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HAWAII AM GAZETTE.
I". DAT, , MAfiCII 21, inn. sr.MiAvr.ricLY. HAWAIIAN GAZETTE RODERICK O. WATHESON Editor Entered at the Postoffice of Honolulu,1 II. T Second- "': '. Class matter. , , " Semi-Weekly issued Tuesdays and Fridays. ; , r ' . Subscription Rates: " , ,-' Per Month.,,,,...;,... ft .25 Pw Month, foreign. .1 .13 - Pr Year....... 43.00 Pr Yer, Foreign... ..,......4.00 , ., ; . ' '. s Fayable Invariably in Advance. . ' . " i : , Charles s. crane, Minager. TUESDAY MARCH 24 SCIENTIFIC STORE MANAGEMENT. ' The United Cigar Stores Company which operates .over seven hun dred retailcigar stores in New York City has cut the wafrea of all its clerks from tea to twenty-five per 'cent throughout its classifica tion of "two-clerk stores." A two-clerk store is one. in which sales average $500 per week. For every hundred 'dollars per week in crease in' sales above that average the "United" will divide two per cent of the surplus between the two clerks who are to receive basic wages of sixteen and fourteen dollars each. Under, this standard ized system of employment fixed basic minimum wage axe .paid, but all the clerks in an establishment benefit of suffer in Accordance with whether the "team-work" is' good or bad.; v,, ,' ,V '' .?'' When the weekly sales in any one of these seven hundred stores rise to an average of nine hundred dollars wr week the store is made a three-clerk establishment with a basic wage scale of eigh teen, sixteen and fourteen dollars. At $1500 sales, per, week jt. be comes a four-clerk store, and so on. '..', . . This system is an example of the lengths to which the principles of scientific management are being applied by the giant corpora tions which are tending to monopolize all lines of marketing in the United States. ' . w- - ,-. . :-.....'' ..The big concerns specialize as no individual is capable of doing. Because they are able to systematize, they, convert into profits the odds and ends of time, service and materials which in the case qf the individual store-keeper or the small- corporation, cannot help but be debited as a loss. ,-.' - '. y The universal clamor for anti-trust legislation and corporation con trol amounts to a plea against thrift, and in favor of inefficiency and waste in the transaction of business. : v i :. . i . ' i ' i ., J ! RELIGIOUS GRAFT IN JAPAN. . ' , Count Kozui Otani, who visited Honolulu a few years ago on his way home from England to become Lord Abbot of the West llong wanji Buddhists, the branch of the church which has established so many missions in this Territory, appears likely to be involved in a wide scandal, involving the , misuse of church funds. Some years ago the West Hongwanji Temple at Osaka was the center of wide spread graft, resulting in government prosecution and the imprison ment , of many priests.. A recurrence of church, scandal appears likely now. : . '.'. ,r,Bft)ClIE! Reviewing the necessity for church reforms, in the light of recent exposures, the Japan Times, received yesterday, says: '.'Nothing reliable has as yef leaked out with regard to the prog ress of legal procedure against the high priests of the Nishl-JIong-, wanji, who were taken into custody last month on the charge, it is said, of the misappropriation of temple funds to the amount of some millions. ' Meanwhile various, rumors of a very sensational nature have gone .forth, that would seriously implicate the supreme pontiff of the temple, Count Kozui Otani. The Count is said to be a man of extravagant ambitions, his failings being not. so miydi of per sonal indulgences and sensuality as of uncalculating and dreamy ventures, suoH as conducting explorations in unbeaten pasts of -India, Tibet and Chinese dominions, either in person or through his followers. .Since his rise to -the pontificate years ago, he has also boldly extended the temple' propaganda work' both at' home, and abroad, especially the latter The trouble with him seems 'to 'be that all ttioait pntomrmoa wprp rnthpp ii lnntfpr nf hnrirtv thnn the . .v-.,v -. ...... - ... . - ? results of religious zeal, and he has figured as a spendthrift, not as a man with' a mission, in charge of millions of money given by trust ing souls. Naturally he was taken advantage of by knavish priests under hint, and the hoard of wealth he had inherited from his father rapidly disappeared, with the result that recourse had to be. taken to the legally protected funds' of the temple under one pretext or another. Hence the present criminal development, -'' "What has been stated above, if not yet proved in' law courts, is believed to be borne but by indisputable evidence. And what ia true of the Nishi-IIongwanji on so large a scale, is also true to more or less extent of a very large number of temples nd shriu8 thr6ugh out the land, in so far as the utterly inexcusable