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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, November 06, 1917, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1917-11-06/ed-1/seq-4/

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Lucky Plantation Labor .
WITH tlie announcement that the. bonus to be
paid by the plantations of the Territory to
their labor will be seventy-eight percent of 'the
wages under the regular scale, it becomes more
than ever apparent that the plantation laborer in
the Islands is a fortunate individual in his employ
ment.- lie has found the cost of living higher, it
is true but the extra payment which he will re
ceive this year is fifty percent larger than he re
ceived last year and seventy-three' percent greater
than two years ago. r; . .j :.tK(t
Profit sharing with employes is becoming more
and more general in this country with employers,
whether corporations, firms or individuals, and
here in the Hawaiian Islands the plantation com
panies are dealing more liberally with their help
, than is realized even by the employes themselves.
In few industries, if there are any, can there be
found employes who have benefitted byvthe in
creased prices received for the product of their
labor as have the workers in the sugar plantations
of Hawaii:': , -. v
' Steady workers in the Islands on the sugar plan
tations will this year receive, in addition to the
, regular wage scale, a bonus of seventy-eight per-
; rent of their, regular earnings. A part of this, has
already been paid to them in monthly payments
but the balance is now to come to them in a lump
sum. If they have lived within their earnings
during the year they now have a handsome sav
ing to show for the efforts which they have put
forth in their own interests as well as those of
their employers. . f
- For the year ending October 31, 1913, the labor
ers received one percent over and above their ordi-
i nary pay. For the year ending October 31, 1914,
the bonus was five percent". The plantation labor
er has thus, it is apparent, received an increase of
wages amounting to seventy percent, over pre-war
days. And this in spite of the fact that the cost of
everything used in the industry, from the fertilizer
that is put upon the ground to the sacks in which
the raw sugar is packed, from the fuel used in the
mill to the freight paid for carriage, has cost the
plantation companies much more than in the prer
war period. . ' ' '..-.'
The stockholderin the company gets his divid
ends upon the absolute net returns from the sugar
after all costs are paid. , The higher the costs the
smaller his returns but not so with the laborer.
He is paid his bonus according to what is received
in gross for the. sugar. The fact of higher costs of
production do not enter into calculations so far as
he is concerned. . ,
'Few industries have profitted from the war more
than has copper mining, in which profit sharing is
almost universal. The price of copper during the
year reached a figure three times as gteat as it was
: hefore the war. - The price fixed by the govern
ment is now more than twice as great as it was in
1914.; The miner's wages, however, have increased
only about sixty percent. The price of sugar last
yeajr was not one-third "greater than in 1914, but
1 he, wages of the worker in : the fields went up
seventy percet
. s It is the same way in the steel industry and, in
a number of others which enter directly into the
manufacture of things needed for the war. While
the workmen receive higher wages than formerly
the percentage cannot compare with the gain made
by labor in these Islands. With them an increase
of ten percent has pleased, and twenty or twenty
five has, satisfied.
The plantations are now called upon to bear
stili heavier burdens because of the war. Terri
torial taxes are higher, all that is bought is higher,
a war tax is charged upon their earnings in addi-
, lion to the former income tax. Bat these all fall
upon the employer and not upon the employe.
Despite increased cost, despite increased taxes, his
bonus is based on the gross receipts for the prod
uct ' Shipping freights are expected to go still higher.
That will affect the employer, not the employe.
. There is probably not a plantation in the Islands
that has averaged $121.96 for its sugar, gross, this
. year but that was the average market price fur the
year and that is trie basis upon which the bonus
; is' paid. .
. Should it turn out that a price of 6.90 cents a
pound, $138 a ton, is fixed by the sugar commis
sion it would mean a bonus of 102 percent next
' year for the laborer. No 6uch increase will come
in, the earning of the employing company, how
ever. The increased costs, the increased freights,
the very item of increased bonus, all come out of
the earnings before the dividends of the company
come to him. .,''.
