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The Hawaiian gazette. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, May 18, 1917, Image 1

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V . v. "A U Dca't Ynit Fcr Conscription! " Vcluatccr Now! (
i: y
Cents Dollar
-Miiy 17, 1917 Last t wen IV
foir hours' rainfall, .01.
Temperature, Win. 70;, Mat.
80. Weather, clear. .
V, '
08 Centrifugal N, T. par lb. per ton
Me, Hawaiian bad. 6.02 9120.40
Las pravlou quota
tlon. .............. . ,". . , 1123 9122.40
V VOL, X, NO, 40
' illii.. (
Measure, One of the Most Im
portant Ever Passed By Con
; gress Probably Will Receive
., . Wilson's Signature Today
Army To Be Raised In Units of
Half Million .' Men Each , and
i President May Send Roosevelt
" To France With a ; Division
. , (AsseUU4 Press By V. S. Maval Comma
; nicatloa Imrm) ," .
; army bill will probably be
' signed by President Wilson today.
' This measure, one of the most
1-important ever : acted upon by
y any congress of the v United
V States, has been before the pres
ent ; 'congress -for- almost six
weeks having been introduced
.'convened on AKi il 6, anJ i.s been
V the occasion cf many titter f!;hts
Y..' over some of Its previsions af
: though, there has been, except on
the part of a few determined pa
cificists, peace-at any pricers
r and pro-Germans, no opposition
! to the general mtent of the bill,
.which was to raise a great army
'of millions of men, to defend the
country against German aggres
. sion and aid in the great , work
of suppressing the Kaiser's mad
determination to inflict German
kultur upon all the world.-
'. ; Benat faTora Report '. '
' Tbtr enat adopted the eonf ereaee
. . report on the army, bill yeaterday; the
- ; Jiouse having takes aimilar actioa the
.' '' day before, and the bill wat immediate-
!y aent to th Preeident. .
The moat important feature of the
bill it that which provide for the rai-
. itig of a great army by aeleetlve draft
rather than by the volunteer ayatem.
. It waa over thi phaae of the matter
'. that th hotteat fight waa waged,' both
' in the house atad the aenate. The aen
ate, however, early determined upon th
- ' aeleetlv draft, which waa urged by the
' general ataff of the army, aa being the
1 only workable ayatem. . la the house
1 thi waa. bitterly opposed and the ad
voeate of the old volunteer ayatem
fought hard to defeat It. Ia the end
' ' they lost, the houae conferee Anally
' agreeing to the aenate 'a view of the
matter and the houae backing them up.
, No Draft Until rail
. ' ., According to the bill the army will
.' be raised in unit of half a million men
,' : each. Secretary of War Baker atated
" veaterday that, in order to enable the
' harveating of th erope throughout the
' eountry, it wa not probable that the
ilrat half , million would be called out
h until Heptember. ' . .
The bill authorise th Preaident,
1 without, however, directing him, to al
. low i'ormer I'rexident Theodore- Sooae
, velt to raUe a division of volunteer!,
eonaiating of approximately 2,000 men,
'.and take them to France,-there to be
. launched againat, . th force of Oct
many. Thi provision of th blH waa
- aUo the cauae of a hot fight. 'It wa
incorporated in the bill by the aenate
. but atricken out by the bouae. The
: aenate inaiated upon it, and when the
bill went to eonferenee, th aenate won.
' - Another important thing th army
' blll'doe ia greatly to Increaae the pay
' ' of euliatrd men in all branehe of th
aervice. Men now receiving lea than
t'il a month "will, under the term of
the bill, receive 3(1, and the increaae
'.' ' are graduated acording to present rate
of pay, men now receiving $4S or more
. a month being increaaed to 51. - '
Draft NaUonal Ghiard. f
.- .'. The maximum war strength of the
regular army la Increased to (13,000.
