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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, February 22, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-02-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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His Will Become
Second Kaiser
Demands For
Peace Bring Poh
iiical Climax
AMSTERDAM, February 22
(Associated Press) King
Charles of Austria, Emperor of
Austria-Hungary, determined to
bend the Austrian reichsrath to
his will and force it to pass the
government budget yesterday
threatened to assume the abso
lute control of . Austria unless
they pass the budget forthwith.
He warned the members of the
reichsrath that unless they should
proceed with the adoption of the
t budget he would prorogue that
body and make Austria an abso
lute monarchy without parlia
mentary representation for the
time being at least.
Opposition to the passage of
the budget and refusal to give it
the majority which King Charles
demands, has come from the So
cialist members of the reichsrath
who have been insistent upon an.
early peace without annexations
or indemnities' and", who are spe
- cially incensed at tha course par
war against Russia when Austria
desires aTcpntlnuaricl! of negotia
tions white a possibility of secur
ing a peace treaty may exist.
When Premier von Seydlcr ad
dressed the reichsrath Tuesday
the Czechs and the Slavs created
an uproar. They protested vehe
mently the advance of German
troops into Russia and joined
with the Socialists in holding
back the majority required to
pass the budget in open protest.
Socialist leaders have called
public meetings to support their
demands for direct peace negotia
tions. Yesterday they took a di
rect stand in favor of the princi
ples laid down by President Wil
son of the United States, presum
ed to be speaking for the Allies
as well as for his own country
when lie replied to the expres
sions of war and peace aims of
Premier von Czernin of Austria
Hungary and Premier von Hert
ling of Germany.
In the reichsrath yesterday the
Socialist party submitted an in
terpellation to Premier von Seyd
ler urging that Austria accept
President Wilson's expressions of
principles as a basis for an imme
diate discussion of peace.
Possibilities of an early peace
with Russia which may abate to
some extent the demands of the
Socialists for an immediate gen
eral peace have not entirely van
ished. Despatches from Berlin
last night said that written con
firmation of the report that the
Bolshevist government is ready
to agree to the Brest-Litovsk
peace terms submitted by Ger
many had passed through the
German lines.
ROMK, February tl (Associated
Press) Announcement is made by the
Italian admiralty that for the week,
just ended two vessels over 1A00 tons
were submarined and one windjammer
likewise sunk.
tlRL FRANCES JOSEF, King of Austria, who threatens to
Vj' prorogue Reichsrath and become absolute monarch if majo
rity is not forthwith given to Budget
r- .
'v. .
LONDON, February 22 ( Arnioeiatod
Preaa) Forty-five -German war vessels
and tranaporta were- approaching Keval
on Wednesday thus threatening l'etro
grail more seriously than hail even been
feared. Despatches - from Petrograil
yesterday told of the 'large fleet ami of
the landing of German forms at Keval,
far to the north and east of Verder, the
terminal of the Reval-Petrograd rail
way. The uermana are evidently mov
ing upon points along this direet road
to Petrograd from whence Beval is two
hundred miles distant by direct call
At the same time this large fleet in
these waters may presage an attack ly
sea upon Petrograd in cooperation witii
a drive by land.
The London News Correspondent in
Petrograd reports that tbo offensive of
Oermany appears likely to cause an
overthrow of the present national coun
cil and that it is reported Trotkv in
to resign.
Land Offensives
Berlin reports of last night said Ger
man tropos had entered Minsk. Kurlicr
reports from Petrograd bad said Ger
man forces were approaching that city
as well as Vitebok. Approach of Ger
LONDON, February 22 (Associated i military party of Oermany is once more
Press) Deprecation of talk as to win I 111 control. Home Germans are
. , . . . i Mouth to continue the war but these
aims was expressed by Viscount Mil I . . . . .
' J i are powerless against the war lords of
ner yesterday when speaking to a lurc i ;,.rina.y, "
audienre at Plymouth. I Under these circumstances, he said,
"We are fighting for the lives of our i it was useless ami fruitless to talk of
nations, we and our Allies, and we are j war aims and of peace aims until such
fighting for our own lives as well. As ultimo as actual negotiations for peace
result of the collapse of Russia the 'may have been started
WASHINGTON, Fubruary 21 (As
sociated Press) In order to secure
greater efficiency for passenger truf
fle and aid in handling freight in the
eastern section of the country, the di
rector general 'a office has plans fr
eliminating some of the present com
petition between roads, a system de
veloped under private ownership.
It was announced today that some of
the fast passenger competing trains be
tween New York, Chicago, 8t. I.ouis,
Washington and other important ter
minals will be eliminated soon.
