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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, March 01, 1918, Image 1

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j',y2. LtL Q''-'-'.-'' " ; ' ' ? ;.rtbKQLULU, HAWAII TERRITORY. FRinv, MARCH .V 1918. -SEMI WEEKLY. WHOLE NUMBER 4717, ;
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i" .
,WasluDgton ,Ad mits
" That Matlei'Is Under
early Vision
IshihWaited For But
Situation Admits of
Nb ' Delay
(AtwcUted PretO-Real-izing
that' Japan cannot much
longer , be' restrained in the de
termination reached at Tokio that
action mutt be taken in Siberia,
it i probable that an early decl
. sion will be reached here regard
ing the, share the United States
. will play,' f any; in the proposed
, ' It is now disclosed that the
United States "and Japan have
been exchanging views regarding
a possible allied participation- in
Siberia for some time, ever since
it became apparent that the Rus
sian collapse might bring German
activities to the f acific.
The admyusraioni it is said,
, has been hoping to have the decU
yiscoant Ishil, the new ambassa
"dor for JPV t this tapital, but
it is ' appreciated' Jiow that the
feeling in Japan is uch that there
can be no delay. It is the unof
ficial belief here that America will
participate with Japan in what
ever action be taken.
There are huge quantities of
supplies, rolling stock and muni
tions piled in the warehouses and
along the railroad line between
Vladivostok and Harbin and it is
the fear that these will fall into
the hands of Germany, to be used
possibly against Japan, that has
created a demand in Japan that
early action be. taken.
Press despatches from Tokio
during the past week have been
appearing in the American press
regarding possible Japanese act
ivity in Siberia, with the an
nouncement that the flagship of
the American Asiatic squadron
had been ordered to Vladivostok
to meet the
American ambassa-
dor from Petrograd, but these
despatches created only passing
interest. Yesterday, however,
London reports stated that the
press there had given special pro
, minence to the news that a joint
Japanese and American expedi
tion had been suggested to move
in and control the eastern end of
the Trans-Siberian railroad, pro
tecting the supplies there, paid for
by the Allies, and preventing any
German movements on the Paci
fic. These despatches created the
liveliest interest here and resulted
in statements from official circles
that there was substance to the
news. It was further stated that
an early announcement may be
Files of the Tokio papers received
by the Bhinyo' Maru yesterday indi
cate the intense desire of the Japanese
that some action in Siberia be taken.
The Asabi Bhiubun, one of the most
influential papers of Tokio, which has
editions in Osaka and Kyoto, bitterly
(Continued on Fags 3, Column 3)
F PACIFISTS are not popular
' Bryan discovered yesterday.
speaking he found an audience which he could not control when
he undertook to address a prohibition meeting in Toronto. Re
turned soldiers silenced him and would not permit him to continue.
urn, &w,Sk
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Soldiers Would Not Let Him Speak
TORONTO, March l ( Associated
Press) Canadian returned aoldier,
denouncing him as a paoihYixt, liowled
William Jenninga Bryan down when he
attempted to addreiui a prohibition con
vention here laat night, at which Mryan
hail been invited to spoak by the Do
minion Alliance, the organized pruliibi
tion party ot the Dominion.
"What about the I.UHituniii f ' Hry
an was naked when he roHp to ieak,
ami when he plunged into Inn pnhili
tion argument, diaregardiiig the ipies
tion thrown at him, he became the
target for a volley of epithets uikI a
further demand that he explain whv
I h. aa A..Aarw t utt l.u.l Inl.l Am.
ba'aaador BemHtorff not' to take the
American notes too seriously. Then, in
chorua, the soldier", shouted "What
about the Luaitaniaf" over ami over
again, until the speaker was drowned
Ministry Differs On Policies Fol
lowing Recent Torpedoing
MADRID, March 1 ( Associated
l'ress) Retirement of the government
is eipectod to be the result of the elec
tions which were held Hunilay. There
were reports yesterday the cabinet
had resigned. In the face of the re
turns its overturn appears inevitable.
The ministry has been badly split
over the question of policies in regard
to Germany and its ruthless submai ine ;
campaign which has become of more !
than ever vital interest by reason of
the receut torpedoing of several Spanish
vessels and by the violation of Spun
ish neutrality in attacking and sinki'i)'
an Allied vessel m Hpanish alci-
WA8HIN0T0NT, February L'h--Associated
Press) George Lawrence,
president of the New York Coffee and
Sugar Exchange, has been appointed by
Herbert Hoover as head of the coffee
distribution under tbe food bureau
ti Canada as William Jennings
? 'For once in his lone career of
out and left the platform.
