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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, January 11, 1918, Image 5

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-01-11/ed-1/seq-5/

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Hawaiian GAzirrri:, ikiday, January 11. 191s.'-semuvi:ekly. .
nt m in .nmi niinnnrn
'J ' -'
Freedomof the Seas; -Coalition of Nations
to Guarantee and Enforce Rights of all
':i States to Safety froni Aggression; World
wide! Reduction m Mmmev Right
to Colonize: "Based
v (.nvornor. . - v--:- .xr,ih -
WASHINGTON January 9 (Associated press) Justice for all
.. thp nonniPt of th world with nations bound in covenants
to respect the rfQhts of all states, small and great alike, and with
Germany forced to return the spoils not only of this war but of
tun-. MnmiMt that have none before, are the war aims of
the United States, expressed Tn specific and itemized terms by
President Wilson. ,. For these, tie declared, we arerflghtlng and will
': continue to fight. . . .. 1 ;. O'rs'T . ' ''V'v;-'' -v'
An the most notable utterance yet made by any statesman of
"any nation irt the war, President Wilson spoke for humanity, civil
ization and world democracy before a joint session .of congress
yesterday afternoon, putting into plain and understandable Ian
auaae the terms upon which Germany and her allies may conclude
V n immediate nMce and ttatino in eduallv plain lanauaae that only
upon these terms may the Central Powers hope to escape Jrom
the wrath 01 tne vvorw mai ineir meganues anu ui cu u m unci
r national law and human rights have brought down upon them '
tk PrPciHpnt nref acerf his areat statement of the terms upon
which the war may be ended by announcing that he approved In
the name of the United Sutei of the recent declaration made by
Premier Llovd Georere of tjfeat Britain.-'; He spoke to an expect-
V 'am congreta, for although it W cAa r few
1 in dvnca that he wouITippea ai the Capitol, When th
reqUeit for t joint aeaaiori came from the White House it waa inti
mated that a momentoua'atatement waa to bajma'de. The President
appeared at half-patt twelve,1 being greeted by applause from the
massed members of congress na Dy crowaea gmucne.
Th nrtxrram he olaced before the Central Powers for their ac
ceptance was a plain, specific declaration o! terms which include the
practical dismemberment of -Turlcey, tne sputung up 01 fture-nun.
gary into autonomous divisions along racial lines; the restoration
to Poland by Germany of ftbe,, Province of Posen and to France of
Alsace-Lorraine; the disposition of Germany's lost colonies by inter
national tribunal and the binding of Germany and her allies to a
xlicy of disarmament and io quaranteed pledges never again to
force the world into a war of self-defense.
Peace, he stated, will be brought about by the acceptance by the
Central Powers of those conditions that will remove the chief provo
catives of war. ' ' 1
In order that hie pronouncement might be definitely understood
.v.. u,., .im. nt tk TTnVM States, and not as Deace aims, the
' President declared: "For such an arrangement and covenant we
are today willing to fight nd, lyijling to continue fighting, whatever
the cost and effort, until they are achieved.
The President repeated the statement he had made in previous
pronouncements that the world is at war only with a Germany
"crazed By war" and not upon Germany of peaceful pursuits. "I
do not presume", he continued, "to suggest either alteration or modi
fication of Germany's institutions, but it is necessary for intelligent
dealing with that government that we' should know if her spokes
men represent the reichstag majority or simply the military party
who appeal for the demolition of the rights of others. We wish her
to accept a place of equality among the peoples of the world, but
of a new world in which we may all live, not a,, world in which some
endeavor to assert their mastery over others.
The President then read his categorical demands, the war aims
of the United States, fourteen in number. . These are:
. 1 The formulation and acceptance of ; open peace covenants,
without Drivate. international understandings. .
2 Absolute freedom of the seas in peace or war except as they
may be closed by international actionVv
3 Removal of all economic barriers between nations ; the estab
lishment of an equality in trade conditions a'mongHhe nations con
scnting to peace and associating themselves for Its maintenance.
