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laws of nature or in the action HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, TUESDAY, MARCH 3, 1908. NAVAL COMMITTEE IN FAVOR OF BILL NT IT 1 I S ESTABLISHING PEARL HARBOR STATION WERE SLASHED Bill Carries Items for Drydock, Repair Shop and Store Houses. (Associated Press Cablegrams WASHINGTON, February 29. The 'House Naval Committee has agreed to report favorably on the bill creating a naval station at Pearl Harbor. DELEGATE WIRES PARTICULARS. WASHINGTON, February 28. Governor Freaf, Honolulu: Pearl Harbor bill favorably reported, carrying appropriations of seven hundred thousand, authorizing nearly three millions. Includes channel work, drydock, shops, storehouses. KUHIO. KUHIO EEFE3S COMMITTEE TO DEWEY. Following Is the statement made by Delegate Kalanlanaole before the Huse Committee on Naval affairs. In Javor of a dry dock at Pearl Harbor: Tuesday. January 29, 190S. The committee this day met, Hon. Gerge E. Foss In the chair. The Chairman. Gentlemen, we have wHh us the Delegate from Hawaii, Mr. K&lantenaole; Mr. Hatch, one of the prominent citizens of Honolulu, and Mr. McCleHan, another prominent citizen. STATEMENT OF DELEGATE Mr. Kalanlanaole. ' Mr. Chairman, I sfeeM not occupy the time of the com- xaktee with any arguments of my own t in regard to the Importance of a naval base at Pearl (Harbor In the Hawaiian Islands. Instead I shall simply cite swse historical facts to show how and for how long a time the strategic value of Pearl Harbor and the Hawaiian Islands has been official ly recognized by the government ofl the United States. Beginning In 1S42, President Tyler save itlce to European nations that' the United States would never content 1 their occupying the Hawaiian Islands. la lSSL when the French wefe threatening to occupy Hawaii, Daniel "Webster, then Secretary of State, wrote: "i hope the French will not take possession of Hawaii; but If they i. they will ibe dislodged. If my Is taken, if the whole power of the government is required to do it" . . wwm .LA. tJiaiJ, 41GU CCVICUU V. ( State, reiterated the declaration that Hawaii -would not be permitted to fall tela the hands of any European na- Up to that time there was no of Hawaiian occupation by any mttoa other than European. j 1 Almost a third of a century, ago, ; . wben King Kalakaua was the reigning monarch of the Hawaiian Kingdom, the United States, by reciprocity treaty 'Obtained rights over the waters of CONFIDENCE eaid Lord Chatham, "is a plant i slow growth." People believe in things that they see, and in a broad sense they are right. "What is sometimes callea blind faith is aot faith at all. There must be reason and fact to form a foundation for trust. In regard to a Eiedicine or remedy, for example, peonle ask, "Has it cured others? Have cases like mine been relieved by it? Is it in harmony Trith the troths of modern Bcience, and ha3 it a record above suspicion? If so, it is worthy of confidence; and if I am ever attacked by any of the maladies for which it is commended I shall resort to it in full belief in its power to help me' On these lines WAMPOLE'S PREPARATION has won its high reputation medical men, and the people of all civilized countries. They trust it for the samg reason that they trust in the familiar Pearl Harbor. This was the first step toward carrying out the policy announced by President Tyler thirty-five years previously. Coming down to the days of Blaine and McKinley, we find those statesmen repeating the declarations of their predecessors. By the time that President McKinley reached the White House, It had become apparent that the danger of the occupation of Hawaii by a foreign power had been shifted from European nations to those of the Orient. Finally, ten years ago, when the unexpected events of the Spanish-American war thrust a new situation upon this nation, it became apparent that it was necessary for the United States to acquire the sovereignty of the Hawaiian Islands, both for the protection of the Pacific coast and In order to make U possible to maintain any naval base In the Far East. But although this government annexed the Hawaiian Islands for the particular value of their strategic location, they have permitted almost ten years to pass without turning a sod or laying one foundation stone toward the actual construction of a naval station at Pearl Harbor. It is true that a magnificent site of over 600 acres of ground has been acquired for this purpose. The ten square mile of landlocked waters -In Pearl Harbor could easily accommodate the combined fleets of this nation and of Gre'at Britain, but that can never give shelter to a battleship till docks are built and the chan nel approach Is straightened. The importance of Pearl Harbo"- as t a. iiiiv.ii mm uuiuary vast: lias trceii ; repeatedly urged by men able and ex- perienced in 1 military and naval I science; among them Captain (now , Admiral) A. T. Mahan, who .pointed out with unanswerable arguments the commanding importance of Pearl Har as the key to the Pacific. i Gentlemen of the