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A,. Of 47 . VOL VII , no. 27 HONOLULU, HAWAII TltURlTOUY, FKITj AY, ATRIL 3, 1914. SEMI-WEEKLY. .-, WHoLt NUMBER 3899 Or C I ' 11 i I Ay''V DEATH LOSSES ENORMOUS; Wife of; General Yja o- GEilEflfiL ES Streets of Battered City Arc Choked Willi Bodies of Slain and Wounded; No Facilities ; to Care for Suffering Injured; Remains, of Thousand Federals Arc Burned. JUAREZ. Mexico, April 3. (Associated Press by Federal Wire leu) After ten days of terriflo and almost continual fighting, the beleaguered city of Torreon fell completely into the hands, of Gen eral Villa and his rebel-armies at 10:20 o ciock last nignt, was tne announcement made here shortly after that hour by General Car- ranxa, directing head of the Constitutionalist party. According to Carranza, the end came after exceptionally heavy battling in which the rebels captured the three remaining barracks in the city held by the federals. The rebels poured. a veritable hail of shslls and bullets from their entrenchments against -the doomed barracks and the slaughter was .terrific.- '. :,".'. ' ' - VU -.: LOSSES ARE TREMENDOUS. '' The rebels also sustained tremendous losses in killed and wounded when, in making their final rush, the advancing column became en tangled in barb wire barriers thrown by the federals in the Canyon del Guarache.' ; ' ' , ' ':' ; . ' '.,.. i -.'' ' . The rebels, thrown into disorder by contact with the wire, were open to the direct fire of the federals and were mowed down, cover ing the ground in heaps. ., v ;.'-' ' ' ' According to dispatches from Villa lo Carranza, the rebel chief tain who directed the successful siege reported that his losses wer : live hundred killed and fifteen hundred wounded. ' ' He added that the federal casualties were enormous and that mojrt than one thousand bodies had been burned by the federals during the course of the siege to get ridv ; of . the bodies, ' .. '"". r r V'lNV. ..... -fy. .... i: ' ,:AV --- oO- V- B4 KHOWN TO BE : 1 DEAD IN BLIZZARD Death-Dealing Storm Sweeps New- . foundland ' and Claims ." . 8ailor Victims. Villa declared that last night it was impossible to even estimate . the number of ' federal ' wounded i "but that the figures would reach an enormous total : ; ., ! ; ' 4 VELASCO MAKES. ESCAPE ; y ." Generals Robles and Contreras of . . tW federal forces are among the .wounded. Gen. Refugio Velasco, .' commander-in-chief of ; the ; fed. ; erals, escaped with a small escort ; and is being pursued into the mountains by rebel cavalry. ;.T '. : No mention is made in the des patches of . General Orozco or others of the federal forces whom v ; Villa has marked for execution as '. traitors to the rebel cause it they are captured and this is indicated . . to mean that Orozco and others upon' whom Villa declared he would wreak vengeance were tak en prisoners and immediately exe . ' cuted.' v.'C. , Though the rebels, under com Y mand of Generals Villa and Felipe Angeles, are in full control- of ' Torreon, the city presents ter- rible sight , tonight.- Dead and wounded are lying in, the streets , and the facilities are far from being adequate to attend to the injured. Thousands are suffering ., from lack of attention. : , : .;. ' , V VICTORY COSTLY ONE. ; Though it is a complete victory of Villa it was a costly one and t . the superb army with which he ' - advanced upon Torreon is literal - ly cut to pieces. Though the tak ,,' ing of Torreon was necessary be- fore Villa could. ; entirely wipe Huerta out of control in the nortii ern part of the republic, his forces are so badly Shattered that it will require some time for the chieftain to again build up his forces so that ' he can begin an advance on the City of Mexico. V. J During the latter part of the '. fight and when the shelling was the heaviest the non-combatants took advantage of the neutral zone ; which had been agreed upon by Villa and Huerta before the en - gagement at the request of the ' United States and fled to safety. Few . non-combatants are among . the wounded. ,. ; FOREIGN RESIDENTS FLEE. . Torreon, although founded less than thirty years ago, ha a nor mal population of 26,000 persons. .It has great soap, cotton, flour and iron manufactures, and a great smelter receives ores from the mines. ITine months of the year the landscape is a picture of deso lation, as it is now, but the un- , nual rains bring with them color and bloom. The important adja ': . Contiuu4 9;Pge Three.) znm . i.. .