Newspaper Page Text
? vnnmiirft i niMin. tf nit twentv. rjvery
man invited to that conference accepted
the nvitatlon and attended. It hns
itlroady been held in Berne, in Switzerland,
on neutral ground. ;
l Effects or war.
1 "The second is the study of the eco
nomic euecis or waT, mm ui
fpr war. The gains of peace and
war In .tlihj present atato of the human
race arid of society turn in almost nil
cases nowadays on some question of
commerces trade, competition in Industry,
new fields for a manufacturing nation
for the distribution of its products,
f hosO are the modern souTces of
ii wnr and of international disputes.
AVo seom to have got by tho stngo of
dynastic wars. Thoso sentiments nnd
human ambitions which caused dynastic
wars licrhaps linger itf a few eyes.
Thoir fiirurative lancuage HnKcrs, I am
sorry to say, in many Christian hymns
as, for example, 'The Son of God goes
forth to war, a kingly crown to gainl'
the worst possible cause "for war, and
gone out of the world. We do nof expect
in these days to hear any moro
of dynamic wars.
No Wars of Conquest,
"Moreover, with trifling temporary
exceptions, wo sec no moro in tho
world tho waTs of conquest, the Titsh"
of a nation of all itB fichtinc men over
into tho territory of some other people j
for conquest, that is, lor tne taxing
possession of tho lands of other people,
converting them to tho uses of tho conquerors.
Innumerable nro tho examples
in the world 's history of wars of
that kind caused by tho desiro for new
territory and in tho older days by the
desiro for more slaves for in ancient
times, all conquered people were enslaved.
That cause, of war, with temporary
and rather slight exceptions,
has censed now.
Financial Reasons Now.
"Dislikes nud distrusts of one people
for another generally in modern
days crow out ot financial and com
mercial disputes nud different interests;
hence the importance, of tho second
topic to which tho trustees of tho
Carnegie Endowment have decided to
devote themselves, tho economic effects
of war and of preparations for
war. These effects aro long-enduring.
They Inst for generations after tho
war has been waged. They aro very
oppressive nnd burdensome, and therefore
thii trustees have resolved to give
a largo share of'their attention to' tne
economic effects of war and of preparations
for war, which, on tho whole,
aro very much more costly, very much
more uneconomical than wars them
selves, becauso thejr seem to bo perpetual
annual expenditures on a huge
"The trustees have already conducted
one conference on this subject. Thoy
selected the economists to be summoned
and invited them to meet in Berne, iri
Switzerland again in, littlo Switzerland,
on neutral ground, and they remained
in conference over three Tveeks
In the treatment of
of the skin and
scalp, which torture, disfigure,
Itch, burn, scale
and desfroy tho hnlr, as
well as for preserving
and purifying the complexion,
hands and hair,
Cutlcura Soap nnd
BuM l.roinkuiU II, null I,rt,ll.
'. ", ' tltt"M . y 7n t.liifptu
bitm)MJMjiW14 VJTWfVlt ! iiuimjiiuni,iilw iiici1.:xHi)Ka
Uiwtl I UnUUfi oim
AMERICA WOULD HAVE TO FORCE A WAR
((ontinmil from Pago One.)
tine of Work Planned.
"This board has been in existence
Enbout two years. It has already
follow. Thcso arc tlirco in number. The
first relates to international law, its
present condition the world over, its
progress, its tendencies in development
the world over and the best advances
to be made, the most practicable advances;
the most thorough gains. What
are thevt In what direction should in-
; tcmntiofial law advance! How can gen.
B oral inturcst in tho subject bo stfinu.
I latcdt Under this head comes all prog
ress towards methods, or arbitration
and the judicial settlement of
R-0 "Tiny Iihvc legun work in this dl-K
rcction. Thcv held a conference of
r international lawyers, drawn irom
1 fight different nations of ' tho - earth.
twenty in number the number ,of
nnd cety one invlttd ncrepted, except
one, rrofessor Alfred Marshall of Eng
land, who expressed tho greatest regret
that in henuu prcvemeu nis nurniuuK
the conference. I ought to say that
the endonriient is prepared to pay each
person inVitrd who attends his' expenses
ntid an honorarium, provided he writes,
out Ms own impressions of the confer
ence for the trusters.