Although every Province but one,
Quebec, is now on a prohibition basis
for the war, and Quebec has passed a
prohibition law soon to go into effect,
the question of a Dominion prohibition
statute is a live one. Yesterday, at the
convention, there were many speaker,
several of them being soldiers invalided
from the front. One of these, Captain
George Bailey, who has served with the
Canadian Army, was arrested after the
convention on a criminal charge.
During his speech he declared that
ninety percent of the Canadians at tin
front were drunk on Christmas day
lust and in such a condition that the
Germans, had they known the situa
tion, could have broken through the
Canadian line. Kor this he is charged
with ao offense against the criminal
Assertion of Lifting of Ban
Denied By Censor
TORONTO, Fubruary 28 (Associated
Press) It was announced today that
there is no truth in the reports that
the ban against the sending of Hearst
publications into Canada has been lift
ed, nor in the report that the Interna
tional News Service could agaiu include
Canada in it territory to be served
i Hearst paper announcements of the lift
ing of tho ban are declared untrue.
! Colonel Chambers, chief press ecu
sor of Canada, said today that the rcy
! ulatlon against the Hearst news system
is stilt vigorously enforced in Can
over all raw platinum
WASHINGTON, March 1 (Associa
ted Press) To meet the urgent de
mands which the government has for
platinum orders were yesterday issued
to commandeer all stocks of rac- mo!
on worked platinum in the country.
German Business
men ToBeNoiified
What To Expezt
When Peace Comes
W A BHINOT OK, Matta I '
(AjMcltd iPtM Bjr aa vw
whlming BMjoritT th Obm1yr
of Oommrr of tb tToited BtotN
In tta reftrndaa voU fsvorad'
Ui resoluUon wrnlnf drauui
biulnMMDM that an economic com
bination will be formd afmlnat
Oennanj after U war untos tba
danger of eweielve armament be
removed by nuddnf tbe German
government a reaponilble inetrn-.
ment coatroDed by the people of :
tbe country.
Practically all of the returns
have been recetred and very few
organisations voted In tbe nega
tive. The votes reported show tbe
preponderance of tbe sentiment In
tbe separate, units as well as tbe-
country to general.
Attack On jGreat
Britain (pens .
Case For; Defense
o -V.
Counsel iforonspirktors. Dspi
Language To Which the Pros
ecutor Objects and Asks To Be
Stricken tFrom Records ;
rUN'FHAl"CCO. Msrc.h 1 fAsso-eleted-j,
. PresaJrH'ords which United
States Attornejr'l'reston characterised
as "Strarrilous,. unpatriotic and almost
treasonable' marked the opening Of
the fe in the Hindu revolution
contDlraoV.oaae eterdav.
An bf the irttirt of the t!fetiee-or'f
by the eourt yesterday morning and ex'
eeptiona were entered by Attorney
Oeorge Mcttowan. He then proceedeil
to out line- the case of the defense, and
it wa in doinu; this he used the words
to which the prosecutor objected ind
which he vainly sought to have stricken
from the records.
lit his opening statement McOowan
assailed Great Britain bitterly for "ex
tcting from India the vast sum of three
hundred million dollars annually when
n third of the population were without
sufficient food, often famine stricken
and on the verge of starvation."
Attofney I'reston rose in indignation
and interrupted the argument of his nd
versary at this point. He objected to
the language nnd asked the court to
strike it from the record. This request
was denied.
The counsel for the defense then pro
ceeded, but in milder language.
Minister of Interior and Medical
Experts Fight Disease By
Quarantine Measures
I'KKINC, February 2K-' Associated
l'ress) Spread of the pneumonic pl igue
to the south and the eastward of the
province of Anhwey is reported de
spite the efforts of the minister of the
interior with the assistance of foreign
and Chinese medical experts. Two
hundred huts similar to those designed
for Nankow have been sent to Feng
chen where an advanced quarantine sta
tion has been established. These huts
are simply furnished and readily de
tachable for destruction, should plague
case occur therein.
Many more foreign and Chinese due.
tors have been appointed at virious
centers while Surgeon General Chuan,
who is assisted by Wu Lien teh at Man.
churian outbreak, with thirty assistants
have gone as far as Kwei lluuchang
from where with other military doctors
they will proceed to Haratsi, l'aotou
an dot her oilgiuul plague centers.
H AMIINl.TlIN', March 1 I As-,
cuiteil l'1's-.i Hapid improvement in
health, nnd sanitary conditions in the
ciiirips an-l cantonments was reported
yesterday bv Surgeon General (iorgas.
His report sin .ws a substantial checking
of th' cpi'li-iiiii's of measles which have
pii'Miiled in a number of the ramps
and less tin uingitia also.
