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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, December 21, 1917, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1917-12-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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1 v.
VOL X, NO. 102
mm ti
Zimmerman and . Luxburfl At
V , tempted To Induce Argentine
To Secure Secret Treaty With
, h Neighbors A Q a I n 8 1 : United
- States v
Double Dealing of Hun Diplomats
. i Made Plainer and Attempts To
Bluff Recognition of War Zone
; Are Disclosed 1 r '
WASH I NGTON, December
21 (Associated Press)
How '.the German, foreign office
" and the ".German diplomats in
Soutli America intrigued to unite
v the more important South Amcr
' ican countries in hostility to the
. United States and how the Fresi
; dent 'of. Argentina, Hypolite Tri-
goyen, jsuccumlied to thej flattery
of Count .von Luxburg, are dis-
closed in a' scries of forty mes
, sages ilich passed between Doc
tor, Zimmcrmanj the then foreign
''.tninlster? of Germany, ? and the
German minister at Buenos Aires,
'which were jmade public by he
j stateNlopartmcnt yesterday.,1 -, "
JC5-ffTl;), re tiled
now Count von UUUurg induced
president. j Irigden1 "to' seek to
iring about;, a. secret agreement
between Argentina," Chile and
Bolivia, a "mutual rapproche
ment for protection against North
America." r The German minister
informed his foreign minister in
the same despatch that, he was
doing everything possible tp
bring Peru also ' into the anti
American agreement.
The correspondence published
deals largely with the efforts
made to prevent a rupture of re
lations between the Argentine
and Germany, while throughout
the instructions sent to von Lux
burg were repeated orders for all
the Germans in the Argentine to
flatter the Argentinos and their
government oflicialsand to help
in this way to retain the friend
ship of the Republic.
Plenty of evidence of the plia
bility of President Irigoyen to the
suggestions and the flattery of
von Luxburg is disclosed.' It is
shown that the President repeat
edly blocked the pro-Entente, ef
forts of his foreign secretary,
Puerreydon, and the insistence of
the latter that the rights of Ar
gentine upon the high : seas be
.The statement containing these
disclosed messages -which was
bent by1 Secretary Lansing yes
terday to the American minister
to the Argentine, for publication
in Buenos Aires, contained also
three messages not made' public
here as they deal solely with the
relations between Argentina and
Chile and Uruguay and their pub
lication might be embarrassing to
the three governments concerned.
The last message of Count yon
Luxburg to Ministert Zimmer
man, dated July 19, 1917, refers
to the growing sentiment in Ar
gentina against 'Germany and to
the probability of a break, con
cluding with these words:
"As long as Chile remains neu-
Exemption Pledges Given a
Ago Will Have to be Amended To
LONDOV, Dertmber 21 (A woe in ted 're) rie,l(jM given to Britinb UbuT
tot exemption from aetnal military terrlit win have to b materially
amended, Premier Lloyd Oeorire t pounced t the house of eommoat yea
terdny in the course of a apeech during waica he reviewed tha war ami present
military condition. -K i ..j,...- r .-.
Owing to the etigeneiee of the aitn'MMiS, tt r"R demaada that hava leen
Made, of the Allies by reaeoa of the Kuuian eollapM and armltie, enabling
lirge withdrawal of German and Aariaa troop fram the Russian front; the
reventee which were euffered. by Italy and other re-et events, men who have
Uen aeverelv wounded are now forced to on liu-k lnii ih ll4 I...
J fore they hava fully rrovered from their wonade and regnined their strengtht
j-L'tider anch eireumetanrett, the premier aaid there-la' nothing else to do bat to
Hjuruu me piea'eti or exemption which were given to laborers in 191U. .. i-
" GERMAN LAB OB XE8S XJTICIEMT f '. , ',-V... ,.
'; Oerniau workers, Lloyd George an id are only two thirds as efficient as they
were the first year of the war. This 1 'occasioned Jn part by tha blot-hade and
the preening need of food and in part by the greater whhdrawala from the ranks
of inbor to the ranks of the army. ',.; y
In the coume of his speech he st. the stamp .of his approval to state
ments recently made that the German aubmarise campaign is Wing defeated.