Education a Ouro.
"The third line of study nnd
on tho part of tho4 trustees is tho
nnn whiefi I have been Instructed to
study in the Burnt. Tho. title of this
third division of tho trustees' work is
education and international intercourse.
The trustees believe that it is going
to ho possiblo in somo long lapse of
time to improve public sentiment and
public opihion tho world over about
war, about its consequences and its
evils its long-enduring evils, its barbarities,
ita shocking, hellish conditions.
That is to bo ono brunch of this
third division of their work.
"Tho other iB international
1 have been inquiring in
China and Japan as to what trustees
run fln to liromoto the education of
public opinion on this subject nnd also
to promote friendly and mutually advantageous
intercourse between tho
East and tho West,
"Now tho term 'international intercourse'
may ly taken to indicate a variety
of things. International intercourse
is promoted whenever the literature
of one lint'iott is made Accessible
to another. For instance, ltussin has
lioim -within the last fifty years made
much better known to tho rest of tho
world than it ever was before through
tho new literature or Hussia itsoii,
through the grcnt novelists that have
HTiruiitr ui). throuch Knssian fictiou and
Husslan poetry that has gono over tho
world, with tne risuit tnat, me nieais
of the Knssian people aro very much
better known to tho rest of the world
than ever before. Consequently, ono of
the requests tbat 1 am carrying home
to the trustees from China is a memorial
signed by a considerable number
of Chinese statesmen, merchants and
educators, nsking the trustees to establish
in Peking a freo library of the
American sort, to be devoted to the
American and European literature on
tho great subjects with wiucu education
is concerned, and particularly education
in the applied sciences. This library,
which they would have established in
Peking, will be supplied with nil tho
bebt books on such subjects as agriculture,
finance, cooperation in industries,
capital nnd labor, taxation and public
revenue all subjects which touch the
industrial and commercial life of the
nation and thoso which touch the governmental
policy and objects, such, for
instance, .as taxation, tho procuring of
a stable revenue. This memorial I myself
believe to be a very persuasive and
influential document. It aims to in
creased international intercourse be
tween China nnd America and all other
nations throuch the bookB on 'the sub
jects which 1 have mentioned
Carnegie Gift Liberal.
"I indicate thus briefly tho menns
of promoting intercourse between tho
nations which the trustee may reasonably
contemplate nnd consider and fin-ally
adopt with tho limitations which
Jbo 'awou'nd of their lucomo may impose.
That income ib , considerable. Mr.
Carnegie gave those trustees ten million
. dollars and it is all invested
so it earns an income of live per
cent or five hundred thousand dollars
annually, and that slim of monoy will
go far in the study of the tlirco large
divisions winch 1 have already mentioned
and in part defined.
"You" will observe that the trustees
aro proposing to take up lines of action
from which no immediate result can
reasonably be expected. As Governor
Frear said, we are not looking for an
1 immediate coining of a reign of peace
I all over the earth. Par from it. I
I liovo "thero is not a singlo member of
I this board of trustees who calls him
self or who would be called by otners
a peace man. J have' never belonged
to any peace society. Sonic pertoas who
know me pretty well would smilo if 1
were called a peace man, and yet the
entire boaid is abtolutoiy resolved to
do everything in their power to promote
the gradual, slow-coming of tho reign
of pcaci not thinking thnt It is to
(oino foori. I believe that there is not
a single member of the board who would
adviso Germany, for cxamplo, to reduce
its army, and I nm r.ure there is not a
member of tho boafd who would
Jnpan to reduce its navy.
"Now, is this -a couhtbtent frame of
mindf TJint was one of the things that
I was charged. to lopk into in the East.
I was charged to ascertain, if possible,
why th.epo great armaments on laud
and sea alike are maintained by .la-pun,
Tho problem is an extremely
one. Tho first Jopniu'so statesman
thnt 1 incj spoke very frankly ou the
subject, and as 1 was of the saino opinion
before, I was ghid to hour him
"Japan is in the position of Great
Britain .Japan on tho Pacific, Great
Britain on tho Atlantic; insular powers,
insular population in largo number.
