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r HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 23,- 1917, SEMI-WEEKLY, ' '; . - " ',t', ,-, - j mm
n ii i j.
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Chief Cause:of Complaint Appears To Be That) Not AR labor Is
; - Allowed To Participate In Full Bonus fayments Under Twenty
and Fifteen-Day . Regulations
, Thimuadi in the I4andi r Inter
. t4cl th Truests tht h hwi
mitde j upon the ugr ptnntrr. for
Iiighe'r agn or ehaayr la th'bonuk
yitm. ThrM ' requMtti were frame.'
nail (rMnted by amociiition of J
anpav formed ia thi city and literwpt
- nil hre holder lo' Hawaiian planta
tion equally they do the 'laborer.
They talte the form of reqnewt mtliti
thaa ylontaad and were m follow;
"The cry for art increase in the
wage for -the plantation laborers ia
Hawaii hai been heard for eome time
. ainre. ' It ha gained It forte more an I
more i nee July thia year. If It be
left, without any mediation, it i be
yoni oor roneeption to tell where H
. will end. The eloud 'oa the'borhton of
the Hawaiian labor world is -dark a. id
' threateninjr. The, publie minded' men
of the Japanese eommqnlty ln' Hawaii,
seeing this .and hoping to find some
'-suitable means to meet the- situatior.
Organized in the WontV of September
the i. associatioa on hlirber - wafe ques
tion It has conducted a thorongh in-
etiKatlort eonceminjj the varions as
pect of the question, and after several
n&reful eonsnltations lias fi.nad thre U
- Jeeesity of higher "wages' to Tlsnttios
laborers. Accordingly, the association
present It finding a follows and re-
' iaests -f or the approval of the Hawai
ian Sugar Planters' Association'.:'';;
General Price Advance
'The great European war has af
fected all branches ' of homaa activ-
. itiet and especially 'has advanced the
' price (of daily necessities throughout the
world. ' Hawaii eould not escape, from
, this worldwide tendency. 1 Moreover.
the insufficiency of shipping 'faeilitie
baa precipitated the advances in Ha
waii. "Tnis'ia admitted.' by' every per
son. "'.'.". .
' la order to ascertain' what ' effect
the' present .'advanced price has work-,
ed to Japaaesfe plantation., laborers,
1!ils nsweiatidn has investijrated the re
nt, prie in fflantations or forty-Bve
artich.'onsumed daily by Japanese
laltorers; Aeeordibs; to the reports re
T 'teived from, thirty different plantations,
.', , durinft the period from May, 1916, when
amoadment of the, rate of the, bonus
was made, to the present time, October,
1917," the prices 'of those enumerated
articles have advanced ia average 62.3
percent, the highest advance being 111.4
J tereant and the lowest 34 percent,- The
' .effect such a (rreat advance implies can
. not be said to be larignifleaat. - ..
Iacreased Living Costa ". :
'"Such radical advance of the general
t rices aeeessnrily resulted in a striking
increase of . laborers ' cost of living.
;' According to the investigation of this
. ussoeiation, Tefenlag -te the actual lif
of laborers 1 a plantation,' he amount'
of cost of living for one month is as
' follows:' ' ;
r J'l. Wagle laborer. t4.t average
fijiure for forty-three plantaioni;
. . 42.v Family With two children. 46.
C2 .average fig A for thirty-aix planta
' tions; . .
' Family with three children. 52.-
36 average figure for tblrty-one planta
tions, i i
. Laborers' Income
' '."Looking into the earning of plan
; . taction laborers, this ' association has
fonnd'that the earnings- of ordinary
' laborers rtnge. between $20 and i2i a
month: There are still some laborers
who are Working for the minimum we
of a'JO a month. Of course, the Bonus
,' Hystem provides an eitrS income for
such laborers. However; those who are
not covered by. the bonus are not abls
td pay their 'increased cost of living
' Nceaaltyf Higher Wages
- ' "The 'wages of laborer in it mini
mma ''rourt "be sufHcient 'e pay their
' -eo'itt of living besides having a mod
' erate surplus. This is especially so where
luborer have familes to aupport.
' '' Now,-, how- can laborers secure a
deeenl living with their present scantv
. wawesl According' to" lie' Tigurea ob
, tnined by our investigation, it i a plain
fa'et'tkat laborers are under great
, pressure inltbetr living on acsount'of
- their requirements beyond their earn
. i ings.? This- is admitted by all persons
' acquainted with' real condition la the
- yilantation. Then', where lies the remedy
- for' their miserable' sit jationt Tkere it
- no other way than to raise their wages.