He deelared that tha margia of losses at sen by th U-boat campaign over the
new tonnage placed into operation by the- Allies is. growing less and ! t.hnt
Germany's hope of driving the merchent ships from the sea is doomed to drfeat.
'. He said that the Allies are sinfciug more and more of the enemy submarines
and that the building of ships is going faster and .faster ' , , ,
Turning to the land situation he said that It is idle for tho Atliet to pre
tt n.l that all of their hopes for sucresHes of Jh troop have been realized.' He
id, that failure to realize these hopes, i largely, due to the collapse of Russia
one ot the Allies.'.. ... ' .,- .,. . ( ,. 1
tral, Germany will be able, after
the, war i to . continue and carry
out her South American policy
just, as well, if not more easily in
opposition to this infatuated and
misguided Afjcutina, than if Ar
gentina remained on 'our. side.' '(;
' ' 'rcrrtia ny n .final bid for ' peace
with,: the;.' Argentine,' yhich came
too late,; was sent to Count von
I Luxburg: by Zimmerman' on July
2i'"LTlus Was 4iespone to th
ultiinatUft. lofwarded by fLuxif.
pectedi by ' the German , naval
commanders. It was this ultima
turn which was accompanied by
LuxburgY suggestion that the
ships then en r&tite be spared, if
this' were Possible, 'and..; that
otherwise they be sunk "leaving
nd trace,"1'.. .'...': -K t.v-v
The German minister's reply
rvas to Luxburg himself, and not
to the Argentine foreign, minister
and it authorized"the former to
pledge German . respect ; for the
Argentine flag if no ; better ar
rangement could be made. Such
an arrangement was suggested.'
''Your proposal is agreed to,"
cabled Zimmerman, referring to
the matter of permitting the ships
en route to pass safely through
the blockade, "if the ArKentine
government will accept our as
surances in the following form:
Germany will agree to allow six
ships of moderate size under the
Argentine, flag to pass in safety
through the blockade and to re
turn in safety .while on their
present voyage, provided they
are not convoyed by warships of
the Entente.; Instructions are
being issued through the minis
ter of the navjr accordingly. ; '
"It is not absolutely certain
that these instructions can be
formulated and despatched to our
naval commanders at once, nor
that they ' can be given in time.
However, we will agree to pay
compensation in cash in case any I
of the ships are sunk, as we will
admit hat, the ships are consti
tutionally safe and immune, from
"In return, Argentina must
promise that in the future her
ships will keep away from the
blockaded area. Outside , 1 hat
area, Argentine ships will be' safe
provided they do not carry con
traband or undertake any enter
prises hostile to us.
"I authorise you to sign a pro-
(Continued on Page 2, Column )
VZtfc'm-The'IVfe ntfhr liri,UJSOti -Amino, io-tith,
Bee,. demanding guarantees, that fr6 -
"feviii.nw nvuiu uy i- -Thia aaaoune
Announcement Made InTokio In
dlcates Arrangement To $e-
. cure. Steel From States V
: TOKIO; Peeember S6 Hpecial . to
Hawaii (' Bhlnpo) Ahnouncenvnt . was
made toils t bvthe Tovo Klsen Kalaha
4ht . it -had -determUed to eonstraet
t.'f m t
steamships an Wsf nank-
sment would indicate
that 'noma arrangement baa beea reach
ed betiveea the . governments of the
United; States and Japaa relative to
lifting tha .embargo- on, steel for ship
eoimt ruction either entirely or in specinl
instaneea 'where the abipping would be
mado -available for United States com
merce and for commerce with the Uni
ted rJtatea, It is deemed Improbable
that the company would, make thia an
aouneement unless it felt pertain that
it Was in a position to proceed, which
would, not be the ease" if ihe embargo
remains unbroken. ' V' y :'.
; lit, announcemeots from Washing
ton 'told of the breaking (T of aego
tintiom by Japan on the plea that it
waa impossible for' the Japahese to
yield, to the demand of fhe United
States in transference of ships without
too great . saoriflee to it commerce
and commercial relations with others.