The bill alao provide for drafting th
national guard - into th federal er
,; ' vice, '- ' ". i. " '
Jt l; provided that th President
' . shall proclaim a registration day upoa
(Continued on ?ag 3)
I II' I It I i
i.u u - ii. in ..uu
amaaaaaMMar f
; ' ' "'- . i
One Hundred and Twenty-five
Lives Claimed By the Icy Wa
tery of Bristol Bay After Stand
ard With 156 Persons On
Board Foundered Last Monday
(AssosUts PrtM By TJ. I. ml OoaMia
aieatlon Bervios)
; 8 AN FRANCIflOO, May 18 On
hundred 'and twenty-seven live were
claimed by th iey watera of Bristol
Bay, according to new that reached
here by radio lent night, when the ship
standard; with a total of ISA persona
aboard, waa wrecked last Monday, May
14, oa Cape Constantine. , '
. The Hlandurd, commanded by Cap
tain ' Christiansen, sailed from Has
PranclHeo April 9 tor a port on Brlatol
Bay. The vessel, which waa of MM
tons, waa carrying, in Idditioa to her
crew, considerably more than a bus
dred lubrfrer for the Alaska canneries
and mines.' '- '
No detail of the tragedy", which Is
one of the greatest ia the annals of
Pacific -Coast shipping, have been re
reived here as yet, but as it is early
in the season, it is believed that the
ahip was eanght-in one ef the fierce
storms that at this season of the year
sweep Bering Hea and it offshoot,
Bristol Bay, and wa thrown upon th
black rocks of Cape Constantine.
. It 1 known that twenty-nine of the
rrew and passengers 'were saved' and
that 127 were swept to death, but that
ta all that hae been learned thus far. .
; : m;m plan
Also Rosses Opposition In
Factions In ' Ireland ;
Asaodatsd frea By ft.. U: Vavai' Ooama
. - v aloaUoa 'Bsrvles)' '.' .'' '
' DUBLIN, Ireland (via London), May
18--Premie Lloyd George ' gugge
tions, which he hoped would reault in a
permanent aettlement of the Iriah ques
tion, appear to be pleasing to none of
th variou f actiona concerned. Sub
mitted first to John Redmond, Irish Na
tionalist leader, ia parliament, it was
summarily rejected 'by him, Bedmond,
however, agreeing to the premier' al
ternative proposition that a convention
of . representative- Irishmen of all fac
tions bo held to endeavor to find some
ground of agreement. : '
Not only .the Nationalist, but th
Unionists a well, have rejected th pre
mier 'a plan for a , settlement of the
question. The Nationalists condemn it
unsparingly, declaring that they regard
the . proposal as retrogression, rather
than progress. They cordially welcome,
however, the plan for a convention.
The Unionist may not join in this. -
.Premier Lloyd Oeorge ' ' suggestion
wa for complete home rule in Ireland,
the six Uleter counties, however, not to
be included. ; '. ' : '
v..,. . , f
(AsaeeUU4' frss By V. B. aal Ooaaia
alcattoa Bsrvtes) '
NEW YORK, May 17 Th ateamer
Hiloniaa haa been sunk by a subma
rine off Genoa, Italy, with the loss of
four of the crew, according to cabled
advices today. No details arc given.
- - f '. ' ,-
(AssoelatsA Freat By V. B. Maval Osama
' , aicstloa Bsrvle) .
SAN FRANCISCO,: May 18 Mayor
James Rolph Jr. of this city haa per
sonally subscribed for 950,000 worth of
the "Liberty Loan" bonds, it was an
nounced . yesterday. Mayor Bolph i
several times a millionaire.
By Th AssoclaUd Press) ;
. LONlON, May 18 Timber stock tn
England are to be aftbject to a monthly
census beginning nxt month. All mer
chant and large consumers must send
the government a monthly return of
stock on hand. ' ' . .
(Br Tn Associated Press.)
