Cruiser Bayan Crippled
By the Japanese
(ASSOCIATED PBB3B OAJBAiHOBAmB )
ST. PETERSBURG, April 13. The Russian battleship
has been sunk during an attack by the Japanese upon Port
Arthur. She struck a mine and turned turtle and sunk immediately.
Eight hundred and six men were drowned, including Admiral Makaroff,
the Russian commander of the fleet. The Grand Duke Cyril
was wounded. Five of the battleship's officers and thirty-five men
Japanese fleet of forty vessels.
Admiral Rojostvensky will probably succeed Admiral Makaroff.
Prince Outkomsky is in temporary command of the Russian fleet.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 14. The loss of the battleship
and the death of Admiral Makaroff and 600 men is a terrible
blow to the Russian people. The Emperor is overwhelmed and
there is general mourning. It is believed that the Grand Duke Cyril
is seriously "injured. The Kaiser and King Victor Emanuel have sent
condolences to the Czar. '
CRUISER BAYAN CRIPPLED.
WEI-HAI-WEI, April 14. The Japanese fleet bombarded Port
'Arthur for fifteen minutes. The forts did not reply. The Russian
cruiser Bayan has been crippled.
WIJU, April 13. The Japanese army has repulsed the Russians
at the Yalu.
The death of Vice-Admiral Stcphan
Osipovich Makaroff removes from the
theater of war one of the most striking
of the Russian leaders, a man of ability,
energy, and bravery who is honored by
every Russian as one of the great heroes
of the country. 17or fort' years a.lul
more he had served in the Russian
navy. Year after year he added to his
reputation until it was such that no
other commanding officer in the entire
navy was held in such high esteem as
he. He was the "Fighting Hob" of the
Russian bluejackets. A magnificent
beard gave him a ferocious and commanding
appearance and European
writers have stated that he could get
more out of any sailor than any other
naval leader, lie had just rounded out
cars of a very active life.
Makaroff had been in active service
since 1SO4 and his promotions in almost
every instance were due, not to seniority,
"but to distinguished achievement.
'Ilius he served as an ensign hut two
.years, from 1867 to 1869, as lieutenant
but six cars, so that he was already
an officer" 111 high rank when, during the
last Russo-Turkish War, he commanded
the gunboat Grand Duke Coustautine,
with which he carried out a whole scries
..f I. .1.1 -...-.-I.- ...... ..-
MM iM&hK .ftiljWl
the boat and its equipment with torpedoes
of small si?c for sudden attacks
upon Turkish harbors was Makaroff's
own. The campaign won him advancement
to lieutenant-captain and captain
of the second rank; he was honored wi'h
the orders of St. Vladimir and S-
George, a sword of gold and the title
to the late Emperor
In 1SS1 Stcphan (or Stephen)
Makaroff took a hand in land warfare
in the legion of Skobelcff at the
capture of Geok Tcpc. At that battle
General Kuropatkin also participated,
so the commanders of the Russian land
and naval forces in the present campaign
in the East were fellow-workers
111 a previous campaign.
In 18S1 he commanded the cruiser
Tamau, station guardship of the Russian
embassy at Constantinople, enabling
him to make a minute study of
the defenses of the Bosporus. The next
two years were spent as chief-of-staff
of the offensive squadron in the Baltic,
with Admiral ChihachefF, then Minister
of the Navy, and at present member of
the Council of the Empire, commanding.