: i
.The Curtis Publishing Company of Philadelphia,
publisher of The Saturday Evening Tost, the
; Ladies Home' Journal, the Country (ientleman
and the Philadelphia Public Ledger, all leaders in
advertising in their particular fields, has selected
The Advertiser as the best advertising medium for
the Territory of llawaii, A .letter received from
H,'F. Douglas, manager of the circulation depart
ment of the Curtis concern, gtates that he has re
ceived 'copies of all the leading papers of Hawaii
nnd recommends that the Curtis advertising hp
j.laced in The Advertiser alone. In his letter he
; ?ays: "Frankly, I was very much surprised at the
high standard set by, the editorial department, and
it" the high percentage of news from the States;
i-nd most of all at the fine big advertisements of
the' products made here." The Advertiser appre
ciates praise like this, from one who knows. It
beats having to blow one's own horn,
War News Brighter
O&E week', ago te news of tfie most serious
... revere"of the" year to Allied arms came to
Hawaii. Then 'the Italian army .had broken and
was retreating towards 'fle .Tagliamento in al
most a rout on the center, the flight of which se
riously menaced the Italian force operating on the
Bainsizza Plateau to the north and those operat
ing against Hamada. to the south, almost at the
floors of Trieste. :!,.TW ;arly reports of this re
verse to Italy Mitfe'vitl gloomiest, " Berlin sent
t)utclaiirf'ftet'ctalm,1Of were'fin
contradictcd at the time. . Cadorna was busy, ex
tricating himself am no denials were forthcoming
to the exultant news from Berlin and Vienna. ,
This week, while there appears to le no military
improvement on the Russian front and but little
progress towards political sanity back of the lines,
the general situation has brightened. The Italian
army, instead of being broken up and large bodies
cut off. as Berlin claimed, is very much an army
in being. Yesterday, from the new line, the at
tempts of the Austro-Germans to push further in
to Italy were repulsed, while behind the army
htands a reunited country. For months Rome has
been in turmoil, with various political cabals in
triguing for party advantage and with the cleri
cals more or less openly espousing the peace pro
posals of the Vatican. Now "none are for the
party and all are for the state"; patriots through
out the country are clamoring to be led against the
enemy and the Vatican, has been notified by its
own adherents that any further peace suggestions
at this time would be unwelcomed.
On the western front the situation is steadily
improving and evidences ' continue to multiply
that the Germans will soon effect another "strateg
ic tactical" move to the rear, that will clear the
greater part of France and a large part more of
Belgium. The Greek -army is now reorganize",
outfitted and mobilized for service on the Mace
donian Front and undoubtedly a large part of that
force is now in position to strike for the breaking
of the deadlock which has held Sarrall inactive on
the Serbian and Bulgarian borders. In Mesopo1
tamia the British are advancing north and west
from Bagdad, along the Euphrates-and the Tigris,
while the expedition from Egypt is working its
way along the Mediterranean coast towards Jaffa,
the important port of Syria. V Jaffa is connected
by railroad .with Jerusalem' and Bethlehem and
every foot of ground being -fought over by the
British and Indian troops is rich in Biblical his
tory.;, . ... ;,. ,:
: Last night's despatches state that there is in
tense" naval activity in the Gulf of Trieste. This
may mean that the Italian warships and the co
operating ships of the Allies have entered the gulf
and engaged the Austrian fleet, in order-to attack
Trieste from the sea ami create a diversion on, the
Tagliamento Front, or it may mean that the Aus
trians have sailed from Pofa to seek the Italians.
Tip For Everyone
IN view of the report that many Japanese were
deterred from subscribing to the second Lib
erty Loan by the advice that to do so would be to
admit , that the Japanese of Hawaii have money
imd would thus nullify the claim that Japanese
labor here, is underpaid, the "tip to Hawaiian
Japanese" published by Editor Okumura in the
current number of The Boy is timely.
It is also applicable in more than a few ways
to the resident of Hawaii not of Japanese blood
and could be read by many a food-slacker and
mental-objector to advantage.
In the recent iue of Yale Review, Simeon Strunsky
give a very interesting ami ersuasive article, an
article whick every thinking Japanese In Hawaii ought
to read, aayi The Bo v. He proves that the present war
ha passed beyond "the captains and the kings."
"The war in the final count," he saye, " depends not
on the ability of the leaders to lead, nor so much on
the capacity anil willingness of the common man to be
led Hind organised, as ou the common man capacity
and willingness to suffer and sacrifice.
"It is not so much a question of what the common
man can be made or induced to do, but what be will
consent to do without. He has been asked to do without
bis customary amount of leisure and recreation, with
out his customary amount of bread and drink, without
the safeguard of the labor uuiou regulations which ho
has built up for himself in the rourse of years, with
out the laws for the protection of women in industry,'
without schooling for his children who are needed for
work ia the fields.