MELBOURNE, May 18 Th price,
of milk in Australia ha been fixed by
law at 9 eenta a quart at th dairy, or
11 cent If dolivered. '
GENERAL BRUSSILOFF, one of the. greatest of ill the Ruaaian general and hero of the great
Slay drive into Galicia last year, who haa now announce & hi firm allegiance to the cause of
democracy in Rusaia and who will Hid in' carrying on tie war until victory comet to the' Entente
Emma Goldman, Anarchist Is Re
' cruiting Men For "Coscien-: '
tions Objectors' Army"
.. : . .... . 'i1 v. '
(AsseeUUd Prsas By O. I. Maval Comma
. alc&tloa Strvlo)
NEW YORK, May 18 Emma Gold
man and . Alexander Berkman, leader
of the anarchists of the Uniiod Htates,
last night announced the organization
of a "No Conscription Jague.M The
league will be formally launched to
night at a mass meeting to be held ori
the East Bide. -' Active anarchist work:
era are aiding th Ooldman woman in
her opposition to the- polit of the
government, and are already recruiting
men 1 for what they' term. "The Con
acientiou Objector Armjr.."(l,
(AssocUtsa Press By V. B, Maval Osama
. alcsUoa Bsrvtcs) . i '-.
COLUMBUc), Ohio, May 18 Charlea
Scott Woodrow, unele of President Wil
aon died here at bia blme last flight.
He f aa aijty-seven year old;
' IBy Th Atsoatstea Frsss ' '
BIRMINGHAM, England, May 18
Th 4300 special constables now on
duty in Birmingham to replace police
men who bav joiueil the army Include
sixty clergymen. These clergymen are
all assigned to regular "beats," serv
ing in moat cases for three periods of
five hours, each weekly.. Beveral of
them bv done satisfactory duty in the
trafllc squad. ' . ' v . ' ' '
. ' ;
(Asseeiaua Prass By XI. a. Msval Osaiun-
v . .: nioatloa Ssrvicsl , ' - i
YORK, May 17 New
reached, her that the British steamer
Ilarpagna has been suuk by a torjwdo.
No details are known. ...
(Asseslsts rM By V. B. Maval Comma-
Blaatlsa Barvtes) '
, l)NDON, May IT A Xlermaa tor
pedo boat, has been sunk by either
mine or a torpedo off th Dutch coast.
o cor scr
Drastic ? Ifl?f e
Oa Big Incomes
Proposed By Sdlons
(AsaseUtst Pras By O. . Maval Ooaiaia
'f aicaUoar tsrvtes) .
WAHHINqTON May 1-Th houae ,
of representatives, ta committee, of the
whole, jeaterday included further dras
tic Increases in the surtaxes on swollen
incomes.' , Nor, did it hit big income
only, An effort to Increase the income
tax exemption of -married men from
$2000 to 3000 and of single men from
tlOOO to (2000 was aummarily voted
dowa. -1 ' ,
. Under the agreement reached by the
committee all taxe ' on income be
tween $40,000 and 1,000,000 a year are
to be increaaed to twenty-fiv per cent.
Peraona with income that exeeed in
amount million dollar must turn over
forty-five per cent of. the amount to
the government. - ' ".. ' '
When the effort, waa made to raise
the exemption of married men to (3000
and of single men to (2000, Representa
tive Nicholas Long worth cited in oppo
sition th fact that In England the
present exemption Is 'only $650. .
- Representative Kitchin chairman of
the ways and mean committee, startled
th bouse by aanoaacing that th treas
ury department, had notified him that
it would be necessary to raise by the
war revenue bill $2,245,000,000 instead
of the $1,800,000,000 originally esti
mated. Vv. : i, , : .
Chancellor Says Time vNot Ripe
; For Peace Terms ;
(AssocUt4 Press By V, B. Maval Ooauna
.v v ntoatlon Bsrvuc). j '.
AMSTERDAM, May 18 The Ger
man reicbatag adjourned yesterday uiv
til July 5. During lt sitting it passed
the fifth loan bill, calling for 500,000,
000 marks, ' Recently it waa announced
that Chancellor von Bethmann-Holl-weg
would deliver aa addreaa before the
reichatag in which he would outline
definitely the terms upon which Ger
many would make peace, but following
the rapid auceaaion of victories of Gen
eral Haig over General von Hindenbetg
he declined to make such atatemeut, de
claring that th time wa not ripe for
it.', .:. . -;
Welcomed Warmly By Great
Demonstration In South- :
. V:.-V '' : :ern City . '
(Asaodats Prsss By V. S. Maval Comae-
,. - Biestloa Bsrvics)
' CHARLESTON, South Carolina, May
18 Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood, e ach
ed here yesterday and was welcomed
by one bf the largest procession eer
seea ia this old southern city. It waa
one , of. the greatest demonstration
both in point of number in line aad ia
the wild, enthusiasm , shown by th
crowd on the street and the marching
mea, many of whom wore ' th Con
federate gray Of the Civil. War day.