Neither nation produces its own food
supply. Both import u considerable
proportion of their foods, droit Britain
by far the larger proportion, of
course. (Ireat Britain doo not hnvo
any stock on hnnil at liny ono time for
moro than six supply of food
for its population, abo!ituly dependent
on tho Mondy loming of thu
greater part of its laud. Jupan U iu
it !inlliir iHiMtlpn; however, not extreme,
Both cimntrles .iro dependent
for the ruw materials for iiiiinbarless
Indiiktrh's on tho eii Alio
t runic. Both feel that tluilr national
life, unt to piiik of national prosperity,
ilejMmd on the frei ncreim u their
shore under uM rumlitloiu of thoo food
itpi)Hn mill tho tMipplif's nf their ruw
"hi tho prucut ktulo of tlm world,
wliiit iiii'mii iirii there fur Kwinrlng Him
ifii'umilin' in Hu bunt nf (Ireat
hiii) jutli 1. 1 th I u Ml I mill in IV
iiimIiiIuIk limy ntd nnd nf lliu frw
uul umiiu, of ilutir imwliiil Iu IM
imukel wlwrn I buy nro nihil wtii
iimy in 0f Mtwistf liMtf limn iu belli
itt H MUil hsvii
ft wvy ivmtt h i"'ri u" '
Mktluu. Jjiu im mi ij Uuii liHttjili,
b'cmite it neatest neighbors do nnt
now hvo any navies, but thern l th
necessity for great nrninmcnU nd it is
a neceslty which every pcrflon who
thinks on the subject must agree to bo
iiTPssary. It is necessary to the pros
crvntion of the national life uud thnt
's tho thing that exory energetic commercial
nation will always fight for
tho preservation of tho national life.
Naval Reduction Must Walt,
"The trustees of tho Carnegie Endowment
nro not looking for
dlnto reduction of navies. They recognize
thnt some very Important world
agreements hnvo to bo innde beforo
will be possible, before tney
can be recommended by any friction
of the earth to nations which aro in
tho situation of Great llrltnin or
Japan, dependent na thoy nro for their
food supplies on tho sens. 3s thero
then no other melius except armaments
and uar for securing to an Insular people
tho safety of its food supplies in
time of wart Yes, there is another
means, nnd that means is n doctrine,
which hns been taught for tho contnry
by the public mon of our own dear
country tho United States.
"It is the doctrlno of exemption of
iirivntn pioporty from enpturo at sea
In time of war. Know thnt on tho land
it has been agreed thnt private- property
shnll not ho seized or destroyed
by invading armies except under diro
necessity, nnd then compensation
should be mnde. Know thnt tho doctrine
thnt wo exempt on land shnll ho
extended on the ocenn is an original
doctrlno which the United States has
broached. Joseph Choato lunilo a
thorough nnd admirable argument for
that doctrine at tho Inst Haguo conference.
It was not ndopted, but the conference
stopped a littlo nearer tho goal
and at another conferenco authorized
nt the Hnciie nud held at London, fur
ther stops in advnnco were recommended
to of tho civilized
world. Among the exemptions named
was the exemption of cotton from capture,
when in private hnnds, at sea.
That is n raw material, in the safo do-livery
of which in timo of war England
nnd Jnpan aro deeply interested.
"AVo aro moviung toward tho adoption
of this most beneficent priuclpni
the exemption on the sea of tho doctrine
that now npplies on tho laifd.
Thus far Great Britain hns been nfrnid
to adopt it afraid lest in timo of wnr
thoy should lose tho power of destroying
tho enemies' commerce nnd thus reducing
the enemy to straits ns regards
ins income and supplies ot iood,
in Great Britain opinion grows toward
tl.o adoption of this American
No Dominant Power.
"We havo heard a great deal in this
connection about tiio domination of tho
boas by this nation or nnothor this
se.i or another. Now the domination
of the ocean is an extremely laborious
undertaking- and n very adventurous
one. No matter whether a littlo sea.
like the English Channel or the Baltic,
or a Jnrge one like the Heditcrrnncnn,
but when you net to such vnst areas
as tho Atlantic, and the much larger
of the Pacific, tho domination of an
ocean is simply impossible by any naval
powor now existing. No nation has
over been equal to dominating tho At.
lantlc or tho Pacifici It has been demonstrated
that thero is no nation
which could possibly send 100,000 men
in transports across the Pacific, guard-1
ing them on tho way by. a large number
of ships of wnr from of
torpodo boats, nnd submarines, and
land 100:000 men with 'horses, food
and munitions on tho opposite shoro of
"That Js an important task for any
one. It is quito lmposslDlo for us ox
theTJnltcd States even more lmpos
sibio for Japan and for everybody
completely impossible and becoming
more and moro impossible every yoar
becauso of, tho difficulty of protecting
transports from tho attack of small
vessels of war of tremendous speed.