From 1801 to 1894 Makaroff, ranking
counter admiral and inspector-in-chief
of naval artillery, was engaged in improvements
of ordnance. To him the
Russian nay owed a large number of
little inventions, among them the so-
m .. u ni..iu ..,.. ' i
should be nillcd ha Jlw nnnameiit of called J possessing so per cent
Rreacr H!,e,rj,on , 1B
diuiral .Maknroit succeeded
inirat Struck in command of the Ru
sum fleet at Port Arthur aftur tlm
latier had kticceedcil in having a ma
mriiv of the ecU crippled hy the
08AND IWKK CYRIL
' lip liriul Duke Cyril,
' nm In ib mval Amiitt n fm
"bur, eouiin of ill Cunt, H
uf ill Uriw4 fttriu
j rinitd (tattflMi ftp
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i it itMif i tit rl'l m uumo
Vasllll Verestchagin, war painter, 1 of the (jentlnel frozen nt Ills post In the
was born in Hussla in 1SI2. Chailes . Schlpka Pass stirred the public deeply,
De Kay says o his life:
"Educated for tlio navy, he turned
to art, studied at St. Peteisburg under
Markoff, and at nineteen made his
rule are leveling to one plane. The
Moscow Museum gave up a special gallery
to these pictures. Meantime the
literature of llussla was making its
Impression on the young painter. In
1SS0, when he made his leajJiearance
In Paris, ho took the town by storm,
WS-?-''V.. . ' 'V . .
AW j JT o
VOL. XXXIX, NO. APRIL 1.-) 1904 SEMI-WEEKLY.
THE RUSS IAN it DISASTER
T , t t
i Mflgfcgya - i V "vr wv rraSr
RUSSIAN BATTLESHIP PETROPAVLOVSK WHICH TURNED TURTLE OFF
T The Russian battleship Pctropalovsk was built in 1894. She was a sister vessel to the battleships
- topol and Poltava, which belong to the same general type as the British battleship H0v.1l Sovereign. She was
of 11.000 tons, 367 feet in length, sixty-nine feet beam, twenty-seven feet depth, and her ordinary complement
t" consisted of "50 men, probably greatly increased in numbers during war time. She carried four
- guns, twelve 6-inch, one sixteen twelve and eight guns of a
t ccllaneous character.
.,.,..,...,. .... f t f f . ..
nnd so did his views of soldleii nsleep
on Hie sloppe .and piotmes of battle
fields with nil the icsults of carnage.
In 1SS2 be ihowed his gallery of nearly
bow in the old classical spirit with a 'two lumdied pictures In lterlin, and in
'Massacie o'f Penelope's Lovers by 1SS3 he created a fcensatlon in Vienna
Ulysses.' After traveling in tlie Cau- 1 by exhibiting a picture of the
he went to Paris and studied ful Jesus.aniQng his brothers and
Qcromc, showing in the Salon of j teis in the house of Joseph and Mary.
1SCC a Russian subject members of the Cardinal Oangbaur protested against a
pcispcuted sect of the Doutchobortskl scene wlilch seemed to him niul other
olngih.' psalms. From 1SC7 to 1870 he ( Catholics, who deny that Jesus had
was wl.h General Kauffmann in brothers nnd sisters, an nttack on the
stan, and fiom' 1S71 to 1S7G he was in saeredness of the Holy Family: and
India. During these travels he amassed the plctutc was withdrawn.
a ically wonderful series of types of time Verestchagin had been painting
Asian peoples, so that ethnologists a seiles of pictures showing vnrloiiH.
were grateful to him for preserving episodes in the campaign of Napoleon
examples of races whom the quickly against Ilubsja In 1812, which gave him
changing eventH in Asia under Husfian scope for more scenes that enforce the
savagery of war. His American tilp
took place in 1SS7, when he showed the
famous historical picture of Hindu and
Mohammedan rebels being blown from
the mouths of guns by the Piitlsli, ills
plctuio of a military execution In a
snow-storm, and other Immense can
not through the nitlstlc quality of Ills vases."
work, but through Its Verestchagin lias braved many
had been thiough the Turkish war, geis. 'When General Kauffnianu and
was wounded, and later joined General his nrmy started for the campaign In
Gourko In the Balkans. Ills picture Central Asia in 1807 he Invited htm to
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ST. PETERSBURG, April 15. An impressive requiem was
sung for Admiral Makaroff and the men of the Petropavlovsl: at Ihe
Admiralty church last night. The Emperor attended and 20,000
people stood outside with bared heads. The loss of the torpedo destroyer
Bezstrashni and the damage done to the Pobieda have intensified
the grief of the nation.
PORT ARTHUR MAY BE BLOCKED.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 15. It is rumored that the Japa-
A battle is now in progress between the Russian squadron and a nese have succeeded in blocking the entrance to Port Arthur.
