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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, March 05, 1918, Image 5

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Full Confidence In Rectitude of Purpose and
Military Ability of
Declares Spokesman
Determined to Have
Action May Be Decided Upon
will lc given a free hand
interests of the United States and the Allies throughout the Pacific
ports and the hinterlands is the opinion that appears to he develop
ing in official circles here. This is as Japan desires, according to 1
the best information, although it is probable that the Japanese will
have cooperating with them a considerable force of I liinesc.
It is certain that the decisions of the Entente g ernments and
of the l'nited States will nop be much longer delayed. Japan -is
eager lor action, as the Power most directly affected by the (iernian
success in Russia and the certainty that sooner or later the Bolshe
viki will be forced to their knees and be compelled by the strength
of 'iernian arms to give the Teutons much more than neutral rights
over Russia and Siberia.
Japan has requested early responses to her imitation that the
.United Stales and the Allies express their views regarding the
Siberian situation and the necessity of intervention, either by Japan
alone or by a joint Japanese and, American expedition. The re
sponses are expected very soon, the decisions of the governments
having, in all probability, been already reached.
One distinguished foreign' representative here, whose name has
not been given for publication but who speaks for one of the most
important of the Entente Allies, says that a situation has arisen
where the Allies and the Americans must place their entire confi
dence in the rectitude of purpose of the Japanese and the military
abilitv of the Japanese Empire.
Reports which have been given credit by some of the I'.ritish
newspapers state that already Japanese and Chinese Hoops have
reached A'siatic Russia. Confirmation of these reports cannot be
obtained here.
(KK). March 2 (Special to the Hawaii Shinpo) The gov
( rnnient of China has formally notified-the Japanese foreign oftm
of its determination to send an army of twenty thousand men t'
Liberia, to protect Chinese interests there and to safeguard the Mon
olian borders.
No official reply has yet been sent to Peking, but the govern
incut has been advised through memorials of the Seyukai and Kck
-iik.ii the two leading oolitical
t -or
lime is not yet opportune for the
i,lis- waiting the formal renlies
l;i(a.r ISumpean and American
I.Ol ISV ll.l.i:. Kentucky, March :i
i Assoi iiite.l 1'resxi Authorization by
congress to the war department to take
over nml control the r;tilrnudn of the
l'nited Htntes is found by Federal
.luilye Lvuiis, sitting here in the l'nited
Muei. district court in a decision rcu
ileie.l yesterday, but he iudieates he
does not find any authority for the
control of the railroads by Heeretary
of Treasury McAdoo.
'I'll . decision the federal court hnud
eil down was in the form of an opinion
th ii I since there was federal control of
the railroads Htate courts had lost
jurisdiction, which became vested in
the federal courts alone. He hold that
State courts still held concurrent juris
diction with federal courts and that the
net ion brought ill Kentucky Htate
courts would lie.
He finds that congress authorised
"the war department und no other to
take over the control of the railroads.
He indicated he was unable to find any
statute in the books which authorized
War Trade Board Believes Em
bargo Will Go To Facilitate
Shipments Much Needed
ASH I NdTON, March 3 ''Associat
ed I'reisi - Kmbargo upon all imports
ol i urn 1uic been temporarily placed
1 1 (he war trade board. This notion,
taken yesterday, is designed to increase
the movement of wheat from South
A iiierican countries to the l'nited
Wheat is needed hi
at this
liim' and the corn crops of Sout l,
America can wait oil tlo diiiiicnt of
the more necessary gruin, in the opiu
ion of the war trudo board.
It is the purpose also to make avail
able a supply of wheat which muy be
shipped to Bwiuerlaud where a still
greater used tot it exists.
Japan Must Be Shown,
For an Ally China
a Share In Whatever
(Associated Press)-That Japan
in Siberia for the protection of the
: J flSjSW
narties. that in their opinion the
despatch of troops to Siberia. The
for an expression of views from
the placing of the control in Secretary
McAdoo oi any other individual, bu
only in the war department.
