Newspaper Page Text
I m 1 r .i J --...- r' sp . . , . ,- ..y 3j MuuMMiica HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1908. SEMI-WEEKLY " 'J i HAWAIIAN GAZETTE Entered at the Postoffice of Honolulu, H. T., Second-class Matter Semi-Weekly Issued Tcesdays and Fridays. WALTER G. SMITH, Editor. Subscription Rates: Per Month X .25 Per Month, Foreign t .35 Var Tear .' 3.00 Per Year, Foreign H00 : Payable Invariably in Advance. CHARLES S. CRANE. Manager. FRIDAY l iranJTHfcfaiftlf'hw nrJ'i i- rfM ill i li y BWffiTf ll II FEBRUARY 7 THE PRESIDENTIAL FIGHT. The patronage question is becoming a very grave one in connection with the presidential campaign. The President disclaims using it for the Secretary of War. Ho takes the ground that the Republican senators have many place, holders bcholdon to them and that these placeholders are carrying out senatorial plans that arc not friendly to him. Therefore the President holds that it is no more than fair, ho should appoint a few officeholders who will bo friendly to him rather than to the Republican senators. Ho refused to appoint as pension agent at Concord, X. II., any man the New Hampshire senators could assent to and named one Chnrles Fairbanks, whom Winston Churchill and General Prank S. Strectcr -recommended. No concealment- of that fact is mado at the White House and it is also well known that both Churchill and Strceter arc working tooth and nail tor get Taft delegates from New Hampshire and with some show of success. It is not charged that Fairbanks is likely to help in getting Taft delegates from that state. Hut the knowledge that Churchill and Strceter can have patronage at the White House because tho President likes them gives great power to their elbows. Tho New .Hampshire senators have held up the nomination of Fairbanks and he is not likely to bo confirmed. In retort hc President has hinted that he may lop off the heads of a few Now Hampshire officeholders, who aro beholden to the two senators, just to bring the senators to a realization that he has something to say as well as they about Federal appointments in that state. A similar situation, only much more acute, exists in Ohio, where the two senators have already brought about tho rejection of four postmasters nominated by tho President without tho endorsement of thoso two senators. There are thirty more nominations of Ohio postmasters waiting in the Scnato and 'likely to be treated in tho same way. Tho rejection of tho four was a note of defiance to the President and he has given the .senators to understand thnt if they arc not careful he will strike back at them by removing some of their men now in Federal offices. There arc several Democratic Congressional districts in Ohio and the practice has been for the Republican senators to endorse tho nominations for postmasters in those districts. In the Republican Congressional districts tho Congressmen make the endorsements. But when tho war between Senator Foraker and the President began, the latter started out to name men for postmasters without consulting the senators. Of course the Senate must confirm the nominations and that was where Senator Foraker had his opportunity for fighting back. The war in Ohio between Secretary Taft and Senator Foraker waxes hotter and hotter and no one can teli what the effect will be upon the party by the time it is over. If Secretary Tpft could only have the solid delegation from Ohio his prospects for the nomination would brighten. Senator Foraker, whom tho President seems determined to eliminate from politics, is fighting with all the splendid courage for which he is famous and the odds against him do not discourage him. Every Republican member of Congress from Ohio has gone over into the TafK camp and the Taft leaders arc trying to roll the senator under. There has been renewed talk of peace between the two Ohio rivals. Secretary Taft a few nights ago alluded to the friendly personal feelings he had for the Senator and said that he could never forget that it was Mr. Foraker, while governor of Ohio, who appointed him to the bench' and started,, him on his judicial career. A night or two afterward Senator Foraker recognized this allusion to himself and emphasized his own kindly feelings for the Secretary of War. The friends of the two men and the well-wishers for the Republican party in Ohio have been trying to make these remarks the basis for harmony negotiations. Some people believe that in the course of