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The Hawaiian gazette. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, May 22, 1917, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1917-05-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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06 Centrifugal K. Y. per lb. pr ton
Price, Hawaiian basis 6.05 $119.00
Ijurt previous quote. , .
tlon... ..,.... 6.02 $120.40
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'1 nnpcrst in , Miii. 7.'l; Max.
! M. Weather, pt. cloudy.
vol x, no. 4i
-, - - f-
b.iLi ...... J-iiLLf
ni'i nrnm
liiij Ulliibl
Germans Sacrificing Thousands
In Desperate Effort To Hold
Back ' the ; British 'Advance,
Which Rolls Persistently Along
News From Haig Indicates Early
Approach of Another Wide Re
vtirement of Teutons, Who Can
' not Hold and Cannot Regain
(Associstod frtus Br XT. 8. Xsval Comma
Bieatioa fxrrle)
N EW YORK, May 22 As the
Hindehburg line faded into
nothingness1 before - the artillery
pounding, and the infantry rushes
of the British on the Vimy ridge
before Arraa, td (he Wotan line,
the last defense of Douai, is also
crumbling and another general re
tit eini-ut oi tiic Germans Is'con
fidently expected in both London
and Paris. Already, the British
have gained possession of the Ger
man trench System, on the south
ern end of this line northeast of
Bullecourt. and are rolling it up,
despite the desperate counter at
tacks of the men under the Crown
Prince Rupprecht.
Further to the north, between
Fresnoy and Mericourt, the Can
adians are advancing against the
most stubborn German opposi
tion, and the northern' end of the
Teuton's emergency line is also
in danger of falling into British
hands, v .' J' "r:: '.
; FAIL 'ly':
The drive of the British north
of Bullecourt on "Sunday night
netted them a supporting trench
in the main German system, and
from this vantage ground, which
was hastily organized, the British
yesterday morning drove the Teu
tons from , their ' front trenches,
which proved to be further impos
sible to hold. ' The Berlin des
patches i of -. yesterday ', afternoon
stated that this trench was aban
doned in pursuance of prearranged
plans; - '.
Before their retreat, the Ger.
mans made' desperate efforts to
retrieve the defeat of the night
before, great waves of attackers
being thrown against the British.
In no instance did any portion of
the German force reach the en
trenched Tommies, 4 the gray
.masses being mowed down by
the machine guns, or blasted into
helpless confusion and death by
the British field pieces, brought
up to the support of their inf an
try. -
Paris reports further gains in
the Champagne sector, near Mo
ronvillers, where a series of at
tacks gained half a-mile of
trenches. As customary, the
Germans brought fresh troops to
the scene of the fighting and
these were thrown forward in a
counter. The French held their
new ground, throwing the Ger
mans back with severe losses.
Federal Trade Commission Says
Producers and Brokers Are
, ' - .. Too Exorbitant
(AuHlaUl friH Bf O. S. Htl Commu
aleatloa Scnrlc) ;
WASHINUTON, ' May 22 A vru
posal tlmt the govrrninrut iwniinio n
trol of tli coul InduKtry of th t'uitp'l
StaU-s, ?Yku to til xtnjk' of fixing
prif, woa mail bv th f.ilrul tra.ln
rommiaHiou jvaterday in a report to
counresa. v. i ''
- Th romniiiaon iu Its rijKrt inakpg
tbe charge that iiolui-ra aiiV broki.rj
are xai-ting exorbitant- clirK'1 for
roal, and d.vlarpn that the great aliort
tLgf of the fuel Is duo to lark of traua
portatina fai-ilities. ' . ".
Tbe Nation it la il-lareil here, U
tm 'ng 'a oerioas i-oal famine that
threatena to tie up imltiatrr aul have
far rear hi n k efferta. The ton famiue,
it la ronreili'd, la not line to any short
ape of eoal but entirely to other cauKen,
rhiedy to lack of tranHiiortntion.- The
federal trade roiiiniiion '.ieelnres that I
antlirarite eoal baa been and ia Iwing
mined in quantitiea 'aufllc-ient to war
rant norii.nl price. ; ' ', , ' . ". ,
But Pricaa 8UU Klaa . ' ' ,
. NotwithitauiliB tliia, however, coiil
privea have beeu rlning ateadily for
week at an alarming rate, and unlet.
aonnthin ia done to remedy the situa
tion, the country will , fate a' coal
faunae that will lie more eerioua over
a period of montha thau laitt year 'a
short age, whirh lasted but a few days.
