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VOL. XL. No. 95 CARTER'S LOAN POLICY UPHELD V RY DnfKFVFIT lssucf $750,000 Bonds Approved Petition of McCandless Has No Effect. 00OKa5050SQ202Q20i020 Washington, December 4, 1005. To Governor. President approves bonds. Awaiting Shaw's acceptance ATKINSON. THE WHITE HOUSE. Washington, November 20, 1005. My Dear Governor: Your letter of the 6th inst. has been received and tho President' directs mo to send you Senator McCandless communication for your comment and return. The Senator has been so advised. Very truly yours, WE LOEB, Jr., Secretary to tho President. m Hon. G. E. Carter, Governor of Hawaii, Honolulu, H. I. Enclosure. 9 2a0&Oi)OSX)SC02iOt.ii 50s)00000 It is the issuo of $750,000 of bonds that tho Governor decided was sum- cicnt for the actual borrowing needs of tho Territory the current period which, Secretary Atkinson, in tho above cablegram, announces tho President has ' -approved. And. in tho letter of Secrotary Loeb, tho "communication" referred to is the petition that Senator McCandless sent to tho President, asking, for soils stated, that ho should withhold his approval ot sucu uunu issue 01 iuu,vui. Secretary Atkinson has had tho usual luck, with his cablegram, of giving a drfdmatie touch to tho situation. His messago arrives on tho very day mat tne !tition of Senator McCandless -against tho Governor's policy, approved by .... 11 - 1.-1.1 n.!lt. Iho President as tho cable states, urops upon uio uoveruurs mum im u for his "comment" unon it. -.,.. . 1 .1. . 1.: t .....nr.rl . uj.ab t.in.'nm..neia nnnanra t n n;i'i. iiiii.it. il iiiiiii niiu.vuii; ul dl. ij .', 'gained to his campaign against Governor Carter's policy of checking the in crease of tho Territory's bonded muerncuncss. mmo ho mm u f"'"u "is signed only by Senators and Representatives from the Island of Oahu, and such from the other islands as happen to be on Oahu at this time," ho is only .i i i .1.- :. .-..- nP n Snnnlnra nut nf 1V fnr Ojlllil. find of four .&U10 lO HUUW llic v. n. v .fc. ww - , I. - xi; ... nP i, 4nnli'n fnr Onliii nr nnn. third of tho members '! -of tho Legislature from this island, and not a solitary Senator or Representative tor any of tho other lsianus. Ar,n,,io.i tn liis iietitinn. Senator McCandless sent to President Roosovolt i copies of tho Loan Act of 1903 and tho Loan Appropriation Act of 1905, also I tinwsnnner clinnincs of Uovernor lencr uuuuuucmg ua iua '- 1 i !.. m a..nH r'o.v.Tlinll on1 n.lifnrinl rnmmentR of tho eveninc X11CIU pulley iu iira' W....J.UW. ....- - I (- n,nrn nlon tvnnwritten conies of letters that passod botweon tho Following is tho petition of Senator McCandless "and five others of tho members of both houses of tho Legislature to President Roosovclt: Suh-heads are the Advertiser's. tTo His Excellency, the President of the United States. j You are about to be ofllcially requested by the Governor of the Territory ku .... . i- . 1 ui. ilUlltlll O00 of bonds of the Territory of Hawaii; npproval of all bond Issues by the Territory ot Hawaii by the President being requiied by Section 55 of the Act of Congress approved April 30, 1900, to V Piovido a Government ior me tnry of Hawaii. uicumn " Tiie unuersiuiieu, onii HnuRd nf Renresentatlves of the LiBlHlaturo of the Territory of Ha- I wall, respectruuy request umi uu 1 wlthold your approval of such bond 1 sue, for the following reasons, 10 wu: f THE REASONS WHY. ' First. Such bond Issue, in the amount and for the purposes ior which it ... 0,.,i linn never received legislative if consideration or approval. i I c!,i soh hnnd Issue. In the amount and for the purposes proposed, 1 U an attempt on the pari 01 me uuv Pernor of the Territory 10 ignore enactment, and to determine, ,1 without legislative concurrence, u.m ' . t il.. A.nAfrv.arit tllo HUT. tigainsi legislative wi.uti"i .