-, Yt.y'C --IV.-. .;i ;rr: Mexican JecferaSs cTefen&ng -T'orreox. - &JM$8' ' ST. JOHNS, NwfonndUnd, A;rtV S (AnocUtcd PreM rdral Wtr 1ms) -An ppUiuf toll of Ufa U tMlni taken b7 tht bllrrd which U TMlng ions tht Nanfoocdltnd cort and Uit nlxht hd : lncrtiMd In lntiiltr Blzt fonr nwmtxri of ih crtw of th scaler Newfoundland are known to hire perched.' Thirty t-ven other mem. ben wore reectied by the enwa of eth tealers. The Newf oncdland wma crashed between ice Boos end tfie arw was com polled to abandon the wreck. All the dead perlahod from the bl ter cold and exporaro. ;. ', ' The- coaler Southern Crosa, for which foan had been felt, waa reported aaft laet night. Thirty of the crew who had left the chip were picked up by the seal or Bella ventora In badly frost-bitten condition nd declared that If ' auccor had hot com when It Aid they would also re perished. ' ; Because of the Increasing fury and scTsrlty of the bUssard and cold It Is believed that the death list will con ttnne to gtow and that appalling figures will bo reached.. ". WALL SLATED FOR CALDWELL'S Well-known Civil Engineer to Be H6ad of fublio Works Deparu: V ment, Accordinjf toVepprt: JOB JOHANNES F. ECK4RDT 1 G00DIOC-FIELD TELLS Applicant for Position of Chair- man of Publio Utilities Commis sion Confers with Governor and Declares His Ideas .Would Be Entirely Constructive and Not Destructive. PAST; SACHEMS E GAD T Former Heads of Honolulu Lodge of Red Men Speed Popular ' ! Member on Travels. ', v ' A large munlier of fast sachem of tho Honolulu lodge of tbe Improved Order of Red Men 'last night at the Union Grill gave a delightful farewell dinner to Past 8achem Johannes F. Ecksrdt, sujx-rlnteudcnt of the Queen's Imanship of the commission Is Hospital.'' '-J' .' " ; v " v , , . Mr. Ecksrdt Waves tomorrow by the steamer Sierra for a Francisco on a six months '. vacation' trip" which will carry hhn to German, his native land. He first arrived 1 Honolulu September 29, 1H71, SS "suiicrrargo" of the bark If "hs1deM foliticsl nforiuatlou js corrcet. OoA crnor Pinkbuih; tbw , we John .-'ldwell as suporlnt'n HOTELS BURNED- GUESTS FLEE IN SCANTY GARB . ST. Al'Ol'STlNE, Florida, April 2. (Aniiociatod l'rr Cable) Five of the tourist hotels at this, one of the prem ier -winter resorts of Florida, were burn ed to the ground last, uitfht, monetary dsmune resulting being estimated at . o,(HK). !Tho gueKts of the various ho tl were forced' to flee in their night garmrnU, many being forred to jump from- the, upper story , windows. One woman, received fatal injuries through jumping. . - -. ,' ' .; , ., ,; . EXPERT COAHING TO SELECT SITE E TO BE HANGED TODAY SAN I BAXCIWO,' April 3. (Asso eiated . Prens .by Federal Wirele) Thomas Ureeu will be nged tomor row, niilb' Governor i JohnaoQ com unites bis ' soiiteuu,' for the murder of Willi Howies, rathior of . the Palo Verde Valley bauk at Hlythe, whom Croon ?bot anil killed when the bauk orticiul resisted his attempt to rob the iut itution in broad daylight at the point of a revolver. . . ': LEADER OF UNEMPLOYED CONVICTED OF VAGRANCY HAOhXmKNTO, California,1 April 2. (Associated Press Cable)' General Kellcy, formerly eommandtr io ehlef of the- army of unemployed, met with an Igiioblit finish here today, when he was convicted on charge of vagrancy. President Wallnce B." Fnrrin'gtou an nounced at the mreting of th iner chant ' asKoeiation yesterday 'afternoon tbo receipt of the following' cablegram from tlio