Certain roads will be devoted much
more extensively to freight.
man forces upon Pskoff was also re-
portud. Teuton aircraft raided Kcsta
with a numbvr of futalities refuted
as resulting.
In contravention of the report of the
probable' resignation of Trotzkv ami
other reports, from Berlin, of confirma
tion in writing of the report of Rus
sian acceptance of German peace terurft,
there were reports that the Bolshevist
forees would inaugurate a guerilla
warfare and oppose the progress of the
invaders. Leaders are said to believe
the proletariat will rise to the defense
of the country.
May Aid Finland
In Finland there are indications Oer
many will aid the government to put
down the Red Guard an. I Bolsheviki.
Reports from Haparand, (Sweden, ves
terday said four steamers were report
ed to have arrived at Vasa with a lnrge
number of Finlandera who had been
nerving in the German armies, ami it
was said the Germans planned an of
fensive against Tnmmerfors, Vlborg
and other places held by the Reds.
A Petrograd despatch of last niylit
Mud the' most recent Russian develop
incuts wore such that the Allies found
it lindens to grant the assistance which
had previously been planned.
February 21 (Special to
- Ttinn Chi .hli, former
Nippu -liji)
prune ininiHte
cut Ku ('open u
of China, anil at pres
war commissioner in
China, iiurrouly escaped assassination
in Tientsin last e enin ,r.
Tuan has been a bitter enemy of the
southern faction and it is thought thut
the plot mny be laid to men of the
Four Jnpnne.se and several Chinese
ere arrested following the attempt on
the Cornier iicwki ' life.
Once Walled City Is Now Only
Village Located On Edge
of Jordan Plain
All Positions Taken and Import
ance Attaches To Clearing
Mountains of Moslems
LONDON. Frttfiiary 22 (Aioclnte1
Prny flotna. va gronnrt very
inch of '. which' -la; t aatiliar to biblical
itadaatd, tha Brftikh forren in Palontine
arorad. another rieonl Hvmv yenter
day, driving $ack . the Turku ovrr a
f rant .of ren Jnila and capturing alt
thaif poaitfont to a,' depth of three and
a half, milea.
Thia advance wak nimle towards thn
aortheaat from'JAraMlem and brought
tha Britiah to within four miles of the
faaioas wnlld lty: of Jerieo, the tcn
aiodiata abieetlva w the ratnnaisn. The
.capture of thia pUee noon' is predict-
Jerieo today 1 aaly a villafra, on the
edge of the Jordan plain
It is fifteen I
inttes northeast -Of Jerusalem. The sig
nificance that aa be attached to the
rire of Jerieo, Will not be because
of the Importaaoa1 of the place itself
In en- ""v hn ho-sose its fall will,
mean that the British have driven the
Turks oat of the hnnuntaina and into
the' Valley Of tha stiver Jordan, where
their defense will be many times more
difficult and whero the Hritish progress
can be aiach mar rapid.
flioee the fall'Of Jerusalem, early
In December, tha .British have been
driving the Ottoatan forces across a
mountain range, affording every oppor
tunity for stnbbom defense and pre
venting the Birtssh from progressing
faster than their fan could be trans
ported over rough 'country.
The Biver Jordan is about seven
miles east of Jericos The northern end
of the Dead Sea is about ten miles south
of Jeajacv
FRANCE, February M (Associat
ed Frees ) H ea vy reciprocal bom-'
bardmsnta are In progress by day
and by night all along the Ameri
. can sector. Both tha American and
the German artillery are maintain
ing an almost constant and heavy
German Are upon the American
positions yesterday Inflicted little
damage but the fire of tha Ameri
can batterlea waa quite effective
and hit several important German
HILO, February 22 (Special to
Tha Advertiser) Yesterday wit
nessed n.n immense activity In the
lava pit at Kilauea, with a rapid
rise of the lava column. Reports
from the Volcano last light stated
that the lake levej was then only
thirty Inches from the level of the
main floor of the crater, with
every indication that the lake
wouid overflow Into the main
crater very shortly. This is the
highest the lava has risen in many
TOKIO, February 21 (rajiwial tn
Niipu .Fiji i The Japanese government
hns announced that It will eichangc
two tons ol shipping for every ton of
American steel shipped to Japan. This
announcement was made following a
proposal iniole by the officials at Wash
The new agreement entered into be
tween the I'nitcil States and Japan
will Hive the t'nited States more ships
for transport service, providing the
p'vcriiincnt Ht Washington can spare
the steel.
Owners of ship building plants in
Japan anil shipping men advised the
government that they would accept the
proposal made by the I'nitcil States.