At that time Washington offlciala were
reported to have said they still felt con
fident that aa: agreement! would be
reaehed and that . negotiations would
probably . bs reopened . in1 the near
future, r v . - , ., , 7,., ,
It is believed that . som of these
ships would purely go on th Honolulu
rua... , ...,;' J;
" WASHINQTON, Docetubert 21 (As
soeiated rrej) Tha senate oniuittee
on military affaire yesterday virtually
completed its jn vest Igat ion of .the al
leged' shortage in ordnance for the
army and today will begin its investi
gation of the rlothing supply and mat
ters relating to transportation of this
and other military supplies to meet the
weeds of the meu in the training camps
ad in France. ... .
Quartermaster General Sharpe will
be called, before the committee and it
is expected .that he will be heard to
day. k ......
Contracts' for the army -antouments,
their location and their sanitarv condi
ktions win afterward betaken ui in
LONDON, . December 21 (Asso
ciated Ptbss) The engagement of
MUs Esther Cleveland, daughter of
the late President Orover Cleveland
and known u "tha White House
baby," through tha fact that alio
wm born tn the official residence of
tha American Presidents, to Captain
Bosanquet. of tha . Coldstream
Ouaids, ton of Bu Albert Bosanquet,
baa been Announced. ,
, .l h
PurportccP Outline Received In
Washington Unsatisfactory ,,.
: r To Gfeat Britain ;.
Germany Flans To Make Useof
v t Russia $0 Far As May Be
' V, Pos,s)la Indicated ". ;
WASHIN'UTpN, Ueeember Bl--( As
sociated rreeeWhnt purports to be
terms. of prnceMe be' proposed by Ger
many about ChrMmas time have beea
received here from, official sources. H
i als learned that -Oermany is pre--paring
to take? advantage of the Bol-she-Vikl
. pesos offering , by offering
these terms as a; eooater proposal.
. The terms- -wob Germany wUl offer
ate said to iacjnde the following: f ,
. 1. The fdispnsition , kf . Alsacr-Lor-raine
is to be leH t a vote by plehia-
rite of the inhabitanta of the two die-
trif-tsw :': -1 v',: - ;'-
2. Great Brilti'a la to pay for Mie
German eoleniee a bick have been taken
from Germany i Africa by. eonqaest
since the war Twgaa. ' . V t .
3. The money which BrttaHi pays
to Germnny - is te- be Used torchnbil
itdle Belgium,-. Herbia, Ruraaala and
Northern Fra nee those districts waieh
have been in posseesioa 0 Uirmany
and. Aastria. ; - ' ','.
.4. Uustilnik provinces alo'ng the Bal
tic',, the Black elrae and Itusxla are' to
be iudependeute -' ., .
.. Poland isle be Independent, uu--der
Aniftriaa sn.erainty. . t'-:
6. .The bonndnirjea of Bu mania, Mon
tenegro and BerbU are not to b! al
tered, i ' .- ".'' ; ;-v . VJ
-. -.Torkey iaifa be: left Intact. I
ti. J The issues a disarmament, free
dom of the sens had commerce ore to
be. left, for diHiiositioa to. the pence
conference. :,V. . :- . .' ...
BHUi Hot BaUsfled ; v "'' i 1
' Premier Lloyd Ueorgty. speaking! in
the houitd of commons ia Iondon elfar
ly indicated these, terms would bo un
sHiifair t.tias-Britain wheir i
INwlutt.l -wine he said that ihe
British, government will jemand jind
exact, fall retribution f-.oes Germhny
and a complete restoratUn of all toVri
tory which has been titaon by the den
trnl Powers with eoiupensatiost for: all
damaget oeeasioned to 'such territory.