Delegate's secretary in Wush- illgtOOi ; ,' -j ' ' . ; "J. VV. lioberts leaves oa Korea. to review the whole .federal site situation and report back to the treasury depart ment. . . kaLanianaou:' J. A . Boberts,' who is employed in the supervising architect's ollice of thu treasury department, 4ias been a fre quent visitor to Honolulu and is well verged In local afl'uirs, - lie was here in October, 1HI.3, to work out' tbe pliius for the additions to tho Honolulu post otiice and has drawn the plans tor the Hilo jfeileral building. ,. ;Vlrv Kot.erts' hoadipjarters are in Hun Franciscu. Ho lias had general supervision of all public building construction on tbu I'uciile Coast lor about twenty years and. is kuuwu as an expert potsu8o-L of eon servative judgment and nterling quali ties. At the meeting yestordny it wa gen erally declared that Honolulu is fortu uate.in having an expert aent here to settle onci) and for ull the long dis CUHsed locatioji of the federal building site and especially one who in so well verned in Hawaiian conditions. Henides settling te Mabuka site problem, Mr. Kobertx will jiropare pluns for further eteuii)ii of- the quarters now occupied by the postal department, The phenomenal Increnso in poxtotlice business which hus followed tho extab lishinont of parrel post and the postal savings bank, have already proved the preeu( o races too smau. UNIONISTS DECIDE NOT TO OPPOSE ASQUITH IX)XPON', April !J. '(Associated Press Cable) Tho Unionists have de tided, after many meetiugs and heated debate, and argument, not' to oppose llorbert Asqmth, n-tired premier ami at of war, rn nig ngot present secretary for reelection, TBHTIES IIIOEPINITE WAHHINOTO.V,' April 3. i-' (Associ ated Press by Federal Vflrelees)8ec- retary of Btate liryan yesterday pro posed to the senate committee on for s;Kn relations that in the future arbi tration treaties be draws to run in deiluitely, instead of being negotiated for IHiriods of live years, as now. 170,000 MINERS STRIKE ; . DEMAND MINIMUM WAGE inlcnt; pf bl'n or'.t.'t This decision was reach ed, it is said, only after a conference bctwVeir,';ht- Oovernor and 'what has coma to be known ns th 'Democratic "Hiih'Flve"'of Honolulu, lod by Link McCmu.llesS. Caldwell 'a succersor hj to bo William A, Wall, It Is said, and he prolably will begin his duties as head of the publiu works department some tihie during the present mouth, and not later than May 1. - ! Mr. WU is well known'ln Honolulu, lie lit a Democrat ss well as being an exiierirnt-cd civil engiuoer. He direct ed the. laying put of the Waiaho'e proj ect. He has received the endorsement of the Democratic Territorial Commit toe and his selection will probably be the first Governor Pinkharu will make on the recommendation of tost politi cal organization. J. H. Craig was mentioned also as n promunnu candidate for tbe position. but it is claimed by Wall's supporters thst Craig will not be seriously con sidered. . . " . - ' Action is also soon cxprrted in I number of federal appointments. The friends of William P. Fenndl, license inspector, are redoubling their efforts i.i behalf of his candidacy for United Htates marshal. Fennell has tbe back' in ir of some of the best known Demo rratic leaders hi Hawaii arid bis friends are confident he will land the prize. Customs Collector ' Stackable, too. must look to his laurels, say the Bour bon office chasers, for tucy have "dark horse" whom they claim will land Stackable's position. With the news from Washington that 8oapbox Harron and United Htatos Henator Var daman are backing the appointment of a successor. to internal Revenue Colls tor Cottrill, naturally the fi lends of C. D. Pringle also feel hopsfr., but those who have been aUndrng ty -watching the play, of the wire pullers say that when the real "slate" la known there will be n number of aurprit-es wh'ch even the most conservative eould . not figure. -. .. ..