- poses and amount of appropriations, .and the llscal policy of the Territory. Third. There is no authority in law nr n bond Issue of the amount and for 1 the purposes proposed. I Fourth. This oonei issue m i" I nmnAcnd m ai. amount anu ior ie iiuiiuco ,..v.t.v., .does not meet the approval of the Iple of tho Territory, as voicea mrouBu .!, r.hiir npwsDaners of the Territory, ijlnnd as Indicated In petitions and com- imunlcatlons addressed to me ui. I w reoresent that the J only authority for a bond Issue by the 1 Territory or Hawaii, i cu.ivu... ... J Section 55 of the Act approved April '(30, 1900, above mentioned. In which n power of the Ter ritory is granted and limited. That A ht nninr thn T.efrlslature of the i Territory by an act entitled "An Act JApril 25, 1003, by Sanford B. Dole, then or tne 1eiTi1ury ui x-un-n. (Governor for loans evidenced by bond Issues as irom timo iu umc ..-. authorized by the Legislature, a copy ot which act is attached hereto as Appen Session entitled "An Act Making special Appropriations for the Use of the Government of the Territory of Hawaii during tho Two Years which will end with the Thirteenth day of June, A r. 1M7" Thnt hv said act. a copy of which Is attached hereto as Appendix- "B," there was appropnaiea ?i,3,wu from the loan fund for the several specific purposes declared In said act, and authority was thereby given, upon the npproval of the President of tho United States, for a bond Issue of Jl.-377,000. CARTER'S SOLE AUTHORITY. This Act appropriating Jl.377,000 from the loan fund and authorizing a bond issue of that amount, Is the only authority In law for an application to the President of the United States for approval of a bond Issue by the Territory of Hawaii, or for the expenditure of the funds arising therefrom or which might arise therefrom. At fhn Tlemilnr Spsslon of the lature of 1905, His Excellency the Gov ernor of the Territory, ueorge it. carter, sent a message to the Legislature, wherein he recommended appropriations from the loan fund to tho amount of $1,000,000. In this message were rppnmmenclatlons of the various public Improvements which In the opin ion ot tne uovernor snoum ue jiuiuu from loan funds. This message and the specific recommendations therein contained was considered by committees of both houses during the regular session. But the course of legislation so shaped Itself during the regular seslon, as to lead to an understanding between tho two houses of the Legislature and the Governor, that there would be an extra oBlnn nt the Legislature called Imme diately following the expiration of the time limit of the regular session, ana by the common consent of both houses, and for the convenience and dispatch of legislative business that was both Important and urgent, and could not be transacted at an extra session, the final consideration and enactment ot a loan fund measure was deferred until the extra session. At the extra session the subject was taken up by both houses in connection with the message and recommendations of the Governor, and very carefully and fully considered. Consideration of this measure took up a very large proportion of the time dix "A." .v ;- -. .t; That In accordance with Bald Act to Pi me cu..., mm mn o --. .. . --..,.,. t -. .!, T-.i-i- flnallv framed, and later aDDroved by ,rroviae ior --...-. .-..- --"'" ' .. , ' L ,' ture nt the Extra Session or iwapassea 1 1" -...."., -...". , - .