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The Hawaiian gazette. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, July 14, 1903, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1903-07-14/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. XXXyill, No. 57.
iivriML. 1 vi 1
Description of Place That Will Hold
Cosmopolitan Population
of the Pacific.
Honolulu's long promised and frequently discussed nquarium
will soon be a reality.
Through the munificence of several public spirited parties this
latest attraction will be erected on the beacli at Waikiki, opposite
Kapiolani Park, and form one more link in the general scheme
for beautifying and adding future pleasure and recreation.
As a place of instruction the aquarium will be of much interest
to the student, the resident, and the visitor at the cross roads as
well, who, at no other place in Pacific waters may behold the
same beautiful varieties of rainbow lined specimens of the finny
A large aquarium involves constant care and anxiety; the fish
must be fed so that they may enjoy good health, and to insure this
they must live under conditions as nenr as possible the same as they
have been accustomed to in the water from which they have been
Aeration is accomplished bj carrying a main pipe over the
entire length of building, from whidh under pressure, a small stream
of water pours from a tap into each tank, breaking the surface of
the water, and carrying to the bottom of the tanks, and distributing
over the bodies of their contents, myriads of minute bubbles of air.
The vegetation which forms a beautiful and interesting feature
of the aquaria, serves a double purpose, as such growths serve
to purify the water.
Sea weeds, however, do not bear transplanting, but sea water
is so impregnated with the seeds or germs- of vegetable life, that
when a few stones or fragments of rocks are taken from the ocean,
marine vegetation speedily commences and proceeds.
Following is n brief description of the aquarium to be built
at Waikiki:
In style or character the general exterior of the building has
a touch of Oriental, in a simple treatment which will be well
adapted and harmonize with conditions of environment.
The grounds will be laid out in an attractive manner, affording
park facilities, sea vistas and access to the beach.
The used'in constructiwfTit be old lichen
covered field stones for the sub-base, a buttressed, stone entrance,
with cut voussoir arch stones, and frame for the balance of the
structure, with an open timber construction for the roof of pavilion.
In plan the building is cruciform, the total length of cross-arms
being 83 ft. 10 in., and total length on main axis, from entrance
to end of building 105 ft. The arrangement in plan will
admit of future extensions or additions
At the intersection of arms is formed an octagonal pavilion
40 ft. wide, in which may be arranged plaster casts of rare specimens
of the de?p. In the center of pavilion is a basin or tank
12 ft. in diameter.
In each arm is arranged the aquaria on e.ither side of corridors
leading from the pavilion, consisting of a series of compartments,
or tanks, numbering thirty-six, for the differet varieties
of fish.
The tanks will be constructed of concrete and metal lath 3 ft.
G in. wide, 3 ft. C in. high and 5 ft. long; on the corridor side,
separating the visitor from the finny tribe, will be half an inch
thick polislied plate glass. The tanks will be lighted from sky
light formed in roof above, the light penetrating through the wnter
will show off the beautiful tints and variegated colors of the fish,
n their element.
Back of the row of tanks will be a passage, affording working
space and concealing from view the attendants, at their duties
caring for the fish, regulating supply of air or water, or rearranging
new exhibits.
Snlt water will be pumped from n well excavated in the coral
near the beach, into a 4000 gallon distributing tank, elevated sixteen
The wnter thus obtained will be subjected to a filtering process,
deleterions matter being separated by the passage of water
through sand and coral.
From the distributing tank, water will be conducted through
one and a lialf inch bored redwood pipe, with brass cock outlets
for the supply of each of the aquaria, into which will run constantly
a half inch jet of wnter delivered at the surface, through a
nozzle or reducer which admits air being sucked in and forced
into the water of the tank, in minute globules.
There will also be a separate piping system through which an
auxiliary pump will force air into the various tanks, thus insuring
wnter being perfectly aerated.
n Big Tent Blown Over.
DENVER, July 13. The Christian Endeavor convention tent
containing 8000 people was blown over today. A score of the delegates
were injured,,
Friends of Alexander Conspire.
BUCHAREST, July 13. An army conspiracy to avenge the
murder of King Alexnnder has been discovered. Many arrests are
being made.
. 0
Katsura and Ito in Office.
YOKOHAMA, July 13. Count Katsura ha resumed office and
i:he Marquis Ito has accepted the presidency of the Privy Council.