use of the believers' money goes. . In short, the source of the evil is the absolute absence of any effort on the part of the government to regulate the .manage ment of the funds and revenues of the Shinto and Buddhist, institu tions. If any law exists for the purpose, it has remaiued a dead let ter at least'for a generation or more. ' As it is,' millions that flow yearly into temple and shrine coffers are under the absolute con trol of priests, many of whom are as indifferent to the spiritual and moral welfare of their flocks as confirmed mammon worshippers or unrestrained libertines. ' r "There is, for example, a great temple in Tokio where offertory receipts run up to hundreds of yen daily, of which no account if given to the public. There is a very popular shrine, also in the capi tal, where on festival days three times a month coins simply fall in showers: the crowd of worshippers ia so great that most of them can not eome up to the offertory chest, and throw their money high over the heads of those before them.: At the elose of such days the priests go up on the roof of the shrine and literally sweep down cash of various denominations thickly covering its tiles! "And no outsider linnvt what use is made of the money. Both at the temple 'and shrine they issue talisman and charms for personal safety", and ser niona are preached on Btated days only to encourage more givings to insure divine protection and worldly success of the worshippers. If the receipts are smaller miserably so in many cases the priestly functions are practically the same in most other temples and shrines . scattered' all over the Empire, as we have, pointed out before. "It is no exaggeration, indeed, to say that, in so far as the people at large are concerned, the country is no more advanced than in the dark days of priestly tyranny, and religion with them is a mere mat ter of absolution in consideration of money. Worse still, there are even temples and shrines that are almost exclusively patronized by thieves and pickpockets who do not even ask absolution for their sins, but .invoke 'divine aid for the prosperity of their 'trade,' while nothing is more common than those that arc chiefly supported by owners tt Iioukcs. of ill-fame and other questionable concerns, The root of this degradation in the Buddhist and Shinto worlds is the total lack of proper control of the money given by the public and its consequent unfair distribution among the priestly class, which fact, in its turn, leads to reducing religion to a mere traffic. Yet it ja pa tent that the nation is not lacking in religious spirit, as was seen at the time of the fatal illness of the late Emperor year before last. The question is how to develop this' spirit so Ihat it may become a force in the moral elevation of the masses, and to effect a thorough reform in religious circles. , .,' "It is interesting in this connection that two prelates of the Nishi Hongwanji are now in the capital, having Come here at the request of Minister Okuda, who, as minister of justice, bus caused, it is said, the present proceedings to be taken against the temple, which his predecessors did not have the courage to do, in spite of unsavory rumors about it for a long time, and who, as the head of the de partment of education, is determined, as it is reported, to introduce reforms in the religious world." r STOCKHOLDERS' LIABILITY AND STATE LAW, The United; States Supreme Court rendered a decision on Febru ary 24 to the effect that a stockholders' liability rests in accordance with the laws of the State in which the company transacts its busi ness and is not dependent on the laws of the State in which the in corporation papers were granted.- The California laws provide un limited liability.' Hawaii, Arizona, New Jersey and some few others provide limited liability. : " ' '.' '' , In the case at court an Arizona limited liability corporation built a hotel near Pasadena, California, which turned out to be an un successful enterprise. A California Creditor sued one of the New York shareholders for the debts of the concern.. The lower courts held against the creditor, who carried the case on appeal to the Su preme CourJ. The full bench, Chief Justice White alone dissenting, have handed down an opinion that wheu foreign shareholders create a corporation their agent to transact business within another State they enter into necessary compliance with the laws of that State. The court held that an Arizona' limited liability charter could not exempt the shareholders from liability for the debts of a corpora tion operating in California, in which State the incorporation laws make the shareholders liable. V; . - : As will be seen this decision directly affects the shareholders of the many companies formed in Hawaii to operate oil wells, mines, agricultural, irrigation and engineering projects in California, or elsewhere, on the mainland.