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h v V V V... . 4 v-V V-A v-V Doa't Wait Fcr Ccnscription! Vcntcer Now! - A V X. vA VA VA v-a vV 4 V , , , i : .. . v.r.u: i i r. a vi i !:; ;i BUKF.AtY LATEST CABLED SUGAR QUOTATIONS '. "'. Cnts Dollar 5 1 1 JV I 1 ' II I V '."X I y,ay 21, I 1 1 7 - I .nt twenty- ( 06 Centrifugal K. Y. per lb. pr ton Price, Hawaiian basis 6.05 $119.00 Ijurt previous quote. , . tlon... ..,.... 6.02 $120.40 finr homi' riiinfiill, .00. '1 nnpcrst in , Miii. 7.'l; Max. ! M. Weather, pt. cloudy. vol x, no. 4i HONOLULU,. HAWAII TERRITORY, TUKSDAY; MAY ' 22, 1917. SEMI-WEEKLY.' WHOLE NUMBER.: 46.'6 -, - - f- b.iLi ...... J-iiLLf nun CLuS U,ll ni'i nrnm liiij Ulliibl Germans Sacrificing Thousands In Desperate Effort To Hold Back ' the ; British 'Advance, Which Rolls Persistently Along LONDON EXPECTS TO : V ; V V HEAR OF VICTORY News From Haig Indicates Early Approach of Another Wide Re vtirement of Teutons, Who Can ' not Hold and Cannot Regain (Associstod frtus Br XT. 8. Xsval Comma Bieatioa fxrrle) N EW YORK, May 22 As the Hindehburg line faded into nothingness1 before - the artillery pounding, and the infantry rushes of the British on the Vimy ridge before Arraa, td (he Wotan line, the last defense of Douai, is also crumbling and another general re tit eini-ut oi tiic Germans Is'con fidently expected in both London and Paris. Already, the British have gained possession of the Ger man trench System, on the south ern end of this line northeast of Bullecourt. and are rolling it up, despite the desperate counter at tacks of the men under the Crown Prince Rupprecht. Further to the north, between Fresnoy and Mericourt, the Can adians are advancing against the most stubborn German opposi tion, and the northern' end of the Teuton's emergency line is also in danger of falling into British hands, v .' J' "r:: '. . DESPERATE COUNTERS ; FAIL 'ly': The drive of the British north of Bullecourt on "Sunday night netted them a supporting trench in the main German system, and from this vantage ground, which was hastily organized, the British yesterday morning drove the Teu tons from , their ' front trenches, which proved to be further impos sible to hold. ' The Berlin des patches i of -. yesterday ', afternoon stated that this trench was aban doned in pursuance of prearranged plans; - '. Before their retreat, the Ger. mans made' desperate efforts to retrieve the defeat of the night before, great waves of attackers being thrown against the British. In no instance did any portion of the German force reach the en trenched Tommies, 4 the gray .masses being mowed down by the machine guns, or blasted into helpless confusion and death by the British field pieces, brought up to the support of their inf an try. - Paris reports further gains in the Champagne sector, near Mo ronvillers, where a series of at tacks gained half a-mile of trenches. As customary, the Germans brought fresh troops to the scene of the fighting and these were thrown forward in a counter. The French held their new ground, throwing the Ger mans back with severe losses. 1 li UMf'lOLOF I : CO L IIIDUSM! Federal Trade Commission Says Producers and Brokers Are , ' - .. Too Exorbitant (AuHlaUl friH Bf O. S. Htl Commu aleatloa Scnrlc) ; WASHINUTON, ' May 22 A vru posal tlmt the govrrninrut iwniinio n trol of tli coul InduKtry of th t'uitp'l StaU-s, ?Yku to til xtnjk' of fixing prif, woa mail bv th f.ilrul tra.ln rommiaHiou jvaterday in a report to counresa. v. i '' - Th romniiiaon iu Its rijKrt inakpg tbe charge that iiolui-ra aiiV broki.rj are xai-ting exorbitant- clirK'1 for roal, and d.vlarpn that the great aliort tLgf of the fuel Is duo to lark of traua portatina fai-ilities. ' . ". Tbe Nation it la il-lareil here, U tm 'ng 'a oerioas i-oal famine that threatena to tie up imltiatrr aul have far rear hi n k efferta. The ton famiue, it la ronreili'd, la not line to any short ape of eoal but entirely to other cauKen, rhiedy to lack of tranHiiortntion.- The federal trade roiiiniiion '.ieelnres that I antlirarite eoal baa been and ia Iwing mined in quantitiea 'aufllc-ient to war rant norii.nl price. ; ' ', , ' . ". , But Pricaa 8UU Klaa . ' ' , . NotwithitauiliB tliia, however, coiil privea have beeu rlning ateadily for week at an alarming rate, and unlet. aonnthin ia done to remedy the situa tion, the country will , fate a' coal faunae that will lie more eerioua over a period of montha thau laitt year 'a short age, whirh lasted but a few days. . 