General ' Wood today will formally a
sume command of the Southwestern de
partment. : ' ,, ' '; : '''
.. ; -y- . ; ' ... :',
(AitooUUd Press By Q. B. Maval Ooaiaia
' BlcaUoa Bei tits) -
WASHINGTON. May 18 Mexican
official here have advised th atat de
partment that President Carrauea ha
jamntjnsci) tn.xpoaiitttre or twenty.
live railluju pesos during May and June.
highteen million of thi sum 1 to b
spent upon the army, under the direc
tion of the war department, . v .
' - i ' - ... ,.
(Asaeciatad Prsas By V. B. Msval Ooainia-
''" Uc&Uon Barrlea) '
' LINCOLN, IllinoU, Maf 18 Rev. F.
A. Heagla, of Chattanooga, Teoneaaee,
Waa elected yesterday moderator of the
Cumberlaad Presbyteriaa assembly.
(By The AsaeoUted Prsas)
.LONDON, May 10 The eall for
fremlum bonds, as an attractive md
um for. gathering in' fund for atate
purposes, is becoming more insistent
and haa now received th official sane
tioa of the London Chamber of Com
merce. At a special meeting, thi in
stitution by a very large majority of
it member voted in favor of premium
bond and recommended it committee
to offer their cooperation with th
house of commons committee which is
now considering th question.
Brussiloff Withdraws Resignation
' and Will Aid In Fighting
:,v:Xr''W.ar To End;.. .
Nation Stands Today Firm, In
Determination KeeP,
: Pledges To Her Allies V j,
(AsseciaU4 Praaa By V. B, Maval Ooaiaia-
j BtaaUsn Bsrvtea) .; '
rETROr.RAD, May 18 The
storm thai for a time threatened
to sweep iway in a whirlwind of
anarchy, Rusia' new' (lernicratic
governmont has passed over, and
Russia stands today . firmly de
termined not only ' to maintain
her pledtfe to the other . Entente
allies ml to make ; a separate
peace wi h Germany but more
yigorousl r resolved than before to
push the war against Prussian
lsrrTto a victorios conclusion.
The . rmy , crisis.1.' that was
threatened by the resignations of
General jBrnssiloff,. hero of the
great Russian drive pn the east
en! front aeveral months ago, and
Cleneril Gourke,' his chief of ?taW,
ha $ ;Keo 'A verteck t th' resuli
of an iitlportant, meeting of the
commauders oil all the battle
fronts, -except the commander of
the . Caucasian front, Brussiloff
and Grurke withdrew their resig
nations statement was issued
by the.gen'eralfi!that misinttrpre
tation pf the : real sentiments bf
the people iti regard to the con
duct oC the war had resulted, in
a loss of discipline.; . But explana
tion of popular, sentiment' had
clearedthe atmosphere and re
stored conditions tQ what they
were before.-'' '
. The generals made the encour
aging statement that , they be
lieved toe army would now stand
united and that.it would be pos
sible to conduct future military
affairs energetically. '
Another encouraging feature of
the general situation is the set
tlement of the cabinet crisis. It
was feared that the resignation
of Paul MilyukorT, minister of
foreign affairs; would result in a
complete overthrow of the gov
ernment and th practical elim
ination of Russia as ah active fac
tor in the great' war. ' . But this
crisis, tobj ha3 been -averted by
the decision - to take into the
cabinet five representatives of the
different r Socialist, groups. One
group is' already represented by
A. F. Karensky, the new minister
of war, so that in all six Socialist
factions will have representation
in the cabinet. It is believed that
this will pacify all malcontents
and restore harmony. .