committee, this 'government has for ten years neglected the safeguard of preparing a naval ! base in the Our relations with other nations are such today that it would be Inexcusable neglect of the responsibility of Congress to the nation to postpone the beginning of this work another year. The Navy Department ana the General Board are at last keenly awake to j the urgent need of opening Pearl bor and building a dry dock there at j once. Both these lines of work should j be carried on together, and both should , be provided for in this bill. I would respectfully suggest that your committee invite Admiral Dewey or some member of the Naval Board to appear .before you and state to you I personally in an executive session some of their reasons for the urgency of 1 work at Pearl Harbor, which they may I not care to transmit to you in writing. 1 The development of Pearl Harbor is not a Hawaiian proposition; it is a tional need. But as my nation gave over its sovereignty to this country ten years ago, we have a right to ask, and we do ask that adequate protection be 1 provided for our islands, so that we j could not be captured by a single of common things. This effective j tile battleship a's could be done today, remedy is palatable as honey and i Coast fortifications alone are not oontains the nutritive and curative properties of Pure Cod Liver Oil, extracted by ub from fresh od livers, combined with the Compound Syrup of and the Extracts of Malt ' and tnid Cherry. It quickly the poisononB, diseaee breeding acids and other toxio matters from the system; regulates and promotes the normal action of the organs, gives vigorous appetite and digestion, and ia infallible in Prostration following Fevers, etc., Scrofula, Influenza, Asthma, Wasting Diseases, Throat and Lung Troubles, etc. Dr. "W.A.Young,of tasteless preparation o' cod liver oil has given me uniformly satisfactory results,rmy patients having been of all ages. It is a product of the skill and science of to-day an5 is successful after the old style modes of treatment have been appealed to is Tain. Sold bj g& chemist ficlent; there must be an operatirig base for war vessels as well as coast defenses, and the latter are useless without the former. Hawaii should be defended for its own protection; but I repeat that It is far more important for the offensive and plans of the nations as a whole. Mr. Hobson. I would like to remark, in connection with the suggestion made by the Prince, that I ventured In advance to see Admiral Dewey and others that have studied that ques tion, including General Bell. The Admiral recommends Captain Pillsbury as the man to represent the General Board; and General Bell himself said he would hold himself in readiness to appear before you If you desired his presence on that question. He said he could be reached over the telephone today If you wanted him. NAVAL BASE IN HAWAII. WASHINGTON, January 2S. An AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE MONEY EXPECTED SOON ? . ... fc governor rear. expects to receive tne tnirty thousand dollars of subsidy from the Federal treasury for the Hawaii College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts or at least the first instalment of the money within four or five weeks at the outside. This expectation is based oa the Governor's knowledge of the matter and a cablegram from W. H. Babbitt. Superintendent of Public Instruction, received vesterdav. which y said, "Treasury Department rules favorably Agricultural College." W O W ? w O O W W W V t? 5 5 & ? ? O 3 V O 5 O w W V v W O ? V V "This probably means," Goverr.or Yet the original statute was framed Frear said with reference to the j before Hawaii was annexed and held patch from Mr. Babbitt now visiting Washington, "that the Attorney General's department has rendered an opinion to the Treasury department favorable to us. ' "When I was In Washington I uiged the case of Hawaii In the Interior department, the Education bureau of th&t department and the Attorney General's department. The Attorney1 General's was the only one to be heard from when I left. Approval of the Commissioner of Education, who at first ruled against us, had been gained. The Interior department gavs an adverse ruling two years ago. "As the matter has stood until this message came, the plan was that, after the College got well under way, I would write to have the money paid. According to the. law, before the Legislature meets, the Governor gives his assent to the payment of instalments of the subsidy. One of the requirements Is that the Legislature shall accept the money. "I hope to get the money In the course of four or five weeks, having already written for it." Each state and territory In the Union is entitled, under the statute for that end provided, to share in the Federal support to agricultural col leges. Some states have more than one' Institution subsidized from the fund. other step toward preparing for possible trouble In the Pacific was 'taken today when consideration of better defenses for the Hawaiian Islands was begun by the House Committee on