a few weeks harmony -will be arranged, although it can hardly be said yet to have como within sight. As for the general situation with reference to the candidates, it can be said that Secretary Taft is now more than at any previous time, the leading candidate for the Republican nomination, but he is still some distance from the nomination. It looks as though he might get it, but not a delegate has yet been chosen and one can not possibly get a close estimate" of what the Secretary's strength will be. Of tho field of Candidates only Cannon and Fairbanks seem to be making any headway. The Vice President's boom is supported by prospective delegates in Indiana, Kentucky, Texas, and scattering votes in the South and in the country west of the Mississippi. The Speaker's Loom is growing. It has Illinois in its grasp, with strength in Missouri and "West "Virginia and with votes in a considerable number of other states. Senator "Knox's boom does not appear to be expanding. It is still confined to the State of Pennsylvania. Perhaps he will get the State of New Jersey, where some work has been done in his behalf. But Taft is said to have a following in Jersey. It may not be recognized if the Jersey politicians have their way, but there is talk of enacting a primary law in the Legislature there thiswTntcr ior the election of convention delegates, in which event the plans of the politicians would be upset. The politicians generally counted on the President's support of Taft being harmful rather than helpful to him. There arc many voters who do resent the President's efforts to dictate the name of his successor, even though he does it, as he facetiously states the ease, unofficially. But thus far in the campaign the President's judgment that he could help Taft has been vindicated. The other phase of the situation may develop later on. Much is still hoped of the -Hughes boom, although, as has been frequently stated, it has been disappointing to the opponents of Secretary Taft who hoped to see it become formidable. A clever scheme has been under way to give more life to the Hughes boom in New York, so that it could hold the delegation from that state solidly and incidentally keep New York from Taft. The old politicians there, headed by ex-Governor Odell, conceded to be the best politician in the Empire State, barring none, have taken the boom in hand. They have organized to push the governor to the front. Immediately they began to wig-wag to the managers of other booms in Washington, as all those booms are located there and have their managers either in the Senate ot the House. It seems to be regarded as fairly certain in the East that Hughes, with good management, can get the New York State delegates. Those delegates, as well as the delegates from NewEngland, are very essential to the success of the Taft boom. But the old practised hands of New York politics have lost much of their cunning with the present disorganized condition of the Republican party in that state. These old-timers have bungled occasionally apd they may bungle again. A bungle now would be fatal, for the Taft boom is making Buch progress that, unless it is checked effectually, it will triumph. t THE PROPOSED TOWN HALL. Honolulu ought to have a large building, as large as the old fishmarkct, for public purposes; and with that part of the Kilohana program and with the same special objective in the great structure on lower Alakea street, the Advertiser heartily concurs. On questions of detail there is room for more difference of opinion, as, for instance, the wisdom of building an arched front to the structure to serve as a city gate and of making the market a McKinley memorial. But what argument ii there against a public hall, especially when it is already built up to the floored and roofed pavilion stage! During political campaigns, the fishmarket, well-enclosed, would be the favorite-place for rallies. Mass meetings of all kinds, revival meetings and fairs would seek it. Famous bands or singers would find it just the right thing always assuming that the closing of the sides would cure any acoustic ills that may now appear. Fetes given in the open air at risk of rain, might well prefer the spacious town hall; popular receptions would take to it, as would masquerade balls and the greater functions of society. There is no end of good uses to which such a fine structure could be put and as the alternative is a coal shed or a warehouse, there ought to