It is a proper' step for the capitalist
. to take at this time to make at least
' rals of w)s eerresnoadisg 'to the
rise in general prices.'
Profit of Planter! ; .
."0 th other hand, the price of
sugar has made.unpreeeilcntedly great
'advances In reernt year and conse
; 4 qneatly it ia evident that the profit of
the planters baa increased extraordinary
1 ily. Although -a new war income sor
ted is -imposed upon corporations, it ia
'' . levied , upon the net profit earned over
. and above- the erdinsrr profit oa ac
count of the war. Therefore, the im
position of the ta itself show the
Brest' -profit t the sugar Industry, Thi
association believes that t is l.arurn!
duty of tUe- planters to distrjliute a
- part fcf trlr hriire proi to tiieir laborers.
Bcmne and Hlgbsr Wages "
"The. present bonus system adonte l
bj"tne plnnter'sassoeitibn is in fact
, a 'sort "t 'hitfher iwngs provision.-ThS
', - rate of boiiits for (Ms yenr hn reached
to ' seventy eiht ' percent wf "actual
wage earned by luborer according to
the aauouncemeut made, and it merit
ntna Dntu r. u.EARLiI
Ui: 'U!: -v..-' j n,j ;:li).v.;
and ; Continuance.: For: Year r in
1 probably not a small one. Accord
ingly it soetris that with payment of the
bonus laborers can toeet their' increased
eost of living. There are, however,
several restriction, to the application
of the bonus system." Namely, unless
laborers work twenty days, In ease "f
en,, during a month, and unless. their
regular wnge is noi more in in r- per
month, and further 'inlcs tl.iv continue
to 'work' on the same plantation until
ther end Of a bouna year, they are not
to 'participate is the boons. Conse
quently, many laborers who do not eome
under, these- restricted 'condition -for
some reason' or othftr, arer not in a con
dition to sustain a severe pressure, on
tbeif livings ''; :'''.;
"On the whole, ., the present ' bonus
system is a diseriminato" method of
laborers' treahaent. Observed from
iae soie sianapoi- ot an encourage,
ment of laborers' diligence the system
is evidently nothing but. a perfect one.
It Is true, however,, that it ,M not be
taken a a method giving all laborers
a higher wage aa this -association re
quests.' ' '" .'-'.' ,v
EeoTiesta of Association '
"On; the foregoing grounds, this as
sociation ' present . the following- re
qnests to the Hawaiian Hugar Planters'
Assnrrationt ' '
. 'M.' . Corresponding to' the"' increase
of the eost of living of the-plantation
laborer, a proper method ' of higher
wwges shall be adapted.' .
''ff. . If the nrswst hnnsi tvitms Is
desired, ' to atand . for such : universal '
higher - wages, the' following ' amend
ments' to the system shall be made. '
"a. The restriction on the-number
of ' work-days 'and 'on the amount ' of
wages to participate ia the bonus shall
be repealed.'. . ,.' , 1 ,' -
"b. A - reasonable bonus shall i be
given to- laborers -who ore not able te
eontinne to work on the same planta
tion until the end of a bonus year, oa
account of Cither accident, illness, msr-
A , -"-'?"r';1
"3. There are a- large number of
married laborers suffering for a living
on account of the.lnabllity' of "their
wives to work because of being called
for csre of .their children. Therefore,
as th necessary remedy for, these la
borers one or more adequately provided
children's homes shsll be erected ' in
each plantation. .'','
' "IS conclusion, this association hopes
that' the Hawaiian Hugar Planters' As
sociation will give a generous considera
tion to the foregoinff and will grant
the above requests.''' , , - i,
'if ' -
Merely An Agreement To Buy Up
' ,",To a Certain Amount If ON .
f ered To American Refinery
New lights are thrown upon the' re
ported sale of 100,000 tops of Louisiana,
sugar to. the American Sugar Refining
Company and the later reported can
cellation of h.lf of the sale through in
ability to deliver by the last issue of
the Louisiana Planter 'to be received
here. , It would appear that there' was
no direct contract fos purchase and
sale made but that there was merely an
understanding. In part the v article
The' Louaiana Planter i baa' received
the following telegram from Mr. C, A.