Naval Affairs. It is probable that the committee's bill will authorize the construction of a naval station at Pearl Harbor and that a big drydock will be built there eventually. The project has been under consideration for some time by the Navy Department. The advantages of such a course, both offensive and defensive, were pointed out to the committee today by representative men from ihe islands, who urged the establishment of a naval base at Pearl Harbor and also the building of a flotilla of submarine torpedo boats to defend American interests there. Prince Jonah Kalanlanaole, the Delegate of Hawaii in Congress, addressed the committee at some length. He presented maps and charts showing the strategic position of the islands and the commanding position which Pearl Harbor occupies. He asserted that Daniel Webster had declared as Secretary of State that because of its advantageous location no other nation than the United States should be allowed to gain possession of Hawaii. He quoted from Capt. Mahan to show that the fortifications and the maintenance of a naval base there were indispensable to our mastery over the Pacific and that Hawaii ought to be - made the Gibraltar of the Pacific. ueorge B. McCleHan, representing the Merchants' Association of Hawaii, and F. M. Hatch of the Chamber of Commerce of Honolulu were introduced to the committee. Mr. said that the island had been waiting for the construction of defenses for ten years since annexation. Mr. McCleHan devoted much of his attention to an argument in favor of building and stationing a flotilla of submarines in Hawaiian waters. The location of the islands, he said, made an ideal operating ground for such boats. The estimated cost of the Pearl Har bor station Is $2,000,000, and to begin the work an expenditure of $500,000 is asked for this year. The committee is likely to give favorable consideration to the matter. .--. (By Wireless Telegraph.) HILO, February 2S. Several prison ers in the Hllo Jail attacked a Port uguese guard while at work yesterday. Each prisoner received an additional sentence." BUCKLAND. --. . CHAMBERLAIN'S COLIC, CHOLERA AND DIARRHOEA REMEDY. This medicine is well known for Its prompt cures of bowel complaint, which lis always more or less prevalent at this season of , the year. An attack of diarrhoea Is liable to come on without warning, and If a bottle of Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy is kept In the house all danger of serious illness may be avoided. For sale by Benson, Smith & Co., Ltd., agents for Hawaiian Islands. i VUiiUlllUliO 9ULU U-3 I.UU1U KLLIJ tllU difficulty, if at all, be construed so as to include Hawaii in the benefit of the subsidy. According to the approval now reported from Washington, all legal objections would appear to have been overcome and Hawaii, having started its college, will get the money. At present the Federal subsidy to each college is $30,000 a year an Increase of $5000 since a college for Hawaii began to be agitated and $5000 additional each year until the maximum of $50,000 a year Is reached. Under the local legislation of last year, providing for the establishment of the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, appropriations from the Territorial treasury were made of $10,000 for buildings and $15,000 for ad ministration expenses. As well known, a site for permanent buildings has been secured In Manoa Valley, the college has been started In temporary quarters in town, with an efficient corps of Instructors, and a free course of evening lectures is attended by nearly fifty enrolled dents. Moreover, .as already reported In the Advertiser, the Board of Regents has good hopes of now securing, as dean of the college, Franklin Sum ner Earle, one of the ablest specialists In agriculture and botany whom the United States Government has ever employed. DEPUTY FOB DR. NHH (From Saturday's Advertiser.) The movement Inaugurated seme months ago by Dr.Norgaard, the Territorial Veterinarian, to establish an efficient staff of assistants throughout the Islands was given an impetus yesterday when Dr. Elliott, V. S., of Hilo, was commissioned as Deputy Territorial Veterinarian and Live Stock Inspector for the district, of North and South Hilo', Puna and Kau. This is the first of such deputies to be appointed, but It is . the hope of Dr. Norgaard and of the members of the Animal Industry committee of the Bureau of Agriculture and Forestry that within a very short while there will be competent veterinarians acting with the authorities in all the is lands. The movement is being undertaken by joint action among the various plantations and ranches of the Islands and the Bureau of AgriJilture, the stock owners guaranteeing business enough to make an Incojle, with the salary of $250 a montl With this guarantee'Dr. Norgaard confident of being able to place confetent men In the outside districts to handle the stock diseases that now exist and prevent the introduction of others. Dr. Elliott left yesterday for Hilo in company with C. C. Kennedy and J. J. Carden. who had been authorized