be but one opinion as to the wisdom of the town ball proposal. The plan of lighting up the city in honor of the fleet has the merit of cheapness, anyhow. A still more economical way would be to hang Japanese lanterns off the end of the wharves. V. A MOVE ON THE PRIMARIES. Col. Sam Johnson looks after the roads and garbage of Honolulu and does his task well. He gets more work out of his men than any of his predecessors are remembered to have done and by combining two jobs in one he has saved the taxpayers money. Though a natural politician of much experience, Colonel Johnson agreed, after the last County election, to keep his force out of politics. He has done this and has made it put in its surplus time on the roads and streets and in removing the town garbage. In all respects ho has proven himself a reliable, responsible and respected county official. A community with a fixed civic ideal would want to keep him in office during good behavior. But everything is not looked upon in Honolulu from a business or common-sense standpoint. We have our politicians and they want to make a good living off the taxpayers to' get places for themselves and their friends on the payroll. These gentry care little for what the taxpayers may lose so long as they themselves get it. As an election for county officers and mayor is coming nlong by and by, they wnnt to create a machino to work in their interests; and all of them know that the man who controls a part or all of Sam Johnson's iiscipiincd force enn do mighty stunts in the primaries. When Achi, for instance, thinks of this, his mouth waters. Now Colonel Johnson, if he were willing to break his word and neglect tho public interests committed to his care, could make a compact with Achi or any other spoils politician and carry the primaries with a whoop. But that isn't his style. He has passed his word and that ends it. Hence the politicians who work with and through their friends in tho Board of Supervisors arc ;ftcr his political life. Their first move wast mado somo time ago when a scheme to turn Johnson out and give the garbage job to one Achi politician and tho road job to another, was bruited on the streets and in tho Board. It all came to nothing then because of the public protest; but that hope was left in the Achi breast appears in tho proceedings of tho Board of Supervisors Wednesday night, when Mr. Fern offered this resolution: Whereas, The road supervisor of tho district of Honolulu, County of Oahu, has more roads to attend to at this time than at any time heretofore, and Whereas, The city must bo kept clear of all rubbish and other things dnngorous to life, and Whereas, It is the opinion of the public that the health of tho city should be improved; It is hereby resolved, That tho management of tho Garbago Department of tho city of Honolulu is hereby separated from tho management of the Road Department. And it is further resolved, Thnt tho chairman of tho Garbago Department is hereby authorized to nppoint a superintendent of ' tho Garbage Department and make a report of his doings at tho next regular meeting of tho Board. There is not a single complaint included in this resolution that really exists. Tho city js now kept clear of "rubbish and other things dangerous to life;" ccrtninly far more clear of them than it could bo under any Achi politician. The insinuation that tho health of Honolulu is below par and that Colonel Johnson enn not or does not look after tho hygienic end of his work, is humbug, merely intended for politics. And tho politics shows its horns nnd hoofs in the conclusion thnt the Garbage Department should be put in charge of somo other man than Johnson. Later, if this schemo is enacted, the road supervisorship will also change hands and tho primaries will bo Achi's and thnt dubious politician will have a good chnnco to securo tho Republican nomination for mayor. . It is a lovely little bunch of tricks but thoso by whom it is cherished. ought to begin raising flowers to put on its grave. H- LYNCHINGS GROWING FEWER. It is a satisfaction to know that the crime of lynching in the United States is having less frequent illustration. Last year there was a fifty per cent decrease from the figures of 1S07, an averago annunl decrease for eleven years, although some years interrupted tho exact continuity of that decrease. To particularize: In 1S9C there were 1C6 illegal executions; in 1S98 there were 127, a decrease of 39; in 1S99 the number hnd