WASHINGTON, February 21 (As
sociated l'ress) - Senator (leorge K.
Chamberlain of Oregon, who was nper
ntcil upon for appendicitis on Tucs
day, is reported doing well.
Hackfeld'sHiloManagerOut MfMI XYSTFH flf
American Succeeds
HILO, February 23 (Special to Tha Advertiser) Announdnf that
he did not wish further to embarraas hli Una by remaining at tha head of
Ha Diest Important ageacjr, Christian Oaatendyk, manager of the Hilo
branch of Hackfeld A Oo stepped dowa and out yesterday.
John P. Onrta, formerly manager of Hackfelds at Kailua, where ha
la alas postmaster, has bean named already to succeed Castandyk. while
Paul Battels, who haa been assistant manager here will snoeead Ourta at
Kallua. The new Hilo manager la a native American.
In a statement made yesterday to the Hilo Tribune, Oastendyk said:
"I realize that It is not good far the business of Hackfeld k Oo. to have
an alien enemy at the head of any branch. I am an alien enemy, much
against my will. "
The resignation of Oaatendyk was placed In the hands of the new
Hackfeld directorate at tha time of the reorganisation of,the board, with
tha statement that action npon the resignation might be made at any time
tha new directorate believed Its acceptance would be for the best Interest
of tha Arm. The resignation waa accepted yesterday.
BAN KHANCIW'O, February 22
(Associated Press i- l.ntters which at
tributed the defeat ef Ueneral Town
sheud in Mesopotamia to the machina
tions of Hindu conspirators were in
trod need in evidence in the trial of
'he Hindu Revolt conspiracy case yes
terday in the course of what may
prove to be the most important day of
the trial of thn great conspiracy case
before the federal court and jury.
Correspondence between Ali Kahn
and Ram Chandra was introduced in
evidence yesterday. All uf the let
ters were addressed to Ram Chandra.
In these letters Kahn attributed the
PKKINO, February 22 ( Associated
Press) -Wiariiing hns been received by
the central government here of a wide
spread agitation being carried on
among the Chinese Mohammedans of
the Province of Sinkiang by Bolshe
vik leaders, by Turks and by German
agents who have been sent into the
Chinese provinre from tha Russian
Turkestan, the Chinese being . incited
against the Peking government.' ..,
Governor fang Tsena Hen of Wakilag
t warn the vaVeinnrhn that .these acKe-
cess is their ejTdrts o provoke a Holy
War and a general hfcehammedsa np
rising along the lines ef tha 'bloody
Agreement Reached Whereby Ex
pedition Will Obtain More
Mules and Blankets
WASHINGTON, February 22 (As
sociated Press) Generarfershlng will
secure mules, blankets and other war
mnterial from Spain. In exchange for
this Spain will be permitted to receive
cotton seed oil from the United States.
The sgreement which makes this pos
sible has been signed and notification
of the fact was sent thh( department of
state yesterday by Ambassador Willard
nt Madrid. V
Pressure has been brought to bear
by the United Htates through tho Kin
bargo Law upon Spain and the latter
country was made to umforstaud a
short time since that unless a change
in the policies of Spain came the pres
sure would be tightened. At that time
Premier Dato said he had hopes of se
curing an early adjustment of the con
troversy and through the proposals
then made the agreement announced
by Ambassador Willard was brought
Grand Jury Indicts Eleven For Al
leged Fraudulent Work
HKW" YORK, February 21 (Asso
ciated Press) Exposure of what may
lie a gigantic government war supply
fraud was begun here today, with the
indictment of eleven men alleged to be
Kiht clothing manufacturers, two
employes and a clerk of the United
States quartermaster's department were
indicted on charges of fraud iu uni
forms and army clothing.
The indictments ure based on evi
dence connected with the arrest last
l)eeemler of IO inn Davidson, a princi
pal owner of the Universal (.'loth
Shrinking Works. Police Lieutenant
Uaruitz, who has been employed in in
vestigating the cases, says that cloth
uiul army supplies valued at 5,000,000
have been stolen. The plot is said to
be of Nation wide scope and is being
investigated also by the federal authorities.
An Alien Enemy
lefeat of Tow n.-hend 's forces to the
machi ua' ions uf himself ami Kani
Chandra. Ali Kahn was formerly a
student in tin' I'niversity of Califor
nia. The revolutionist') had organized a
regiment, these letters went to show,
f Indian loyalists and these they per
sunded to refuse to go into battle.
As a result the Turks captured Gen
eral Tciwnshend's army of twelve thou
sand men.