"We speak of national organization as if it meant
only the utilisation of waste and avoidance of malayt
juHtmeut. National organisation in this war has really
1 ' meant the (sbanflonineut by the common man f-aty
of life 'a 'necessities apd .his 'subjection to . maladjust
ment; no other word wjjl correctly describe the trans
formation of a mother of children into a munition
worker. , If tlie war had been one truly of
military leadership and preparedness in the old-fashioned
sense, Kussia should have been out of the war two
years ago, a the (ierinsu at that time under the in
fluence of the old ideas expected her to be. . '
"If the, war had !ceu of superior organization in the
older sense, in the marshalling of normal national re--sources
as usually understood, Germany should have'',
lung ago succeeded ih crushing Huia into peace. But
' sifice the struggle lm resolved itself into one of ele
isientary endurance, hUmma after three years is still
in the war. When it comes to living on half-rations,
to women sweating in the lielda, to children doing the
work of men, Slav inferiority disappears. The mujik
eon starve as well a the lii;(hlv traiued Prussian."
Is this not great fact which every Japanese la
Hawaii ought to think off Why harangue so much,
seeking ouly one's own unae)liN)i and immediate happi
iiesar . Are you so mean ami low down as to take Ad
vantage of your hoat Htruggling in their battle of life
or iteathf Is it not s great patriotism to the country
in which you are merely a guest to sacrifice your
money, pleasure, and leisure to help her win the wart :
If you are really a man, if you are truly ami faithfully
following the codes of Huahido, you will do it. You
will help America by joining her Red Cros and by
investing ii, the Liberty Lonu. Io it aowl - Jlon-'Y
heed the cries of the demagogues or lubuf sgitstorsl
Maria DolgeshofT was rtked at the
police station' yesterday morning for
Kagosblnia, Ando and Aoki were ar
rested at I o'clock yesterday and
charged .With gambling. . ;
Mrs. Beraice Smith has been ap
pointed clerk of the district exemp
tion board by Chairmen J. A. Batch.
David Flo and I.um Siag, charged
with selling liquor to soldier in ant
form, were released by the federal au
thorities S1OO0" bond yesterday af
ternoon.. ';.t - . '1
F. A. Bchaefcr Was removed from
Queen' Hospital to his home ia Xan
ana Avenue yesterday. He is said to
have almost entirely recovered from
hi recent indisposition,.; .';'.
For interrupting Circuit Judge Heen
.while., k was rendering a decision id
I a'.lj vorce matter . jeiterd At. af feritooft'
Attorney Lena M. Mrsus wa lined fp
for contempt of eourt. The, Bne .was
mid. , , - V .
Joseph Kobriga, formerly court offi
cer at the polio station, ha bee pro
moted to the clerkship at the station
held by SolouaoB Meheula who succeed
ed W.. K, I'unohu a deputy jailor at
the city prison.' - Ed. Koss, , formerly
bicycle officer, succeeds Nobrig as
court officer. 'V, ,. , .
The annual : picnic, of the' Rjindsy
School of the 1rst tethodiat Episco
pal Church wa held yesterday at the
Peninsula, about two hundred and fif
ty attending. The party left the city
la a -special trala. at si as-thirty and
returned-at -nv-tbirty last eight. Tak
en altogether, the affair wa most
enjoyable oae. ' . . ,
Erin a Dajoylongsol, the Filipino con
victed in circuit eourt of the murder of
a Filipino woman near Watertowa, will
be hanged' at Oahu prison next Friday,
Aa the reprieve for Antonio Oraeia,
eonvidted of the murder of Hay ash i
hara Bear Kaneohe expire November
10,' it Is probable that both men will
be ha aged together.
Shortly before six o'clock last night
a message wa phoned to the police sta
tion that a man was suffering from a
it in a room Hi a tenement at the
corner of Beretania and A a la Htreets
A later-message stated that the man
had died. Thl proved to be the case
and tha body, which wa that of a
Hawaiiaa man, was taken to the
morgue, . Neither the name of the dead
man nor a report of the circumstances
attending his death were available at
the-police station last night. .. .