As icus-iii for the improved condition
better sanitary arrangements are
shown, bitter and more plentiful cloth
1 1 1 jj and a cessation of the intensely
col.l Heath, i of December and .lanuaiv.
A MKTKR1AM, March 1 ( Aioiatl I'reiw) Criticitm of rfweot ntUr
anccs of the Kainfr of militariitm and enpecinlly of the advinre upon Buuia
of th Orrmaa force wa opn)y voiced in the rouraa of ilnhnte in the retch
Staff yciterUv, as is told ia Berlin deapatchei of lt night. The critic of the
emiroi n tViedemana, a Bocialint leadpr.
Bcriclnmann quoted the recent statement which tbe Kainer made to the
Burgomnatcr of Haeihorg end declared there arc many in Germany who do
not atee with his prlnnpleii of military dominance.
Reverting to the subject ef Germany'! policy agninat Ruaaia he declared
it waa open to renaure in that it was tending to roune a hitter hoatility againat
UermnnY among the Attatre Hongariana, Oermany 'a atrongeat ally.
The Hpeech of the aoeialiat waa the caune of a great aenaatioa and waa
loudly applauded from the aoeialiat faction.
J jt JS J J J Jt Jl J
Failure To Secure Letters Cause
WA8II1NT.TON, March 1 (Alaoci
ated I-chhi Lfinlution deaigneil to
enable the federal trade commission to
eecure KHseMion for preaentation in
evidence of paNra and correspondence
of the great packing houaee aome of
which ia claimed to be highly incrimi
nating ia hoing nought by board of
rongreea, the movement being taken at
the requeat of V'rancia J. Ileney, coun
sel .for the board.
Thwarted bv the DrOceedinea in the
nrourta of law to prevent the board
from aecuring correspondence of the
packing eompeaiee, imperially of Ar
mour Company with Henry Veeder,
whom Ileney charaetericee an the
"clearing kotie' of (lie packing in
dustry. Felonies Charged
The controversy ever, the Veeder
papers and vaults arose when Veeder
refused -to permit Hugh Melsaac, fed
eral trade board examiner, te' Inspect
Any more of his paperr. Qu January
' th bosed , Sdjoumed v SudJlener
counsel 4 begasr kia eff S ti to anare
the papers desired thrbug'h the? eeurt.
On Kebrifljy 4 they applied f of' S srar
rant for search ana seizure Sad in
the application alleged the commission
of five felonies by the packers.
In this, Swift Co., Armour Jb Co.,
Morris k Co., Wilsoe-t Co., Inc., end
Cudahy ft Co., are named. A summary
Ready to Wake Any Sacrifices To
Win War But None To Aid
In Profiteering
(HICAOO, March 1 ( Associated
l'ress) Hamuel Qompers, head of the
American Federation of Labor, was the
chief witness in the stockyards wage
arbitration proceedings. Gompers came
out firmly and strongly in telling bow
far labor is willing to go in making
sacrifices during the war and where
such sacrifices must end.
"Organized labor stands ready to
make any and every sacrifice for the
successful conduct of the war," said
Gompers. "Labor will do this for the
nation, but it will not make sacrifices
to aid individuals in profiteering lur
ing the war."
Gompers advocated the eight-hour
day on the grounds of resulting better
moral conditions, better health ami
economy, and read from voluminous re
ports from the United Htates ' Depart
ment of Labor bulletins and statements
from employers in the coal, steel, shoe,
automobile and other lines of business
that a shorter work day had proved sue
cessful wherever tried.
Two Thousand Who Had Been
Drafted Sent Back To Work
WASHINGTON, March I (Asaoci
ated Press) Two thousand ship work
eis who were taken under tho first
draft and sent to the army cantonments
for training have been released from
service and brought back to the ship
yards through the efforts of the emci
gency fleet corporation.
In the classification under the que
tionuaire for the next draft it has been
found that there are tlnrty thousand
shipbuilders of draft age. These are
to be given a greatly deferred elassi
firation for such period as they mav
remain in actual work of ship con
structlon. The two thousand returned
from the cantonments are exempted
from military service on similar term
of the five accusations made as as
1. The felony of storing foods, lim
iting the supply thereof and affecting
the price in commerce between the sev
eral states. I'nder the Food Act.
2. The felony of wilfully making
false entries pertaining to the owner
ship aail control of subsidiary corpor
ations. rndw Federal Trade Act.
X The felony of wilfully making
false entries in direri accounts, rec
ords and memoranda of the corpora
tion itself. Under Federal Trade Act.
4. The feioey of wilfully failing to
make true aad correct entries on ac
counts, records, memoranda and tran
sactions. Under Federal Trade Act.