- an act known na Act 6 of the Extra Continued on Page 8.) mxm HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, TUESDAY, DECEMULK 5, 1905. SEMI-WEEKLY. -- 11 1 j 1 OOOOOOOOOOOC)OOCIOOOOOOCXXX)OOOOOOOOOOOOOCXXXXOOCXXXXX!0 CONTRACT LABOR AS IT WAS IN THESE ISLANDS. OOOOCXXXXXXDOOCXXXXXXDOCOOOCXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXJ PROFESSOR W. D. ALEXANDER. OOOOOOOOCOOCOOCCXJOCCXJOOOOOOOOCOCCXX) To prevent the abuses elsowhcro attcmliiigtji.e coolio trado a number of safeguards wero added to tho original master amHsprvants act, among which aro tho following provisions: (Continued on Page 4.) AN ANCIENT SLED FOUND IN A KONA BURIAL CAVE Anotner historical and archeologlcal discovery has been made In a cao near Hookcna, Kona, Hawaii. This time a sled, with tho ropes still attached, a surf board, a calabash and some other trinkets wero found. The finder Is N. -K. Pupul, a young Hawaiian resident of Honolulu, who recently visited Kona. Tho cavo was found In the face of a Pall which rose sheer up close to the sea. The entrance to tho cavo was very small and was barely discernible. The sled, according to old-time na &Mtttt '" JUULwAJUwUUUUUwwU Editor Advertifeor: As thero is mifch looso and random tnlk theso days in regard to tho system of contract labor which existed in theso islands boforo annoxatioii, and tho importation of South Sea islanders, it may bo worth wiilo to recito briefly some of the leading facts for tho benefit of your readers. Tho Master and Serants Act passed in 1850 was an adaptation of tho American shipping law, probably suggested by thoipractice of Hawaiian seamen engaging for service on whaling ships. It also resembled the conditions of indentured servico that prevailed in tho American colonies in tho eighteenth century. Pifteen years later a bureau of immigration was constituted to control and regulate tho importation of foreign laborers, and tho' conditions upon which they wero to bo employed after their arrival. At tlio.Bamo timo tho lato Dr. Hillcbrand was sent by tho government on a China and India to make arrangements for their importation. tives, must bo about three hundred years old. They think It dates back 200 years before Kamehameha I.'s period. Tho ropes aro made of cocoa-nut fibers, and aro still In fine condition. Tho surf-board is very short, a stylo used by tho natives for sport. Tho Forbes discoveries from tho Walplo gulch cave, have all been received at the Bishop Museum, and are being given a critical examination by those In chaige. Theso relics aro believed by some to be the remains of Kamehameha I., but their Identity is still being shrouded In mystery. DEATH AT PANAMA OF THE LATE JUDGE G. F. LITTLE (Associated Press Cablegram.) PANAMA, December 3. Judge Gilbert F. Little, formerly a Territorial Circuit Judge at Hilo, Hawaii, and lately in law practice here, is dead. -? S M'I.TjHf & raV& V i1A' t"V1QlilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllBllllllllitlllllllllllllllllllllllliillllllvP19 nflHLH c!y?yHLBaaBaaKaaaLaaflBaaaaaaV ' THE LATE GILBERT T. LITTLE. WHOLE 2752 THE TENSION IS EXTREME St. Petersburg Quiet, but Stocks and Bonds Are Going Over the Precipice. (Associated Press Cablegrams.) ST. PETERSBURG, December 5. The city is quiet but the tension is extreme. The strike of telegraph and postal employes is complete. Premier de Witte believes the Czar could restore order by granting universal suffrage. He holds that ready-made constitutions are unsuccessful as are ready-made dictatorships. The striking telegraph operators demand as a condition of resuming work the dismissal of the Minister of the Interior. Conditions in the interior of Russia are growing worse. MASSACRES OF JEWS. LONDON, December 5. There have been massacres of Jews in 130 localities of Russia. 