Japan and America.
"Then another subject was
state of feeling in Japan about tho
United Stntcs. Out of what conditions
could anything nriso to jeopardizo tho
friendly relations of tho United states
and Jnpan f Thnt is a problem which
fdioulif be interesting to tho people of
thcso Sandwich Islands for ns has
been minted out by the Governor, tho
Sandwich Islands would become tho
seat of war in any imngincd trouble
between Japan on the ono side nnd tho
United States on tho other. Tho first
Japanese statesman I conversed with
on this subpect gave mo a catcgoricnl
answer to my questions. Ho said: 'I
hnvo never been nble to bco any inter
est that Japan could possibly havo thnt
would bo promoted or served by wnr
with the United States. I hnvo never
been nhln to see that the Unitod States
had any interest of any sort which
could bo promoted by wnr with Japan.'
Moreover, said he: 'I don't know n
single Japanese statesman and I havo
been in ofilco many yoars of ony
party or any set that would not say
Just what I say.'
Nothing to Gain.
"On tho whole, tho fact is porfoctly
obvious to anyono who examines tho
commercial nnd industrial interests of
the two countries that tho status of
the two nations could not he ndvnnced
"Tho .Tnpuncso have absolutely no
thought of war with the United fitntr
and I feel Hiiro, from whnt 1 icrned
in Japan, thnt nothing could drhe them
Into n war with tho tmted Stntes, except
it bo somo assault by tho I'll 1 1 ci
Htntes on lliciii, nil ssnii.lt win 'It 'in)
people would resist.
"Thero cannot bo wtr between Japan
and the United Htatot mi! ess the first
provocation of war iliould coii'e
tha United States, but it is equally
Clear that the United states havo no
reaeona whatever for going to war with
Japan under present conditions ol com.
merce, finance or conditions of the
"I wjuli f ronld convey to ynu In
muni way thii lilimiliiWi mirpntoiiiiljloiiPM
uul iiiifmiiultij flnmu'liT of tlm
wliluli f ofmn licim! during my
trip III lliu llllil (llill iifo friiiu
AinHrli'Utmi'dliul wnr with Jupun wu.
innYilxMe, fc'o rwiMm twii uyt givm
tii'it out), wliloli whi that Jnpan wm
ulluglhii luu lfMiltfltJ, iMiwilintui
Km Njnf)dBl Iu IU awn luiwart, u4
lliat Jwii wuuld Uuo in U Uktui
(town, iu mk h faii'ilUr ii!hm, by wimr
HP.iv i ii pomir, pmfiiiuliU l the I'uli
"'I'likl U III uMl) cui. I itif IiiimI I
JULY 2tf. 1912. -SEMI WEtiKLV.
for ibis 'Inevitable' wnr The Munrd
ttv of that eftson hsrdl need to tw
clnted out. Japan is not puffed up by
Is successes against China nnd ltussln.
within loss than twenty years.
Tho Open Door.
"Tho general promotion of peace
throughout tho world is the hope of tho
t'nnipgle Endowment. The slow promotion
of peace by tho means of education
and by international intercourse
nnd by fostcrinc nnd ndvocntiim com
merce. Tho last, of course, means thnt
tho conimerco of tho United States
should bo mutually advantageous good
for both and increasingly good for
both. Can wo look for that with tho
competition 'of the nntions of the earth,
competitors for new markets t Hero
comes in another doctrlno concerning
International intercourse which tho
XTnited Stntcs hns for many years
nrireii upon me iiuuuii in mo
I rofcr to tho doctrine of tho Open
Door. Thnt means that n nation like
CMun, for example, which offers a
niqrkct if only it could hnvo
a Htahio government nnd iiinininin
penco and ordor tho doctrine menns
that untnn snouid open us gates 10 too
trade of the nntiolis on equnl terms.