I -:
. New units to. the strength of the
Const .. Artillery Corps at Fort Roger
will be ndr cover of new building
within three, months, the work having
been started yesterday under, the di
rection of iColonel ..Bchofield, . 'depart
ment quartermaster.
The new work will include barracks,
It guardhoase, officers' quarter ' aad
other Ltailaings necessary for the en
larged, font. Practically all the ma
terial is on baud, and it include a
large amoaat of lumber which has
been as ia! generally the case, received
here from the mainland already aawed
and shaped to fit. .. .
Colonel Hchofield said yesterday that
the work will be rushed in order to
complete construction before the, heavy
rainy weather set in. It will involve
the expenditure of about irtO.OOO.
Demand' for beach lot continues
good is the report received from the
land department of the Oahu railway.
At Kawailsa beach there have been re
cently leased, four parcels. These were
taken by Jtis Helen Alexander of the
Laniakea, Mrs. Harah Wright, Mra.
I-aura Wight and her daughter, Mrs.
Lagerquist. The list two named took
four lots adjacent to one another. In
the Kawala Bay tract B. E. Hind has
secured a lot adjacent to that of F. O.
Monthly report of the activities of
Li he Hawaii Promotion Committee bus
just been issued by V ice Chairman bd
Tt.wse ad (Secretary Fred J. Hultcn, ,
The report calls attention to the
,fa;t.,that , notwithstanding the wirht
drawal of .the' steamers Msui,' Mationia
end Wilhelmlna during the present
month, Hawaii is assured of ample
passenger accommodation on the
rteamera Presides t and Governor which
will .be placed on the run between Han
Francisco and Honolulu.
A comparison f the passenger carry
ing cupaeitiea of these steamer as out
lined in the report i interesting:
rUeamer First Becond Third Total
President . . . - M7
Governor . .. ', .... C-7-
Total . ..
Matsoniu , ,
Tots I
... 10B4
ri.t 315
move the cause; Used the world ever
to cure a cold in one day. v Tb signs
ture of B. W. GROVE i on each bos.
Manufactured by th XAJlI5LtERI
CINK CO., Bt. Louis, U. 8. A.
O. Soreneon left for Hawaii ia the
Kilauea,. yesterday afternoon.
Dr. and Mrs, James R. Judd and la
fant were departures in tha Uauna Loa
yesterday for Hawaii.
l W. Jennings of Honoka, Hawaii,
I a visitor in town. H is booked at
the Alexander Young Hotel: '
Among the dep'arthig' passenger y'tt
terday was Mr, ij A. umniings, who
left on a visit to friends ia Kona.
John , Fogarty volunteered for the
British havy .through the Wa' British
ReeruiUag Committee. ,e has sailed
for a Pacific Coast port where he will
joia up.. , . , ' , . : t
' William T. Greig, engineer at the
Unioa Mill Co., Kohala, aailed in the
Mauna lxa J UlaAd bom at
w:li Post, will return to the Big Isl
and this afternoon by tb Kilauea.
Mr. Binning ha been Ja Honolulu dur
ing the past week on business. ,,.;'
Mrs. Jame Barbia of Ochoficld Br
racks tn a hostess on Thursday after
noon, whea she entertained for a num
ber of heii friends.- An amusing guess
ing game, "Conundrum Supper," caused
much fun among the guests, prises
being awarded to Mrs. Hehakelford aad
Mra. I.udemaa for their cleverness in
guessing. -. h -. . , ,.
Mr.'asd Mr. Ixni Vincent have re
turned to Honolulu from tiuam, where
Mr. Vincent was employed for the past
six yeara a a cable operator. Mr.
Vincent wa Miss Annie Perctra of this
city, from where she left a year ago
to be married to Mr, Vincent In Guam,
the marriage being the great social
event of the colony.-
A dinner dance, la honor of Miss
Hasel Maxim, who leaves soon for the
mainland, was given at the ioana Ho
tel on Tuesday evening, Miss Qleoi
Thorns being the hostess. Covers were
laid for eight. The table decorations
were Hallowe'en favors, with a basket
cf.Amcriean Beauty-roses as a center
piece. Following the dinner, the guests
spent the evening in dancing.