" American members of International
Bugar Committee of Feod Administra
tion state that Louisiana . committee
who arranged with Amertcnn Sugar Be
fining Company for the sale of one hun
dred thousand to us desired only to treat
with the American Sugar Bufining Com
pany, and for that reason , no refiner
but Mr. Babst waa bidden to th con
ference held at Washington., Can you
ascertain if this is a fact and. that
Louisiana planters - do not - wish . . to
trade with any '. but th ugs -trust
which seems almost incredible? .'An a
swer by .'wire at my expense would be
lunch appreciated." (
" To this telegram we have replied as
'..".Vour wir received. Special inf
quiry made since receipt of your tele
gram confirms our previous understand
iug that , 'no contract ' for sale of- hun
dred thousand tons was entered . into
with the American, but the conference
merely obtained from Babst agreement
to take that amount if tendered him at
price stated ami individual acceptance
from planters are uow beiug arranged
for, other refiners haviugi equal privi
lege of 'partluipating in the. purchase
if they will ask it. W hear Colonial
has ouiy taken a lurge amount of Louis
iana raw uuar ami presume you bay
equal privilege if yon- want sugar.' t'aa
obtain ' no explanation - why . you . were
not invited to I'uuferenre, lowry teeiut
to be unpopular." .
a GOES TO KEKAHA ' r
. - Max ltUv.. formerly, J iyii keeper ' nt
Kilauwn I'luniutiou bus gose to Kekabil
to take a 'position' utf' usKistatit book
keeper, . '
' ' ' .- .- - ' V r
Planters Will Give New York Onfy
I About a Fourth of What Was
Asked and Are Bitter. Against
; Sugar. Commissions, .
j NtW ORLEANS, November 10Dis
splHiinting results ns to yield etntinuu
te be reported from' the Louisiana su
gar district. The weather ha been
,lhitwutitdtv Hn -. nA in
thi, r t i(,'a, for thf roM.nstit j
, frf grinding operations, but the drought
o( the summer and early fall and the
recent frees have done their work
and we see.no reason to dispute the
generally prevalent opinion that tlM
lxuislnnaaugftr output this yenr will
not go over 200 ,00(-tons. . -,
,' The. United Htntes govemment( bn
frail of crop estimates issued a cane
crop report on November. Pth giving
the eane crop condition on November
1st ns sixty-seven percent of a normal
or full erop, as compared with 81 ppr-
r,Mi with . r, of eighty four
. ' nt for th, p.gthtell ' Last
i , fB. tota, out-,ut of , , ,
) 1, , .. n,-i,.i. Snnnr.rt
ana w-as approximately .101,000 ton.
. thr,. ,r0D a sittyn-even . per
est crop would 'be some 21 fi,K) tons.
Thee ral-Hiutions lire of coii'se incon
clusive beernse so much mnr b'tpi tn t't
mar a crop after November 1st, 'and
they do not take into ueeonnt the yield
of 'the eane in anpar. As this is ex
traordinarily low this yenr the figure
we have deduced of 216,000 tons i sub'
Jeet to a heavy'discount.
i lAst week ended with the sugar pro--duaers
patriotically endeavoring to give
100,000 tons of raw sugar to the na
tional reflnfers tinder an unwritten
agreemeut with the sugar price regula
tors that : Louisiana washed ''mighrs'
would be permitted to be sold up to
the standard granulated priee, and lhls
week finds the Louisiana sugar indus
try thoroughly disgusted at the right
about face executed by these price
regulators which "rescinded this 'under
stood ' washed sugars selling arrange
ment, except as regards plantation
grannlated sugars which can be sold
up to the refiner ' price, which refiner'
price was thereupon summarily reduce
L. . .v ..... ...
i J v Yh. iT.;;-
propositioa at this time the reducers
have no sugar to sell anyway.
The New York refiners are hieky, in
deed. that they hdve been able to get
any sugar at all. And 25.0IM tons
of raw sugar is wkst they will get and
very little more, although the American
Hugar Befining -Company was said to
be in the market kt New Orleans buy-
i ing up raws-on the open msrket just
like Henderson and the Colonial re
fineries have been doing for some time.'
Meantime many who had agreed to sac
rifice their -crop, practically, by mak
ing raws wben they hsve been making
Washed sugars always in ' the seasons
gone by, simply to help an' admittedly
tight national sugsr situation, have re
torted in kind to the improper .treat"
ment of the sugar control body and re
fused to sign up on the Babst agree
ment for 100,000 ton of raw. '
At the same time the Louisiana su
gar producers are considering the per
sonnel of the sugar control commission
and wondering how they were ever so
foolish as to have been even temporar
ily hoodwinked by its maneuverlngs.