1 he federal tradu eommumiou haa Veen making a thoroul. iuveatixatinn to uet ermine.j- if poaaible, where the fault lie" and to remedy it if it rau be remedied. It haa eoiue to the on- eluaiou that there ia a aorioua lack of transportation facililiea, but, alo, that the high prices are to a considerable extent due to manipulation, to the fact that producers and dealers are charging- more for their 'product "than the aituation warrant. ; i , , Say Lalmr Ia Fhorf - 4"t v'l'h ' tivvel matiun TiVougliV-MMtt Mr' tateineiit by foine'of tin. coal men that there ia a erivua shortage of labor as welt as of car in '-which to haul away the roaL It is stated, that ia some (States, such as Indiana and Illinois, the minora have -lout from flftoeu to twenty per cent of their ail nets to other lo dustrios. Ohio and KuHtern Kentui ky are said to have lot from twenty-live to thirty, per centwhile Pennsylvania and Wont Virginia, id the bituminous mines, have lost as high as thirty and thirty-five per ceut. , , ' Mine owners express the fear that if the miners join ti army, the loss of labor will be even more serious. It has been suggeated by the operator! that mea from , tbe coal camps who waut to enlist be allowed to do ao', but that they return with full , military status to the eoal mines to do.thoir duty there. , , . . . : . ..... ... '. - OVER SPY MEASURE (Aasooistsd Frsss By U. S. Ksval' Commn i ' aleaUoa Bsrvtes) " . AVA8IIINGTOX, May S2 The Espi onage Bill la still tied up n coufereuce, the conferees of senate and house hav ing been unable to come to anv agree ment over the differences of the two ibodios. The members of the conference committee argued over tbe bill nil day J yesterday,' but fruitlesaly, and there is .no Indication aa to when, if at at . agreement will he reaj-hArl m ,'.;., -;' STEALER COLONIAN 'HOPELESSLY WRECKED BQBTOV, j May M The British steamship Colonlan, of the Leylaud line, was wrecked yesterday ou the southern coast of England, according to cable ad vice received her last night. The ve ol is probably a total loss. The Colonlan- and her cargo were ' valued at $2,01)0,000. The Coloniau was of 4241 ton register - ,-. -', . ; ', Eoiio"pl.'. (AssoeUtsa ttn$ By V. S. Ksval Comma- ).'. - Aloattoa Ssrvies) ." , ' , BERLIN, May SI The Germans on the Arras front yesterday maintained thuir positions, except for cue demol ished trench, . This was evacuated, ac cording to plan, during a British attack Huuday, along an eighth and a hulf-mile f rout. -'.,'.'.. i , . ''.- i The Kreucb have obtaiue.1 a foothold ou Mout Carnillvt and Mont Kivl. EXCISE TAX Oil SUGAR BEfiTEU DY SQTTOtl LIEU . ' ;;. y "ir-Xl : Fight : Against Internal Revenue On Raw Product of the South , Is" Won, and . Door Is Closed Against Same Attempts Against Sugar. V-" ; AiiocUt.d frM By tf. S. Karal Comma- Wt-stloa Same) , ' - ' WAblllNtfTOiV, May 22 The sugar Industry of fa eouiitry, it Is declared, ts jubilant' eer . the success of . the soutfiein wentjer of the house in kill ing the proved' tat of S2.50 a bale on cotton. The.ijupositiou of that tax, the sugur'inen' feared,, would have' meant that the- door kwaa left open for an amendment itn'posing au internal reve nue tax ou sugar. It is believed that the killing of the proposal to tax cotton will head .off any attempt to levy a tax on sugar;- , 'L-.'.- ,1 ,' ' . . The llnal vote in the house on the great war ta, whii-h in intended ta pro' tluce-inore than two billion dnllnr et revenue towards' carrying on the War, will bn taken truight, according to the determination '.cf.the boue leaders as announced bint night, COHHEIIDAUEIIS" Attorney General Gratified That the Number of Arrests Have , K Been So Few To Date ' WASHINGTON, May 22 Deilarii that foreign born citizens now in ts,e Uuited .Hlte"have conducted them selves in the main in such manner a to "deserve '.the highest commendation and praise,'' Attorney General Greg ory declares the number of arrests of alien had been "gratify inyly small." At the. same time lis renewed his ad monition that foreign, born oitizens con tinue to, exercise . "scrupulous 'oar aad restraint ia their daily activities" and know that "the vigilance of the government .agent has not been , re laxed, aue whit." . '. , '" ' : Attorney ; General Gregory ' crtavtm ment 'follows) " ' , , .i Hlfheat PralM Du .. ' ' ; . ' '; : '.' "The foreign born citizens of Amer-! iia as a class deserve the highest com .Herniation audi praise for the manner iu wbic 'they have conducted them i(Sijr'IHl sine 'the declaration of war against Germany. A regards law and order they have iu almost all instance stood with the