4 Guarantees for a reduction of national armaments to the low
est point consistent with domestic safety,
Doctor Van Dyke, Urging Duty of
a Christian To Fight, Becomes
Lieutenant Commander He
Wanted To Join the Army As
An' Active Combatant "
HEW TOEK. January -Amo-
dated Pmm) Hnry Vaa Dyka,
format American minltr to
Netherlands and a wu known sa
thor, nas entered tha American nary
aa a chaplain vlth tna rank of Han-
tenant commander in tne reaenea,
Uentenant Commander Van Dyke
U a fradsate of tne rrlnoeton Theo-
logleal Seminary. Be waa ora aw
ed aa ' rreabyterlaa minister la
a 879 and aerred aa paator of a mnn-
ber ef eharones mntll 1900, when he
became professor of English litera
ture at Princeton. President Wilson
elected him to be minister to the
Netherlands and Xaxemberg in 1913.
Ho resigned his diplomatic poet tn
order to be free to present to the
American people the facta ha had
ef German crimes In Belgium and
Loxemberg. ,
. It was Doctor Van Dyke's Idea
to serve aa a military chaplain,
falllaff to set Into the actual nght
tnc Una. Xa his Christmas sermon,
preached in the Broadway Congre
Estlonal Tabernacle, he defended
the Idea of militant Christianity.
: 'Who of yom would dare -to say
that Oeorgf Waahinftoa waa not a
Christian? , And he was one of the
greatest soldier that oyer lived,"
aid Dr. Van Dyke.
1 iwffl ladly five the few re
mainlnc years of my life to fighting
for my country, and X hope I can
wriffcle Into the' army yet"
i This v remark called forth loud
hand clapping.
Manufacturers Not Making War
- Goods Will Be Asked To
Reduce Consumption
WAftfllNOTON, Jsnuary ft (Awi
elated i press) A "foal budget", ,
which put into efftx t will, it is es
timated, nwan the ssving of fifty mil
lion tons of eoal a Tear, is being plan
ned by the fuel administratioa which
faeea the problem, of increasing the
output or reducing the consumption of
coal, or both, by a hundred million
tons this year.
The eoal budtift plnn U based upon
the voluntary agreemfiit of manufac
turers who are not engaged in produc
ing goods needed by the iforernment
for the eonmirt or tne war, io reaece
their fwl consumption. '
Hie fuel administration believes that
tlw manufarturers of the Nation whose
output Is not essential to the eondnet
of the war will be patriotic enough to
agree to the proposed reduction in the
amount of coal consumed by them end
that In this way tbe fifty million tons
em be saved this year.
Save Millions of Tons
It has been estimatol that produe
tion of eoal ean posaiblv b leres
hv fiftv million tons, but that would
still leave a shortage of an equal
amount. The only way to overcome
that shortage is Asy the saving or
fifty million tons thin year. '
Heeretary MfAdoo, tbe new head of
the government railway system, which
comprises all the steam Jlnes of the
eouhtry, issued an appeal yesterday to
the officers and employes of the roads
to use their utmost efforts to main
tain efficient railway service, it is
their patriotic duty to do this, he said
In his appeal. '
Labor Problems
Regarding labor problems In con
nection with the railroads, Secretary
MeAdoo said that they would be con
sidered at the "earliest possible , mo
ment" . President Wilson approved yesterday
the plan, of the National Defense Coun
cil for the establishment of employ
ment bureaus to recruit three million
workers for the factories eniraved in
turning out war materials and for the
shipbuilding yards that are woraing
to defeat tne nun submarine campaign.
: ; ,
Country Is Saved!
J. France Child :
Confers With' Hoover
, . .