There is hardly one signer, in the 25,
000 tons subscribed who is not a pnrery
teat sugar producer. Almost all of the
Washed sugar men who were going to
make some test sugar simply to 'show
their supreme good will, are oul of the
agreement for good and all,' What i
the difference anyway, these men aay,'
between letting the Louisiana producers
supply the sugar-famished district of
the I'nited Htates and letting the' refin
ers do this with Louisiana sugars! The
people of the I'nited Htstes now want
sugar and they ore not a bit concerned
with what kind, provided that -the su
gar is good sugar that they get. vs :
- Prominent sugar men sny that the re
finers are the masters of tho national
sugar situstioa-by virtue of their ap
pointment by the national food conser
vationists, and by the government of
the I'nited States, and the sugar pro
ducers of tjie United Htates, hjr vlrtuq
of this same exercise of authority, bav
been aecorded the privilege of being
their governmentnlly-ordaiued -werfs.-
Tb production 'of sugar during) the
pest two weeks was not very large.
Though cold weather interrupted faer
tory work everywhere the labor
rs were put into the' fields to windrow;
This- interruption due to ttii aause. wai
general. - -. -
SEVERAL CHANGES MADE
Several Unvortaiit. thfliiges are jreport
ed at the plaiitatioa of the Hawaiian
Sugar t'ompauy. II. Truscott, who has
long been suerintehdent rs, it is re
(wrteil soon to leave. He ha not ao-UOUUi-e
I his future plans.
It i said that six other white; 'cut-ploye-
have left or are soon to leave.
. The Xalioiml Kood (,'ouimuisiou lia
put beet mill cune sugur ou the same
basis, iiiukiug uo differential Wtweeu
th (no. considering them ns bhving
li same purity. Beet augar ha nJ
nays had a fight to get ou the Vvel
with cane, and it, may have been .'"
jo the lirt . experiments with tieefs,
luch i.flcii left a renidiie iu the sugof
due to iuiwrfeet refilling met hods' and
"prejudice followed iu the' wake of
beet sujjnr for a long while. ''.-''
Anntial Meeting Which Will Open
; ; a Weelr From Monday Will
. Be Full of Importance ;
SHIPPING, WAGES: AND .' V' '
! ; ..BONUS Q3ESTI0NS UP
Homesteading' and Renewal of
Y Leases'WilUllso Likely Come -Under,
When th Hawaiian Sugar Planters'
Association ' meets week from next
Monday theTe will be awaiting it con
sideration thi subject of more then
ordinary, importance.' It ' is probable
that the' program -will 'be' about as in
former' years although, it is possible
that sOme committee '- reports that
have heretofore been crowded bak so
thst they were not resd in convention
may, be advanced oa the program- so as
to avoid such occurrence this ycaf and
that if ny do have t be onrltted it
wil, be some of those .which have not
been so omitted in previous years.
-. Report wdiich may-be expected "to
be taken op early in the coming' con
vention will cover three of the more
sertoul problems which will be before
the 'annual meeting of the planters,
These will be shipping facilities, wagea
and proposed ! changes in the- bonus
system. In the latter onneetion it is
probable that the requests recently re
ceived from the Japanese Higher Wage
Question 1 ' Association ' and which isl
printed in full on this psge, will be
given consideration.' ' , ' .' , '
Shipping and rorUUter
i hipping and wagos are probably the
host import a at of the problem. of the
planteri thia year. - They have other
problems, as well, and' some of these
grew TrOnt the' shipping shortage. . One
of -these, is the obtaining of nitrates,
an absolute essential for the success
of the crop here. It was said yester
day by a member of the Association
that without the required fertiliser Ha
waii' would produno only about 200,000
tons of sugar instead of about flOO.OOO.
As it is quotation on fertilizer have
rise) ninety percent, and there is no
assqrance that it will be obtainable
even at those figures. ;
Wags and Bonuses
The labor 'problem ' will - present - its
own difficulties.''' A hard aad fast rule
for all the plantations which would
increase either wages or amount paid
in' bonus or both would; be 'an impos
sible bnrden for 'some of the smaller
and loss successful plantation to bear.1
What the larger and more prosperous
plantations might do would be im-'
possibilities fort lism 'fortunate1-' toner
and if some should have one cale and
others another it would be. impossible
for those which, were unable to meet
the higher figures to secure labor.' "
Leases and Homestoading '
Still another subjevt which may eome
before the meeting at one of its ses
sions is that of homesteading, changos
in land . laws and leases and renewals
of . leases which have come in for ' so
much' attention from the congressional
party on. its visit here, Loss of leased
lands or failure to secure renewals as
the leases expire would be ' a serious
blow to several of the plantations. '.