To Um Bolabo-ViU : t
Germany ia planning to secure jaa
sistaoc of thlB3ulsbe-Vikl 'govern
ment in the furthcoming proposal 'for
a general ' peace,' aeeording . to Stste
ments in the press here.. It is declar
ed that repreaentativea of the Ceniral
Powera have told the Buseiaa pewee
commissioners at tha preliminary arm
istice: conference" that they intend, to
propose peace to the Allies and have
asked Russia to take similar steps. It
is deelared also that-the , Bolshe-Vikl
government is complying with, this' re
uHt. , 1 ',
The negotiations between the Bol-she-Viki
government and the German
government to bring about peace are
assuming fen important aspect. Foreign
Minister von Kuetalmaou of Germany
and Crernin of Austria-Hungary are
en route to the seeno ot the conference
with their suites, and it ia reported
that the main reichstag committee baa
been summoned to. Berlin ia connec
tion with the peace anoves.
General Krylesko, iae Bolsho-Vlki
commander, has beea enabled to with
draw troops from the Busso-Teuton
front in order to meet the menace of
Gen. Kaledinea, who is sweeping .part
of tha southern country with his Cos
sacks. austrIST
By Large Majority, Union Men
Defeat Government
VAXGOOVEB,' December 21 (As
sociated Press) The second attempt to
secure the authorisation of the voters
of the Australian Commonwealth to the
enforcement of a conscription policy
has been overwhelmingly defeated, ac
cording to the early returns of the
plebiscite held yesterday. ;
- The messages from Melbourne an
nouncing the uncompleted count state
that the government has been defeated
in its conscription policy by a majority
of one hundred and twenty thousand.
Labor unionists, against -whom the
government has been acting strictly,
and the I. W. W. workers have, been
actively opposing conscription, while a
large part of the vote of the women is
I... I ....... 1 . U . I . .
inrov wu W U V IWOH cbbi mniun com
pulsory service: . , -
ROME, December 21 (Associated
Pr) The Italian losses from German
and Austrian submarines during the last
week were confined to three sailing
ships, two over one hundred tons and
one under that mark. " One steamer was
damaged by a mine, but managed to
make port safely. ,
,9t,. SEMI-WEEKLY, .
La tin arid A Hied Forces Hold Own
-and Teuton Small Gains Do Not
v M ' Warrant Great Costs
WASHINGTON, December 81 (Associated Prewi) Exerting every energy
and employing immense force, heavily maimed against their objective,
. 'the head of the Ban Lorenao Valley to force a way through to the Vene
tian plains where Winter quarters might be established and preparations com
pleted for the hoped for advance upon Venire, the Austro-Germaa forces aire
making bnt small headway and their ponitinn ia the mountain pa kmc is becom
lug more. (Tifficulf. - . : v ''.
J Net only ere the Italians and their Allied reinforcements' holding their own
on this front but they are aiming counters against the' enemy,. Official reports
lernied in Berlin last night said that repeated counter attack's launched by tha
Italians against Austro-Oermun positions at Monte Pertica had beea repulsed,
This report claimed that in the lighting since December 11 in the Piave and
Brruta sectors WW0 Italians had been made prisoners. . r
...... '. 1- , . SMALL SUCCESSES CC8TLT
la the. face of the tremendous loeties which it is known that the Teutons
have suffered, estimated trf run far over a hundred thousand men In killed and
wounded in that time the cost to the Auntro-Gornutns has evidently been far
above hnythrng which they have been able to achieve.
Ar0" w,lt'rn Trout .the lull la Infantry fighting eontinued but the artil
lery duel and raids and counter raidn were again in evidence - .
' On alt Of the fronts British casualties last week amounted to 17,070. ' Of
these there were 331 officers killed and 10;i wounded and 31MI enlisted men
killed and, l.V-5 wounded. . , ; .
In RUiiy aa araiv nnder ' Kerensky marching upoa Moscow and a atrong
Rovalist army gathered In the Caucasus were reported in despatches from Petro
grad which reached London. . 1
. Reappearance of Kerennky, if the report be authentic, backed bv a kival
force may prove a serious blow to German ience pact plans of the Boteiieviki " '
, a JL?0Vf,lil,t rm iw th t'hucasue is reported to have been gathered by
Urand Duke Nicholas and to be a strong and well organised body.