- ; CONTRACT nliiffFOB HILO FEDERAL BUILDING Priscilla, Thich brought at that time the first PoVtaguts; LmuiigrtnH to Ha- Uoka Vhort aoiedv as toftwasior at ihe'dinoer last night and called ,on alfwien't vfuf a ren!aisl . Kerloily cTierfnrtr "resj.iojidud. Tbn olrpj ni- sentee at. the effiur was Judge Willlara Robinsoa, Who is also a past sit'ham. He was uual Is to attund on aceouat of illness, but scut his regreis la en inter esting letter which was , read at the dinner.,'-' - ." ' : ' : " Those' proaent last uiubt availed themselves , of the opportunity ' to or ganize in n preliminary mauner a' past sachems' association, , John W, Short being ekcted eoairn.ait and L. A. Perry secretary. . Thoe who attended tbe dinner, be sides the guest of honor, were Julius Ah. John W. r-'hort. F. C. Betters. T, I). Hlroi p, E'. V. Todd, A. D. Custro, l. w. Aeli, U A. Peny, 1'eter Higg ns, . U Ea kin,. Harry O. Foster. J. 8. Azevedo, Ii. A. Ash, J. C. Houza, H. A. .Frauaon and Auton tk-hi miner, past sachems; H. A. Parker, sachem; M. F. Peter, senior sau-amore. and H. K. A. Buothing, junior sagamore ' LEF.Pfli, "England, April 2i ( Asso ciated Press Cable) Demanding a minimum wage scale, Yorkshire miners to the number pf 1711,000 have declared a strike, : Almost every -cqal mine in this section of h'tiland Is affected by the walk-out. t. , . i ,' .m. - : LIND, AFTER VACATION, AGAIN TO MAKE JOURNEY ' . WASHINGTON, April 8. Associated Press Cable) John I.i nd, ' President Wilson's smcIiiI envoy to Mexico, will again journey abroad in tbe Mayflower, following a brief vacation in tbe I'ui ted states. II. pooling Field, who is an aHdicant for the position of cbarrmnh of the pub-' lie utilities commission, was closeted with Governor Pinkham for some time yesterday 1 morning. It Is understood thnt Governor linkham is inteut upon securing from all applicants for this position their views on the Public Util ities Act.' , v Though the Governor would make, no announcement yesterdsy it is believed tnat the next spointment he will make will be to fill this important position. Mr. Goodlng-Kielit emerged from bis conference with the Chief Executive yesterday morning determined to eou- tinue his csndidary for the position. "I have what I believe is a construc tive and not a destructive plan for the operation of tho Public Utilities Act," be said. . In support of this the following copy of his letter to Governor Pinkham in support of his application for the cbarr- Kiven . herewith: ' ...'.. Answers Request of Governor. , ' ' Honolulu, T. IU April 2, 1914. "Honorable U K. Pinkham, Governor ' ,' os? Hawaii, Honolulu, T. H. ''8ir; la reply' to your coinmunlca. tlou of the twenty-third ultimo, request-, lug my ideas as to the scope and pos- , sible steps , to be taken to efiiciontly administer the office of chairman of the public utilities commissiqa, I beg to state, as follows; ' , The general legal Slid sdministra- e principles whieh underlie the law ike which created 'our injldio utilities ooni- mmMf-rt .awo.4i.laiJie-i similar -statates u the mainlaiMl. rAct of tho s-sMion Laws of 191 imposes upon the manage oient of private plants the duty of es tablishing reasonable rates nnd regulat ing reasonably adequate servh-e la the trst instance. The initial responsibil ity lies with the managements - who mnst select the agencies, material and methods through which .the service is provided. ' ' .. . Explain Theory of Law. "All ratos, rules and regulations may be rhalleuned, at any time, and revised nd .modified b the commission. The theory of, the law and Its administra tion Is to place the reseetive manage ments on the defensive, throwing the burden upon tneui to justify their rates and service whenever the issue is raised sic fore the commission. The commission may act both upon complaint and upon its own initiative with respect to all matters relating to -public utilities. "The most importaut provisions at 6ur public utilities law may be grouped about four brndiug heads, namely, val uation, accounting, rates and service; these provltions, however, are not so specific on Such matters, for instance, as the appraisal and valuation, and ra tion, br ' the eOlliniiasinn tit 1k hysical property of miMic ,.t;i;t;a.. the extension of facilities; and the pro viding for a uniform system of account- in IT. with stm., in I . 