"It does not prescribo what thoie
terms should be. It only means thnt all
nations should bo treated nliko ns
access to the national market.
"What bearing hns that on the peace
of tho worldf A very closo bearing.
Soo what has been going on lor a Hundred
nnd fifty years for tho possession
Of innrkctH lor tho nitmuiucturing nn
tions. Great Britain began by sending
commercial companies to tho East
arid other countric. An early company
of thnt sort was tho Hudson Bay Company.
Thero was n concession granted
by England J or carrying on trnuo ns a
monopoly with tho lndinns of North
America. Tho Great East Indian
wns another. Enclnnd endeavored
to secure trade of all nations of tho
earth. Tho latter company still exists,
governing in Borneo, extending over a
larirn tcrritorv. with British capital and
British ofllcinls. I hnd tho privilege of
traveling with tho geiitloman who was
to bo povornor of the company in thnt
tcnitory. Ho is a governor selected oy
tho trading company ami no is a despot
in thnt country. Ho is under no control
from London except from tho com'
Spheres of Influence.
Doctor Eliot spoko at length on the
various companies so organized under
the British Hag to garner tho trade of
the earth, the last "sphere of
so tnken being in Persia, Rusai.i
lately being tho first to extend its
"sphere of influence" there. It was a
menns to tho cud of getting tho Open
Door in tho countries of tho E.ibt, ho
explained, but tho only clear, fair way
was by tho doctrine of the Open Door,
nn adocacy of tho United States which
uaB niwnys reiuscii cuuucaaiuua ui
foreign places, and has been consistent
to tho present day. lio said
nlsd that it were better for tho world
that China bo not divided but that
it be ono China with the Open Door
for qual competition in trade.
: Seasonable Way.
'yt looks liko a reasonable propositions."
continued the speaker, "that
-Great Britain or tho United States or
Japan could bettor procuro tho markets
thov want from China under tho doc
trine of tho Open Door than in any
other method that in the last 150 years
put in practise Here is another
great hopo for penco.
ULJlo United atntcs has advocated,
for, yoars tho Opon Door and has advocated
for a hundred years tho exemption
of priynto property at bcu in
timo or war. .Moreover, tno united
States is the one power which has
fused concessions of territory of China
and Japan, Wo aro tho only power
thnt hns dono '-that and have mnde no
exceptions. Wo ask nothing of Ghina
and Japan oxcept tho policy of tho
An Agroomont Possible
"I have not said a word about justice,
or a word about tho innate desiro
for deliverance from the horrors of
war. I have said, oa the contrary, that
X do not look for immediate- reduction
of our armaments. Must wo thou des
pair of that reduction f May wo hopo
for it! Do wo seo any means for bringing
it about. Let mo return to tho
consideration of tho domination of the
I'ncific which is impossible for any one
nation on earth. It would bo a very
great blcbsing, very great for tho cause
of iieacc if tho Pacific could bo do
minated and controlled in tho interests
of peace. Is that possible? Yes, provided
four or five nntions will agree
fo abide bv tho doctrine of tho exemption
of seizure of private proporty at
sea in time of war, and aiso to maintain
tho doctrino of the Open Door.
How many influences inust combine iu
order to dominate in these seas not
only in tho Pacific, but all tho other
oceans! Not moro than four are necessary.
I havo sometimes thought that
three could do it, but four could really
do it. You and I might not select tho
snmo four. There aro sovorol groups
of four. That achievement, is not
The combination of tho four
powers which possess the strongest navies
could domlnato not only tho
but tho Atlantic, the Mediterranean
and the Indian Oceans," Heroin
lies n very Mrong hopo of Increasing
the chunces for peace.
"After nil, fho Cnritegio Endowment
has but n singlo uoiil, tho goul thnt
Svui to ho found tiio night that J din
was born, tha ultimiito gonl towards
which nil efforts toward pimoo -mint
tend, tho InnruUHi) of good will among
There wore inuiiy of tlm leading pi'Oi
plo nf tho Territory In tlm ninlluiiuo
nnd on the uliHfnrm. 1), Ij, Wltlilnulini
ami (iriimim, who liinl inn
tlm meinliig In clmruu
wml to wjioin. credit In dun fur imuli of
it suuru.Wiiro mi Ilia pliilfurni, Willi
the llnvcjjiyr, Diirlnr Uiiii'imin, llunlnr
(ii.lluh, Vthtp,. M. Hmitl, (Imu'riil Hurt.
ivell, IMijf, Alejuii'lir, II. U, Hmimvi uml
.l.mfw. A, Wlldpr.
iiDwpylltf llm Item wr Ur ilea.
