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I Trans ', r
NOV 1 1317
Unsr CAHItt SCCAK QCOTATIOXS
0nt ' Dollar
M Oentrlfagals K..T. lb. toa
Prlea, HawaUaa but!.,, 6.90 913S.0O .
Last rTtcm tuot- - .
ttoa.... 7.02 $140.40
V: H. WEATIIER Bl'RKAU
Oct. Jl, 1917-Lat twenty
f-iiir honr' rainfall, ,Jl .'
Temperature?, Mia. 84; Um I
73. .Weathor, dear.
..VOL X, NO. 92 : I
'HONOLULU. HAWAII .TERRITORY. ; FRIDAY. OCTOBER ' 12, 1917. -SEMI-WEEKLY.
WHOLE NUMDER. 4677 .
J I I l I f fill I 11 11 111; A I I J I I) M It I J&l II I IE I IF1 u r
Batteries Work In Harmony and
Render Assaults On the Allies
Practically Impossible and All
; Positions Held
DRIVE IN MACEDONIA IS .
", . INDICATED BY BIG GUNS
Artillery and Aircraft Play Big
Part In Day's Activities In All
the War Theaters With Small
NEVV YORK, October 12
. Associated Press) With
the exception of intense artilkry
. fire; a feature nf whirVi uau rnn.
certed or reciofoeal fire uuon
, Teutons bjr the French- and
tish batteries in r landers,
gagemcnts upon alf of
were of minor' important iit
anuiery uueis ragea wiid" vio
lence in nearly all the theiters of
' warfare.; . i .
By 'a magnified 'teani work, a1
mutual assistance W the direct
ing of th' ftre( "of their 'heavy
gns,thV' Britisk and French
were ble to rnaki their positions
"pWrilai int;(ino 'iktf ilangc
of Teuton attacks. In this man
tier they -retain alt . of their re
cently won . ppsitions and were
able to still further coordinate
their gams, bring, forward ."the
needed artillery . and reinforce
ments for a further drive against
the badly shattered Hun forces
and the capture of the ' partially
wrecked positions are manifestly
intended : within the next few
FRENCH REPEL ASSAULTS
On Wednesday, in the vicinity
of Draeibank, the French forces
were severely handicapped by the
heavy downpour of rains, but
despite this they were able to re
pulse all the counters which the
In the Verdun sector there was
some fighting early in the day
when Teuton assaults were
launched against French posi-'
tions and an entrance into the
French lines was effected but the
enemy was dislodged from these
positions and some of those they
occupied on Wednesday on the
right bank.of ithe Meuse when
reinforcement's were brought up.
The .engagement then became
merely an artillery duel. Offtcial
reports from the French in that
sector say that their positions
have not been weakened by the
Hun assaults in force despite the
temporary losses which they sus
tained. Prospects are good for the
' Russians returning to give bat
tic in Rumania. In that theater
a heavy bombardment, of Galata
was in progress.
On the Riga front slight Rus
s i a n reverses were reported.
Here the German forces succeed
ed iu forcing back the Slav army
which fell back upon new posi
tions which they were holding
last night. , , '
DRIVE IN MACEDONIA
Engagements of importance
are forecast in the Macedonia war
theater by the greater force
which the Allies are showing in
the artillery duel that has been
in progress there. - It is predicted
that a drive will be made here
PRICE OF j
'-v - i
Nine Largi ConcernsFound Guil
ty In Los Angeles, -Under State
Law Fixed PricM At Whicn
Retailers Must Sell
LOS ANGELES, Ocfober 1H1'
elated Prcasi Nine bakery ' concerns
were convicted yesterday of forcing dp;
the price of bread in contravention to
tli Cartwright Autl Wuet Law, th law
of thin jtte which rontrol Of
bunt neat dealiug nfTirtlKt 4. lhf feilpral
Htirrmao Ijiw; 1 r J t ' ,,
Yor th pant twrf w'kn tir
)wtt on trial, followin,' in lirttgenti of
th ahe onirnl ' on -lm r " of ro
xtralnt of trad and j., ice li ntf. Tho
8tr o)lntl p en -i' t- ; inbr 28
after introducing a min'ilnm..! aoiouni
of eiidenro and fdveli rintr thafc th
ret of It eridei, if ji-.-ciiled, would
be morcly rnmulative. . . . y
' The ecoM'd knkin cDinaaaiee, ac
eording to the t ti.ugny lintroduel
br the proetatioa . agreed among
tbemaelrea aiton a iwelve-eent' whole'
wrlce for brea per loaf. They
went even fnrthet, wa charged and
dictated to the retailer and the groceri
fhe price, at which they mupt aell to
the eonrainer, fixing that price et fit
teen cnl a loaf. , More than a dorea
irrocVy ,'tlfld for the prosecution
tb4l ' -vwer compelled to agree to
f - i KJnr to obtain bread and
ijHren by eome witneaeei
" i idudboxea", the recapta-
ii'lhe bakery delivery wag
wft their orders, were taken
lien they rcfUHcd to charge a
jif tec n rents a loaf as had beea
maaded of them.