Bad Outlook for Canal Treaty.
BOGOTA, July 13. The refusal of the Government to assume
responsibility for the canal treaty mitigates the chances of ratification.
The mnjority of the senators oppose the treaty.
Since Boyhood His Life Was Devoted
to the Service of the Hawaiian
Judge W. Lu'ther Wilcox died at precisely eight o'clock Jast
evening at Queen's Hospital. The end came peacefully and painlessly.
Since'Saturday the physicians had given up hope of his recovery
and from. that time his brothers and relatives and one or two close
friends were at the bedside, expecting death, they knew not when.
Judge Wilcox was conscious almost up to the hour of his death.
Early in the afternoon he dropped to sleep waking up about an hour
later. "I feel all He-lit now." he told those at his bedside, "ten hours
of sleep does a man lots of good."
Ihen he asked for a drink, and dropped to sleep again. Gov.
Dole and W. O. Smith were at his bedside during the afternoon and
evening as well as the members of his family. lie began to sink
early in the afternoon and from that hour until death came he slowly
sank away. No suffering attended his death and he seemed to
recognize those about him almost to the end.
Judge Wilcox's death was due to a complication of diseases, on
top of which came gangrene. Some time ago the judge, being bothered
by a troublesome corn, used a razor to get rid of it. Gangrene
set in that time, though Mr. Wilcox was not aware of it. However
it affected his system and in May lie took a hurried voyage to the
coast in the hope of recovering his health. lie accompanied his
brother, George N. Wilcox, who was making the trip on business.
Upon his return June 1st Judge Wilcox appeared much improved,
though still feeling far from well. He held court for several
days and then was confined to his home, when finally he determined
to get rid of his trouble and went to Queen's Hospital to have his
foot operated upon. He was operated upon June 20th, and the operation
was thought to have been successful, one toe being amputated.
A few days later when it was seen that the gangrene had not been
entirely cleared away a second toe was removed. On July 7th it was
found necessary to amputate the leg below the knee, but even this
severe operation failed to relieve the patient and though he rallied
at first, since Saturday the physicians had abandoned all hope of saving
Judge Wilcox's life. His three brothers who arc living on Kauai
were sent for last week, and they have been at the bedside continuously.
Judge Wilcox celebrated his. fiftieth birthday anniversary last
week. lie was born July 8, 1853, at Waioli, Kauai. His parents were
Mr. and Mrs. Abncr Wilcox who came here among the early missionaries.
They were not missionaries, however, but Abner Wilcox
was a missionary teacher. Judge Wilcox was the sixth of seven
children, all sons. The eldest son, Charles, died in California five
years ago. Henry Wilcox, the youngest son, who was at one time
sheriff of Kauai, died seven or eight years ago. Of the four surviving
sons, Edward is now living in Winsted, Conn. lie had been notified
of his brother's illness, but too late to reach his bedside. The three
remaining brothers all live in Hawaii on Kauai, where they are interested
in Lihue plantation. George, the eldest, is unmarried.
Albert Wilcox is married, and so is Samuel W. Wilcox, the Senator.
He has several children.
The widow and the four brothers are thcjjnly surviving members
of the family. The parents of the deceased died while William
was a boy of sixteen. They were at the time on a visit to their old
home in Winsted, Connecticut, when taken suddenly ill. They died
within an hour of each other.
William's early education was received at home. His father was
a teacher, and the boy was well grounded in the rudiments of knowledge.
He was then sent to Punahou College, remaining there for
two years 1867 and 1868. Then word came of the death of his
parents, and the boy immediately determined to earn his own living.
He was almost perfect in his knowledge of the Hawaiian language,
and he naturally turned to that when thrown upon his own resources.
He secured the appointment of interpreter in the courts here and
could have remained there all his life if he had so wished. As an
interpreter he had no superior, and though he was not at all certain
of his own powers, his success was immediate. From the courts he
went to the legislature and was interpreter for many sessions, be-
wvuww wa w
WHOLE No. 2503.
Russia Informs China That She Will
Open Manchuria Six Years
ROME, July 13. Indications' are thnt the Pope will soon die.
Ite has troubled sleep and intervals of semicoma. Stimulants, arc
frequently given His Holiness, who complains of growing fatigue.
His relatives have been summoned to his bedside.
Oliver Succeeds Sanger.