. (Ira. Orenburg, t the head of a large army of Cossacks, is now actively
oppoaiug tho Bolsheviki forces and has occupied the iinimrtant town of T.clia
biBSk, trans Hiberian railway junction.
; It .is reported that the Buxslan troops are preparing to evacuate Poland
Berts from American headquarters in France said tbnt Russian officers
Z 4 . l . "KhtlI,K witn Bussian forces there were offering en masse to en
list in the American armies.' ' . .,-. 1 . ,
WahHINOTJ)!?, December ,H,(Ai-',
soeiated Press Investigation of the
sUjar shortage by the senste eonidilv
tae -wsA.iilot veomde'ted . yestprd'ayVaa
mibeav of Jtke' ommittsshaw wwed
it would be soviiat they eould prooee
with the second branch', of their9 In..'
vestlgation, the- aoul . short age: Tho
testimony giren yesterday was of mark
interest and . importance fend opened
up a new angle to the sugar situation-.
This was brought about by President
Babst of the American Sugar Refining
Company when he gate Vis explanation
of the causes of the, shortage. .
Opposes Limit V, ' ,A. ; ?'. C
Jjabitt opposed the plaeiug of a limif
upon, domestiu consumption of sugar
and declared that in his belief it was"
annecessary. He contended that, there
wiuld be a larger surplus than would,
be needed to be aent abroad, and eerV
iainiy( a larger surplus than , there
would be ships available to carry. , Ho
Predicted that there would be .'plentl
fill supply of kngnr during tha ooraing
year.-. .. , '' '
Explaina Shortage '
Asked to explain the reeent ehortego
Babst said that there were several Yea-
Fast Passenger Train Makes
Kindling Wood of Cars of .
Local Near Louisville
LOt'ISVILLE, Kentucky, December
21 (Assoelated Press) Thirty-eight
are known to have lost their lives and
thirty-niaa to have been aeriously in
jured, some fatally, in a rxilroad wreck
which - occurred ' near ijhepherdsvilln .
last night. . i
. Running at high rate of speed the
fast passenger train of the Louisville
ft Nashville "Railroad cranhed into the
rear of an. accommodation' train, The
wooden coaches of the accommodation
train crumpled up like so much card
board aud unifrr this mass of splin
tered wood wore buried the ' dead auj
the injured.
Belief trains were sent from this
city as quickly as a force of physi
cians and attendants eould be gath
erod. ,
" i . 1 ' ...'
HAS FBANCISCO, December 21-r-(Assoeiated
Press) Captain Granxow
of the schooner Churchill, which he is
charged with having deliberately
wrecked, haa annealed from the decision
of the United States commissioner
holding him for inveatigation by a
grand jury. His appeal will be heard
on January 21. Ia the -meanwhile,
states District Attorney Preston, Graa
sow will probably be reindicted in
order to remove any flaws that may
be found in the present indietment,
and will be held for trial in Han Fran
cisco, not Honolulu. He Is now being
held on bail for i500.
. 1 . ':'r -. - ',--
sons for i. - Primarily it wax caused
by 'famine Uorieew4.hick led to the
hoarding . of roniideivhle1 quantltiee.
The strikes in the refineries, fomented
To thce he 'added Greet Britiaa bad
drawn from Cut IMdioo tons of raw
sugar which would have normally gone
to the United States. The canning
campaign inaugurated by the food ad
ministration ; oeeasioned a far larger
consumption that usual, he declared.
Bolpn Tostiflon ..
George ML. Rolph,. chairman of the
Bstlonul sugar eommissioa was next
called before the commission. He mid
that the fixing of a price of seven and
a quarter cents for beet sugar and
bringing ' the refiners to meet that
price with carte sugar was necessary.
If this bad not been 'done, he declared
beet sugar would now, be selling from
twenty to twenty-five, cents a pound
had been (0 arranged to stoo the mount
log of the pric? of can. sugar, u
lied. ,
mrciv BVBIIHDIO. 'Meet l1irn '
It ia expected that Food Admini.t.
tor Hoover will be heard by the com
mittee today and that thia may close
that branch, of its investigation.