No reduction eould be made by the
grocera, it was ' shown for- stale bread
for which they wcrs compelled to exact
the ame "price that . they charged for
the f rehly baked artiele, y "
Government Control Soon To Be
Put In Effect On Bread;
Steel Prices Settled
WA8HINOTON, October 12-(Amo-
eiated Prees) -Price fixing plans being
worked out by the food administration
yesterday included a number of neces
sities, ranging from bread to steel. The
plans for regulating the former are
tentative as yet, while the agreements
as to steel are fully formulated and ap
prove! of by the' President. Under this
agreement,, the prices fixed by-the gov
ernment range about one-third under
The plans' for regulating the baking,
distribution and standardising the
prices of flour bread, fix both the xize
of the standard loaf and' the price thnt
mar lie charged for it.
These plans are being drawn up care
fully, baitod upon the government price
of i'J.iO a bushel for wheat and the
known cost of milling.
The steel prices have been fixed by
agreenmnt between the steel manufac
turer and the war industries bounl.
CHICAGO, October 12 (Associated
Press) The wholesale provixiyu mar
ket, for the third successive Ihv, regis
tered a series of est backs yCHlcrday.
Lower quotation all along the liue
During the three days pork hits
dropped a total of (2.25 a barrel, while
lard and ribs are quoted at $1.50 a
hundred below the Monday figures.
and if it should be started today
it will not be unexpected.
Han Defense Shattered ,
' The condition of the German troops
in their shell ravaged defeuses beggars
description, spy reports from the
French front iu Flanders. The effect
of the last few davs' Are of the French
and British guns hat been devastating
In the extreme. The Merman foremost
defeuses are mere shellholes aud con
stitute a uest of death traps, while the
troops themselves for the most part are
forced to occupy unsheltered positions.
Kleveu British divisions were en
gage' I along the eight-mile front in
Flanders, ta addition ' to the French
troops is the report from Berlin.
Air Balds by British
The British began tholr bombing op
erations on an extensive scale, con
certed raids at different points being
carried out. Airmen dropped tons of
bombs on Htuden, two tons on Houlers
anil Courtrai, Menin aud Ledegham
military stations. At one point a traiu
was hit and a. number of explosion
The raiders encountering German
patrols downed four Qerniun planes
while two were foreod to alight to
repair dautege.'. Two Britiu planes
0 REGULATE PRICE
flwF OF IflAk
ll. ui uuf w
PjRTUQAL U doing iu part for the Allies', catilc a was shown by the honors paid to the
President of that Republic at .Verdun yesterday. . Here is shown a contingent of Portuguese
soldiers disembarking from a transport in a Frenchj seaport from whence they are to proceed to
the front. ,: .-:.;.-.. .; ' ' .
-: -..,; . , i
Tf7 r-7 ."v;
Air Parts Standardized and In
dustry Car) Furnish Eight
, , Thousand Monthly
WAfiHIXOTON. October 12 (Asso
ciated Press) Development of all .the
Jet nils eoanevted with the jiiabjifaeture
V .T .n'".MIT
motor ; l rues ,t acrr, wn mrmtm
are ta bi iaXpected by the ,war depart
ment. The .truck hns" had Its trial be
fore expert and In their belief it will
meet, all requirements. Approval by
the wsf department, is now practically
all that is awaited iterore its manufac
ture In . quantities is started. .'
The new motor truck is composed en
tirely of standardised parts ! these
can be made in sixty different factories.
It is the product of the. ability and the
ingenuity .of the best engineers ' and
automobile .manufacturers of the na
tiou, the most skilloit intelligeac.e of
that imlustry that the world 'has to
offer. - V
The 'Vl4lerty Motor Truck','. has s
three tou capiwity and under present
facilities can be turned out from the
sixty factories in quantities of.; eight
thousand a month. i
The cost to the government. of this
new standardized truck will be reduc
ed fifty peruent. ' 'V.