If hiiv defect exists it niHy be euro
bv the railroad legislation which is
now pending in the senate. Meantime
the railroad defendant Iiiib given no
tice of nil nppca to be taken to the
higher federal courts.
WASHINGTON, March :t (Asso
ciuted Press) To further expedite the
movement of essential freights and to
give more truckage for such trains
Director of Hailroads McAdoo has ilc
termined it is necessary to further
limit passenger traffic to and from the
l'ncific Coast. He yesterday caused
the announcement to be made that one
third of the passenger trains now run
1 ning between Mississippi Kiver point
I and Fueifie Coast points shall be laii
' off, and the passenger schedules will bi
accordingly changed.
HIM), March 2 (Hpecinl to Star
Bulletin; A furiuus gale is blowing
in Hilo Harbor today with a heavy
sea ruuning. A fishing sampan was
swamped this morning in the harbor,
but the crew reached safety.
At Waiakea the railroad track has
been washed out.
Steamers in the harbor are seeking
refuge from the tremendous waves that
are sweeping over the full length of
and its co belligerents.
I A iroml oi ii ti v iieoide think rheums
, jHm ,.( J,e cured without taking
j nauseous medicine. Chamberlain 's Fain
Halm uniBSJiged thoroughly iuto the skin
, , fnr mure rheumatism than
any internal remedy in existence and
relict quicker. For stile by a I
' dealers. lieusoii Smith & Co., Ltd.,
agents for Hawaii. Advt.
Returned Army Officer Says It
,.Will Take Two Years To Drive
Gtermans From France
BUTTK, March S ( Associated Ptwmi)
-Discouraging my hopes of an earl?
peace Col. H. J. Breese, chief of staff
At, Camp Lewis, tin rettirnel from
vilt to France where he went to the
American sector and Investigated the
military situation generally. He fore
easts a long conflict for the l'nited
In the opinion of Colonel Breese It
111 take at leant two yearn to push
t)ie (Iprmans back, out of France ami
across the Khine. With this estimate
in view he enn see no .reasons to en
courage at home any visions of no earlv
enl to the war ami he warn those with
whom be han talked to make their
preparation for a long period of ho
Tie ha the utmost confidence in an
ultimate victory for the l'nited States
and it co-bcligerent.
Voluntary Restrictions Prove
Success and More Money
Is Made Available
WAHHINOTON, March 3-Ao.-i
ated Press ) Six week of voluntary re
strlctiou on the iuance of unern
tial securities anil of securities for non
essential manufacturing companies hoi
proved the aucceaa of the plan, it via
anaounred yesterday. No attempt have
been made to Moat any Urge issues of
securities without first securing ap
proval have been made. While there
hare been a considerable number cf
attempt at small infractions it is
believed these will be effectually pre
vented in the future by the passage
of a bill which is now pending and
which is designed to rcme Iv this.
Through tbi restriction the sums
available for loans !v the banks have
been greatly increased and this is mak
ins possible the taking of treasury
certificate in the volume which is de
MONTREAL, March .1 ( Associated
I'res) Impressment of slackers into
he military service has been institute
here under instructions from the nu
horities at Ottawa that strict enforce
lien t of the Couscriptiou Act will be
he rule from now on.
I'ress gang of police have been or
;n nixed and every man who appears of
tnlitary age is being stopped and qnes
ioned. flf-anable to prove exemption
u is taken into cuatOuv.
Forty to Bfty rueu were gathered in
oi Saturday and yesterday and todav
he seizures continued. 1 be men are
I raft oil into depot battalions to awai
ill- from abroad. Many ef the sla
is in this district were taken at rail
ond stations and poolrooms; other
vcre seized m the streets.
ASllIN'uTON', March .1 (Assoc
ated Press) The issue of uui vernal
military training will soon be before
'he senate for discussion, senator New
of Indiuua having Pnjected it iuto
hen. ling draft legislation in the form
.1 an amendment to the lull provid
int; for registration of all citizens who
have become twenty-one years of age
-nice June 6.
The proposed amendment would re
ipiire nil youths to register when they
reach the age or nineteen yean to he
trained without liability for service
until twenty one yean old, when they
would become automatically liable to
the draft.