The coming session 1 certain to be
eft important one and full of vital in
terest to the Islands at, affecting it
most important industry and the con
sequent general prosperity of the terri
tory. ;. , " ' -
.',..-:... -! ' " :,
PaVments Are Nineteen Percent
? tess Than . In , Year ; When ,
?: War Taxes Had Not Come.
Onoroea Sugli' Compaaya dividend
for the year 117 Will be thlrtyiix per
cent as against fifty:fiye percent paid
in ' JBlfl. Under date r of Wednesday
notice 1ia been sent to the, Honolulu
Stock , and , Bond exchange that' this
eompaay will pay an extra dividend of
three pereent in addition to the- rcgulai1
monthly to percent on Dec,embef 20,
pr si a share: This will bring jthe di
vidend imyment or: the year -up. to
thlrty ix percent. ' I'aymont for tUe
year amount to 540,000. . ,'". ; ..' ,
' From the' dividend announcement, of
Onomea can be judged what may be
expected from other companies also a
result ' of the' higher tass,'' liigher
Coat and generally increased lexpeaae
oi prouueuon. ' t v ,
' Tlie'Hiin.luWg tMa!l,! ot Australia,
recently devoted .a 1 long article to
"mixed farming" a Ibey call it there,
which we label "diversified farming"
In our lund. Th writer give informa
tion whereby such crop eould be ptanrf
ed that would give speedy, return, and
which would reimburse such men Who
hsve failed at tiniea with tho cane crop.
It WrLuimcd that Burnett coastal land
Ste particularly, adapted to" cane pro
duction, but that mixed farming would
(irllig an nif pf eontentiiieiit aud pros
perity even fu that hcciiiu been use such
farming is well bu In need aud forma iu
etrcllent defense when one part of the
flnaucial rumparts breaks 'dowu. '
NEXT" CUBAN' CROP
EQUAL OHB OF 1916
tstimate- t Likely To Be Ex-
xeeded, Unless -.Dry , Weather
Cornea-; President Menocal
Fixes Raw Price At Four Sev-
fenty-fiveV'';;;; ' ';'. y
Kafns' have' been lighter during the
week and" the dry weather is hinder
ing growth of the eane in tome local
itiee, II. O. ' Neville, writes' to . Facts
about sugar from' Havana snder date
of November 2.' - Weather conditions
nr otherwise "favorable. ' President
Menocal has 'decreed the, following su
gar price:.; Refined, ,l,who1r sale 755
cents, retail B:50; rBwr wholesale 4.75
cents,; retail 5.7.3,, " The. strike on. the
Cuba .railroad has been settled , No
mills arO .grinding. Receipt at ports
for he week onding October 27 are 533
tons; .exports, .13,739 tons; Mocks, 43,
139s tons. '.": - ;.'.. ..f '. .
Grinding of the old crops is now at
stt fend,' the last 'central, Santa Lucia,
haing stopped October .22 wltb a total
outturn 'of 338,421, bag. ; .V.
The Corning Crop Ontlook , C, V '; '
' ,Te: .unusual, statistical position of
tugar the United States and th) need
of large supplies for our Allies, leads
great interest to- the 'question of . the
tinkntity-of sugsr 'to be produced- in
Cnba 's -coming crop.- ' Preliminary esti
mates.' '.based, however, largely upon
conditions existing -only over - limited
arena,, have been made of crop about
aa larger- as was that of about
3,367,000 tons, but unless the dry weath
er of .the early-strmmr ia Matanxas,
Sdnta Clara. and Caraaguey. provinces
has. hurt the'esne more serionsiy than
reports thaw-, the crop should exceed
thie estimate, . provided labor Can be
found to harvest it all, and difficulties
do ;not" occur in the mills4 to prevent
its being' ground. The cane in 'the
fields that were burned over in Oriente
and Camaguey provinces during the re
volt of last spring was to a large ex
tent entirely . lost. '.'These fields have
Of course suffered from neglect, but the
eane' stubble did not die, and in the
msm hs been -cleanfd -and tended so
that it will produce ft r0r;this searon'.