government and have vindicated the president's eft repeat ed assertion that he had no misgivings as, to bow foreign : born American would measure up to their responsibil ities and duties in the eveut of a ua tional crisis. , ,' - "The number of arrests which the government has been forced to make has Wn gratifyingly small." Agents of the Department of Justice Ijave ar rested only 15 alien enemies under the President's proclamation. . About, one half, of these are being, held because It Ws decided that they , would be dangerous to the government if per mitted to remain at large. , -' . " : , "The remainder of the alius enemies arrested since the declaration of war wer taken into custody on charge of espionage or attempt to foment di loyalty or disorders. " . i , . , "In Issuing this itatemcut' the de partment renew it admonition that our foreign citisen and alien resident exercise scrupulous care and restraint in their daily ' activities, assured that the vigilance of the government agent hat uot been relaxed ou whit.'J- FOR GOOD CO DUCT BATTLE Flags pying side by side in the two Anglo-Saxoo capitals Upper photograph: Union Jack and ' Stars and Stripes displayed outside the Mansiori House, London, the offi cial residence of the Lord Mayor of London.' Lower photograph; Banners of America. Great , Britain and " France flying over , the state, Army and Navy Building" re r L Make'. Use of Every ' Means . To . .' belay Breaking Off of Pip- - i yi ,'; lomatic Relations . I r ' (Br Ta AsseeUUd Prsss) ', PEKING, May S2 Although' China tent its note of protest against the Ger man submarine campaign en- February 0, the German: legation ia Peking did not aubmlt a reply to the Chinese for eign effice until after the lower house of parliament had -voted to sever diplo matic v relation -and the . aenate . wa about to vote on the tame question, t The German minister -is supposed to have received a prompt reply from his home government, but , is Relieved to have' belli' It from the Chinese in the hope of dolaying action. on the part of the Chinese government. Germany ' re ply, was a courteous denial of Cuius' request for a modification, of the sub marine campaign, and sought to estab lish negotiations between the two coun tries on the question. . -Germans in China realized a break between their country aad China, was inevitable, aud resorted to every possi ble mean or forcing delay. ' Toe pres entation of tbe note just before- the sen ate voted on the severance of relation had but little effect on the senate. Offi cial copies of the note were placed in the hand of each, seuator by German agents, but did not prevent the senate from following, tbe house in it over whelming endorsement Of the cabinet' decision to sever diplomatic relation. -y Together with the pnsnports which Dr. VVu Ting-fang, the , Minister of Foreign Affair, ent to the German minister for the legation' staff, was a note explaining China' reaaon for breaking off relation with Germany. A translation of the note follows: "With reference to the near sub marine policy of Germany, the govern ment of the Bepublie of China, dictated by the desire to further. the causa the world' peace and to maintain the' anotity of internaHonal luW, addreased a protest to Your Excellency on Febru ary 9th and declared that la case, con trary to it expectations, it protest be ineffectual, it would be constrained tc ever the diplomatic relation at pres ent existing between the two countries. "During the lapse of a month no heed ha been paid to the protest of the government of tbe republic in the ac tivities of the German ubinnrine, ac tivities which have caused the los of TEUOiJS 11 CIIIHA mm ISTVAR at Washington. nrn A PADTAIH 111 OFF TO JUTE flL Will Serve a Year But Is Lucky At That British Could . - J Have Executed Him , ? ' ' -;'; ,'rT v '1) 1 f , " ' in.t. n beiv c-) .' "' ' ' -N K V YUUK, .y Ottpt. Franx Von kiuteleu, ol toy (Jermsn navy, re puted friend of the Kuieer.un't the pi.y master, i'or ' a series ot- plots ; in the Vuited Status for the ''prevention ' of the ii.Hiiufuiture of muiiitiqus' intended Cof. the Allies; -'-David . La mar, .''the Wolf of Wall Street," imprisoned a year ago for. impersonating a congress man. aud attempting to blackmail cer tain Wall Btreet operators, and Usury K. Martin, who approached , congress men under the guise of a lalior leader, attempting to secure legislation ugainst the exportation of supplies for the Allies, who had all 1eeu found guilty of a violation of the Hhermau . Anti trust Law, wer yesterday senteured