,,.,,
,Morcl to pieces In the vicinity
(lowed yesterday. Large bodies of metil,,,
tlle BtlUlon, but no ,mil near( of ,10
nave gone 10 worK to repair uie
uge done at the lake resorts, which
bore the brunt of the storm. Little
news has come thus far from tho Mississippi
sound, but there 'has been no
loss of life In that reach of territory.
The Louisville &! Nashville railroad Is
still badly crippled. No trains have
come In or gone out oer this line since
night before last. The subsidence of
the water, however, makes It probable
that the damage to the tracks will be
quickly repaired and that the traffic
will be resumed by tonight. A large
number of cotton- and other business
men are still bottled up on the coast
and upable to get to their offices. The
northeastern road has had some trou
ble, but the Illinois Central has .aided
both the Louisville & Nashville and
Northeastern in handling their passen
ger traffic.
The Cromwell liner Comus reached
the city today. Dr. J. N. Thomas of
the quarantine station boarded tho Comus
near the mouth of the river and
told Captain Franklin that an unknown
schooner and a small boaf had been
wrecked In that vicinity and six lvesJfrom Mobile to Fort Morgan was de-lost,
stroyed.
The news of the loss of the Cobden ATLANTA, Ga August 16. Weather
family of fifteen, above quarantine Forecoster Hnrbury said today:
tlon, has not been confirmed. "The storm that has prevailed along
At Shell Deach the wind has ceased, 'the Gulf for the past few days Is now
but the water Is rising nnd there has confined principally to the eastern
considerable damage tocrops. tlon of the Mississippi valley the
Rice has been damaged considerably storm cepter this morning being over
down the river. , , ' Meridian, Miss. The path of the storm
The United Fruit Company'afsteamer seems to be In a northerly nnd north-
Esther arrived here today. She- expert- easterly direction. Normal barometric
enced heavy winds, but was not pressure Is reported aH far north as
and saw no vessels In distress. The clnnatl.
Esther reported that there was no se-
rlous damage at quarantine station,
but that considerable property Had been
swept away at Port Eads. n the past twenty-four hours has been
The fruit company fears for the safe- light. Tho storm Is apparently moving
ty of another of Its ships, the Fulton, a trifle east of north, In the direction of
The Fulton left Celba fourteen and a the eastern Ohio valley, and Its ln.ll
days ago and Is now ten dayH enre will doubtless be felt In that mc-overdue.
She has never been reported, tlon on Saturday,"
Captain Stevenson of tho Esther Among tho heavy rainfalls reported
brought up Captain Samuel J. Dun- were: Mobile, 3.78; Meridian, 3.62, Mont-ham
and four members of the crew of gomery. 2.G6; Atlanta, 1.90; Knoxvil'e,
the tug Dlloxl, which capsized during 1.14.
Cold Storage on Bailing Bhipa.
The ship Falls of Clyde and the steamer
Enterprise, when the latter vessel returns
to San Francisco from the Hawaiian
Islands, will both be fitted with
cold storage plants like that recently put
on the bark Roderick Dhu. The trips
token by the Roderick Dhu under the
new arrangement have demonstrated tha
value of a cold storage plant, even In &
railing vessel, and other ships of thn
"brown" line are1 to be similarly-,
equipped.
'r
rSh
JUOCrE 6AR 5TIUU PURSUING-
TMC OPEN DOOR POLICY.'
Uu.. -
i
er'H, sticking out of the water about
n'ne miles from Southwest Pass. Ho
was unable to Identify the vessel and
., .. .
,.w nnnn nf
The Esther had as passengers Juan
Carr)0i ft famy of twelve nd four
si rvants, all of Rellze. They had been
... I .,, ., ....,.... , ,
of ,.,
MOim.E, Aln., August 16, 10 11. in.
As far as known at this hour there hn.
been no Iobs of life from the terrific
Htorm In Mobile or Its Immediate vicin
ity. No reports have as yet been re
ceived from the coast or any of the Islands
below. Several vessels have been
lost, but the crews arc- believed to he
safe.
The water, which reached a high
stage In the city, has subsided nnd Is
now almost normal. The aggregate loss
to property In Mobllo is considerable.
Nobody Is a loser, however, to a gieat
extent.