Ali Kahn, in one of his letters,
asked Hani Chandra , to send more pa
triots to work among the Indian sol
diers in the British army.
revolution of lHfil, which came to Mo
hammedan China shortly after the In
dian Mutiny. Arms and ammunition
are being sent acroaa the line from
Hinkiang Province comprises Chinese
Turkestan, Kulja and Kaahgaria. It is
bounded on the north by Russian
Turkestan, Siberia and Mongolia and
the south h Thibet and Kashmir,
waT !
Hud Turkis.'Hiadas, Mongols, Matri
satis ind Chinese. The are;- of the
t4oviue is nearly a rrdlliao 'squire
Indies, with two and a haff million poo-
Food Administration Makes An
nouncement But Waste Must
Still Be Avoided
WASHINGTON, February 22 (As
sociated Press) Ample supplies of
near will be available during the com
ing season is the assurance which was
yesterday given by the food adminis
tration. This does not mean, however,
that economy in the use of sugar will
not have to be practised. It means re
lief from the acute shortage from which
manv parts of the country have suf
fered. The food administration admits
there is still a shortage of sugar in
scctious of the country but sees re
lief in reach. Lack of bunker coal
has prevented movements from Cuba
ii had been hoped but Cuban ship
ments are now arriving at points north
of llatteras with some degreo of regu
Reports have recently been current
that the international commission has
arranged for the purchase of 500,000
tons of Java sugar anil the report has
i nosed some dissatisfaction in ('nlis
because of the fact the international
commission has taken only seventy Ave
percent of the Cuban crop and it is
feared the arrival of Java sugar would
"break the price" on the balance of
the crop.
Loss of Life and Injuries Mark
Widespread Disaster
A MOV, February 21 ( Associated
Press i - Kcports of death and disaster
resulting from the most severe earth
pi,ike which Kastern China has ex
p. iii'necd in twenty five years continue
to r, m il here. In the larger cities the
loss of life, damage to property and
rc.iise'pient suffering haa been cnor
Latest advices from Kwatow todav
plnee the loss of life at more than six
hundred and more than two thousand
persons were injured by falling roofs
mid walls.
In the interior back of here and In
tle mining districts the loss has been
heavy. There whole towns have been
wiped out.
Quartermaster General An
nounces Reorganization With
S k 1 1 led Civilian Specialists
Heading Departments
Railroad Administratioi Is To In
vestigate Power and Other
Utilities Companies Which Are
Affected By War
SllINr,TON. Fcliruary22
(Associated Itcss)
Rcnrpatiiation of the quarter
master's corps as completed, was
announce d by (Juarlermaster
(ieneral (ioctlials yesterday. He
says it has been so effected that
he is confident it will insure a
continual movement of the sup
plies necessary for an adequate
state of preparedness.
Under the new system which
he lias inaugurated most of the
departments' have been placed
under civilian heads but such
heads are in every instance spe
cialists in the line of
business v' '. .
which they will be called upoo;tr .
conduct. $l ? v-
Goethals plans are such as o hr,-
coordinate all movements and-.tOt ".. .
-e the variou,dernWV;
constant touch with one another -
ana the progress wnicn eacn la j
makinir. Uniforms' tt u'dt "to be "
permitted to move ahead tn ad- r,
vance of overcoats or coats in d-,v
vance of uniform and arms and i '
other equipment are to move ''.
along with the same progress as'
does the clothing. No department
is to be permitted to run away :
while another falls behind." The
whole is designed to keep pace(
with the calling out of the men, -.'
something which was not done
when the first draftees were sent '
to camp. 1 --jt-,
Army officials yesterday ex,
pressed surprise at the reports ?
that the Germans have control of
the air along the American front..
While it was not expected a suffi- ;
ciently large corps of Americarv ;
aviators could be trained thus '
early the army has believed that .'
those trained, together with the
corps which France could fur
nish would give the- preponder-"
ance of air control to the Allies
on that sector, especially with '
the air defense which the Ameri can
contingent was expected to -have.
Secretary Baker refuses to
countenance discussion of the
Investigation of power, light-, ,
ing and other public utilities by
the railroad administration ha
the approval of the President
where the stability of such utili
ties may be threatened by war
conditions. Where it is founc
advisable a recommendation to
raise rates may be made' by the
railroad administration. In this
way it is thought the frequently
advised absolute government .
control of such corporations may
lie avoided.
Six trains of packing house
supplies destined for export to
the Allies are to move daily from
west to east for at least a month
to come, it was announced by
McAdoo yesterday.
-'" v 'v 4 .-, :v."';'

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