5. The felony of engaging in a con
spiracy with Armour ft Co., and other
packers named to defraud
the United Htates through and by
means of colhtsive bidding under con-
trate..-, ?. to furnish commodi
ties for tbe uss of military sad naval
f ((Tees' of the 'United Btstea. Under
Section IT of the Criminal Cod.
Vault (Seised V .' ?V ' , ,. if "
(, ? Veeder , ,reepdefvbjr . ioalisg ait
Uh Sfier k suit; fa .-' papers Wss
ordered held ia court fey Judge LSndiav
The validity of this warrant was at
tacked by Veeder was the "Espi
onage Act" under which the proceed
ings were brought, which set it is in
sisted is unconstitutional.
Veeder has thus far succeeded in
preventing the trade board from secur
ing his papers. '
Representatives Stand Behind
President hi Rate Making Pro
vision Reversing Vote
WASHINGTON, March 1 (Asso
ciated Press) After twice reversing
itself on former action the house of
representatives yesterday passed the
administration railroad bill by a final
vote of 337 to six.
The lower house came squarely back
i of the President when it reversed a
former vote on the amendment as to
rate fixing, by a vote of 11 to 165.
It placed the power to make rates in
the handa of the President instead of
with the Interstate Commerce Com
mission, as had been previously voted
and as the bill in the senate provides.
The second reversal was when the
period set for government operation of
the roads after the war was restored to
two years, as originally introduced,
from the eighteen mouth period that
had been voted and as is also in the
senate bill.
The measure as passed by the house
differs quite materially in several
points from the one pending in the
senate and a conference committee will
undoubtedly be required to whip the
two measures into such shape that an
agreement can be had.
List For February Is the Small
est In Many Months
LONDON, March 1 ( Associated
Press) Remarkable decreases in the
number of British casualties were
shown in the mouths of February, ac
cording to the figures which were is
sued by the war office last night. The
total is the smallest in ninnv months
Those killed in action or who died as
result of wounds were IS:! officers and
lilll.' enlisted men. The wounded and
missing numbered 4(18 officers and 1L
L'llS men.
WASHINGTON, February 88 (As
sociated Press) A naval board will
investigate reports that the l'. 8. 8.
Cherokee is unseaworthv.
Yesterday Sixty-sir
Names Figured rv
In Reports v
Sammies Give Huns
More Than They r
Are Getting 5
(Associated Preaa) Six:
ty-six American casualties ' Werij
reported yesterday In the des
patches received from General
Pershing and in the press reports
of the fighting from American
headquarters at the front, this"'
growing list of killed and wound-"
ed indicating moje than anything ,.
else could the growing participa!-'
tion of the Americans in ths fight.v
tag. " .lt '
Of the casualtes reported, one
officer and six tien were killed.,
thirty-one were wounded and
twenty-eight wre . gassed. '' This
brings the number of gas victims
for the week up?to k total of eigh-'
ty-eight.;, '..'.O
A stray German shell yesterday
struck, an American innsn.-.it'ion'
train,.! arpIo3lr2 r ' : . f . i!. 3
shsJlfc. Two men were l.i:';d in
the explosion and four were sea
ourJy wounded, i This was on the
Lorraine front, whera' the Ger
mans were shelling a town, back
of the American lines, tin this
shelling one American was killed
and five were wounded, while the
gas sheila used struck down twen
ty more, bringing the, victims of
gas on this front this week up to
eighty, of whom aeyen have died.
The American batteries were
active in their replies to the Ger
man artillerymen,' making good
targets. The enemy's mine throw
ing position had been located and
American shells obliterated it
during the day. , AHvt V, -
In the fighting on, Tuesday on
this front, reports General Persh
ing, one American "soldier . was
killed and twenty were wounded.
There was heavy fighting along
the Chemins des Dames sector,
yesterday, with the Americans
participating. Under k a heavy ,
barrage the German infantry at
tempted to rush one portion of
the line, being - repulsed r with
heavy losses. The French lost five
men wounded while the Ameri
cans emerged from .the 'affair
without a casualty.
On Wednesday on this front
the Americans lost through shell .
fire one officer and one private
with two more, seriously wound
ed. Yesterday ';' one ,Tf thefee r
wounded died In (thc first-aid sta
tion from his wounds.
The Germans are using gas
shells on this sector in large nunw :
bers and on Wednesday eight!
Americans had to be removed to
th hospital suffering ?from gal
All the casualties on this fronli
have been from units from New?
England. " . .?,,
-M irVf;
LAKE CHABLES, Louisiana, FeW
err 26 (Associated - Press) Lieut.'
WSlliam MoQiU and Lieut. Tellaod
Coman feU today as ths result oj an
airplane aecldent. Ueateaent MeOill
waa almost iastsntlr killed sod Lieu
tenant Comsu jatniul)y fcurt,

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