ATLANTA, Gn August 1C.
fnlcntlon with Mobile was establlsjiel
nt f) o'clock this morning over nn un-
reliable wire, entering the city by wny
of Meridian. The operator said that
no loss of life In Mobile had been reported
up to 10:15 a. m. Some of the
points cut off below Mobile are Fort
Morgan and Point Clear. The llrst Information
from these points ns well as
many summer resorts on the bay Is ex
pected by boat, as the telegraph win;
"The disturbance has caused heavy
rains over Alabama and Northern
Ba, while to the westward the rainfall
Manila Harbor Contract.
MANILA, August 13. The controct providing
for harbor Improvements has been
signed, and work will begin Immediately.
Tho cost of the Improvements will
amount to $1,500,000.
. :
Henry M. Flagler, the Standard on
magnate, known as the King of Florida,
has been divorced from his Insane
wife. Ie la 70 years of age and may
marry a very young Southern beauty.
$2'5 O 1
iEWERJAHD COOKe"3NOe9
THeiR APCReciTiuM
BISMARCK OF
ITALY IS DEAD
Signor Crispi, Once the Premier,
Passes Quietly Away
a Naples.
NAPLES, August 11. Signor Crlspl
died at 7:45 o'clock this evening. He
was surrounded by the members of his
fatuity nnd several Intimate friends.
Tho news was Immediately telegraphed
to King Emmanuel nnd Queen Helena.
The newspapers assert I hat the body
wilt be conveyed by steamer to Paler
mo, whero tho municipal authorities
will arrange for a groat public funeral.
It Is rumored that Signor Crlspl's will
authorizes a prominent Italian politician
to examine his pnpers and to publish
his memoirs.
It Is rumored thnt the affairs of the
deceased are In the greatest confusion
and that Klgnora Crlspl will have to depend
solely on the proceeds of the sale
of the memoirs. The body will lie In
state for three days In the drawing-room
of the Villa Linn, In Naples, the
unlls of which are adorned with frescoes
nnd presenting the principal epi
sodes of the Garlbaldean epoch. Signor
Joratro, the sculptor, has taken a cast
of the face. Seals have been affixed to
the belongings of the deceased, and
1 Signor Laureon.nua of the Chnmber of
Deputies hns been appointed trustee of
the will. Veteran soldiers, llremun und
police will net ns a guiiiil of honor dur
ing the lying In state. A great state
tunenil will bo held In Naples before
the body Is removed to Palermo. King
Victor Emmnnuel will be represented.
BRIDE WAS A HOODOO.
Whereupon the Bridegroom Returns
Her to Her Parents.
NEW YORK, August 11. A special to
the World from Danbury, Conn., says:
Morgan Ilurgess, who married three
weeks ago Anna Goodwin, a Vermont
girl, pretty and accomplished, has sent
her back to her parents. It was a sad
parting and the end of a Htrangu story.
Ilurglcss loves his bride, but Is firmly
convinced that she Is 11 "hoodoo" and
that his life would bo In danger it he
did not get rid of her.
When the young man assisted his
bride from the carrluge in front of his
mother's house nfter the wedding, Mrs.
Hurgess came out to meet him. "Mother,"
said Rurgess, "this Is my wife,
whom I have brought from Vermont as
a surprise to ypu." Without a word
Mrs. Durgess reeled and fell dend at his
feet. Doctors said the cause of death
was heart failure.
Two nights after the funeral tho
house wob entered by burglars and several
hundred dollars were taken. A few-days
later a valuable horse and two
cows became 111 with a mysterious ailment
nnd died.
.
Swimming Match.
A special match swimming race" series
has been arranged by the Olymp'c
Club of San Francisco between Scott
Lenry and H. A. Wldeman, of Honolulu,
the champion swimmers of tho
club, which offers a special rtiedal for
any records broken. The . final rate,
100-yard dash, was to have taken place
last night.
- ..
A fight In Austria resulting from a
vendetta of twenty years' standing caused
the death of seven and wounded
NCOME LAW
IS VALID
Minor Defects Do
' I'm -
Not Affect
Tax.
The income tax law is valid.
The Illegality of the law In
sections not vital does not
k make the law In Its entirety tin- 'if
k constitutional.