- It take away from Hawaiian investors that feeling of security with which they have always intrenched themselves on acquiring limited liability stock in a corporation which is formed for the purpose of transacting business within the borders of an unlimited liability State. This decision is bound to exercise a' deterrent effect on this form of Hawaiian speculative investment. ' It means that the Honolulu man who buys stock, in a Hawaiian company doing business in California is liable to be sued under the Californian corporation law of unlimited assessment to pay the debts of an Insolvent corporation. ' y - ," ' A CHANGE 07 TONE. .. Of course Hawaii is a Territory and the Philippines form a pos session, but otherwise ther0 seems to exist just now a very strong similarity politically between 'the two groups of Pacific Islands over which floats the flag that William Jennings Bryan would remove from the Orient. In each group recently appeared a new Governor, delegated by the President to cultivate all the New Freedom ideas that would stand transplanting, and in each has developed among the erstwhile shouters for democracy something that can hardly be defined but which is evident,.""in the air." Take the following edi torial from the Cablenews-American of Manila and localize it, and no better description of Hawaiian Democratic conditions could be penned. Says the Manila paper; ; . ; 4 ,; Those who have followed the comments of the native press"1 of late must have noted changing tone in their attitude toward ' the government. For some three months or so we were treated . to the amazing spectacle of a native press actually praising the ' government. The old attitude of constant and hostile criticism "had changed over night to one of loquacious adulation. .; The ; : dawn of a new era was at hand and there arose to heaven a hallelujah chorus of rejoicing. . : v . But ""something happened, or, shall we ' say, didn't happen. , The days rolled into weeks, the weeks into months and the new era instead of being an accomplished fact was still dawning. .. Mr. Harrison in a burst of enthusiasm had requested the co- . operation of his native friends and they had volunteered to a ,. man. In fact, there jwan embarrassment of volunteers. In less time than it takes ft ten it an army of unemployed politicos had enlisted in the great cause. They stood around expectantly' and cheerfully intimated that they were ready to take over the cares , of office. But the anticipated wholesale transfer ;did not take place'1'"' .' ''''','''' ' '."'.' ';" ' Iow the bast is proverbially patient, but no west; ' ai jquite a1 proverbially impatient.', Wht VtflPhree monxns iney-counieu up ine uisappoiniing ioiai wiooe eomjuis-;. sioner and. one' bureau chief there was a wave ,of discontent,' Inasmuch as there is a direct knd intimate relatiotk between the ,' politicians and the native press, their discontent naturally found expression through that medium Wherefore recently "twe have been regaled with no little adverse comment on i the 'state of things in generaJ.. ;OyCcoyernor has been criticized 'or appoint- ' ments he has madea'hiof.epurse, for appointments he has not made. Democracia rises to "remark that the. whole; scheme'" of government, as regards the executive branch at least is undemo cratic and wrong. All this, must be corrected. To insure the ' maintenance of the high ideal insisted upon, the power of im- . peachmcnt is demanded. And the new era four months old! '. In the prophetic days of last October was it not foretold that some such thing would come to pass, that the politicians' appe tite would grpw with what it fed upon! But whodreamed it would come bo soon t i - ; L ". . , , INTERLOCKINO DIRECTORATES. ' . ; There has been popular clamor against interlocking directorates in competitive public-service corporations engaged in interstate com merce. As a result of this agitation various drastic methods of con. trol have been proposed. In its last analysis, however, it is recog nized that prohibition of interlocking directorates implies govern mental power of control over interlocking shareholding. Legislation to the effect that no individual shall own a controlling interest in two competing corporations 'is obviously unconstitutional, and so also is legislation which would deny, to an inaivwual the right to the man agement of his own property. The majority shareholders of a cor poration elect the directors, who manage the concern through the legal right of properly delegated authority. The absolute prohibition of the right of the majority shareholders in two or more corporations to elect the same person as a director in each company would not be Upheld by any court of law. The principle of such a prohibiten out rages every principle of equity and justice, ' ; ; ' ; GOVERNMENT CONTROL