by the plantation and ranch owner, of the Hilo districts to represent them in the matter of an appointment and in the guaranteeing of salary. During their stay here several conferences were held with members of the Bureau of Agriculture and the Territorial Veterinarian. Dr. Norgaard is anxious now to see the other districts follow this example as there are existing contagious dis eases to be fought, especially while a number of large importa tions of stock are now on the way for the different Islands and will have to be thoroughly examined before be-: Ing allowed to land. In view of Dr. EHott's appointment he Is especially anxious that the districts of Hamakua and Kohala get in line, thereby covering the whole of the Bbj Island. H LAW FTBM DISSOLVES. At the end of this month the law firm of Kingsbury & Kellogg will be dis solved, Judge Kingsbury to carry on the business, as the firm's successor. Mr. Kellogg will devote his whole ime to the business of the Wahiawa Consolidated Pineapple Co., of which he is the president, the affairs of that com-. fpany having assumed proportions de manding his entire time. He will have his office at the headquarters of the company at Wahiawa. VALPARAISO, February 14. The great American fleet of sixteen battleships, under command of Rear-Admiral Evans, passed Valparaiso this afternoon- and continued on its voyage northward for Callao, Peru, the next stopping place. All Valparaiso and thous&rds of apersons from every city ia Clile witnessed the passing of the fleet President Montt and the other high officials of the republic came out from shore to greet the battleships, and almost the entire Chilean navy exchanged salutes with them as they "swung round Caraumilla Point and into Valparaiso bay in single file, headed by the Chilean cruiser Chacabuco and five Chilean torpedo-boat destroyers. Turning sharp around Caraumilla Point at 1:10 o'clock, the Chacabuco and five Chilean destroyers led the Connecticut and her fifteen sister ships into the view of the thousands who had awaited their appearance since dawn. The day was perfect and the spectacle of the fleet, stretched in a great semicircle, as seenfrom the high hills around the bay, was magnificent. PRESIDENT MONTT THERE. President Montt and other Chilean officials embarked on the training ship General Baquedano and took a position well out in the harbor. Around the Baquedano the fleet swung at a speed of four knots, firing the presidential salute as they passed in review. It was one hour from the time the head of the fleet entered the bay until the last vessel had passed the President's ship and turned toward the open sea. Then the Baquedano lifted anchor and escorted the fleet woll out of the bay and on its way to the north. It was a review such as has never before been seen in Valparaiso bay, and one that will long be remembered by the people of Chile, who came mile3 to see it. Shipping in the harbor and the principal buildings in the city were dressed for the occasion, as the day was observed as a holiday in honor of the fleet. From the picturesque sloping hills dotted with houses a profusion of bunting and the waving of flags were discernible from the bay. Thousands of persons from Santiago and other places in the republic had come into Valparaiso for the occasion, and the roofs of the Bofsa Commercial, with its two huge towers, the custom house and the large warehouse and other buildings along the circular road skirting the bay front were black with spectators. CHILEANS CHECR WILDLY. The enthusiasm of the Chileans was almost boundless, and they cheered lustily as the battleship fleet swung around the reviewing ship, their sides lined with jackies in immaculate white and the bands playing patriotic airs. The noise of the cheering was lost, however, in that of the saluting guns from the fort and the fleet. Altogether 1200 shots were fired. After the fleet had passed to the northward a banquet was served on board the General Baquedano by President Montt in honor of the diplomatic corps and his other guests. Toasts were drunk to President Roosevelt and .cvans and his oiacers, crews and ships, and the universal wish was expressed that the Americans may have fair weather and a safe passage to their destination. . In the city of Valparaiso tonight celebrations of every kind are in prog ress, and everywhere may be heard words of praise for Admiral Evans for having honored Valparaiso with a visit. PUERTO MONTT (Chile), February 14. The United States torpedo destroyer flotilla arrived at this place today after a safe and pleasant voyage through the channels from the Strait of Magellan along the coast of Chile. It was piloted through by Lieutenant Rozas of the Chilean army. The ar rival of the Americans was greeted with enthusiasm by the people of this town. (Puerto Montt is a prosperous Chilean town on Tenglo Island, a few miles off the coast, aboutCOO miles south of Valparaiso.) M-. . OF M'KINLEY MEMORIAL Arrangements are on foot for a meet ing of the Board of Education with the McKinley Memorial Fund Trustees, at an early date, to