The declaration of the govern
ment's policy has been accepted
by the council and will be signed
at once. This declaration says
that the government aims at the
attainment of general peace with
out conquest, and consents to the
democratization of the army, : It
is the desire 'of the government,
however, the declaration adds, to
strengthen the ( fighting forces
and make , the armies of Russia
able to do (their part in conquer
ing the general foe. ' V
, ' :
(AtsoeUi$)4 fNM By V. t. Xtval Oobmm
DALLAS, Texas, May 18 Dr. J. Wil
bur Chapman, well known evangelist
and repreentatlv-at-large . of the
Evangelistic Committee of Presbyter
ianiam, wa elected yesterday modera
tor of the Presbyterian general assem
bly. Hi horn U in Jamaica, New
York. . -.;.-.'.: ' ; ..:
Germans Unable To Hold Back
Halg's Men- On the Western
. Front Are Forced To Abandon
Pivotal ' Town of Bullecourt
Austrians Admit - the Loss of
Duino An Important Point Less
Than Twelve Miles From Their
Greatest Seaport City, Trieste
(Asaoetatad Praaa By V.' B. Maval Comma
aleallsa Service) '
NEW YORK, May 18 Field .
:'. Marshal ; Haig '. yesterday
gained still another step in his
fight to shatter the Hindcnburg
line, when the troops under his
command", definitely ' drove ) the
Germans out of the ruined town .
of Eullccourt ' and consolidated ,
ex positions toiha ract cf t: .
town. Now they threaten thj
southe end'of the famous Wotan
line. - . . -: - - . :
; Not even the desperate fight ,
ing for Verdun in the early days .
of that -historic battle saw any
more bloody work than this littla
village a mere name on the map
three weeks ago and now one of
the great battle, fields of future
history. V'
Time after time it has changes ,
hands as the tide of the battle
swung back and forth as the Ger
mans gave ground to "the British
thrusts, or counted with some of
their, qldtime furious valor that
counted nothing the cost in men
if the positions were gained. Bul
lecourt, lying as it does in the
center of the Wotan line is one
of the vital links in the Teutonic
chain thereabouts and with it in
the British hands the chain is cut
in the middle s and threatens to .
break completely. ' VJ
Some idea of the importance the Ger- .
man general . staff attached to Bulle
court -can be gathered from th enor-
moua numbers of reinforcementa which .,
hav ten poured into the line in a
vain effort to hold it and drive back,
th British. .With the first capture of -the
position by Haig the - German
counter attacked fiercely only to he '
driven back with tremendous Ion.
Again they . attacked, this time: with:
frestf diviaions and again they wera
thrown back But the third concerted
thrust won them Borne ground and it
waa tha turn of the Britiah to counter
attack and they alxo lost heavily, but .
managed to wrest the captured ground
from the Teutons. So went tho battle
back and forth until yetiterday, yhen
the a toady advance of the lunt few
day ended for the time being and tlin
Kutente troops iu control of tha wholo : -line
to tho east of the village..
North of Bullecourt at Roenx, on
the Scarpo river the British aba. won
advaacea of 'morn than minor im
portauc yesterday. That town ia lu
their hand safely now. after fighting'
of unequalled . vifioUHiiettH. The fight-j
ing Wednesday night bad forced tha ';:
German to surrender, positions that
commanded a rt of their own line .
and yesterdav the; rest of tha line in '
that vicinity fell. ,
Northoaat of Solsaoiia yesterday the
German attemte to break the
French tinea, ' bat s, '. failwl, i tho
French barrage fire breaking up their
advancing columns, which cut off from '"
their aupporta by the Gallic drum fire,
were promptly attacked' by French,
cavalry which indicted euorutuus Iohsos. '
Berlin ottirially claims that the Ger
aiaua have more than htdd their own on
the western front, and declared that an
far thi month thay have taken 2:KH
British and 8700 French prisoners. Thi
sop ia thrown to the Gremaq people and
is followed by the admisaiou that tha '
(Continued on Fag

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