Federal Food Administrator of
Hawaii Travels All the Way
From Islands To See His Chief;
Finds Himself One of forty,
WAfJHlNOTON .January (As
sociated Prelil J. France' Child,
federal food administrator of Ha
waii, who rsrae from the Islands to
get some ides on how food should
be conserved, hud a conference with
his chief, National Food Administra
tor" Herbert C. Hoover, yesterday.
Mr. Child did not see Mr. Hoover
alone. He was one of forty state
and territorinl representatives Of the
national food administrator who con
ferred with the maa who is showing
the t'nited Htates how to save food.
Mr. Child, however, had one dis
tinction. He came farthest to see
Hoover, having traveled five thou
sand miles for that purpose.
Schools of Venice
to Reopen; .
Hnn Hordes Stopped
firm Stand Taken By Italian
Armies Restores Confidence of
People and Venetians Who
Fled In Terror Return To Their
Netted Territory, 76,166 Prison
v tri and 615 Guns On the
fcv'i j -Main Front
LONDON",' January ( Assoc is ted
Press)-rA review of the operations ot
tbe British army during the year just
passed was Issued by the war office
yesterday. It is a record of success,
with some few reverses, marked by the
amount of ground token, by prisoners
brought in and guns captured.
Oa all fronts In 1917 .the British
took 'a total of 114,544 prisoners and
781 guns. On all fronts, during the
name period, the British lost in prinon
era taken 29,378 men and 166 guns,
winF nit rain of nrisooers and
guns of 76,166 and 613.
A summary of operation how that
on the western front the number of
Hermans captured was 73.131, with 531
irnns. It was on the western front
that the British made their tfreatest
ir.!.. and fholr m-eatest losses. The
Fosses were 27,000 men captured or
posted as missing and 166 guns lout.
In Palestine the British took 17,131
prisoners and captured 108 guns. They
lost a few hundred prisoners, pntrol
eut off by the enemy, but no guns.
The MesoDotamiao campaign netted
the British prisoners to the number
of 15,844, with 124 guns. On this
front the British lost no guus anu very
few prisoners.
Delivery Wagons Stalled, People
Fight Drifts
rillPAGO. January ft (Associated
Press) So deeply were the streets of
the city drifted with suow yesterday
as a result of the reoent storm that
delivery wagons were unable to de
liver food to the people nnd the nit
nation SHxuined a serious aspect.
Mayor Thompson issued an appeal to
all the paople or vmicago io mm um
and helu clear the streets. The ap
lMal met with an encouraging reHpoue.
Thousands of boys organised tneni
alvna into an irmV tO Bunt HDOW
drifts, and the lake sailors olunteer.
thoir assistam-e.
A bin fire now would menace the en
tire city, for the hydrants are f ro.cn
ami the firemen are helpless.
VENICE, January (Associated
Press) Convincing proof that the
Teutonic invasion has been definitely
stopped and that feiira of a further ad
vance of the Hun hordes have been
dissipated, was given here yesterday,
when it waa announced that the schools
ef Venice would open again next Tues
day, January 15.
When the Austro-Uerman armies
broke tbrouirh the defense of (Jeneral
Cadorna and pours J down int) Italy,
threatening Venice witn capture or ae
ttruction. tbe city was thrown intc
panic, which was increased by eonstaat
air raids. A large proportion of the In-
habitants fled, bualneaa , was almost
abandoned and the schools closed down,
the pupils having vanished.
Now that the Italian armies, their
morale strengthened and their forces
reinforced by England and . France,
have succeeded in stopping the onrush
of the Huns, the people of Venice have
returned to their homes, and everydsy
occupations are being resumed.
Told What To Say and How To
Say It and What To
Keep Mum About
WASHINGTON, January -(Associated
1'ress) Evidence of the ran
with which the government of Ger
many directs public opinion through
tho press for the purpose of deceiving
the OeriiiMn people as well as the en
emies of the Fatherland Is in the pos
session of the state department, ' in
the form of secret, instructions to tbe
editors of all -newspapers and publi
cations issued la Oermanv, Instruc
tion g which it was impressed upon the
editors it was their part to abide by
strictly, under nenartyof drastic, pun
Ishment for failure to comply.