fallen to 107, a decrease from the preceding year of 20 and from two years before of 59. In 1900 the total was 115, or S more than the previous year, whilo in 1901 the total was 133, an increase of 20 over the previous year and of 2S over two years before, but the five year period ending in 1901 showed 31 less than the first year of the period. The total for 1902 was only a 'decrease of 39; the" next year showed an increase of S, the total being 104; but 1904 showed only 87, the next year 60, the next year 09, and for 1907 the tdtal was 63. The causes of these private executions do not reveal a preponderance of crimes against women. Of tho 63 victims IS were put to death after being accused of murder, while there were 12 assaults, 1 assault and murder and 11 attempted assaults, a total of 24 crimes' of this character. When to tho actual murders, which were not connected with assaults, are added two lynchings for complicity in murder, the -total is only 2 less than the total of all crimes and attempted crimes against women. Seven lynchings took place in racc' riots; 3 victims were charged with burglary; 1 was charged with an insult to a woman and 1 was charged only with theft. But two of the lynchings took place north of tho Mason and Dixon line, Iowa and Nebraska beiug the discreditable exceptions to the clean record of the North in this respect. Alabama furnished 11, Georgia 9, Louisiana 11 and Mississippi 13; South Carolina, Tennessee and Oklahoma proper had 2 each, Indian Territory had 1 and Texas had 4 Of the 63 there were 60 negroes and 3 whites, 60 males and 3 females. The conditions revealed by these statistics arc deplorable, yet there is reason for gratification in the fact that the total fpr 1907 is 103 less than for 1S97, ten years previously. Why the South has concluded to reform its lynching customs is not easy to determine, but several factors may appear in the equation of progress. One is, perhaps, the growing apprehension of the negro criminal classes; another the new desire of the whites to make the South acceptable to white immigrants, a spirit which inculcates respect for law. WOOD ON PROMOTION. In a letter to the Promotion Committee Mr. H. P. Wood remarks with truth and soberness hopeby .' fagB ji3i4 . .. . the time I get back that Mr. Jared'G. Smith's revised edition of Hawaii's Agricultural Possibilities wjll bo ready for distribution. With the development now going on on the other side of tho island, the splendid possibilities opening up in Kona and elsewhere, the certainty of profit in the cultivation of the pineapples, the possibilities in bananas, alligator pears, tobacco, rubber, etc., we shbuld be able to indued many people now living on tho mainland to cast in their lot with us. Hawaii can not avoid becoming the most prosperous semi-tropical agricultural community on the face of the globe, and now is the time to invest. We will also reap larger and larger returns yearly from tourist travel. The argument that, if Hawaii gets agricultural settlers, it will, at the same time, get larger returns from tourists, has been demonstrated in these columns over and over again. The two great tourist resorts of the mainland, Florida and Southern California, had their inception in agricultural booms. The moment people ruslftd to them 'to buy citrus groves and raisin ranches, capitalists hurried after them to build towns and cities and with them came the sightseers and speculators that were called tourists. Vast and permanent growth followed. A somewhat similar thing happened here nine or ten years ago when the plantation business boomed, going to show that it is ndt scenery and climate which tell most in tourist propagandas, but a chance to get hold of good property or to make quick turns with capital. Those who talk about the settler propaganda as a thing that means neglect of tourists need more light. Tourists may be sought of themselves without getting enough to pay expenses; but when settlers are brought in and a new country opens up with the promise of rich crops, tourists follow in a stream; and they not only come to see but to pick up any good things that may be offered. H Hawaii will memorialize Congress for admission of Chinese laborers,"which are needed on the sugar plantations. It is hardly , probable that much favorable attention will be given the memorial, for the reported amalgamation of Chinese and Japanese interests in the Far East hardly warrants this country in taking any