to jail by Judge K. K. (Uishman. - Kach of the Germau plotters was senteueed to serve one, "year at hard labor. in the federal peuitentiarv. , Much, of the evideue used . against these plotters was furnished the I, cited Mates by tbe British authorities, who had arrested von Rintelen while be was attempting to' return to Germany from the I'niteil States. The British censor had intercepted a number of bis letters aud be wa being watched for by the secret service men. When caught he was traveling under a fraudulent pass port. . Ha was held a prisoner in Great Britain for some months, Anally being returned to the ITnlted -Wtates for trial. .', i i , I, .' KILLED WO USES (Asseoiatsa Prsst By O. S. Naval Comma- , nleaUsa Ssrvies) ' ' , . NEW YORK, May 21 With her flag half -masted mute sign of mourning an American ateamer returned to port this morning with a remarkable story or the accidental killing of two Amer ican nurses while eu route to Europe, .The nurses, Edith Ayres aad Helen Burnett Woods, were members of the Chieago ambulance unit which was en route to t ranee. They were hilled Ys terday aboard the steamer when piece of a shell fired by the naval gun crew in practise ricocuetted from the water and scattered auieng a group of uurse aud surgeon standing ou the deck. A third nurse was seriously wounded. The eflieer explained that when the shell struck the water ITS feet from the ship, centrifugal foree caused bits to fly back. The accident occurred, a day out, the vessol having sailed (Saturday. - many Chinese. lives. On March 10th, a reply was received from Your Excel lency. Although It state that the Im perial German government is willing to open negotiation to arrive at a plan for the protection of Chinese life and prop erty, yet it declare that it i diflioult for Germany to cancel her blockade policy. It Is therefore not In accord with the object of the protest and the government of the Chinese republic, to it deep- regret, consider it protest to be ineffectual.. The government of, the republic ia constrained to sever tbe diplomatic, relations at present existing with the imperial German govern ment," .''.'.':...' nil i utti. n li EY PR01ITI0 VMITEDFORtlAVY Secretary Daniels Urges Same Rule For One Service As Is Imposed On Other j . (AssclsU4 Prst By V. S. Maal Oomma aloattsa Barries) .. WHINGTOTf, May 22 Prohibi tion' by congress of the sals tf liquor to men of the Volted 8tate. naty is urged by tecretary Daniels in a letter from him, received yesterday by Hieak- er Chump Clark of the house of rcpre- entaUves. ' ' - ';-' .. ; '..The Army Bill, as passed by con gres last week and signed by Presi dent Wilson, contaloes a provision that ao liqu:r shall be sold (a or around mo- bihr.atinn enmps of: the army. See rrtary Daniels, who, .haa long been known as a temperance advocate and who several years ago issued an order barring liquors front all United ritatee shine of war, t.binka that what is good for the soldiers ia equally geod for the Navy, and he asks the speaker to have the prohibition of'liqnor extended to the Navy yards sections in the same way,.! it i applied to military camp and posts, R1 ED LIGHTS AND . ' BOOZE ARE TABU WAHHINOTON. May' 7 Decisive measure for the hygenio' and nflutal welfare of the nation's soldier and sailors have been Jeteriuia) upon by the council of national dcf nice as a strict war measure.; The council, guid ed ty the general taetlk-al board, has prepared to strike at the' presence of insidiona discuses and at alcoholism in all military commands. , v follows wectsiuiia were annvunoea today, a .4 1 "Wot tli at iiiiilnf nint, rnntrnt no effentive one shall be cront-'d about ull militsiy coajmsmls as tli most practicable and effective measnr 'to picvenr ir.sM.ouM 4i.,cnhii, r-i-.ofi,, Un.t lu.t. .nry znnvi. hiii.il scre as n im.ius of control of alcoholic bever to the troop. These deciH'uxi are rci.cued by the souncil after exhaustive study of conditions to-day among the great Kuro.ean armies , "Zones about the military commands will, therefore, be created, and condi tions in these zones will be guarded by military measures, so as to prevent the prd of. disease.. The two military arm of the government officially recog nise ' thut continence . i compatible with health. : . - "The councd also recommend, aa a further solution of the- problem, that all military commands be provided with good .facilities for the recreation of the troop. It urges that all suitable athletics be encouraged. ' Under Control Off Duty , "The use of alcoholic beverage on the