OF FOREIGN TRUSTS. , ' ; A new law has been proposed for the purpose of curtailing the operations of foreign trusts and monopolies within the United States. The law aims particularly at the alleged unfair competition arising from the operations of the various European government tobacco monopolies. These "regies," it is claimed force down the price. paid for the particular, styles of Virginia and Kentucky leaf which they require, to such a point that' there is no profit left for tha fanners. This effect is brought about by giving all the buying contracts to one agency. The proposed law would make it illegal for any person, , firm ,or corporation to become the sole agent within the United Staties of any foreign trust, for the purpose of conducting business in a manner contrary to the Sherman Act. . , It is obvious that the United States can not enact laws directly applicable to foreign -trusts as long as their field of operations is outside the United Sfates. The democratic members of the house judiciary committee claim that the curtailment of the" operations of foreign trusts within the borders of the United States tn the manner suggested rests on a basis of equity and sound law. li is also apparent that if basic legislation along these general lines is enacted it will furnish a means of controlling the operations of such huge foreign monopolies as the Brazilian coffee trust and the much discussed international sugar-valorization syndicate. : r There, are a few men in Hawaii qualified to succeed Mr. Mott Smith aa chairman of the public utilities commission, and a great many thousand not qualified. We trust the Governor chooses wisely and shuts his ears to political babble on the subject. . .. nolitif ianfc eai east or SENTIIILNT AND ADVERTISING. The waste and the gains from advertising are enormous. Farmer, manufacturer, merchant and consumer works at cross purposes. The farmer grows what this land will produce in greatest volume and perfection. His production is limited by natural forces over which he hns but slight control. , y 'VV T The manufacturer .would influence trade to buy what he can pro duce most cheaply and sell with' greatest profit. His limitations are less stringent than those surrounding the producer of the raw mater ials. -:' ,!-' -.' .'''- ' - .",' ": ' i' '.,' " The aim of the merchant is to supply what the consumer wants rather" than what the manufacturer offers for sale. The consumer is the man who holds the scepter. He has the final say as to. whether the farmer, the manufacturer or the1 merchant achieve success in their several undertakings.. Hence advertising is directed more and more to making ,the consumer want something which the farmer or the manufacturer has to offer rather than to wards getting the merchant to buy what they would like him to buy. Because of the evolution of trade during the last twenty years ad vertising has. become a function 'of the manufacturer and the ro dncer of raw materials rather than of the storekeeper. It is a re cognized truth that if the consumer demands an article the modern storekeeper has to buy it and keep it in stock whereas thirty years ago the boot was on the other foot. The consumer had to be content with what the merchant offered for sale ' - ".'.',' V There are a vast number of manufacturers and storekeepers who do not recognize this truth as having any Immediate relation to their own business; '.''.:-'' ,: :" - ' ; ,-. . : ..' . As a suggested application of this principle to local conditions it might be well to consider the testimony given by various wholesale grocers during the government's suit against the Sugar Trust under, the, Sherman Act. Representatives of several large Mississippi valley houses testified that as high as one-third of their sugar sales were of advertised brands or grades, and that for such widely advertised sugars they received '.as high as three-quarters of a cent more than for grades and brands of equal quality which were not advertised. The 'Ceylon and Indian tea growers ' are enabled 'enormously to extend their sales in ; the American market by advertising along both positive ; and ' negative ,nines,-r-advocating , the : merits of their own product but especially giving wide publicity to the alleged uncleanly, careless and unwholesome methods of tea production in Japan and China, the countries which had always been associated in the minds of tea drinkers with the sole source of supply.: ' Sales are not made in the store,' but in the mind of the man who wants to buy.- ' . 