The Indiana 'senator proposes to get
a showdown in the senate on the issue
winch has so long been under legisla
1 1 e agitation.
iociated Fress) Enormous destruo
ion of fish is done by every depth
hargo dropped by a destroyer. An
inetican destroyer brought home
en loot codfish the other day, killed
ii this way. A week ago, a huge fish
at first taken for a specimen of th
liresher shark, was washed ashore near
the American base. It measured It)
Yet in length and its girth around the
head where it was thickest, was Ave
feet. It bad beea killed bv a depth
charge explosion somewhere out side
the port.
I'AKIS, March 8 (Associated Fress)
A French school girl was killed
lv a panther on her way to school at
I.avuy, recently. The panther bad es
caped from a local menagerie. It was
caught and killed a few hours later
MADISON. Wlseonsia, March
Souator Bobert La Toilette' today com
nieaced suit for libel against the Madi
son Club, which recently ousted him
from membership.
lftllilANCE WAS
Resolution Passed By German-
American Alliance a Year Ago
May Have Weight In Revoca
tion of Its Charter Now
Differed From One Passed Else
where But Tends To Show
What Sentiment of Organiza
tion Heads Actually Has Been
sociated Press) Members of va
rious' State organizations which
are affiliated with the Oerman
Amerlean Alliance defended that
organisation yesterday against
th charges of disloyalty of that
organisation, which are now be
ing Investigated by the sentte ju
diciary committee in connection
with the proposal to cancel the
charter of the alliance
This .telegram from the Associated
Pesa recalls the action of the. local
branch of the (iennan- Vmerican Al
liance when it passed n solutions which
were sent to it for adoption and which
were in direct contrast with the reso
lutions which were adoptee) on the
mainland the following night. The ac
tion in Honolulu occurred on the eve
ning of Wednesday, February H. which
was presided over by (i. W. Ziegler.
then lieutenant colonel in the national
guard1, and' which was attended by
motwithaa a. hundred members.
Kssolatlons Adopted
The text of the resolution, which was
unanimously adopted, was:
Be it resolved bv the Honolulu
branch of the National (iennan-Amer
ican Alliance at a meeting held Wed
nesday, February 7, 1!M7. attended by
members, all eitizeus of the United
States of America, that the secretary
bo instructed and is hereby directed to
telegraph to Honorable Thomas R
Marshall, president of the Inited
States senate, and Honorable Champ
Clark, speaker of the' United States
house of representatives at Washing
ton, D. C, the following petition.
In the interests of peuce the under
signed members of the National tier
an-American Alliance and citizen
voters of the l'nited States of America
respectfully petition concrress to pro
vide that before auv declaration of war
be made against any foreign country
such proposed action be referred to tin
citizen voters of the nation for de
Schnrmann Episode
At that meeting lr. Schurmuun had
prepared a speech in which he threat
sued civil war iu the United States
case of war with Germany. 11c
was not permitted to deliver his speech
as prepared, the presiding officer, for
bidding this, but lie had given a copv
of what he purposed saying to a rep
resentative of The Advertiser and in
that intended speech were these sig
nificant words:
"The same heart re tiding condition
which prevailed during that nwful and
severe war of Suuth against North are
agaiu rapidly taking shape all over oui
land. The storm is threatening am!
the deadly lightning may strike an. I
destroy with terrific fury."
Sensation Follows
The passage of the resolutions rrc
ated a sensation iu Honolulu. When
daajiatckes came from the inniiilnmt a
day- .lit? Celling of the action taken
there, of a different resolution parsed
there was consternation among the
Oerman Americans here. They were at
S loss to understand it and it was no
until steanu'rs arrived from the Coast,
more than a week later with new spa
pers and mail that it developed the
resolution passed here had been re
railed by telegraph from the othei
branches and a substitute sent but Ho
uolulu had in some manner been over
lookeii. Thus it developed what tin
original intentions of the organization
Copies of the resolutions passed here
and un account ot the an air have ticcu
scut to the senate judiciary committee
from here and will beyond doubt have
their inlluenec upon the action of the
members of the committee.