discuss the proposition of Prof. M. M. Scott to make the new High School building a memorial to the martyred President. A meeting of the High School Alumni will be held at 8 o'clock Monday evening for a full expression of opinion on the question of calling the new school the McKinley Memorial High School. All members are re quested to attend. Old Sores Cured by "THE HOUSEHOLD SURGEON" Druggists refund money if DR. PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL fails. Made by PARIS MEDICINE CO., Saint Louis. U. S. o A. Unless the officials of the DepartJ ment of Justice secure the conviction of the person on the Island of Hawaii who slashes registered mall pouches open with a knife, the Postoffice department may take Into consideration the advisability of having registtred packages for the Kawalhae route transmitted in burglar-proof safes 'or, at the least, in pouches lined with sheetiron. It appears that the registered mall pouch from which $2000 gold or thereabout was extracted, supposedly while in transit from Kawalhae landing to Kamuela postoffice, Walmea, Hawaii, and which was shown to the postoffice Inspector with a slit In It, was not singular case of the kind in that region. A suspicious circumstance has been noted in connection with that postal robbery, which was that tha orifice In the pouch was too small to permit of the extraction of the missing' package of coin through It. That particular ground of suspicion is rendered more ugly for the handlers of mall at Kamuela by the fact that & registered mall pouch from that office was received at Honolulu, about a month before the mall robbery In question, with a slit about Ave inches! long in it near the top. Advices enclosed "told of a registered package containing $750 in the pouch. An examination of the contents showed that no such package was there. Here was an obvious case of mail robbery, with nothing wanting but the capture of the thief. Before, however, the authorities had time to lay any plans to that end a wireless message was received by the postmaster of Honolulu from the postmaster of Kamuela. It said that a mistake had been made In the advices sent with tha registered pouch. The package of $750 had not been enclosed. Somehow it was overlooked In dispatching the mall and had been found safely reposing on a shelf in the office. So there were two Kamuela registered pouches slashed within the space of about one month. Moses Koki, postmaster of Kamuela when these things occurred, was arrested following the $2000 robbery. What he was charged with was embezzlement of postoffice funds, and for this bound over to the grand jury ses slon of the present special term of the Federal court. The cause of this committal was -a. shortage In his accounts Prior to the robbery which, though made good, remained against him under the statute as the offense of embezzlement. It is generally supposed, however, that the authorities meant to probe his possible connection with the robbery to the bottom. It this connection some talk, has leaked out respecting checks drawn, as high as $1000, on a local bank with the name of Koki upon either the front or back of them. Joshua D. Koki, a brother of Moes, accompanied the latter when arrested to Honolulu and, after a week's stay, returned to Kamuela and took charge of the Koki store. He has been assistant postmaster at Kamuela, according to the directory, Moses being deputy tax assessor as well as postmaster. No doubt the Federal and the Territorial offices mentioned, in addition to keeping the store, required an assistant Marshal Hendry is expected from Hawaii In the Klnau this morning, br'nging Joshua D. Koki under a subpoena to appear before the grand jury. His evidence may be very valuable with regard to the methods of handling registered mall matter at the Kamuela postorfice, if it does not have some relation to the brand of pocket cutlery used by the handlers of pouches on the mall route. M-. Makawell plantation was shown, at the annual meeting of Hawaiian Sugar Co. yesterday, to haye made profits of $502,304.16 last year, of which $320,000 was paid out in dividends. Including the Gay & Robinson sugars the crop was 22,666 tons, being an average return of 6.0S tons of sugar an acre. Manager B. D. Baldwin's estimate had been exceeded by 18S2 tons. This year's crop Is estimated at 21,091.87 tons of sugar. For the 1909 crop the area is the largest yet carried and i3 expected to reach from 21,000 to 25,000 tons. Little or no damage was done last 'year by the leaf-hopper, It having been kept In subjection by , the Australian parasite and local enemies. Kihei Plantation Co. held its annual meeting yesterday. Manager A. J. McLeod reported a crop of 3917 1-2 tons, which was under the estimate owing to excessive rains. Next crop is estimated at 4100 tons. The sale of the plantation, approved at a special meeting some time ago, is expected to be effected soon. Stanford did not enter a team in the cross-country race on Washington's Birthday, "tt. number of their men-were 111 and others had not got down, to training.