Hlrl lljr, Ur, Jbhim A. Wlb
', II r, mii him M. UtwM,
Mu TTsr&UJ. uliiluiftow, Mr- II. n.
Ahilri JIr, ) i , WIIMniiiM uud
Hi? i'&MttijH! ll'V ?Wttl" fi A
mission of pencil
WltMngton, George BU'ptirnsOn,
Watson, A J. I.owrey and T M
ntcolvnd hv Queen.
.Tnimn hns it hands more than full with t i.- n. -i .
it. taxation moblcm and lth Its .".?""," . .. "-..'. - Ci". "i ..
anxiety oyer the .adjoining land, ot 'S " 'V"- o, W o n
Korea and sumeiintin. . ;rn Mv- , ,h t bolng Doctor Kllot, M.
'V',",'1 ,!.r V 'i, "if ll i?,nii Kllol, Miss itnlh Kllot, Mrs. Vesscndcn,
of tho two warn which it hns conducted ,. tVl. ,,.. T ',,, n.nr. i
.-..O, .1,V. .., .Hl.fl ........., ...w.u ..
Stephenson, 111111 llollister, i:. U. Wnt
son, .inmr A. wilder and sccreinr,
Pierce. Oueen Mlluoknlnnl wns attend
ed by Mrs. Tnuken and Mrs. Uolloway,
Colonel ('. 1. Inuken escorted the
guests into the liouc.
After tho formal introductions wcro
mnde the fmrty went out on tho lannl
and listened to selections by tho
Band which jyas rgndering a
....mm,,-! t Itnnnr nt llin
M LETTERS SHOW UP
The Queen ami Doctor Eliot hnd a Mllls been requested to republish.
lengthy chnt, tho former nppenring to letters aro!
lio much interested in Donor thiol's
At noon nn oetqECiinrlnh dinner was
given in honor of Doctor Eliot at tho
rpsidenco of Colonel Ilartwoll.
Todny Doctor Eliot's party will
innko n" trip round tho island, stopping
nt llnleiwa for lunch nnd visiting several
augur mills nnd pinenpplo plantations
Tomorrow morning tho visitors will
innko a trip to Pearl Harbor and in tho
afternoon will take unisneo by tho
I steamer Mauna Kea for Ililo and tho
A return will bo mndo to Honolulu
on Tuesday morning nnd tho party will
leave for "San Francisco by tho S. S.
win ii iu the nftcpidon.
VIOLATION OF EXCISE
UW DAD BUSINESS
Federal Judge Hands Out Sentences
to Moonshiners Biga
mist Gets Year in Jail.
Judge Sanford It. Dolo of the United
States district court ladled out somo
stiff fines and . sentences yesterday
morning wheu boiiio of thoso indicted
by tho federal grand Jury who had en
tered pleas of guilty appeared bofore
him for sentence.
Sungaro and Okntn, who pleaded
guilty last Monday to tho charge of
illicit distilling of liquor, wcro yesterday
sentenced to a term of eighteen
months imprisonment, to pay a penalty
of $fiO0 nnd a fine of $100, nnd costs
amounting to $02.20. It appears thnt
these men have been engaged in the
illicit distillation of liquor for the past
seven or eight years, but, on account
of the inaccessibility of tho location
of thoir still, only recently were federal
olficors able to catch them. They
had their still in Punaluu gulch on tho,
other side of tho island and it is ro
ported that thoy had been doing a land
olliee businefs for sbmo years.
For conducting n retail liquor business
without paying the special federal
tax Henry Ulii was given six
months in jail nnd fined 5(K) and costs.
This mini hns already served tlirco
months for iv similar offenso against
tho Territorial laws.
William Joseph Hokulon pleaded
guilty to bigamy. Ho wns sentenced
to imprisonment for ono year and to
pay a flno of $170 nnd costs.