. 1 he federal tradu eommumiou haa
Veen making a thoroul. iuveatixatinn
to uet ermine.j- if poaaible, where the
fault lie" and to remedy it if it rau
be remedied. It haa eoiue to the on-
eluaiou that there ia a aorioua lack of
transportation facililiea, but, alo, that
the high prices are to a considerable
extent due to manipulation, to the fact
that producers and dealers are charging-
more for their 'product "than the
aituation warrant. ; i , ,
Say Lalmr Ia Fhorf - 4"t
v'l'h ' tivvel matiun TiVougliV-MMtt Mr'
tateineiit by foine'of tin. coal men that
there ia a erivua shortage of labor as
welt as of car in '-which to haul away
the roaL It is stated, that ia some
(States, such as Indiana and Illinois, the
minora have -lout from flftoeu to twenty
per cent of their ail nets to other lo
dustrios. Ohio and KuHtern Kentui ky
are said to have lot from twenty-live
to thirty, per centwhile Pennsylvania
and Wont Virginia, id the bituminous
mines, have lost as high as thirty and
thirty-five per ceut. , , '
Mine owners express the fear that if
the miners join ti army, the loss of
labor will be even more serious. It
has been suggeated by the operator!
that mea from , tbe coal camps who
waut to enlist be allowed to do ao', but
that they return with full , military
status to the eoal mines to do.thoir
duty there. , , . . . : .
..... ... '. -
(Aasooistsd Frsss By U. S. Ksval' Commn
i ' aleaUoa Bsrvtes) "
. AVA8IIINGTOX, May S2 The Espi
onage Bill la still tied up n coufereuce,
the conferees of senate and house hav
ing been unable to come to anv agree
ment over the differences of the two
ibodios. The members of the conference
committee argued over tbe bill nil day
J yesterday,' but fruitlesaly, and there is
.no Indication aa to when, if at at
. agreement will he reaj-hArl
m ,'.;., -;'
BQBTOV, j May M The British
steamship Colonlan, of the Leylaud line,
was wrecked yesterday ou the southern
coast of England, according to cable ad
vice received her last night. The ve
ol is probably a total loss. The Colonlan-
and her cargo were ' valued at
$2,01)0,000. The Coloniau was of 4241
ton register - ,-. -', . ; ',
(AssoeUtsa ttn$ By V. S. Ksval Comma-
).'. - Aloattoa Ssrvies) ." , ' ,
BERLIN, May SI The Germans on
the Arras front yesterday maintained
thuir positions, except for cue demol
ished trench, . This was evacuated, ac
cording to plan, during a British attack
Huuday, along an eighth and a hulf-mile
f rout. -'.,'.'.. i , . ''.- i
The Kreucb have obtaiue.1 a foothold
ou Mout Carnillvt and Mont Kivl.
. ' ;;. y "ir-Xl :
Fight : Against Internal Revenue
On Raw Product of the South
, Is" Won, and . Door Is Closed
Against Same Attempts Against
Sugar. V-" ;
AiiocUt.d frM By tf. S. Karal Comma-
Wt-stloa Same) , ' - '
WAblllNtfTOiV, May 22 The sugar
Industry of fa eouiitry, it Is declared,
ts jubilant' eer . the success of . the
soutfiein wentjer of the house in kill
ing the proved' tat of S2.50 a bale on
cotton. The.ijupositiou of that tax, the
sugur'inen' feared,, would have' meant
that the- door kwaa left open for an
amendment itn'posing au internal reve
nue tax ou sugar. It is believed that
the killing of the proposal to tax cotton
will head .off any attempt to levy a tax
on sugar;- , 'L-.'.- ,1 ,' ' . .
The llnal vote in the house on the
great war ta, whii-h in intended ta pro'
tluce-inore than two billion dnllnr et
revenue towards' carrying on the War,
will bn taken truight, according to the
determination '.cf.the boue leaders as
announced bint night,
Attorney General Gratified That
the Number of Arrests Have ,
K Been So Few To Date '
WASHINGTON, May 22 Deilarii
that foreign born citizens now in ts,e
Uuited .Hlte"have conducted them
selves in the main in such manner a
to "deserve '.the highest commendation
and praise,'' Attorney General Greg
ory declares the number of arrests of
alien had been "gratify inyly small."
At the. same time lis renewed his ad
monition that foreign, born oitizens con
tinue to, exercise . "scrupulous 'oar
aad restraint ia their daily activities"
and know that "the vigilance of the
government .agent has not been , re
laxed, aue whit." . '. , '" '
: Attorney ; General Gregory ' crtavtm
ment 'follows) " ' , , .i
Hlfheat PralM Du .. ' ' ; . ' '; : '.'