Menv'new p'antings in the east were
similarly neglected, and some of these
fields-, wilt, prove a-complete loaa, but
others will give returns; and' while
anxiety was felt by the planters even
in the western psrt of the island' not
directly affected by the disturbances,
planting continued and the old fields
were cared for. ...:,'.' .'.'',
', The supply of laborer for field work
is gradually ' increasing, but not with
the rapidity Of former, years.' Only a
relatively, small percentage of the an
imal cane crop .of Orb, is cut and han
dled by foreign labor, but -the peculiar
character of the native Cuban and bis
indifference to the needs of the morrow
cause him to work only to obtain tbat
which is immediately needed, so that if
be csn fill these wants with tho work
Of two days in! each week,, he will re
main idle during then remaining five.
The higher wages now being paid for
all kinds of work ' are! encouraging this
tendency, with the result that the augar
growers this year 'Will Jbsive more need
for the imported laboret then ever. '
Lack of Mechnlc( "" ';
The improving, situation as regard
field labor is not reflected in the mill'
themselves, where skilled mechanics are
needed. It is rcportied ' that there) in' a
quiet but constant flow of this higher
class labor from Cuba to the United
States,' where, shorter hours, snore con-,
genial surrounding, and better pay can
be hadJ - ,-.
The ktrike situation among the me
chanic of Santa Clara and Camaguey
provinces shows little, change,'. The men
at Jugueysl and Fran'ciaco have return
ed to .work, but in the other mlllt af
fected the are" still out. , ",-' : ,'. '
i , The i pint ft unret 'appear" lo be
Shared by the dock laborera of Havana,
a their aeeretary gave out, to the press
tome day ego a manifeatei in which, it
wa stated that th wages agreed upon
when -the spring strike was settled were
proving too- small to provide for the
needs dn' tu th Continued Increase, in
the cost of food and other articles, and
that the relief that they bad hoped to
obtain -from.' the higher wage f iked for
overtime bad n,ot materialized. A dif
ferent arrangement must be effected, it
wus declneeii, or a -strike-, would.-., be
called. . ;,".' -. 1 ' x. ' - '
American Boidlert'Landsd' ' , ,
.The landing pf American soldier
"for Indefinite (BtrfyV, at Santiago de
Cnba, Ouantauamo and iCamaguey has
caused ' considerable " comment. Just
what causeti the action at this time is
not known; ostensibly it. is merely fof
the "purpose of giving . the men the
training acquired only id actual -camp.
Many, however,' prof ess to tee beneath
the surface a determination on' the part
of the United State's 'government' that
nothing shall prevent, the peaceful bat
venting of the sugar crop.
,,. " ' '; :
NEW SUGAR FREIGHT RATE
WASHINGTON, November l.VThe
Interstate Coniisevce Commission hat
made an 'order permitting the Louis
ville and Nashville and connecting rail'
roads td put into. effect rate of 21
'fceut pe - KKI" pounds',' on ugat, beet,
pr am-, raw, in single' bag or barrels,
tf ft minimum 'tiai'loait'Weight of 110,000
pdund; from 'New Orleans, to Savkn
nu Tho lie rate Will apply nntll May
1, IUlb. ' .-.?. ;.' .' ... -.,,',
III I II A .11 I
lllUIIL:.bUIL IIIJ..: Uil
' . V'', star- . -f ' '- - 1$ At
Little Is Available and People Are Glad To Buy What Unrefined Is
Offered to Thern At Ten. Cents a 'PounoV-Hawalian? Shippers
' , Get Six Ninety: Fronr Refiners,! ;: ;' - V; ::J
e- a.- ' . l
Chaotic ronditiont in the sugar mar
ket in New York are reported to a lo
cal agency here by ita New1 York cor
respondent '.in two' letter, recently re
ceived. The shortage ia more1 acute
than ever.' Sugar can hardly be bought
at retail. , A wholesale bouse undertook
to supply public needs in twenty-five
pound lots but me-supply gave out ana
there Wet Mill long lines of waiters
when the' doors were Closed. -The at
tempt was not renewed next day for
fear of a riot. "? : . .
In New York bouscaeepers are glad
to get unrefined sugar at ten cent a
pound and. that in limited .quantities.
This sugar is nothing like so good in
purity and appearance as is our wasnetl
lugar iu Hawaii. .. ; ;.'- y '
Hawaiian .. sugar '"arriving" in New
York: is being-taken at 0.90 cents a
pound. '..' '
Failure of the Louisiana crop, slow
arrivals, of the beet sngar crop' anil
freitfbt and weather conditions have
given the sugar commission tremendous '
prouiema ami pin it in uau iini whp
the consuming public, ;,-.' ,-',- (
Under date of November 10 the New
York correspondent taytt '. '; '.