un-' necessary risks at this time. The problem of the yellow man is causing enough hard thinking just now, without drawing in any new complications or establishing any new precedents. Oregonian. There is nothing like going from home to get the news. If Hawaii intends to memorialize Congress for any such purpose it has succeeded verv well in keeping the secret from itself. THE FLEET AND THE CHILEANS. It was not the purpose,, of the battleship fleet to call at Valparaiso, ! feeling of the Chileans towards the United States has bees friendly ovyfm the official sense since the days when Captain "Bob" Evans of the gaaboat Yorktown served notice on the admiral of the port that, if the Chilean torpedo.' boats made any more feints in his direction, he should open fire. Those were? days of tension and once or twice war was very near, especially when the U. S. S. Charleston chased the runaway Itata to Iquiquc and brought her baek to the American port where she had escaped the custody of a united States marshal, with contraband of.wnr, But the ChileanLtfyjthJir reception of the United States fleet at Pan .Arenas, seem to have offered tho olive branch and the same "Bob" Era: v , , Rfi -. t? l:ii ii. i.: t.: -u: .u .-!... ,... arm, attaining higher rank in the regular establishment then Umn M of the lieutenant retired. He is generals already widely known as aa aa " -- z ns nns cuivairousiy ncccpieu n. jjc nui liiiwu ma m$ ju'i i wm utuui..Sc "cic, in the little Yorktown, he defied, tho veteran navy of Chile, the forts, the army and the republic. He may well be pardoned for any pride he may feel fitf going back that way; but ho may be trusted not to show it and to leave a pleasant memory behind him. And he will leave something else a respect for the naval might of the? northern republic which the Chileans ncvor felt before. For the first ifmeri we believe, will Valparaiso see an Amorican battleship, the Oregen not having mado port there on her famous cruise, nor any other American vessels of her class before or since. This time, almost the whole of the first line of American defense will be displayed to the Chileans and they may be trusted U forget the spectacle and to havo a full appreciation of its meaning. ..- Alexander Hume Ford is one of Hawaii's enthusiastic and sfl fritl4s, a promoter who charges nothing for, his work and ranches mre people Umn some who do. As may bo scon on anothor page he has written from the Sewlb Seas in an effort to arouse more intorost hero in eopra. This 4rsp Is ae t which largo tracts of Hawaiian land nre and whlah, M aa fekuftl like that of Lanni nnd on semi. arid soil generally throughout tho greup, mwM bo made to pay. Mr. Ford, like everybody cJm who hnt not fnltea htf n. routine view of things agricultural and hortilultwrnl here, liolteves fo thw productiveness of all the island soil and wonders why every spur fawt f H Is not set at work nnd mndc to produce its latent riches. Thcro is considerable time yet in which to prepare for the fleet. I tfce opinion of somo of tho navoj officers here the armada will not renek Sun Frnncisco until Mny. Tho voyage up the western eoast of South Amocian will not bo rapid, there will be some calls to mnko en route and tho tar pet praam at Mngdalena bay may take several weeks. Aftor reaching San Pranetsaa afce vessels will dock in turn nnd visit all tho ports on the eaost oxeptfng tin Canadian ones. Perhaps tho midsummer mnnouver season may Mme befbr the fighting machines round Diamond Head. . We do not know what book of "magnificont illustration" Ittuhop. Mr referred to yesterday as one which hnd been issued by tho leeal ttwstaa; shm. unless it was tho Gazctto company's "Picturesque Honolulu." If se It mat have escaped tho Bishop's notico thnt the Methodists wore not nrgTimtriTi. However, the scope of thnt work is doscribod by its title nml there m m purpose of making it a compendium oithcr of ehurches, school;, business lumw or plantations. All thnt was done in the sumptuous Jubiloo number of the Athatcvt iser issued on July 2, 1906. . ' Major General O. O. Howard, a bill for whoso rotiromont with ike taafc of lieutenant general has passed the Sonate, is the most distinguished Iwfcw. officer of the Civil war. He has been on tho rotired list of tho army sta JSHto Howard did fine service in the Union army during tho rebellion awt fcjat a Christian worker, as well as a military man. t Governor Frear is not inconsistent when he declares against th gaaacal scheme of settlement associations and approves the idea of plating a, tofony f American farmers on the Lcilehua lands. Settlement assedntieas have a, tfcul name in Hawaii; they arc usually made up of folks on the aoaah wfce w& to acquire land to sell to plantations. An imported colony of praaiioaL tarmacs-of the Wahiawa sort, is of a different type, and the mere we got of Jfc ttib better for the Territory. 