"The foreign born citizens of Amer-!
iia as a class deserve the highest com
.Herniation audi praise for the manner
iu wbic 'they have conducted them
i(Sijr'IHl sine 'the declaration of war
against Germany. A regards law and
order they have iu almost all instance
stood with the government and have
vindicated the president's eft repeat
ed assertion that he had no misgivings
as, to bow foreign : born American
would measure up to their responsibil
ities and duties in the eveut of a ua
tional crisis. , ,' -
"The number of arrests which the
government has been forced to make
has Wn gratifyingly small." Agents
of the Department of Justice Ijave ar
rested only 15 alien enemies under the
President's proclamation. . About, one
half, of these are being, held because
It Ws decided that they , would be
dangerous to the government if per
mitted to remain at large. , -' . " :
, "The remainder of the alius enemies
arrested since the declaration of war
wer taken into custody on charge of
espionage or attempt to foment di
loyalty or disorders. " . i , . ,
"In Issuing this itatemcut' the de
partment renew it admonition that
our foreign citisen and alien resident
exercise scrupulous care and restraint
in their daily ' activities, assured that
the vigilance of the government agent
hat uot been relaxed ou whit.'J-
BATTLE Flags pying side by side in the two Anglo-Saxoo
capitals Upper photograph: Union Jack and ' Stars and
Stripes displayed outside the Mansiori House, London, the offi
cial residence of the Lord Mayor of London.' Lower photograph;
Banners of America. Great , Britain and " France flying over , the
state, Army and Navy Building"
Make'. Use of Every ' Means . To
. .' belay Breaking Off of Pip- - i
yi ,'; lomatic Relations . I
r ' (Br Ta AsseeUUd Prsss)
', PEKING, May S2 Although' China
tent its note of protest against the Ger
man submarine campaign en- February
0, the German: legation ia Peking did
not aubmlt a reply to the Chinese for
eign effice until after the lower house of
parliament had -voted to sever diplo
matic v relation -and the . aenate . wa
about to vote on the tame question, t
The German minister -is supposed to
have received a prompt reply from his
home government, but , is Relieved to
have' belli' It from the Chinese in the
hope of dolaying action. on the part of
the Chinese government. Germany ' re
ply, was a courteous denial of Cuius'
request for a modification, of the sub
marine campaign, and sought to estab
lish negotiations between the two coun
tries on the question. .
-Germans in China realized a break
between their country aad China, was
inevitable, aud resorted to every possi
ble mean or forcing delay. ' Toe pres
entation of tbe note just before- the sen
ate voted on the severance of relation
had but little effect on the senate. Offi
cial copies of the note were placed in
the hand of each, seuator by German
agents, but did not prevent the senate
from following, tbe house in it over
whelming endorsement Of the cabinet'
decision to sever diplomatic relation. -y
Together with the pnsnports which
Dr. VVu Ting-fang, the , Minister of
Foreign Affair, ent to the German
minister for the legation' staff, was a
note explaining China' reaaon for
breaking off relation with Germany. A
translation of the note follows:
"With reference to the near sub
marine policy of Germany, the govern
ment of the Bepublie of China, dictated
by the desire to further. the causa
the world' peace and to maintain the'
anotity of internaHonal luW, addreased
a protest to Your Excellency on Febru
ary 9th and declared that la case, con
trary to it expectations, it protest be
ineffectual, it would be constrained tc
ever the diplomatic relation at pres
ent existing between the two countries.
"During the lapse of a month no
heed ha been paid to the protest of the
government of tbe republic in the ac
tivities of the German ubinnrine, ac
tivities which have caused the los of
at Washington.
Will Serve a Year But Is Lucky
At That British Could . - J
Have Executed Him
, ? ' ' -;'; ,'rT v '1)
, " ' in.t. n beiv c-) .' "' ' '
-N K V YUUK, .y Ottpt. Franx
Von kiuteleu, ol toy (Jermsn navy, re
puted friend of the Kuieer.un't the pi.y
master, i'or ' a series ot- plots ; in the
Vuited Status for the ''prevention ' of
the ii.Hiiufuiture of muiiitiqus' intended
Cof. the Allies; -'-David . La mar, .''the
Wolf of Wall Street," imprisoned a
year ago for. impersonating a congress
man. aud attempting to blackmail cer
tain Wall Btreet operators, and Usury
K. Martin, who approached , congress
men under the guise of a lalior leader,
attempting to secure legislation ugainst
the exportation of supplies for the
Allies, who had all 1eeu found guilty
of a violation of the Hhermau . Anti
trust Law, wer yesterday senteured to
jail by Judge K. K. (Uishman.