John P. Fisher pleaded not guilty
to tho chnrge of illegal importation of
opium, nnd in default of bail was
to jull to nwait trial, Leon
M. Strniis is his attorney.
Gordon Uobcrts, charged with violation
of tho "white slavo" act, plead
ed not guilty. .
The mutter of Elan Carolyn Andrews,
a bankrupt, wns referred to George S.
Curry, referee in lanicmptcy, for adjudication.
The ndmimlty case of J. D. SpreckoN
& Bros. Co. versus British Ship bock
flitrvc was set for hearing July 31, iu
the matter of the award of damages.
Attorney V. T. llnwlins wns present
as counsel for tho olliccrs and crow ot
the tug Intrepid.
Tho supreme court yoitordny renewed
tho commissions of tlm following
district magistrates, to serve for two
years from dnfo: C B. llofgnnrd, district
of Waimcii, Kimiu; S. llookano,
district of Ewu, Oahu; nnd J.
district of Wnianne, Oahu,
The case of Nettle I. Scott against
the Komi Development Co., Ltd,, et ul,
appealed to tho supremo court on
from tho circuit court of tho
third district, has been set for
beforo the supremo court next
SEATTLE, Washington, July 22.
Poilcrul Judge 0. H, Hnnford, who Is
under flro for alleged drunkenness on
tho heiirh and corrupt private life, hns
wired his resignation to President
Tn ft, Ho mild thu cnusu was illness.
When tho cuniiiiltteo In elnirgu of
llin II n ii ford investigation wus Informed
of thu fact that thu jurist hail
wired his ronlguutioii, Coiigri'ssmaii
Burger of the committee stated that
Hid mutter would bo curried no fur
Col, W. U, Onnnidlyl, Jr for thirty-four
yenm thu Awwlntod I'ruiti rutin
inoiiileiit for vuudiiiii I'liiiiuylviuiln,
vol irulnlu uml outturn Ohio, illmlnt
I'lMnliiirnli, n f or nn tilings ut iniiin
I linn n vtmr, Criliiiinl Coimnlly nun burn
ut Tin I In Crunk, nwir I'llUlnugli, July
t, Hind ,t mi muly tigit Ik, httimino it
ivli'inbli'r Iu l7i hv u HpiiMiuiuil
nirnwiwiiilPHl of llm.iiiiituil f'rilu
I'HUhurtfb, iiwM4iwM l hmlra W.
fliii fnniiMr VifD I'fwliliml uf
I he I 'nil wit rtiuiio 111. Hila nf m1dhI
u nii'hfl in I DM, whvn Iim W mm,
ixiliilml Nlil iln kiiiii un llm alkir uf ilaV'
Dfiuii Itoheil II I'kltlHJU uu l'nwu)l
That Supervisor I,ow npoko without
much Idea of whnt ho was talking
nbout, in declaring that thero exists an
ohin block monopoly nud that the Kap-id
Transit compntiy nnd tho ohin block '
Killers nro tho snmo people, is demonstrated
very clearly in tho following
letters, ono from A. Ij. Castlo to Tho
Advertiser, the other from J. II. Castlo
to tho which thin papor
Rapid Transit Ownora.
Honolulu, Hawaii, July 25, 11)12.
Editor Advertiser: In your issuo of
Thursday, July 25, you quoto Supervisor
Eow as follows: "Tho ohin company
of 1'ahoa is tho only ono from which
thuy can get ohia blocks. Whnt aro
you going to do about oldnT Tho ohia
company is interested in tho rapid
transit company bo thoy nro trying to
force ohia on our streets."
In regard tu thu imputod "ohia
monopoly," Jiimcs B. Castlo has suf
ficiently explained his position and thnt
of his company iu his lottor to tho
ot July 25. Thoro is no
ohin monopoly, nor hns tho rapid
transit company even tried to forco
ohin blocks oa ' tho community. Our
position is shown in our proposition to
tlm supervisors of "somo ot tho lortiiH
oi block pavement" for lflng nnd
Queen streets, nnd by tho approval of
lava mucus lor queen Btroot. Wo can
not consent to bitulithic for tho reason
that it is a patented iinvotnout and
not suited to our use.