This series of Instruction, which
were issued under date of June 5 last,
make it plnin that the German press
has not only been limited in the na
ture of the news, it was allowed to
print but wus also under obligation to
color what news it could print sud
make it favorable to the cause of Ger
The editors were notified that under
no circumstances were they to publish
anything relating to labor disturb
ances, snortHge of food or the difficul
ties esperienced by the government in
securing and distributing coal for do
mestic or manufacturing purposes. .
The press was urged to give every
prominence to the' government reports
announcing enemy Tones and German
victories. -,.
In respect to the entry of the United
States Into the war, the press waa noti
fied that the Americas preparation
could be treated in a serious way in
the news and editorial columns but
that nothing should be printed that
could be made a source of worry to
the people nor tend to their discourage
ment in' the face of this new enemy. .
, i .
t... .
Cu'into1 General Grossetti' Who Saved
Fere Champenoise, Passes On
--:&. .X '" 1 1 11 ' -" '
' PARIK. v Jsnusry (Associated
Press) General Grossetti,' who was
commander of the. forty-second divis
ion of the French army at the battle of
the Marne in the first year of the war
and who executed the famous flank
movement that decided the fate of Fere
Champenoise, died here yesterday at
the age of fifty-five years. At the
time of his death he was viceroy of the
Ninth French Army. ,
' Fere Champenoise waa the farthest
point south reached by the Germans in
their great drive on Paris at tbe begin
ning of the war. When they were stop
ped at the Mnrne, General Grossetti led
ing the Huns, almost cutting off a large i ng .Into the fcutenie , lines,
body or them and laving rere main
Adds His
Voice To
Attack On
I'ARIH, .luuuarv 9 (Associated
Press) General Line of , the French
army, commading the French artillery
on the Italian front, has been kille.l
In action. Official announcement of
his death was made here yesterday.
penoise to the French.
by Germany to France for the aeizing of Alaace-Lorraine.
9 Readjuatment of Italy'e frontier! along clearly recognisable
linea of nationality.
10 The greatest opportunity to be given for the autonomous
development of the peoplea of Auatro-Hungary.
11 The evacuation by tha Gerrnana, Austriana and Turks of
Serbia and Montenegro, with a restoration of their boundaries and
with free access to the aea for Serbia, with international guarantees
for the economic and political independence and :he territorial inte
grity of the Balkan States.
; 12 Secure aovereignty for the Turkish portion of the Ottoman
Empire but with all other nationalities under Turkish rule to be
assured of security for life and opportunity for autonomous develop
ment, with the Dardanellea permanently open to all nations.
WASHINGTON, January 9 (Asso
ciated Press) Frank Lowrev, secre
tary of the Federal Refining Company,
testifying yesterday before the senste
eommiiie mai ih.bbhkouii v
sugar and fuel situations, backed up
the eharges recently made by Claus
Sprockets that the national food ad
ministration is incompetent. Lowrey
has In the past been an employe of
ROME. January 0 ( Associated
Press) Congressman Fliorella Laguar
dia of New York, who is serving with
tbe American flying force in Italy, has
asked that he be allowed to retain his
seat in congress, despite a petition filed
by the voters of his district that he
be made to give way to another man.
BOHTON; January 0 (Associsted
Press) Relief of the sugar shortage
that has been severely felt here and
throughout the East generally appeared
in sight yesterday when a snip arrivea
from Cuban ports bringing 11.000,000
lounds of sugar. It is reported that
other sugar vessels are on their way
from Cuba.