1 . . ;' V:' 7 ' :' ' .Hawaiian sugars have hitherto depended on .legislative advantage for their place in- the -markets. of the United States . Whether we are to lose that advantage permanently is a matter which the future will decide. In the mean time, will it not be feasible to 'cinch that sentimental advantage which care and cleanliness in manufac ture as well as fair treatment and improvement in the conditions of life among the laborers on the sugar plantations will certainly con vey to the sugar consumers if the appeal is made to the discriminat ing public along these lines T ,?, ' .; V ' , . - ; Our appeal must be-.tb the' consumer,' not to the Sugar Trust or the refiners, and it must be along the lines of advantage to the man who eats the sugar or uses it in the'eonduct of his business, not how much his buying our goods w6uld help us. v'; ' , ' ' The very frank exposition of what cheap sugar is going to do to Hawaii does not appeal to one soul among all the mainland, voters. The Kansas' housewife is not one whit interested or sympathetic be cause ; John. Jones .of Honolulu has his income cut down from five thousand U'l lira a month to five thousand a year. If she knows that because of 1 janly methods of manufacture sugar of Hawaiian origin will make better jams and jellies than the sngar that ia sweat-soaked and packed in bags by the feet of filthy Javan Coolies, there is at once one good reason, why she must have Hawaiian sugar. . If we can show the' mainland.. consumer that sugar production is what enables this Territory to maintain a .high standard of civiliza tion, 'and that it" Is to. the immediate personal advantage of every true American to maintain in this group of Islands a strong American colony,, that sentimental advantage will, create a market for pro ducts of Hawaiian origin. '; i '-''': :y . m' ' 1 1. - -i - I... I. Y'-.. "V UP TO THE UMPIRE. '''.' ', ',''' The solution of the question of the location of the. proposed federal-building as -agreed upon yesterday by aa representative body of citizens as ever gathered in public meeting is the only solution Honolulu is able to offer,' if one may call "passing the buck" a so- lution. Public opinion in this city, has been too sharply divided ever to expeet agreement and each faction to the long drawn out controversy believes itself to be so thoroughly right in its stand that no amount of argument has or could budge anyone from his position. '"' ; ; ' The Advertiser believes that by passing the whole matter up to Washington, with a confession that no agreement is possible In Ho nolulu, we will hasten the .daywhen theret will be nothing left to argue over. ". j.,,:; y;;.-..- . As we view the matter now, the leaders In this city stand bound by yesterday's vote to' take whatever cornea without protest. . We have put the selection of a new site or the utilization of the one al ready acquired np to the final decision of the treasury department, and by that decision 'we agree -to 'stand So be it. The representa tive men of Honolulu are honorable men. There will be no under hand wire-pulling or blocks thrown in the way of progress once the treasury department speaks. . ' , i ,. . , i . THE POLITICAL MARKET. ' Hawaii exports sugar, coffee and canned pineapples. Imports in clude things to eat and wear, with canned politicians originating in the back districts from Washville to Tallahassee, going strong. Sup ply increasing but demand pinching out. .; '. - ' THE PASSTNO HOUR. The district magistrate ia establishing a graduated scale on joy rides per government auto, ,Police officers who take in the Pali and the. pleasure resorts on moonlight nights get a slap on the wmt. Trusties emulating the example, by daylight six months. . His Honor, the Mayor, points proudly to the fact that his two sons are numbered among the unemployed, but none has heard them shouting for work. While he was at it, His Honor might also have pointed to the fact that while he himself is not among the unem plr Ted none ever heard him shouting for work either.- ' he secretary of the treasury reports that the silver half dollar is less in demand than it used to be and is going out of circulation. Of eourse it never was more than half as popular as the large round silver dollar of blessed memory. If the treasurer has any halves that are a drug on the market, we can use them, if he will srtid them out this way. "t ; ' ; '. V It has been informally announced that the honor of sending the first warships through the Panama canal will be given to Germany because Prince Henry of Prussia, who will command the German squadron, will be the ranking officer. On top of this' comes a wise German engineer with the opinion that the canal VuT never have more man eighteen or twenty leet oi water m it and that therefore the celebration ain't going to be so much because no respectable ocean going vessel can squeeze through the ditch. These profession al pessimist are not all from Hawaii after all. . . ARRESTS MADE DY FEDERAL OFFICERS' Twenty-Three Alleged Violators. . ot Revenue Law Being Brought -' Here From Hilo. A party of between fifty and MTenty- . j Ave Dig- Inlander art expected ' tbll morning from Hilo