Famine Mora Aento . ,
We are. still Waiting for something
to turn up.. The sugar famiae here is
now ' more serious 'than ever. "Those
who "were farseetog enough to lay in a
few pounds in excess of their immediate
needs are beginning to worry for' the
press is full of dire forebodings' to the
effect that it Will W months before su
gar ran again become plentiful -if then.
Those who" faithfully followed the ad
vice of prominent men in the business
and bought for immediate requirement
only are wroth and Will not be comforted.-
Those who can only at beet buy
by the pound or two at a time are say
ing some very cutting things about the
food controllers, - who promised to save
thorn a certain number of -millions in
the aggregate but cannot furnish sugar
at any price. '.,'.' "'.-'"
. "But for the release of a few thou
sand tons-that wa intended for fxpert
the situation would be. worse than it is.
The Louisiana crop aa result of a tor
cession of freezes is now-being estimat
ed at 200,000 tons.' The 1eet sugar that
was to relievo the stringency in ' the
Eastern States 'is nowher in. evidonce
and tales of car shortage, bad weather
conditions,' scarcity 'of labor come to us
in successive waves.
In ; some' groVery : stores id New
York ee find what is called 'South
American ' Sugar selli eg at. ten cent
a pound.' Thi i nothing more or less
than Suriname and Perus - unrefined
w-hirb appear to jet by the restrictions
Of the Food Commissioners about, sell
ing prices.' Men in Jiood positions who
haveaiever bad to think about their
domestic economies before have begged
the writer to try to get 'them a few
pound of any khrd of sugar at ny old
price only to meet with a non possumus.
Hawaiian Sugar "Price :. '
."The Cuban (representatives are now
meeting the? food commissioners with a
view to fixing a price for next year's
crop ami indications are that it will be
somewhere between 4.50 and 4.73 cents
F. O. B. Cuba, The official basis for
arrivals of Hawaiian sugars in this
territory still remains at 6.00 cents.
""Sprocket 1 competing) with the
American Sugar Befining Co. for Louiai
anas but 'nothing bnt clariflers"' is
the' slogan of these gentlemen Who prd-pose-
to make hay while the sun shines
and sell all they ran direct to the trad
which 'appear to be" glad to 'get 'the
tagar at any price witbia reason..;
i S'The commission has -formally an
nounced that It i its Intention not ta
interfere with the usual ' channels ' of
trade and that brokers 'are. to. submit
their offers of raw sugar to Mr. ' Mott
who is the official bnyer for all of the
AMies.' - ,;';;,- :'-
. ; Jn- hia previous letter under date of
November S the writer said; v
"Yet another week 'hat gone by but
the solution of the question' of out
sugar supply is yet afar off.' Rumors
of sales of Cubat ' to refining inter
etts here at 5.87 "cents C.'t F; have
been categorically denied, - - i.
, "Last-time we wrote on this tubjecf
we' Were fillvd with vitiont of a return
to the dayt of adequate supplies, , A
cold ; douche -has , been - icneountered
since. ' , The. much' heralded sale of
Louisiana sugar to the American Sugar
Beflniag Company turn 'out to- have
had several, string to it. In the first
place the' arrangement was '. optional
with the Louisiana planters and - com
paratively few of them have agreed to
fill their quota. They -found out also
that there is a tremendous' demand for
their clarified and granulated at 8.13
cents,' net, consequently, no reason to
make and tell BO sugar at 0.35 eents,
and finally, grinding the "eane itself
reveals tbat it It low in sucrose, mush
of it green and stunted in growth on
top of which hat eome a freexo of un
usual ihtenitity, so that the crop esti
mates as already cut from 73,000 tons;
Thi morning the American has pub
lished an offer it has made to the Louis
lanisns extending the time for deliv
ery, but for reasons already stated it
is believed they will not change their
Attitude:.' 't '-. '. ..