Efforts To Reduce Food Supply
Are Simjlar To Those Used By
. Enemies In Hawaii
Attack upon the people of the coun
try by effort to decrease the meat and
milk supply are reported' from the
mainland. , Just as was attempted in
these Islands a few months since so
now are attempts being made in -Cali
focal to spread anthrax. There' is a
difference, however, since in- autopsies
performed on cattle which died of the
disease in two California counties it
was found that the animal had been
stabbed with some instrument believed
to have had the anthrax germs upon it
so aa to inoculate tha cow or horse.' ':
The following despatch from Marys
ville, California, tell of the discovery
of the plot i and the efforts being made
to. detect the conspirators: I
" A ueiiDcrat spreading of anthrax
ia being carried on in Sutter aad Yuba
counties and already over a dozen cow
and horses have died after being inocu
lated with the disease, -by unknown
agents. Dr. R. 8. Christ man, reterinar
ian of Yuba. City, performed an; au
topsy upon several of the dead animal
and determined the causa of death a
anthrax. It wa further developed by
his investigations that the animal had
been stabbed and the germ introduced
in that manner. The Stat and county
officers who are Investigating the
deaths are of the opinion that the same
persons are doing the inoculation in
each case as the method are identical,
the afflicted animal being (tabbed
twice to a depth of three to six inches.
The rirHt cases were reported from the
Marqoine ranch ia Butter county on
Tuesday by James Purrington, owner,
three cowa having died. On Wednes
day night three cows and a horse suc
cumbed. On Thursday night a cow on
the Nelson ranch at Live Oak was
stabbed sud on the Judge H. R. Bryant
ranch in the Hallwood district of Yuba
county seven more animals were
stabbed and inoculated.
"Posses led by tb sheriffs of both
rjnintiea are-in the" ;ftld , looking' for
the guilty persons and the office of the
state veterinarian ia Bacramento has
sent a corps of special men to the dis
trict to make a further study of the
ituation and to prevent the spread of
the disease from the animals which al
ready have been inoculated and which
may still b undiscovered. Thl i the
first time, according -to the official of
Yuba county, that it ha been definitely
determined that there ia a deliberate
inoculation of the animal ia Callfor
nia with the dread stock disease,'
, ,'; 1
i fiiin if nuiAiiT
Police Believe Rifler of Lunaliio
Tomb Also Visited That
,';-' of Puhalahua '
As yet eh Lunaliio tomb rifler ha not
been identified by the police who are
following up. varlou clues, but they
are clinging to the belief that Bfauff
kofsky, the' Russian now held for in
vestigation, had a hand in it, as he
wa the bn who formerly robbed the
poor boxes in various churches, includ
ing the on at Kawaiahao Church and
for which he served a prison sentence.
Chief McDuflle ' hss gone over the
LiMinlil tomb ysrdi wijb a fine toot Wed
comb to find evidence of Bhnffkofsky'
presence there and the police believe
they wlfl have tangible evidence to
connect him with the vandalism of not
alone the Lunaliio tomh but of the
tomb of Puhalahua.
Evidence Accumulating
Bhuffkofaky wa aeen near the church
yard th day of the robbery and it is
said that he asked many pertinent ques
tion concerning the tomb. In addi
tion,' he i said to have told an inti
mate that he was about to do some
thing which might send him to prison
'gain. It 1 significant that a) both
tomb th robber did not Use matches,
pointing to the theory that he used a
searchlight. . Bhuffkofsky - owned . a
searchlight and this cannot now be
found. Furthermore, he. visited
friend on Tuesday night who. lives
within a stone' throw of the tomb,
although his owa room are ia another
locality. . .... "'.
Rev. Henry . Parker, ' who hat been
pastor of Kawaiahao -Church for more
than half a erntufy .says that to th
best of his recollection the Puhalahua
tomb has not been opened ia that time
for the interment of person other than
those who reposed ia the caskets which
were all broken into on two separate
occasion within the week ending last
Tuesday night. It is said that in ad
dition to the ashes of Puhalahua being
la . the tomb, the casket containing
those of Kaikinahaole, a well known
Hawaiian cf Kamehameha III' time
were also there. - They were wealthy
Hawaiian of that early period of Ha
waii's history, Puhalahua having left
a large amount of his property to the
late Princes Pauahi Bishop.
: ' - n ' .