- Kach of the Germau plotters was
senteueed to serve one, "year at hard
labor. in the federal peuitentiarv. ,
Much, of the evideue used . against
these plotters was furnished the I, cited
Mates by tbe British authorities, who
had arrested von Rintelen while be was
attempting to' return to Germany from
the I'niteil States. The British censor
had intercepted a number of bis letters
aud be wa being watched for by the
secret service men. When caught he
was traveling under a fraudulent pass
port. . Ha was held a prisoner in Great
Britain for some months, Anally being
returned to the ITnlted -Wtates for trial.
.', i i , I, .'
(Asseoiatsa Prsst By O. S. Naval Comma-
, nleaUsa Ssrvies) ' ' , .
NEW YORK, May 21 With her flag
half -masted mute sign of mourning
an American ateamer returned to port
this morning with a remarkable story
or the accidental killing of two Amer
ican nurses while eu route to Europe,
.The nurses, Edith Ayres aad Helen
Burnett Woods, were members of the
Chieago ambulance unit which was en
route to t ranee. They were hilled Ys
terday aboard the steamer when piece
of a shell fired by the naval gun crew
in practise ricocuetted from the water
and scattered auieng a group of uurse
aud surgeon standing ou the deck.
A third nurse was seriously wounded.
The eflieer explained that when the
shell struck the water ITS feet from the
ship, centrifugal foree caused bits to fly
back. The accident occurred, a day out,
the vessol having sailed (Saturday. -
many Chinese. lives. On March 10th,
a reply was received from Your Excel
lency. Although It state that the Im
perial German government is willing to
open negotiation to arrive at a plan for
the protection of Chinese life and prop
erty, yet it declare that it i diflioult
for Germany to cancel her blockade
policy. It Is therefore not In accord
with the object of the protest and the
government of the Chinese republic, to
it deep- regret, consider it protest to
be ineffectual.. The government of, the
republic ia constrained to sever tbe
diplomatic, relations at present existing
with the imperial German govern
ment," .''.'.':...'
nil i utti. n li
Secretary Daniels Urges Same
Rule For One Service As Is
Imposed On Other j .
(AssclsU4 Prst By V. S. Maal Oomma
aloattsa Barries) ..
WHINGTOTf, May 22 Prohibi
tion' by congress of the sals tf liquor
to men of the Volted 8tate. naty is
urged by tecretary Daniels in a letter
from him, received yesterday by Hieak-
er Chump Clark of the house of rcpre-
entaUves. ' ' - ';-' .. ;
'..The Army Bill, as passed by con
gres last week and signed by Presi
dent Wilson, contaloes a provision that
ao liqu:r shall be sold (a or around mo-
bihr.atinn enmps of: the army. See
rrtary Daniels, who, .haa long been
known as a temperance advocate and
who several years ago issued an order
barring liquors front all United ritatee
shine of war, t.binka that what is good
for the soldiers ia equally geod for the
Navy, and he asks the speaker to have
the prohibition of'liqnor extended to
the Navy yards sections in the same
way,.! it i applied to military camp
WAHHINOTON. May' 7 Decisive
measure for the hygenio' and nflutal
welfare of the nation's soldier and
sailors have been Jeteriuia) upon by
the council of national dcf nice as a
strict war measure.; The council, guid
ed ty the general taetlk-al board, has
prepared to strike at the' presence of
insidiona discuses and at alcoholism in
all military commands. , v
wectsiuiia were annvunoea today, a
1 "Wot tli at iiiiilnf nint, rnntrnt
no effentive one shall be cront-'d about
ull militsiy coajmsmls as tli most
practicable and effective measnr 'to
picvenr ir.sM.ouM 4i.,cnhii, r-i-.ofi,,
Un.t lu.t. .nry znnvi. hiii.il scre as
n im.ius of control of alcoholic bever
to the troop. These deciH'uxi are
rci.cued by the souncil after exhaustive
study of conditions to-day among the
great Kuro.ean armies
, "Zones about the military commands
will, therefore, be created, and condi
tions in these zones will be guarded by
military measures, so as to prevent the
prd of. disease.. The two military
arm of the government officially recog
nise ' thut continence . i compatible
with health. : .