Fro-Oertnan Work ' Sew , '
'"The beet harvest i slow nd mar
prove' to ' be unsatisfactory while ' ad"
vices' frtuu' Cuba are 'not quite' as en
conraftlng 'as they might be. There !
an element there among tu SpuiiUhi
owuert of plautaUoii'"wuicb .bat never
forgiven the United State for the in
tervention of, 1898 and thi element ia
quite willing to, lend an ear to those
who preach- that they owe nothing to
Uncle Sam.1 It is said that some-of
these owners have' tempting financial
offers to find reasons for not nkrvesting
their cane. There are also disquieting '
rnmors about strikes initiated by Span
ish laborers whose leaders have had
to be arrested- aad deported1.., '-'
"NegTTtiationl are to be Opened up
pext''week with representative! from
Cuban1 IntetestSs It it believed but bow
long'it will take to harmonise mat
ters 'remain to be seen.'- Ther were
reports that at least three centrals in'
Ciiba "had commenced operations, but
these reports, were founded on the fact ,
thar.three'.n.ills did,' turn over their
machinery ''at a test.' ,v vv
i f'Onma reports the; Cuban crop' out
turns for this year at 3,023,720 tont
against 8,000,000' tont laat year and
Himely give approximately the tamo
itr-ra.'",.-,:'.v... .v- - ' :
Benrutd"n3ar "1 '.-.;'-, ;,V-,' '" 1 "
, "Quotations for refined augar are
atftl'' nominal '' at 8.S5 cent lest two
percent; The American and National
are the only; refiner pretending to do
anything to- meet, the unprecedented
aituation. ' Last Tuesday the Federal
commenced 'to sell refined 'sugar to -all
cotaert at Its Wall Street ottiees al
lowing -a limit of twenty-five pounds
to a customer at the wholesale price of
S.3S rents less two percent, .but the de
mand wa so great that their Supply was
fleaned out in no time and long strings
of' would-be " purchasers 'were disap
pointed. They did not renew the ex
periment the, next day for fear of a
riot..' ;'.', . , .-, , .
LARSEN WILL GO TO :
i AnneAmcement that L. I). Larson
would succeed J. R. Myers as manager
of Kilauea plantation it bringing -him
enngratiilations nd best wishes from
friends and acquaintances in and out
of the-sugar-industry. "
Mr, La men has sent his whole prn
fessiohal career here,' has grown up, in
a business' sense, with the Hawaiian
tugar industry. He name to the Plant
ers' Experiment NStation here direct
from college as assistant pathologist
and b,ad risen to agriculturist.' i
Mr. Myers has done equally well with
Kilauea Plhutation. He was bead over
toer 'for two year and has been' man
ager for ten years last past.
Mr. and Mrs. Myers have been here
recently to attend the wedding pf their
niece,' Miss Loia Myers, who arrived ou
the last Matson liner, and ha married -J.
F. Hadfleld. The newlyweds have
gone to the Volcano bouse for a honey
moon' before going -to Kilauoa.
i.w' i '- i !
Two cottages and a two story frame
apartment house on Aala Lane, mauka
of. Befetania Street, were completely
destroyed by fire about ten o'clock yes
terday morning, i The Central and pal
am a fire atationt responded to the call
but the flames -raged so fiercely that
little headway could be1 made in check
ing them. The' fire is believed to have '
started from a stove in' one' of the
cottages' ' .'' ' '
" The destroyed proprty was ownd by
Bin Chu Hee and Yee Lua Kwai. . The
estimated loss is about three thousand
dollars. The property was insured for
$21100. ',-.'. . '-. '.'.. ' . ' .: '' '
' Congested conditions in, Aala-l.ne
greatly hindered the firemen in their
effort to check the flames arrd save the
adjoining' property where mainy. small
eottsges are built closely together.
Despite the smell .space in which the
Bremen were forced to work, no one
wa injured. ''-,
ASK ADMINISTRATOR ,
, -i FOR PARKE ESTATE
Three sisters of ' William-C.Wlio,
who it is -stated died without leaving
; will' November IT, and whose-estate
has. a value of $203,000, filed peti
tion yesterday iu the circuit court ask- '
ing that th Hswailan Trust cdmpaay,
Ltd., be appointed administrator. .
' ' Under' an order of court issue by
Circuit Judge C, W. Ashfprd, in con
nection with the petition,, the bearing
wa set for' Friday December 8. The
estate, the, pfetitiqn '" states', cOniiit of
leasehold, buildings, thare of stock,
Life insurance and. cash.. The three lis
ter are the Mioses Jane M. Parke and
Annie H. Parke and Mr. Bcrnie P.
Walbridge,"-', , y
.,,,.. . , . -Te. ,
Oni1 ,1'arl exchange reports that on
September 20 the tonnnge of beets per
heel nre aii 3l',W)4 kilograiAs .aud tho
sugar ' oiit put per hectare 6,014 kilo-gi-uuiN.'
Beet were' luStiii ir 15.25 tier-
reut sugar i-outvtit. ; "