part of soldier and sailor ia mili tary command haa . long been under military eontrol. ' But tbe creation now of these military none will in effect extend sueb eontrol over the troop wnen iney are on auty out of tbe com nianda." ' ; v . j. ' , ' ' V- . To face these' ueU facts In an un flinching and no half hearted fashion," said Dr. Franklin H. Martin, member of the advisory commission of the conn ell of national defence,, "makes for the fighting power of the nation. But our troops are inseparably a part of our eivil life, and a clean, wholesome, tem perate life among the troou will in the end make tor our ejvit advancement, compared to which the cpst of the war Is not lit ng. Tbe whole nation is indebt ed to the general medical board for it thorough going research, and for 'it definite recommendation iu the matter Of real uroteetion to our bova." - The general medical board, which unanimously approved the program of the council, include the surgeon gen eral of the army, navy and public neaitn, ana a large number of the eoua try' most noted medical men. V ' - IS T (AsMit4 rrss By V. I. Vsval Comma- atcstlon Ssrvlos) ','... WASHINGTON, May 21 plan of Chairman Balfour and other member of the British commission to visit Chicago and the Middle "Went have been aban doned at the request of the state de fartment, which desired them to lemsin n .Washington until the last possible moment before going to Canada, They leave soma time this week. " - . Tbe Italian commission headed by Prince I'dine, will arrive in Washing ton tomorrow. ..'. , ., : i -.''. "v.. BULGAR SAY THAT V BIG OFFENSIVE FAILED (AssoeUtsa frsss By'U. S. Msval Oomma- aleaUoa Ssrvlsa) ' ,',' ..',. SOFIA, Bulgaria, May 21After a Ions artillery preparation the enemy to day launched . several violent attack east of tiooropiye, but they broke down, Hortie which succeeded la ap proaching the line wore annihilated by hand grenade.: . OLflCKSWIPED OUT BY DLAZE Residential Section ;- Suffered Most and Many Thousands Are Homeless, Cared For By Red Cross In the Public Buildings DYNAMITERS DRIVEN ' . ';: 'BACK AND BEATEN, While Conflagration Was Appa rently Checked . At Midnight, Fears Were Expressed That , Fire Might Again Gain Control (Associated Trass By TJ. . S. Msvsl Comma i . aicatloa Ssrvtcs) 7V TLANTA, Georgia, May 22 Pifat tuKirri airtinff in V f ' em a a V "ivhj as vua niiai mv negro section, has already shorn a broad nath through the heart of a o the finest residential section of the ..-- i - - i.. cuy, was nun uuinin vij;uiui y last night, J though its fury l as been greatly checked. ' 1'cirs wr- crrr';';'''l late last ni '.(. ! o c v-r. tl.ai it would gam i.ew 1... .... before morning. Already the fire has co!,t at least one life, one woman having died of shock. The damage al ready done is estimated at not less than $3,000,000. " ' The fire first destroyed hun-. dreds of negro homes and then, leaping over into the white sec tion, 'burned many of the finest residences in the city. Late last night it had burned half way through the exclusive Pone de Leon Avenue section. , DROVE DYNAMITERS BACK At Boulevard Place the fire fighters made a desperate stand. It was here that the conflagration reached its climax. Resorting: to dynamite and blowing , up many houses to prevent the further spread of the flames, the firemen attempted to hold the conflagra tion. ; They were unsuccessful, however, for the fire, continuing to gain headway, forced them to, retreat Two blocks back they re newed the battle, which is still being waged with the result un certain, as it is feared that the fire will gain new headway and con tinue Its work of destruction. THOUSANDS HOMELESS, , In addition to the one death that is known to have been due to the fire, teany minor injuries have been reported, while thousands of persons, both rich and poor, have , been rendered homeless and are i i I. i ..... ' uciug nnciixica m puouc Duuaings under the care of the Red Cross. aV f a ; a cau tor neip, sent out to neighboring cities brought hun dreds of fire fighters, with their ; engines and other apparatus, and ' these are now. aiding the local fire department ;and. the citizens in the work of rOmhattinff thm flama. Thousands of volunteers are fight-. 1 -1 . j . i n . , ing aiungaiae ine nremen. a nign ; wind is blowing which makes the task the more r1enerate . UNIVERSITY FOR WAR . (By The Assocuwa rrss.t I.AHAM1K, Wyoming, May ' The use of the ITuivtrsity of Wyoming ha been tetidered to the war department at Washington by President C. A. Duul way for military use, .