13 The establishment of an independent Polish State, to in
clude all territories indisputably inhabited by Polish populations,
with free access o the sea and with Polish political and economic
5 ImDartial ad iustment of all colonial claima based on the prin- independence and territorial integrity guaranteed by international
rini that the neoolea concerned have caual weieht with the inter- r'ovenehta. """
ests of the government" concerned. . h A general association of the nations under specific cove-
6 Evacuation by the troops ot the Central Powera of all Rua- nanta for mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial
sian territory and full opportunity afforded for Russia'a political integrity, of large ahd small states alike.
development. ' J ' Tb" addresa of the President was frequently interrupted by
JUSTICE FOR BELGIUM I cheers and handclapplng. which rose to a'tremendous volume when
7 The evacuation of Belgium without any attempt to limit her the apokesman for the nation uttered his demand that Alsace-Lor-sovereignty.
No other single act will serve as thia to restore con- raine be reatored to France. .
fidence among the nations in the lawa they themselves have made. It is understood that the pronouncement of the President was
Without this healing act the whole structure of the validity of inter- already In England when he appeared to present it to congress and
national laws would be forever impaired. ' lht preparations were completed in advance to send the American
8 All French territory to be freed and restored, with reparation terms broadcast throughout the. wort
ZrRICH. Jannarv 9 Associated
Press) Count Madik, Hungarian food
administrator, has resigned on account
of friction with the Austrian civil pop-j
ulation. Their food demands, ne
claims, are excessive and not in ac
cordance with their requirements.
it vri, .'V ti ' ...
German Cannons Roar Continu
ously Alona Hundreds' of r.Mcs
of Front . and British, Trench
and Italians Prepare'
Huns Battle For Hi1l'304g Ifainf '
Infantry Flghtintf Monflay,'0niy
To Be Bloodily and Corriplcle!
Repulsed - .
WASHINGTON, Januny.)i-,Aso-eiated
Press) Propaatleo ' 'fon
series of great offensives are being
made by the Teutons and tbe rtnsh of
mighty armies 'irf several areat tattls
is sons to tie heard, eeroriog' to the
rerts from, the various eipmmsndi-rs
that have reaehed Seeretary Baker,
which he embodies ta part In'.his week
ly sum ins rv of tbe situation, jj k ' '.
The expected drive of ths Gerntabs
on the west front will be the elimsi
of their efforts to Sniash the Uied liue
at some vital point,. ia the tpinion- of
the secretary of war, but that this ef
fort will be unsuccessful U . hie es'
pressed belief. The rrreocfc . and, Brit
ish are braeed,, for the Juf . that is
coming and are to' W feliil "upon to '
stand firmly and throw backithe mitit
iest effort that Oormanycai jnaVu.. . t
Germaa sidU ieptUlod ,'J
Beporte yesterday triorning Viom tni-
doa, Paris and Rome,' eon v m g sum
inariee of the official den)ateLea f
Meaerals Haig, .PeUla and Piar, report
the German prVrivi'anvV.Ttoe' s
do infantry fighting ,c6a '.Mbadny of
consequence except for . raidsi in force
gainst the British l Flaaderi asd nnu
awaulf attempted; y the nt h or tn
CriPriiKe gaes thsjr. s. h j.si
tion, .op .the. Jkistone, i;Ul -y'' '' '
Verdun sector.' The raids kg..jnt '".
British were -iD'uliiirwUbaut !iyU r
mans 'reachinB any. ef their. o1 V'',v,,,
The assault nnon WU 8l4 dcli-ve l
Into a battle, la 'whO-V th.min
were .throat bek,,vith n'ftte.ularf
aevere lossee, i;
Big Battles Impending ' .
' : Despite, the general holding ljfick. of
the Teuten Infantry, there r. were no
lack ef indications of bibntlk-s im
pending in FUnders, )Vanee audi Itnlv.