What is believed to be. the Jargest
ono ever taken in local water with
regulation tackle was landed by John
Fleming while fishing off Kahoolawe,
October 5'.'.. . v. ''. ,
The fish, which wa . taken .'with a
feather bait,, measured slxty-pne inches
long and weighed' forty -'nine ' and one
half pounds. It was weighed ten hours
after being gaffed in two place and
when a great deal of blood had drained
out of it, otherwise it is believed that
the ono would have tipped the beam at
several pound more,
Fleming wa fishing from D. L. Flem
ing's sampan when h e aught the big
ono, and on the same day J. A. Balch,
fishing with a spoon, caught a Hawaiiau
salmon over three feet long. This flsb,
which has not yet been classified, ap
pear to be getting commoner ia these
waters than wa tb ess a few year
ago. This is. the first instant on rec
ord .of such a fish having been caught
with regulation tackle in th water.
Donations' For Week Gain Five
Hundred Dollars Over Those .
of Wee, Preceding
Increase of 500 were made In the
Red Cross contribution last week, an
encouraging fact for the Red Cross
leaders, who hope to see the contribu
tion coming in more aad more freely
each week. The" need i growing on
taatly as ,the cold weather set in
abroad and a the almost daily offen
sive movement of the Allies take toll
of wounded. These men are. fighting
our battles, and our share in helping
them may , well be to strengthen the
healing hand of the Bed Cross reach
ed out to them.
The donors for the week ending No
vember 3 included:
M. B. Healy $ 1.00
F. G. Bull 1-00
Mary Persia Winue 8.00
Wan. C. Parke , 5.00
Kaumakapiti Intermediate So
ciety 6.00
Helanl Congregational Church 2.00
Helani Hunday Hchooi 2.00
Helanl Christian- Endeavor So-
ciety 2.00
Friend 3.00
A. t E. Club 8.0
John Joseph 1. 00
E. C. Atherton 100.00
Jitney Hervice Car No. 3022
Robert Htcver 5.20
Alexander It Baldwin Em-
ployes 4.25
Martha B. Hitchcock 1.00
Miss Bernice Cook... 1.50
Mr. and Mr. Chas. H. Ather
ton 100.00
Maui Agricultural Co 500.00
Hawaiian Sugar Co. 500.00
McBryde Sugar Co 100.00
Kahuku Plantation Co 75.00
Alexander k Baldwin, Ltd.... 100.00
Friend . . 10.00
H. Hnekfeld Co.. . 409.00
Ewa Plantation Co. Employe 1.10.00
Harriet L. Green ..." 10.00
Hawaiian Fertiliser Co 100.00
Teacher of the Normal and
Training School . 8.50
W. K. Castle 75.00
Mr. W. R. Castle... - 75.00
atrice Castle . 40.00
w. Gibsoa 10.00
Mrs. J. B. Gibson.; 10.00
MCabe, Hamilton , k- Beany
Co., Ltd. . , , 50.00
Office force of McC, H. k B.
Co.i Ltd. 24.00
Trent Trust Co 50.00
Jitney Service Car No, 21,
Robert R. Cotton. ........ .
Geo. It Brown .
John li Estate . ...
Friends ..... ., . ,
Mr. N. L. D. Eraser
Nina J. Adam
Julia White Brown.
W, A May
Lee l.up k Co
a kV L m
a. n. nanrora . t ,a . , ,
Fraaccs Lawrence . ,
Guests of the Court land Hotel
Albert McGurn
Charles Oio
,.. 2,015.13
It may he impossible to prevent an
accident, but it is net impossible to be
prepared for it. Chumberlala ' Pain
Balm is not beyond anyone' purse, and
with a bottle of this liniment vou are
prepared for most anything. For sale
by all dealers, Bensnq, Smith k Co.,'
Ltd. Agt. for Hawaii. Advertisement.
Big Catches Are Made" From
Piers Where Many Persons Stay
n rsignt ror rooa ana sport
:.' Fair fih,ing continues to be enjoyerl
ia the harbor and yesterday afternoon
and last bight every wharf and pier
head had Its baud of fishermen, chiefly
Chinese boy aad a few Hawaiian and
Japanese and Filipinos, though severs I
Russians were operating with rod and
line. '; ; . - , .