4. Canada gets the lean with the fat of immigration. For a good wMt aaafc one has heard much about her enormous gains in population; buUnow,. tbepthea side is asserting itself and Canada admits that she has become thep dampg ground of European incapables. Lately a good many ncwoomcrs were Mcg! back and the Dominion'is no longer in a mood to take everybody the ilmianifcjp companies bring. The Star does not think it possible to handle tho "twenty tanarnnil it q of the fleet at any specialized entertainment suh as an - lasting nircc nays out coyjy suggests a ball in tho throao rMM. A re in the front hall of the Capitol might also do unless "twenty tunum... .1 maKe me space looK,too ample. . The fact that Asiatics born in Hawaii undor the Monarchy, the FrctviaMMfl uovernment and the Republic may have a valid claim on Um sffat to interest politicians who are figuring on the control of tk Tacriaadat five years hence. An interesting article on this subject appeaas afcowaai Jt these columns. - The British, as a solace to the Canadians, are giving TTijahajall tmn arwljarfi They are expected to show the King's flag in waters whirt an sttt sm& American armada. These ships are said to belong to tho lowtj, dam as W. the Monmouth which brought Prince Fushimi to Hawaii awhile ag. . It is quite possible that, in the end, Senhor Franco may bo rooajlttl t tfcfc' premiership of Portugal. He appears to be the strongost administrater tfcaea, a man equal to emergencies. Just now he is keeping out of sight, bt troublous times the strong men gravitate to the front. -, -- : The state of war existing between Koloa and McBryde pJaatatiaas au milling .iuuui me xvauai ponce, une mignt imagine, if not tee wN quainted with the ways of the guardians of the island's peaee, that tfcoy xiuu lui; aiiuuuuu iiiiercsung. " ?" - ,- u , The awful task of doing with modern war steamors what obartlfiss.S did four hundred years ago with his old sailing tubs, is now under watv tastern sources we learn that the world is almost standing achast which he was always a devout mem ber. His passing .away removes another of the landmarks that bind Honolulu of today with the Honolulu of "the days of the Monarchy," when the "Whistling Bo'sun; Ioane, the Dandy, and others of the day flourished. Now, of the many street characters, only Mauna Loa and "the Worshiper of Kamehameha," remain. j . wa AW The Campbell resignation yarn looks like an attempt to bone across the scent of the tax office scandal whatever that scandal nicy fc m . If Whitehouse gets the contract to build the Nunanu dam it will n$, ni like old times. He will miss Howland and Patterson so. BLIND PAULO'S PIPES ARE STILL (Continued from Pare One.) had been supported by the charitable during his years here, receiving many alms In payment for the whistlings he performed on the pipes of bamboo, his stunt being to reproduce the whistles of the various steamers. Fair years he had been one of the twelve "poor men" who were fed at the Portuguese feast of the Holy Ghost, while he figured In other of the events of the Roman Catholic church, of HOW A SOUTJI AFRICAN WARDED OFF AN ATTACK OF PNEUMONIA. There is always cause for afecja when a severe cold Is aeeempaared by pain In the cheat. Mr. H. L. Ia Grange, who Is manager of a swre at JansenvIIIe, C. C, believs Chamberlain's Cough Remedy Is better than the prescription of a physiolan. Ha says: "I had a boy In my emptor who had been suffering from eold ami a pain In the chest, and got so bad ha had to go to bed. I had the doctor attend him and used several other remedies, but he got no better. I flnaliy trled Chamberlain's Cough Remedy, and In a short time he was up ami about his work. We sell lots of It In the store." For sale by all dealers. Benson, Smith & Co., agents fer Hawaii. The annual accounts of E. F. Bishop; trustee. In the estate of James G. Hay-; selden, were approved yesterday. n f J v i I 7 am Ka th ! tht l r few KS Sir I i est Ml i 1 a or i 1 9 fcc ft 1 Mn jr m i 3 Mi mm ftv Km c y m a 0i S te -' h; s 3-4 1 r 4 a J S4r to tM S3.