, . '
TOLL IS NOT SEVERE
WASHINGTON, October 12 (Asso
eiated Press) Weekly report as to
losses sustained from the German sub
marine campaign Mere received Tester
dnv from fans and from come.
Four Italian at earners aud one sailing
vessel wore destroyed during the period
J 1 - . 1. - i .v . 1 1
covered in the report, the' preceding
week, Of these two steamers were over
lttOO tons burden and two were under.
French losses for the same week.
Paris report officially were, three
steamers coder IrKX) tons and two un
der and sis fishing boats. -- .
LIKE BIG MORTARS
AMERICAN; TRAINING CAMP IN
FBANCK, October .. 11 (Associated
t,ress)-Amvican artillerymen ara de-.
lighted with the work of the 44four
hundred'' mortars, which hurl high ex
plosive, shells weigh iug nearly a ton,
and r nuaulmou;in the opinion that
they are more K)teot than the famous
"Big Berthas" used by the Teutons.
Scores of reserve officers are , now
completing their technical education at
the artillery schools of France 'nud
Britain and will soon be ready for sc
tual work at the battlofrout.'
v; HAVE BIG POPULATION
WASHINGTON, October 12 (Asso
ciated, Press) Nearly half a' million
men of th national army chosen under
the'Heleetive Draft law are now in
training. Announcement was made b.v
the war department last night that in
the sixteen cantonments there are now
431.1M0 soldiers of this branch of the
army. ,c , i . :
TO INSPECT TRUCK
CALl ITS LOANS ON
SvASrtrSTOTON,: October 13 (Asso
ciated J'reesjr-Jtfoneyrloaned by Brit
ish subjects, and : eepocially through
British wtortuage eeaipxples upon farms
.t .., -j. . . ,i t
for TWoarder tha. sue loans were
ot fo w.1l,wtll hut tha. upon pay
must such fund -should b brought
back to Oreut Britain hns been res
eiuded. That was the instruction that
bsd been given to"' the various mort
gage companies and that ,i we la
strnction that has been countermanded
hucb loans ran be renewed if it is de
sired to do so.
It is estimated, thnt there is about
100,000,0011 of-British money invested
in bonds and mortgages on American
farm lands. To refuse to renew such
loans mijlit create some hardship for
the mortgagors. This Great Britniu
recognir.es in its aetion w it does the
fact that America is bending ts best
efforts to the feeding of its allies and
the furnishing of adequate supplies to
them and also it is a recognition of the
liberal loans w hich the United Htates
has made and stands ready to make to
(treat Britain. -' u
WASHINGTON, October 12 (Asso
eiated Press) Hweden is by no means
dear of the diflicultins which arose for
that country after the annotinremnt of
the 1'iiited States department of state
I thnt licr foreign office was a tool for
'I llun diplomats. Upon those disclosures
enme the elections anil men ine enori
. w as
made to form a coalition govern
Thus far all suck-efforts arc
failures. Despatches from.. Stockholm
last niht told of a continued lack of
YF.lUirN, October 11 (Associated
Press) President Machado of Portugal
was today signally honored, by Prcni-)
dent I'oincare on his visit to this shell
riddled city around which so much
bloody fighting has taken place. The
French executive decorated the distin
guished visitor with the eity order or
h tower and handed Machado a beau
tifully wrought sword iu honor of the
BERLIN REPORT TELLS
OF LOSSES OF AIRCRAFT
NKW YORK, October 14 (Associa
ted Picas) Claims that, the British
lost more than four tiros as mauy
aircraft na did the German are ad vunc
ed in Mi e official report of Berlin on
air craft losses ,duriug the month of
September. , . .
Berlin's report admit the loss of
eighty-two aircraft of all types last
mouth and Jjlaces th loss to the Bri
tish as of 3i4.
Figures of the allies by no means
coincide with these for they make
the British losses . much smaller and
multiply the loss which th Germans
admit that they have sustained.
SWEDEN UNABLE TO
CAN NOW GO AHEAD
Attorney (General Approves Or
ganization of Manufacturers
and Form of Contract
W AfcHJNGTONY October 1 2-( Asso
einted ! I'reWWAll obstacles have been
tawK! v.vM?''- y .eif yhiirtol
effect of e great aircraft "program
of t,lie Parted States government . which
purposes to mske this go' iruinenf the
most powerful of any iu tl.e world, give
control of the air to the allies and will
Involve the expenditure of 40,MK.
Attorney General Gregory yesterday
approved the plans of the aircraft
board nml tho agreement which it is
prepared to enter upon with the manu
facturers association. The approval of
the form and the terms of the contract
waa asked so that it might not lead to
any prosecution under the antitrust
laws as made by an organisation "in
restraint of trade."