Cuptains Soiensen and Hanna, First
Infantry, who were seriously wouudei'
by the etplosion of a live hand gren
nde during practise nt the greiunl'
school of lire eiulv last week, are re
ported to be satisfactorily responding
to surgical treatment ut the depart
ment hospital at Fort Shafter.
A board lias been appointed by Col
onel Heard, post commander at Scho
Held Barracks, to investigate tin
cause of the explosion which killeil
Corporal Simmons, of the First Int'an
try and wounded four officers and nt
enlisted man.
Held at the police station yesterday
waf a man said to be named Frank .1.
Smith, posted last September as a de
serter from the Miu hine dun Coiiipanv,
Firat Infantry, Schofleld Barracks. He
was brought from Hilo in the Maonn
Kea. He first worked, the police say,
with Norwood, a hypnotist, and then
went to Hilo and is said to have mar
ried there. He is over six feet tall and
la an athlete.
Ruthless Butchery of Serbs
Told By Foreign Minister I
sociated Press) Accounts of
butcheries of the Serbs by the
Bulgara In an effort of the latter
to "denationalize" the Serbian
notion are told In a statement
which was made public by the
foreign minister of Serbia yes
terday. "The Bulgara," be asserted,
' 'deny that any Serbian nation ex
ists. They would make as peo
ple without a country."
In dealing with the outrages
and brutalities which he asserts
have been committed by the en
emy he gives many instances
where priests and teachers nave
been ruthlessly taken from their
charges of the churches and the
schools and put to death. Other
Instances of the slaying of non
combattants are cited in his state
ment. F
Hubert Howe Bancroft Passed
Away of Old Age At His
San Francisco Home
SAN FRANCISCO, March .1 (AafO-
cinted Fress i- Hubert Howe Bancroft,
the famous historian, who has been
fciling during the past several months,
died at his home here yesterday morn-
inif from ol.l ac. He was eighty-six
years old.
Although one of the most prolific
writers of history which America ever
has produced, at the age of forty Mr.
Bancroft' had never written a book,
nor, by his own statement, made many
years luter, did he know how to write
even the simplest manuscript. From
early manhood he hnd been a book
seller and business man in Han Fran
cisco, and previous to that clerk in A
bookstore lit BufTalo. Kurlier still, he
was a farm h:md ami tannery boy near
Orandville, Ohio, where he was born
May 5, Is.il'. It was in the bookstores
that he obtained Ins education, his aU
tendance at public schools being very
Inspired to Write
Following Ins opening of a bookshop
at San Francisco in I s5fi, Bancroft eon
reived the idea of writing a comprehen
sive history of California, and to that
end began collecting books, manu
scripts and newspapers. Ho absorbed
did he become in this search for maj
terial, that ten or twelve years later
had collected thousands of volumes ot
books and stacks of manuscripts ' and
newspaper files. Still he had written
nothing and could not, for he did not
know what was in the books and manu
scripts. Finally, in IS71, the passion to write
so consumed Bancroft thot he gave'the
conduct of his business over to others
and set himself in earnest to the task.
Long since the plan to write only of
California had enlarged until it in
cluded the Pacific Coast regions of the
whole North and South American con
Stupendous Undertaking
Soon despair seized upon Bancroft,
for he discovered by tests that the
mere work of rending, digesting and
nutating his material unaided would
eipiire at least four hundred yeurs
For a time his des)ndency amounted
almost to insanity. Then he ronsid
eied the expedient of employing as
sistants and made many experiments,
failure generally resulting. On one oc
casion he threw into the furnace as
worthless twenty five reams of mnnu
eript, representing the work of six or
"i';ht men for months. A noted me
diaevnl scholar, employed at a higli
untie, was unable to help him.
I'crsistiiiu. the would be h'stoi inn
finally perfected a system of curd in
.lexing which proved successful. There
after, he trained and employed htm
dreds of assistants. the services of
miiiic of whom amounted to eollabor
Htins. From the vast notes thus uc
cumulated, Bancroft finally approached
Ins real task, he having learned, pain
fully, In the meantime, sumVthing of
the art of writing.