Private Guards Will Be 'Employed
and Keep Intruders Back
Hundred Yard
(Associated Press) Federal authorities
aud representatives of the Shipping iu
terests eonferred yesterday regarding
the admittedly serious matter of pro
tection of the wterfrdut and shipping.
It was finally decided that private
guards should bo employed,' Just as has
been done in New York City and other
Rsstern ports. The requisite militsry
for such guards waa not available there
and officials maintained that in Haa
Francisco and Pacific -Const ports the
some situation prevailed.
Using private guards, engaged bv the
shippers and duly examined as to' loy
a ty and sworn la will be stationed
along the entire waterfront where ship
ping is carried bu fend wil keep a cor
don a hundred yards back Through
this cordon none shall pass unless duly
authorised to do so and properly au
thenticated. .
LONDON, December 21 (Aaso
clatod Press) British casualties on
all front for the week ending Tues
day totalled nsaVly eighteen thou
sand. Of course, SSI are reported
killed or died of wound, and 1039
x posted a wounded or mlaalng.
Of men, 3181 were killed, and 13,423
are wounded or mtat"g,
(- '
Former 'German Consul In Hono
lulu Becomes Witness- Fcr
Prosecution and Will Be Per
mitted To Make Statement To
Jury --'',. ' ;,'7'::''' : ' '
Secret German , Agent "Nurr.!; :;
17" Transferred Money Fcr
Provlsioning of Ship From Sr. :
; Francisco Consulate
, 21 l (Ass
CISCO, Decern! k 1-
(Assuciated Press) - -
Georg Rodiek, former, derma 1
consul in Honolulu was the tlii- f
witness for tlie prosecution ) -terday
in the trial of the lu l l
revolution conspiracy case. Hi?
testimony dealt chiefly with tl
visit of the Maverick to Ililo, Ha
waii. . ;:.''' ' ;' '' ''"'
Before putting Rodick on 'ti c
witness stand (yesterday, after
noon United States .' Attorney
Priston said Rodiek' ha(J-'a?kr 1
permission to rjiake a sttenn ;t
to the jury1 'and thai thfs rcun - t
had been crranted Ivtne uni-rw -'.
r 1.-,:"(. ,. ,
tion on couaition, that luxlu k
would give, testimony in the case.
This he had agrcecj to do and the
statement which he desired pre
sented to tiie jury would be made
in the course ol his testimony.
After being sworn Rodiek was
seated and, m answer to ques
tions,' told of the visit of the Ma
verick to Ililo, where it was ex
pected that she would be provi
sioned for the trip to Johnston
Island. 1 At that ; xiint, witness
said, it was expected that the Ma
verick would meet th Annie Lar
sen and take on a cargo of arms
ad ammunition from her, thence
proceeding on to Batavia. At
that time, witness 'declared, lie
had no knowledge that the Ma
verick was employed, in the busi
ness of the Rllegedconsplracy to
foment a revolution In India.'
witness lestniea mat iiemncii
Elbo, captain of the German shin
Holsatia and, Edwin Defnat, cap
tain, of vthc.. German. hip J. 11.
Ahlers, both of ; w hich vessel.!
were' then interned in Honolulu,
acted to prevent the provisioning
of the Maverick outside the three
mile limit., He added that he be
lieved that neither F.lbb nor Dei
nat, both of whom are defendant
in the conspiracy case, were cog
nizant c! the fact that there was
a conspiracy foot ..
Asked as to wherc'the money for
the provisioning of the Maverick
came from witness testified that
it was transmitted to Honolulu
by German secret agent "Number
17" who transferred the money;
from the German consulate at
San I'Yancisco to Honolulu.
Rodiek will be called upon fof
further testimony a he dij not)
conclude yesterday. J .
II. A. Schroeder, who succcedi
ed Rodiek as German representa-i
tive in Honolulu will also testify,
for the prosecution,; it was a tit
nounced by, United States' Attort
ney Presion. , ! ' . , i
. - r r - - - -
' . t'
m ., M 4
. . 4. ,. .

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