In regard to tho interest of tho rapid
transit compuny, tho focts aro as follows!
Only two stockholders iu the
rapid transit company ono who owns .
five shares nnd tho other whoso holding
is merely nominal each own oao sharo
iu the Hawaiian Davulopment Company
for purpose of qualification: and that
no shareholder in tho Hawaiian Development
Company, except tho gontlomnn
who owns live shares iu tho rapid transit
company, is financially interested in tho
rapid transit company. Thoro nro 12,075
sharos of stock in tho rapid transit
company. Had Supervisor bow cared
to find out these facts tho information
would hnvo boon frcoly given.
AliFKHD U OASTIjE.
Sccrotnry, Honolulu Itupid Transit and
No Ohia Monopoly.
July 25, 1012.
Editor According to
your issuo of yesterday's nftornoon, as
well as this morning 'a Advertiser, Acting-Mayor
Low has nindo tho following
l'irst Thnt the Pnhoa Lumber Mill
has a monopoly ou ohin blocks.
Second That tho "Ohia compnny is
interested iu tho rapid transit com-
Third That tho rapid transit company
is interested in tho ohia company.
All of tho foregoing statements are
absolutely uud unqualifiedly falsa.
A istntomcnt of tho oxnet facts is
duo to the citizenship of Honolulu, us
well as in justice to inysolf.
Thoy are as follows:
First Thu Hawaiian Development
Compuny (tho owners of tho Pnhoa
Lumber Mill), have no monopoly of tho
supply of ohin and its steadfast policy
and principle is uncompromisingly opposed
to any combination or
wheroby ostensible competitors
bocomo practical monopolists. I will
stato that upon moro than oao occasion
the Hawaiian Development Company
has been undersold iu straight competition
for ohia products, ami instead of
having any monopoly of ohia blocks in
any potuutinl rapid transit street work
1t is illroctly in competition to socuro
any such business with tho lava paving
block or anything olso that inny arise
suitiiblu to tho work of tho rapid
Second Tho Hawaiian Dovolopmont
Company neither colloetivoly nor by
nny individual stockholder (except W.
It. Cnstlo, who holds ono share of tho
Hawaiian Uovolopmont Company, Ltd.,
stock in order to qualify as a director),
has a dollar's interest in tho rapid
transit company, nor hna had any such
interest sinco ninny yoars boforu wo
ovor drooinod of mnniifiictiiring ohia
blocks or anything -also in which the
rapid transit might hnvo uu intorcs,
thnt I know of.
Third Neither tho rapid transit company
collectively nor by nny ind.ivdtml '
stockholder, oxcept as ubovo stated, to'
interested ono dollar in tho Hawaiian
Development Company, nor in tho lumber
In nil of this controversy we beg io
stuto that wo stand for but one thing,
thu fair uud square doul to overy citizen
of a straightforward open competition.
Wo liuvo received from t,ho supervisors
so far ono such opportunity
that of loner King stroot, tho contract
for which was won by tho bitulithic
coiiipuny, Tho next opportunity that
might havo boon given, so far us wo
know, was tho (Jiiooa stroot job when
tho contract, without any opportunity
for any other competition, wus uwurdud
to tho bitulithln company with commendable
It Is pertinent to remark apropos uf
tho multifont suiisitivouons (according
to tho newspaper reports of thu eon
fereiici's of the hoard), of tho iiiouiburH
of tho hoard, to Implication or Inniioinlu
of graft, that thorn Is ono wily anil
out) way only, so fur ns I know, o
forever quash any such Implication or
thought uu thu part nf any cltben uml
Unit Is tn ktciulfustly maintain u
slriilghtforward otum roiiipntHlnii with
out nny tricks ur Joknrn In thu povlflcii
Hoik or riimlllluiis, patent or uu pit
liuit, llinrnhy fulfilling (heir ulumuiiUry
duly In thu inhllo, fur whom thuy un
lrutiT, nf nurturing m butt value no
tlhlti fur I Iip i!i(iiiillturn uf th ii poupbiV
Voiim very Iruly.
f. II. OAHTi.i:
ilMiiHtinr, KhwhIIhii llllVllllipillMIII Com
nm uqmm, u, h m. Tim
mm vtiim uMMti lu wHUiiimI wu