Made Two Starts
More difficulties arose. Bancroft
had selected Peru as the subject of his
ii-d endeavor and hnd decided that its
history should begin with the Spnnih
conquest. Suddenly, when the wotk
:ii half complete, he rejected it, hold
ML' to the theory that nil history should
begin with the beginning of things,
starting anew, he delved into the
invtlis und legends of the mysterious
.pies of the American continents
i nulling back into the Middle Ages,
marshaling therefrom the facts Hiid
theories of his "Native Hares of th(
Pacific States." This work in five
olmiies, was issued in 1874, it being
lecessnry, at the last, for the author to
rgatiie a publishing company to in
urc its printing.
Bancroft estimated that the work ol
writing and research expended upon
"Native Races" represented the work
of one man, toiling every day, Sundays
vceiited. for fifty years.
Following this great effort, Bancroft
now widely recognized as an authority
mi history, plunged into other work
continuing incessantly at his desk until
he had produced thirty four volumes
comprising the history of the Pacific
Coast States am) countries from A'nka
to Argentina. His life ambition real
i.ed. lie devoted himself to oeea-ional
writing, producing "Retrospection"
utter passing his eightieth birthday
In I''.'!, accompanied bv native assist
nuts, he visited Mexico and spent
months in searching the ancient ar
chives of thnl country for h:tricnl
data. The result was a new history ot
Mexico, recently issued. His library,
housed in a specially constructed build
ing, consists of over sixty thousand
During the evening of his life Han
croft lived auietlv at his hume iu San
v. 1 f
On Aisne Front, Picked Shock Troops
of the Kaiser Again Meet Their
Match In Lads Fighting ,For Demo
cracy and Are Driven Back Leaving
Many Dead arid Some Prisoners
..s " '
AM F.klf.W FRONT IN FRANC I".. Mardi .1 ( .Wodatcd
Prcs i Hitter fighting between ( icrni;m raiders and Ameri
cans have taken place along the Chemins K-s Dames front, fighting
in which the Americans have again demonstrated their ability to
meet the picked, shock troops of the Kaiser in a tight of their own
choosing and defeat them.
The icrman raid in force was attempted on Thursday, follow
ing a like attempt on the Lorraine front, where the dermans were
leciMvelv lie.tten and driven hack. Following a terrific barrage,
A'hich drove the American trench defenders into their dugouts, the
(iermans rushed the American line, appearing in the trenches in
-ome instances before the Americans were out of their shell-proof
A hand to hand melee followed, in which the Huns were out
lassed ami beaten. Leaving four prisoners in American hands
and a large number of dead behind them, the raiders broke and ran,
for their own lines, followed by a hail of American bullets which
aught many and dropped them in No Man's Land. -The affair was
i complete American victory.
The Americans lost a number of men killed and wounded.
In the first rush, a German squad surrounded the entrance of a
dugout in which an American sergeant and tsvo privates had taken
.belter. With bombs in hand, the Germans ordered the Americans
ut. They came out shooting and with such rapid execution that
the three Americans wiped out the party which had anticipated tak
ing them prisoners. r.
During the terrific bombardment that preceded the raid two
mericans were covered up in a shell hole. Their comrades, noting
heir imminent danger, braved the shells and dug the two out, liud
ng them partially suffocated but not seriously injured.
The American dead from this action were buried yesterday in
i cemetery back of the lines, a large number of French soldiers at-
endinerand taking part in the burial ceremony. ,
On the Toul front there has
r thlr raimner tactics. inc ISSI
mfv by brisk artillery actions, with snipers busy in the -trenches. ,;,-,
l hroucnout me enure western
. - ' 1 - . . . : v. ., A.nll i ty 1 ' f n '
US IcllUS, Willi A gtlKIOIiy im.n.u. -
Hie tierman preparations for
irogrcssing, according 10 me rcpoiis 01 )miuiicis wsvn jr ,-"- yn
tish, and trie mow may tan ai any
nost supreme confidence in their
md the other for holding the line
Proclamation In Petrograd Tells
of Work of Invaders When
Thev Enter Molmar
LONDON, March .1 ( Asuociuted
Press) Hanging of two hundrcil Hoi
nln-viki in one dny i announrfil in u
Hnl-lu'v iiit ircK'luniutioii, arrunli n n to
mi -official messages received here
from the RiiHHiau capital last niirlit. The
itiicluDiHtion Hays that when the Ten
ton invader entered Woluiar on Feb
ruary 2!) they arrested and summarily
handed two hundred people. This was
done, it ia asserted without the hold
iui; of anything which could he culled
an investigation.