8AV FRANCISCO, April Z. (Asso- preciation and 4-onstrurtinn ' ciated Press Cablo)-Aceording to ad- M wl" be found in tho Publia Utility vices received from WashiugtoU today notaoiy the Wise on. the only region., reserve bank that will Z - iSJLTaiSSiVa come to the Pacific Coast will be lo- 1911. " 7 ' cated in this city. Others will be dis- , Importaot Beonlrameot. tributed around the country as follows: "In Section S of Act 89, before re Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Clove- 'erred to, the commission is empowered mi, nicnuioou, Atlanta, Uallus, Chr-ll examine tne valuation of the nhvai ew . as City, TQ HAVE REGIONAL RESEflVE SANK Louis, Minneaiolis and Kan v i iuuv sucn valuation, II 1 1 II I II 1.1 I this class of leuislat According to a cablegram received from WaKbinktou yesterday, by. the Star-Bulletin the eoutract for the con struction of the federal building at Hilo was awarded yesterday to the Camp bell Construction Company of Halt Lake City. The- company's lild was $IH.1,622. The bids were opened in Washington on January IS, The esti mated cost was -'0,000. BRILLIANT METEOR SEEN. An unusually large and brilliant meteor passed over lower Manoa Valley last night at about seven-fifty o'clock. A. ,T. Gignoux, who reported the occur rence, stated that it resembeld a gigan tic skyrocket and was traveling due west. SAX FKANCISCO, April 2, (Asso ciated Press Cable) pavfd Williams, a messboy aboard the Ventura, was ar rested here today and Is charged with having stolen a mail pouch during the last voyage of that vessel. It is stated that young Williams, an Australian, ob tained $4(H)0 in drafts and money orders but was unable to secure any rash for the reason that he could Dot couvert the paper iuto money. , . i . . , , ..... RESERVE BANK DISTRICT COVERS LARGE TERRITORY WASHINGTON, April a.-(AssoA-ist ed Press by Federal Wireless) Huu Francisco, which was recently doelg nated as one of the points for the es tablishment of a regional reserve bank, has been placed in district twelve which will comprise California, Wash ington, Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, Utah and a large part of Arlsoua. are 514 national banks In the nnd the capital of tbe Han Francisco reserve bank will be $8,113,521. cal property of each public utility -do. lug business in the Territory. I con sider this retpiiroaieut of the utmost importance, in fart, the very starting point In the K'neral supervision over our public utilities. It will 1 fnn.l that such valuation, apart from carry ing the idea of publicity to iu logical the - ultima thule of legislation, will form tha working basis for. t .' , . "1. Negotiations for ' purchase by the municipality ;, "2. Kate regulationsf ' , - ' "3. Taxation; and i "4. Regulations of stock and bond issues. ; "Public utility corjiorations are en titled to a reasonable return or divid end on their investment in the capital stock of the company, The rate of re turn, if the proiwrty will earn It, should not be less than the legal rate of in terest. Court decisions . la rate rases have universally bebl that every plant is entitled to earn an amount suflioieut t i'y:- ' ' '' "t". ' , ., "1. Operating Expenses) ' "2. Kxpenses of Msintensnre ant liuuning Hoair; k .' . . , "S. Taxas; ", '": ; ' '.' ' - - ' . "4. A Hiuking Fund' to cover Do prenistion and Obsolescence; and "5. A reasonable profit on the lair , valjie of the property.. "This ruling brings tbe question, therefore, of detenuinins the fair value There of the property' squarely .before' the district I public as well as the owners, in order that proper rates may ba determined. (Continued on Page Three) . ,