ALEXIEFF COMMANDS FLEET.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 15. Admiral Alexieff has arrived
at Port Arthur and taken temporary command of the fleet. Admiral
Skrydloff will succeed the late Admiral Makaroff.
RUSSIA WANTS MONEY.
LONDON, April 15. It is reported that Russia is seeking a
VERESTCHAGIN PROBABLY DEAD.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 15. Verestchagin, Russia's great
painter of battle'sceries, was probably lost on the Petropavlovsk. He -J
vas a guest of Admiral Makaroff.
SON IS KILLED ON
Turret Gun Explosion Kills Twenty-Nine
(ASSOCIATED FBEB3 OABLEORaXB.)
PENSACOLA, April 14. Five officers and twenty-four men
were killed yesterday by the explosion of a charge of 2000 pounds of
powder in a twelve-inch turret gun of the battleship Missouri while
at target-practice. The officers killed are Lieutenants Davidson,
Wcichert and Gridley, Midshipmen Neumann and Ward. Gridley
was the son of Dewey's famous captain and Neumann's mother resides
t Edouarcl Neumann, a son of the late Paul Neumann, of Honolulu,
graduated from the Naval Academy at Annapolis on Jan. 26th,
1903, as a midshipman. lie leaves a mother and four sisters and one
brother. His sisters arc Mrs. Herman Focke, of Honolulu1, Mrs. W.
F. C. llasson, of Annapolis, Mrs. Alfred Fowler, of London, and
Miss Lily Neumann, now in London and soon to become the bride
of Kobert MacDonald' Bird. Mrs. Paul Neumann, his mother, left
Honolulu on March 5th for London to be present at her daughter's
wedding. She intended to make a short slay with Mrs. llasson at
Annapolis while on her way abroad. Hdouard Neumann's brother
is Paul Neumann, Jr., a resident of London, who studied medicine
in the University of Edinburgh and later served with the British in
the Transvaal War. Edouard Neumann's appointment to the Naval
Academy was credited to California.
Midshipman Neumann was at one lime very well known among
the younger society set in Honolulu, ile was last here just prior
to the time that Commander Pond secured his appointment to the
Naval A'cademy. He studied at the Fort street school and later at
army of savages at bay for a week, a
feat for which the Czar rewauled him
with the Cross of St. George. Yeats
afterwards Veiestchagln went tluougli
the wnr as an artist,
hut lieio again he cmno In cloo contact
with the foe, being wounded while
helping tn sink n Tuiklsh gunboat with
a torpedo. Vercstoliagin too was
at tlie storming of Plavnii and witnessed
tlie II1111I rush towards Constantinople.
About u year and ji half ngo
he completed a painting showing tho
"IJ.ittlo of San Juan," the battle In
wlilch Theodore Ilooscvelt took so
prominent a part. This has been considered
one of the 111 list's greatest
works. Veiestchagln visited the
Philippines and made a number of can.
vases dealing with the suppiesslon of
the lebolllon by the Americans.
Verestchagin has always been oppos.
ed to the savagery of war and In his
canvases has painted It truthfully,
accompany the nrmy as nn artist. It
was exuetly what Verestchagin wanted,
and It wns with Goiteiul Kiiuffinann
. Mi. - 'ivmtwTtwhaxmi
' . ... yfl
Si.'JA i ii
that the aitlst tasted bat'tle as a soldier.
Once or twice during the war
he laid down Ids pencil and took up
his gun, and at Samascnnd he was ono
of a btavo little band whlclf kept an
(Continued on Page 8.)
House Makes Mistake In
The nctlon of the House In indefinitely
postponing the bill, piovlding that
litigants pay couit costH without add
ing 1111 additional nppiopilatlon for
Jury fees In tho current expense bill, Is
llkoly to lead to endless trouble. Gove
nor carter was cousldctubly put AF.t
nvr tho matter yesterday after tho
House adjourned, and was at raid ho
'might havo to veto portions of the cur-I
rent oxpttuyu bill uuleMM It wus again
I "Tho IIoiMu increuHtMl thu
u few diiyi ugo fur court uxpcnHcti
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