It is also asserted in this nroclnmu
tion that the Germans have announced
that all members of the Bolsheviki red
guard who may be taken alive shall suf-
fer the death penalty.
1 1
No Rest For That!
Aching Back j
Housework is too hard for 11 woman
nlio is half sick, nervous and ulw:iy
tired. But it keeps piling up, and k1 - s
wcuk kidneys no time to recmei. Ii
your back is lume und in liv and voui
kidneys irregular; if you haw "Hue
hpcIN.'' sick headache, nci vimimu s-.
dizziness und rheuiiiiit ic pains n-'
I loan's Backache Kidney Bills. '.
Inn e done wonders for thousand- ot
women worn out with weak Kolm s
'-When Your Buck i I uiiic Keinem
bei the Name." (Don't sinmh a-k to
a kidney reineuy hsk iimiiiuii nu
I loan 's Backache Ki.lnev I'iIU 111 .1 1.1!.
nn other). Doau's Bnchnehe Kilnv
Bills are sold by u II druggists and t..ie
I keepers, or will be mailed on reeeipi
puce oy tne iioinsier iruj;
Benson Kiuith A Co., agents
for II.'
ll..-i,li l.Un.li
I Advrrtiac uicut
been no renewal by the Germans ,
IWftnviour nun rs.-.inirv maimer .1.11,
uicaici uicir. iuic i:cn numw- :.
.'...! . ,1 1 1 tn t t f b-iw cunrirknaflino.. -
u .r.v....- w ...vt 1- 'mj
the planned great offensive arc
niniuic. uum smc ci"j
preparations, the one for offense
and delivering effective counter.
! Germany's Terms Unsatisfactory
i To King Is Report From
I Newspaper In Berlin
AMSTERDAM, March 3 (Associat
ed I'ress) Failure of the peace nego
tiations between (iermany, Aastria
Hungary und Rumania at Bucharest
is reported from Rerliu in despatches
which have been received here from
the Vossische Zeitung. The despatches
nu v that failure of the negotiations has
come iu the early stages. It is un
derstood the reply of Ferdinand to th
terms of Oermany, which included de
mands for his abdication, have been
found unsatisfactory. There is soma
1 expectation that Runiauia will present
counter terms for its government has
1 declared the couutry wants peace but
! Il0t " eae at any price."
! Adjournment of the reichstag was
1 al!"' nouncod in Berlin meaaagt-s
, which stated that body had taken a
recess until March 1-.
; Torpedo Boat and Two Sweep
ers Are Blown To Pieces
l.o.NDON, March K ( Associate
1 l'rc!iO"-Iestruction of a (lerman tor
, pedo boat and two mint sweepers is re
I ported from Amsterdam in despatches
eived bv the Daily Mail.
The messages say that the explosions
occurred off the Island of Vlieland
where the three craft ramo in contact
with mines and were lost. Vo details
of loss to members of the crews were
given in the despatches.
LONDON, March 3 ( Associated
res) Bankers have had another ex
..Unit vear and iu nearly all cases
-ii list ant in I ly improved earnings are
ie. oi.led Cor 1!M7. Three of the great
leiinn Hi iik have declared a higher
livi.leud and several of the country
ii i ii hi urns are ua.viug their sharehold
. on n hitther "cale. Large sums have
l. ecu set aside aiAnst contingencies
-ii. Ii us any sMial circumstance arts
mil during the piist war neriod of reconstruction.
J r i
-1 1

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