The Aircraft Manufacturers Asso-
cintion was formed so as to avoid the
possibility of any .litigation , over pat)
ents. All parts are to be standardized
i R,1(i .n members of the association
will thus be able to proceed with the
manufacture of . such parts and their
embodiment in all the machines that
may be turned out by the government
whether or not another concern, mem
ber of the association, holds a patent
on such psrt or part or not.
The approval of the formation of the
association fpr its particular purpose
by the attorney general la considered
to remove the last possible obstacle.
AMSTERDAM, October ll(A-m
eiated Pressji Accoraiug. to the influ
ential newapajier, the Vossiche Zeitung,
the reichstag will in the next few days
take a decisive step as to the disposi
tion of Alsace-Lorraine. It is under
stood a majority of the' members favor
a monarchial federal state,- with demo
cratic parliamentary guarantees.
It is believed the scheme advanced
by Bavarian and Prussian delegates
for the division f Alsace-Lorraine has
beeu finally abandoned, and, the alter
native scheme is finding favor iu the
PORTS OF PERU ARE
I-IMA, Peru, October 18 (Associat
ed Pres) Thin Peruvian govcniment
yesterday took the first active step in
its hostility to Germany, throwing open
all Peruvian ports to the warships of
Great Britain aud permitting the Brit
ish putrollera to make their bases with
iu Peruvian waters. .
BY ARGENTINE PEOPLE
Bl'ENOs AYBKS, October 11 f As
sociated Press) Citixena of this repub
lie are much concerned that the dis
closures of the Germs a intrigue withio
her borders may result in friction be
twecn Brazil, U.-iguay and Argentina
RUSSIA WILL SEEK
BASIS OF PEACE
FROM ITS ALLIES
Declaration of New Coalition
('Government Asserts That
; ' Separate Terms With Central
Powers Are Not Considered -
'inill'l'illli-, . r i iim-i 1 J-h nrr- .
elated Press) In i-onncctlon with the'
forthcoiuiug cinitV imce which the tew
coalition gnvcrniiiiiil of liusnia will!
. tiLTUfW:U 111 II. 11) I k w
hold with the Allies, the cabinet yester
day dec In red that it will seek to obtain
from the A Mid lvcr n definite state
ment of the Ihmis i kiii nhich a peace
cntild be nrranui'il with the Central
Powers. It i nut the intent of the
Hew government i.i take any steps to
ward a separate peace or to even con
sider this as a possibility.
n the statement iasned by the new
government it is pointed out that front
the, inception of the revolution and
from the time that pro German aristoc
racy and autoi rin v was driven from
power, Russia lis been faithful to the
rar'ie of the Allies, fntil a common
peace can be determined the nation will
devote its whole strength and energy to
the common cause of the Allies, to de
fepd the couutry against invasion and
to oppose every attempt that may lie
made to iin pose the will upon others.
This is the answer which is given to
the)1 demands of the ultra radical fac
tions which in the democratic congress
called upon the new- government to give
the matter of ieace consideration. The
government does not interpret that de
mand, as one for a separate peace and
seeks to mske it clear that any pro
posal for consideration of entering in
to a pact with Germany and the Central
Powers in which the Allies do not coa
esir is not to be cousiderttd. .'',
The statement tioints Out that Rus
sian territory is now occupied by th
enemy, that any terms that. Would be
offered would be based upon such occu
pancy and could not ls other than bur
densome upon the Bnsaiau people.
Tokio Press Is Much Agitated
Because of Despatches
TOKIO, Japan, October 11 (Special
to Nippu .Hji) Viscount K. Tshii's mis
sion to the I'nited Htates is appareutly
la complete failure so far as lifting the
' American steel and gold embargoes are
I There is now little, likelihood that
exception to the steel and gold embsr-
goes will be granted in favor of Japan,
Japan's commerce with the United
states will show a sudden and disss-
trous decrease in the face of the Anirr
icnn gold embargo, .while the ship
building industry in .Japan will suffer
a loss hich may amount to a ruin if
exportations from the United States
of steel and Iron are atopped.
Such ' is the gist of a startling an
nouncement made here this morning by
tht- Jiji Bbimpo, one of- the most reli
able of the Japanese newspapers pub
lished in Tkio, The information has
been obtained by the Japanese paper
from a reliable source in Washington.