- "The councd also recommend, aa a
further solution of the- problem, that
all military commands be provided with
good .facilities for the recreation of
the troop. It urges that all suitable
athletics be encouraged. '
Under Control Off Duty ,
"The use of alcoholic beverage on
the part of soldier and sailor ia mili
tary command haa . long been under
military eontrol. ' But tbe creation now
of these military none will in effect
extend sueb eontrol over the troop
wnen iney are on auty out of tbe com
nianda." ' ; v . j. ' , ' ' V- .
To face these' ueU facts In an un
flinching and no half hearted fashion,"
said Dr. Franklin H. Martin, member
of the advisory commission of the conn
ell of national defence,, "makes for the
fighting power of the nation. But our
troops are inseparably a part of our
eivil life, and a clean, wholesome, tem
perate life among the troou will in the
end make tor our ejvit advancement,
compared to which the cpst of the war
Is not lit ng. Tbe whole nation is indebt
ed to the general medical board for it
thorough going research, and for 'it
definite recommendation iu the matter
Of real uroteetion to our bova."
- The general medical board, which
unanimously approved the program of
the council, include the surgeon gen
eral of the army, navy and public
neaitn, ana a large number of the eoua
try' most noted medical men.
V ' -
(AsMit4 rrss By V. I. Vsval Comma-
atcstlon Ssrvlos) ','...
WASHINGTON, May 21 plan of
Chairman Balfour and other member of
the British commission to visit Chicago
and the Middle "Went have been aban
doned at the request of the state de
fartment, which desired them to lemsin
n .Washington until the last possible
moment before going to Canada, They
leave soma time this week. " - .
Tbe Italian commission headed by
Prince I'dine, will arrive in Washing
ton tomorrow. ..'. , .,
: i -.''. "v..
(AssoeUtsa frsss By'U. S. Msval Oomma-
aleaUoa Ssrvlsa) ' ,',' ..',.
SOFIA, Bulgaria, May 21After a
Ions artillery preparation the enemy to
day launched . several violent attack
east of tiooropiye, but they broke
down, Hortie which succeeded la ap
proaching the line wore annihilated by
hand grenade.: .
Residential Section ;- Suffered
Most and Many Thousands Are
Homeless, Cared For By Red
Cross In the Public Buildings
While Conflagration Was Appa
rently Checked . At Midnight,
Fears Were Expressed That ,
Fire Might Again Gain Control
(Associated Trass By TJ. . S. Msvsl Comma
i . aicatloa Ssrvtcs)
7V TLANTA, Georgia, May 22
Pifat tuKirri airtinff in V f '
em a a V "ivhj as vua niiai mv
negro section, has already shorn
a broad nath through the heart of
a o
the finest residential section of the
..-- i - - i..
cuy, was nun uuinin vij;uiui y
last night, J though its fury l as
been greatly checked. ' 1'cirs wr-
crrr';';'''l late last ni '.(. ! o c v-r.
tl.ai it would gam i.ew 1... ....
before morning.
Already the fire has co!,t at
least one life, one woman having
died of shock. The damage al
ready done is estimated at not less
than $3,000,000. "
' The fire first destroyed hun-.
dreds of negro homes and then,
leaping over into the white sec
tion, 'burned many of the finest
residences in the city. Late last
night it had burned half way
through the exclusive Pone de
Leon Avenue section. ,
At Boulevard Place the fire
fighters made a desperate stand.
It was here that the conflagration
reached its climax. Resorting: to
dynamite and blowing , up many
houses to prevent the further
spread of the flames, the firemen
attempted to hold the conflagra
tion. ; They were unsuccessful,
however, for the fire, continuing
to gain headway, forced them to,
retreat Two blocks back they re
newed the battle, which is still
being waged with the result un
certain, as it is feared that the fire
will gain new headway and con
tinue Its work of destruction.
, In addition to the one death that
is known to have been due to the
fire, teany minor injuries have
been reported, while thousands of
persons, both rich and poor, have ,
been rendered homeless and are
i i I. i ..... '
uciug nnciixica m puouc Duuaings
under the care of the Red Cross.
aV f a
; a cau tor neip, sent out to
neighboring cities brought hun
dreds of fire fighters, with their ;
engines and other apparatus, and '
these are now. aiding the local fire
department ;and. the citizens in the
work of rOmhattinff thm flama.
Thousands of volunteers are fight-.
1 -1 . j . i n . ,
ing aiungaiae ine nremen. a nign ;
wind is blowing which makes the
task the more r1enerate
(By The Assocuwa rrss.t
I.AHAM1K, Wyoming, May ' The
use of the ITuivtrsity of Wyoming ha
been tetidered to the war department at
Washington by President C. A. Duul
way for military use, .

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