OYSTER BAY, July V.. Robert Oliver of Albany, N. Y., succeeds
Col. Win. Carey Sanger ns Assistant Secretary of War. Both
Oliver and Sanger have long been connected with the New York
National Guard.
Another Russian Subterfuge.
ST. PETERSBURG, July 13. Newspaper reports are that Russia
Mb informed China that she will open Manchuria in 1909whcn
the country becomes trnnquilized.
Movements of Lisser.
PORT ARTHUR, July IU. Paul Lessar lias returned here.
(Associated Press Mail Special.)
1 PORTSMOUTH, Eng., July 7. With the boom of cannon the
British fleet, on behalf of King Edward, welcomed the UnltedBrates
teuropenn squadron to GroatBcitnln's
ing. The gunboat Machins joined the flagship Kenrsarge, the 'Chicago
and the'San Francisco early in the morning and shortly after
8 o'clock signals began to flutter from the mastheads of the American
and British ships. The latter, in obedience to a signal from Lord
Charles Beresford, the commnnder of the Channel Squadron, formed
two lines and down this lane of huge, gray warships moved the
Aineiicans, their white sides gleaming in the sunlight.
National salutes were flrcd by each squadron, which was followed
by an exchange of salutes to Rear Admiral Cotton and Vice
Admiral Beresford. Subsequently the two Admirals exchanged culls
on the llugsliips, according the usual honors as each came over the
side. At high tide the American warships entered the harbor, led by
the Kearsarge, winch was moored south of the railroad jetty and
within a stone's throw of Nelson's old flagship, the AMctory; King
Edward's yacht, the Victoria and Albert, and the battleship Colling-wood,
flagship of Admiral Hotluun, the commander iu chief of '
As Hie Kearsarge approached the jetty, "attention" was sounded
on the Victoria and Albert, the Victory and the other Bhips in the
harbor, a courtesy which was returned from the deck,
on which were drawn up an Admiral's guard of fifty marines, under
the command of Lieutenant Colly.
So soon as the Kearsarge was beithed Sir William Dupree, the
Mayor of Portsmouth, boarded her and greeted Admiral Cotton,
''The people of Portsmouth welcome the American squadron and
extend to its olllcers and men all the courtesies they can oiler."
Admiral Cotton replied, expre&siug his pleasure on behalf of the
United States.
Admiral Milne, commander of the RoyiM yachts, specially de- l
tailed by King Edwnrd to welcome the Americans, arrived on board
the Kearsarge and was received by Admiral Cotton and Cnptnin
Hemphill. Admiral Milne expressed the grnliflcutiou of King Edward
at the arrival of Hie squadron, ai d, in behalf of the King, welcomed
it to England.
Subsequently Admiral Cotton Optain Hemphill and the stall
olllcers visited the naval olllcials, escorted by an Admit ill's guard
and a band.
Admiral Cotton hi's designated the olllcers who are to attend the
stale ball at Buckingham Palace, London, Wednesday, in honor of
Piesident Loubet. Besides Rear Adn iral Cotton and all the American
ccminanders, the list includes a number of lieutenants and ensigns
and lepiesentutives of the medical and pay stall's.
During Admiral Cotton'a visit to Admiial Ilolhaui, the hitter
recalled the fact that they had previously met at Esquinmlt, when
Admiral Ilot'hnm commanded the British Paeilie squadron, and
Cotton was in command of the Philadelphia- Admiral Ilothnin
reiterated personally tbq warm niesfge of welcome which he had
previously trannnitted to Admiral Col ton at Spithead.
The Aineiicans were piesented U Lady Ilotham and others.
Immediately after Admiral Cotton returned on board the
Admiral Ilotham and his stud returned Admiral Cotton's call.
Deputy Governor Cochrane, of the Isle of Wight, also called on
Admiral Cotton.
Subsequently the Americnn office,! s ended their official visits by
calling on the Mayor of Portsmouth. s
Admiral Cotton and the other American olllcers, while in London,
will be quartered nl various hotels as the guests of the Nntion.
Admiral Cotton vigorously denies the icport which nppeared in
the German newspapcis thnt over a hundred men deserted from his
squadron at Kiel. The Admiral declares that the discipline of the
crews ir. excellent.
"Only one man, a corporal of marines," Bnid Captnin Hemphill,
"left the Kearsarge." ,

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