According to the Jiji' Washington
tpccinl despatches Viscount Ialiii re
turned to Washington Monday from
a visit to New York and a three dr.ys'
rest in Atlantic City to Yeupen nego
tiations with the proper American au
thorities on the steel and gold em
bargo questions which are generally re
garded as a bockbouo of Ialiii 's mis
The negotiations are said to be dead-liH-ked
' owing to the firmness of the
stsnd of the I'nited Htates government
in upholding the embargo.
There is a big balance- iu payment
to be made by the American import
ers to Japan, but even thi was ordered
stnp)ied by the United States, says Jiji.
No such payment can be made on ac
count of the gold embargo.
ARE COMING IN ILL
Committee Points Out That Is
No Reason To Cease Efforts
WASHINGTON, October !'.'( Asso
eiated PrVss) Progress of subscrip
tinna to the Liberty Loau shows that al
ready subscription amount to more
than a tenth of the issue. These re
turns are from eleven of the reserve
banks and total 33,()()0,00d.
Committeemen take the report to in
dicate that the loan will be over-subscribed
but point out that there must
I i let up in the campaign. While
it is yet early, and while in the esse
nf the former loan the subscriptions
lume iu heaviest at the closing hours
and after, there were grave fears that
it might not be fully subscribed, it is
insisted that this is all the more rea
son to push th campaign faster that
there may l n repetition this time
of any such fear,
FMRARITO Tn STUM
i iK u ivi vsv i v y if m
Socialists and Extremists Blame
'Chancellor and Colleagues For
(Use of Revolt As Pan-Ger-.
'manic Argument Against Them
EARLY DOWNFALL OF '
GOVERNMENT IS SEEN
All Socialist Factions Align
Against Michealis and Are. In
Complete Opposition To Ideas
Which He Represents
GOPEXllACKN, October 12
(Associated Pr e s s) - ' '
Crisis following upon crisis' as a
result of the Pan-Cierman propt
ganda is, told in despatches rc-
fu'wuA (mm Uerlin last nicrlit and
the downfall of Michaclis is fore
cast by his opponents who ap-
pear to he growing in numbers -.
and in strength. .'.'. V 1 v
Hardly lias the critical situa
tion arising from the" attempted
revolt of sailors ' in the German
navy, been brought to. a concln-
sion wnen a political crisis mr.ca,
precipitated as a direct result of 'f.
.. ' . .. .- . j .... t.''-. '
ine navy vuiikiiiiacv . au4 ui i;.
alfcgeU uscorihal a ffaf?"'a gainst
the: Socialist and Extremist e"le- . ,
mertts of the reichstag. ' ! ,' : . '.
MICHAELIS BLAMED V
It is asserted that the use. of ;
the navy conspiracy; in the man- -
ner that it is Uetng used Dy .wi- ,
chaelis. HeltTerich and voriCa-
been deeply resented by the So ,
cialist and Extremist elements
uliirh -laim that if thWe Ava-5 no -
foundation in the reports1 that '
tht-v w-ere in antr u-!s ronnectel
with the revolt. -a's Michaelis him
self announced in the reichstag;.
in giving "out the news of the
mutiny it should not have been ,
implied that these elements were
V'IIlailk W tut. v wnjr..ssv i; ,
that tiie conspirators had promis- ,
ed allegiance to these factions of
the reichstag. (
That Michaelis is sowing the
seeds oi his own downfall instead ,
of weakening the opposition par- .
ties to the Fan-(jerman ideas is ;
openly asserted and it is predict
ed that his overthrow will be ac ,
i-i iiimlislifil in a nm li shorter
time than would otherwise bo
possible. . ; ' .
All brandies ot tne socialists
are now alligned in complete op-
losition to Michaelis and to the '
r, s '..!;' f. ' l.Lf .i. '
ran-vjerman policies ; tor wiiuu
iney anegc inat ne sxanus. . .
EFFORT TO EXPORT
NEW YORK, October li (Aasocl.
.... I ..--I .-..1 ..S1..I.1. tix.im
aic-u 1 i ,ii-i .i vuii.w - ,y
blocked a plot to export tuugsteu out
of the ITuited Htates, and throe men
are now in jail awaiting indictmeut for
violation of the espionage act.
Officers this nioruiug raided a Bean
Uiniiviuu American liner ready to sail
front this port to Kurope, anil confis
cated SUO pounds of tho metal found
concealed In suitcase In the staterooms,
of three men, who were immediately
placed under arrest.
The United States attorney her i
highly gratified at the outcome of tho
raid, and th breaking up of tb plot.
He declare th confiscation of so much
of the metal is equivalent to sinking .
ten Hon submarines.