1 ARMS FOR FINLAND. STOCKHOLM, December 5. Quantities of arms are being imported into Finland. BOURSE IN A PANIC. PARIS, December 5. The Russian Bourse is panicky. Bonds fell ia points and stocks 100. BRITISH CABINET RESIGNS--BANNERMAN SUMMONED LONDON, December 5. The cabinet has resigned. Campbell-Bannerman has been summoned to form a new one. It is forecasted that the new Liberal cabinet will include Morley, Asquith, Elgin and Gray. It is believed that Bannerman will secure the adhesion of the nationalists. There is talk of an alliance with the Irish and the Labor elements, the combined vote of which is 120. railway Indebtedness. CINCINNATI, December 5. Judson Harmon, receiver of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton and Pere Marquette railroads, states that the indebtedness of those lines will aggregate $6,000,000. ALLIES AtTeWNOS. VIENNA, December 5. The allied fleet has occupied Lemnos. o AFTERNOON REPORT. WASHINGTON, December 4. The Coneress con vened today with the usual ceremony. The House re-elected Cannon as Sneaker. Soon nft.r rnnnm. ing the Senate adjourned out of respect for the late Senator Piatt. ine most notanie teature ot tne day was the introduction of a bill by Congressman Hepburn amending the Panama Canal law so as 10 lacuitate tne saie 01 oonus, ana appropriating $16,500,000, to be immediately available for canal construction. NEW YORK, December 4. One hundred thousand Jews marched in a memorial procession here today, out of honor to the memory of the Jews massacred by the Russians. SAN FRANCISCO, December 4. President Roosevelt has appointed Franklin K. Lane a member of the Inter-State Commerce Commission vice Ex-Gov. Fifer of Illinois. TO GET THE COUNTY MUST HELP Bids for a road from McGregor's Landing to tho Government road on Iifaul wero opened as follows at tho Department of Publto Works yesterday: John Duggan, 100 days SG070 I M. Whltehouse, 100 days 6100 Cotton Bros. & Co., 180 days 6225 As tho appropriation for tho work Is but $3180, unless tho county of Maul steps Into tho breach thero will bo no road built. Maul, by all accounts, has such a plethora of funds that it Is not likely to stick at a trlllo of $3000 if the road Is needed. H MB. BABBITT'S TRIP. W. H. Babbitt, Superintendent of Public Instruction, leaves for Hllo today to confer with the citizens about tho High school site and form his own judgment thereon. Thoro are other educational matters to attend to, and Mr. Babbitt said yesterday ho scarcely hoped to return before tho next trip ot tho JClnau. In tho event of being detained over this week ho will make a tour through Hamaklm ana Kohala. ' A numerously signed petition for the repair of tho Walalao road will be to tho Board of Supervisors tonight. WODEBOUSE WILL BE LABOR AGENT Krnest Wodchousq is likely to bo tho man selected by tho planters and the Hoard of Immigration of tho Territory to go to Europo to mako an offer to Portugueso and other Europeun people to sottlo In Hawaii. A mtetlng of tho Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association will bo held this morning to discuss tho matter. It Is understood that tho selection of Mr. Wodehousa Is practically decided upon and thut ho will accept. Ho will go to tho Azores first and make offers to Portugueso to como hero In large numbers. Ho will have, power to charter a steamer to carry tho Immigrants away from their island homo. Tho route selected will probably bo by way of Tchautepcc. President H. P. Baldwin of tho Sugar Plantcis' Association and J. P. Cooko of tho Immigration Board, held a consultation yesterday over tho matter. At present there aro about 43,000 laborers in all the islands. About 000 more nro needed, and tho preference la expressed for Portugueso and Itullans. Since Secrotary Atkinson's victory In obtaining for Hawaii tho right to assist Immigration to these shores, tho associations most vitally interested In getting laborers hero have taken tho matter up without do-lay ana will move at once to get their agent in touch with the class of laborers they hope to bring hero. . ' 'A ., . -,-" ! Iwf ! "V JMJWK& . ni,.Ai & W.V;3:ffiAu.i mViJj ;zfrftJiYBiiyvW woUdUili fWilufV Vffoa'. t ( ...,. A it&. '