The Legislature has the jwwer 1r
k to discriminate between
uals and corporations, providing
k the classification' Is not arbitrary. '
k The exemption (it $1,000 Is not k
k excessive, and the Legislature
k' has the power to place
k nnco companies In n class by
k themselves for the purpose of k
'k taxation.
The above are in brief tho holdings
of the Supremo Court of Hawaii In the
test of tho Income tax, made upon a
statement of agreed facts. The test ns
to corporations was made by the
Sugar Company, which ,imld the
tax and. then appealed from the refusal
of tho assessor to return the money.
The test ns to Individuals Is made In
the case of George II, Robertson. The
opinion sustaining tho law as passed
by the Legislature Is written by Chief
Justice Friar, Judge Gulbralth dissent
ing. No further move will he made In
the case until nfter consultation be
tween tho interested parties.
The substance of tho findings of the
court Is given In tho syllabus, which Is
as follows:
"Parts of a statute may bo Invalid
wlthoutrcndcrlng the statute. Invalid as
a whole. No opinion Is expressed as to
tho Invalidity of certain clauses of tho
Income tax law which nro claimed to violate
tho constitutional guarantees against
self-incrimination, unreasonable soarchoa
and- seizures, excessive fines nnd cruel
nnd unusual punlshmonts, Inasmuch as
no action has been taken under those
cluuses, und thoy would not, If Invalid,
affect tho remalndor of tno statute
"If tno Territorial legislature cannot
tax tile Interest from Un.ted States
bonds and the salaries of tho Judges of
tho Supremo and Circuit Courts of the
Territory, still tho Income tax law would
not bo Invalid us a whole tliough general
Hn terms and not expressly excepting
such Interest and salaries. A law may
In
within i
letter without being vo'd as a whole,
'i he Invalid part, to uvold affecting tho
remainder of tho law, need not bo in a
separata clause.
"Tho leglRlatura may classify thu ob
jects of taxation, provided tho classifica
tion Is not merely arbitrary.
"Th legislature may placo' Individuals
In one class and corporations In another
class, exempting tho Incomes of the
former up to one thousand dollars In lieu
of a deduction for perronol and family
expenses, nnd not allowing a similar exemption
to corporations, thoy having no
such expenses, a deduction bf other
necessary expenses bo.ng allowed in 'botn
cases.
"An exemption of all Incomes to tho
amount of one thousand dol ars Is not
Invalid on tho ground that It Is
"Such exemption Is valid though allowed
only for the nggrcgito Incomo of all
members of, a family comp:scd of ono or
both parents and ono or moro minor
ciilldrcn, or husband and wife; nnd fpr
each ward except whore two or moro
wards aro comprised In ono fam ly. In
which caso tho aggregate deduction shall
not exceed ono thousand do lnrs,
"In estimating tho Incomo from sales
of personal property, a taxpayer may
lawfully bo permitted to omit products
produced nnd consumed by himself and
not sold.
-he legislature may lawfully put foreign
Insuiance companies In a class by
themselves, and tax. them one per cent,
on their gross Income and other persons
and corporations two per cent, on their
net Income arid ono per cent, on their
property."
-.
i
Lower Court Affirmed.
The Supreme Court handed down un
opinion yesterday affirming the decision
of the lower court in the case of the
Walluku Sugar Company vs. the Hawaiian
Commercial & Sugar Co. The
opinion was written by Judge Perry,
Chief JustlceFrear dissenting. The
complainant asked for an injunction' to
restrain respondent from digging a tunnel
under, through or across certain
land, situate nt Walluku, Maul, which
l claimed. The question was as to the
Ownership of the land crossed by the
tllnnpl nnri hlmrnri nnnn till Intprnrpta
1 ilon of the IfaAva'llan words In the
deeds. The cburt holds that tho complainant
did not prove title to land in
question and affirms tho lower court,
which was for defendant. Judge Frear
dissents, holding that the words In the
deed conveyed the land to the center ot
the stream to the complainant.
I -
i' "Her Majesty. .Lllluokalanl, invites
you to a breakfast a't Washington
1 place. Monday, September !," is the
way the queen's invitation to her
friends reads. The occasion . Is hr
majesty's birthday, which will be celebrated
in' fitting stylt. Trie day wilt
commence, with. abreakfast. and In tha
(afternoon a bg luau will Da given,
which will be presided over by
In' person.

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