and ether pointa of uv jbiiuu vi xihwiiii, uj U9 (.vainer Manna Rea. The party U belnc hed- wood and Deputy Internal Kevenna Colleetor Otto A. Berndt of Honolulu. l.ut it ii iaid to be far from a happy invuion tha etcurlonhti are makiac today of this city, for twenty-three of ' the party were placed under arreit on Sunday and Monday at different pointa v from ililo to Waipio by Rherwood arid qnor tax utatirtet. The met of tha "big '. party it mad up of wltnemei wanted here in connection with these ease. . Sherwood and ItermU elipped off to '. Ililo very quietly on Saturday after- . nvvn vj mo .11 auu. i v . a iuu will IBVm nvuk wiirriuii xur too arrest di iirfntr. three alleged malefactor whose - cop. posed disregard for the requirement of the federal law ii now irettinir them ' Into trouble. ' ' ' , ' A related some week ago la The ' Advertiser' Ililo wireless service the Hawaii county polh-e department re- inHv lint, ruiav mnA val.li.il m number of blind pis in I'una, North and South Hilo and Ilamakiik. which resulted in the arrest of a large num- ber of people, mainly Orientals, who were charged with selling liquor with- ' out a license. Most of the arrested peo ple were fined or forfeited bail. Thea the 'federal government stepped in and now tn arrest mentioned above nave followed, . .-. - The federal government doe not is- qiures an annual tax from alt who deal in this commodity. The local office of - tae internal revenue department ha been working on these cases for eome. weeks. Conviction in any of these case is punhthable by imprisonment with rrom thirty days to two year, or a heavy fine, or by both imprisonment . and fine. . - . ,, -., Among those who were recently ar rested by the Hawaii county authorities and whore alleged failure to pay the reuerai tax may now have brought them mm miwiu iruuuie, are me I01IOW Dg. : . . , ,, , ., ' Kl Kong, Ah Kana and Ah Kiona. of da, Isagawa, Suyenobu and Nishikawa, ' oi rsaunau, Jiamanua; s. Muyebiro and nuriniuio oi iveweia, iiamaaua; Mrs. '. H. Idehara. Ah Mni TTnhnnalil Y. Jkira, Yonhitomi. S. Hayaahida and 8, Arita of I'aauilo, , Hamakna; Ah Mrnff an.l John T.iwr.n.. nt UamaV.. - Hamakua, and Chu Num of Kukui haele. Hamakua. - ... , .f . Strong Backing at Washington it, Prompted Nomination of Ho,j nolulu Attorney. ' : ; ' By' 'Ernest Q. Walker. ". ;,' y . (Mail Special to The Advertiser) . WASHINGTON. . March 12. Prerf. dent Wilson ' nomination . today " of Balph P. Cjuarle of Honolula' to .! associate justice of the Supreme Court of Hawaii, has attracted some attrntloa . here.' Judge Quarle had excellent en dorsements. It was said at the de panmeni oi jusiiee ini anernoon inai hi support . wa much stronger than that accorded former Judge Wilder, whom Ooveruor Pinkham recommended. That Judge Wilder did not get the nomination, however, ia probably duo . to himself in no small measure. O0i.. eiais aere gained tae impreasioa taat Judge Wilder was not particularly de sirous of having the place. Further more be expressed himself very freely and positively to high administration officials during his recent ' visit ia Washington. Again Attorney General McBeynolds made a careful inquiry ia Honolulu about the candidates for this judgeship. ' '. . Governor Pinkham 's recommendation of Mr. Thayer to be secretary of the Territory wa received by the interior -deportment rome day ago and forward ed to the White House. The nomina tion, lent in today, will probatly be confirmed at an early day., v lucre t notaing new ia the arricee; matter. The house apparently will not take up the Navy Appropriation Bill for a fortnight. Former Governor Frear . ha just returned from a visit to New York and Bermuda. i-M ." . Little Julio Castro, thirteen year of ' age, wa the victim, according to the police of an unprovoked assault early 'a., .n.ninit It nm am a i , n i. ana. King sireeis, wuuam jveuy, a full fledyed man being the person who committed the assault.'' Julio's only crime wa to approach Kelly, so the police allege, offering, to sell him a pser. Kelly took -offense m lua mmy inb yvuagwivr ifjpa lu Ui- . ' - - J i.: . : . i : i . Kelly struck- the boy a hard blow on the back of the head with hi open ioung Castro made complaint to the police and promised to appear thi morning and iwear to a warrant for Kelly' arrest. , . Ada M. Deattie, former wife of J. W. Kerahner, yesterday asked for and wa granted a temporary injunction against her former husband to prevent b'tq from continuing business nnder the flrni name of the Kershner Vulcanising Comnnnv. LJniited. of Honolulu. - Mrs. Deattie avera that March 1 Kershner opened a new chop under the name of J. W. Kerhner, and that maay of hor customers were patronising: him under the impreasioa that they wet dealing with the old Arm. '' A ptiioa for a penuanent injunet'on will be heard Saturday uioruiog by Judge Botiin.on.