At various points is 'theee thre mui ..
anaes ' throughout Moaday tbc,i
intensive, continuous artilierr tiiuu ;
tion, the- Clermaa guns eenainitf tlu ,
sands Upon thousands' or shells i.-rcn .
log into the Entente Mines. Aitl is.
a minute's ceasation this bombiw In .t
waa maintained 1 throughout ' J4"'i y
ad into the night, --inereaaing 1 iu
tensity at ; dawni yesterday. Th 'gnus
of the Allies are replying fa, kiui, tin
tremendous duels aiovg Jina.lct'ils I f
miles of Ighting fronts makrig Tues
day's and yesterday's battlimf tie
greatest for artillery in tne am it
tnis greatest war. -
The German bombardmeat waa
tioularlv severe against ' tbe 'Ypres
sitions and those before Camorai, ,us
the British front. The ) French tro -'
long the Aiaae, the Mosella Biver suit
at Verdun were' given their gres'"t
deluge of shells, while on tbe Onl.au
front the rtillery raged tlrlTbiM1'
lands, from Lake ' Ourtla rflvi'uxd ti
the Piave Biver. '., ; 5 :
gafferlng From' Oold '-;
YeNterrtsy the- weather on' the- west
ern front turne4,,etosejyr9ld, ..wltU
suow flurries. iTne conditions pre,-lu'l
el trench BghtlUg other fhaa arUUerv,
In the Hritlshj rcnchjss jthere .was .in
tense . sufferintf, which , wa. adiltxl til
from the facthat the snow preveut I
the transport sefvleAwreacking usome
servions wwa. u?o 1,0011.. ,., (,
hiniii i niuo hiiitii
TT1 Illllinil-V
: ItfUillllim in
1 ,
t I
fHIOA'Mi. .Inpuarv H ( Asriat
Press) A special iession of the na- 1
,i nnnl n.nkiKitinn nnllVnnlilin ku VtCSn : O
ov.iu, .. ..... ..... . -
called, to be held in this uity- March 5.
No announcement is made of any "I1"
ciul purposes of the convention, but it
is expected that the matter of securing
the approval of two ,,.4 birds .of thn
Htates for th uatipnal .-prohibition
amendment will be considered,
KKINO. JaBuary r.AssocUt !
Press (-Japanese bonkers,, - actjng ,pn
1 beair of an iniernauouaj group, eioseu
UKRLIN, Januarv II 1 Associated Sesterday a Joaa of tea - million ' yen
lrpS!t)The Knssisii troop "bo-hive gold to China, The loan la-to run fof
1........ .:ihHr..-n frnm th ri'iiou west ' a year, interest being at seven per-
f I.ske Dorian' on the Macedonian 1 cent. It is secured oy tne surplus sun
frnnt have heeu reidm-ed ov r rencu revenue. I ne proeeeas 01 me 101
t roups.
Bschae o lis toaie and fsullve sct.
LAX ATI VK BaOMO OrimWB wlllbtlound
hetter thaa oreiosr Qulaiae. Doea act caui
-icrvousn. nor rlaalsg la the bead. a
icnibcl. .hers Is OHty una "Brorco Qulaiuv
i'U siauaiurt c4 K. V. Cre
hard Fate In Store
For Americans
AMriTLKDAM. January (As
souinted Press) America us taken
piisoner by the Hermans will lc
1 rented " jiist as kindly am! cmiaid
crately aa prisoners of oilier na
tiiiiiH.'' accurdiiig t" an nftiiiiil di
f tlu Wolff iirvM l-urtMU
t S I . ' ll
revenue, rne proeeeas 01 me loan wiu
i ne res w the value of Bank .of Chlua
tlltte., ''..' .''.'--; ':',
' . ,
.4 CMC '
Kvcry young child is' susceptible to
' Don't wuit NBtii this dreadful
I .iiK.-a attacks , your JttUe pjia, before
you prepare for it., It eomea U the
, n'glii when chemists' shops are usually'
j h d, mid this alone should be t waru
I in-;. (let end keep , Chamberlain 'a
j Couijh Kemedy at hsnd. It never fails,
ickly and Is absolutely harmless.
1 I 'or sale by all dealers.-' Peason, Pmun
' ".. I .Id.
nnents for lUwnii.-f-Advef'
.7 "
: h

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