While therare plenty of mullet in
the harbor they have not been taking
hold at all well lately; indeed, he few
which have been caught have been
taken with floated line, the baited
hooks of which are kept practically on
the- surface. Schools of the fish are to
be seen every dayplaying near the
wi -tint the bread bait of the an.
gler doesn't, for some reason or ot,her,
The aluiaua, little fed nh, which
came Into the harbor in .counties num
bers nearly two month ago, and which
for a time drew hundred of fishermen
to the-wharves, are (till in the harbor
nil Miwl tkM aM-.ttMA 4a i. .J
' - . - - ivuilUMV , V llJ umuff
every night. A favorite (pot for fish"
ermen if the long uncompleted wharf.
running at rignt angle to 1'ier 7 to
a point off tha font of Fort Street.
Here of a night gather score of men
and women to ' iUb. until the sua
cornea up. , ....... 4 '
, A person passing along the ' new
wharf won't see a single fisherman but
will wonder where the. light comes
from which is at . close intervals re
flected on the water. -The fishermen ait
In the space . between the flooring of
the wharf and a line of heavy timbers
overhead, ' and very comfortable they
manage to make themselves. -!
A a rule a fisherman reaches the
wharf shortly before sundown and pro
ceeds - to, select blm camping-place.
He then makes a flooring of loose
boards which are lying about in quan.
. i t i mm mm A k I n It L ..n kim Ptiim , i m
wet when Jhe rain flushes the cement
flooring of the wharf. He next hunts
up a sheet or two of corrugated iron
and places it over the space between
the . timbers,' snd sometimes even eon
struct rough sides to his ' temporary"
abode which serve' to shield him from
the keen night wind.
With lignted lantern, omething to
eat and drink when be feels like it,
and a supply of tobacco, the fisherman
contrives to pass the night with a re
markable degree of com fort.
. Some of the fishermen brinj . their
wive with Ahem, and in some instances
couple have remained at the wharf
for two or three day a, the woman going
uptown for food or hot coffee when
ever such were needed.
The wharf fishermen a a rule are
very poor people to whom a mess of
fish meons a meal 'which would in all
probability have otherwise - been gone
without. Many of ihera are' men out
of work and who flJ!i ia order to pass
the time away aa well as for the pur.
pose of ' securing something to eat.
So well have the little fish been biting
during the past few day that catches
of half a flour sack full between sun
set and sunrise have not been uncom
mon. . Small moi have also been biting
well in the harbor during the recent
moonlit evenings.; ,
One Hawaiian who fishes from the
new wharf nearly every night makes
a specialty of hammerhead sharks, .and
hardly a night paases that he doesa't
catch from two to six Of these grotes
que looking fish, which sell readily in
the fishmarket ' at twenty-five cents
each, and which weigh from three to
five pound.
A a rule the hammerheads are taken
by allowing the bait to lie ou the bot
tom. The Hawaiian fisherman in ques
tion pursues different tactics, how
ever. He ties a quantity of rotten fish
in a piece of cloth which he tie to
a line and allow to sink a few feet
below the surface. Presently the
' shaewef -attracted by the scent of the
fish, come to the surface and when the
fisherman sees them by the light of his
lantern, he throws out a stout line to
which is Attached a large hook baited
with meat or fish, whichyis, as a rule,
instantly seised.
When the. first shark is caught the
fisherman ties a line about its body
and allows it to swim about. Its pres
ence attracts other sharks, who swim
around it either through curiosity or
perhaps with the idea of rendering as
sistance to their comrade in trouble.
Sometimes a common shark comes
cruising along the wharf in search of
food. This wa tha rase at Pier 15 a
few nights ago,- when a fisherman had
a large white eel which he was pnlling
in stolen from bis line by a live-foot,
shark.. ..'::
. The twenty-three United States sen
ators snd congressmen who are on tbs
way to Honolulu at. the invitation of
toe 'Territory of Hawaii, have saved
themselves. $10 apiece by forethought,
say raaiuland advices.
The round trip fare tfor each mem
ber, including .Inter-Islajid fares, aver
ages, fl'OO. Tb war tax oa these
fare, is eight percent. When the or
ders went out for the tickets, to each
was attached a slip stating that the
ticket would be free from war taxes,
as the purchaser was traveling on gov
ernment business.
The wsr tax bill exempts those on
such a mission.
Mrs. Sam Kaeo was taken to th
emergency hospital yesterday after
noon sufferinn from un Incised wound
in her right thigh just. above the knee,
in which a stitch bad to be takes.
The woman snid she had been cut
ullu. a broken bottle by a Hawaiian
man. .

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